Jefferson County Online
Cedar Township

The following is a chapter from "The History of Jefferson County, Iowa - A Record of Settlement, Organization, Progress and Achievement", Volume 1, Pages 45-55, published by the S. J. Clarke Publishing Company of Chicago in 1912 (in 1914 according to some citations).

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HISTORY OF
JEFFERSON COUNTY, IOWA

CHAPTER XI
CEDAR TOWNSHIP

Field Notes of Township No. 71, North of Range No, 9, West of the Fifth Principal Meridian, Wisconsin Territory. Surveyed by E. F. Lucas, commenced August 8, 1837, and completed August 18, 1837.

North   Between sections 35 and 36 V 10 25'
11.39   Hickory 14 inches diameter.
14.16   Linn 18 inches diameter.
14.50   Leave high land & enter bottom.
29.17   Hackberry 12 inches diameter.
35.60   Cedar Creek 170 links Wide, North East.
40.00   Set quarter section post.
          Bearings: Hickory 14 N 24 W 12.
                      Lynn 10 S 45 E44.
47.99   Buckeye 10 inches diameter.
50.12   Bur Oak 30 inches diameter.
65.00   Leave bottom and enter Barrens.
80.00   Set post Cr. section 25 26 35 and 36.
          Bearings: W Oak 18 S 55 E 8
                      W Oak 12 S 24 W 31.
          Land -- else than the bottom 2nd rate.
          W. Oak, Hickory, Bottom 1st rate, Lynn, Bur Oak, Buckeye, Walnut & Nettles.

East     Random between sections 25 and 36 V 10.
45.25   Cedar 180 lk s wide North, bold current, bluff banks.
58.58   Cedar 150 lk s wide, South Bluff banks, dull current.
79.91   Intersect Range line 22 links North of post.
          Land 2nd rate, Barrens, thinly timbered. W. Oak, Bur Oak, Black Oak, & Undergrowth Hazel Briers Vines. Along
          the creek grows Birch.

West    Corrected between sections 25 & 36 Va 9 50'.
  3.69   White Oak 9 inches diameter.
59.95  Set quarter section post.
          Bearings: Bur Oak 22 N 45 E 39.
                      Bur Oak 14 S 37 W55.
79.91   Section Corner.
          August 8, 1837.

North   Between sections 25 and 26 Var 10 25'.
 3.87   Hickory 18 inches diameter.
15.52   W. Oak 15 inches diameter.
40.00   Set quarter section posts.
          Bearings: Hickory 20 N 89 W 21.
                      Bur Oak 18 S 65 E 48.
70.97   Bur Oak 30 inches diameter.
80.00   Set post corner section 23 24 25, 26.
          Bearings: Bur Oak 12 S 14 W 108.
                      Blk Oak 14 N 30 W 42.
                      North 34 East of the post 10 chains stands a house occupied as a settler, Benjamin Mount.
          Land -- Its appearance is most beautiful, but yet it is 2nd rate. Scattering timber, gently rolling.
          No undergrowth, tall grass covers the face of the country.

East    Random between sections 24 & 25 V 10
80.20   Intersect Range line 70 Links North of post.
          Land very hilly, 3rd rate.
          W. Oak, Blk Oak, Red Oak, Hickory, etc.

West    Corrected between sections 24 and 25 Var 9 30'.
  4.20   Blk Oak 14 diameter.
  8.58   White 12 in diameter.
40.10   Set quarter section post.
          Bearings: W. Oak 14 N 48 W 99.
                      W Oak 20 S 34 E 24.
49.43   W. Oak 10 inches diameter.
80.20   Section corner.

North   Between sections 23 and 24 V 10.
24.00   Leave timber and enter the Round prairie.
40.00   Set quarter section post in mound in prairie, Pit 4 links, East, East of this line about the center of section 24 is
          a large cornfield, but no house, claimed by John Mounts.
80.00   Set post corners for sections 13, 14 23 24.
          Land gently rolling, 1st rate, all fit for cultivation.
          Some Hazel in the timber and Rosin week, and milk week in prairie.

East    Random between sections 13 and 24.
52.30   Creek & Links wide, South.
80.90   Intersect Range line 40 links north of post.
          Land gently rolling, first rate, prairie.
          Vegetation same.

West    Corrected between sections 13 and 24.
40.45   Set quarter section post in mound in prairie pit 4 links East.
80.90   Section corner.

North   Between section 13 and 14 V 9 20'.
40.00   Set quarter section post in mound in prairie.
          Pit 4 links, East.
80.00   Set post in mound in prairie Pit 4 links South.
          Corner for sections 11, 12, 13, 14.
          Land first rate, level, prairie, Rosin weed, Milk weed, etc.

East    Random between sections 12 & 13 V 90 12'.
80.37   Intersect Range line 26 links North of post.
          Land same as on the last north line.
          South on both sides of the range line is a large field.
          No house or claimant. (21 ch.)

West    Corrected between sections 12 and 13.
40.18 Set quarter section post in mound in prairie Pit 4 links East.
80.37   Section Corner.
          August 9, 1837.

North   Between sections 11 and 12 V 10.
38.41   Trail from S E to N W.
40.00   Set quarter section post in mound, prairie Pit 4 links East.
80.00   Set post corner for sections 1, 2, 11, 12.
          Land -- first rate, level prairie.
          Rosin weed, small wire grass, etc.

East    Random between sections 1 & 12 V 9.
52.25   House 4 ch South. John Huff a settler -- small improvement.
53.00   Leave prairie and enter scattering timber.
80.50   Intersect Range line 20 links South of post.
          Land first half, first rate, rolling prairie -- last rolling gently, 2nd rate, thinly timbered, with Jack Oak, Blk
          Oak, Bur Oak etc. Hazel Briers.

