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Last updated: 23 May 2022


Surnames beginning with the letter H




This biography is about their father James and includes Civil War information about his sons.

JAMES CONRAD HAGANS was born on October 8, 1809, the son of William HAGANS and Elizabeth (SMITH) HAGANS. William HAGANS was born November 11, 1769, in North Carolina. Elizabeth (SMITH) HAGANS was born March 24, 1784, in Virginia. William and Elizabeth were married circa 1800 in Virginia, and were the parents of seven children:

1) John Smith HAGANS born March 5, 1801, Barren Co. KY; died Aug. 1, 1872, Santa Rosa CA

2) Samuel Campbell HAGANS born Jan 18, 1805; died circa 1855, Boone Co. MO
3) William Boyd HAGANS born Sept. 23, 1807, Kentucky; died June 18, 1881, Ukiah, Mendocino Co. CA

4) James Conrad HAGANS
5) Hugh C. HAGANS born June 19, 1814

6) Nancy A. HAGANS born July 31, 1816; married Reuben WANGER

7) Clarissa A. HAGANS born circa 1824; died Dec. 14, 1914, Mendocino Co. CA married 1st F. F. EDDY (ca. 1817-1886); married 2nd Shadra K. GREENE

James Conrad HAGANS enlisted with Captain Jesse CLAYWELL's Company which was with the 4th Regiment of the 3rd Brigade of the Illinois Mounted Volunteers. The 3rd Brigade of the Illinois Mounted Volunteers were called into service during the Black Hawk War upon the requisition of General Henry ATKINSON by Illinois Governor John REYNOLD's proclamation on May 15, 1832. Among those on the roster of Capt. CLAYWELL's Company are:

Samuel Campbell HAGANS, from Sangamon County, Illinois, Private

William Boyd HAGANS, from Sangamon County, Illinois, 2nd Corporal

James C. HAGANS, from Sangamon County, Illinois, 3rd Corporal

Capt. CLAYWELL's Company was organized on June 5, 1832, and took up line of march on the 10th of June for the place of rendevouz, arriving on June 14th, 1832. The company was mustered out of service on June 20th, 1832, drawing six days of traveling rations.

BLACK HAWK WAR In 1804 the Native Americans residing along the Mississippi River in northern Illinois lost their ancestral lands in a disputed treaty which was signed in Saint Louis, Missouri. The contention was that the Sac Nation was not informed of the treaty and those who signed the treaty were not representatives of the Sac People. The United States Government insisted that the treaty was legal and therefore binding. Under the leadership of Chief Black Hawk (Ma-Ka-Tai-Me-She-Kia-Kish or "Black Sparrow Hawk"), the Sac and Fox returned to their homeland in May of 1832. This action created mass hysteria and widespread panic among the White settlers. In response, Illinois Governor REYNOLDS immediately called up a militia. Those responding to the call included a young Abraham LINCOLN.

During June of 1832, both the militia and regular army were unsuccessful in locating Chief Black Hawk's band. In July, Chief Black Hawk and his People were pursued across northern Illinois and southwestern Wisconsin. There was a major engagement at Wisconsin Heights prior to a final routing at Bad Axe on the Mississippi River where dozens of Sac, including women, children, and the elderly, were killed. Of the 500 Sac People who were with Chief Black Hawk, only approximately 150 survived.

Chief Black Hawk, one of the survivors, was forced to surrender, then was sent East where he was paraded around through the Eastern cities as though he were a captured animal. The public, however, greeted him with a hero's welcome.

Chief Black Hawk returned to Iowa, finding himself admired by the Iowa settlers. He often accepted an invitiation to address sessions of the territorial legislature. At his last public apperance on July 4, 1837, he said, "A few summers ago I was fighting against you. I did wrong, perhaps, but that is past. It is buried, let it be forgotten. Rock River was beautiful county. I loved my towns, my cornfields, and the home of my People. it is yours now. Keep it as we did."

Chief Black Hawk died on October 3, 1837 in his lodge with his wife Asshewaqua (Singing Bird) beside him. He was 70-years-old.

James Conrad HAGANS married Harriet W. TAYLOR on December 23rd of 1833 in Sangamon County, Illinois. Harriet W. (TAYLOR) HAGANS was born December 23, 1815. James and Harriet were the parents of six children:

1) Jasper N. HAGANS born Dec. 11, 1835, McDonough Co. IL died Feb. 16, 1892, Mount Ayr IA married Mar 22, 1857, Sarah Jane SOLES (1840-1920) Jasper and Sarah were interred at Oakdale Cemetery, Ringgold Co. IA

2) Sylvester James G. HAGANS born Oct. 28, 1847, Sangamon Co. IL; died Oct. 20, 1918, Ringgold Co. IA married Louisa Permelia HOPKINS (1838-1925) Sylvester & Louisa interred Oakdale Cemetery, Ringgold Co. IA

3) Clarinda HAGANS born Dec. 23, 1839, Ogle Co. IL; Dec. 18, 1932, Strong City, Chase Co. KS

married March 21, 1858, Ringgold Co. IA Thomas Jefferson HARVEY (1835-1918)
4) Charles HAGANS born March 31, 1842, Ogle Co. IL; died July 13, 1892, NE married Sept. 1, 1870, Des Moines Ruth Jane STRATTON (1842-1923)

5) Bird HAGANS born Jan. 18, 1844, MO died April 23, 1874, Redding, Ringgold Co. IA married Nov. 22, 1865, Ringgold Co. IA Elizabeth Jane TARDY (1845-1916) Bird and Elizabeth's daughter Blanche died at the age of two years. Bird and Elizabeth's daughter Dora A. died at the age of six weeks, two days. Bird, Elizabeth, Dora A. and Blanche were interred at Oakdale Cemetery, Ringgold Co. IA

6) George Washington HAGANS born Aug. 17, 1845, MO; died 1845

Harriet died on August 19, 1845, in Missouri, two days after the birth of her sixth child, George Washington.

James' biographical sketch in the History of Ogle County, Illinois states that he was one of the first justices of the peace in the county.

James Conrad HAGANS married second on January 12, 1847 in Green County, Missouri, to Tabitha BANDFIELD, born in Tennessee on November 22, 1826. James and Tabitha were the parents of three children:

1) Elizabeth HAGANS born in 1848, IL; died Oct. 10, 1927, McPherson KS married Ringgold Co. IA Gustavus Adolphus KINDBLADE (1851-1921)

2) William Campbell HAGANS, born July 4, 1851, IL

3) George Karr HAGANS born Oct. 14, 1853, Springfield IL; died Sept 18, 1935, Beaverton OR married June 25, 1876, MO Cordelia Ann HARROW (1855-1921)

James Conrad HAGANS and his family moved to the newly formed Ringgold County, Iowa, sometime around the year 1855. In election of county officers shortly after the establishment of Mount Ayr as the county seat on June 9, 1855, James C. HAGANS was appointed as the county judge. James HAGANS was among the 34 citizens who voted in this first Ringgold County election.

In what was probably his first offical duty, Judge HAGANS settled financial matters with Judge LOWE of Taylor County on June 29, 1855. Ringgold County was formed from Taylor County. Apparently Taylor County owed Ringgold County $1.45. With the account settled, Ringgold County began operations from this small capital.

On December 24, 1855, the second marriage license in Ringgold County was issued to Josiah TURNER and Eliza Ann SCOTT. Judge HAGANS performed the wedding ceremony on the same day.

In Andreas' Illustrated Historical Atlas of the State of Iowa, published in 1875, it is noted:

One of the most prominent men in the early history of the county was Judge HAGANS, who wielded great influence from the time of his first election as County Judge until his death. He came to the county from McDonough County, Illinois, in June, 1854, and was a native of Kentucky. He served the people three terms in the office of County Judge [from 1855 to 1859], and was elected State Senator at the general election of 1857, from the district composed of the Counties of Ringgold, Taylor, Adams, Union, and Clarke. He served with ability in the Eighth and Ninth General Assemblies. He discharged his last senatorial and official duties at the extra session of September, 1862. Soon after this time his health began to fail. He died September 7, 1863, at his home in Mount Ayr.

As early as 1859, Ringgold county organized an agricultural society. On the 18th of June of that year a formal organization was completed, with the following board of officers; I. W. KELLER, President; E. SHELDON, Vice President; A. Z. HUGGINS, Secretary; and J. C. HAGANS, Treasurer. Eight directors were also elected. The first annual fair was held October 14, 1855. The society purchased a beautiful forty-acre tract of land about one mile northeast of Mount Ayr, on which they located their fair grounds, and have made good improvements. The affairs of the society are in a prosperous condition.

Three of James' sons served in the Civil War:

Jasper enlisted as a Private on July 4, 1861 at the age of 25 in Ringgold County, Iowa. He was assigned to Company G of the 4th Iowa Infantry and was mustered into service on August 15, 1861. Jasper was promoted to Full Corporal on March 20, 1863. He received a shell wound between his hip and knee. Jasper was home on furlough and then re-enlisted in either July or August of 1863. He was promoted to Full Sergeant on July 4, 1864. Jasper was mustered out of service at Louisville, Kentucky, on July 24, 1865.

Charles enlisted at the age of nineteen as a Corporal on July 4, 1861 in Ringgold County, Iowa. He was assigned to Company G of the 4th Iowa Infantry and mustered into service on August 15, 1861. Charles was wounded at Claysville, Alabama, then later was captured byConfederate troops. Charles was mustered out of service at Davenport, Iowa, on May 8, 1865

Bird enlisted at the age of eighteen as a Private on August 9, 1862, at Mount Ayr, Iowa. He was assigned to Company G. of the 29th Iowa Infantry, mustered into service on November 18, 1862. Bird was working as a nurse and later promoted to ward master in a hospital. Late in February of 1863, he became ill with pneumonia. In June, 1863, Bird developed diarrhea. Bird was mustered out of service at New Orleans, Louisiana, on August 10, 1865. Bird never fully recovered from his illnesses. He was weak and suffered from a hacking cough until his death on April 23, 1874 at the age of 30.

James didn't live to see his sons return home from the War. He died at his home in Mount Ayr, Iowa, on September 7, 1863. His second wife Tabitha died on October 8, 1906. They were both interred at Oakdale Cemetery, Ringgold County, Iowa.

Also interred at Oakdale Cemetery are James and Tabitha's grandchildren: Orsa A. HAGANS who died at the age of seven weeks on July 11, 1875; and, Ralph E. HAGANS who was born in 1869 and died in 1870.

~"Ringgold County" Illustrated Historical Atlas of the State of Iowa A. T. Andreas. Chicago. 1875.

~American Civil War Soldiers database,

 ~WPA Graves Survey
~Compiled and submitted by Sharon R. Becker, May of 2009



R. B. HALL, farmer, section 16, Athens Township, was born in Jackson County,Ohio, in 1845. His parents, John and Charlotte HALL, reared a family of eight children - Elizabeth, Rachel, Hester, Amos P., Asbury, R. B., Eliza and Harriet. R. B. was the sixth child. In 1856 his parents moved to Appanoose County, Iowa, where he passed his early life in assisting in the farm work and attending the common schools.

July 14, 1862, he enlisted in Company E, Eighteenth Iowa Infantry, and participated in the battle at Springfield, Missouri, in the Camden expedition, and in most of the prominent engagements of the Southwest. In an engagement under General STEELE the Eighteenth Iowa and a Kansas colored regiment were in one of the most desperate fights on record. The Eighteenth had about 400 men, and the colored regiment about 600, against 6,000 rebels. The Eighteenth lost 100 men, and the colored was nearly annihilated. Mr. HALL was also at the battle of Saline River and several other engagements. He was honorably discharged August 7, 1865, at Davenport, Iowa, and returned to his home in Appanoose County.

He was married May 4, 1871, to Miss Elizabeth SUTTON, of Wayne County, daughter of T. W. and Deborah (QUARY) SUTTON. By this marriage there were
four children - Howard, Lulu, Clara, who died at the age of two years, and John, who died in infancy. Mrs. HALL died January 12, 1879, and March 21, 1880, Mr. HALL was united in marriage with Miss Elizabeth WALKER, daughter of Joseph and Charlotte WALKER, of Wayne County. By this marriage are three children - Grace, Ernest Blaine and Pearl.

Mr. HALL removed to his present farm in 1880. He has 320 acres of well-improved land, a good residence, surrounded with shade and ornamental trees; out-buildings for stock, and a good orchard. He is a member of Post 96, G.A.R., at Mount Ayr, and politically is a Republican. He is one of the leading men of his township. Postoffice, Kellerton.

~Biography & Historical Record of Ringgold County, Iowa, p. 297, 1887.
~Transcription and note by Sharon R. Becker, January of 2009




Confederate cannon fired on Fort Sumter on April 12, 1861, war followed and by the middle of the next year, with the ranks depleted by deaths and discharges, President Lincoln called for another 300,000 volunteers. Iowa was given a quota of five regiments in addition to those already in the field and, if not raised by August 15th, a draft was possible. By then early enthusiasm had waned and the fall harvest of sweet corn was imminent, but Governor Kirkwood assured the President "the State of Iowa in the future as in the past, will be prompt and ready to do her duty to the country in this time of sore trial.”

      The 21st regiment of Iowa’s volunteer infantry was organized in the northeastern counties, then the state’s 3rd Congressional District. Those considered by the Governor for commissioning as staff officers included McGregor banker and merchant Samuel Merrill as Colonel, Manchester attorney Salue Van Anda as Lieutenant Colonel and attorney Cornelius Dunlap as Major, but Dunlap wrote to the Governor and said “I have had a considerable experience in military affairs and I certainly think that if a civilian is to be taken for one of the field offices of the reg’t I am entitled to the preference.” The Governor agreed and Dunlap was commissioned as Lieutenant Colonel and Van Anda as Major.

      Born in Wisconsin on January 17, 1844, William Hall, the son of Granson and Nancy Hall, was a resident of Shell Rock when he enlisted on June 27, 1862, as a private in what would be Company A of the regiment. He was described as being an eighteen-year-old farmer, 5' 6" tall, with blue eyes and brown hair. When all ten companies were of sufficient strength, they were mustered in as a regiment at Camp Franklin on Eagle Point in Dubuque on September 9, 1862.

      On board the sidewheel steamer Henry Clay and two barges tied alongside, they left for war on September 16th, spent one night on Rock Island before resuming their trip, debarked at Montrose due to low water levels, traveled by train to Keokuk where they boarded the Hawkeye State and arrived in St. Louis on the 20th. After one night at Benton Barracks, they were inspected on the 21st and, about midnight, boarded rail cars of the type used for livestock and freight and traveled by night to Rolla where they arrived the next morning.

      Camping near a good spring along the Lebanon Road southwest of town, they spent several weeks training and William was briefly sick but they then started the first of many long marches. Still in Missouri, they moved from Rolla to Salem and Houston and, in January, to West Plains near the Arkansas border.  From there they walked to the old French town of Ste. Genevieve where they arrived on March 11, 1863. After camping on high ground above the Mississippi River they were transported downstream to Milliken’s Bend, Louisiana, where General Grant was organizing a large three-corps army to capture the Confederate stronghold of Vicksburg.

      On April 12th, in a corps led by General John McClernand, they started south and stayed west of the river as they moved along dirt roads, across bayous, through swamps and past plantations many of which had been burned by their owners to prevent their use by the Northern army. Understandably, many became sick and were left behind while others continued their march. Among those left behind were several men from the 21st Iowa including Jim Bethard, John Crop, Ellis Ellis, Abe Treadwell, Darius Cleveland and William Hall, but they were able to rejoin their comrades at the rear of Vicksburg in early June. By then the city was under siege, a siege that ended when John Pemberton surrendered on July 4, 1863. 

      Throughout most of the siege, Confederate troops under General Joseph Johnston had been behind the Union lines but made no significant attempt to assist their besieged comrades. When the city’s surrender became imminent, Grant instructed General Sherman that the moment the surrender took place, Sherman was to attack Johnston and “drive him out of the state and destroy his army.” With a force of 48,000 Sherman started east on the 5th in pursuit of Johnston, a pursuit that ended with the Confederates making a stand in the state capital at Jackson. On July 11th, Company A advanced as skirmishers but fell back as the “grey-coats came charging.” Firing was exchanged until dusk when they were relieved by the 8th Indiana. The Company’s casualties included Robert Moore who was killed and several who were injured. Among them was William Hall who was severely wounded when a musket ball entered his right leg about four inches above the ankle and fractured the tibia before exiting.

      William was treated in the field before being taken to Vicksburg and was then transported north where he was admitted to the Jackson General Hospital in Memphis on the 17th.  He was later transferred to the Washington General Hospital, also in Memphis, where he received additional care. On July 24, 1864, William was still hospitalized in Memphis when, by order of Major General Nathaniel Banks, he was discharged from the military on a Surgeon's Certificate of Disability.

      After returning to Iowa, he was living in Black Hawk County when he retained J. B. Powers, a well-known Cedar Falls attorney, to represent him in an application for an invalid pension. Signing the application on April 5, 1865, with Jason Bennett and F. A. Bryan as witnesses, William said he had been wounded “in the right leg between the knee and Ankle point.” He was examined the same day by Dr. C. Pierce, who said the leg “occasionally discharged a portion of the tibia” and, in his opinion, William was “wholly incapacitated for obtaining his subsistence by manual labor.” A pension of $3.00 monthly was granted.

