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Pioneer Life
In and Around Cedar Rapids, Iowa from 1839 to 1849
Rev. George R. Carroll

- Chapter XI -

(pages 100 - 125)


Our Merchants - The First Goods Sold in The Town.

The first dry goods ever sold in this city were, without a doubt, by Mr. Osgood Shepherd. Of this I am reminded by my sister, Mrs. Charles Weare. I do not think that Mr. Shepherd pretended to keep store, but it became known that he had some very choice calicoes, and perhaps some other goods which he offered for sale. The goods were of a fine quality and but few of the pioneers could afford to indulge in anything so expensive. But finally our neighbor, Mr. Mason, made a little "raise," and decided to treat his wife to a new dress. She was a small woman and in feeble health, and besides, she had a bouncy boy of a few weeks or months old, who did not aid her much in regaining her strength.

And so Mr. Mason was careful to provide for her the best and easiest conveyance that he could procure, to take her to "town," as be began to call it, where she could select the material for her new gown.

Covered carriages were not in fashion in our community then, and of course Mr. Mason was too conservative and discreet to introduce such an innovation at such a time in our history, and so he had to do the next best thing.

The outfit on this occasion consisted of a yoke of oxen and sled, a chair being securely fastened on top of the primitive vehicle, upon which Mrs. Mason was seated with the baby in her lap, and so they proceeded on their way to the point of destination two miles or more away. The sled had the advantage of being easily mounted, and then, should the passengers happen to fall off, they would not have far to go to reach the ground.

You will readily surmise that the speed was not great, and especially when you understand that it was warm weather, in May or June, and the ground was bare.

And so Mrs. Mason procured her dress and her husband paid for it on the spot, in potatoes, these constituting the "raise" that he had made on his new farm.

As to where and how Mr. Shepherd procured the goods no one ever knew, nor was it necessary. It may be that they were received from some of his customers in payment of their bills for board and lodging. It was enough to know, however, that the goods were there and that they were for sale and that these were probably the first goods ever sold in the town. This must have been some time prior to 1842.

Mr. Joseph Greene, The First Merchant.

Sometime in the spring or summer of 1842, Mr. Joseph Greene first came to this county, locating for a short time a few miles east of Marion, and spending some months working in that neighborhood, he finally came to Cedar Rapids in the summer or fall of 1843.

It is said that his brother William was here in 1840, but his stay was of short duration, for he soon went to Burlington and engaged in business.

Mr. Joseph Greene, therefore, was the first of the Greene brothers to locate permanently in this place. In the winter of 1843-4, he taught school on the Carroll hill, being our second teacher in the log school-house near my father's residence.

I believe he taught a very good school, but possibly he was a little lax in discipline, he being too good-natured, and too ready to frolic with the boys, to inspire much awe in the minds of his pupils, who might have been inclined to be a little refractory. He was a whole-souled kind of man that everybody seemed to like.

He was very sociable in his nature, and always enjoyed a good joke. It was seldom that anyone could get ahead of him in telling stories of the marvelous and incredible. He generally had something ready that would be a full match for it, if not surpass it in its astounding details.

It was in the summer of 1844 that he opened and offered for sale his first stock of goods, his brother George being associated with him as his partner, and probably furnishing the principal part, or all of the capital. The style of the firm I believe was Greene & Brother. This store being the first ever opened in Cedar Rapids, was located at the corner of First avenue and Second street, in a frame building erected by Hosea W. Gray, of Marion, who at that time owned an interest in the town. This building was very rudely constructed, and was unfinished when Mr. Greene entered it. It had two rooms, the front being occupied by the store, and the rear being used for religious services and other public gatherings. The stay in this building was of short duration, for in that same year their new store was erected at the corner of Third avenue and First street. This was a far more commodious building than anything in this vicinity at that time, and for a series of years it was one of the most popular and widely known stores in the county. In 1846 Mr. William Greene came from Burlington and joined the firm, and for many years the three brothers carried on a very extensive and prosperous business.

To Mr. Joseph Greene, however, belongs the honor of successfully inaugurating the new enterprise, and placing it on a permanent basis.

It was in this building that the first post office was established, and Mr. Joseph Greene had the honor of being the first postmaster of Cedar Rapids.

