Jefferson County Online
Black Hawk Township

The following is a chapter from "The History of Jefferson County, Iowa - A Record of Settlement, Organization, Progress and Achievement", Volume 1, Pages 113-119, published by the S. J. Clarke Publishing Company of Chicago in 1912 (in 1914 according to some citations).

~~~oooOOOooo~~~

HISTORY OF
JEFFERSON COUNTY, IOWA

CHAPTER XVI
BLACK HAWK TOWNSHIP

Field Notes of Township No. 73, North of Range 10, West of the Fifth Principal Meridian, Iowa Territory. Commenced subdivision April 29, 1841. Completed May 8, 1841.
By S. C. Wiltse.

North   Between sec 25 & 26 (sic - 35 & 36) Variations 9 10'.
40.00   Set quarter sect. post & made mound in prairie, pit 4 L E.
80.00   Set post cor. sect. 25, 26, 35 & 36 and made mound 2 ft. high, Pit 4 L South.
          Level prairie, Soil first rate.

East     Random between sect 25 & 26 (sic - 25 & 36).
48.00   Enter woods.
49.00   Cross run 5 L Wide Corner N.
52.00   Cross Road South.
60.00   M. Meakers Improvement 6 Ch. North.
79.98   Intersect Range line 85 L South of post.
          About 40 Ac. of timber in N E of sec. 36.
          Balance prairie, Level, first rate.

West    Corrected between sect. 25 & 26 (sic - 25 & 36), V 9 44'.
 8.19   White Oak 10 in di.
 9.60   White Oak 12 in di.
39.99   Set quarter sect. post made mound Pit 4 L East.
79.98   Sect. corner.

North   Between sect. 25 & 26 V 9 10'.
22.00   Cross Branch 12 L Wide E of E.
          Skirted with timber.
34.00   Enter J. Robertsons Improvement.
40.00   Set quarter sect. post, made mound Pit 4 L East in improvement.
26.00   (sic - 56.00?) Leave Improvement.
80.00   Set post cor. Sections 23, 24, 25 & 26 and made mound Pit 4 L South.
          Surfice South of Creek considerably broken.
          North rolling soil, first rate -- Valley of creek about 5 ch wide, timbered with Oak, Elm & Lynn.

East     Random between sect 24 & 25.
80.10   Intersect 96 L South of post.
          Level Prairie soil first rate.

West    Correction between sect 24 & 25 V 9 52'.
40.05   Set quarter sect. post and made mound. Pit 4 L S.
80.10   Sect. corner.

North   Between sect. 23 & 24 Var 9 10'.
40.00   Set quarter sect. post made mound pit 4 L S.
80.00   Set post cor. sect. 13, 14, 23 & 24 & made mound Pit 4 L S. Rolling prairie, soil first rate.

East     Random between sect. 13 & 24.
80.20   Intersect 95 L S of post.
          Surfice gently roling (sic), soil first rate.

West    Corrected between sect. 13 & 24 V 9 52'.
40.10   Set quarter sect. post made mound Pit 4 L S.
80.20   Sect. cor.

North   Between sect. 13 & 14 V 9 01'.
31.00   Cross Road, course N W.
40.00   Set quarter sect. post made mound Pit 4 L E.
          V. Nelsons Improvement 4 ch West.
48.00   Enter skirt of timber on South side of branch.
48.10   Bur Oak 6 in D.--
55.80   Black Oak 12 in D.--
60.80   Black Oak 16 in D.--
67.00   Cross branch 15 L Wide S E.
80.00   Set post cor. sect. 11 12, 13 & 14.
          Bearings: Black Oak 12 N 21 W 143.
                     Lynn 10 S 47 E 230.
          South roling prairie.
          N Hickory, Oak & Hazel, soil first rate.

East     Random between Sect. 12 & 13.
 9.00   Enter prairie.
36.00   Cross run 4 L Wide S.
79.78   Intersect range line 123 L S of post.
          Prairie & Hazle bluffs. Surfice roling, soil first rate.