West    Corrected between sections 1 and 12 V 9 10'.
40.25   Set qr. post in mound in prairie Pit 4 links East.
80.50   Section corner.

North   Between sections 1 and 2 V 9 40'.
40.00   Set quarter section post in mound in prairie pit 4 links East.
75.00   Intersect North boundary of township 38 links West of post -- set post made mound in prairie Pit 4 links south,
          cor. for sections 1 and 2.
          Land 2nd rate, rolling prairie, Red root, Rosin weed, Mineral weed, small grass, etc.
          Same spots of small hazel, etc.
          Wiliam G. Coop a settler on the N. E. qr of section one.

North   Between sections 34 and 35 V 10 20'.
00.08   Lynn 8 inches diameter.
40.00   Set quarter section post.
          Bearings: Hickory 12 S 88 E 3.16.
                      Lynn 9 N 81 E 2.84.
79.40   Cedar East & W.
80.00   Corner for section 26 27 34 35.
          Samuel Comas is a settler on the S W qr. of sec 35 his improvements is on the N W qr of same.
          Jacob Wiley a settler on the S E qr of section 34, his improvement on N. E. qr. of same.
          On the N E qr of section 35 is a stone quarry on the N bank of Creek, at same place is a good mill site, also a
          coal Bank, supposed to be valuable.
          Land 1st rate, Timber scattering.

East    Random between section 26 & 35 V 9 55'.
 1.60   Leave Cedar.
 5.80   Brook 4 links wide S.
37.60   Brook 6 links wide S.
42.00   Ascend high Barrens.
80.34   Intersect N & S line 4 links South of post.
          Land -- first 40 ch. is bottom, covered with Plum Haw Thorns Hazel, Briers Vines nettles, etc.
          Last 35 chains Barrens or thinly timbered, 2nd rate, land. W. Oak, Bur Oak, Blk Oak, Hickory etc.

West    Corrected between sections 26 & 35 V 9 50'.
 4.30   Burr Oak 12 inches diameter.
40.17   Set quarter section posts.
          Bearings: Hickory 6 S 78 E 25.
                      J Oak 4 N 27 W 24.
80.34   Section corner.

North   Between sections 26 and 27 Va 10 10'.
00.48   Leave Cedar creek and rise bluff banks.
 2.50   Descend bluff.
 5.50   Brook 4 links Wide E.
 7.50   Ascend hills to Barrens.
40.00   Set quarter section posts.
          Bearings: Blk Oak 10 N 58 W 43.
                     Blk Oak 8 S 58 E 50.
54.15   Blk Oak 15 inches diameter.
18.48   W. Oak 18 inches diameter.
80.00   Set post Cor. sections 22, 23, 26, 27.
          Bearings: W. Oak 14 N 44 W 67.
                     W Oak 12 S 6 E 34.
          Land 2nd rate, open barrens, W. Oak, Blk Oak, Red Oak. Hazel Briers, etc.
          P. S. There were no bearings taken at the S end of this line, the creek has high bluff banks, which will not
          admit of changing the channel.

East    Random between sections 23 and 24 V 9 55'.
64.41   Brook 4 links wide North.
80.26   Intersect North and South line 44 links North of post. Land 2nd rate, open woods.
          W. Oak, red Hickory, Bur Oak etc. no undergrowth.
          In places the timber is standing thick, there is no scattering, that is hard to distinguish between timber and
          prairie.

West    Corrected between sections 23 & 26 V 9 35'.
17.20   Bur Oak 10 inches diameter.
27.31   Red Oak 16 inches diameter.
40.03   Set quarter section post.
          Bearings: W. Oak 14 N 55 W 24.
                     W Oak 15 S 6 W 22.
40.71   Hickory 8 inches diameter.
45.53   Hickory 6 inches diameter.
80.26   Section corner.

North   Bwtween sections 22 and 23 Va 9 50'.
13.63   White Oak 15 inches diameter.
16.40   Brook 5 L. Wide, West.
40.00   Set quarter section post.
          Bearings: Bur Oak 18 S 9 E 35.
                     Bur Oak 14 N 89 E 10.40.
          Land 2nd rate, rolling land, thinly timbered with W. Oak, Blk Oak, Bur Oak and Hickory, some Hazel.
          This land is most beautiful in appearance, it is very alluring to the sight, but upon close inspection does not fill
          the expectation.

East    Random between sections 14 & 23 V 9 30'.
 6.33   Brook 4 L Wide N & S.
41.00   Enter prairie.
79.77   Intersect North & South line 8 links North of post.
          Land first 40 ch rolling, 2nd rate, Bur Oak, W. Oak.
          Last 39, first rate prairie -- here it is a hard matter to distinguish prairie from timber.

West    Corrected between sections 14 and 23 V 9 25'.
39.88   Set quarter section post.
          Bearings Blk Oak 14 N 81 W 169.
                    Bur Oak 9 S 59 W 1.16.
79.79   Section corner.
          August 10th, 1837.

North   Between sections 14 & 15 Va 9 50'.
21.35   Bur Oak 6 inches diameter.
26.83   Bur Oak 12 inches diameter.
40.00   Set quarter section post.
          Bearings: Bur Oak 10 N 77 E 26.
                     W. Oak 12 S 33 W 47.
42.30   Hickory 8 inches diameter.
50.90   Brook 4 links wide, West.
61.25   Bur Oak 8 inches diameter.
80.00   Set corner post sections 10, 11, 14, 15.
          Bearings: Bur Oak 12 N 50 E 43.
                     Bur Oak 14 S 30 W 52.
          Land South half level, 2nd rate, Barrens, W. Oak, Blk Oak, Bur Oak. North half, gently rolling, 2nd rate,
          timber same.

