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Warren County Iowa GenWeb

US GenWeb

History of Warren County, Iowa from Its Earliest Settlement to 1908

by Rev. W.C. Martin, S.J. Clarke Publishing Co., Chicago, Illinois, 1908


David Hallam was born in Clinton County, Ohio, June 23, 1810. The family is of English origin and is mentioned in Domesday Book; which shows that estates in lands belonged to them in the reign of William the Con­queror, in the eleventh century, when that book was completed. In latter years John Hallam, who was dean of Bristol, and afterward canon of Wind­sor, was a celebrated classic scholar. His son, Henry Hallam, was a distin­guished historian and was the author of "Hallam's Middle Ages," and "The History of the Literature of Europe," and other historical works, and his grandson, Arthur Henry Hallam, the friend of the poet Tennyson, was the subject of "In Memoriam" by the poet. Their home was in Lincolnshire.
The subject of this sketch is directly descended from Thomas Hallam, who emigrated from Yorkshire, England, about the year 1700, and settled with his two sons, Thomas and John, and their families on the eastern shores of Maryland. In England they were Jacobites, and what were termed non-jurors, and left England to avoid religious persecution.
David Hallam was the son of Thomas Hallam, who was born in Maryland in 1740 and who died in Clinton County, Ohio, in 1832. He was twice mar­ried. His first wife was Margaret Sillik, who died young in years in the state of Ohio. By this marriage there were born one daughter, Minerva, who was married first to John C. Ellis, and later to James M. Hamilton, and one son, Thomas W., who with his father emigrated to Iowa and was for many years engaged in business in Indianola and later died in Chicago. David Hallam was married the second time to Jane Roberts in Sabina, Ohio, and by this marriage there were born six children, Rose, Imogene, May, Artimsa, Grafton and Claude.
Mr. Hallam emigrated from Ohio to Warren County, Iowa, in 1857, and located in Indianola. He was a man of large means for those early days and invested extensively in lands. He was engaged for many years in stock farming, and in buying and shipping cattle to the eastern markets in the days before the advent of railroads in the state of Iowa, the cattle from this part of the state being driven on foot to Keokuk, and later to Eddyville, when the first railroad in Iowa had reached that point on the Des Moines valley.
Mr. Hallam was a Republican in politics, and was always a man of pro­nounced views. He was a member of the Masonic fraternity and was an active worker in its lodge. He was a man of fine business ability and of sterling integrity. He organized the First National Bank of Indianola in 1865 and was its first president, and for years he continued actively con­nected with that institution. Prior to the organization of this bank he and his son, Thomas W., had been engaged in the general banking business in Indianola under the firm name of Hallam & Son. He was one of the founders of Simpson College of Indianola.
David Hallam was a man of generous impulses; his hand and purse were ever open to all worthy enterprises, and the old pioneers yet living in Warren County speak feelingly of his generosity and great kindness of heart.  He died in Indianola, July 18, 1881, and was buried by the Masonic order of which he had been a lifelong member, in the beautiful cemetery at Indianola. His wife, Jane Hallam, survived his death many years but is recently deceased and now sleeps by his side. The life of David Hallam is a chapter in the history of the early years of Iowa; it is meet that some record of his eventful career be preserved.

O. P. Hamilton, who for a number of years was identified with the edu­cational interests of Warren County, is now the owner of a well improved farm of one hundred and twenty acres, situated on section 19, White Breast Township, where he is carrying on general agricultural pursuits and stock-raising. He was born in this township, May 19, 1868, a son of Silas and Nancy Jane (Lewin) Hamilton. The former was born in the Buckeye state in 1822 and came to Iowa in 1840, at which time be located in Burlington. He was there married to Miss Nancy Jane Lewin, who was born in Indiana in 1828, a daughter of Squire Lewin, who removed to Burlington in 1834 and there assisted in the erection of the first house in the town. He removed to Clarke County, Iowa, in 1854, while in 1865 he made his way to Warren County, locating on a farm near Lacona in White Breast Township. There he reared his family and died on his farm in 1896. His wife still survives and has now reached the age of eighty years, being one of the few remaining old settlers of this district.
O. P. Hamilton was reared on his father's farm and began his education in the public schools of Lacona, while later he pursued a course of study in Simpson College, at Indianola. Following the completion of his education in the latter institution he engaged in teaching in the public and graded schools, following that vocation for twelve consecutive years. He then established a home of his own by his marriage in Indianola, December 24, 1897, to Miss Nettie Barker, a daughter of J. H. Barker, of that city. Mrs. Hamilton was born in Wapello County, Iowa, but was reared and educated in Warren County.
Following his marriage Mr. Hamilton located on a farm in Liberty Township, whereon he made his home for a few years, and then took up his abode on a farm in White Breast Township, while in 1907 he purchased  his present tract, comprising one hundred and twenty acres, situated on section 19, White Breast Township. He is here giving his time and attention to gen­eral agricultural pursuits and also raises and feeds stock. He is methodical in carrying on his business affairs and his excellent judgment and good man­agement constitute the basis of his success.
The marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Hamilton has been blessed with five chil­dren, of whom four survive, namely: Edna V., Clarence J., Mary and Inez Arabelle. Mr. Hamilton's study of the political questions and issues of the day has led him to give stalwart support to the democracy. He has served as a delegate to county conventions and for two years has acted as assessor of the township. He has also been identified with the school board for several years. He and his wife are members of the Methodist Episcopal Church, of which Mr. Hamilton is serving as a trustee. His fraternal relations are with the Ancient Order of United Workmen. His success has been by no means the result of fortunate circumstances. It has come to him through thrift, energy and economy, directed by an evenly balanced mind and by honorable business methods.

