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Roster and Record of Iowa Troops In the Rebellion, Vol. 5

By Guy E. Logan

HISTORICAL SKETCH OF THE ONE HUNDRED DAY ORGANIZATIONS

(Forty-fourth. Forty-fifth, Forty-sixth and Forty-seventh Regiments of Iowa Volunteer Infantry,

and the Forty-eighth Iowa Infantry Battalion.)

The history of the Forty-first Iowa Infantry Battalion ended the series of Iowa organizations

whose original terms of service included a period of three years. The organization of the Fortysecond

and Forty-third Regiments of Infantry was begun, but was subsequently abandoned. In

his report or the year 1863, Adjutant General Baker says: "The Forty-second and Forty-third

Infantry will in all probability not be filled up. The attempt to raise a regiment or battalion of

sharpshooters and another battery of artillery will probably also fail at this time, but the men

enlisted will undoubtedly fill up other organizations." In his report for the year 1864, he says: "In

my last report I suggested that the Forty-second and Forty-third Infantry would not be filled. A

large portion of the men raised for these regiments were subsequently transferred to the Sixth

and Seventh Cavalry."

At the beginning of the Year 1864, it became evident that the States engaged in rebellion

were determined to resist to the last extremity. Notwithstanding the defeats to which they had

been subjected, they had established new lines of defense, had largely increased the strength of

their armies, and had made every possible preparation for prolonged resistance. President

Lincoln had approved the plans of General Grant for the prompt inauguration of decisive

measures, by bringing to bear all the resources of the Government, and prosecuting the war in

such a vigorous manner as would result in total defeat of the rebellion at all points, and bring

about a lasting peace. The sacrifice of many thousands of lives was involved in the tremendous

struggle. The Governors of the loyal states were called to Washington and. in consultation with

the President and Secretary of War, agreed to supply the number of troops necessary to take the

places of the killed and wounded, in the great battles that must be fought before the de sired

result could be accomplished. There were a large number of well trained Union soldiers then

engaged in the performance of garrison duty at various important military posts. Some of these

posts were located in the Northern States where many thousands of rebel prisoners were

confined, but the greater number were located in the Southern States, where depots of supplies

for the Union armies had been established. Troops were also stationed along the lines of railroad

over which soldiers of all arms of the service, together with rations and all the necessary

munitions oft war, were constantly passing to the front. It was a matter of the greatest importance

that these lines of railroad should be securely guarded.

1 Reports of Adjutant General of Iowa, 1863, Vol. 1, page XIV, and 1884, page iv.

In order to relieve the troops thus engaged and to utilize their Services in actual warfare

against the enemy the Governors of several of the loyal States were called upon to raise one

hundred thousand soldiers to Serve for one hundred days. As the result of a conference held at

the War Department in Washington in the latter part of April 1864 the following proposition was

submitted to the President:

WAR DEPARTMENT, WASHINGTON, D. C., APRIL 21, 1864.

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TO THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES:

First: The Governors of Ohio Indiana Illinois Iowa and Wisconsin; offer to the President Infantry

troops for the approaching campaign as follows:

Ohio......................30 000

Indiana..................20 000

Illinois...................20,000

Iowa......................10,000

Wisconsin...............5,000

Second: The term of service to be one hundred days reckoning from the date of muster into

the service of the United States unless sooner discharged.

Third: The troops to be mustered Into the service of the United States by regiments when the

regiments are filled up according to regulations to the minimum strength. The regiments to be

organized according to the regulations of the War Department. The whole number to be

furnished within twenty days from date of notice of the acceptance of this proposition

Fourth: The troops to be enlisted, armed, equipped, subsisted, transported and paid as other

United States Infantry Volunteers and to serve in fortifications or wherever their services may be

required within or without their respective States.

Fifth: No bounty to be paid the troops nor the service charged or credited on any draft.

Sixth: The draft for three years service to go on In any State or District where the quota is not

filled up; but if any officer or soldier in this special service should be drafted he shall be credited

for the service rendered.

JOHN BROUGH, Governor of Ohio.

O. P. MORTON, Governor of Indiana.

RICHARD YATES, Governor of Illinois.

W. M. STONE, Governor of Iowa.

The foregoing proposition of the Governors is accepted and the Secretary of War is directed

to carry it Into execution.

April 23, 1864. 2

2 Report of Adjutant General of Iowa 1865 Vol. 2 page 911.

A. LINCOLN.

Upon the acceptance of the proposition by the President Governor Stone (then in

Washington) issued the following address to the people of Iowa:

WASHINGTON D. C. April 25 1864.

The President has agreed to accept from the Northwestern States the services of one hundred

thousand volunteers for a period of one hundred days from the time of their mustering into

service for the purpose of enabling the veteran troops to be rushed forward and achieve decisive

results over the enemy in the approaching campaign. With this augmentation of the army, it is

confidently believed that the rebellion can be substantially crushed during the present season. I

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have promised the President ten regiments of this new force and earnestly call upon the patriotic

people of Iowa to aid me by their active co-operation In redeeming this promise. We can thus

render most essential service In serving our glorious Union and rescue our land from the horrors

of protracted war. The period of service will be short and I trust glorious; in bringing with It the

restoration of peace. Those who have heretofore been unable to participate In the stirring scenes

of this war may now do so honorably and with but little inconvenience to themselves. Fresh

laurels are to be won. and additional honor achieved for our State. Let us go to work in earnest in

every county. Not a moment should be lost. Companies at their organization may choose their

own officers and great care will be observed In the selection of field officers for the same. The

pay and allowances will be the same as for other troops. Companies must report to the Adjutant

General at Davenport as fast as they are filled. The entire number must be raised within twenty

days It possible. Let not brave young Iowa now jeopardize her fame by falling behind her sister

States of the North-West.