West    Corrected between Sect. 12 & 13 Var 9 55'.
39.89   Set quarter sect. post made mound Pit 4 L E.
79.78   Sect. Cor.
          April 29th.

North   Between Sect. 11 & 12 V 9 10'.
 8.00   Enter prairie.
40.00   Set quarter sect. post made mound Pit 4 L E.
80.00   Set post cor. Sect. 1, 2, 11 & 12 and made mound Pit 4 L S--
          Roling Prairie, Soil first rate.

East     Random between Sect. 1 & 12.
39.00   Cross branch 6 L W Corner S E.
80.02   Intersect range line 115 L S of post.
          Prairie & Hazel thicket, surfice roling, soil first rate.

West    Corrected between sect. 1 & 12 V 9 58'.
40.01   Set quarter sect. post made mound Pit 4 L E.
80.02   Sect. Cor.

North   Between sect. 1 & 2 V 9 10'.
40.00   Set post quarter sect. made mound Pit 4 L E.
84.03   Intersect N Boundary 160 L E of post.
          Set post made mound Cor. sect. 1 & 2 Pit 4 L S.
          Level prairie, soil first rate.

North   Between Sect 34 & 35 Var 9 10'.
40.00   Set quarter sect. post made mound pit 4 L E.
49.50   Cross branch 6 L W--N E.
80.00   Set post cor. sect. 26, 27, 34 & 35.
          Made mound pit 4 L S.
          Prairie roling, first rate soil.

East     Random between sect. 26 & 35.
 8.00   Branch 8 L W N.
79.80   Intersect 85 L S of post.
          Roling prairie, soil first rate.

West    Corrected between sect. 26 & 35 V 9 43'.
39.90   Set quarter sect. post made mound Pit 4 L E.
79.80   Sect. Cor.

North   Between sect. 26 & 27 V 9 10'.
 8.30   Cross branch 10 L W N E.
14.00   Base of bluff.
30.00   Summit bluff.
40.00   Set quarter sect. post made mound Pit 4 L E.
          50.00   Cross slew 2 ch 8 S of E.
74.00   Cross slew 3 ch 8 S of E.
80.00   Set post cor. sect 22, 23, 26 & 27.
          Prairie gently undilating (sic), soil first rate.

East     Random between sect. 23 & 26.
79.60   Intersect 78 L S of post. Level prairie, soil first rate.

West    Corrected between 23 & 26 V 9 43'.
39.80   Set quarter Sect. post made mound Pit 4 L E.
79.60   Sect. cor.
          April 30th.

North   Between sect. 22 & 23 V 9 28'.
23.00   Cross branch 6 L W N E.
40.00   Set quarter Sect. post, made mound Pit 4 L E.
80.00   Set post cor. Sect. 14, 15 22 & 23.
          Made Mound, Roling prairie, soil first rate.

East     Random between sect. 14 & 23.
51.60   Cross run 4 L W N.
52.00   Spring 1 Ch S.
79.84   Intersect 40 L S of post.
          Prairie roling, soil first rate.

West    Corrected between 14 & 23 V 9 46'.
39.92   Set quarter sect. post made mound Pit 4 L E.
79.84   Sect. cor.

North   Between sect 14 & 15 V 9 10'.
40.00   Set quarter sect. post Made Mound Pit 4 L E.
79.20   Cross branch 10 W N E.
80.00   Set post cor. sect. 10 11, 14 & 15
          Made mound Pit 4 L S.
          Roling prairie, soil first rate.

East     Random between Sect. 11 & 14.
 0.80   Re-cross branch 10 W N.
11.00   Granate bolder 20 ft Di.
          10 L S of Line.
18.50   Cross Road N W.
21.50   Cross Branch 10 W S E.
29.00   Enter skirt or timber.
31.00   Re-cross branch N E.
60.00   Re-cross branch S of E.
69.00   Cross Run 4 L W S.
80.02   Intersect 112 L S of post.
          Valley of Branch some 10 ch wide.
