In January, 1863, the Chicago Tribune
called Mahony "the Dubuque traitor; the spawn of a
felon's cell." The Dubuque Herald ridiculed the appointment
of Herron to a major-generalship and said: "His appointment
is a suggestive commentary on the poverty- stricken military ability
which characterizes the Federal army." Children of loyal
parents sang during recess at the public schools "John Brown,"
which act was objected to by disloyal parents.
"The record we have labored to make up
is one of opposition to the war--not a factious but a frank and
conscientious opposition. We did not believe that war could restore
the Union of these states," said the Dubuque Herald of February
The Dubuque Daily Times declared on February 20, 1863,
that the administration had just as much right to suppress a paper
which was opposed to it as it had to spike a cannon of the enemy.
The Herald asked the citizens if they were willing to submit
to such extinguishment of the rights of free press.
The Dubuque Herald and all disloyalists were so outspoken in February
that the Dubuque Daily Times and the Union men planned to secure here
a branch of the Loyal League. Such a company was organized at
Cascade early in 1863.
"In view of the disloyal and treasonable conspiracy against
the government of the United States, for its overthrow by its
enemies, and which is evidently fast developing itself throughout
the Northwest, we whose names are hereunto subscribed do agree
and form ourselves into a company or association to be called
the "Cascade National Union Guard," to co-operate with
like associations in this state, for the protection of life, liberty
and the Union, to hold in check disloyal organizations, or any
armed resistance to the laws, and at all times to be under the
control of the state of Iowa, to organize, meet and drill after
the manner of the state militia." Dr. W. H. Francis
was sponsor of this company. It was armed and commanded by ex-soldiers.
"Our citizens do not know that in our county a secret society
has begun to ramify--that in our city it has its adherents and
that William L. Bradley is one of its instruments. They
do not know that an S. B. society has been started here under
Abolition auspices in Chicago and is rapidly spreading over the
country. They think that when we warn the people of the danger
we are fools or alarmists and fearful of our own shadow. We tell
our readers that there is danger in the very air and that this
administration and its minions, unable to conquer and devastate
the South, are determined to conquer and subjugate the honest
Union loving, patriotic masses of the North. Abolitionism is bent
on mischief. Do our readers want further proof? They shall have
--(Dubuque Herald, February 24, 1863)
A spy of the Dubuque Herald reported that one
night he saw Bissell, Conger, Allison, Blocklinger,
David, Shiras, Adams and others steal out
one by one from a secret meeting in old Turner Hall. "What
did it mean?" was asked. The branch of the Loyal League was
thus organized in this city and supplied with arms by the authorities.
This fact angered the disloyalists. The Dubuque Herald advised
caution and said: "We must be cautious in bringing them within
the operation of the laws, that we do no wrong; we must meet them
at the ballot box." This movement checked for a time much
of the disloyalty here. The Dubuque Herald said the objects of
this society were to establish a military despotism. It was at
this time that the Dubuque Herald and its friends began to be milder
in their attacks on the administration and less rabid in their
strictures on the war. Abolitionism was taken into the school
elections and caused much bitterness.
"We are glad that the proprietor and editor of the Times
does not misunderstand our position. That office is safe just
so long as is the Dubuque Herald office undisturbed. We are assured
by Mr. Stewart that we are in no danger from mob violence.
That is sufficient. There will be no conflict between ourselves
or our friends and the friends of that establishment so long as
our rights are respected."
--(Dubuque Herald, February 25, 1863)
"There is danger in this society and it should be
met. The South is not subjugated and cannot be, but the North
is to be brought under the yoke. We believe if the people could
be aroused from their lethargy they would fling off the brood
which hover around and defile the sources of power."
--(Dubuque Herald, February 24, 1863)