Mr. W. W. Higley furnishes the following particulars with respect to the early mails: Before the post office was established here, the mails were brought from Marion by one of the neighbors, in a handkerchief or pocket. It was in 1847 that the weekly mail route was established between Dubuque, Cedar Rapids and Iowa City. Mr. Higley remembers well when the first United States mail arrived. The carrier was a little old man on horseback, pinched and withered under life's heavy burdens, but he was looked upon with as much interest as though he had been an English lord.

In fact he came with credentials from a government which we venerate far more than that of England itself; he was commissioned by the government of the United States of America.

This was an event of the greatest interest to the people here, and it marked a new epoch in the history of Cedar Rapids.

To the early pioneers, this first United States mail meant even more than the great government building, which is just now being occupied as the post office, means to the busy denizens of our now populous city. It is no wonder then, that this first mail was received with such demonstrations of delight, and that this little old mail carrier should have been regarded with feelings of respect and veneration.

I do not know what was Mr. Greene's salary as postmaster, but I think I am safe in saying that it was considerably less than $3,100, the amount received, I am told, by the present incumbent. However, he had the same high honor, and both he and the people were just as conscious that he held an office under appointment of the greatest and grandest government under the sun.

Mr. Greene was a professor of religion, and in his earlier life he was a zealous member of the Methodist church, though in after years, when the Episcopal church was formed in this place, he identified himself with that organization.

He was a native of Buffalo, and I believe, came from that city directly to Iowa.

He was married to a daughter of Mr. Harvey, who purchased the Bartholomew homestead at the lower part of this city. The date of this marriage I am unable to give.

Mr. Greene died April 4, 1868, lamented by a large circle of friends whom he had gathered about him in his busy and somewhat eventful life.

Mr. W. W. Higley tells a little story about the way some of the Yankees took to avoid the enormous letter postage of those early days. They would take a newspaper and write all the margins full, using buttermilk for their writing fluid. Of course the writing did not show until thoroughly heated before the fire. This process produced certain chemical changes which brought out the writing and made the paper yield up the secrets of its copious marginal references to the innocent receiver of the mysterious missive.

It is not to be supposed for a moment that any of the good people of this section were ever guilty of defrauding the government in that way. But it was those uncircumcised Yankees at the other end of the line who did it, in order to avoid paying the twenty-five cents which every letter would cost them.

In these days of cheap postage, of course, there is no longer any temptation to deprive Uncle Sam of any portion of the revenue which comes from our most admirable postal service.

It was in the spring of the year 1845 that Mr. Charles R. Mulford, of New York, or its suburb, Hoboken, N.J., made his appearance among us with a small stock of goods, which he opened and offered for sale in a little room in Mr. John Vardy's house, at the corner of Third street and Sixth avenue.

Mr. Mulford was a small man of light, sandy complexion. He had a voice that was somewhat feminine in its character, but a little too shaky and affected to be always agreeable. He was polite almost to a fault, ad his dress was generally neat and stylish in its make-up. He appeared to be a keen, wide-awake business man, but rather too close and precise in his dealings to be very popular. His great fault was his inordinate love of strong drink. In 1849 he went to California, where in a few years he fell a victim to his insatiable appetite.

Mr. Samuel Hook was one of the earliest of our merchants so far as I can recall, being outranked in time only by Mr. Joseph Greene and Charles R. Mulford.

He was a native of Staunton, Va. He had been clerking for Mr. Cleveland, a merchant of Toolsboro in this State, previous to his coming here. Finally Mr. Cleveland furnished him with a wagon load of goods and sent him to Cedar Rapids to dispose of his little stock. The date of his coming I have been unable to fix with certainty, but after a good deal of inquiry of his wife and brother still living, and comparing notes with our oldest settlers, I think it could not have been earlier than 1846, he being only twenty-one years of age at that time.

The room occupied by Mr. Hook was said to have been in one end of the John Young cabin, reference to which has already been made.

The stock, of course, was not very extensive, being drawn by one span of horses and an ordinary wagon. However, I dare say that the stock was large enough for the room in which it was displayed, and quite adequate, with the two other stores here at that time, to meet the wants of our limited population at that early day.

As near as I can now ascertain, he did not continue in business alone but a short time, but closed out his stock to Mr. Mulford and engaged with him as clerk.

Mr. Hook was a tall man, well developed physically, and of pleasant, open countenance, and withal, affable and courteous in his manners. For some years he was clerk in the store of L. Daniels & Co.