Professor William Ennis Hamilton, who for sixteen years has occupied the chair of philosophy in Simpson College at Indianola, was born at New Richmond, Ohio, October 9, 1845. His father, William Lyon Hamilton, was born in Ohio in 1817 and was of Scotch descent. In early life he began teach­ing school and was also identified with agricultural pursuits. For sixty years lie was a local minister of the Methodist Episcopal Church and his influence was always on the side of justice, truth and progress. He remained a resident of Ohio until 1856, when he came with his family to Iowa, settling in Henry County, where he purchased a tract of land and carried on general farming. His business affairs were carefully conducted and brought to him a gratify­ing measure of success. When age conferred upon him the right of franchise he became a supporter of the Whig party but when the Republican Party placed its first presidential candidate, John C. Fremont, in the field, he voted for the pathfinder and continued to support the Republican ticket until a few years prior to his death. Then believing that the temperance question was the paramount issue before the people, he voted the Prohibition ticket. At all times he stood loyally in defense of what he believed to be right and none questioned the sincerity of his purposes. He held local township offices but could not be said to be a politician in the sense of office-seeking. He married .Miss Eliza Ann Duncan, who was born in Maysville, Kentucky, in 1820 and came of Scotch and English ancestry. Her father, Ennis Duncan, was an orderly sergeant in the war of 1812. Like her husband, Mrs. Hamilton was a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church. She died on the 1st of May, 1905, and William Hamilton survived only until April, 1906.  Thus passed
away a worthy couple who were esteemed and honored by all who knew them.
Professor Hamilton of this review was the eldest in their family of seven children, four of whom lived to attain their majority. He was reared as a farm lad and attended the country schools. Ambitious for further education, however, he afterward became a student in the Iowa Wesleyan University at Mount Pleasant in 1863 and, pursuing the classical course, was graduated in 1867.
In that fall he came to Indianola and accepted the professorship of mathe­matics in Simpson College, where lie remained for a year. He next entered the Des Moines conference and in 1868 was assigned to the pastorate of the church at Onawa. There he continued for a year, was for two years at Harlan and for one year at Tabor. He likewise spent three years in Woodbine and a similar period at Fremont City prior to being assigned to the church at Guthrie Center. His pastorate at that place continued two years and also at Adel for two years, and for one year he was at Harlan.  In 1883 he returned to Simpson College, where for three years he was professor of mathematics and during the succeeding three years was president of Simpson College. In 1889 he left school to become pastor of the Methodist Church at Corning, Iowa where he continued for three years, and then returned to Indianola in 1892, since which time he has occupied the chair of philosophy in Simpson College.
On the 8th of February, 1866, Professor Hamilton was married to Miss Isabella Anderson, who was born near New London, Iowa, January 26, 1847. They had four children: William 0., now deceased; Ida B.. Theodosia, who is librarian at Simpson College; and Florence M.
When but eighteen years of age Professor Hamilton became a soldier of the Union army in the Civil War, enlisting in May, 1864, at Mount Pleasant as a member of Company H. Forty-fifth Iowa Volunteer Infantry. He was mustered out in October, 1864 at Keokuk. He has never sought to figure prominently in public affairs and in politics is independent. Both he and his wife are members of the Methodist Episcopal Church and since attaining his majority Professor Hamilton has done active and effective work for the in­tellectual and moral progress of those among whom his lot has been cast. The first movement to enlarge the facilities of Simpson College was made under his administration and largely through his efforts Science Hall was erected and dedicated. He is a capable instructor, imparting clearly and readily to  others the knowledge he has acquired and holds to high ideals in his professional work.

W. A. Hanby, who is one of the leading farmers and stock dealers of War­ren County, is a native of this state, having been born in Greenfield Township, April 18, 1866, the son of J. V. and Mary E. (Rhodes) Hanby. His paternal grandparents were Josiah and Elizabeth (Vance) Hanby, who removed from Pennsylvania to Iowa in 1848 and entered land from the government in War­ren County, when J. V. was but ten years of age. Here he was reared and educated among the scenes and environments of pioneer days, and here he wedded Mary E. Rhodes, a native of Edgar County, Illinois. Unto this union were born seven children, six daughters and one son, W. A., of this review. The mother died October 8, 1894, at the age of fifty-three years, and the father again married, his second wife being Mrs. Mary Holcomb, a widow, who is yet living, her residence being in Missouri. The father passed away Septem­ber 9, 1905, aged sixty-five years, having spent his life from the time he was ten years of age on the home place in Greenfield Township.
W. A. Hanby was reared in this county and received his education in the country schools, which afforded him a solid foundation upon which to build up the practical experiences which have led him to success. He has been partitularly fortunate in being freed from the restrictions of routine life, it being his privilege to form independent plans and pursue them to a successful issue even when but a youth. His father depended a great deal upon his aid and assistance and since 1884, when he was but eighteen years of age, he has been engaged in buying and selling live-stock, which occupation he pursues at the present time, buying and shipping about four carloads a week. He made his first investment in real estate in the purchase of an eighty-acre tract of land in Lincoln Township, two miles from Summerset, where he lived for three years. This he improved and later sold and bought his present place on sec­tion 30, Lincoln Township, consisting of one hundred and seventy-five acres, where he has lived since 1900. He also owns forty acres in the old home place in Greenfield Township. Mr. Hanby has his farm well fenced and well tiled and also has tiled the old home place. He has improved his house, rebuilt the barn and made such other improvements as have been necessary to further his business interests.
On December 25, 1896, was celebrated the marriage of W. A. Hanby and Miss Maud Pitman, a native of Warren County, and daughter of William Pit­man. Mrs. Hanby was engaged in school teaching for some years before her marriage. They have become the parents of two children, Frances and Lois.  In his political affiliations Mr. Hanby is a Republican. He has been a mem­ber of the township Republican committee and has been a delegate to the coun­ty conventions of his party. At local elections, however, he votes for the best men, regardless of party lines. Fraternally he is a member of the Modern Woodmen of America of Indianola, of which organization he was a charter member at Summerset.

William S. Harrod, a retired farmer of Norwalk, Iowa, was born in Scott County, Indiana, January 29, 1837, the son of Isaac and Sarah (McCreary) Harrod. Isaac Harrod was a native of Kentucky, but being opposed to slavery he removed to Indiana to get away from it. He was of Scotch-Irish descent and possessed all the force of character that is characteristic of this ancestry. He was a good marksman and a soldier in the war of 1812. He died in Indiana, September 20, 1855, aged sixty-six years. His wife. Sarah McCreary, was of Irish descent, and a native of Kentucky. She survived her husband by a number of years, passing away as did her husband, at the age of sixty-six years. They were the parents of nine children.
When a young man nearly twenty-one years of age, William S. Harrod accompanied his mother on a visit from Indiana to Des Moines, where lived a brother and two brother-in-laws who were in business there. He liked the place and there began working at the carpenter's trade for one of his brother-in-laws. He followed that trade in Des Moines for seven years, during which time he managed to accumulate considerable means. When a youth he had invested in Kansas land and at one time owned over one hundred acres in what is now Lyon County.
During the seven years spent at Des Moines he invested in two hundred and eighty acres of land in Greenfield Township, Warren County, where he lived for many years, and in addition to this pur­chased two hundred acres elsewhere in Iowa. He was fortunate in securing this land at a time when its valuation was low compared to the merits of its soil, and its consequent growth in value added materially to his pros­perity. A favorable opportunity presenting itself for its sale, he disposed of it some years ago and bought with a part of the proceeds a farm adjoining the village of Norwalk, which is now well worth one hundred and twenty-five dollars an acre. For eight years Mr. Harrod has lived in the village re­tired from the active work of the farm and the leisure thus afforded him has enabled him to look into the merits of various propositions which have been presented to him, many of which he has seen good reasons for rejecting, while in others he has seen a source of profitable investment. His most approved idea of an assured income is that of making loans on first mortgages, which he is enabled to do by reason of his early habits of thrift, industry and economy.
In February 1872, occurred the marriage of William S. Harrod and Miss Barbara Beery, a native of Ohio and daughter of David Beery, deceased, one of Warren County's early pioneers. Unto Mr. and Mrs. Harrod has been born one son, Irvin C. Harrod, who is married to Miss Emily Garow and is engaged in real-estate business in Des Moines.
Mrs. Harrod is a member of the Methodist Church. Mr. Harrod was formerly a member of the Christian Church. In politics he is a Republican and while in no sense of the word is he a politician, yet he takes an active interests in the questions and issues of the day, and in making his decisions in this, as in all other matters, that he is actuated by the highest principles of justice and integrity is doubted by none.

