"The Parade of Armed Union Leaguers.--The
offensive exhibition of about fifty Union Leaguers, Thursday,
armed with government muskets, has created no small amount of
talk and indignation. The reports are rife--reports, too, spread
by themselves, that in joining this organization they are released
from the operations of the draft by pledging themselves to the
service at home against the Democracy. If the madmen at the head
of affairs do not consider the feeling of opposition to the draft
already of sufficient magnitude, they are taking the very steps
to augment it. People do not look upon the impudent display of
a force ostensibly for their own subjection with much charity
or complacency. That it is not equal to the design matters nothing.
While we may not fear the fifty or sixty members of the Union
League, who paraded the streets on Thursday with their government
muskets, bayoneted and shotted, it does not follow that they are
(not) viewed with contempt. The intention is plain. It is asserted
that all the members of this company are by their so associating
exempted from the draft; and it is also asserted that still another
company is being raised for the same purpose. If this be so the
provost marshal is aware of it and the people should demand that
his knowledge be made public."
--(Herald, August 8, 1863)
In July several associations were formed to provide against the
draft; one was for each member to put up $50, which was to serve
as a fund to hire a substitute for any member of the association
who might be drafted. Pope Pius IX in a letter to Archbishop
Hughes, of New York, urged the latter to use his influence,
personal and episcopal, to put an end to the war in America. Mr.
Mahony withdrew permanently from the Dubuque Herald in August,
1863, and Stilson Hutchins assumed editorial management.
The Union Leaguers at Cascade were mostly Irish Orangemen and
Englishmen. About August 25, 1863, the enrollment was completed,
it was announced; the rolls were open to inspection. Those of
the first class in Dubuque county numbered 3117.
|They paraded on the special
Thanksgiving day proclaimed by the President.
a farmer residing on the North Cascade road, seven miles from
Dubuque, was arrested as a deserter, brought to town, put aboard
the James Means and sent down to Davenport. He had deserted,
it was said, from the Thirty-seventh Wisconsin regiment two years
About 8 o'clock August 12, 1863, two officers, D. E. Lyon
and Marshal Hungerford, tried to arrest Wendel
and Adam Jacobi, brothers, at their home in Peru
township on the charge of desertion and other offenses. They were
resisted, whereupon in the struggle the former was shot and mortally
wounded and the latter was seriously wounded. A third brother
assisted, but was not harmed. The coroner returned a verdict that
he came to his death by being shot with a pistol in the hands
of an unknown person willfully. The Dubuque Herald said: "No
cause was given for such extraordinary proceedings and the act
can only be characterized as it is by the jury, a most willful
murder. This horrible affair added to the harsh manner in which
young McLain was treated lately has stirred up a feeling
in the community which is fast becoming determined. Certainly
if something is not done to bring the offenders to justice there
is cause for alarm and independent action. It will never do to
let this affair settle into a result of military necessity."
"The Jacobi Investigation.--We
learn that the grand jury failed to find a bill against Lyon
and Hungerford for the Jacobi affair. Dubuque will
not see such a jury for many a year hereafter. As the evidence
is to be published, we make no further comment."
--(Dubuque Herald, August 20, 1863)