Jefferson County Online
One-Room Schools, 1939


This page is a listing of the One-Room Schools in the county as of 1939, courtesy of our retired Correspondence Secretary Verda Baird, followed by a letter she wrote to the editor of "The Fairfield Ledger" to advise the materials collected regarding one-room schools. There is a book at the Fairfield Library with photos of these schools (noted by a 'yes' in the Photo column) but at this time we are not able to present those photos online due to copyright concerns. However, we have a private contribution for Upper Richwoods School, and a photo of Peach Blossom School from the local paper which are linked here. Copies of one or two school photos from the library book for your personal use may be obtained by contacting our Research Assistant. If you have a photo you'd like to contribute to the site, or you have fond memories of attending one of the schools, contact the Webmaster and we'll be glad to link it to the appropriate school. One-room schoolhouses in Jefferson County were regularly used until 1958 when they were closed in favor of larger multiple-room schools.


Township Number Name / Nickname Photo
BLACKHAWK # 1 none yes
BLACKHAWK # 2 PHILADELPHIA yes
BLACKHAWK # 3 BLUE POINT no
BLACKHAWK # 4 GREASY FLAT no
BLACKHAWK # 5 none yes
BLACKHAWK # 6 none yes
BLACKHAWK # 7 PLEASANT GROVE yes
BLACKHAWK # 8 BOSTON yes
BLACKHAWK # 9 PRAIRIE GEM no
BUCHANAN # 1 UPPER RICHWOODS yes
BUCHANAN # 2 PRAIRIE CHAPEL yes
BUCHANAN # 3 CHANDLER yes
BUCHANAN # 4 none yes
BUCHANAN # 5 EGYPT / BECKWITH yes
BUCHANAN # 6 PARSONSVILLE no
CEDAR # 1 TROY POINT yes
CEDAR # 2 BRADSHAW yes
CEDAR # 3 ANKROM yes
CEDAR # 4 FRY yes
CEDAR # 5 SLABTOWN yes
CEDAR # 6 PEACHBLOSSOM yes
CENTER # 1 none yes
CENTER # 2 STEVER yes
CENTER # 3 PLUM GROVE yes
CENTER # 4 ELM GROVE yes
CENTER # 5 HARDSCRABBLE yes
CENTER # 6 none yes
CENTER # 8 NELSON no
CENTER # 9 CENTER yes
CENTER # 11 VILLAGE yes
DES MOINES # 1 BUZZARD GLORY yes
DES MOINES # 2 none no
DES MOINES # 3 COUNTY LINE no
DES MOINES # 4 none no
DES MOINES # 5 WILSON / MILLER yes
DES MOINES # 6 RABBIT DELIGHT yes
DES MOINES # 7 TURKEY SCRATCH yes
DES MOINES # 8 none yes
LIBERTY # 1 WAXBUD no
LIBERTY # 2 BALDWIN yes
LIBERTY # 3 LIBERTYVILLE IND. yes
LIBERTY # 4 PLUM COLLEGE yes
LIBERTY # 5 COUNTY HOME no
LIBERTY # 6 RANEY yes
LIBERTY # 7 HEBRON yes
LIBERTY # 8 EAGLE yes
LIBERTY # 9 ROTH no
LOCKRIDGE # 1 CRACKER NECK / UNION yes
LOCKRIDGE # 2 FOUR CORNERS yes
LOCKRIDGE # 3 SALINA yes
LOCKRIDGE # 4 GLENDALE yes
LOCKRIDGE # 5 HARMONY yes
LOCKRIDGE # 6 LOCKRIDGE yes ( 5 )
LOCKRIDGE # 7 ELM GROVE yes
LOCKRIDGE # 8 VICTORY yes
LOCKRIDGE # 9 MOHAWK yes
LOCKRIDGE # 10 FAIRVIEW yes
LOCUST GROVE # 1 BROOKVILLE none
LOCUST GROVE # 2 HICKORY RIDGE none
LOCUST GROVE # 3 none none
LOCUST GROVE # 4 CROSS LANES yes
LOCUST GROVE # 5 Combined with #1 Brookville? no
LOCUST GROVE # 6 WALNUT HILL / CENTENNIAL yes
LOCUST GROVE # 7 none yes
PENN # 1 none no
PENN # 2 PLEASANT PLAIN yes
PENN # 3 none yes
PENN # 4 none no
PENN # 5 VEO no
PENN # 6 OAKLEAF / PERLEE yes
PENN # 7 WALNUT yes
PENN # 8 HAWKEYE yes
PENN # 9 LYNN yes
PENN # 10 PRAIRIE STAR yes
POLK # 1 GILLETTE no
POLK # 2 DEVILS LAKE yes
POLK # 3 INDIANA yes
POLK # 4 RYMAN no
POLK # 5 ABINGDON yes
POLK # 6 BELLEVILLE no
POLK # 7 LINBY yes
POLK # 8 DOG NECK / PL. VIEW yes
ROUND PRAIRIE # 1 VEGA yes
ROUND PRAIRIE # 2 GLASGOW yes
ROUND PRAIRIE # 3 GRANT yes
ROUND PRAIRIE # 4 MT. ZION yes
ROUND PRAIRIE # 5 CLAY HILL yes
ROUND PRAIRIE # 6 UNION yes
ROUND PRAIRIE # 7 PLEASANT HILL / SWEDE yes
WALNUT # 1 SPRING CREEK yes
WALNUT # 2 SLOUGHVILLE yes
WALNUT # 3 LOWER RICHWOODS yes
WALNUT # 4 SHARP CORNER yes
WALNUT # 5 GERMANVILLE yes
WALNUT # 6 POLISHVILLE / POLAND yes
WALNUT # 7 Combined with #8 Burr Oak? no
WALNUT # 8 BURR OAK IND. yes