The firm of J. w. Harsh & Son, carpenters and contractors of New Virginia, has been prominently and successfully identified with the building interests of Warren County for many years. The senior member, John W. Harsh, was born in West Virginia, January 15, 1833, a son of John J. Harsh, likewise a native of that state. The latter drove across the country to Warren County, Iowa, in 1854 and took up a tract of government land west of the village, but later became a blacksmith, being one of the first followers of that vocation in Virginia township. His last days were spent in Clarke County, Iowa, at the home of his daughter, where he passed away at the age of eighty-eight years. His wife, who bore the maiden name of Sarah Woodring, was also born in West Virginia and accompanied her husband on his removal to Iowa. Her death occurred in Clarke County when she had attained the age of eighty-nine years. Of her family of eleven children seven survive, namely: J. W., of this review; Henry and Abraham, residents of Indianola, Iowa; Mrs. Elizabeth Kellen, of Squaw township; Mrs. Margaret E. Wolf, of Washington township; Mrs. Mary Ann Osgood, of Clarke County, Iowa, and Mrs. Ruth Ann Stark, of Oklahoma.
J. W. Harsh spent his boyhood days in the state of his nativity and acquired his education in the common schools. In 1855 he made his way to Missouri and on the 1st of January, 1856, came to Virginia Township, where he engaged in farming for a short time, and then became connected with the carpenter's trade. Hundreds of attractive structures throughout the surrounding country stand as monuments to his architectural skill and ability and he has erected more buildings than anyone else here. For a number of years he has been associated in business with his son, C. W., under the style of J. W. Harsh & Son, and they are well and favorably known throughout the county as men of excellent business ability and unfaltering integrity.
In Virginia township occurred the marriage of J. W. Harsh and Miss Mary Margaret Strock, a native of Pennsylvania and a sister of W. C. Strock, who is mentioned on another page of this volume. She has now attained the age of seventy-nine years and carefully reared five of her family of children. C. W., was born in New Virginia, obtained a public school education and learned the carpenter's trade under his father, with whom he has now been connected in business for many years. He wedded Miss Mary Kent, by whom he has one son, and they reside in a home which he erected and which is considered one of the finest dwellings in the village. Ida May, the wife of Jerry Brittan, makes her home in Minnesota. Daisy is the wife of John Stanchel, a real-estate dealer of New Virginia. Effie became the wife of J. C. Hackelby and lives in New Virginia. Winifred is the wife of G. W. Frazier, a blacksmith of New Virginia. Three children of Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Harsh died in infancy.
Mr. Harsh was originally a whig in his political affiliation but on the dissolution of that party became a republican and has always been an active worker in its local ranks. He was postmaster of New Virginia during the Civil war, serving under the administrations of Buchanan, Lincoln and Johnson. He has likewise acted as township clerk, township trustee and as a member of the school board, being recognized by his fellow townsmen as an efficient public official. Both he and his wife have been lifelong and faithful members of the Methodist Episcopal church, in the work of which they have been actively and helpfully interested. Though now past seventy-five years of age, he is still hale and hearty and is daily to be found attending to his business duties, displaying the enterprise and activity of a man of much younger years.

Ebenezer Williams Hartman has devoted many years of his life to public service and since April 1908, has served as mayor of Indianola. Opposed to anything like misrule in public affairs, his official record will bear the closest investigation and scrutiny, and while his administration may not be without mistakes, for who is free from them; it has on the whole been char­acterized by progress, reform and improvement, his official acts being at all times prompted by a desire to promote the public welfare.
Mr. Hartman is a native of Mansfield, Ohio, born January 24, 1834. His father, John D. Hartman, was born in Pennsylvania and comes of German an­cestry. Through his active career he followed farming and merchandising. After living for some time in Ohio, he came to Warren County, Iowa in 1846, and settled in Richland Township, where he entered a tract of land from the government and laid out the town of Hartford. His attention was divided between agricultural pursuits, milling and merchandising, his mill and store being located in Richland. He prospered in his undertakings by reason of his capable management and keen discernment and had accumulated a comfortable competence when in October 1878, he was called to his final rest, at the age of sixty-seven years. Of the Baptist church he was an active, influential and loyal member and he was equally faithful as a follower of the Odd Fellows society. His political views were in harmony with the principles of the Demo­cratic Party and he held several local offices. His wife, who in her maidenhood was Margaret Parker, was born in Pennsylvania in 1816, was also of German descent and died in 1898. They were the parents of six children, five of whom are living and one who died in infancy. The others are: Ebenezer W.; William H., who was a member of Company G, of the Thirtieth Iowa Infantry, in the Civil War and is now a merchant and farmer of Clarkson, Iowa; Sarah Jane, the deceased wife of T. J. Deacon, a farmer of Jasper County, Iowa; David H., who was a member of the Twelfth Missouri cavalry and is now a retired merchant living in Missouri; and Viana M., the wife of J. E. Deacon, of Napa, California.
Ebenezer W. Hartman remained upon the home farm until thirteen years of age and from that time until his marriage engaged in clerking in his father's store. Following his marriage he carried on merchandising on his own account until the spring of 1862, when he removed to Indianola. He was at that time deputy sheriff and changed his residence for the more convenient discharge of his official duties. During the greater part of his life he has been in public office, has served as justice of the peace and in the year 1869 was elected mayor of Indianola. For about fifteen years he filled the office of city clerk and certainly discharged his duties capably and promptly, else he would not have been retained in the position for so long a time. In March, 1907, he was again elected mayor and is now filling the office. He has also been known as a member of the Warren County bar. He read law with Lewis Todhunter, of Indianola, was admitted to practice in the Iowa courts in 1873, and then formed a partnership with his former preceptor, with whom he con­tinued until Mr. Todhunter retired. In his practice he has demonstrated his ability to bring to successful solution intricate problems of the law, preparing his cases with great thoroughness and presenting them with clearness and force. He has considerable landed interests in Warren County and from his judicious investments derives a gratifying income.
In December 1858, Mr. Hartman was married to Miss Celia McKinney, who was born in Highland County, Iowa, and died in 1863. Of their two chil­dren one died in infancy, while the other, Charles W., is now in the employ of the street railway company at Los Angeles, California. After losing his first wife, Mr. Hartman wedded Sarah McKee, of Indiana, and their children are: Estella, of Indianola; Ida, deceased ; and Harry H., who is clerk of the district court and an attorney of Fort Collins, Colorado. The present wife of Mr. Hartman was formerly Mrs. Anna R. Dale and is a native of West Virginia. Her son, H. M. Dale, is a successful physician of Los Angeles, California. Mr. Hartman is a member of the Baptist Church, while his wife holds membership in the Methodist Episcopal Church. For over a half century he has been con­nected with the Odd Fellows and has enjoyed all the honors the state lodge can confer. For six years he was a member of the Sovereign Grand lodge. In politics he has always been a stalwart Republican and it has been upon the ticket of this party that he has been again and again called to office, thus receiving the recognition and commendation of the public for his excellent qualities of citizenship and of administrative ability.