In 1855 or '56 he moved to Janesville, this State, where he continued for several years in the mercantile business. Later he returned to his old home at Toolsboro, where he died August 10, 1868.

His wife, Mrs. Jane Noble, was the daughter of Mr. Arvin Kennedy. She is a resident of this city, and has always been held in the highest esteem by all who know her. She has been a member of the First Presbyterian church for many years and has always taken an active part in its benevolent work, and has ever been a regular and faithful attendant upon its stated meetings.

Among the justly distinguished men who came here in an early day, there are few, if any, that occupied a higher place than Mr. William Greene.

He was a native of Staffordshire, England, but was brought by his parents to this country while yet in his infancy.

He was reared and educated in Buffalo, N.Y. For some years prior to his coming to Iowa, he was engaged in the book-binding business in Detroit, and for several years after coming to this country, he pursued the same calling at Burlington.

In 1846 he came to Cedar Rapids to make it his permanent home. On arriving here he at once associated himself with his brothers in their widely increasing business.

Calm and dignified in his deportment, clear-headed and broad-minded in his business relations, he soon made his influence felt, not only in the firm of which he was a member, but all over this region of country. He was more reserved and select as to his associates and companionships than his brother Joseph, and with certain classes less popular, perhaps; but he had a keener intellect and a deeper insight into business affairs; and whoever dealt with him soon found out that they had to do with a man that thoroughly understood his business in all its minutest details. He had great faith in the town, and, like his brother George, he had large expectations for its future development. His spacious residence, erected more than twenty-five years ago, in the centre of the double block bounded by Fourth and Fifth avenues, and Eighth and Tenth streets, was thought to be at the time, a most extravagant outlay of money in a town such as ours then was. But it only goes to show that he was a man of great faith in the future prosperity of the town, and was correct in his fore-cast of its destined importance.

After going out of the mercantile business, Mr. Greene engaged in real estate, and then in railroading, taking heavy contracts in company with his brother, the Judge, in this and other States.

He was also at one time engaged quite extensively in banking, and in his later years was interested in silver mining in Colorado.

In 1844 Mr. Greene was united in marriage to Miss Louisa M. Higley. They were the parents of ten children, only three of whom the writer knew in the days of their childhood, and all of these three have passed away from the earth. They were George H., Sefer P., who became the wife of Mr. Peter Martelle, and William W. Of the younger sons and daughters I am not able to write, as no data are at hand concerning them.

Mrs. Greene was a woman full of vivacity, and always kind and cordial in her manners towards the many friends whom she had drawn to her. Her house became noted for its hospitality, and it was often the centre of the most joyous festivities. Their large family of sons and daughters, made the home of Mr. and Mrs. Greene a place where the young people loved to go, for they knew they would have a most hearty welcome and an enjoyable time.

Mr. Greene died March 29, 1887. Mrs. Greene passed away after a somewhat lingering illness, May 7, 1892. And thus the last bond that held this once happy family together was broken, and the children were scattered. And now, too, the old house has been torn down, and other buildings are being erected in its place.

Our history of early times would be far from complete, did we not make honorable mention of the mother of the Higleys and of Mrs. William Greene, Mrs. Prudence Baker.

She was one of those noble, whole-souled, motherly women that everybody loved to meet. Always cheerful and happy herself, she made others happy about her by her sunny countenance and kind words.

In social circles she was always a welcome visitor, and added life and good cheer to the company, by her presence.

At a good old age, on June 4, 1878, she finished her work and ended her life's journey.

Mr. Henry Higley, the eldest of the four brothers of the name, came with the rest of the family to Bloomington, Ill., sometime in July 1841. Leaving the family there, he came on to Marion for the purpose of exploration, and looking out a place for permanent residence. Returning to Bloomington, the whole family came on to Marion, arriving in April, 1842. In 1844, he and his brother Harvey, came to Cedar Rapids. His native place was West Granby, Conn. He was twice married, the first wife having died in 1847.d wife, whose maiden name was Hannah E. Emery, is still living in Florida, her only son having recently died there. Mr. Higley was a man of a good deal of enterprise. He and his brother Harvey engaged in heavy freighting to Indian trading posts in the far west, when in the wildness of the country, travel and transportation were very difficult, and often attended with danger. He and his brother owned and operated stage lines to Dubuque and Iowa City. In 1849 he went to California, where he remained a year or two and then returned to Cedar Rapids, where he again resumed business with his brother in which he continued up to the time of his death, which occurred August 6th, 1868. The summons came in the form of apoplexy which terminated his life very suddenly. His father, Mr. Abial Higley, died soon after their arrival in Marion, October, 1842, they having reached there the preceding April.