      Most veterans having once been admitted to the pension rolls, filed subsequent applications seeking to increase their pensions due to worsening conditions or because they thought their rates were lower than those for others with similar disabilities. In 1873, William said “since leaving the service he has resided principally in Shell Rock Butler County Iowa and his occupation has been a farmer.” The wound, he said, “never healed over and is gradually growing worse.” In 1886, he was living in Miltonvale, Kansas, when a board of surgeons in Concordia confirmed there was a “very tender” scar three inches long and one and one-half inches wide, the tendons had contracted, and William had a perceptible limp. His right foot could be extended but not flexed to any extent “thus preventing his walking well.” The doctors agreed with William that his pension should be increased.

      In 1889 he was still living in Miltonvale when he said he had continual pain and his ankle was stiff and weak and “gives out if used much swells at time. Can do no manual labor. Chores around farm some.” Doctors said he was “lame & walks with two canes.” Eventually, new acts provided for age-based pensions and, on January 19, 1914, two days after his 70th birthday, William applied. Over a period of many years and the filing of numerous applications, his pension was gradually increased.

      After the war, William had married Rhany Taylor who was born in Michigan in 1848, died on August 27, 1886, and was buried in Shell Rock.

      On February 1, 1935, William was living in Bonner Springs, Kansas, when he was taken by ambulance to Leavenworth and admitted to the Veterans Administration Hospital where records indicate his pension was then $71.25 monthly. His nearest relative was listed as his adopted son, Delbert B. Beaman (Hall), Crescent City, California, but in case of an emergency the hospital was to contact Delbert’s son, Clarence, a bill-poster, in Kansas City, Missouri.

      On the 5th, a surgeon said William was “seriously” ill and recommended a letter be sent to Delbert. A nurse and the ward surgeon closely monitored William’s health but it did not improve and, on the 9th, the surgeon wrote that William was now “critically” ill and recommended that a telegram be sent to Delbert. A week later, on February 16th, ninety-one-year-old William died, only fifteen days after being admitted to the hospital. His body was taken to Bonner Springs where he was buried in the Bonner Springs Cemetery.

~Submitted by Carl F Ingwalson, updated May 2023

Submitter Notes: William seemed to move around quite a bit since in 1862 he enlisted in Clinton County , in 1865 he was in Black Hawk County, in 1873 he was in Butler County and by 1886 he was in Kansas.

A Narrative History of The People of Iowa with 

Curator of the
Historical, Memorial and Art Department of Iowa
Volume IV

Chicago and New York


FRANK HANNA, M. D., is one of the veteran and honored physicians and surgeons of Pottawattamie County, where he has been established in the practice of his profession in the attractive little City of Walnut during a period of more than half a century and where he has made his influence large and benignant both as a citizen and as a physician and surgeon whose able ministrations have here constituted a communal asset. The doctor has been identified closely with the development and progress of his home community and is one of its best known and most revered citizens.


Doctor Hanna was born in Licking County Ohio, October 16, 1846, and is a son of Andrew G. and Lavina (Sharp) Hanna, who became the parents of four sons and two daughters. Of the surviving children Dr. Frank Hanna of this review is the eldest; Andrew has long been identified with mining operations and is now a resident of Colorado; Ruth is the wife of J. M. Dinwiddle, president of the Cedar Rapids Savings Bank, Cedar Rapids, Iowa. Andrew G. Hanna was born in Pennsylvania, and was engaged in the milling business in Richland County, near Mansfield, Ohio, many years. Both he and his wife came to Iowa City, Iowa, in 1852, and resided in this state up to the time of their death. Both were earnest members of the Presbyterian Church, and he was a stalwart advocate of the principles of the Republican party. One of the sons, the late Col. John T. Hanna, served during the entire period of the Civil war, and gained prominence as a sharpshooter. He was advanced to the rank of lieutenant colonel, and he continued in service after the close of the war, in command of a negro regiment, his honorable discharge having been accorded in the latter part of the year 1866.


The early education of Dr. Frank Hanna was acquired in Iowa City. He was a youth when he came to Iowa and gained his measure of pioneer honors. In preparing for his profession he profited by the advantages of the medical department of the University of Iowa and took further studies in a leading medical school in the City of Chicago. During the first tow years of his professional career he was engaged in practice at Iowa City, the seat of the University of Iowa, and on the 9th of April, 1873, he established his residence at Walnut, Pottawattamie County, which place was at that time a mere hamlet. Here he has continued in the practice of his profession during the long intervening years, and in years of continuous practice he is now the virtual dean of his profession in this county. He is an honored member of the Pottawattamie County Medical Society, the Cass County Medical Society and the Iowa State Medical Society.


Doctor Hanna has ever been loyal and progressive as a citizen, is a staunch Republican in political allegiance, is affiliated with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, and his wife is an active member of the Presbyterian Church in her home community, where likewise she has long been a loved personality in the communal social life.


In 1880 Doctor Hanna was united in marriage to Miss Huldah Vanderburg, who was born in the State of New York, and who was reared and educated in Iowa, her father, James D. Vanderburg, who had been a tanner in the old Empire State, having become one of the pioneer farmers of Iowa, where he and his wife passed the remainder of their lives. Doctor and Mrs. Hanna have no children, but during the long years of their residence in Walnut the children of the community have been numbered among their most loyal and appreciative friends, as one generation has followed another.



Edward A. Hansen, the popular and efficient postmaster of Holstein, was born June 8, 1896, at Wall Lake, Iowa, and is the eldest of the six children in the family of Hans C. and Mary (Kastner) Hansen. The father was a native of Germany and became an expert cabinetmaker. He came to the United States early in the '80s and first located in Sac county, Iowa, where he married Miss Kastner. She was a native of Benton county, this state, and a daughter of Henry Kastner.

Edward A. Hansen was reared and educated in Ida county and after leaving high school became a clerk in a general store. He was thus employed for six years and in 1920, during the Wilson administration, was chosen postmaster of Holstein. He was reappointed by President Coolidge and has demonstrated that he is the right man for the office. He is devoted to the interests entrusted to his care and his work has been highly satisfactory.

On January 14, 1918, Mr. Hansen married Miss Bessie Mae Kitchen, one of the eight children born to Henry and Ann Kitchen. Mr. and Mrs. Hansen have three children: Earl H., Lois E. and Edward, Jr. They are affiliated with the Methodist Episcopal church and Mr. Hansen is a strong advocate of the platform and principles of the republican party. He is a young man of worth and ability, thoroughly qualified for the responsibilities devolving upon him, and holds a high place in the esteem of the citizens of Holstein.



For thirty-eight years Parker W. Harding has been a member of the Iowa bar and for more than a quarter of a century has practiced in Denison, where his thorough preparation of his cases and devotion to the interests entrusted to him have brought him a large clientele. Mr. Harding was born at Shelburne, Nova Scotia, Canada, on the 27th of October, 1863, and is the only child born to the union of Simeon and Margaret (McTuhae) Harding. His father was for many years a sea captain and master mariner but later in life retired and came to the United States, locating in Council Bluffs, Iowa, where his death occurred in 1918. The mother passed away one year later.

Having acquired his elementary education in the public schools of Nova Scotia, Parker W. Harding then attended the College of Arcadia, and later took up the study of law. In 1888 he went to Charter Oak, Iowa, where he completed his law studies and in 1890 was admitted to the bar. He practiced his profession at Charter Oak until 1900, when he came to Denison, Monona county, where he has continued in practice to the present time. Well versed in the basic principles of jurisprudence, and keeping in close touch with precedents and the latest court decisions, he has won success in the practice and has gained a large and representative clientele. He is a member of the Monona County Bar Association, the Iowa State Bar Association and the American Bar Association.

In 1890 Mr. Harding was united in marriage to Miss Margaret M. Keran, daughter of Charles H. Keran, of Dow City, Iowa. Mrs. Harding studied law under her husband's direction, was admitted to the bar in 1892, and they now practice together in the state, federal and United States supreme courts. She is active in the club, civic and social life of Denison and is extremely popular among her associates. Politically Mr. Harding is a stanch supporter of the republican party, while his religious faith is that of the Methodist Episcopal church, of which he is a trustee. He belongs to the Denison Chamber of Commerce and has ever stood ready to cooperate with his fellow citizens in all efforts to advance the prosperity or general welfare of the community. Mr. and Mrs. Harding have a beautiful home in Denison, where the genuine spirit of hospitality is always in evidence. Mr. Harding's favorite diversion is traveling, and he is also fond of golf as a means of recreation. Genial and friendly in his social relations, he has gained a wide acquaintance throughout Monona county and is universally regarded as one of its representative citizens, as well as leading lawyers.

HARRIS, WILLIAM JAMES (submitted by Harriet Wee 2005) Added here in 2007.

       harriswmjames.jpg (4078 bytes)

William James Harris in his Civil War Uniform.

        harriswjgrave.jpg (57052 bytes)


William James Harris was born March 8, 1844 in Maury Co., Tennessee. He was raised in Iowa where his family moved when he was 10 years old and lived there until the early 1900s. He later migrated to Montana, then finally to Washington State where he died. His father, Daniel Mathias Harris was a prominent man, an Iowa State Representative, a Judge, Lawyer, and newspaper editor. When this family first moved to Iowa in about 1854, they first settled in Audobon Co, then later in Guthrie Co. and finally in Harrison Co.


In August 1862, William James "Jim" Harris enlisted at Des Moines, Iowa, in Company B, 39th Iowa Infantry, to serve in the Civil war -- he was taken prisoner on October 5, 1864, at the Battle of Alatoona, Georgia and incarcerated at Andersonville Prison until he was paroled in February 1865.

William James "Jim" Harris died in Washington state, February 18, 1943, at the age of 98 years -- two weeks before his 99th birthday.

Rank at enlistment: Corporal 6th Class -Aug. 22, 1862
Rank at discharge: Full Sergeant 3rd Class - May 24, 1865 Discharge location: Davenport, Iowa

P.O.W. - captured October 5, 1864 at the Battle of Altoona, GA. Paroled Feb. 1865

Harshbarger, Henry H


Henry Harshbarger was born near Dayton, Ohio, Aug. 30, 1838.  Soon after his beirth, the family moved to Indiana, then on to Iowa where Mr. Harshbarger grew to manhood and where he has since resided except during the years given to the service of his country in the Civil war.  He enlisted from Keokuk county in Co. B of the 36th Iowa Infantry in Aug. 1862, and became sergeant of his company.  He served until the close of the war.  In April, 1864 he was captured together with many others, among them was the late Dr. J. D. McVay, by the Confederates and was confined in their prison at Tyler, Texas, until Feb. 26, 1865.


He was married on June 24, 1868, to Mary McVay, who died Aug. 30, 1882.  To this union were born ten children, one dying in childhood.  The nine who survive their father are as follows: John B., Carroll, Iowa; Jacob, Des Moines; C. H., Cooper, Iowa; Mrs. Geo. Grimm, Rockwell City; Mrs. Jacob Wingerson, Terrill, Iowa; Mrs. Clinton Taylor, Lake City; J. E., Belt, Mont; J. F. and Herbert of Lanesboro.


Mr. Harshbarger came to Lake City in 1875, living at first on a farm.  In 1888 he moved to town where he has since resided.  For a number of years he was in the employ of the R. R. company, working in the roundhouse.  Then for several years he carried mail.


On April 7 1897, the deceased was united in marriage to Mrs. Deborah Frame who has been a true helpmeet to him in his declining years.


Mr. Harshbarger was a man known to all and respected by all.  He was a man of strict integrity.  He was a member of the Methodist church having united in 1894.  He was a member of Zerubbabel Lodge, No. 240.


Besides his wife and children, he leaves to mourn his death, twenty eight grandchildren, twelve great grand children and many other relatives and friends of many years standing.


He has been failing in health for a number of years.  The final illness dates from about three weeks before his demise which took place at about 7:30 Saturday morning, Jan. 1, 1916 at the age of 77 years, 4 months and 1 day.


The funeral services were conducted on Jan. 3, in the Methodist church.  Rev. Thos. Cloud, Chaplain of Lander Post G.A.R., offered prayer at the home, Rev. A. H. Bryan, pastor of the Methodist church, delivered the sermon, and Rev. C. O. Stuckenbruck of the Church of Christ read the scripture lesson and offered prayer in the church.  The church edifice was filled with a concourse of relatives and friends, the G.A.R. Post and Zerubbabel lodge attending in a body.  The body was laid to rest in the Lake City cemetery, the burial services being conducted by the Masonic order in accordance with the wish of the deceased.


~Submitted by Geo. B Carpenter, Source of article unknown

~Transcribed by MaryAlice Schwanke


ELDEN J. HARTSHORN, soldier and legislator, was born in Lunenburg, Vermont, June 16, 1842.  He was educated in the public schools and St. Johnsbury Academy where he prepared for college.  In 1862 he enlisted in Company E, Fifteenth Vermont Volunteers, and was soon promoted to second lieutenant.  He was offered a West Point cadetship, but declined to leave the service.  In 1864 Lieutenant Hartshorn was promoted to captain of Company G, Seventeenth Vermont Infantry and joined Burnside's Ninth Army Corps in the Army of the Potomac.  The regiment was in the battles of the Wilderness, Spottsylvania, Tolopotomy Creek, North Anna River, Bethesda Church, Gold Harbor, Petersburg and the fall of Richmond.  At the close of the war Captain Hartshorn studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1869 and coming west the following year, located at Emmetsburg, in Palo Alto County, Iowa.  Here he was land agent for the Milwaukee Railroad and represented many non-resident land owners.  In 1873 he was elected Representative in the House of the Fifteenth General Assembly from the district consisting of the counties of Pocahontas, Buena Vista, Palo Alto and Emmet.  He was elected to the Senate in 1875 serving in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth General Assemblies.  In 1898 Captain Hartshorn was appointed to a position in the Interior Department at Washington.


~1903 Biographies



MARTIN HARDSOCG has proved himself a man of thought and action, progress has been his watchword, courage and determination have been his constructive implements, and his genius and his powers have worked not only to his advantage but also to the industrial prestige of the State of Iowa and its City of Ottumwa, the judicial center of Wapello County, where he has developed manufacturing establishments and enterprises of major importance. Further interest attaches to the career of this honored and self made captain of industry by the reason of the fact that he was reared in Wapello County, where his parents established the family home in the early pioneer days and when he was a lad of but five years. Work and service indicated this man of thought and action, and he has not only won but also merited the substantial success that has attended his well ordered efforts. Though he has passed the psalmist's span of three score years and ten Mr. Hardsocg still functions as the executive head of the three great industrial concerns that he has built up in the City of Ottumwa - the Hardsocg Manufacturing Company, the Hardsocg Wonder Drill Company and the Hardsocg Well Drill Company. He is president of each of these corporations.


Martin Hardsocg, inventor and manufacturer, was born in Germany, April 20, 1852, and is a son of Christopher and Caroline Hardsocg, who, with their son and daughter, came to the United Stats in 1857, they having disembarked in the port of New York City and having thence continued their westward journey to Iowa. From Burlington, this state, they drove overland to Agency, Wapello County, where they established a new home in a new land. Christopher Hardsocg had been identified with linen manufacturing in his native land, but his implacable objection to the enforced military service demanded in Germany led to his immigration to the United States and to the initiation of his pioneer experiences in Iowa, which state was then on the virtual frontier. His limited financial resources were exhausted at the time of his arrival in Wapello County, and both he and his wife worked at such odd jobs as they could find, the absence of flax having precluded their working at linen-making, in which they were skilled. Mr. Hardsocg constructed a rude wheelbarrow with which to haul wood for fires in the log house that he rented at Agency, where he later erected for the family a substantial brick house. Christopher Hardsocg struggled valiantly against adverse conditions, and by hard work made provision for his family. He assisted in construction of the Chicago & Rock Island Railroad, and later worked as a section man on its line. The passing years brought him a greater degree of independence, and he never regretted having come to the United States and to the Hawkeye State, where he died at the age of seventy-nine years, his wife likewise having died at a venerable age and the subject of this review being their only son.


Martin Hartsocg was reared under the conditions and influences that marked the pioneer days in Wapello County. Here as a boy he learned the English language, and here he received limited training in the pioneer schools. At the age of fifteen years he began his apprenticeship to the trade of blacksmith, his compensation during his three years of apprenticeship having been fifty dollars a year and his board. He liked working in metals and became a skilled artisan. He worked at his trade at Smoky Hollow, a coal mining camp near Ottumwa, and there he established a shop of his own, in a building constructed from waste strips from a saw mill. He was nineteen years of age when he there married Mrs. Malinda Edwards, a widowed stepdaughter of his former employer, George Thornton, and thereafter he followed his trade at other points in Wapello County, his rather negative success having led him to find employment in a stone quarry one summer, and his experience in this connection having been of value to him when he later invented his now celebrated Little Wonder drill. He was employed in coal mines about four years, and for a time he was employed at the Grimes Wagon Works, Ottumwa, and in this city he established permanent residence in 1880. In the meanwhile he had engaged in the manufacturing of his hand-power drill for use in coal mines, and had sold the drills personally at various mines in this section of the state. Study, experimentation and experience enabled him to make improvements in drilling devices and tool hardening, and his Wonder drill eventually became known and was used in mining operations throughout the United States, as well as in foreign lands. His first factory, one of most modest order, was at Avery, Monroe County, and after centering his interests at Ottumwa he here built up the great manufacturing concerns that perpetuate and honor his name and the products of which find demand far and wide. He became one of the nation's successful manufacturers of well drills, mining tools, etc., and the factories have kept pace with the march of improvement and progress in the passing years. The Hardsocg industries at Ottumwa have contributed greatly to the commercial prestige of Iowa, and stand as enduring monuments to their honored founder. Mr. Hardsocg has recently sold his interest in large part to his sons, but he still continues to be financially and in an executive way connected with the splendid concerns that were developed by him.