East    Random between section 11 and 14 V. 9 30'.
15.50   Leave scattering timber and enter prairie.
79.58   Intersect North & South line 28 lks N of post.
          Land first 30 chains 2nd rate, last 50 chains first rate, rolling prairie.

West    Corrected between sections 11 & 14.
39.79   Set quarter section post in mound in prairie, Pit 4 lks East. 6 chains South is a large cornfield, claimed by
          Elizabeth Parker a setler (sic) on N E qr of sec 14 and Samuel Bomafield (sic) a young man who boards with
          him -- but a setler (sic).
79.58   Section corner.

North   Between sections 10 and 11 Va 9 50'.
 5.93   Blk Oak 12 inches diameter.
33.12   Brook 4 links wide West.
40.00   Set quarter section post.
          Bearings: Bur Oak 10 N 62 W 89.
                     Bur do 8 North 194 lks.
41.94   Bur Oak 8 in diameter.
43.00   Leave scattering timber and enter rolling prairie.
47.00   House 4 ch. 50 lks West occupied by William Williams a setler (sic).
80.00   Set post in mound in prairie pit 4 lks South, corner sections 2, 3, 10. 11.
          Land rolling, 2nd rate, South half timber Blk Oak, Hickory, bur Oak, Hazel, Brier, Vine, North, -- prairie
          Rosin weed, red root.

East     Random between section 2 and 11 V 9 25'.
27.82   Trail S E & N W.
79.70   Intersect North and South, line 15 links N of post.
          Land first rate, rolling prairie, Rosin weed, small wire grass, etc.

West    Corrected between sections 2 and 11 V 9 20'.
39.85   Set quarter section post in mound in prairie Pit 4 links East.
79.70   Section corner.

North   Between section 2 and 3 V 9 53'.
 3.90   Trail E and West.
 4.25   Cornfield owned and claimed by George W. Troy, a setler (sic) on the S E qr. df (sic) section 3.
23.80   Leave field.
40.00   Set quarter section post in mound in prairie Pit 4 links East.
75.63   Intersect North Bdy. of Township 14 links West of post in mound, corner sections 2, 3. Pit 4 lks South. Land
          first rate, prairie, fit for cultivation.

North   Between section 33 and 34 V 10 10'.
 2.12   W. Oak 14 inches diameter.
14.47   W. Oak 10 inches diameter.
40.00   Set quarter section post.
          Bearings: W. Oak 20 N 21 E 23.
                     W. Oak 18 S 80 W 33.
42.90   Brook 4 links wide, East.
44.50   East 40 links is a coal Bank, front appearance good.
51.55   White Oak 20 inches diameter.
52.00   Descend hill into bottom.
73.97   W. Oak 22 inches diameter.
80.00   Set post corner sections 27 28 33 & 34.
          Bearings: Bur Oak 15 N 56 W 182.
                     W. Oak 20 S 75 E 78.
          Land South of Creek, 3rd rate and hilly. W. Oak, Blk Oak, & North of creed 2nd rate, level, bur Oak,
          Hickory, etc.

East     Random between section 27 and 34 V 9 55'.
63.50   Cedar bluff banks bold current, 115 links wide N. E.
78.73   Cedar course East.
80.30   Intersect North and S line 20 links South of post.
          Land first rate, level. Bur Oak, Red Oak, Blk Oak, Hickory, Elm, etc. Hazel, Peavine, Ironweed.

West    Corrected between sections 27 and 34 V 10 05'.
28.64   Bur Oak 22 inches diameter.
          Set quarter section post at overaged distance.
          Bearings: Hickory 12 S 20 W 16.
                     Bur Oak 18 N 10 E 24.
66.60   White Oak 24 inches diameter.
80.30   Section corner.

North   Between section 27 and 28 V 10.
 7.50   Leave level land and enter gently rolling.
15.78   W. Oak 8 inches diameter.
20.22   W. Oak 24 inches diameter.
25.00   Leave rolling land and enter bottom.
29.22   Small creek 15 links wide W.
32.89   Elm 30 inches diameter.
40.00   Set quarter section post.
          Bearings: Elm 15 N 35 W 73.
                     Elm 24 N 8 E 74.
42.00   Leave bottom thence gently rolling land.
38.00   Set post corner sections 21 22 27 28.
          W. Oak 24 N 56 W 425.
          W. do 20 N 76 E 363.
          Land 8 first rate, Bur Oak, Hickory, Elm, Lynn, Walnut N gently sloping, 2nd rate, thinly timbered, W. Oak,
          Hickory, etc.

East     Random between sections 22 & 27 V 10.
17.00   Leave high land and descend into bottom.
30.00   Small creek 15 Links South, thence ascend high rolling land.
81.25   Intersect North and South line 9 links South of post.
          Land 2nd rate, except small skirt of bottom.
          W. Oak, Bur Oak, some hickory, it would be called an Oak opening.

West    Corrected between sections 22 & 27 V 10 5'.
 1.14   W. Oak 14 inches diameter.
 3.05   W. Do 8 inches diameter.
40.62 Set qr. section post.
          Bearings: Red Oak 22 N 17 E 53.
                     W. Oak 10 S 77 W 54.
43.59   W. Oak 14 inches diameter.
49.27   Red Oak 18 inches diameter.
81.25   Section corner.