          Timbered with Pin Oak, Elm, & Lynn--Balance Prairie, soil first rate.

West    Corrected between sect. 11 & 18 (sic - 11 & 14) V 9 58'.
19.75   Hackberry 11 in d.
24.90   Elm 14.
40.01   Set quarter Sect. post.
          B--Pin Oak 11 N 56 W 215.
          Pin Oak 9 N 52 E 207.
80.02   Sect. cor.

North   Between Sect. 10 & 11 V 9 10'.
 5.15   Cross branch 6 L W E.
20.00   Cross Road N W.
38.00   Cross branch 8 W S E.
40.00   Set quarter sect. post made mound pit 4 L E.
43.00   Cross Run 4 L S E.
80.00   Set post cor. sect 2, 3, 10 & 11.
          Level prairie, soil first rate.
          What corner did you establish here?

East     Random between sect. 2 & 11.
46.00   Cross slew 2 ch W N E.
79.95   Intersect 88 L S of post.
          W level Prairie.
          E roling Prairie.
          Soil first rate.

West    Corrected between 8 & 11 (sic - 2 & 11) V 9.46.
39.98   Set quarter sect. post made mound Pit 4 L E.
79.95   Sect. cor.

North   Between sect. 2 & 3 V 9 11'.
40.00   Set qr. sect. post made mound Pit 4 L E.
70.00   Cross swale 4 ch W. S E.
82.90   Intersect N Boundary 170 L E of post.
          With exception of swale, roling dry prairie, soil first rate.
          May 1st.
          What corner did you establish here?

North   Between sect. 33 & 34 Variation 9 15'.
 4.00   Cross Road S E.
40.00   Set quarter sect. post & made mound Pit 4 L E.
60.00   Cross run 4 L W N E.
73.00   Cross branch 8 W E.
80.00   Set post cor. sect. 27, 28 33, 34.
          Made mound Pit 4 L S.
          S level.
          N roling prairie. Soil first rate.

East     Random between sect. 27 & 34.
39.50   Cross branch 10 L W N of S.
70.00   Swale 1 ch. W.
80.04   Intersect N & S line 70 L S of post.
          Prairie gently roling soil first rate.

West    Corrected between 27 & 34 V 9.45.
40.02   SEt quarter sect. post & made mound Pit 4 L E.
80.00   Sect. cor.

North   Between sect. 28 & 27 V 9.15.
22.00   Cross run 4 L S E W.
40.00   Set quarter sect post. made mound Pit 4 L E.
80.00   Set post cor. sect. 21, 22 27 28 made mound Pit 4 L S. Level prairie, soil first rate.

East     Random between sect. 22 & 27.
37.00   Cross slew 1 ch. W N.
73.00   Cross slew 4 ch W NE.
79.94   Intersect 60 L S of post.
          Surface gently roling, soil first rate.

West    Corrected between sect. 22 & 27 V 9 42'.
39.97   Set quarter sec. post & made mound 4 L E.
79.94   Sect. cor.

North   Between sect. 21 & 22 V 9 31'.
40.00   Set quarter sect. post, made mound Pit 4 L E.
44.00   Cross branch 6 W N E.
70.00   Cros branch 8 W N of S.
80.00   Set post cor, sect. 16, 17 (sic - 15, 16), 21 & 22 made mound Pit 4 L S.
          Roling dry prairie, soil first rate.

East     Random between 15 & 22.
15.50   Cross branch 10 W NE.
79.84   Intersect N & S line 55 L S of post.
          Roling prairie, soil first rate.

West    Corrected between sect. 15 & 22 V 9.55.
39.92   Set quarter sect. post & made mound Pit 4 L E.
79.84   Sect. cor.
          May the 2nd.

North   Between sect. 15 & 16 V 9 20'.