Mr. Hardsocg has been one of the world's constructive workers, a reliable and successful business man and a loyal and appreciative citizen. He has had no desire for participation in socalled practical politics, but is well fortified in his convictions and gives staunch allegiance to the movements of the day.


The year 1871 recorded the marriage of Mr. Hardsocg to Mrs. Malinda (Webb)Edwards, and their children are six in number, two of them being of the first marriage of Mrs. Hardsocg, whose first husband had been a loyal soldier of the Union in the Civil war, his death having occurred within a comparatively short time after the close of that conflict.




EDWARD HATCH was born in the State of Maine in 1832.  He removed to Iowa and at the beginning of the Civil War was living at Muscatine where he was engaged in the lumber business.  In August, 1861, Mr. Hatch was appointed major in the Second Iowa Cavalry.  He rose rapidly to the rank of lieutenant-colonel and in June, 1862, was commissioned colonel of the regiment.  He was an excellent cavalry officer and distinguished himself in many brilliant engagements while in command of that famous regiment.  He was often in command of a brigade and in the spring of 1864 he was promoted to Brigadier-General.  After the close of the war he was appointed colonel in the regular army and placed in command of the Ninth Cavalry.  During his entire military career he was engaged in nearly a hundred battles.  He served on the western frontier against the Indians up to the time of his death, which occurred from an accident near Fort Robinson, Nebraska, in April, 1889.


FRANK HATTON was born at Cadiz, Ohio, on the 28th of April, 1846, receiving his education in his father's printing office.  He enlisted in the Union army in 1864 and became a lieutenant before the war closed.  Soon after his father removed to Mount Pleasant, Iowa, and became the owner of the Journal where the son continued to assist in the office, until his father's death when he became the proprietor of the establishment.  He was a warm friend of Senator James Harlan and in the contest for reelection in 1872, was one of the Senator's strongest supporters.  After Mr. Harlan's defeat Mr. Hatton removed to Burlington where he became the editor of the daily Hawkeye and was appointed postmaster of the city.  When President Garfield was inaugurated Mr. Hatton was appointed First Assistant Postmaster-General and upon the resignation of Mr. Gresham he succeeded him at the head of the Post-Office Department, becoming a member of President Arthur's Cabinet.  He was at one time chairman of the Republican State Central Committee of Iowa.  He removed to Washington D. C., and became one of the editors of the daily Post where he died on the 30th of April, 1894.




Standing for many years among the leading and most influential citizens of Monona county, and evincing his faith in the prosperity and the future of the county by large investments in its farm lands, Julius M. Hathaway is entitled to specific mention in the permanent record of the annals of this section of the state.

Mr. Hathaway is a native of Iowa, born at Council Bluffs on the 17th of April, 1855, and is a son of William N. and Rachael (Sweet) Hathaway. The mother was born in London, Ontario, Canada, whence in young girlhood she was brought to the United States by her parents. The father was born in North Wilbraham, Hampden county, Massachusetts, and at an early age moved to Cortland county, New York, and was there reared and educated. Later he moved to Michigan, where he lived for a time, and in 1848 came to Council Bluffs, Iowa. In 1856 he came to Monona county, where he acquired land and thereafter engaged in farming until his death, which occurred in 1898. His wife passed away in 1887.

In 1863 Mr. and Mrs. Hathaway made a trip overland to California, returning the following year. There were no railroads and their experiences were sometimes thrilling and dangerous. They were harassed by Indians and at one time met a band of eight hundred redskins. However, by diplomacy they succeeded in gaining the friendship of the Indians, and they made their round-trip journey without injury.

Julius M. Hathaway attended the public schools of Monona county and then assisted his father on the home farm until twenty-five years of age. He then entered politics, being elected to the office of justice of the peace and other township offices. In 1891 he was elected county treasurer, serving four years, and was also a member of the school board for many years. He was engaged for a time in the formation of farm organizations, and was elected to represent Monona and Ida counties in the state legislature, serving in the twenty-seventh general assembly. Mr. Hathaway next engaged in the agricultural implement business for four years, at the end of which time he returned to the home farm, buying the interests of the other heirs in the place, and operated it for eighteen years with marked success. He then moved to Onawa and became secretary of the Monona County Mutual Insurance Company, holding that position three years, and also serving as agent for the Iowa Tornado Mutual Insurance Company. During these years Mr. Hathaway wisely invested from time to time in Monona county land and is now the owner of about nineteen hundred acres.

On June 18, 1879, in Sheboygan, Wisconsin, Mr. Hathaway was united in marriage to Miss Clara Normand, who was a school teacher prior to her marriage. To their union have been born the following children: Edith, who is the wife of J. E. McNamara, of Castana, Iowa, editor of the Castana Times; Georgia, who is the wife of Arthur Whitehorn, of Great Falls, Montana, and her twin sister, Genevieve, who is the wife of Warren Winegar, of Turin, Iowa; Delwin B., who is a farmer in Monona county, as is William Newton; and Ruth, the wife of J. D. Stone, who also is a farmer in Monona county.

Politically Mr. Hathaway has always given his support to the democratic party and has been interested in public affairs. he served one year as mayor of Onawa, six years as a member of the city council, and six years as a member of the school board, being a member of the committee which had in charge the erection of the present school buildings. During the World war he rendered effective service as a member of the county council of defense. He has done a great deal of traveling, visiting many parts of the United States, as well as foreign lands. He is a close reader, keeps well informed on the great questions of the day, and is a splendid conversationalist and an agreeable companion. Because of his splendid public record, his business success and his attractive personality, he is easily accorded a place in the front rank of the citizens of his county.


HORACE M. HAVNER has been engaged in the practice of the law for more than a quarter of a century, and has a secure place as one of the able and successful members of that profession, having served his native state for two terms as attorney general. He is now established in practice in Des Moines, where his law business is one of a substantial and representative nature. He has given special attention to corporation law and has won standing both as a trial lawyer and counsellor. Besides being a lawyer of note he has achieved marked success as a business man. He has dealt largely in real estate, especially Iowa lands, and now owns and operates several Iowa farms. He also has large interests in Iowa as an executive. His offices are maintained in the Insurance Exchange Building.


Mr. Havner is a representative of the third generation of the Havner family in Iowa, and was born on a farm in Wayne County November 22, 1871. David Havner, grandfather of the subject of this review, was born and reared in Lincoln County, North Carolina. From North Carolina he came with his family to the West and numbered himself among the sterling pioneer settlers in Washington Township, Wayne County, Iowa, where he obtained a quarter-section of land and reclaimed the same into a productive farm. On this pioneer homestead he and his wife passed the closing years of their lives.


Horace M. Mavner is a son of John D. and Rachel (Moore) Havner, the former of whom was born in North Carolina and the latter in Ohio. The marriage of the parents occurred in Wayne County, Iowa, both having been young when the respective families there made settlement in the early '50s. The father of Rachel Moore Havner was Burris Moore, who was born in Pennsylvania, later became a resident of Ohio, and finally numbered himself among the pioneer farmers in Wayne County, Iowa, where he and his wife remained until the close of their lives. John D. Havner assisted in the reclaiming and developing of the pioneer home farm in Wayne County, and there he eventually engaged in farm enterprise in an independent way. He represented the Hawkeye State as a gallant soldier of the Union in the Civil war, in which he served from 1862 until the close of the great conflict between the North and the South in 1865. He was a member of Company I, Fourth Iowa Cavalry, and the history of that command constitutes a virtual record of his active military service. He was a Republican in politics, and he and his wife were zealous members of the Methodist Episcopal Church, both having continued to maintain their home in Wayne County until their death and he having been long and actively affiliated with the Grand Army of the Republic. Of the five children three survive the honored parents: Frank holds a position with the Pershing Coal Company at Pershing, Marion County, Iowa; Horace M., of this sketch, is the next younger; and Nellie is the wife of M. T. Brewer, M. D., who is a representative physician and surgeon engaged in practice in the City of Des Moines. It may be noted in this connection that Doctor Brewer was for a number of years a resident of Mexico, and there served as an official surgeon for the Mexican Central Railroad. In the World war period he served as a member of the Medical Corps of the United States Army.


The district school near the old home farm in Wayne County afforded Horace M. Havner his preliminary education, and thereafter he continued his studies four years in Simpson College, this state. In June, 1899, he completed his course in the law department of the University of Iowa, and his reception of the degree of Bachelor of Laws was forthwith followed by his admission to the bar of his native state. At Marengo, the county seat of Iowa County, he initiated the practice of his profession and there became the junior member of the law firm of Popham & Havner, in which his coadjutor was the Hon. R. G. Popham, who is now serving on the bench of the Eighth Judicial District of the state. This partnership alliance continued until January, 1917, when Judge Popham took his position on the district bench, and his partner, Mr. Havner, entered service as attorney general of Iowa, both having been elected in November of the preceding year.

Mr. Havner reached the position of attorney general by very natural processes. He had become an outstanding trial lawyer, his practice being varied and general. He had evinced resourcefulness and skill, and had achieved large success in prosecuting leading violators of the prohibitory laws of the state. Mr. Havner tried the cases t put the open saloon out of Iowa County, his home county, Johnson County, Mahaska County and Polk County, the county which included the capital of the state, Des Moines, in which were located eighty-six open saloons at the time the judgment of Ouster was entered. The people thought they saw in him not only the efficient lawyer, but a man of courage, and a man who had the will and ambition to succeed in the position. His friends think they were not mistaken.


In the position of attorney general he gave a characteristically loyal and efficient administration, was the incumbent of this office from January, 1917, until January, 1921, and thus he was in service during the entire period of the nation's participation in the World war and consequently had to deal with many problems and questions of exceptional importance. While thus maintaining his executive headquarters in Des Moines, the capital city, he continued to keep open his law office at Marengo, as senior member of the law firm of Havner & Hatter, which became the virtual successor to the business of the original law firm of Popham & Havner. After retiring from the office of attorney general Mr. Havner resumed his law practice at Marengo, but since June, 1923, he has maintained his home and professional headquarters in Des Moines.

During his term as attorney general of Iowa he prosecuted some of the most important cases in the legal annals of the state, among which were the Villisca Ax Murder case, in which eight people were killed on the night of June 9, 1912; the famous Rathburn and O'Meara rape case at Ida Grove, Iowa, in connection with which occurred the impeachment proceedings with reference to Gov. W. L.Harding. In the trial of this case a suit was brought by Mr. Havner as attorney general to cancel the pardon issued by Governor Harding to Ernest Rathburn. This last suit established for the first time in the judicial history of Iowa the right to cancel by legal procedure a pardon issued by the governor where there was fraud used by the person procuring the same.


In retrospection-while serving as attorney general of Iowa Mr. Havner derives much pride and satisfaction that he had as assistant attorney generals some of the most prominent men in the state today, namely: Judge Horace H.Carter of Corydon, Iowa, Judge Freeman C. Davidson of Emmetsburg, Iowa, Justice James W. Kindig of the Supreme Court of Iowa, Sioux City, Iowa, Judge Shelby Cullison of Harlan, Iowa (now deceased), W. R. C. Kendrick, insurance commissioner of Iowa, Des Moines, Iowa, Hon. J. W. Sandusky of New Hampton, Iowa, B. J. Powers of Des Moines, Iowa.


The political allegiance of Mr. Havner is given to the Republican party; he has been influential in its councils in Iowa, has done his share in speaking in many political campaigns, and from this state he was a delegate to the Republican National Convention of 1912, which met in Chicago. On retiring from the office of attorney general he was a candidate for the Republican nomination for governor, and although he failed to reach the goal he made a most creditable showing both in the primary and in the convention, which had to select from the four aspirants. He is affiliated with both York and Scottish Rite bodies of the Masonic fraternity, and while a student in the University of Iowa he there became affiliated with the Phi Delta Phi law fraternity. He and his wife are earnest members of the Grace Methodist Episcopal Church in their home city, and he is serving as a member of its Board of Trustees. While living at Margeno his prominence as a lay member of the church was signalized by his being elected four times to membership in the General Conference, the conferences of 1908, 1912, 1916 and 1920, and by his being a member for eighteen years of the Book Committee, the directing functionary when the General Conference is not in session, of that great world religious organization. As a young man Mr. Havner upheld the military honors of the family name by volunteering for and entering service in the Spanish-American war. He enlisted soon after war was declared, in 1898, and became a member of Company I, Fiftieth Iowa Volunteer Infantry, his command having been stationed at Jacksonville, Florida, at the time the war closed, and he having soon afterward received his honorable discharge.


On the 3rd of January, 1900, was solemnized the marriage of Mr. Havner and Miss Ada Dean, who was born in Pottawattamie County, Iowa, daughter of the late Warren Dean, who was born in the State of Rhode Island and who came to Iowa about 1856 and established himself as a pioneer farmer in Pottawattamie County, he having been one of the substantial and honored pioneer citizens of the Hawkeye State at the time of his death, and having represented this state as a loyal soldier of the Union during three years of the Civil war. Mrs. Havner and her daughters are members of the Daughters of the American Revolution, gaining their membership on the maternal side. Mrs. Havner is a daughter of Georgianna (Hardenburgh) Dean, who recently passed away at the age of eighty-five. She was a pioneer of Iowa, and was descended from an early Dutch family who emigrated from Holland to Germany, then settled in America, coming to Pine Bush, Ulster County, New York, from whence her parents journeyed West in the early 1850's, settling in Cass County, Iowa. Mrs. Havner passed the period of her childhood and early youth on the home farm, and she supplemented the discipline of the public schools by four years of study at Simpson College.


Ada Dean, elder of the two children of Mr. and Mrs. Havner, was graduated from the home economics department of Iowa State College at Ames, and she is now the wife of Kenneth Jones, a landscape architect, their home being in Davenport, Iowa. Rachel Moore Havner, the younger daughter, remains at the at the parental home, she having received the advantages of the celebrated Ward-Belmont School in the City of Nashville, Tennessee, and is now a student in her Junior year in the home economics department of Iowa State College at Ames, Iowa.


August 4, 1844 – January 27, 1904

John Henry HAYS was born on August 4, 1844 in Jefferson County, Ohio, the son of James R. HAYS (1808- ) and Rachel M. (LEE) HAYS PATTERSON (1822-1914). John spent most of his childhood and youth in Ohio before the HAYS family moved west in 1859. They settled on a farm in Mahaska County, Iowa, where John worked until he enlisted at the age of 18 in the Union Army on January 11, 1864. He was mustered into Company F of the 4th Iowa Cavalry on January 21, 1864.

John's enlistment records describe him as being 5' 4" with dark hair.

Seven days after General LEE surrendered, a Union cavalry force led by General J. H. WILSON moved on Columbus, Georgia, to secure the city's naval yards, weapons factories and supply depots.

On the afternoon and evening of April 16, 1865, the 3rd and 4th Iowa Cavalry, dismounted and advanced to capture Confederate entrenchments protecting the bridge over the Chattahoochee River. The regiment entered the works and continued down the entrenchments capturing the defenders.

Private HAYS was in the lead assault group and captured a Confederate flag. The leather badge on the flag states, "This flag was captured by Private John H. HAYS, Company F, 4th Iowa Cavalry, 1st Brigade, 4th Division Cavalry Corps, MDM, at Columbus, Georgia, April 16, 1865. Private HAYS captured standard and bearer, who tore it from the staff and tried to escape, firing his revolver and wounding one man from the 4th Iowa Cavalry."

For his actions on April 16, 1865 at Columbus, Georgia, Private John Henry HAYS was awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor on June 17, 1865. His citation reads: "Capture of flag inside the enemy's works, contesting for its possession with its bearer."

Other Iowans from the 4th Cavalry involved in this action who received the Medal of Honor were Sgt. Norman Francis BATES, Pvt. Edward BEBB, Sgt. Horatio BIRDSALL, Pvt. Richard COSGRIFF, and Cpl. Richard MORGAN; and Pvt. Andrew TIBBETS of the 3rd Iowa Cavalry.

The flag that Pvt. HAYS captured was the 2nd National flag of the Confederacy and was identified by the War Department as item No. 444. The flag was presented to the State of Iowa by order of the Secretary of War in 1905. It is currently in the collections of the State Historical Society of Iowa at Des Moines.

During the war, Pvt. HAYS sustained a number of injuries. In May of 1864 he was struck by falling bridge timber; in January of 1865 he received a gunshot wound to his left hand thumb; and was wounded again in February of 1865. John was mustered out of service at Atlanta, Georgia, on August 8, 1864.