W. H. Hartman, a prominent pioneer of Warren County, and who is still engaged in mercantile and farming pursuits here, was born in Richland County, Ohio, March 25, 1835, his father being J. D. Hartman. The latter, who was also a native of Richland County, Ohio, was a farmer and miller by occupation, and was married in the Buckeye state to Miss Margaret Parker, who was born in Pennsylvania. The parents of our subject came to Warren county, Iowa, in 1846, laid out the town of Hartford and sold the first goods ever disposed of in that town. J. D. Hartman conducted his mercantile enterprise in a log house, and for many years was known as the veteran merchant of Hartford. He spent a few years prior to his death in California, and passed away in Indianola when sixty-seven years of age, his widow being called to her final rest when she had attained the age of eighty-one years. Their family numbered five children, three sons and two daughters.
W. H. Hartman was reared and educated in Hartford and subsequently was employed in his father's mill. Purchasing ninety acres of land west of Hartford, he grubbed out the timber and erected a house, developing a good farm property. At the time of the Civil War he enlisted in Company B, Thirty-fourth Regiment, which was organized at Hartford, Warren county, and participated in the battles of Vicksburg and Arkansas Post, but after seven months service was sent home on account of ill health. Disposing of his farm near Hartford, he bought an improved place of one hundred and twenty acres in Camp Township, Polk County, where he resided for two years. In 1868 he bought eighty acres of his present farm on section 1, Allen township, subsequently added forty acres and still later fifty acres more, while from time to time he has made additional purchases. He erected a good two-story residence and outbuildings, and fenced his fields, making the place a model farming property of the twentieth century. In addition to the work of the fields he also raises a fine grade of cattle, feeding mostly hogs; In 1883 he built a store in Clarkson, a quarter of a mile from his farm residence, and has since conducted mercantile pursuits here. He is a well known and honored pioneer of the county, whose success in business also entitles him to representation among its prosperous and progressive citizens.
On the 27th of December, 1860, Mr. Hartman was married to Miss Samtha Roberts and by this union were born seven children, as follows: Laura E., who died at the age of two years; Albert C., an agriculturist of Palmyra, who wedded Lily Miller, by whom he has three children; Lulu May, who is the wife of George Carty, and resides in the state of Nevada; Charles, who is on the home farm; Belle, at home, who for several years taught school in Des Moines and also in Indianola; Frank, who resides in Nevada; and Dora, at home.
Mr. Hartman gives his political allegiance to the republican party where national questions and issues are involved, but at local elections casts an independent ballot. He cast his first vote for Abraham Lincoln, and since that time has never filed to support the presidential nominee of the republican organization. He continuously served as postmaster at Clarkson for twenty-six years and never had an inspection during the entire period. He likewise served as road supervisor, and for several terms was trustee, while for a number of years he was a member of the school board. He has also been a delegate to several county conventions and has taken an active and helpful part in local politics, his aid and influence ever being given on the side of right, truth and progress. He still maintains pleasant relations with his old army comrades through his membership in the Grand Army of the Republic at Carlisle, and both he and his wife are identified with the Baptist church of Hartford. A resident of this county for sixty-two years, he witnesses the building of Des Moines and Indianola, and in the early '50s carried mail from Hartford to Indianola. He is one of the few remaining veterans of the civil war, and is widely known and highly esteemed as one of the oldest living pioneers in Warren county.

W. A. Hastie, a prosperous farmer and stock-raiser residing on section 26, Greenfield Township, is indebted to his habits of thrift, sobriety and in­dustry for the success he has attained in life. He was born on the farm where he now resides April 25, 1865, the son of Thomas and Jane (Cowie) Hastie, both of whom were natives of Scotland, where they were married in 1850 or 1851 and came on a wedding trip to America. They settled in this county, where the father entered land from the government on section 1, Greenfield Township, which tract they later disposed of and purchased seventy acres on section 26, which is now the home place of our subject. The mother died on May 3, 1865, leaving six children, and the father did not survive her many years, passing away on May 8, 1871, aged forty-five years.
W. A. Hastie was but eight days old at the time of his mother's death and was taken by an uncle, William Martin and his wife, who had no children of their own, and was reared to manhood. He received his early education in the district school and followed this by a course in the Iowa Business Col­lege of Des Moines. His uncle occupied the farm adjoining the one which his father had owned throughout his life time, and it was there that he died in August, 1902, aged seventy-three years. His place is now a part of our subject's present farm.
On the 20th of March, 1889, W. A. Hastie was united in marriage to Miss Louise Loper, a daughter of William Loper, of Indianola. Mr. Hastie then built a good house upon his farm, which consisted of the original seventy acres owned by his father beside twenty acres which was purchased by the guardian of the estate after the father's death. He has added to his property a thirty acre tract, also another of forty acres and eight acres of timber land on the bottom, purchased from the other heirs. Besides this he received eighty acres of land from his uncle, Mr. Martin, so that he now has an ideal stock and grain farm of two hundred and forty acres. Upon his place he has erected a good barn and other outbuildings, and in connection with general farming is also engaged in stock-raising, feeding about a carload of cattle each year and one or two carloads of hogs.
Unto Mr. and Mrs. Hastie have been born four children: Wilhma and Helen, who are attending the Indianola high school; Herbert, who is in the sixth grade, and Mabel Bernice, not yet two years of age.  The cause of education has ever found in Mr. Hastie a warm champion, and while he has neither sought nor cared for the emoluments of public office, still his services have been freely given as a member of the school board. In national affairs his political allegiance is given to the Democratic Party, but in local matters he votes independently according to his estimate of the personal ability of the competing candidates. He is a delegate to the county conventions and tries to see that the right man is nominated upon his party ticket, but failing in this he casts his vote according to his honest con­victions as to what is best for the interests of the community at large. Mr. Hastie and his estimable wife are members of the Methodist Church of Sum­merset, where he has served on the official board.

W. C. Hastie, who has resided on his present farm on section 19, Allen township, since 1887, and dates his residence in this county and township since 1856, was born at Bath, New York, December 18, 1854. He is of Scotch ancestry in both the paternal and maternal line, his parents having been born in Scotland, whence they came to America shortly after their marriage and settled in Albany, New York. He remained here about one year, and in 1856 he came to Warren County and was among the early settlers of Scotch Ridge. He rented for a number of years, but eventually bought an eighty acre tract on which he spent the remainder of his days. He passed away in 1904, aged eighty years. His wife is still living, being now past eighty years of age. They were the parents of ten children, five sons and five daughters, all of whom are yet living.
In this township our subject passed the days of his boyhood and youth, receiving his education in the district schools. He remained at home with his parents and aided his father in the responsibilities of the place until he was thirty-three years of age, when he married on March 24, 1887, Miss Lizzie Utterson, daughter of John Utterson and a native of Wellsville, Ohio, who was reared in this county. A sketch of Mr. Utterson's life appears elsewhere in this issue. Following his marriage, Mr. Hastie rented the place on which he now lives and engaged in farming in his own behalf. That he prospered is evi­denced by the fact that after seven years occupancy of the farm he was able to purchase it and it has since remained in his possession. Since secur­ing the title to the place he has built an addition to the house, has constructed the necessary barns and outbuildings, and planted an orchard and put up fencing, and altogether transformed it into a modern, comfortable home. In addition to general farming he is also engaged in stock-raising.
In affairs of national import Mr. Hastie gives his political support to the Republican Party. Locally, he supports the men and measures that he deems most worthy of support. He has ever taken an active interest in edu­cational matters and has served as secretary of the school board for several years. He has been the local correspondent of various county papers for the past thirty years, being a contributor to Wallace's Farmer, a publication de­voted to farming interests. He and his estimable wife are members of the United Presbyterian Church, of which organization Mr. Hastie is an elder and for two years was the efficient superintendent of the Sunday school, a position which Mrs. Hastie is filling at the present time and which she has filled most creditably in previous years.  Mr. Hastie deserves great credit for the success he has achieved in life, for it is entirely due to his industry, perseverance and good management.