Mr. Harvey G. Higley, the next younger brother was a native of the same town and state as the above. As already indicated the two brothers were intimately associated in business up to the time of the elder brother's death. For some years he was engaged in the mercantile and livery business. Other lines of trade and business activity, however, occupied his attention at different times. The latter part of his life being devoted mainly to the improvement of his property, and in the erection of business blocks which are still prominent land marks, and ornaments in our city.

His death, like that of his brother, was very sudden. It occurred in May, 1878. His wife, whose maiden name was Annah Bishop, is still a highly respected resident of our city. Of their nine children only five survive, the eldest son residing in Central America, two are engaged in business here, and the two remaining sons are in business elsewhere.

The two younger brothers, Wellington W. and Mortimer A. Higley have for many years been numbered among our most highly honored and successful business men. The former was born in West Granby, and the latter in Hartford, Conn. They came to Marion at the same time with the other members of the family.

Mr. W. W. Higley.

Few, if any, of the names of our pioneers are more widely known than the one that heads this brief article.

He first came to Cedar Rapids in 1844. From the time of his advent here, his life has been one of constant activity in various business enterprises. He was engaged in an early day in the lumber trade, and then for some years was interested in the livery business and stage lines with his brother H. G. Higley. He is best known, however, in his connection with the extensive hardware store of Higley & Brother, on First Street, he and his brother M. A. being partners and owners of the establishment. This was, for many years, the leading hardware store of our city, and the amount of business performed, and the manner of conducting it, placed these gentlemen in the front rank of our merchants. About three years ago this branch of their business was closed up, and at present their large real estate and banking interests occupy their attention and command all their time.

Mr. Higley has lived in this city the longest time consecutively, of any of our citizens. This has been his home without any break or intermission since he first came in 1844, making an aggregate of fifty-one years up to this time.

He was married to Miss Jane E. Farnum, April 8, 1856. They are members of the Second Presbyterian church. They have three children, Jesse E., the wife of Dr. Kegley, Charles W., of Minneapolis, and William M., pursuing his studies at Andover, Mass.

Major M. A. Higley.

This gentleman, the youngest of the Higley brothers, came to Cedar Rapids to reside in 1848, making his home with his sister, Mrs. Albert Kendall. His business life began at Waverly, in this state, where he remained for about two years. After that he spent a year or two in Kansas, and then returned to Cedar Rapids, which has been his home ever since.

In the time of the war he enlisted in his country's service, acting in the various posts of his assignment with that characteristic fidelity and promptness that won for him the highest respect of both officers and men with whom he was associated.

For many years Mr. Higley has been prominently connected with our educational interests, having been a member of the school board since 1875. He is now president of the Merchants National Bank, a position which he has held since 1883.

He was married Feb. 19, 1863, to Miss Lucy L. Sheets. The death of Mrs. Higley, in the prime of her womanhood, which occurred March 30, 1892, caused a wide-spread sorrow throughout our community, on account of the high regard in which she was held. She was a highly valued member of the Second Presbyterian church.

Their children were four in number, three daughters and one son, the latter having died May 1, 1889. One daughter, now the wife of W. W. Dymond, is living in Honolulu, Sandwich Islands, another, the wife of Mr. A.F. Matschke, is residing in Minneapolis, and the third is pursuing her studies in Wellesley college, Mass.

Maj. Higley was married a second time Feb. 4, 1895 to Mrs. Jennette R. Nicholas, of Omaha, Neb.

The honorable career of these brothers and their families has won for them a position of respectability and esteem second to none of the families of our city.

Of the other members of the family, their mother and their sister, Mrs. William Greene, are mentioned elsewhere. The only other member of the family was Mrs. A. Kendall, of Marion who died there some years ago.

I have written mostly so far about men and events in and about Cedar Rapids in the first ten years of this country's settlement. This course has not been strictly followed, however, as a number of persons outside of these immediate limits have received some passing notice.

It is to be hoped that some one more able than I will undertake to perform for Marion what has been attempted for Cedar Rapids in these few pages.