North   Between sections 21 and 22 V 9 30'.
14.00   Descend from high land.
19.50   Reach bottom.
23.84   Lynn 12 inches diameter.
30.43   Branch or creek 12 lks wide E.
31.61   W. Oak 12 inches diameter.
32.00   Ascend sloping lands.
40.00   Set quarter section post.
          W. Oak 16 S 85 W 72.
          No other tree appears on the opposite of the line of a suitable size for the scarcity of timber on the line.
80.00   Set corner post section 15, 16, 21, 22.
          Bearings: Red Oak 12 N 14 E 40.
                     W. Oak 14 S 82 W 30.
          Land 2nd rate, rolling, except 10 chain in the creek bottom first rate, thinly timbered. W. Oak, Blk Oak,
          Hickory, Hazel, Briers, Blk Jack, Hickory, etc. Vines.

East     Random between section 15 & 22 V 9 50'.
71.21   Brook 4 links wide S.
81.00   Intersect N & South line 14 links South of post.
          Land 2nd rate, same as on the last East and North line.

West    Corrected between sections 15 & 22 V 9 55'.
12.31   Red Oak 8 inches diameter.
40.50   Set quarter section post.
          Bearings: W. Oak 24 S 86 E 18.
                     W. Oak 8 N 16 W 12.
          No other station trees appears on this line from the scarcity of timber.
81.00   Section corner.

North   Between sections 15 and 16 V 9.
14.31   White Oak 10 inches diameter.
39.44   Brook 10 links wide S of W.
40.00   Set quarter section post.
          Bearings: Maple 10 N 88 E 53.
                     Elm 9 N 62 W 39.
42.22   Red Oak 24 inches diameter.
44.50   Bur Oak 36 inches diameter.
64.34   Red Oak 11 in diameter.
78.67   Brook 5 South of E.
80.00   Set post corner sections 9, 10, 15, 16.
          Land South 3rd rate, broken. W. Oak, Red. Oak, etc.
          North gently sloping, 2nd rate, fit for cultivation. Bur Oak, Elm, Hickory, Red Oak, etc.
          Peavine & Nettles.
          Bearings: Willow 6 S 6 W 44.
                     Bur Oak 12 N 38 E 41.

East     Random between sections 10 & 15 V 9 50'.
31.00   Descend hill to brook.
31.22   Brook 10 links wide S. E.
37.00   Ascend hill.
45.00   Descend hill.
49.20   Brook 8 links wide S.
52.00   Ascend gently rising ground.
80.60   Intersect N & S line 19 lks South of post.

West    Corrected between section 10 and 15 V 10.
00.70   Bur Oak 7 inches diameter.
 2.40   Bur Oak 8 inches diameter.
10.72   W. Oak 14 inches diameter.
40.30   Set quarter section post.
          Bearings: W. Oak 12 N 72 E 17.
                     W. Oak 22 S 27 E 57.
80.60   Section corner.
          Land hilly, 2nd rate, Unfit for cultivation.
          W. Oak, Red Oak, etc. Hazel.

North   Between sections 9 and 10 V 9.
 7.30   Bur Oak 10 inches diameter.
40.00   Set quarter section post.
          Bearings: Hickory 14 N 55 W 24.
                     Br. Oak 9 N 62 E 53.
58.10   Blk Oak 12 inches diameter.
71.39   Blk Oak 15 inches diameter.
80.00   Set post corner section 3, 4, 9, 10.
          Bearings: Red Oak 15 N 26 E 27.
                     Red Oak 10 N 19 W 33.
          Land 2nd rate, rolling, thinly timbered W. Oak Red Oak, Hickory. Hazel, Peavine, etc.

East     Random between sections 3 & 10 V 9 35.
10.05   Brook 14 links wide S.
56.00   Leave timber and enter high prairie.
79.90   Intersect North & South line 35 lks South of Post.
          Land to the prairie 2nd rate, rolling, thinly timbered, but fit for cultivation.
          W. Oak, Bur Oak, Blk Oak, Hickory, Hazel, Plum Thorn, Briers, etc.

West    Corrected between sections 3 and 10 V 9 50'.
39.95   Set quarter section post.
          Burr Oak 18 S 68 W 80.
          Bur Oak 12 N 70 W 43.
79.90   Section corner.

North   Between sections 3 & 4 V 9.
11.28   White Oak 10 inches diameter.
19.87   Brook 5 lks wide E.
20.60   Brook 5 lks Do West.
21.86   Brook 5 lks Do East.
32.00   Leave timber and enter prairie.
40.00   Set quarter section post in mound in prairie, Pit 4 lks East.
76.58   Intersect North boundary of township 7 lks E of post.
          Set post in mound in prairie corner, sections 3, 4. Pit 4 links South.
          Land 2nd rate, W. Oak, Red Oak, Blk Oak.
          Hazel, Briers, and on prairie, rosin weed, red root.
          August 12, 1837.

North   Between sections 32 & 33 V 9 40'.
 5.02   Hickory 8 inches diameter.
 7.35   Black Oak 24 inches diameter.
19.87   W. Oak 10 inches diameter.
22.50   Leave level land and enter hilly or broken.
27.50   W. Oak 13 inches diameter.
31.00   Descend hill to brook.
36.50   Coal Bank.
38.00   Brook 4 lks wide N.
40.00   Set quarter section post.
          Bearings: Elm 30 S 72 E 22.
                     Red Oak 24 S 70 W 31.
40.58   Lynn 12 in diameter.
46.78   Small creek 25 links N of E.
50.29   Lynn 8 inches diameter.
53.90   Small creek 15 links West.
55.69   Small creek 20 lks E.
64.96   Bayou 30 lks E and W.
68.25   Bayou 40 lks E & West.
71.30   Enter marsh.
77.00   Leave marsh.
80.00   Set post corner sections 28, 29, 32 & 33.
          Bearings: Birch 20 S 54 E 14.
                     Elm 11 S 42 W 27.
          Land first 20 chains level, 2nd rate, thence hilly to the creek, thence low bottom, unfit for cultivation, only in
          spots, timber on upland. W. Oak, Hickory, Red Oak, in bottom. Lynn, Walnut, Buckeye, Elm, Birch, Maple,
          Bur Oak, Thorns, Crabapples, etc., nettles, peavine.