W. M. STONE, Governor of Iowa.

A circular letter was also prepared by Adjutant General Baker and together with the

foregoing address of Governor Stone was widely distributed over the State. General Bakers letter

is here quoted as follows:

STATE OF IOWA. ADJUTANT GENERAL'S OFFICE

DAVENPORT, IOWA APRIL 27, 1864

The Governor of the State has authorized and directed that ten thousand men be raised for the

United States service for one hundred days. Recruiting commissions will be issued to any

responsible parties for this service. Applications must be made therefor in writing and where the

applicants are unknown to this Department the application must be endorsed by well known

citizens. Organized militia companies which desire to enter this service must make immediate

application to this office. Clothing and ten thousand Enfield rifles and accouterments are on the

way for these volunteers. While the State of Iowa is far ahead of all requisitions made upon her

for troops she is ready to make further sacrifices in the holy cause in which the Government is

engaged. She volunteers again in defense of the flag which has protected her citizens and her

rights. Let Iowans promptly meet this call. Let the old men be active In the good cause and let

the young men teach their seniors that they can equal them. Let the old and young men and

women wife and maiden vie with each other in their exertions to send troops to the field to

enable the veterans of Iowa and other States to mass their invincible cohorts on the columns of

the enemy.

N. B. BAKER Adjutant General of IOWA 4

It will be noted that General Baker makes the statement that the State of Iowa had not only

filled all the requisitions of the Government for her quota of troops but had sent into the field a

much larger number than had previously been called for under the proclamations of the

President. From her comparatively sparse population she had already contributed more than her

share of the troops for the defense of the Union. While Governor Stone and General Baker did

not put too high an estimate upon the patriotism of the people of the State it became evident that

the promise to furnish ten thousand additional troops within the brief limit of twenty days could

not be fully complied with. Although the. time was subsequently somewhat extended, it was not

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until the great closing campaigns of the war Were fully under way that the last troops which

were raised in Iowa for the one hundred day service had been mustered into the service of the

United States and were on their way to the station to which they had been assigned. The addition

thus made to the Union armies accomplished the results which had been anticipated and hastened

the end of the war.

3 Report of Adjutant General of Iowa 1865, Vol. 2 page 918.

4 Report of Adjutant General of Iowa 1865, Vol. 2 pages 918 19

The compiler has found but scant material in the military archives of the State from which to

prepare the historical sketches of the operations of this group of four regiments and one battalion

of infantry which Went forth, under tine call of the Governor, for the one hundred days of

service, in 1864. Complete rosters of the live organizations are found in the published report of

Adjutant General Baker, for the year 1865, and the files are found to contain the regular monthly

returns, showing the number present for duty, the number sick in hospital, and the casualties that

had occurred. There is but one official report, however, giving an; account of conflict with the

enemy, and the casualties sustained therein. The regular returns show the number of deaths from

disease, from drownings, and other accidents. The service performed was mainly such as

pertained to the duties of troops at the posts formerly occupied by the soldiers who had been

relieved by these short term men, and who were sent to the front for active service against the

enemy. The records show only the one instance—heretofore referred to—in which the enemy

was encountered by any portion of these troops, and yet the service rendered by them, in

guarding prisoners, picketing the approaches to the posts they occupied, protecting public

property, guarding railroads, and receiving and forwarding supplies to the armies at the front,

was of very great value to the government. They were true and loyal soldiers, performed all the

duties required of them With fidelity, and many of them—before the one hundred days for which

they had enlisted had expired—re-enlisted, and were transferred to regiments then engaged in

active service, where some of them met death on the battlefield, others died from wounds or

disease, and those who survived lengthened out their service until the close of the war. Evidence

of the high appreciation of the services of these one hundred day regiments is exhibited in the

following Special Executive Order of the President:

WASHINGTON, OCTOBER 6, 186

TO THE GOVERNOR OF IOWA:

The following order has been made by the President, and the Adjutant General is preparing

certificates for the officers and soldiers of Your State, which will be forwarded to you for

distribution.

EDWIN M. STANTON, SECRETARY OF WAR.

EXECUTIVE MANSION, WASHINGTON CITY, October 1, 1864.

Special Executive Order; returning thanks to the volunteers for one hundred days, from the

States of Indiana, Illinois, Iowa, and Wisconsin.

The term of one hundred days for which the volunteers from the States of Indiana, Illinois,

Iowa and Wisconsin volunteered under the last call of their respective Governors, in the months

of May and June, to aid in the recent campaign of General Sherman, having expired, the

President directs an official acknowledgment of their patriotic services. It was their good fortune

to render effective service in the brilliant operations in the South-west, and to contribute to the

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victories of the National arms over the rebel forces in Georgia, under the command of Johnston

and Hood. On all occasions and in every service to which they were assigned; their duty as

patriotic volunteers was performed with alacrity and courage for which they are entitled to and

are hereby rendered the National thanks through the Governors of their respective states.

The Secretary of War is directed to transmit a copy of this order to the Governors of Indiana,

Illinois, Iowa, and Wisconsin, and to cause a certificate of their honor able services to be

delivered to the officers and soldiers of the States above mentioned, who recently served in the

military force of the United States as Volunteers for one hundred days.

ABRAHAM LINCOLN 5

5 Report of Adjutant General of Iowa, 1866, vol. 2, page 930.

In addition to the foregoing description of the general character of the service rendered by all

these organizations, the compiler avails himself of the limited amount of material at his

command to present a brief historical sketch of each of the regiments and of the one infantry

battalion. 6 These sketches complete the record of the one hundred day organizations from Iowa.

They were called into the service to meet an emergency, at the most critical period of the war,

and right nobly id they respond to the call.

6 See Historical Sketch preceding Roster of each one hundred day organization.