Mr. Addison Daniels, though never a resident of this place has, nevertheless, had large property interests here from a very early day, he being one of the nine original proprietors of the town, and for this reason, if for no other, deserves honorable mention among the pioneers whose names have found a place in these records.

Mr. Daniels was born in Medway, Massachusetts, November 13, 1813.

He came to Marion in 1840 and opened his store in a log building which he had erected for that purpose. It was not a very extensive affair, the building being but 20 x 22 feet in size. The goods, too, were of a somewhat coarser and cheaper grade than those we now find offered for sale in our first-class mercantile houses. Nevertheless, this store became the great commercial centre of the county, and the settlers came in for miles around to obtain such articles of merchandise as they needed, and to get their mail, as Mr. Daniels was the postmaster.

Mr. Daniels' business rapidly increased, and by judicious investments and close attention to his business, he soon rose to the first rank of the business men of the county, a position which he continued to hold up to the time of his death

He was a man of remarkable business tact, prompt and pleasant in speech and manner, and always polite and cordial in his daily intercourse with his fellow-men whom he met in his business and social relations.

His life was such as to command the highest respect of all who knew him.

There was one little circumstance in his life, which to some of his contemporaries, seemed somewhat unfortunate, although it may not have appeared so to him. I refer to the fact that he never married. As a result of this, some young lady was deprived of a good husband and a happy home, and he was deprived of a charming little wife with all the wealth of love and good cheer which she could have brought to his hearthstone.

However, it was not the result of necessity that he thus lived but of his own deliberate choice, and so of course no one had any right to interpose any objections.

In his business life, Mr. Daniels was eminently successful, and he died possessed of a large fortune. His death occurred at his home in Marion, June 1883.

Intimately associated in business relations with Mr. Addison Daniels was his next younger brother, Preston, who came to Marion in 1846, and has resided there ever since as one of the active business men of that place. He was born in North Brookfield, Massachusetts, December 16, 1819.

To the great regret of his many friends, during the last two years, Mr. Daniels has met with heavy losses, and the accumulations of many years of hard toil have slipped from his grasp.

Some years after his arrival in this country he was united in marriage to Miss Mary A. Keyes. They have three children, all living at Marion, Addison L., Caroline M., (now Mrs. Benjamin F. Mentzer) and Miss Adaliza.

Conspicuous among the early merchants of this place stands the name of Mr. Lowell Daniels. He began business here in 1846, being in partnership with his eldest brother, Mr. Addison Daniels, one of Marion's pioneer merchants. He was subsequently joined by his brother Lawson, and for many years this famous mercantile house was carried on under the firm name of "L. Daniels & Co."

Mr. Daniels was a born merchant. With a quick, discerning mind, and with a ready and willing hand to meet the many and varied wants of his customers, it was not strange that he should become, as he did, one of our most popular and successful business men. One of the secrets of his popularity was the pleasant and cheerful way in which he met the many and diversified characters with whom he was thrown in contact. His wide-awake, pleasant countenance and his cordial "good morning," set even the most timid of his rural customers at ease, and prepared them for the business of the hour.

In 1854 Mr. Daniels was united in marriage to Miss Harriet Weare, and their home was always considered among the most pleasant and attractive of our city.

Mrs. Daniels, (now the wife of Mr. Lawson Daniels) is still one of the highly honored residents of this place.

Mr. Daniels was a man of fine taste, and everything about his premises was always a model of propriety and good order.

His hopeful disposition and his natural kindness of heart brought sunshine into his home, and good cheer to its inmates. He was a great admirer of fine horses, and always kept two or more of these noble animals which he enjoyed driving, and which he always treated as his pets. There was true mourning in the city, and it was a sad day for all the country around when it was announced that Lowell Daniels had passed from our midst to the unseen world. He died November 7, 1876.

It made a sad break in our social and business circles when he was removed from us, and outside of the family circle as well as in it, there were many who felt stricken with a personal bereavement in his death, from which they did not soon recover.

One of our most active and highly respected business men, and one who still stands at his post in the busy life of our city, is Mr. Lawson Daniels.

He was born in North Brookfield, Mass., Oct. 4, 1827. He came to Iowa in the fall of 1848, and as already announced, entered into partnership with his brother Lowell. In fact the four brothers were all intimately associated together in their extensive business operations, but he two just mentioned carried on the business in this place, while the other two concentrated their labors in Marion.