East     Random between sections 3 & 10 V 9 35.
10.05   Brook 14 links wide S.
56.00   Leave timber and enter high prairie.
79.90   Intersect North & South line 35 lks South of Post.
          Land to the prairie 2nd rate, rolling, thinly timbered, but fit for cultivation.
          W. Oak, Bur Oak, Blk Oak, Hickory, Hazel, Plum Thorn, Briers, etc.

West    Corrected between sections 3 and 10 V 9 50'.
39.95   Set quarter section post.
          Burr Oak 18 S 68 W 80.
          Bur Oak 12 N 70 W 43.
79.90   Section corner.

North   Between sections 3 & 4 V 9.
11.28   White Oak 10 inches diameter.
19.87   Brook 5 lks wide E.
20.60   Brook 5 lks Do West.
21.86   Brook 5 lks Do East.
32.00   Leave timber and enter prairie.
40.00   Set quarter section post in mound in prairie, Pit 4 lks East.
76.58   Intersect North boundary of township 7 lks E of post.
          Set post in mound in prairie corner, sections 3, 4. Pit 4 links South.
          Land 2nd rate, W. Oak, Red Oak, Blk Oak.
          Hazel, Briers, and on prairie, rosin weed, red root.
          August 12, 1837.

North   Between sections 32 & 33 V 9 40'.
 5.02   Hickory 8 inches diameter.
 7.35   Black Oak 24 inches diameter.
19.87   W. Oak 10 inches diameter.
22.50   Leave level land and enter hilly or broken.
27.50   W. Oak 13 inches diameter.
31.00   Descend hill to brook.
36.50   Coal Bank.
38.00   Brook 4 lks wide N.
40.00   Set quarter section post.
          Bearings: Elm 30 S 72 E 22.
                     Red Oak 24 S 70 W 31.
40.58   Lynn 12 in diameter.
46.78   Small creek 25 lks N of E.
50.29   Lynn 8 inches diameter.
53.90   Small creek 15 links West.
55.69   Small creek 20 lks E.
64.96   Bayou 30 lks E and W.
68.25   Bayou 40 lks E & West.
71.30   Enter marsh.
77.00   Leave marsh.
80.00   Set corner post sections 28, 29, 32 & 33.
          Bearings: Birch 20 S 54 E 14.
                     Elm 11 S 42 W 27.
          Land first 20 chains level, 2nd rate, thence hilly to the creek, thence low bottom, unfit for cultivation, only in
          spots, timber on upland. W. Oak, Hickory, Red Oak, in bottom. Lynn, Walnut, Buckeye, Elm, Birch, Maple,
          Bur Oak, Thorns, Crabapples, etc., nettles, peavine.

East     Random between sections 28 & 33 V 9 55'.
20.18   Bayou 40 lks wide N & S.
30.20   Cedar bend E. thence down the creek.
33.60   Leave Creek on North.
46.50   Rise Bluff.
61.29   Cedar bold current, bluff banks 160 links South West.
79.97   Intersect N & S line 70 links North of post.
          Land first 46 ch. bottom, Lynn, Huckey, Walnut, Paw Paw, Maple, Birch, etc., Nettles, Peavine, Last 34 chain
          2nd rate, W. Oak, Blk Oak, Hickory, undergrowth Hazel, Briers, Vines, etc.

West    Corrected between sections 28 and 33 V 9 25'.
12.83   W. Oak 22 inches diameter.
13.34   Hickory 8 inches diameter.
39.98  Set quarter section post.
          Bearings: Red Oak 15 S 34 E 41.
                     Hickory to N 48 E 6.
43.59   Bur Oak 18 inches diameter.
79.97   Section corner.

North   Between sections 28 and 29 V 9 30'.
 3.22   Elm 30 inches diameter.
 7.70   Hickory 15 inches diameter.
12.00   Enter marsh.
15.40   Leave marsh.
19.50   Red Oak 25 inches diameter.
20.13   Cedar 70 links wide East.
21.78   Maple 14 inches diameter.
29.80   Enter bend of cedar.
31.00   Leave Cedar high banks.
40.00   Set quarter section post.
          Bearings: Elm 5 N 68 W 6.
                     Bur Oak 16 S 44 E 4.
42.00   Leave bottom & enter gently ascending Barrens.
80.00   Set post corner section 20, 21, 28 29.
          Bearings: Hickory 14 S 31 W 48.
                     W. Oak 20 N 58 E 54.
          Land S botom (sic) N barrens.

East     Random between sections 21 & 28 V 9 30.
79.60   Intersect North and South line 49 links South of post.
          Land 2nd rate fit for cultivation. Open barren, some W. & Br Oak & Hickory, beautiful to look at tall grass
          & Peavine.

West    Corrected between sections 21 and 28 V 9 10'.
 6.16   Hickory 12 inches diameter.
39.85   Set quarter section post.
          Bearings: Bur Oak 12 S 84 E 822.
                     Bur Oak 15 N 88 E 797.
79.60   Section corner.
          August 13, 1837.

North   Between sections 20 and 21 V 9 30'.
 3.40   Elm 8 inches diameter.
27.69   Black Oak 12 in diameter.
40.00   Set quarter section post.
          Bearings: Bur Oak 8 S 18 W 1.79.
                     Bur Oak 14 S 41 E 1.31.
80.00   Set post corner sections 16, 17, 20 21.
          Land 2nd rate, and perfectly open or thinly bimtered with Hickory, Bur Oak, & undergrowth Hazel, Briers, Vines
          & intermixed with peavine, hops, etc.