John returned to the family farm in Mahaska County, Iowa, leaving in 1868 to marry Nancy COX. He shortly afterward opened a blacksmith shop in Greenfield, Iowa. The couple moved to Stockton, Kansas, in 1873, then to Troy, Idaho, in 1888. After his blacksmith shop in Troy burned, John turned to prospecting and experienced some success in silver mining. He was appointed city marshal of Troy in 1894, serving in that capacity until his death.

On January 27, 1904, Marshal HAYS attempted to arrest Paine SLY for domestic abuse. SLY fired a Springfield rifle several times, striking Marshal HAYS in the throat. Although he was fatally wounded, Marshal HAYS returned fire and wounded SLY in the hand. SLY, who was captured by angry citizens, was tried and convicted of 2nd-degree murder. He was sentenced to life in prison at hard labor. SLY was paroled in 1909 and fully pardoned in 1910.

Marshal HAYS died from his wounds the same day he was shot. He was interred at Moscow Cemetery, Moscow, Latah County, Idaho. He was survived by his wife and four children.

READ MORE ABOUT IT: Iowa's Medal of Honor recipients, IAGenWeb's Iowa in the Civil War site
Compilation by Sharon R Becker, January of 2012


ALBERT HEAD was born November 25, 1838, in Highland County, Ohio.  He was reared on a farm and in 1855 came overland in an emigrant wagon to Iowa, locating in Poweshiek County.  He taught school several years, studied law, gaining admission to the bar in 1859.  At the same time he was engaged in publishing the Montezuma Republican in company with Colonel S. F. Cooper. In 1861 Mr. Head assisted in the organization of Company F. Tenth Iowa Volunteers, and was commissioned captain.  In 1863 he was promoted to Assistant Adjutant-General, serving on the staff of Generals Matthies, McPherson and Raum.  He was several times wounded in the battles of Corinth, Champion's Hill and Vicksburg.  Immediately after the close of the  war Captain Head settled at Jefferson in Greene County where he resumed the practice of law and was interested in several business enterprises, becoming president of a number of banks.  He was president of the Greene County Agricultural Society and a trustee of Drake University.  In 1883 he was elected Representative in the Twentieth General Assembly and was reelected to the Twenty-first and chosen Speaker of the House of Representatives, and again reelected to the Twenty-second and Twenty-third General Assemblies.  He has served as president and treasurer of the State Agricultural Society.




The most elaborate history is necessarily an abridgement, the historian being compelled to select his facts from a multitude of details; so in presenting the biography of an individual in a work of this character the writer needs only touch the most salient points, leaving out much that is superfluous. In recording the following facts in the life of Henry A. Headington it is found that his record has fully entitled him to the high place which he holds in the business circles of his city and that he has well deserved the prosperity which he now enjoys. Mr. Headington is a native son of the state in which he now lives, having been born at Decorah on the 1st day of March, 1876, and is a son of Thomas and Caroline (Wepler) Headington, who were early settlers in Winneshiek county, where the father engaged in farming to the time of his death, in 1890. He was survived many years by his widow, who passed away in 1917.


Henry A. Headington acquired his education in the public schools of Decorah and Mason City, and entered upon the study of law in the office of Cliggett & Rule, at Mason City. In 1895 he came to Sioux City, and entered the office of the New York Life Insurance Company, being in the accounts department two years. He then went to the Northwestern National Bank, where he served as bookkeeper and teller for three years, after which he joined the Warfield, Pratt, Howell Company, with which he remained two years. In 1904 Mr. Headington engaged in the produce business under the firm name of Mable & Headington, which a year later became Headington & Hedenbergh, and of which firm he is secretary and treasurer.


On September 21, 1898, in Sioux City, Mr. Headington was married to Miss Cora Anderson, and they now have two children, Dorothy, who is the wife of Thomas F. Harrington, Jr., and Thomas. Mr. Headington is a stanch democrat in his political views, while fraternally he is a member of Tyrian lodge No. 508, A. F. and A. M.; Columbian Commandery, No. 18, K. T.; Sioux City Consistory, No. 5, A. A. S. R.; and Abu-Bekr Temple, A. A. O. N. M. S.; and also Sioux City Lodge, No. 112, B. P. O. E. He belongs to the Sioux City Boat Club, the Cosmopolitan Club, the Nebraska and Iowa Fruit Men's Association, and the Western Fruit Jobbers' Association. He is devoted closely to his business affairs, but does not permit the pursuit of wealth to interfere with his duty to his community and his neighbors, for he has always maintained a commendable interest in everything pertaining to the progress and welfare of Sioux City. Mrs. Headington also is public-spirited in her support of worthy local institutions, being president of the library board and a member of the board of directors of the Maternity Hospital. Their home is characterized by a spirit of hospitality and good cheer and they are extremely popular members of the circles in which they move.



The name of Jess C. Headington occupies a prominent place on the list of Sioux City's active, successful and well-liked citizens. His record as a public official has been a most commendable one, being marked by strict fidelity to duty, while as a business man he gained marked prestige for sound judgment and discrimination. He was born in Winneshiek county, Iowa, on the 17th of March, 1881, and is a son of Thomas and Cariline (Weplor) Headington, who were early settlers in Winneshiek county, where the father was engaged in farming to the time of his death, which occurred in 1890. He was survived many years by his widow, who passed away in 1917.

Having secured his early education in the public schools of his native county, Jess C. Headington then took a course in a business college. When eighteen years of age, he and two of his brothers engaged in business in Mason City, remaining there five years, and on September 1, 1903, he came to Sioux City and engaged in the fruit business with his brother Henry, under the firm name of Mabie & Headington. He was identified with that undertaking for twelve years and then turned his attention to the fruit brokerage business and still later engaged in the real estate business. In 1918 Mr. Headington was elected treasurer of Woodbury county, filling the office for a term of two years.

In 1922 he was elected a member of the city council and was re-elected in 1924. He now holds the office of commissioner of finance of Sioux City. He has given conscientious attention to the duties of all positions held by him and has thereby gained a large and loyal following throughout the city.

On April 14, 1908, Mr. Headington was united in marriage to Miss Florence Robinson, daughter of Elijah and Della (Flint) Robinson, natives of Illinois, who moved to South Dakota in an early day and in 1890 came to Sioux City.

Mr. and Mrs. Headington have three children, June Corine, Vergene and Darlene Jessie. Mr. Headington is an earnest supporter of the democratic party and has been active and influential in local public affairs. During the World war he took a prominent part in the Liberty loan and Red Cross drives. He is a member of Landmark Lodge, No. 103, A. F. & A. M.; Sioux City Consistory, No. 5, A. & A. S. R.m and Abu-Bekr Temple, A. A. O. N. M. S. He also belongs to the Benevolent Protective Order of Elks and the Knights of Pythias, to the Sioux City Chamber of Commerce, the Shore Acre Boat Club, and was formerly a member of the Rotary Club. His religious faith is that of the Church of Christ, Scientist. He is a strong and persistent booster for Sioux City and has at all times cooperated in all movements for its betterment and the advancement of its prosperity. He is a consistent man in all that he does, has been loyal and true in all the relations of life and is held in the highest regard by his fellow citizens.


1903 Biography


THOMAS HEDGE was born at Burlington in the Territory of Iowa, on the 24th of June, 1844.  He received a college education, graduating from Yale in 1867 and from Columbia Law Department in 1869.  He served as a lieutenant in a New York regiment during the Civil War and, returning to Burlington, entered upon the practice of law.  In 1898 he was elected on the Republican ticket to Congress from the First District, was reelected in 1900 and again in 1902.


HEDGES, CHRISTIAN was born in Richland county, Ohio, May 3, 1830; he died at Marengo, Iowa, February 26, 1913. Though his early years were spent on a farm, he received a good academic education and later graduated from the Cincinnati Law School. He commenced the practice of law at Mansfield, Ohio, but went to California during the gold excitement in 1849, and remained there ten years. He returned east and located in Marengo, Iowa, where he continued the practice of law, ranking as the oldest lawyer in Iowa county at the time of his death. At the outbreak of the Civil War he recruited Company G, Seventh Iowa Infantry, was elected Captain and served until near the close of the war. He was elected Senator from Iowa county to the Eighteenth General Assembly, and before the expiration of the term was elected circuit judge of the Eighth District, holding that position from 1881 to 1886.

~ "Notable Deaths" Annals of Iowa. Vol. XI, No. 4. Pp. 238-39. Historical Society of Iowa. Des Moines. January, 1914.
~ Transcription by Sharon R. Becker

JOHN M. HEDRICK was born in Rush County, Indiana, on the 16th of December, 1832.  He received but a common school education yet qualified himself for teaching by the time he was seventeen years of age.  For three years he worked on his father's farm summers, teaching winters.  He came to Iowa and opened a store in Ottumwa but soon after the beginning of the Civil War entered the service as first lieutenant of Company D, Fifteenth Iowa Infantry and was afterward promoted to captain.  At the Battle of Shiloh he was wounded and taken prisoner.  After remaining a prisoner six months he was exchanged, returned to his regiment and soon after was promoted to major.  The regiment was in Sherman's campaign through the Gulf States and, in August, 1864, Hedrick was promoted to colonel.  At the Battle of Atlanta he was severely wounded and completely disabled for active service.  In the spring of 1865 he was brevetted Brigadier-General for gallant services in the Atlanta campaign.  After the war he was for many years editor of the Ottumwa Courier.  He was several years employed in responsible positions in the revenue service.


HERMAN C. HEMENWAY, one of the prominent lawyers and Republicans of Northern Iowa, is a native of the State of New York, having been born at Potsdam, April 1, 1834.  He acquired a good education and taught school several years.  He studied law, was admitted to the bar, and began to practice at Freeport, Illinois, in 1860.  The next spring he removed to Iowa, locating at Independence, enlisted in the Twenty-seventh Volunteer Infantry and served three years in the Civil War.  At the close of his term of enlistment he settled at Cedar Falls where he resumed the practice of law.  In 1875 he was elected Representative in the Sixteenth General Assembly, and in 1877 he was elected to the Senate, serving in that body in the Seventeenth, Eighteenth, Nineteenth and Twentieth General Assemblies.


DAVID B. HENDERSON was a native of Scotland, having been born at Old Deer, on the 14th of March, 1840.  He came to America with his father's family in 1846 and in 1849 removed to Iowa, locating on a farm in Fayette County.  He remained with his father on the farm assisting him in the summer season and attending school in the winter and finally entered the Upper Iowa University, where he was pursuing his studies when the Rebellion began.  The students were greatly excited and in their young enthusiasm many hastened to enlist, among whom was Henderson, who was not yet twenty-one.  He volunteered in August, 1861, and was chosen first lieutenant of Company C, Twelfth Infantry.  He was wounded at Fort Donelson and again severely at Corinth, having his left foot amputated, so that he had to leave the service in February, 1863.  When the Forty-sixth Regiment was organized in June, 1864, he was so far recovered that he was appointed colonel and assumed command for the "hundred days" service.  In the meantime he had served as Commissioner of the Board of Enrollment of the Third District.  In November, 1865, he was appointed Collector of Internal Revenue for the Third District, serving until June, 1869, when he resigned and became a member of the law firm of Shiras, Van Duzee & Henderson.  Soon after he was appointed Assistant District Attorney for the Northern District of Iowa, serving two years.  In the fall of 1882 he was elected on the Republican ticket Representative in Congress for the Third District.  He was continuously reelected to the close of the close of the Nineteenth Century.  At the opening of the Fifty-sixth Congress, December, 1899, Colonel Henderson was unanimously nominated by the Republicans for Speaker and elected.  During the fourteen years that he had served on the floor of the House, Colonel Henderson had won the respect and esteem of his colleagues of all political parties.  He is an eloquent and impressive public speaker and has exercised marked influence upon legislation.  In Iowa, where he is as widely known as any man in public life, no citizen of the State has more, or warmer friends.  Although representing a district that has sometimes been very close politically, he was never defeated, but served longer continuously that any other Representative in the lower House of Congress from Iowa, since it has lad an existence as a State

DAVID BREMNER HENDERSON                  (from the book, University Recruits, by D W Reed)

1st Lieutenant Company C, was born at Old Deer, Scotland, March 14, 1840; came with his parents to Illinois in 1846 and to Iowa in 1849; settled on a farm on "Henderson Prairie," Fayette County.  On this farm he grew to manhood and having completed the common school course entered the Upper Iowa University where he helped to organize the "University Recruits" and with that company was mustered into the United States service October 24, 1861, as 1st Lieutenant Company C, 12th Iowa.  He commanded his company at Fort Henry and Fort Donelson until February 15, 1862, when he received severe wounds in chin and throat and shoulder and was carried from the field.  On his return to duty he arrived on the field of Shiloh during the battle of the 6th but was unable to find his command.  On the 7th he organized the remnant of 12th Iowa into a company and reported, with the company, for duty to Colonel Tuttle and with that command did good service.  As commander of a company in the "Union Brigade" he served through the campaign of Siege of Corinth, As Adjutant of that organization he was engaged in Battle of Corinth October 2 and 4, 1862, receiving on the 4th a wound in the foot which compelled amputation.  He resigned his commission as Lieutenant Company C, March 23, 1863.  His farewell letter to the company is published in connection with company history.

In May, 1863, he was appointed commissioner of the Board on Enrollment of the Third District of Iowa, serving as such until June, 1864, when he re-entered the service as Colonel of the 46th Iowa Infantry and served as such until mustered out.  He was Collector of Internal Revenue of the 3d District of Iowa from November, 1865, until June, 1869, when he resigned and became a member of the law firm of Shiras, VanDuzer & Henderson at Dubuque, Iowa; was Asst. U.S. District Attorney for the Northern District of Iowa about two years, resigning in 1871; was elected to the 48th Congress and served his constituents so acceptably that he has been returned to each succeeding Congress and has never had an opponent in convention.  He was permanent Chairman of Iowa Republican State Convention in 1886 and 1888, and delegate at large to the National Republican Conventions of 1888 and 1896, being on both occasions Chairman of the Iowa Delegation.  In 1880 he was Chairman of the Blaine Committee composed of one member from each State of the Union.  He was elected Speaker of the 56th Congress; re-elected in the 57th to this exalted position, second only in influence and importance to the President of the United States. Standing thus, in public life, among the foremost men of the Nation, he is in private life most genial and companionable; strongly attached to his friends, and faithful to every obligation.  He is an orator of remarkable power, possessing a strong sympathetic voice and great personal magnetism.  In Congress he has always been the champion of the old soldier whenever they have needed a defender, and his comrades everywhere have long since learned that they have no truer friend than he.  His unvarying success in public life has been phenomenal, but all his honors have been well earned and he wears them very gracefully.




One of the popular residents of Sioux City is Harold Wendell Henderson, the present clerk of the district court of Woodbury county. He has proven an able, efficient and capable officer, while he has also taken an active part in various phases of community life, being generally recognized as a gentleman of sterling integrity and splendid personal qualities. Mr. Henderson, was born
at Rodney, Monona county, Iowa, March 30, 1894, and is a son of Burton W. and Clara (Edgar) Henderson, both of whom were natives of Scott county, Iowa, the father born in 1858, and the mother in 1861. Both were of English, Scottish and Pennsylvania Dutch descent. Their respective families moved to Monoina county in the early '60s, settling in the vicinity of Ticonic, of which locality they were pioneers, John Henderson and Jesse Edgar, the subject's paternal and maternal grandfathers, being both of New York state. Burton W. Henderson engaged in a mercantile business in Rodney in a very early day and became a man of prominence and influence in that locality.

Harold W.Henderson received a good public school education, graduating from the high school at Castana, Iowa, in 1911. His home was at Rodney until seventeen years of age, after which he spent two years on a farm at Royal, Nebraska. In 1913 he came to Sioux City, where he has resided continuously to the present time. In 1914 he was appointed deputy clerk of the district court of Woodbury, holding that position nine years, and in January, 1923, he took office as clerk of that court, in which position he is still serving.

Thoroughly understanding every detail of the work of the office, he is particularly well qualified for the position, the duties of which he is discharging with satisfaction to all concerned. He is also a stockholder in the Terminal Grain Corporation and the Accumulative Investment Company, both of Sioux City.

Mr. Henderson is a veteran of the World war, having entered the service at Fort Dodge in June, 1918, and was assigned to the regimental band of the Three Hundred and Thirty-seventh Field Artillery. He served overseas from September, 1918, to January, 1919, and was honorably discharged in February, 1919.

On August 29, 1923, Mr. Henderson was united in marriage to Miss Rita Diehl, of Sioux City, who was born December 26, 1892, in Cleveland, Ohio, and is of German-American decent. Her father is deceased, and her mother, Mrs. Katherine Diehl, is now living in Sioux City. Mr. and Mrs. Henderson have one child, June, born in March, 1925. Politically Mr. Henderson is a staunch supporter of the republican party, while fraternally he is a member of Morningside
Lodge, No. 615, A. F. and A. M., of which he was secretary in 1920-21; Sioux City Consistory, No. 5, A. A. S. R., and Abu-Bekr Temple, A. A. O. N. M. S. He is a member and treasurer of the Community Club of Sunset View addition, Sioux City; is a member of the Hi-Twelve Club of Sioux City and is a trustee of the Hi-Twelve international organization; is a charter member of Monohan Post, American Legion, as well as of the post band, and is a charter member of the Shrine Band. His religious faith is that of the Presbyterian church.