Mr. Lawson Daniels has been engaged in the mercantile trade the larger part of his life, but for several years past his large real estate and banking interest have absorbed his time and energies.

Although skilled in every department of mercantile pursuits, Mr. Daniels' specialty has always seemed to be that of bookkeeping and general accountant. It has been in this department that his active brain and tireless energy have always found their chief employment and their greatest usefulness in the realm of his business activity.

By close and careful application to business, and by honorable dealing, he has secured an ample fortune which his many friends fondly hope he may long be spared to enjoy.

He was married to Mrs. Harriet Daniels, July 26, 1883. Mrs. Daniels was born in Derby Line, Vermont, Aug. 1, 1829. Educated in the celebrated Mount Holyoke Female Seminary, South Hadley, Mass., and having enjoyed the advantages of the most cultivated society since she completed her educational course, and having traveled extensively in her own country, and more recently making a prolonged tour with her husband and nieces through Europe, Mrs. Daniels has a mind well stored with a fund of information and anecdote, that always makes her a welcome visitor among her many friends, and well fits her to preside over her model home, whose hospitable doors are ever open to her frequent callers, and many a pleasant social gathering.

Mr. and Mrs. Daniels are highly esteemed members of the First Presbyterian church. Their home, one of the most comfortable and attractive, both without and within, in the city, is located on the southwest corner of Second avenue and Seventh street.

I have special pleasure in speaking of another man whose history in Cedar Rapids dates back as far as April, 1847. I refer to Mr. J. F. Charles. He was born in Preble county, Ohio, October 2, 1827.

In 1849 he went to California where he engaged in mining. Meeting with some considerable degree of success, he returned to Cedar Rapids in 1854, and commenced his active business career.

He first engaged in the lumber business in partnership with Mr. Isaac W. Carroll, under the firm name of Charles & Carroll." Later they entered extensively into the wholesale and retail grocery and provision trade, which they followed for many years quite successfully.

The business relations between these two men were always of the most amicable character, but the condition of Mr. Carroll's health necessitated his retirement and the dissolution of the firm as it had hitherto existed.

Mr. Charles continued the business for a number of years afterwards, when he finally sold out, and for some years past has been engaged in the orange culture in Florida, although his home is still in this city. There is no man that has ever done business here who has made a better record for honest dealing and sterling integrity of character than he.

For many years he and his wife have been members of the First Presbyterian church, greatly beloved and honored, Mr. Charles holding the office of ruling elder.

Their children were Edgar A., now in Minneapolis; Fred W. Ballard, Washington; Franc C., Chicago, traveling, and James K., in this city.

The time and place of Mr. Carroll's birth, and the time of coming to Cedar Rapids, have already been mentioned in the early part of this record.

For some years after leaving the farm he was busily employed about the mills and factories of this place; these constituting the centre around which clustered the chief business activity of our town.

Later he owned and operated a line of stages to Waterloo, but afterwards disposed of these interest and went into the lumber trade in partnership with Mr. J. F. Charles, under the firm name of "Charles & Carroll."

Subsequently the same firm went into the wholesale and retail grocery trade, and for many years the business interests of these two men became identical.

After pursuing this line of trade for fifteen years, Mr. Carroll's health became seriously impaired on account of close application to business, and he sold out his interest to Mr. Charles, and went into the dairy business at Kenwood where he had a considerable tract of land.

Disposing of his dairy some four years ago, he has since rented his property there and purchased a home in the city, and is now employed as Field Agent of the Evening Gazette.

On January 26th, 1858, he was married to Miss Mary Steadman. They have eight children, the three older having died when quite young.

The children still living are, Bessie (now the wife of Mr. T. L. Fleming), residing in Berkley, California; Charles D., in the county Treasurer's office at Marion; Frank, connected with the Consolidated Tank Line Co., in Kansas City, Mol.; Willie H. druggist clerk, and Carrie, residing with their parents in this city. Mr. and Mrs. Carroll are members of the First Presbyterian church.

Source: Pioneer Life In and Around Cedar Rapids from 1839 to 1949 by Rev. George R. Carroll. Pub. Cedar Rapids, Iowa: Times Printing and Binding House, 1895.

Transcribed by Terry Carlson for the IAGenWeb. For research only. Some errors in transcription may have occurred.


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