40.00   SEt quarter sect. post & made mound Pit 4 L E.
80.00   Set cor. sect. post 9, 10, 15 & 16 made mound Pit 4 L S.
          Roling prairie soil first rate.

East     Random between 10 & 15.
36.00   Cross swale 2 ch W N E.
80.03   Intersect 49 L S of post.
          Surfice gently roling, soil first rate.

West    Corected (sic) between sect. 10 & 15 V 9 41'.
40.01  Set quarter sect. post made mound Pit 4 L E.
80.03   Sect. cor.

North   Between sect. 9 & 10 V 9 10'.
34.00   Cross branch L W E.
40.00   Set quarter sect. post made mound Pit 4 L E.
66.00   Cross Road S E.
80.00   Set post cor. sect. 3, 4, 9 & 10, made mound pit 4 L S.
          Roling prairie, soil first rate.

East     Random between sect. 3 & 10.
80.10   Intersect N & S line 76 L S of post.
          Level prairie, soil first rate.

West    Corrected between 3 & 10 V 9 41'.
40.05   Set quarter sect. post & made mound Pit 4 L E.
80.10   Sect. cor.

North   Between sect. 3 & 4 9 10'.
40.00   Set quarter sect. post made mound Pit 4 L E.
71.40   Enter J Hadles improvement.
80.75   Set post corner sec. 3 & 4 Made mound Pit 4 L S.
          Level prairie, soil first rate.
          May the 3rd.

North   Between sect. 32 & 33 V 9.15.
40.00   SEt quarter sect. post made mound Pit 4 L S.
80.00   Set post cor. sect. 28, 29, 32 & 33.
          Level prairie, soil first rate.
          What corner did you establish here?

East     Random between sect. 28 & 33.
47.00   Cross road N W to Blew Point.
49.00   Cross branch 8 L W E.
79.60   Intersect 80 L S of post.
          Roling prairie, soil first rate.

West    Corrected between 28 & 33 V 9 48'.
39.80   Set quarter sect. post made mound Pit 4 L E.
79.60   Sect. cor.

North   Between sect. 28 & 29 V 9.33.
21.00   Cross run 3 L W E.
40.00   Set quarter sect. post. made mound Pit 4 L S.
51.00   Slew 3 chs W S E.
80.00   Set post cor. sect. 20, 21 29 & 28.
          Prairie roling, soil first rate.
          What corner did you establish here?

East     Random between sect. 21 & 28.
35.00   Road N W.
80.04   Intersect N & S line 37 LS of post.
          Prairie roling gently, first rate soil.

West    Corrected between sect. 21 & 28 V 9 48'.
40.02   Set quarter sect. post. made mound Pit 4 L E.
80.04   Sec. cor.

North   Between sect. 20 & 21 V 9 40'.
40.00   Set quarter sect. post, made mound Pit 4 L E.
80.00   Set post cor. sect. 16, 17, 20 & 21.
          Made mound Pit 4 L S.
          Leave (sic - level?) prairie, soil first rate.

East     Random between sect. 16, 21.
 8.00   Cross road N of N W.
41.00   Slew 2 ch W S E.
80.06   Intersect N & S line 30 L S of post.
          Prairie roling, soil first rate.

West    Corrected between sect. 16 & 21 V 9 52'.
40.03   Set quarter sect. post, made mound Pit 4 L E.
80.06   Sect. cor.
          May 4th.

North   Between sect. 16 & 17 V 9 20.
38.00   Cross road N of NW.
40.00   Set quarter sect. post & made mound Pit 4 L E.
45.00   Cross branch 6 L W n of E.
80.00   Set post cor. sect. 8, 9, 16 & 17.
          Prairie roling, soil first rate.
          What corner did you establish here?

East     Random between 9 & 16.
30.00   Re-cross branch N E.
52.00   Slew 1 ch W N.
80.22   Intersect N & S line 30 L S of post.
          Gently roling, first rate soil.

