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HAGEA, JACOB—Farmer and stock-raiser, Sec. 10, P. O. Homestead. Was born November 9, 1818, in Huntingdon county, Pennsylvania, and after finishing his education he learned the plasterer's trade. He worked at it till 1854, and then moved to Rock Island county, Illinois, where he again engaged at his trade for some time. Then commenced the mercantile buiness in Camden Mills which he continued to conduct for nearly three years. In 1857 he came to Iowa and settled where he now lives and owns 127 acres of improved land, including timber, having a large residence on the same. He has been twice married; first, November 9, 1840, in Pennsylvania, to Miss Rachel Richey, and from this union there are two children: George (married and lives in Lenox township) and Eliza (wife of R. E. Johns). Mr. Hagea buried his wife in Pennsylvania, January 18, 1849. July 2, 1850, he married in Pennsylvania, for his second wife, Miss Catherine Shriver, a native of Pennsylvania.


IRVING, ROBERT—Farmer and stock-raiser, Sec. 1, P. O. Homestead. Was born in January, 1814, in Scotland. His parents being poor and having a family of eleven children, he did not enjoy any opportunities for an education and never attended school but one day. Early in life he engaged in mining. In 1845 he came to the United States and engaged in mining in Pennsylvania, where he continued for ten years. In 1853 he came to Iowa and entered his present farm and in 1855 settled where he now lives and owns 240 acres of improved land. He has been twice married; first, in August, 1834, in England, to Miss Jane Allen, a native of England. They had two children by this union, both now deceased. His wife died in 1839. He married for his second wife, August 3, 1844, in England, Miss Mary Weatherburn, a native of England. Eight children have been born to them, four of whom are now living: Robert, Elizabeth, (widow of William Armstrong), Sarah Jane and Permilla (wife of L. Neuma).


LEONARD, DAVID—Farmer and stock-raiser, Sec. 1, P.O. Norway. Was born December 6, 1836, in Licking county, Ohio, and when eight years old, he with his parents moved to La Salle county, Illinois. He learned the cooper’s trade and worked at this and at farming for a livelihood. In October, 1864, he came to Iowa and engaged in farming in Benton county. In 1865 he moved to Story county, Iowa, where he bought eighty acres of land, and there engaged in the employ of the C.&N.W. Railway, and worked for this company most of the time for three years. In the spring of 1868 he moved to Benton county and engaged in farming near by. In January, 1869, he settled where he now lives and


owns 160 acres of well improved land. He was married, in May, 1865, in Marengo, to Miss Martha L. Dutton, a resident of Norway and a native of Illinois. They have six children: Orson A., Floyd M., Lydia E., Vivian L., Stella M., and David D. They have buried one daughter, Florence.


SCHLUETER, J. F.—Farmer and stock-raiser, Sec. 6, P. O. Norway. Is a native of Prussia, born September 23, 1819. There, after finishing his education, he learned the carpenter's trade and worked at the same until 1844, then came to the United States and settled in Missouri, where he engaged in farming and working at his trade in Lincoln and Warren counties. In 1849 he went to St. Louis, there working at his trade until 1851, when he came to Iowa and settled in what is now Lenox township and became a member of a German colony which continued five years and then dissolved for want of means. He then settled where he now lives and owns 320 acres of well improved land. He owns 177 acres of improved land in Johnson county. Mr. S. and his family suffered much of want of food the first years of their residence here, often living on milk alone, and at one time they lived three days on turnips, at the same time doing hard work. He was married in 1844, in Missouri, to Miss Mary Voss. They have seven children living: William (married and lives in Jackson county), Henry, Mary (now the wife of Adam Wolf of Iowa county), Peter, John, Charles and Annie, and have buried five: Harman, Mina and Lina (twins), Mary and John.