East     Random between Section 16 & 21 V 9 50'.
20.54   Brook 3 lks S of E.
46.58   Brook 4 lks wide S E.
52.00   Descend from highland.
59.21   Small creek 12 lks wide S.
62.00   Leave bottom & Rise hills.
80.04   Intersect N & South line 40 lks North of post.
          Land 2nd rate, rolling, west of the creek -- Bottom first rate, Walnut, Buckeye, & Bal, W. Oak, Bur Oak,
          Red Oak, Hickory, Peavine.

West    Corrected between section 16 & 21 Var 9 30'.
 5.63   Red Oak 22 inches diameter.
40.02   Set quarter section post.
          Bearings: W. Oak 20 South 127 lks.
                     W Do 18 N 47 E 184.
58.70   Red Oak 18 inches diameter.
80.04   Section corner.

North   Between section 16 & 17 V 9 30'.
40.00   Set quarter section post.
          Bearings: Bur Oak 12 S 9 E 532.
                     Bur Oak 20 N 5.22 lks.
45.22   Bur Oak 20 inches diameter.
61.30   Brook 3 lks West.
80.00   Set post corner section 8, 9, 16 17.
          Bearings: Br. Oak 12 N 14 E 3.18.
                     Br. Do. 15 N 72 W 7.50.
          Land 2nd rate, high and rolling, such is the fact it cannot properly be called either timber or prairie, the
          surface is too uneven for prairie, and the vegetation too mixed for timber. Take the whole country together
          there appears to be a sufficiency of timber Hazel, red wood, etc.

East     Random between sections 9 & 16 V 9 30'.
53.00   Leave open barren and enter thick timber.
78.55   Brooks 4 lks wide South.
80.76   Intersect North and south line 48 links North of post, Land gently rolling, 2nd rate, W. Oak, Red Oak, Hickory,
          Hazel briers, Vines, Red Wood, peavine, etc.

West    Corrected between sections 9 and 16 V 9 10'.
 3.28   W. Oak 7 in diameter.
10.62   W. Oak 6 inches diameter.
40.08   Set quarter section post.
          Bur Oak 9 N 28 E 51.
          Bur Oak 10 S 22 E 69.
80.16   Section corners.

North   Between section 8 and 9 Var 9 30'.
40.00   Set quarter section post.
          Bearings: Jack Oak 4 S 6 W 7.60.
                     Jack Oak 6 N 5 E 572.
52.00   Leave scattering timber and enter prairie.
80.00   Set post in mound in prairie Pit 4 links South.
          Corner sections 4, 5, 8, 9.
          Land first 50 chains 2nd rate, scattering timber. Hazels, Briers, Red root, Willow, Vines.
          Last 30 chains first rate, Prairie, Wire grass, Rosin Weed, Rattle snake's master, etc.

East     Random between 4 and 9 V 9 30'.
37.50   Leave prairie and enter timber.
80.63   Intersect north & South line 43 links North of post.
          Land -- prairie first rate, level, fit for cultivation.
          Timber 2nd rate, Red Oak, W. Oak, Hickory, some Hazel Briers, Vines, etc.

West    Corrected between sections 4 and 9 V 9 10'.
   .98   Hickory 10 inches diameter.
 3.69   Blk Oak 18 inches diameter.
40.31  Set quarter section post.
          Quaker Asp 6 N 19 E 11.
          Elm 5 S 42 E 21.
80.63   Section corner.

North   Between section 4 & 5 V 9 30'.
40.00   Set quarter section post in mound in prairie, Pit 4 links East.
51.88   Brook 3 lks Wide, S. E.
67.54   Brook 6 lks S. E.
77.25   Intersect North Boundary of Township 11 links East of post. Set post in mound corner for sections 4, 5.

North   Between sections 31 and 32 V 9 30'.
18.02   Burr Oak 21 inches diameter.
31.69   Bur Oak 14 inches diameter.
40.00   Set quarter section post.
          Bearings: W. Oak 18 S 14 W 10.
                     Bur Oak 15 N 76 E 79.
42.10   Brook 4 links S E.
80.00   Set post corner for section 29 30 31 32.
          Bearings: W. Oak 20 S 14 W 624.
                     J Oak 10 S 88 E 79.
          Land south half 3rd rate, rolling, Hickory, Jack Oak, W. Oak, undergrowth Hazel, Hickory, Blk Oak,
          Red root, Briers, vines, etc.
          North Barrens or thinly timbered, gently rolling. Bur Oak, Hickory, Hazel, Red root.

East     Random between 29 and 32 V 9 35'.
60.50   Descend hill to bottom
66.00   Enter bottom.
80.34   Intersect North & South line 22 links South of post.
          Land first level, 2nd rate, W. Oak, Blk Oak, Hickory, etc. East half to the bottom, hilly, 3rd rate.
          Timber same, thence first rate, Walnut, Elm, Lynn, Buckeye, Nettles, etc.

West    Corrected between sections 29 and 32 V 9 45'.
22.88   W. Oak 10 inches diameter.
24.21   W. Oak 8 inches diamter.
40.17   Set qr. section post.
          W. Oak 10 S 62 E 8.
          W Oak 12 N 33 E 40.
45.32   Blk Oak 16 in diameter.
80.34   Section corner.