West    Corrected between Sect. 9, 16 V 9.32.
40.11   Set quarter sect. post & made mound Pit 4 L E.
80.22   Sect. cor.

North   Between sec. 8 & 9 V 9.
34.00   Slew 2 ch W E.
40.00   Set quarter Sect. post & made mound Pit 4 L E.
80.00   Set post cor. sect. 4, 5, 8 & 9.
          Level prairie, first rate soil.

East     Random between sect. 4 & 9.
54.00   Cross blue Point Road S E.
80.15   Intersect N & S line 80 L S of post.
          Level prairie, soil first rate.

West    Corrected between 4 & 9 V 9.42.
40.07  Set quarter sect. post, made mound Pit 4 L S.
80.15   Sect. cor.

North   Between sect. 5 & 4 Variation 9 4'.
38.00   Enter blue Point Grove 4 ch E of G. Rugals Improvement.
40.00   Set quarter sect. post.
          Bearings:Black Oak 5 S 86 W 49.
                      Black Oak 4 N 9 E 36.

55.00   Hickory 12.
62.39   Hickory 8.
66.20   Cross branch 4 L W N W.
78.89   Intersect N Boundary 113 L E of post.
          Set post cor. sect. 4 & 5.
          Bearings: Black Oak 14 S 82 E 27.
                     Elm 10 S 13 W 10.
          Hickory, White Oak, Elm Soil first rate.
          May 5th.

North   Between sections 31 & 32 V 9.20.
40.00   Set quarter sect. post & made mound Pit 4 L E.
80.00   Set post cor. sect. 29, 39 31 & 32.
          Leave prairie, Too wet, soil second rate.

East     Random between sect. 29 & 32.
80.06   Intersect N & S line 60 L S of post.
          Level prairie, To wet, second rate.

West    Corrected between sect. 29 & 32 V 9 47'.
40.03   Set quarter sect. post & made mound Pit 4 L E.
80.06   Sect. cor.

West    Random between 30 & 31.
11.00   Cross slew 2 ch W S W.
30.00   Cross slew 2 ch S.
79.30   Intersect range line 50 L N of post & mound.
          Prairie gently roling, soil first rate.

East     Corrected between 30 & 31 V 9 41'.
39.30   Set quarter sect. post & made mound Pit 4 L E.
79.30   Sect. Cor.

North   Between sect. 30 & 29 V 9.30.
40.00   Set quarter sect. post & made mound Pit 4 L E.
80.00   Set post corner sect. 19, 20, 29 & 30 made mound Pit 4 L S.
          Level Wet, prairie second rate.

East     Random betwen (sic) 29 & 20.
34.00   Cross slew 2 ch W S E.
80.00   Intersect N & S line 40 L S of post.
          Prairie gently roling, first rate.

West    Corrected between 20 & 29 V 9 48'.
40.00   Set quarter sect. post, made mound Pit 4 L E.
80.00   Sect. cor.

West    Random between 19 & 30.
80.08   Intersect range line 60 L N of post.
          Level prairie, rather wet, soil second rate.

East     Corrected between 19 & 30 V 9 54'.
40.08   Set quarter sect. post, made mound Pit 3 L E.
80.08   Sect. cor.

North   Between sections 19 & 20 V 9 37'.
40.00   Set quarter sect. post, made mound Pit 4 L E.
80.00   Set post cor. sect. 17, 18, 19 & 20, made mound Pit 4 L S.
          Level prairie, rather to wet.
          Second rate.

East     Random between sec. 17 & 20.
80.12   Intersect N & S line 10 L S of post.
          Prairie W Level & wet, Second rate, East gently roling, soil first rate.

West    Corrected bet. sect. 17 & 20 V 9.38.
40.06   Set quarter sect. post & made mound Pit 4 L E.
80.12   Sect. Cor.
          May the 6th.

West    Random between Sect. 19 & 18.