Socially he is a member of the Sioux City Boat Club. A genial and kindly gentleman he enjoys a wide acquaintance and commands the confidence and good will of all who know him.

PARIS P. HENDERSON was born at Liberty, Union County, Indiana, January 3, 1825.  He was educated in the common schools and in 1849 came to Iowa, making his home in Warren County, where he was appointed organizing sheriff, a position he held until 1859 when he was elected on the Republican ticket to the State Senate.  He served in the regular session of 1860 and at the extra war session of 1861.  He then resigned and entered the military service as captain of Company G, Tenth Iowa Infantry.  On the 27th of January he was promoted to the rank of lieutenant-colonel; in February, 1863, he was promoted to colonel of the regiment and served with distinction to the close of the war.  Returning to Indianola, he was elected treasurer of Warren County and later mayor of Indianola.


WILLIAM L. HENDERSON                             (from the book, University Recruits, by D W Reed)

Fourth Captain of Company C, was born in Old Deer, Aberdeen Shire, Scotland, March28, 1833; came to America in 1846 and located in Iowa in 1849.  He married Clara J. Durno, March 27, 1856; enlisted in Company C, September 22, 1861; was present with his company at Fort Donelson; a member of the Union Brigade during siege of Corinth and Battle of Corinth October 3 and 4, 1862; was promoted 1st Sergeant April 1, 1863, and as such served at Jackson, Miss., Siege of Vicksburg, Siege of Jackson, Brandon, Tupelo, Miss., and at Nashville, Tenn., where he commanded the company and soon after received deserved promotion as 1st Lieutenant, in which capacity he commanded the company most of the time until mustered out January 20, 1866.  He was commissioned Captain Company C, November 22, 1865, but owing to reduced numbers was not allowed to muster in.

Upon his discharge from the service he returned to his farm, but, finding his health impaired he removed to LeRoy, Minn., and engaged in business.  In 1896 failing health compelled him to relinquish business and seek a change of climate; first in Michigan then in California.  Obtaining no relief he returned to Iowa where he died at the home of his son in Riceville, Iowa, June 19, 1897.  He leaves a wife, two sons: T. Judson and Frank L. and two daughters, Mrs. C.J. Ramsey and Mrs. S.R. Johnson.  His funeral and burial at Postville, Iowa, was attended by several members of Company C, who draped his casket with "Our Flag" and bore it to the grave.

Resolutions published by the Loyal Legion of Iowa, of which he was a member, truly says: "No better soldier ever fought under his country's flag.  Brave without rashness, he shrank from no danger or hardship, but obeyed the orders of his superiors wihout a question and was never known to complain at his lot, or seek to evade a distasteful duty.  As an officer he was kind, faithful and true; greatly loved by his men, and respected by his associates.  Subordinate himself, he expected his men to be the same, and never found it necessary to argue the question of obedience.  With him it was; 'Boys we are detailed for duty; fall in.'  And with that discussion ended.

No purer man as soldier and citizen has ever lived.  His conduct and conversation were always above reproach.  No one ever heard him utter a profane or impure word or indulge in language that might not have been used in the presence of his wife and daughters.  In all the vexations of over four years of hard campaigns these most closely associated with him have no remembrance of impulsive or hasty words from him which could cause regret or which they would wish to have recalled.  Judging by these fruits we are persuaded that he has received the reward promised to the pure in heart, and we shall ever hold enshrined in our memories the record of his life, as that of one in every way worthy of imitation, and his example as one that may be safely followed."



L. H. Henry

Among the leaders in financial circles in Sioux City is Lemuel H. Henry, vice president and chairman of the board of directors of the First National Bank, and a man who has staunchly supported every enterprise or movement for the up building of Sioux City. He was born at Vernon, Van Buren county, Iowa, on the 9th of May, 1871, and is a son of Thomas P. And Jennie M. (Bennett) Henry. The former was born in Van Buren county, Iowa, and was there reared and received a public school education. At the opening of the Civil war, he responded to the president's call for troops, enlisting from Van Buren county, on May 27, 1861, and was mustered into service at Keokuk, Iowa, as a private in Company F, Second Regiment, Iowa Volunteer Infantry, under Captain J. M. Tuttle, to serve three years or during the war. The regiment was assigned to the First Brigade, Second Division, Sixteenth Corps, Army of the Tennessee. He participated in the battle of Fort Donelson, Tennessee, February 14-16, 1862, Shiloh, April 6-7, 1862, and Corinth, Mississippi, October 3-4, 1862, there sustaining a shell would. He also received a gunshot would at the battle of Fort Donelson. He was honorably discharged at Pulaski, Tennessee, December 31, 1863, but re-enlisted on January 1, 1864, as a private and veteran in the same company and regiment. He took part in the siege of Atlanta, Georgia, and in Sherman's march to the sea. He was promoted to sergeant in December, 1864, at Savannah, Georgia, and was again honorably discharged at Louisville, Kentucky, July 1, 1865, at the close of the war. At the time of his death he was a member of Elias M. Wore Post, No, 516, Grand Army of the Republic, but had previously been a charter member of Shriver Post, No. 177, at Vernon, Iowa, which he had served as commander. On February 16, 1870, he was married to Miss Jennie M. Bennett, who also was born in Van Buren county, Iowa, and whose parents, Samuel M. And Sarah M. (Whitson) Bennett, were early settlers of this state, her father coming from Ohio and her mother from Pennsylvania. They were both of Quaker descent. Mrs. Henry's oldest brother, Lemuel W. Bennett, was killed at the age of seventeen years in the Civil war, while serving with the Eight Regiment Iowa Cavalry, and her youngest brother, Corwin N. Bennett, died at the close of the Spanish-American war, after serving in the Fiftieth Regiment Iowa Volunteer Infantry. The death of Thomas P. Henry occurred in 1900, and his widow then made her home with her son, Lemuel H., until her death, which occurred February 2, 1925. Lemuel H. Henry secured his education in the public schools of his native county and in a business college at Burlington, Iowa. During vacations and after leaving school he followed farming until eighteen years of age, when he decided to start on a business career. His first job was as timekeeper for the Phillips Fuel Company, of Ottumwa, Iowa, at their mines near that city, where he remained three months. He then accepted a position as messenger in the Ottumwa National Bank, remaining there two years. He then went to Burlington, Iowa, where he became associated with a fire insurance company, first as bookkeeper, and later as treasurer. In January, 1899, the company removed to Sioux City, and in 1901 Mr. Henry entered the Iowa State National Bank, which institution later absorbed the First National Bank, using the latter name. Mr. Henry was made cashier of this bank in 1906, holding that position until 1915, when he was elected vice president, and in 1924 was made chairman of the board of directors, which positions he still retains. Politically, Mr. Henry is an ardent supporter of the republican party and takes a deep interest in public affairs but has never sought office of any nature. He is a member of Tryian Lodge, No. 508, Ancient Free and Accepted Masons; Sioux City Consistory, No. 5, Ancient Accepted Scottish Rite; Abu-Bekr Temple, Ancient Arabic Order Nobles of the Mystic Shrine; Sioux City Lodge, No. 112, Benevolent Protective Order of Elks, and the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. He is a member of the Association of Reserve City Bankers, the Sioux City Country Club and the Kiwanis Club. He is actively interested in civic affairs and throughout the range of his acquaintance is held in the highest measure of confidence and esteem.

ROBERT C. HENRY, senior member of the law firm of HENRY & SPENCE, was born near Cadiz, in Harrison County, Ohio, December 14, 1841, a son of Robert and Susan (CHANEY) HENRY, who were natives of Pennsylvania and Ohio, respectively. They were the parents of thirteen children - seven sons and six daughters. Robert C. HENRY was taken by his parents to the Territory of Iowa in 1844, they locating in Lee County. he grew to manhood on the home farm, and received his education in the schools of his district and Demark Academy. He remained at home till twenty-four years of age, except while in the army, when he was married August 10, 1866, to Miss Jane F., eldest daughter of John HART, of Lee County, and to them have been born six children.

Mr. HENRY entered the law department of the university at Iowa City, where he took a full course, graduating in the class of 1869. He began the practice of law at keosauqua, Iowa, where he remained till 1870, coming thence to Mt. Ayr, where he resumed his practice, forming a partnership with George W. BALL, which lasted but ninety days, when Mr. BALL went to Iowa City. Mr. HENRY was then associated with W. T. LAUGHLIN for a time, after which he carried on the office alone until the fall of 1878. He was then elected judge of the Third District, comprising the counties of Clarke, Decatur, Ringgold, Union, Adams, Taylor, Page, and Montgomery, and in that capacity occupied the bench four years. He then resumed the practice of his profession at Mt. Ayr, when he formed a partnership with R. H. SPENCE, thus forming the present law firm of HENRY & SPENCE, which carries on a general law business and practices in all the courts. Mr. HENRY is a member of the Grand Army of the Republic.

NOTE: Robert C. HENRY enlisted from Denmark, Iowa, as a Private into Company F of 45th Iowa Infantry during the Civil War. He was mustered out of service
at Keokuk, Iowa, on September 16, 1864.

Biography & Historical Record of Ringgold County, Iowa, Pp. 332-33, 1887.
American Civil War Soldiers Database,
from Biography & Historical Record of Ringgold County, Iowa Lewis Publishing Company of Chicago, 1887, Pp. 332-33
~Transcription and note by Sharon R. Becker, March of 2009


WILLIAM P. HEPBURN was born at Wellsville, Ohio, on the 4th of November, 1833.  His father removed with his family to Iowa in 1841.  The son attended the public schools and learned the printer's trade, afterwards read law and was admitted to the bar and, in 1856, was elected Prosecuting Attorney in Marshall County.  In 1858 he was chosen chief clerk of the House of the SEventh General Assembly.  In October of the same year he was elected District Attorney of the Eleventh District.  When the Rebellion began, Mr. Hepburn raised a company for the Second Iowa Cavalry, of which he was commissioned captain.  In September, 1862, he was promoted to major of the regiment and in November became lieutenant-colonel, serving until the regiment was mustered out in 1864.  In 1876 he was one of the presidential electors on the Republican ticket.  Having removed to Page County he was, in 1880, elected to Congress by the Republicans of the Eighth District.  He was reelected in 1882 and again in 1884.  In 1886 he was defeated by Major A. R. Anderson.  In 1888 he was chosen presidential elector.  In 1892 he was again elected to Congress and has been reelected in 1894, 1896, 1900 and 1902.  Mr. Hepburn is a public speaker of unusual power and eloquence as well as an able debater.  His long term of service in Congress has given him great influence in that body and for many years he has been one of the earnest workers for the construction of the Nicaraguan inter-ocean ship canal.


The medical profession has a worthy representative n Manson, Calhoun county, in the person of Dr. Thomas B. Herrick, who since coming here in 1914 has risen in the confidence and esteem of the public, building up a large practice and gaining a high place in the medical ranks of his county. Dr. Herrick was born in Humboldt, Iowa, on the 11th of April, 1886, and is a son of Fred G. and Dora L. (Connor) Herrick, the former a native of Minnesota and the latter of Humboldt county, Iowa. The father was for many years a traveling salesman for a wholesale hardware firm of Minneapolis, but after his marriage he made his home in Humboldt, where his death occurred in 1907, at the age of forty-six years. The mother is still living in Humboldt.

Thomas B. Herrick attended the public schools of Humboldt, graduating from high school in 1903, and then enlisted in the United States navy, in which he served three years. In 1908 he entered the medical school of the University of Iowa, from which he was graduated, with the degree of Doctor of Medicine, in 1912. He engaged in the practice of his profession in partnership with a brother at Gilmore City, Pocahontas county, Iowa, where he remained two years, and in 1914 came to Manson, where he has remained to the present time, establishing a splendid reputation as an able and skilled physician and surgeon and building up a large practice. During the World war Dr. Herrick enlisted as a medical officer in the English army, with which he served thirteen months overseas. He was commissioned a first lieutenant and assigned to the First
Battalion of the Lancastershire Fusiliers, Twenty-ninth Division. He received a captain's commission and on the expiration of his service returned to Manson and resumed his practice.

Dr. Herrick has been married twice - first, on October 26, 1908, to Miss Louise Hawkins, of Dakota City, Nebraska, to which union was born a daughter, Opal D., who is now a student in St. Angela's Institute, at Carroll, Iowa. On August 23, 1924, the Doctor was married to Miss Inez H. Clark, of Fort Dodge, Iowa, and they are the parents of a daughter, Jeanne Marie. Dr. Herrick is a member of Morning Light Lodge, No. 384, Ancient Free and Accepted Masons of
Manson, and Manson Chapter, No. 131, Royal Arch Masons, as well as of the Manson Golf Club. He is now serving as city health officer. Strong mentality, close application, thorough mastery of the great underlying principles of his profession and the ability to apply theory to practice n the treatment of diseases have been the contributing elements to his success, in addition to which is a strong individuality that has made a definite impression on all with whom he has come into contact. He is devoted to his calling and commands the respect of his fellow citizens.



JOHN HERRIOTT was born at Herriottsville, in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, October 24, 1844, where his youthful years were spent on a farm.  He usually attended school a few weeks in the winter season until he was twelve years of age when he received three months' instruction in the Normal School in the winter of 1865.  When the Civil War began young Herriott enlisted in a Pennsylvania regiment and served as a private soldier in nearly all of the great battles fought by the Army of the Potomac up to September 27, 1864, when his term of service expired.  In August, 1865, he emigrated to Iowa, settling on a farm near New Liberty, Scott County.  In 1872, Mr. Herriott removed to Stuart where he opened a drug and book store.  He was elected on the Republican ticket treasurer of the county, serving two terms and making a record which brought him out as a prominent candidate for State Treasurer.  He received the Republican nomination for that position in 1894, was elected and twice reelected, serving three terms.  He brought marked ability to the discharge of the duties of that office, introducing many new methods in the transaction if its important duties, which met general approval.  As a member of the Executive Council Mr. Herriott took an independent stand in advocacy of whatever he believed to be right.  He was a courageous advocate of important reforms in the assessment of corporate property, acting alone in that respect in the Executive Council.  So warmly was his position endorsed by the people, that his Congressional District gave him a unanimous support for Governor in the Republican State Convention of 1901.  The convention, however, nominated A. B. Cummins for Governor and Mr. Herriott for Lieutenant-Governor, to which position he was elected by a large majority.




FRANCIS J. HERRON was born in Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, on the 17th of February, 1837.  He was educated at Western University in that city and began his business career as a clerk in a banking house.  He afterwards became a partner in the bank.  In 1855 he came to Iowa and with a brother established a bank at Dubuque.  He was among the first to enter the military service upon the opening of the Civil War in 1861, having been chosen captain of Company I, which was incorporated into the First Iowa Volunteers, organized and sent to the field under the first call of President Lincoln for 75,000 men for three months' service.  Mr. Herron took part in the Battle of Wilson's Creek and distinguished himself, so that when the Ninth Regiment was organized in September, he was commissioned lieutenant-colonel.  He participated in the three days' Battle of Pea Ridge, where he was wounded and taken prisoner.  He was promoted to Brigadier-General for gallant conduct in that battle.  In the Battle of Prairie Grove General Herron won additional fame for his brilliant leadership and was in December made a Major-General.  His services throughout the war were recognized by the great commanders under whom he served,  and he must ever rank among the ablest military officers from Iowa in the Civil War.  He removed to New York where his death occurred on the 8th of January, 1902.



GERSHEM H. HILL was born at Granavillo, Clayton County, Iowa, May 8, 1846.  He went to Grinnell in 1860 and was employed on the  farm of Hon. J. B. Grinnell, the founder of the town and college.  One night in June, 1861, young Hill drove a wagon load of escaping slaves from Grinnell's house, which was a station on the "underground railroad," to Marengo, on their way to Canada and freedom.  He obtained his education in the public schools and in 1863 began school teaching in Marshall County.  Soon after he enlisted in the Forty-sixth Iowa Regiment and served under Colonel David B. Henderson.  In 1865 Mr. Hill entered Grinnell College, graduating in 1871.  He then began the study of medicine at the State University, and later at Rush Medical College, where he graduated.  In 1875 he was chosen a physician in the Hospital for Insane at Independence, and in 1881 he was promoted to superintendent and has continued in that position up to the present time.  His management of that institution has been marked for peculiar ability in the administration of its affairs.  He writes for several medical journals and is a member of the leading medical associations of the country.  He is a lecturer on insanity at the Medical Department of the State University, and is often called upon as an expert in that malady.



LAFE HILL, Iowa newspaper man for over thirty years, member of the Legislature, has since 1916 been editor and publisher of the Nora Springs Advertiser in Floyd County.


Mr. Hill's activities and experiences make up an interesting record. He has been fighting his own way since he was a boy of fourteen. He was born at Diagonal in Ringgold County, Iowa, his birthplace being a farm where his father had settled in 1856, after having lived one year in Monroe County.