West    Random between sections 30 & 31 V 9 50'.
51.00   Leave barrens & enter prairie.
65.50   Leave prairie and enter scattering timber and Hazel brush.
81.41   Intersect West Boundary of Township 49 links South of post. Took bearings marked Nos sections 30 and 31.
          Bearings: J. Oak 6 N 6 E 70.
                     Hickory 16 S 20 E 14.
          Land 2nd rate, except the Prairie gently slopeing.
          Prairie first rate, Hazel, plum, Cherry, vines.

East     Corrected between sections 30 and 31 V 9 30'.
41.41   Set quarter section post.
          Bur Oak 22 S 59 E 112 lks.
          No other tree near.
81.41   Section corner.

North   Between section 29 and 30 V 9 30'.
40.00   Set quarter section post.
          Bearings: W. Oak 20 N 40 W 44.
                     W Oak 44 S 86 E 42.
41.00   Leave level land and enter hilly.
41.84   W. Oak 24 inches diameter.
54.63   B. Walnut 18 inches diameter.
39.00   Descend hill. (Should be 59.00?)
76.75   Enter bend of cedar Cr.
78.62   Leave Cedar.
80.00   Set post corner sections, 19, 20, 29, 30.
          Bearings: Birch 24 S 7 E 19.
                     Hackberry 8 S 65 W 39.
          Land S level 2nd rate, W. Oak B. Oak, etc., Hazel, N hilly, 3rd rate, W. Oak, Blk Oak, Hazel Briers,
          Vines, etc.

East     Random between sections 20 & 29 V 9 30'.
 7.27   Cedar 60 lks South.
17.30   Enter Marsh N & S.
19.50   Leave marsh.
31.00   Enter pond clear water.
54.20   Leave pond and ascend high land.
80.00   Intersect North and South line 33 links South of post.
          Land first 54 chains is unfit for cultivation, low and wet. Last 26 chains first rate, soil. Bur Oak, Hickory, etc.

West    Corrected between sections 20 & 29 V 40'.
 9.25   Hickory 10 inches diameter.
12.88   Bur Oak 12 inches diameter.
40.11   Set quarter post in pond, no trees near.
80.22   Corner section.

West    Random between sections 1 & 30 V 10 30'.
13.80   Leave bottom and ascend rolling land.
81.60   Intersect West Boundary of township 77 links South of post.
          Land 2nd rate, rolling. W. Oak, Red Oak, Hickory, Hazel, etc.
          Took Bearings and marked no's for sections 19 and 30.
          Bearings: Hickory 18 S 82 E 195.
                     Bur Oak 20 N 88 E 621.

East     Corrected between sections 19 & 30 V 11.
 7.31   Bur Oak 11 inches diameter.
12.69   Hickory 6 inches diameter.
41.60   Set qr. section post.
          W. Oak 18 N 32 E 16.
          W. Oak 21 S 7 W 103.
45.92   W. Oak 24 inches diameter.
81.60   Section corner.

North   Between sections 19 and 20 V 9 30'.
 4.45   Hickory 10 inches diameter.
 6.55   Cedar 10 links wide East.
 7.83   Cottonwood 24 inches diameter.
16.43   Cedar Cr. 80 links S. W.
          Low banks, dull current.
23.38   Birch 24 inches diameter.
30.98   Cedar 70 links S. E.
          Banks high on North.
40.00   Set quarter section post.
          Bearings: Elm 8 S 31 W 13.
                     Bur Oak 10 N 50 E 51.
42.24   Bur Oak 20 inches diameter.
80.00   Set post corner for sections 17, 18 19 20.
          Bearings: Bur Oak 18 S 778 E 107.
                     Elm 10 N 9 W 77.
          Land first 30 chains low and wet.
          Maple, Elm, Buckeye, Cottonwood, etc., thence commences gently rolling land 2nd rate.

East     Random between 17 and 20 V 9 50'.
80.38   Intersect N & South line 36 links South of post.
          Land 2nd rate, gently rolling, tall grass and peavine, and what is most remarkable is undergrowth.

West    Corrected between sections 17 and 20 V 10 05'.
 6.30   Bur Oak 14 inches diameter.
26.41   Hickory 8 inches diameter.
40.19   Set quarter section post.
          Red Oak 18 S 54 E 126.
          Red Oak 16 N 40 W 92.
46.08   Red Oak 10 inches diameter.
48.15   Hickory 4 inches diameter.
80.38   Section corner.

West    Random between sections 18 & 19 V.
46.75   Cedar 65 lks wide dull current and low banks S.
50.37   Cedar 60 lks North.
64.05   Enter Marsh N & S.
65.60   Leave marsh and rise high ground and prairie at that.
81.46   Intersect West Boundary of township 38 links S of post. Marked No's for sections 18 & 19.
          No trees are near enough on the East of the line to take bearings.
          Land to the creek first rate. Walnut, Buckeye, Lynn, Elm, Maple, Birch, West of creek no timber of any
          consequence.

East     Corrected sections 18 and 19 V 8 30'.
41.46   Set quarter section post.
          Bearings: Maple 36 N 32 W 10.
                     Elm 40 S 44 E 46.
44.74   Lynn 20 inches diameter.
47.28   Buckeye 10 inches diameter.
81.46   Section corner.

North   Between sections 17 and 18 V 9.
 7.14   Hickory 14 inches diameter.
27.47   W. Oak 12 inches diameter.
36.19   Brook 8 lks wide West.
40.00   Set quarter section post.
          Bearings: W Oak 10 S 78 W 25.
                     W Oak 12 S 56 E 19.
53.96   Hickory 6 inches diameter.
60.58   Red Oak 20 inches diameter.
68.69   W. Oak 18 inches diameter.
80.00   Set post corner section 7, 8, 17, 18.
          Bearings: Blk Oak 10 S 63 E 30.
                     Blk Oak 22 S 56 W 25.
          Land 2nd rate, gently slopeing, W. Oak, Blk Oak, Hickory, Red Oak, etc. Tall grass.