80.96   Intersect range line 38 L N of post & Mound.
          Level prairie W, rather wet, second rate.

East     Corrected between sect. 18 & 19.
40.96   Set quarter sect. post, made mound Pit 4 L E.
80.96   Sect. cor.

North   Between sections 17 & 18 Variation 9 14'.
40.00   Set quarter sect. post, made mound Pit 4 L E.
80.00   Set post cor. sect. 7, 8, 17 & 18, made mound Pit 4 L S.
          S Level, to wet, second rate.
          N gently roling, first rate, soil.

East     Random between 8 & 11 (sic - 8 & 17).
30.00   Cross swale 150 L W N E.
55.00   Cross blew Point grove.
          Road N W.
80.08   Intersect N & S line 38 L S of post.
          Prairie gently roling, soil first rate.

West    Corrected between Sect. 8 & 17 V 9 30'.
40.06   Set sect. post & made mound Pit 4 L E.
80.08   Sect. cor.

West    Random between 7 & 18.
 9.00   Cross slew 2 ch W N.
52.00   Cross run 3 L W N E.
82.56   Intersect range line 40 L N of post.
          Roling prairie, first rate soil.

E        Corected (sic) between 7 & 18.
42.56   Set quarter Sect. post, made mound Pit 4 L E.
82.56   Sect. cor.

North   Between sections 7 & 8 Variation 8 57'.
24.30   Cross branch 5 L W N of N E.
40.00   Set quarter sect. post, made mound Pit 4 L E.
80.00   Set post corner sections 5, 6, 7 & 8, made mound Pit 4 L S.
          Roling prairie first rate.

E        Random between 5 & 8.
 6.00   Cross branch 6 W E of N.
41.00   Cross road N W.
42.00   W. lomans Improvement 2 ch N.
49.20   Enter J. Hillers Improvement.
80.10   Intersect N & S Line 78 L S of post.
          Roling prairie, first rate.

West    Corrected between sect. 5 & 8 V 9 27'.
41.05   Set quarter sect. post, made mound pit 4 L E.
80.10   Sect. cor.
          May the 7th.

West    Random between 6 & 7.
80.00   Cross branch 6 W N E.
84.73   Intersect range Line 25 L N of post.
          Roling prairie, first rate.

East     Corrected between Sect. 6 & 7 V 9 7.
44.73   Set quarter sect. post made mound Pit 4 L E.
84.73   Sect. cor.

North   Between sect. 5 & 6 V 9.
26.50   Cross run E.
30.20   Enter J. Browns Improvement.
40.00   Set quarter sect. post made mound in improvement.
50.40   Leave improvement.
51.00   Cross road E & W.
52.00   Enter woods.
76.23   Intersect N bound, 87 E of Post.
          Set post cor. sect. 5 & 6
          B. Bur Oak 14 S 6 W 104.
          Bur Oak 12 S 52 E 140.
          Hickory, Oak & Hazel, Soil first rate.

This Township is nearly all Prairie, generly (sic) presents a uniform surfice, covered with Blew joint & sage grass. The soil is nearly all of the first quality--its connection with timber on the East & North the fractional township on the N, heavy timbered, wile under the greater portion of it valuable for agricultureal perposes.
          May the 8th.

I hereby certify that in pursuance of a contract with George W. Jones surveyor General of the United States for Wisconsin & Iowa bearing date the 10th of April, 1841, and in strict conformity to the laws of the United States, & the instructions of said Surveyor General, I have surveyed and subdivided into sections, Township No. 73, North Range No. 10 West, in the Territory of Iowa. And I do further certify that the foregoing are the true and original Field Notes of the said survey & subdivision, executed as aforesaid.

Certified this the 8th day of May, 1841.

Saml. C. Wiltse,
Joseph P. Shannon,
  Deputy Surveyors.
Peter Boeras,
W. F. Ellis,
  Chairmen.
John McCain,
  Marker.


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