His parents, Samuel and Winifred (Bennett) Hill, came to Iowa from Shelby County, Indiana. Samuel Hill was an Iowa soldier in the Union army, serving in the Ninth Iowa Cavalry. In politics he was successively a Douglas Democrat and a Lincoln Republican, and was a devout Methodist and all his sons went regularly to Sunday School. Samuel Hill had qualifications that brought him a number of relationships with the pioneer communities where he lived. He was a farmer, a country school teacher, one of the old fashioned type who ruled with the rod, served as justice of the peace, was township trustee and county coroner. After the war he was a member of the Grand Army of the Republic. He was born in 1832 and lived to be eighty-two years of age. His wife, who died when fifty-five years of age, by a previous marriage had a son, David Brant, who became widely known in Iowa journalism. David Brant was born in 1850 and died at the age of sixty-nine. He was editor of the Iowa City Republican and was a contemporary of the young and Clarksons and served in the Legislature. Of the children of Samuel and Winifred (Bennett) Hill the oldest, William F., also was a representative of journalism. He was an editor at Westmoreland, Kansas, for forty-two years and served in the Legislature of that state.


The other children were: Albert R., a farmer in California; Charles, a resident of Ringgold County, Iowa; Elizabeth, wife of William Durland, of Carter, Oklahoma; Alice, widow of A. J. Wray, of El Reno, Oklahoma; Sarah, wife of W. F. Hunter, of Irving, Kansas; Winifred, wife of Charles H. Mills, of Decatur County, Iowa; Clinton, who was in the railroad contracting business and died at Colorado in 1890. Three of the family were teachers, William, Winifred and Lafe.


Lafe Hill was endowed with a sound mind in a sound body, but has had to struggle for his opportunities and his attainments. It was his earnest ambition and effort that enabled him to get something better than a common school education. He attended the Tilford Academy, and while attending school at Waterloo also taught. He taught at Troy Mills, at the Walker Agency, was superintendent of schools at Williamsburg and Seymour. During vacations he was fitting himself for newspaper work in his brother David's office. Before coming to Nora Springs he established and conducted the North English Record, published the Colfax Tribune, the New Market Herald and the Manley Chief. Mr. Hill represented Floyd County in the Iowa Legislature from 1924 to 1930.


He was chairman of the committee on suppression of crime and served on such important committees as roads and highways, baking, ways and means, printing, insurance, mines and mining, schools, cities and towns, public health, and was the ranking member of the committee appointed to investigate the banking situation in Nebraska, Kansas and Iowa.


Mr. Hill married Miss Florence Fay, whose parents, Mr. and Mrs. H. H. Fay, were early settlers in Linn County, Iowa. They had three children. The only child living is Fausta, wife of R. F. Tyler, who is in the creamery and ice cream business at Villisca, Iowa. Both sons are deceased. Brant was twenty-one when he died at the Great Lakes Naval Training Station. Lyle also served in the Navy and was on the Japanese cargo ship, being the only white man on board. He died in 1926, being at the time connected with the Algonia Republican. He is survived by his widow, Cora Damman, and three children. Thera, Flavia and Lyla. Both sons learned the newspaper business with their father in the office of the Advertiser. When the sons went to war Mrs. Hill took their place in the office, operating the linotype and otherwise helping the publication. Mr. Hill is a prominent member of the Knights of Pythias organization, with which he has been identified for forty-one years. He is past chancellor commander of his lodge, deputy grand chancellor and grand prelate. He is a Master Mason and was chairman of the joint board of Masons and Odd Fellows when they built their lodge hall at Nora Springs. Mr. Hill is a member of the State Press Association, and during the World war was president of the Red Cross Chapter and chairman of the four-minute men. He is a leading Methodist layman, serving as a member of the board of trustees of the church at Nora Springs, was a lay delegate to the Upper Iowa Conference and has made his newspaper an important medium for the upholding of religious and moral influences. In 1928 he was a delegate to the Mississippi Flood Control Convention in Chicago.


~Source: A Narrative History of The People of Iowa with SPECIAL TREATMENT OF THEIR CHIEF ENTERPRISES IN EDUCATION, RELIGION, VALOR, INDUSTRY, BUSINESS, ETC. by EDGAR RUBEY HARLAN, LL. B., A. M. Curator of the Historical, Memorial and Art Department of Iowa Volume IV THE AMERICAN HISTORICAL SOCIETY, Inc. Chicago and New York 1931


OTTO HILL, vice president of the Union Savings Bank & Trust Company of Davenport, was born in that city, has devoted the greater part of his active life in banking, and represents one of the oldest and most substantial of the German American families of the city.


His father, the late John Hill, whose name always commanded the respect of his fellow citizens in Davenport, particularly the German Americans, died February 12, 1924, at the age of eighty-four. John Hill was born in Prussia, Germany, April 25, 1840, son of Conrad and Margaret (Ditzenberger) Hill. Conrad Hill was an inspector for the government in Germany. John Hill was fourteen years of age when he crossed the Atlantic to America in 1854 and in December of the same year became a resident of Davenport, then a comparatively small community but a growing metropolis of trade for the country west of the Mississippi. At Davenport he learned the trade of cabinet maker and worked at that occupation until the Civil war broke out.


He enlisted in 1861 in Company C of the First United States Lancers, serving nine months with that regiment. In 1862 he enlisted a second time, in Company C of the Thirty-fifth Iowa Infantry, and served as a sergeant. On July 11, 1863, he was taken prisoner at Jackson, Mississippi, and from that time until released, at the end of the war, he endured the horrors of captivity at Libby, Belle Island and Andersonville.

After the war he returned to Davenport and in 1869 was made manager of the Turner Hall and Stadt Theater, and looked after those two well remembered institutions of the city until he retired.

John Hill married in 1867 Marie Kaehler, and in 1917 they celebrated their golden wedding anniversary. Five children were born to their marriage and the three now living are Otto, Mrs. Lutie H. Zoeckler and Miss Paula. Two sons, Hugo and Carl, are both deceased.


Otto Hill grew up in his native city of Davenport, attending grade and high school and since 1890 has been connected with some of the local banks. He was president of the Davenport Savings Bank when it was consolidated with the Union Savings Bank, the resulting institution becoming the Union Savings Bank & Trust Company, and since this consolidation Mr. Hill has been vice president of the larger bank. He is also vice president and treasurer of the Martin Cigar Company.


Mr. Hill married in 1914 Julia F. Hefferman, who was born in Washington, D.C. Their three children are Philip A., James J. and Elizabeth M.


Mr. Hill is a former treasurer and trustee of the Kiwanis Club, member of the Davenport Chamber of Commerce, the Knights of Pythias, B. P. O. Elks, Loyal Order of Moose, Improved Order of Red Men.

Mr. Hill for a number of years has been deeply interested in welfare organizations, serving fifteen years as treasurer of the Salvation Army and has been a leader in the Boy Scouts work since it was inaugurated. He is a member of the executive council of this area of the Boy Scouts and has also served as treasurer of the Buffalo Bill Council of the organization.


~Source: A Narrative History of The People of Iowa with SPECIAL TREATMENT OF THEIR CHIEF ENTERPRISES IN EDUCATION, RELIGION, VALOR, INDUSTRY, BUSINESS, ETC. by EDGAR RUBEY HARLAN, LL. B., A. M. Curator of the Historical, Memorial and Art Department of Iowa Volume IV THE AMERICAN HISTORICAL SOCIETY, Inc. Chicago and New York 1931


SYLVESTER G. HILL was born on the 10th of june, 1820, in Washington County, Rhode Island.  He received an academic education at Greenwich.  In 1840 he removed to Cincinnati, Ohio, where he engaged in the lumber business.  In 1849 he went to California with the great emigration of gold seekers.  Failing to find profitable business, he came the following year to Iowa, locating at Muscatine.  In July, 1862, he recruited a company of volunteers of which he was chosen captain.  In August his company was assigned to the Thirty-fifth Regiment of Volunteer Infantry.  On the 10th of August he was promoted to colonel of the regiment.  He led it in the Vicksburg campaign and McPherson's expedition to Brownsville and was also in the REd River campaign under Banks and later served with Sherman.  In the Battle of Nashville, fought in December, Colonel Hill commanded a brigade and while making a gallant charge on the enemy's works, was shot through the head and instantly killed.


~Source: A Narrative History of The People of Iowa with SPECIAL TREATMENT OF THEIR CHIEF ENTERPRISES IN EDUCATION, RELIGION, VALOR, INDUSTRY, BUSINESS, ETC. by EDGAR RUBEY HARLAN, LL. B., A. M. Curator of the Historical, Memorial and Art Department of Iowa Volume IV THE AMERICAN HISTORICAL SOCIETY, Inc. Chicago and New York 1931


DAVID B. HILLIS was born in Jefferson County, Indiana, July 25, 1825.  He was educated at the University of South Hanover, studied medicine at Madison and for eleven years practiced his profession in his native State.  In 1858 he removed to Iowa, locating at Bloomfield.  In 1860 he removed to Keokuk where he was engaged in business when the war began.  In August, 1861, he was appointed aide-de-camp to Governor Kirkwood, serving until March, 1862, when he was appointed lieutenant-colonel of the Seventeenth Iowa Infantry.  In August, 1862, he was promoted to colonel of the regiment and resigned during the siege of Vicksburg, after having distinguished himself at the battles of Jackson and Champion's Hill.  He died at Keokuk on the 9th of September, 1900.


~Source: A Narrative History of The People of Iowa with SPECIAL TREATMENT OF THEIR CHIEF ENTERPRISES IN EDUCATION, RELIGION, VALOR, INDUSTRY, BUSINESS, ETC. by EDGAR RUBEY HARLAN, LL. B., A. M. Curator of the Historical, Memorial and Art Department of Iowa Volume IV THE AMERICAN HISTORICAL SOCIETY, Inc. Chicago and New York 1931

F. A. HISER, who is now living retired in his comfortable home in Spencer, during the course of a long and varied career so managed his affairs as to gain a competence, while his record has been such as to earn for him the unqualified respect and good will of all who know him. A native of Wood county, Ohio, he was born on the 5th of May, 1855, and is a son of Henry and Calista (Calkins) Hiser, the former a native of Ohio, while the latter was born in New York. Their marriage occurred in Ohio, in which state the father passed away, after which the mother came to Iowa and lived with her son until her death.

They were the parents of eight children, of whom five sons are still living.

F. A. Hiser, the oldest of the family, was reared and educated in Ohio, in which state he lived until 1883, when he came to Iowa and located on a farm in Meadow township, Clay county, to the operation of which he devoted his attention for about nine years, when he sold that place and moved to Spencer, where he has lived continuously since. For about twenty years he traveled for an insurance company, but in 1912 his health failed and he quit the road. In the fall of 1921 he opened a summer resort near Spirit Lake, known as "Hiser's Oakland," where he built six cottages and made other improvements tending to make the place attractive for those desiring an ideal place for summer vacation. He also bought and sold real estate for a time, but is now practically retired from business pursuits, living quietly and comfortably in his home in Spencer. He is the owner of a store building in Spencer, as well as a farm and some lots and a residence in Minnesota.

In 1876, in Ohio, Mr. Hiser was united in marriage to Miss Lizzie A. Matthew, who was born and reared in that state, the daughter of George and Sarah (Windgate) Matthew. Her parents were natives of England, from which country they came to the United States in an early day, locating in Ohio, where they spent the remainder of their days. Mr. and Mrs. Hiser have two sons, O. F., who is married, and G. H., who is engaged in the real estate business in Chicago. Politically Mr. Hiser gives his support to the republican party. For a number of years he was a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows but is not now affiliated therewith. He and his wife are active members of the Baptist church, of which he is a deacon. For six years he served as president of the Iowa Children's Home and his wife was a collector for that institution for ten years. They have both lived exemplary lives, doing what good they could and supporting all measures for the betterment of the general welfare.

They are a kindly and hospitable couple, who by their consistent and worthy lives have commanded the esteem and good will of all who know them.




HITTLE, JACOB - Scroll down near end of page


HITTLE, MICHAEL - Scroll down near end of page

ADONIRAM J. HOLMES was born on the 2d of March, 1842, in Wayne County, Ohio.  His parents removed to Wisconsin while he was a child and there he entered Milton College but before finishing the course enlisted in the Union army, serving until the close of the war.  Returning to Janesville he studied law and was admitted to the bar but afterwards took the full course in the Law Department of the State University of Michigan.  In 1868 he located at Boone, Iowa.  In 1881 he was elected to the House of the Nineteenth General Assembly, serving one term.  In 1882 he was elected to Congress on teh Republican ticket and twice reelected, serving six years.  He died January 23, 1902.




Henry Harrison Holmes was born in Pontiac, Illinois, on the 5th of March, 1874. He was the son of William Harrison Holmes and Aletha Beall Holmes. When he was seven years old his parents moved to South Dakota and established the family home on a farm in Aurora county northwest of Mount Vernon, that state. He attended the country school while on the farm. Later the family moved to Mount Vernon and he attended the school there until he went to the Dakota Wesleyan University at Mitchell, South Dakota. His first effort toward making a living was when as a young boy he rented some land from a neighbor and tried farming for himself. As soon as he had accumulated enough money in this way he purchased the meat market in Mount Vernon. It was there he gained a thorough knowledge of cattle values, which became an important factor in his later successful career in the live stock business.

In 1900 he left Mount Vernon and went to Fulton, South Dakota, where he bought a hardware store and a line of farm machinery and implements. While he was in Fulton he was manager of a local telephone company and the Farmers Co-operative Creamery Company. Two years later he returned to Mount Vernon and bought another hardware store, and a furniture store and an undertaking establishment.

In 1905 Mr. Holmes disposed of his holdings in South Dakota and moved to Sioux City, Iowa, where he became connected with the Long & Hansen Commission Company, a live stock firm with which Mr. F. M. Hatch, a former business associate of Mount Vernon, had become identified through purchasing the interests of the retiring partner, Mr. Nicholas Hansen. Within a few months Mr. Holmes bought the interests of Mr. Wallace Long, who also wished to retire. The business was continued under the old firm name of the Long & Hansen Commission Company.

Later, as the business increased, Mr. Holmes and Mr. Hatch bought one of the leading commission firms in Chicago - the North Western Live Stock Commission Company, and established a new firm by that name in South St. Paul, Minnesota, and another firm by the name of Long & Hansen in Sioux Falls, South Dakota.

In 1898 Mr. Holmes was married to Miss Laura McDowell, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. William McDowell of Mount Vernon, South Dakota. Mr. and Mrs. Holmes were the parents of two children; a daughter, Gladys, and a son, Dean Harrison. Mr. Holmes was fifty years old at the time of his death, which occurred March 13, 1924, at his home, No. 3 Stewart avenue, Sioux City, Iowa.

Henry Harrison Holmes was a member of Tyrian Lodge, No. 508, the Sioux City Consistory and Abu-Bekr Shrine, A. A. O. N. M. S.; Sioux City Boar Club, the Sioux City Country Club, the Sioux City Chamber of Commerce, the Chicago Live Stock Exchange and the Sioux City Live Stock Exchange. For several years he had been a director of the latter exchange and was active in all its work at the time of his death.

Few men in the live stock business have been more successful from every standpoint or have had a wider acquaintance or commanded more respect than Harry Holmes. He was an executive of more than ordinary ability and his advice was much sought by stockmen over the entire northwest, because of his keen vision and foresight combined with a marked conservatism.




Coming to Iowa when this region was undeveloped, Daniel P. Hiscox has experienced all of the vicissitudes of frontier life and his conversation spans the past in interesting reminiscences. He is numbered among the venerable citizens of Cherokee and his life has been devoted to the cultivation of the soil.

He was born May 10, 1845, in Woodstock, Connecticut, and has reached the ripe age of eighty years. In 1856 his parents, Lucien and Pearl (Perrin) Hiscox, started on the long and arduous journey to Iowa and when they reached the Mississippi river they were able to cross to Dubuque on the ice, proceeding thence to Floyd county by team and wagon.

Mr. Hiscox received a common school education and in December, 1861, when but fifteen years of age, enlisted in Company C, Twelfth United States Infantry. He fought in the engagements at Yorktown, Williamsburg, Gaines Mills, Malvern Hill, Fair Oaks and the second battle of Bull Run and never faltered in the performance of duty. He spent some time in a hospital and was honorably discharged in 1865 at the close of the Civil war. He returned to Iowa and for several years operated land in Floyd county. He now owns a half section in Cherokee county and through systematic work and good management has transformed the tract into one of the productive farms of this district.

In Butler county, Iowa, Mr. Hiscox married Miss Julia Converse, a successful teacher and a daughter of Judge Alonzo Converse, who represented that county in the state senate. The children born to Mr. and Mrs. Hiscox were: Bertha, who has passed away; Cora, who married M. E. Triggs and died September 28, 1925; Arthur, whose home is in Cherokee; and Leora, who is the wife of William Weed, also a resident of Cherokee. The elder daughter also married, and her son, Cyrus Davenport, has been an invalid since his service in the World war, in which he was gassed. His brother, Arthur B., made the supreme sacrifice for his country and his body was brought home for burial. Mrs. Marie Wedge, another daughter of the subject of this sketch, has two children.

Mr. Hiscox, belongs to Custer Post, No. 25, of the Grand Army of the Republic and derives much pleasure from his association with his comrades who wore the blue uniform during the dark days of civil strife. He votes the republican ticket and is a consistent member of the Baptist church. Mr. Hiscox is a man of substantial worth, honor and integrity being the keynote of his character, and his fellow citizens speak of him in terms of high regard.