Dr. G. E. Hatfield, who since 1892 has been engaged in the practice of medicine and surgery in Lacona, has gained a large and lucrative patronage during these years. He is a native of Oregon, Holt County, Missouri, born April 21, 1868, a son of Rev. J. L. and Helen M. (Carpenter) Hatfield. The father is a native of the Buckeye state, where he was reared, acquiring his education in the Ohio State University, while later he was ordained to the ministry of the Methodist Episcopal Church. He was first identified with the Missouri conference, being located at Oregon, that state and later was pastor of the churches at Trenton and at Chillicothe, Missouri. Later he was elected to a chair in the Ohio State University and for fourteen years was a noted educator in that institution of learning but resigned and removed to Indianola, where he now makes his home. His sketch appears elsewhere in this volume. Mrs. Hatfield is the daughter of Dr. E. G. Carpenter, a noted physician and surgeon of the Buckeye state.
Dr. G. E. Hatfield accompanied his parents on their various removals and was mostly reared and educated in Indianola, he entered Simpson College, where he spent four years. Deciding upon the profession of medicine as a life work he then began to study under Dr. L. Baker, a prominent physician and surgeon of that place and later took a course of lectures in the State University. He then spent three years in Rush Medical College, at Chicago, Illinois, being graduated from that institution in the class of 1892. During the periods of vacation he practiced with his preceptor, Dr. Baker, and after completing his course located for practice in Lacona., where he has been located ever since. He is meeting with excellent success, his services being sought not only in the city but also in the surrounding districts.
Dr. Hatfield was married in 1896 to Miss Olive Snuggs, a native of Iowa, who was born and reared in Warren County, where she was engaged in teach­ing prior to her marriage.
The Doctor and his wife are members of the Methodist Episcopal Church and are workers in the church and Sunday school. In his fraternal rela­tions he is identified with the blue lodge at Lacona, in which he attained the degree of Master Mason, and has served as master of the lodge at Lacona three times during the last fifteen years, while both he and his wife are mem­bers of the Eastern Star, in which the latter has served through all the chairs. In the strict path of his profession the Doctor is identified with the State Medical and the Des Moines Valley Medical Societies. His political allegiance is given to the Republican Party. He has served as health officer of Lacona for the past fifteen years. The Doctor is well known throughout Warren County and stands high in the estimation of his professional brethren, while in the social circles of La­cona both he and his wife are prominent.

Rev. John L. Hatfield, who is now holding superannuated relations in the Methodist Episcopal ministry and is associated with the agricultural interests of Warren County, where he has made his home since 1882, was born in Mc­Arthur, Ohio, November 13, 1838. His father,  Isaac Hatfield, was a native of Virginia, born in October 1799, and was of English ancestry. He was a farmer who, removing to Ohio, became one of the early settlers of that state. He took up his abode there in his childhood days and later was closely asso­ciated with the pioneer development and lived the life of a hard-working, industrious man, whose labors proved an element in the agricultural progress of this portion of the state. He voted with the democracy up to the time of his death, which occurred in Ohio in February 1842. His wife bore the maiden name of Mary Clark and was born in Virginia, October 3, 1803. She was of Scotch lineage and went with her parents to Ohio in early childhood, her father being one of the early pioneers there. He was descended from Revolutionary stock and served as a sergeant under General Harrison in the war of 1812. Mrs. Hatfield attained a remarkable old age, passing away in 1898.
John L. Hatfield was the youngest in a family of seven children and was reared amid pioneer scenes and environments, working on the farm in his early boyhood and attending the district schools as he found opportunity. At the ageof eighteen he became a student in the Ohio University and was graduated in 1862.  On the breaking out of the CivilWar he enlisted as a private in Company B, Ninetieth Ohio Volunteer Infantry, on August 4, 1862, and served for two years, attaining the rank of first lieutenant. He participated in the various campaigns of the Army of the Cumberland under the command of Generals Rosecrans and Thomas. He was in Cruft's brigade of Palmer's division until after the battles of Chickamauga and Missionary Ridge and afterward in D. S. Stanley's division.
After his military service Mr. Hatfield engaged in teaching for a time in McArthur, Ohio, and in Little Rock, Arkansas, and in preaching in Mis­souri. From there he moved to Athens, Ohio, where he served as professor of Latin language and literature in the Ohio University for twelve years. Failing in health, he removed to Warren County, Iowa, in 1882.
In 1867 occurred the marriage of the Rev. John L. Hatfield and Miss Helen M. Carpenter, who was born in Athens, Ohio, January 20, 1841, and died in 1906. There were five children in their family, of whom one passed away in infancy. The others are: George E., a physician, practicing in Lacona, Iowa; Edward T., an  attorney and dealer in real estate in Chicago; Lena, a physician, who is doing missionary work in connection with her profession in Foo Chow, China; and Florence, the wife of Samuel W. Stanley, of Gardena, California. Mr. Hatfield also has three grandchildren.
He holds superannuated relations to the church in connection with the Ohio conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church. He has been zealous and earnest in the church work and is interested in all that pertains to the moral development of the community. Fraternally be is connected with the Ancient Order of United Workmen and his political faith is manifest in the stalwart support which he gives to the Republican Party at the poles.