East     Random between section 17 & 18 V 10.
43.10   Brook 3 lks Wide S.
80.54   Intersect North & South line 22 links South of post.
          Lane 2nd rate, rolling, W. Oak, Bur Oak, Blk Oak, on the W . E no timber of consequence.

West    Corrected between sections 17 and 18 Var 10 10'.
40.27   Set quarter post.
          Bearings: W. Oak 18 S 3 E 27.
                      Hickory 8 N 9 E 36.
47.41   Hickory 6 inches diameter.
49.72   Hickory 8 inches diameter.
80.54   Section corner.

West    Random between sections 7 and 18 V 8 30'.
55.00   Leave upland and enter bottom.
59.68   Bayou 50 lks wide N & S.
63.98   Creek 30 lks wide S.
66.20   Rise bluff on the high land.
81.65   Intersect West boundary of township 29 lks North of post. Took bearings marked No's fr 7 and 18.
          Bearings: Bur Oak 10 N 46 E 84.
                     Bur Oak 13 S 4 E 155.
          Land first 55 chains 2nd rate, gently or inclined.
          W. Oak, Hickory, 7 chains is bottom, first rate.
          Lynn, Walnut, Buckeye, thence to the line, barrens, or nearly approaching prairie, 2nd rate.

East     Corrected between sections 7 and 18 V.
23.82   Red Oak 14 inches diameter.
24.30   Bur Oak 12 inches diameter.
34.45   W. Oak 10 inches diameter.
41.65   Set quarter section post.
          W. Oak 8 S 39 E 21.
          W. Oak 15 N 40 W 61.
48.65   W. Oak 6 inches diameter.
49.54   W. Oak 12 inches diameter.
81.65   Section corner.
          P. S. All this line as well as on the last North & East line is of a small growth.
          August 17, 1837.

North   Between sections 7 and 8 V 9.
 3.36   Blk Oak 13 inches diameter.
 9.92   Red Oak 12 inches diameter.
15.41   Blk Oak 18 inches diameter.
40.00   Set quarter section post.
67.48   W. Oak 18 inches diameter.
69.53   Red Oak 16 inches diameter.
80.00   Set post corner section 5, 6, 7, 8.
          W. Oak 15 S 42 W. 13.
          B. Oak 18 N 19 E 34.
          Land rolling and rate, W. Oak, Blk Oak, Red Oak, hickory, etc.

East     Random between sections 5 and 8 V 10 5'.
53.00   Leave scatterint timber and enter prairie.
79.93   Intersect north and south line 18 links south of post.
          Land first 50 chains 2nd rate, gently rolling, scattering timber W. Oak, B. Oak, Prairie, 1st rate, rosin weed,
          Milk weed, wire grass, etc.

West    Random between section 6 & 7 V 8 55'.
17.50   Descend from highland into bottom.
27.50   Enter bottom.
44.20   Small creek 15 lks S E.
45.40   Leave bottom and ascend bluff on to highland.
61.00   Leave timber and enter prairie.
81.80   Intersect West boundary of township 44 links N of post.
          Mark No's for sections 6 and 7 on post.
          Land first 27 chains 2nd rate, gently rolling. W. Oak, Red Oak, Blk Oak, next 14 ch first rate, soil. Elm, Lynn,
          Walnut, Last 35 ch. 3rd rate, hilly, the prairie and it is 3rd rate.

East     Corrected between sections 6 and 7 V 9 15'.
29.99   W. Oak 20 inches diameter.
35.11   W. Oak 15 inches diameter.
41.80   Set quarter section post.
          Birch 6 N 30 W 31.
          Maple 12 S 52 E 53.
44.27   Elm 6 inches diameter.
71.73   W. Oak 20 inches diameter.
79.60   W. Oak 20 inches diameter.
81.80   Section corner.

North   Between section 5 and 7 V 9.
00.49   W. Oak 15 inches diameter.
11.63   Brook 4 lks wide S. W.
30.65   W. Oak 12 inches diameter.
32.74   W. Oak 14 inches diameter.
40.70   Set quarter section post.
          W. Oak 12 S 25 W 56.
          Br. Oak 20 N 27 E 43.
57.67   W. Oak 6 inches diameter.
79.93   Intersect north Boundary of township 61 lks East of post. set post corner section 5 and 6.
          Bur Oak 20 S 46 W 46.
          Hickory 12 S 14 E 55.
          Land 2nd rate, rolling W. Oak, Blk Oak, Hickory, Small grass.
          August 18, 1837.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Of this may be said:
   That it embraces a large portion of good soil, well adapted to the uses and purposes of cultivation.

The prairie is fine,--the surrounding timber somewhat scattering or thinly interspersed over the surface.

Cedar Creek passes through the whole south boundary and other small creeks that aford (sic) a sufficiency of water.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

I hereby certify that in pursuance of a contract with Robt. T. Lytle, Surveyor General of the United States for the states of Ohio and Indiana and Michigan and the territory of Wisconsin, bearing date the 23rd day of May, 1837, and in strict confirmity to the laws of the United States and the instructions of said Surveyor General. I have surveyed and subdivided into sections Township No. 71, Range No. 9 in the Territory of Wisconsin. And I do further certify that the foregoing are the true and Original Field notes of the said Survey and subdivision executed as aforesaid.

Certified this 18 of August, 1837.

E. F. Lucas, Deputy Surveyor.

Jackson Purjue,
W. H. Cook, Chainmen.

Reuben W. Dodd, Marker.


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