CHARLES C. HORTON was born January 13, 1839, at Goshen, Orange County, New York. He came with his father to Iowa in 1848, locating at Muscatine where he attended the public and private schools.  In 1857 he returned to New York and entered Delaware Collegiate Institute at Franklin, graduating in the literary and scientific course in 1859.  In 1861, Mr. Horton enlisted as a private in Company A, Second Iowa Cavalry, where he won rapid promotion to first lieutenant.  In June, 1862, he was promoted to captain and was in command of a battalion most of the time until he was commissioned major in 1863.  He was in command of the regiment at times and in 1864 was promoted to lieutenant-colonel.  From this time he was in command of the regiment or a brigade until mustered out in 1865.  He participated in the following engagements:  New Madrid, Island Number Ten, Booneville, Farmington, Corinth, Iuka, Tupel, Jackson and Nashville, where the Second Brigade charged upon and captured the first two forts taken in that battle and its flag was the first planted upon the works.  Colonel Horton was wounded in the engagement at Coldwater.  In 1880 Colonel Horton was appointed special agent of the United States Land Office, resigning to become special examiner of the Pension Bureau, in which position he served fifteen years.  In 1873 he was elected on the Republican ticket Representative in the Fifteenth General Assembly, serving by reelection two terms.  He was the author of bills creating a School for Feeble Minded Children at Glenwood, and one to consolidate the Soldiers' and Orphans' Homes at Davenport.  In 1897 Colonel Horton was appointed commandant of the Soldiers' Home at Marshalltown.




NOEL B. HOWARD was born in Vermont in 1838 and educated at the Norwich Military Academy.  He went south and for a time taught in a military school in one of the Atlantic southern States.  Coming to Iowa in 1860 he was located at Lyons when the Civil War began.  He enlisted in Company I, Second Iowa Infantry in May, 1861, and was elected first lieutenant.  He was in the Battle of Shiloh and promoted immediately after to captain of the company.  In October, 1862 he was promoted to major of the regiment.  In 1864 he became lieutenant-colonel and soon after colonel of the regiment and at the Battle of Atlanta he was severely wounded.  He served with distinction in Sherman's campaign through the Gulf and Atlantic States and retired at the close of the war with a fine reputation as an officer.




ORLANDO C. HOWE is a name that will be for all time associated with the greatest tragedy of Iowa history.  He was born at Williamstown, Vermont, on the 19th of December, 1824, was educated at Aurora Academy in the State of New York and studied law at Buffalo, where he was admitted to the bar.  Mr. Howe came to Newton, Iowa, in 1855.  In the fall of 1856, he, in company with his brother-in-law, B. F. Parmenter and R. U. Wheelock made a trip up through the wild prairie regions of northwestern Iowa.  They camped on the shore of west Okoboji, and were so charmed with the beautiful lakes and groves that each took a claim, intending to return and make homes the next spring.  Early in March they again arrived at the lakes and were horror-stricken by the discovery that the little colony that had settled there the year before had been massacred by the Sioux Indians.  Not one remained alive to tell of the cruel fate that had exterminated the entire settlement.  The three horror-stricken men hastened back to Fort Dodge, spread the alarm among the isolated cabins on the way, helped to organize the "Relief Expedition" under command of Major Williams and joined in its terrible march and endured its almost unparalleled sufferings.  When the Indians had been permanently driven from Iowa, Mr. Howe returned to his claim, making it his home.  In 1858 he was chosen District Attorney, serving four years.  When the Civil War came, Mr. Howe raised a company of cavalry which was Company L, Ninth Iowa, in which he served to the close of the war.  From 1875 to 1880 he was Professor of Law in the State University at Iowa City.  Later he removed to Barber County, Kansas, where he became county attorney and was for several years district judge.  In August, 1899, he became insane and died at Topeka, on the 31st of that month, highly esteemed by all who knew him.  His name is inscribed on the monument at Okoboji, erected by the State, in memory of the massacre of 1857.




NATHANIEL M. HUBBARD was born in Oswego, New York, September 24, 1829.  He was reared on a farm, acquired a good education and taught school.  He graduated at the Alfred, New York, University and studied law, coming to Iowa in April, 1854, locating at Marion in Linn County where he began the practice of his profession.  In February, 1856, he was a delegate to the State Convention which met at Iowa City and organized the Republican party of Iowa.  In August, 1862, he raised a military company for the Twentieth Iowa Volunteer Infantry, of which he was chosen captain, serving under General Francis J. Herron.  In March, 1863, he was promoted to judge advocate on the staff of General Herron and served in the army until April,  1865, when he was brevetted major.  In November, 1865, he was appointed district judge but resigned the following year to accept the position of attorney for the Northwestern Railway Company.  For many years he was the Iowa attorney for that company and long ranked among the ablest lawyers in the State.  He was for more than a quarter of a century one of the most influential leaders of the Republican party in Iowa.  He died at his home in Cedar Rapids, June 12, 1902.




JOSEPH C. HUGHES was born in Washington County, Pennsylvania, April 1, 1821.  He completed his collegiate course at Jefferson College, Cannonsburg, and was a graduate in medicine of the University of Maryland.  In 1845 he located at Mount Vernon, Ohio, and five years later became demonstrator in anatomy in the College of Physicians and Surgeons at Keokuk, Iowa, then the Medical Department of the State University.  In 1851 he was elected to fill the chair of anatomy and the following year became dean of the faculty.  In 1853 he was elected to the chair of surgery which he held for many years.  For three sessions he performed double duty, lecturing often three times a day and to him is largely due the upbuilding of the institution in early days.  Dr. Hughes also founded a medical and surgical infirmary and an eye and ear institute in connection with the college and under his management.  At the beginning of the Civil War, Dr. Hughes was appointed Surgeon-General for Iowa, a position he held until peace was established.  He organized and had personal charge of the army hospitals at Keokuk which were among the largest in the west, having as many as 2,000 patients within the wards at one time.  Dr. Hughes was also president of the Boar of Medical Examiners during the war.  In 1866 he was elected one of the vice-presidents of the American Medical Association and was its delegate to the British Association for the Promotion of Science, the Provincial Medical Association of Great Britain and the American Medical Society of Paris.  He was twice president of the State Medical Society of Iowa and for a time editor of the Iowa Medical Journal.




JOHN A. T. HULL was born in Sabrina, Clinton County, Ohio, May 1, 1841.  His father removed to Iowa in 1849, locating in Van Buren County.  The son received his education at the Mount Pleasant Wesleyan College and graduated from the Cincinnati Law School in 1862.  He then enlisted in the Union army, was chosen first lieutenant of Company C, Twenty-third Iowa Infantry, and was in November promoted to captain.  Mr. Hull was wounded in the Battle of Black River Bridge, May 17, 1863, and in October resigned on account of his wounds.  He was for several years editor of the Bloomfield Republican and in 1872 was chosen secretary of the State Senate, which position he continued to hold until the close of the session of 1878.  In the summer of that year he was nominated by the Republican State Convention for Secretary of Stare and elected, serving in that office for three terms.  In 1885, he was the Republican candidate for Lieutenant-Governor and was elected, serving four years.  In 1889 he was a prominent candidate before the Republican State Convention for Governor but was unsuccessful.  In 1892 he was elected Representative in Congress for the Seventh District and has been reelected continuously to the close of the Nineteenth century.  As chairman of the committee on military affairs, he became one of the most influential members during the War with Spain and the Philippine Islands.



WILLIAM A HUNT is one of the brilliant and resourceful members of the Ottumwa bar. He has enjoyed a large patronage as a lawyer, and is a man of many interesting connections and associations with his home community and state. The Republican party organization regards him as one of its ablest young leaders and speakers.


Mr. Hunt was born in Davis County, Iowa, December 17, 1887, a son of Charles E. and Clara B. (Colston) Hunt, and grandson of Thomas A. Hunt, who came from Virginia to Iowa in the early 1850's and served with an Iowa regiment in the Union army. The maternal grandfather, William Colston, was born in England, came to the United States and located in Iowa prior to the Civil war, and during the war was a member of the Sixth Iowa Cavalry. Before leaving the military service he participated in several Indian campaigns. Mr. Hunt's father, Rev. Charles E. Hunt, was also born in Davis County, Iowa, and devoted his active life to the ministry of the Christian Church. He and his wife had two sons, William A. and Elmer, the latter of whom was also an attorney, located at Creston, Iowa.




William A. Hunt was graduated in 1906 from the Southern Iowa Normal School at Bloomfield in Davis County. He then spent over six years in the University of Iowa. He was graduated from the liberal arts course in 1910, completed the work of the college of law in 1912 and remained for a year in the graduate school. Mr. Hunt was admitted to the bar in 1912 and for three years practiced in the State of Ohio. He then returned to Iowa, and has since been located at Ottumwa. He was city solicitor from 1919 to 1925, inclusive, and since 1926 has been chairman of the Wapello County Republican Central Committee. He is a member of the Wapello County, Iowa State and American Bar Associations.


Mr. Hunt came in for some unusual honors in the political campaign of 1928, being made temporary and permanent chairman and keynote speaker in the Iowa Republican State Convention at Des Moines on July 18, 1928. In the same campaign he was presidential elector at large from Iowa. Mr. Hunt is a director of the Ottumwa Y. M. C. A., a member of the Chamber of Commerce, a past president of the Kiwanis Club, is a Knight Templar and Scottish Rite Mason and Shriner and a member of the Knights of Pythias, B. P. O. Elks, Moose and Yoemen. 


During the World war he was chairman of the Wapello County four-minute speakers. Mr. Hunt and family are members of the First Christian Church and take and active part in that organization. 


Mr. Hunt married at Des Moines in 1911 Miss Grace Toulouse, daughter of Joseph H. and Priscilla (Wayne) Toulouse. Mrs. Hunt is of French ancestry, and her mother was a direct descendant of the family of the famous "Mad Anthony" Wayne. Mrs. Hunt is a prominent factor in social and civic organizations  ,being a past matron of the Eastern Star Chapter, is a member of the Ottumwa Woman's Club and has given much time to the work of the home beautiful and gardening movement. Her own home is a contribution to the ideals of this movement. It is known as Torbin Hill, being located on the summit of one of Ottumwa's heights, commanding a fine view of the Des Moines River Valley and surrounding country. Mr. and Mrs. Hunt have spent a great deal of time and labor in landscaping the grounds. They have three children: William A., Jr., who graduated from the Ottumwa High School in 1929 and is now an Iowa representative in the United States Military Academy at West Point; Dorothy, who graduated from the Ottumwa High School in 1929 and is a student in the University of Iowa at Iowa City; and J. Paul, attending high school.




JOHN D. HUNTER, pioneer journalist, was born August 12, 1834, at Knoxville Jefferson County, Ohio.  His early education was acquired in the public schools and closed with two years in Ashland Academy.  At the age of fifteen he entered his father's printing office where he learned the trade, and when twenty, he issued the first number of the Hoosier Banner.  He came to Iowa in 1856, locating in 1858 at Eldora where he purchased a half interest in the Hardin County Sentinel.  He held a number of positions of trust in the county, and in 1863 removed his paper to Iowa Falls.  When the Civil War began Mr. Hunter resigned the office of county treasurer to enter the army where he served until peace was restored.  In 1867 he purchased the Hamilton Freeman, removing to Webster City which became his permanent home, where he has conducted that journal for more than thirty-six years.  He was elected to the House of the Twelfth General Assembly, representing the district composed of the counties of Wright, Hamilton, Franklin and Hancock, and serving two terms.  Mr. Hunter was the author of the first bill introduced into the Iowa General Assembly providing for a Board of Control for the management of the State institutions.  A favorable report was made by the committee to which the bill was referred, but it was defeated in the House.  He will be remembered long in the annals of wise legislation as the originator of the plan which after many years of consideration by Governors and legislators was enacted into law, working a great reform in the government of the public institutions of the State.  It has been already demonstrated that the adoption of Mr. Hunter's bill of thirty years ago would have saved to the State millions of dollars without in any way having detracted from the efficiency of the institutions.  In 1872 Mr. Hunter was appointed trustee of the Iowa Reform School.




JAMES G. HUTCHISON was born September 11, 1840, in Northumberland County, Pennsylvania.  He received a liberal education, graduating at Dickinson Seminary in 1862 after taking a four years' course.  He entered the army as first lieutenant, One Hundred Thirty-first Volunteer Infantry, serving in the Army of the Potomac at the great battles of Fredericksburg, Antietam and Chancellorsville.  He took part in the Gettysburg campaign as captain in the Twenty-eighth Infantry, called out to repel the Confederate invasion of Pennsylvania and received special mention for bravery in the assault on Maryes Hill at the Battle of Fredericksburg.  Returning from the war he graduated from the Cleveland Law School and removed to Iowa, locating at Ottumwa where he entered into partnership with Hon. E. H. Stiles.  In 1879 Captain Hutchinson was elected on the Republican ticket Representative in the House of the Eighteenth General Assembly.  In 1881 he was elected to the State Senate where by reelection he served eight years.  He was the author of the law for registering voters which has become the settled policy of the State.  As a member of the committees on judiciary, appropriations and chairman of ways and means he became the leader of the Senate and by wise measures relieved the State from a large indebtedness during his term of service.  In 1889 he was nominated for Governor by the Republican State Convention at the time when there was a large defection from the party on prohibition.  Mr. Hutchison made a strong canvas, standing manfully upon the prohibition platform adopted by his party, but the defection of the saloon element of the Republicans which went to the support of the Democratic candidate, elected Horace Boies Governor.  Captain Hutchison was for seven years president of the Ottumwa National Bank and has for a quarter of a century been the promoter of large business enterprises in Ottumwa.



Possessing that quality which has been aptly termed "the commercial sense,"C. W. Hoyer has arrived at the goal of success, occupying a commanding position in business circles of Battle Creek, and he is also a leader in civic affairs. He was born December 22, 1867, in Boonesboro, Iowa, and there spent the period of his youth, completing his studies in business college at Burlington. On starting out in life for himself, Mr. Hoyer entered the grain business, with which he was connected for several years, and in 1893 located at Battle Creek. He has since devoted his attention to the lumber industry, and an extensive business is the visible expression of his initiative, foresight and administrative powers. He has also invested his capital in farm land and owns a valuable ranch of two hundred and forty acres in Plymouth county.

In 1894 Mr. Hoyer was united in marriage to Miss Margaret Schwab, and four children were born to them, namely: Lelia, who is the wife of C. W. Ohlsen, a prosperous farmer residing in Plymouth county; Verne B., who acts as principal of the Battle Creek high school and is also married; Lawrence E., musician and banker at Mitchell, South Dakota; and Roland D., who is connected with the Maple Valley Savings Bank. Mrs. Hoyer is an earnest member of the Presbyterian church.

Mr. Hoyer is allied with the democratic party. His fellow townsmen, recognizing his worth and ability, have called him to positions of trust and responsibility, and in all of his official capacities he has shown the same executive force, keen sagacity and conscientious attention to detail which characterize his business dealings. He has been mayor of Battle Creek, was clerk of the court for twelve years and is now president of the school board. Along fraternal lines he is connected with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, the Knights of Pythias and the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. Mr. Hoyer has wrought effectively for the public good and the respect accorded him is well deserved.




To William C. Hudson there attaches a three-fold distinction. He is one of the first white children born in what is now Sioux City; he is the oldest livestock commission merchant in this city, having started with the establishment of the stockyards here over forty years ago; and he is the oldest hog salesman, both in point of age and years of service. It is also worthy of note that through all these years of active identification with the livestock business here he has at all times commanded the absolute confidence of all who have had dealings with him, for he has conducted his affairs according to the highest standard of business ethics.

William C Hudson was born in Sioux City, October 2, 1859, a son of Nathaniel C. and Helen R. (Joy) Hudson, both natives of Athens, Vermont. The mother was a sister of William L. Joy, who later became the law partner of Nathaniel C. Hudson, under the firm name of Hudson & Joy. N. C. Hudson lost his father when he was but a small child and the step-father not being acceptable to him, he ran away from home at the age of fourteen years. He worked in New York city for a number of years, during which time he practiced rigid economy, so that he was eventually able to take a course in law and also to bring his brothers to New York city and get them started in life. He studied in a law school in Poughkeepsie, New York, was admitted to the bar and in 1856, with William L. Joy, who later became his brother-in-law, and with his brother, Jerome Hudson, who later became a scout in General Sully's army, he came to Sioux City. Here Nathaniel Hudson and William L. Joy formed a law partnership, their office being in a log cabin at Fourth and Douglas streets. In 1858 Mr. Hudson returned to Vermont to marry his old schoolmate sweetheart, whom he brought to the frontier home. The mother became one of the incorporators of the Baptist church here, in whose welfare she was deeply interested. In 1866 Mr. Hudson, on account of the ill health of his wife, moved to St. Louis, Missouri, where he engaged in the tobacco manufacturing business. Later he formed the St. Louis Beef Canning Company (now the Swift Packing Company), conducting the business until 1885, when he sold his St. Louis interests and moved to southern California, where he lived retired until his death, about 1910. His widow survived him about three years, losing her life in an automobile accident. Mr. Hudson became an important factor in the commercial and industrial affairs of St. Louis and was active and influential in civic affairs. He served several years as city collector and represented that district in the Missouri state senate.