George W. Heiny has now traveled beyond the eightieth milestone on life's journey and yet he is still an active factor in business circles, having since 1885 been a representative of insurance interests in Indianola. He was previously connected with the live-stock business and in fact his entire ca­reer has been characterized by diligence and perseverance. He was born in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, January 16, 1828, and is the fourth in a family of seven children, whose parents were Jacob and Catherine (Gall) Heiny. Both were natives of the Keystone state. As the name indicates, the family is of German lineage, and its early identification with American interests is indi­cated by the fact that some of its members were soldiers of the Revolutionary War. Jacob Heiny became proprietor of a hotel at Lancaster, Pennsylvania, and after his removal westward to Ohio settled upon a farm in Carroll County. Later he removed to Wayne County, Ohio, and afterward to Hamilton County, Indiana, where the residue of his days was passed. In the careful conduct of the work of the fields he managed to acquire a comfortable competence and was numbered among the stalwart residents of his community. In politics he was a democrat, and in religious faith a Dunkard, while his wife belonged to the Jacob church. She, too, was of German descent. The death of Jacob Heiny occurred in 1853, while Mrs. Heiny departed this life at the advanced ageof eighty-three years.
A common-school education was granted George W. Heiny in his boyhood and he was trained to habits of industry, integrity and diligence upon the home farm, where he remained until twenty-one years of age. He afterward engaged in selling clocks for five years, and later embarked in business on his own ac­count. In the early '40's [1840s], he removed to Hamilton County, Indiana, with his parents, and was there united in marriage to Miss Mary Ann Davison, who was born in Highland County, Ohio. Following his marriage he came to Warren County, Iowa, in 1855, settling in Union Township. Here he engaged in the sale of clocks and lightning rods and gradually worked into a mercantile business, conducting a store at Sandyville for sixteen years. He then sold out and be­came a buyer and shipper of live stock. While thus engaged he lived on a farm in Union Township for several years, taking up his abode there in 1873. In 1885 he removed from the farm to Indianola, where he established an insurance office, and has since been a representative of several old and well known com­panies. Few men of his years are yet active in business, but Mr. Heiny has always led a busy life and his continued connection with business circles indicates his diligence and determination, which have always been among his strongly marked characteristics.
In 1872 Mr. Heiny was called upon to mourn the loss of his wife, who died at the age of fifty-two years. By their marriage they had seven children: William A., president of the Sandyville Bank, of Sandyville; Benjamin F., who is cashier of the Citizens Bank at Pleasantville, this state; Eli, engaged in dry-goods business at Sandyville, and also cashier of the Farmers Bank of that town; Thomas, who was engaged in the dry-goods business in Knoxville, Iowa, and is now a broker of Oklahoma City, Oklahoma; Charles H., who is a farmer and stockman of Runnells, Iowa; Elizabeth Melsena, the wife of Emer­son Gilbert, who is a stockman and also manager of the Benjamin Heiny farm near Sandyville; and Lydia A., the wife of William Lookenbill, a farmer of Nebraska. After losing his first wife Mr. Heiny was again married, his second union being with Miss Rebecca E. Burch, in 1884. She was born in Indiana, and by this marriage has become the mother of two children: Nellie Grace, who is engaged in teaching school, and is also a teacher of music, and makes her home with her parents; and George W., who is in the employ of the Boone County Telephone Company, at Ames. Mr. Heiny now has altogether eight grandchildren and two great-grandchildren.
In matters of citizenship he has always been interested to the extent of giving his active support to measures for the public good. He votes with the Democratic Party and has held some township offices. He became a charter member of the Odd Fellows lodge at Sandyville, and in former years was identified with the Masons. Though the snows of many winters have whitened his hair, he yet possesses notable energy and activity and keeps in touch with the spirit of the times and with the country in its various lines of development. He has lived to see remarkable changes in Warren County, for when he came here it was largely a pioneer district, its lands wild and uncultivated, its forests uncut and its streams unbridged. All this has changed as the work of improve­ment and civilization has been carried forward until the county takes rank with the older counties of the great state. Mr. Heiny's memory forms a connecting link between the primitive past and the progressive present, and he relates many interesting stories of the early days.

The agricultural interests of Lincoln Township have a worthy representative in S. C. Hemphill, whose home is on section 31. He was born in Montgomery County, Indiana, on the 8th of February, 1834, and is a son of Newton and Mary (Irvin) Hemphill, natives of North Carolina, where they were reared and married and where two children were born to them ere their removal to the Hoosier state. They located in Montgomery county and there spent the remainder of their lives. By occupation the father was a distiller. In the family were three sons and three daughters but only two are now living: S. C., of this review, and Mrs. Margaret Hoover, a widow, residing in Indiana.
During his boyhood and youth S. C Hemphill attended the public schools near his home and he also acquired an excellent knowledge of farm work as he aided in the improvement and cultivation of the home place. He remained under the parental roof until coming to Iowa in 1855. He first located in Hamilton county, where he engaged in farming for about five years, and in 1867 came to Warren county, where he has since made his home. His first purchase consisted of one hundred and fifty-eight acres of land in Lincoln township, which he commenced to improve and cultivate, erecting thereon a good residence substantial barns and other outbuildings for the shelter of grain and stock. As time passed and he prospered in his undertakings he added to his property until he had two hundred and sixty-five acres of land, and now has three sets of farm buildings upon his land. Stock-raising has also claimed much of his attention and he has met with excellent success in all that he has undertaken.
In 1863 Mr. Hemphill was united in marriage to Miss Margaret Hill, who was born in Virginia but spent her girlhood in Iowa. To them have been born four children who are still living, namely: Jane, the wife of William Stewart, a farmer living near Milo, by whom she has two children, Ethel and Lena; James F., a merchant of Summerset, Iowa, who is married and has one son, Keith; Leonard I., on the home farm, who is married and has four children, Elsie, Don, Ray and Virgil; and Ina, who is at home with her parents. They also lost three daughters: Eveline, who died at about the age of twelve years; and Ida and Allie, who died in early childhood.
Since casting his first presidential vote for James Buchanan, Mr. Hemphill has never wavered in his allegiance to the democratic party, but he has never cared for political positions. For forty years he served as school treasurer in his district and now his son Leonard J. fills that office. An upright, honorable life has gained for him many friends throughout Warren county, and wherever known he is held in the highest regard.

John Hancock Henderson, whose life record constitutes an important chapter in the history of the bench and bar of Warren County, is now practicing at Indianola with an extensive and distinctively representative clientage. He was born September 1848, at Ackworth, this county, the place being then known as the South River Monthly Meeting. His father, was Paris P. Henderson [whose biography is also listed].
Warren County was largely a pioneer district during the early boyhood days of John Hancock Henderson, who in his youth attended the public schools but later enjoyed the advantage that came through instruction in the old seminary and in Simpson College of Indianola. After putting aside his textbooks, he entered the real-estate business when nineteen years of age and his leisure hours during that period were given to the study of law. He was admitted to the bar January 12, 1870, and located for practice in Indianola, where he has since remained. In November, 1885, he was elected circuit judge to fill a vacancy and served until the first of January 1887, when the circuit courts were abolished. In the previous year, 1886, he was elected judge of the fifth judicial district for a term of four years and was elected in January, 1890, and again in 1894. During his third term he resigned and retired from the bench on the first of January 1897. Few lawyers have made a more lasting impression upon the bar of the state, both for legal ability of a high order and for the individuality of a personal character which impresses itself upon a community. Of a family conspicuous for strong intellects, indomitable courage and energy, he entered upon his professional career, and such as has been the force of his character and his natural qualifications that he has over­come all obstacles and written his name upon the keystone of the legal arch of Iowa. Voluntarily relinquishing his place upon the bench to enter upon the more remunerative field of private practice, he is now numbered among the distinguished lawyers of the Indianola bar. He formed a partnership with ex-Senator W. H. Barry early in his professional career, the relation continuing from the first of September 1873, until Judge Henderson's elevation to the bench. On the resumption of private practice, he again became a partner of Mr. Barry and the association was maintained until the first of August 1901. Judge Henderson then admitted his son, Frank P. Henderson, to a partnership, and the firm of Henderson & Henderson ranks today as one of the most distinguished in this section of the state.
On the 8th of October, 1868, occurred the marriage of Judge Henderson and Miss Nannie J. Spray, of Indianola, a daughter of John and Margaret Spray, who lived at Spray's Mills. They became the parents of five children, but one is now deceased. The others are: Edgar Brenton, a practicing physi­cian at Marengo, Iowa; Frank P., associated in practice with his father; Inez S., the wife of Clyde D. Proudfoot, assistant cashier of the Worth Savings Bank; and Dwight F., an electrical engineer at Spokane, Washington. The wife and mother died February 10, 1902, at the age of fifty-one years, and on the 20th of June 1905, Judge Henderson wedded Hattie E. Spray, a sister of his first wife. He now has three grandchildren: Brenton B., Harriett and John H.
Judge Henderson belongs to the Masonic fraternity, having taken the degrees of the chapter, the commandery and the Mystic Shrine. He is likewise a member of the Ancient Order of United Workmen and is a prominent Odd Fellow. He entered the grand lodge of Iowa in 1896 and was grand master of the Odd Fellows in 1907. He has at different times been representative to a number of the grand lodges. His interest in community affairs has been manifest in many tangible ways, resulting beneficially to his city and county. In 1869, before he was twenty-one years of age, he was appointed secretary of the board of trustees of Simpson College and has so continued to the present time, while since 1870 he has been a member of the executive committee of the board. He is a lifelong Republican and has frequently been a delegate to party conventions and in 1904 was a delegate to the national convention. He belongs to the Old Settlers' Association of the county and to the Methodist Episcopal Church, of which he is a trustee. In professional lines he is con­nected with the Iowa State Bar Association and that he is recognized throughout the state as one of its most prominent members, is indicated by the fact that he was chosen its vice president in 1896, its president in 1897 and its delegate to the American Bar Association in 1898. In 1902 he was appointed by the supreme court of Iowa a member of the board of state law examiners and served for four years. He is now the oldest inhabitant of Indianola and was the first male, child born in the county as originally organized. His life has been one of untiring activity and of worth. Devotedly attached to his profession, systematic and methodical in habit, sober and discrete in judgment, diligent in research, conscientious in the discharge of every duty, courteous and kind in demeanor and inflexibility, just on all occasions, these qualities enabled him to take his rank among the representatives of judicial office in the state and made him the conservator of that justice wherein is the safeguard of individual liberty and happiness and the defense of our national institutions. His reported opinions are evidence of the profound legal learn­ing and superior ability, while in the practice of law he has maintained equally high rank as counselor and advocate.