Verda's letter to the "Ledger" editor

"The Fairfield Ledger"
Thursday, June 7, 2012
Page 4

One-room school records gathered

As a follow up to my request in April for old one-room school attendance and grades, this is to report I received 19 books. My destination was the new statewide archives at the Univ. of Northern Iowa in Cedar Falls at their big library on campus. It makes a total of 293 for Jefferson County.

They have received records now from 88 of the 99 Iowa counties and are alphabetical by county in long, long aisles. Some of the fragile ones are in acid-free boxes.

Among the donations were from Walnut, Penn and Round Prairie townships. The earliest was 1891, and most recent 1936. In 1901, Vega school in the far southeast corner of Round Prairie the teacher had 50 pupils and was paid $20.00 a month. She did NOT return the next year.

In the front of some of these bound books was the plan for 15 minutes each day on how to keep each age group busy as the teacher was involved with another age class.

I also took a map I had received from a Billings, Mont., genealogist raised here in Jefferson County. It showed all the zigzag outlines of each of our 105 rural school districts. I also shared the number of the township district and school nicknames.

Did you attend one of them? Egypt, Slabtown, Hardscrabble, Buzzard Glory, Rabbit Delight, Cracker Neck, Hickory Ridge Oakleaf, Prairie Star, Devils Lake, Dog Neck, Sloughville, Clay Hill or Peachblossom. There are 19 schools for which no picture has ever been located having been torn down, or burned prior to 1975.

At year's end there was a long detailed questionnaire for the teacher to fill in. Among the questions with answers as early as 1891: Is the law requiring effects of stimulants and narcotics to be taught fully complied with? (yes); Average cost of tuition per month per pupil? (79 cents); Do you display the flag each day weather permitting? (no flag or flag pole); Size of my school? (28x24x11-high) Chairs for visitors (1) Dictionaries; (0) Encyclopedia (0); Globe (0); Thermometer (0); Clock (0); Framed pictures (0); Directors visiting school (0); Special programs (Halloween and Christmas); Newspaper (0); Farm paper (Wallaces Farmer); Do you supervise the playground? (yes); Do you have playground equipment? (none); Have a good well? (no); Linear Feet of Blackboard (none); Interior walls in good condition (0); Oiled floor (yes).

Before my daughter and I left, I inquired if there were records for rural Burlington, where my mother attended 1910-1918. She quickly referred to her computer and found I was "out of luck."

In stopping at the college museum, we learned funds have been cut and everything in it has to be disposed of as it closes to the public July 1st. Their large and small stuffed animal display is really eye catching and the archivist doubted if they could survive moving. You can read all about it at: https://museum.library.uni.edu.

Fairfield can be so thankful for what we have at the Carnegie Museum.

--Verda Baird, Fairfield


This page was created on 19 June 2012 and is copyrighted. This page may be copied and used for personal purposes but can not be republished nor used for commercial purposes without the author's written permission.

I am the County Coordinator and the Webmaster, the one who is responsible for the IAGenWeb project for Jefferson County, Iowa. Please contact me if you would like to contribute to this database or if you note any problems with these pages.

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Country schoolhouse picture courtesy of webweaver.nu.