William C. Hudson entered school at the early age of four years, attending three years in the Sioux City public schools and then entering the St. Louis schools, where he was graduated from the high school in 1876. He completed his education training in Washington University and then went to work in the plant of the St. Louis Beef Canning Company. In 1880 he went to Leadville, Colorado, during the height of the gold excitement, and spent two years there and in the Gunnison country. He next went to Paris, Tennessee, where he remained until the fall of 1885, when he returned to Sioux City and became identified with the livestock industry in association with A. S. Garrettson, who owned a large ranch in Woodbury county. Mr. Hudson grazed cattle on the ranch in summer and fed them during the winter but the venture proved unprofitable and in 1887, when the Sioux City stockyards were founded, he came into the city and engaged in the livestock commission business. Thus his subsequent career and the history of the organized livestock business in this city are practically coincident. During these years there have been several changes in the style of his firm, but about 1915 the present firm, the Hudson-Gibbs Commission Company, succeeded the Hudson Commission Company. Mr. Hudson is president of the company and is hog salesman for the firm, having served in that capacity for the past thirty-seven years.

On May 6, 1885, Mr. Hudson was united in marriage to Miss Lena Mariner, of Oleatha, Kansas, and to them have been born two children, namely: Leonard C., who is a cattle dealer in Sioux City; and Mary Frances, who is the wife of Rex Large, a nationally-known journalist, for some years on the editorial staff of the New York Times and now in charge of the Des Moines Register and Tribune. Mr. Hudson is a member of Landmark Lodge, No. 103, A. F. and A. M.; Sioux City Consistory, No. 5, A. A. S. R.; Abu-Bekr Temple, A. A. O. N. M. S., and of Sioux City Lodge, No. 112, B. P. O. E., to which order he has belonged for thirty-seven years. He is a member of the Sioux City Country Club, a charter member of the Sioux City Boat Club and a member of the Boys of Sixty-eight. He has always been actively interested in the prosperity of the Sioux City Live Stock Exchange, of which he served fourteen years as president, vice-president and member of the board of directors. For a number of years in the early life of the organization, he was treasurer of the National Live Stock Association. Mrs. Hudson, her children and her grandchildren are communicants of the Protestant Episcopal church and she has long been active in church, club and social work. Even tempered, patient, scrupulously honest in all the relations of life, hospitable and charitable, Mr. Hudson has a host of warm and loyal friends throughout this community and no citizen of Sioux City is held in higher esteem than he.



, one of the progressive citizens of Holstein, has made the newspaper business his life work and is widely and favorably known in journalistic circles of northwestern Iowa. He was born July 10, 1874, and was but two years old when his parents, Otto R. and Doris (Heitman) Hueschen, made the voyage from Germany to the United States. They established their home in St. Louis, Missouri, and for a number of years the father followed the tailor's trade in that city. He was born in Orleans, France, while the mother was a native of Germany, and both have passed away. Ten children were born to them, namely: Otto, of Uniontown, Missouri; Dora, the wife of Ma Hirschfeldt, of St. Louis; Theodore, George and Martha, all of whom are deceased; Anna, who married Oscar Werner and lives in St. Louis; Henry, who died in infancy; Mary, who is also a resident of the Mound City; Max R.; and Frieda, deceased.

Max R. Hueschen attended the college at Springfield, Missouri, and was also a college student at Fort Wayne, Indiana. He completed his education in St.Louis University, from which he was graduated in 1894, and then entered the publishing business, with which he has been identified for more than thirty years. His initial experience was gained at Gray, Iowa, and in Gladbrook, Tama county, he started a paper which he conducted for eleven months. He next bought the Westside (Iowa) Journal, which he published until 1919, and then came to Holstein, purchasing the Advance, of which he has since been the owner.


The news of the paper is authentic and its columns are filled with good reading matter. The Advance now has a circulation of two thousand and is classed with the best weeklies of the state. Mr. Hueschen has a highly specialized knowledge of the publishing business and under his expert management the paper is growing steadily in power and usefulness.


In July, 1899, Mr. Hueschen married Martha (Pacholke) Hueschen, a native of Germany, and they have six children: Irene, Elfrida, Alice, Hilda, Otto and Herbert. Mr. Hueschen is a stanch adherent of the republican party and his fraternal affiliations are with the Masonic order and the Woodmen of the World. He has a high conception of the dignity and responsibility of his profession and has always used his influence for worthy ends. his work as a progressive newspaper man has been a vital force in the development of this district, and he bases his xealous support of the locality upon a comprehensive knowledge of its opportunities and resources.




JOHN ALBERT TIFFIN HULL, of Des Moines, Representative from the Seventh District, composed of the counties of Dallas, Madison, Marion, Polk, Story and Warren, was born at Sabina, Clinton county, Ohio, May 1, 1841; removed with his parents to Iowa in 1849; was educated in public schools, Ashbury (Ind.) University, and Iowa Wesleyan College, at Mount Pleasant; was graduated from the Cincinnati (Ohio) Law School in the spring of 1862; enlisted in the Twenty-third Iowa Infantry July, 1862; was first lieutenant and captain; was wounded in the charge on intrenchments at Black River May 17, 1863; resigned on account of wounds, October, 1863; was elected Secretary of State in 1878 and re-elected in 1880 and 1882; was elected Lieutenant-Governor in 1885 and re-elected in 1880 and 1882; was elected Lieutenant-Governor in 1885 and re-elected in 1887; is engaged in farming and banking; was elected to the fifty-second, Fifty-third, Fifty-fourth, Fifty-fifth, Fifty-sixth, Fifty-seventh, Fifty-eighth, Fifty-ninth, Sixtieth and Sixty-first Congresses. Republican in politics.



HARRIET EARLE HUNT, founder of the Sioux City Stylus and one of Iowa's first women editors and publishers, was born in Ohio on the 3d of April, 1840. She was the daughter of William Y. and Amelia Earle. Ralph Earle, her great-great-great-great-grandfather, came over from England in approximately the year 1634 and settled in Portsmouth, Rhode Island. He took a prominent part in public affairs of that town, being a member of the town council, and a representative of Portsmouth at all the out-of-town councils. He appears as a member of an important council of the New England states in 1645. His decease is surmised to have occurred about 1678.

His son, William Earle, was also a prominent citizen of Portsmouth, Rhode Island, and died in 1715. William's son, Ralph Earle, was born in Portsmouth in 1660, but moved to Leicester, Massachusetts, where he died in 1757, bequeathing large tracts of land to his children. Ralph's son, Robert Earle, was born in Leicester, Massachusetts, in 1706 and died in 1796. Fond of equestrianism, he rode until he had reached the age of eighty-nine, traveling at these advanced years from Leicester to Chester, Vermont, in one day. Robert's son, George Earle, was born in 1735, and moved to Chester, Vermont, as a young man. He was captain of a company of Chester (Vermont) militia throughout the Revolutionary war, and his son, Frederick Earle, served throughout the Revolution as a private in his father's company. A gunsmith, George Earle passed away in 1806, and his son in 1847 at Chester, Vermont. Then followed William Young Earle, son of Frederick Earle and the father of Harriet. Soon after her birth her parents went in a covered wagon to Maquoketa, Iowa, via Chicago, which was then called Fort Dearborn. Her father was offered a large tract of land in what is now the heart of Chicago in exchange for his outfit, but the land looked so swampy and unattractive that Mr. Earle refused to consider the offer, and drove on farther west. He settled in Maquoketa and raised a family of thirteen children.

Harriet Earle received her education at the Maquoketa Academy and specialized in music. One of her instructors was the late Professor Mueller, who afterward was junior partner in the firm of Schmoller & Mueller at Council Bluffs, Iowa.

On October 8, 1864, Harriet Earle was united in marriage at De Witt, Iowa, to Gilbert Watson Hunt, a young newspaper man of Maquoketa, Iowa. Their eldest son, Charles E. Hunt, was born here on the 14th of August, 1865. A few years later the family moved to Monticello, Iowa, where Mr. Hunt became editor and proprietor of the Jones County Liberal, which afterward became the Democrat. They made their home in Monticello, where their children, Harry and Kittie, twins, Louise Adella, George Lytton and Fred Ralph, were born. In thespring of 1880 they removed to Fonda, Iowa, where Mr. Hunt founded the Fonda Democrat. There was born a daughter, Susan, who died at the age of three months. The family next removed to Storm Lake, Iowa, where Mr. Hunt edited a democratic paper for a short time. In 1883 the family located in Le Mars, Iowa, where Mr. Hunt edited the Daily Democrat, which later became a tri-weekly and next a weekly publication. This paper, now known as the Post, is still in existence at Le Mars. A son, Arthur Clarkson, was born there. In the spring of 1886 the family located in Sioux City, where Mr. Hunt started the Democrat, a weekly paper.

On May 11, 1889, Mrs. Harriet Earle Hunt launched a free lance in the newspaper field which she named the Sioux City Stylus. It was distributed free of charge for a year, with advertising the source of revenue. At the end of the first year a subscription was charged and the paper became a vehicle for legal publications, which it has remained ever since. Mrs. Hunt was not only a pioneer business woman of Sioux City, but one of the first women editors and publishers in the state of Iowa. She possessed the same courage in blazing a trail in an untried field for women as her parents displayed in blazing a trail through to a new part of the country, with its many attendant dangers.

Mrs. Hunt continued the publication of the stylus until March 19, 1906, when she passed away at the age of sixty-five. She had helped her sons to gain a college education and had educated her daughters in music. She maintained high ideals in her newspaper work, despite the fact that she often lost in a commercial way. At her death her daughter, Mrs. Kathryn Hunt James, took up her work and has maintained her mother's ideals.

Mrs. James is the author of two books, "Wayside Glints," which was published in 1898, and "Sparkling Shots," published in 1901, besides many other human interest narratives which she has published in the Syltus throughout many years and which have been widely quoted. The Sioux City Stylus recently celebrated its thirty-seventh anniversary. The editorial and business headquarters are situated on the sixth floor of the Woodbury county courthouse, in connection with the Sioux City Law Library, of which Mrs. James is assistant librarian. Mrs. James is affiliated with the Sioux City Woman's Club, the Business and Professional Women's Club, the Sioux City Humane Society, the Women's Christian Temperance Union and several other organizations. She was recently appointed chairman of a censorship committee on literature by Mayor W. S. Gilman.



Charles E. Hunt, the eldest son, was united in marriage at Sioux City, Iowa, in 1890, to Miss Grace Barnes, who passed away in the spring of 1896. He was married to Miss Florence Reynolds, of Cedar Rapids, Iowa, in 1899. Two children were born of this union, Hayward and Louise. The family is living in Seattle, Washington, where Mr. Hunt is commercial editor of the Post-Intelligencer.

Harry H. Hunt, the second son, was united in marriage at Sioux City, Iowa, April 14, 1898, to Miss Aldea Delier of Sioux City. Two children, Charles Arthur and Harry Pierre, were born on October 19, 1899, and February 3, 1901, respectively. Harry H. Hunt passed away on the 8th of February, 1920.

Louise Adella Hunt passed away at Sioux City, Iowa, September 18, 1895, at the age of twenty-four.

Fred R. Hunt was united in marriage to Mrs. Zaidee Pease at Chicago in 1908.  One son, Fred Hunt, was born to this union. Mr. Hunt is editor of the Chicago Leader at Chicago, Illinois.



Arthur Clarkson Hunt was united in marriage to Miss Gertrude Glaate of Buffalo, New York, in 1913. One daughter, Martha Jane Hunt, was born March 25, 1921. Mr. Hunt resides at 44 Rugby Road, Buffalo, New York.

George Lytton Hunt is unmarried and resides at Denver, Colorado, a printer by trade.




For nearly forty years Robert Hunter has been actively and successfully engaged in the practice of law in Sioux City, and during the period he has been connected as counsel with much of the important litigation in the courts of this county and has earned a reputation as an exceptionally sound and safe counselor, while in the trial of cases he is fully able to cope with any of his compeers. Born on his father's farm in Butler county, Iowa, on the 12th of January, 1858, he is a son of James and Caroline (Mears) Hunter, the former a native of Belfast, Ireland, while the latter was born and reared in Warren county, Indiana. The father came to the United States in 1849, when thirty-two years of age, going at once to Indiana. For a short time he was employed in Crawfordsville, after which he hired out to the man who later became his father-in-law. In 1852 he was married and two years afterward brought his wife to Iowa, settling on the southwest quarter of section 13, township 91, range 17 west, in Butler county, buying the land for a dollar and a quarter an acre.


Here he created a good farm and spent the remaining years of his life, his death occurring in April, 1888, at the age of seventy-one years. He was prominent and influential in his community and held a number of township offices.

Robert Hunter acquired his elementary education in the district schools of Butler county and then attended Lenox College, a Presbyterian institution at Hopkinton, Iowa, where he was graduated with the degree of Bachelor of Science in 1879. Two years later that college granted him the degree of Master of Science. After leaving Lenox, he entered the law school of Iowa State University, where he won the degree of Bachelor of Laws in 1881. In January, 1882,he opened a law office at Aberdeen, South Dakota, remaining there until 1886, when he moved to Hartington, Nebraska, where he maintained an office one year. He then came to Sioux City and has since been engaged in the practice here. He ha gained a high place in the ranks of his profession, winning the confidence of the public and the respect of his colleagues, while financially he has been successful to a very gratifying degree. In 1898 he founded the Western Land and Loan Company, of which he has been president since its incorporation in that year. He has taken an active interest in public affairs and in 1908 was elected to the state senate, where he served four years with ability and distinction.

On October 19, 1881, Mr. Hunter was united in marriage to Miss Olive Ann Merrill, who was born and reared in Butler county, Iowa and to them have been born two children: Jane May, who is the wife of Martin Luther Sloan, Jr., electrical engineer with the General Electric Company at Cleveland, Ohio, and Cora Martha, who is the wife of T. M. Hyatt, an ex-navy officer who is now engaged in the real estate, loan and life insurance business in San Pedro, California. The mother died May 13, 1917. Mr. Hunter is a member of the Presbyterian church, to which he gives generous support. Fraternally, he is a member of Landmark Lodge, No. 103, Ancient Free and Accepted Masons; Sioux City Chapter, No. 26, Royal Arch Masons; Columbian Commandery, No. 18, Knights Templar; Sioux City Consistory, No. 5, Ancient Accepted Scottish Rite; Abu-Bekr Temple, Ancient Arabic Order of Nobles of the Mystic Shrine; Sioux City Lodge, No. 112, Benevolent Protective Order of Elks; Sioux City Lodge, No. 164, Independent Order of Odd Fellows, belonging also to the Uniformed Rank, of which he was colonel in 1904. Mr. Hunter has received distinctive preferment in the Masonic order, being at the present time most illustrious master of the grand council of Royal and Select Masters of the state of Iowa, while in October,1915, the honorary thirty-third degree was conferred on him in recognition and appreciation of his eminent services in the order. He is a member of the Sioux City Boar Club and of the Sioux City Chamber of Commerce. He is a man of great energy, and of keen and vigorous mind, and does well whatever he undertakes. As lawyer and lawmaker he has left his impress on the history of his native state and is yet active in molding its destiny.



Among the active and successful members of the legal profession in Greene county stands William Emslie Scott Hutcheon, who is now serving his third successive term as county attorney. Mr. Hutcheon is a well educated, forceful and progressive man, and his record thus far has gained for him the respect of the entire county. He was born in Webster county, this state, about fourteen miles north of Jefferson, on the 30th of May, 1896, and is a son of James and Elsie (Yeats) Hutcheon. His parents were natives of Scotland, where they were reared and educated. They came to the United States, the father at the age of twenty-two years and the mother at eighteen years. Both came to Iowa, the father settling in Greene county and the mother in Montezuma, where she had an aunt living. After their marriage, the father engaged in farming, which pursuit he has followed to the present time, now living about two miles west of Jefferson.

W. E. S. Hutcheon secured his elementary education in the public schools of Jefferson and then entered Iowa State University, where he was graduated, with the degree of Bachelor of Arts, in 1918. He also received the degree of Bachelor of Laws, from the law school of that university, in 1920. He was admitted to the bar and immediately entered upon the active practice of his profession in Jefferson, and he quickly received recognition as an able and competent lawyer. In 1922 he was elected to the office of county attorney, to which he was reelected in 1924 and 1926, and is now holding that office. His official record has been marked by faithful and effective service and he is today regarded as one of the most reliable and competent county attorneys Greene county has ever had.

In February, 1924, Mr. Hutcheon was united in marriage to Miss Elsie Hubbard, of Montgomery county, this state, and they are the parents of a son, James Francis. Mr. Hutcheon is a veteran of the World war, having enlisted early in 1918. He was stationed at several camps in this country, and attended the officers' training school at Camp Zachary Taylor, where he was trained for the cavalry service and received a lieutenant's commission. Early in October he was assigned to the Sixty-second Field Artillery and was stationed at El Paso, Texas, being subsequently transferred to Camp Jackson, South Carolina, where his regiment remained until the close of the war. Mr. Hutcheon is a member of Morning Star Lodge, No. 159, Ancient Free and Accepted Masons; Cornerstone Chapter, No. 64, Royal Arch Masons, and Floyd W. Brown Post, No. 11, American Legion, belonging also to the Jefferson Country Club. He possesses to a marked degree those traits that commend a man to the good favor of his fellows, and he is numbered among those who by their lives and their labors are honoring and dignifying their community.