Paris P. Henderson, was a native of Union County, Indiana, his birth there occurring on the 3d of January 1825, while his life record covered the intervening years to the 4th of January 1908. He was of Scotch-Irish lineage, his father being Thomas Hen­derson, who removed from North Carolina to Kentucky and thence to Indiana. Paris P. Henderson in early life became a tanner and shoemaker and in October 1847, he removed to Iowa, settling in Ackworth, Warren County, where he entered a tract of land. He continued to work at the bench as a shoemaker, however, until 1848, when he was appointed organizing sheriff of the county by Judge Olney and assisted in establishing the county, laying its boundaries and formulating its policy. On the first of January, 1849, he was elected the first sheriff of the county and served until 1851. During the same period he was commissioned as clerk until the office was abolished. On the 11th of June 1850, he removed to Indianola and the following year was elected county judge, occupying the bench until 1859, when he was chosen to represent his district in the state senate. He served in the regular session of 1860 and during part of the special session of 1861, but ere its close he resigned and raised a company of volunteers for service in the Union army, being mustered in as captain of Company G, Tenth Iowa Infantry, at Iowa City in August, 1861. In 1863 he was promoted to the rank of lieutenant colonel and in July of that year was commissioned colonel. His military service was of a varied character and entailed many hard experiences. He was with Sherman on the cele­brated march to the sea and when he arrived at Savannah, Georgia, his term of enlistment having expired, he was honorably discharged on the 23d of December, 1864.
Colonel Henderson then returned to his home in Iowa and in 1865 was elected treasurer of Warren County, which position he continued to fill until January, 1874. He was afterward mayor of Indianola for twelve years, has been justice of the peace and has frequently done service on the educational board, while in early years he was a member of the board of trustees of Simpson College. His public service was characterized by the utmost fidelity to duty, arising from a comprehensive understanding of the public needs and unfalter­ing loyalty in citizenship. He left the impress of his individuality for good upon the history of Warren County and the state. In fact, its annals would be incomplete without extended mention of him whose record was alike a credit and honor to the state which honored him. Fraternally he was connected with the Masons, the Odd Fellows and the Grand Army of the Republic, and his religious faith was indicated by his membership in the Methodist Episcopal Church. His political allegiance was given to the free soil democrats but when the extension of slavery became the dominant issue before the people and the Republican Party was formed to prevent carrying slavery into the northern states, he joined its ranks and remained ever afterward one of its stalwart champions. His position on any question of importance was never an equivocal one. He stood fearlessly in defense of what he believed to be right and nothing could swerve him from a course which his judgment sanctioned as the correct one.
In early manhood Judge Paris P. Henderson wedded Martha P. Haworth, who was born at Todds Fork, Clinton County, Ohio, in 1839 and died in 1866. She was of English lineage, her ancestors coming to this country with William Penn. The founder of the family in America was George Haworth. Unto Mr. and Mrs. Henderson were born six children, four of whom passed away in infancy.  One surviving son is John Hancock Henderson [whose biography is also in this book] and his junior brother is Alfred M. Henderson, who is now engaged in the real-estate business in Marengo, Iowa, and is mayor of that city.

Joseph Hendrickson, who is now living retired on his farm of one hundred and forty acres on section 27, Liberty Township, was born in Warren County, Ohio, February 26, 1830, his parents being Brazilla and Jane (Van Tilburg) Hendrickson, the former a native of NewJersey, while the latter's birth occurred in Warren County, Ohio in 1811. When but an infant the father was brought by his parents to Warren County, Ohio and spent his entire life in the Buckeye state, his occupation being that of an agriculturist. He resided in Preble County for six years and subsequently removed to Darke County, Ohio, where he passed away in 1881 at the age of seventy-three years. He was a member of the New Light church, with which his wife was also identified. The latter was of German descent and was one of a large family.  Her demise occurred in Darke County, Ohio, in the year 1884. Unto Mr. and Mrs. Brazilla Hendrickson were born six children, only two of whom survive, the sister of our subject being Mrs. Mary Jane Downey, of Darke County, Ohio.
Joseph Hendrickson was brought to Preble County, Ohio, by his parents when six years of age, but some six years later the family home was estab­lished in Darke County, Ohio, where our subject remained until his removal to Warren County, Iowa. From the age of twelve years he was largely reared in Darke County and attended the subscription schools for about three months during the winter season, the pioneer district affording but limited educational advantages. In the school of experience, however, he has learned many valuable lessons and through reading and observation has become a well informed man. In November 1855, he came to this county and was married, but after a few days returned to Darke County, Ohio. In March, 1857, however, he once more started for Warren County, arriving here on the 17th of April, 1857, and locating on the farm which has been his home to the present time and which was entered by his father-in-law, George Crumrine, in 1854. Mr. Hendrickson had but little capital to aid him in improving the place but he resolutely set to work and as the years passed transformed the wild tract into a finely improved farm. He has a commodious and substantial home surrounded by fruit and shade trees, all of which he set out himself, there being no timber on the property when he took possession of it. In those early days the settlers took their wool to Des Moines to be carded, that place being the nearest trading and milling point. Mr. Hendrickson shelled a load of corn on a spade and hauled it to Ottumwa, and also hauled lumber from that town. He made several trips to Eddyville and Ottumwa, experiencing the various hardships and trials incident to pioneer life. As the years passed, however, he gained a gratifying measure of prosperity through the careful management of his agricultural interests and is now enabled to spend the evening of his days in well earned ease.
On the 29th of November, 1855, Mr. Hendrickson was united in marriage to Miss Delilah Crumrine, who was born in Darke County, Ohio, in 1839, a daughter of George and Rachel (Potter) Crumrine. The father, a native of Ohio, came to Warren County, Iowa, in 1854, entering three quarter sections of land in Liberty Township and likewise another forty-acre tract. Having brought considerable money with him, he also purchased one eighty-acre tract and four forty-acre tracts of land. He was one of the most prominent and respected pioneers of this county, and the large measure of success which he achieved enabled him to provide well for his children. Joseph Hendrickson and Mr. Davis are the only ones who still reside on the land he gave to his daughters. George Crumrine made his home in this county for many years, also spent some years in Kansas and subsequently removed to Texas, where his death occurred. He lost his wife and one child in 1854 but about three years later was again married, his second wife passing away in this county.
Unto  Joseph and Delilah (Crumrine) Hendrickson were born eight chil­dren, four of whom still survive, namely: George, who is now farming near Morgan Valley, though for twenty years he engaged in digging coal, is married and has several children; Mrs. Sarah Kerns, of Liberty Township; John C., who resides in Minnesota; and Letha, the wife of Joseph Hiatt, of Indianola. The four members of the family who are deceased are as follows: Lydia Jane, who was the wife of James Cooper; Phoebe, who married Nathan Keeney; Melzina, who passed away at the age of seven years; and Viola, who died when eighteen months old. The mother of these children was called to her final rest in 1884, her remains being interred in Hendrickson cemetery.
In 1886 Mr. Hendrickson was again married, his second union being with Julia A. W. Zeck, who was born in Pennsylvania, March 1, 1859. She removed to Washington County, Iowa, in an early day and later came to Warren County. She passed away October 16, 1905, leaving one son, Joseph L., who is employed as stenographer by the J. H. Cownie Glove Company of Des Moines. On the 15th of April, 1908, Mr. Hendrickson was joined in wedlock to Mrs. Margaret Loan, who was born in Macon County, Illinois, in September, 1846, a daughter of Lewis and Rachel (Hunter) Freeman. In 1865, at Iowa City, Iowa, she became the wife of James K. Loan, whose death occurred in Lucas County, Iowa, in October, 1897, when he was fifty-two years of age. Unto James K. and Margaret (Freeman) Loan were born six children, namely: Rosa, the wife of Rolla Smith, of Fairmont, Missouri; Alice, who died when twenty-seven years of age; Thomas, a resident of Clarinda, whose first wife, Rosa Graves, is now deceased and who has married again; Nellie, the wife of John Martin, living near Oakley, Iowa; Mary, who died in infancy; and Cora, the wife of Samuel Haw, who makes her home near Chariton, Iowa. Joseph Hendrickson now has eight great-grandchildren. In his political views Mr. Henderson is a Democrat, giving stalwart support to the men and measures of the party. He became a member of the New Light church in 1856, while his wife was formerly a Baptist. For more than a half century he has now been identified with the agricultural interests of this county and is widely recognized as a citizen of worth and value, whose support can ever be counted upon in furthering any movement or measure for the general welfare. Though past the seventy-eighth milestone on life's journey, he is still alert and active and has the appearance of a man of much younger years.

D. E. Henry, although one of the most recent arrivals in Warren County, has won for himself a place among the representative citizens. He has made his home here since 1902 and is today the owner of an excellent farm of three hundred and twenty acres on section 5, Palmyra Township. The tract is well improved, giving every evidence of the progressive ideas that now find favor with the successful agriculturist.
Mr. Henry was born in Bloomington, McLean County, Illinois, July 1I, 1857. His father, W. E. Henry, was a native of Butler County, Ohio, and in early life learned the cabinetmaker's trade. He afterward became a farmer and lived a life of intense and well directed activity. With his parents he removed to Illinois, the family home being established at Twin Grove, McLean County, where they were pioneer settlers. W. E. Henry was married there to Miss Mary Snell, a native of Delaware, Ohio. He took up the occupation of farming, broke the sod and tilled a tract of land in McLean County which is still in possession of the family, as is also the government deed which was signed by President Fillmore. There Mr. Henry carried on general agricul­tural pursuits for many years or until his death which occurred August 20, 1895, when he was seventy-six years of age. His wife survived him for a brief period and passed away February 22, 1898, at the age of seventy-five years. They were the parents of twelve children, eight sons and four daugh­ters.
D. E. Henry was the second in order of birth and was reared upon the home farm. He had the benefit of instruction in the Wesleyan University at Bloomington and his sister was the first girl graduate of that school. Mr. Henry had as a teacher, L. H. Kerrick, who won the first prize for black cattle in Chicago. On the completion of his education he returned to the home farm where he remained until twenty-three years of age, when he took up the work of railroad bridge building. He followed that for two years and was then married and established a home of his own.
It was on the 22d of November, 1882, that Mr. Henry wedded Miss Eliza­beth Fantz, a native of Pennsylvania and a daughter of Francis Fantz, who on leaving his native land of Germany became a resident of the Keystone state, but afterward removed to Illinois. At the time of his marriage Mr. Henry rented a farm which he cultivated for seven years. In the meantime his untir­ing industry and his careful expenditure brought to him capital that enabled him to purchase eighty acres of land in Colfax, Illinois. This he partially improved, residing thereon for five years, after which he removed to Polk County, Iowa, in 1896. He then rented land for a year, after which he joined a brother at Monroe, Jasper County, Iowa. He then purchased eight hundred and thirty-four acres of land in one body, built a house thereon and made the place his home for three years. On the expiration of that period he sold the property after which he engaged in cultivating a rented farm for three years. He next came to Warren County and bought three hundred and twenty acres of valuable and improved land, since which time he has given his atten­tion and energies to its further development and improvement. It is now a fine farm property, supplied with all modern conveniences and accessories. Here he raises thoroughbred shorthorn cattle and Poland China hogs, raising and feeding from two to three carloads per year. While in Jasper County he was extensively engaged in feeding stock. He also raises Shire horses and keeps a stallion and is a breeder of good horses. His father had the reputation of raising the best horses in McLean County, Illinois, so that Mr. Henry has been more or less familiar with the business from early life. His stock-raising claims much of his attention at the present time and is to him a profitable source of income.
Unto Mr. and Mrs. Henry have been born six children: William D., Otis W., Royal R., Arthur, Maud and Charles, all of whom are living upon the home farm.  Mr. Henry is a lifelong Republican, giving stalwart support to the party where state and national issues are involved, although at local elections he votes independently. He attends the Methodist Episcopal Church and is a supporter of every interest that he believes will promote the welfare of the community. Although he started out in life empty-handed, he is now in possession of a handsome property which has come to him as the reward of earnest and persistent effort. In his farm work he is known as a most pro­gressive farmer for he follows methods which are thoroughly up to date and which bring the best results. He displays sound judgment in all of, his business affairs and is counted a valuable addition to the citizenship of Warren County.

Among the representative citizens of Indianola are numbered 0. H. and J. A. Henry, who constitute the firm of Henry Brothers. They have re­sided in the city since 1905 and they own and conduct a large stock and grain farm three miles east of Indianola, on which they resided for forty years. They are therefore numbered among the early settlers of the county and have been interested witnesses of its development and progress while in many ways they have cooperated in movements that have resulted beneficially to the county.
Both are natives of Crawford County, Pennsylvania, the former having been born there February 4, 1842, while J. A. Henry was born on the 12th of January, 1838. They are sons of Richard Henry, who was likewise a native of that county, born in 1811, his life record covering the intervening years to 1887. He always followed the occupation of farming as a means of livelihood in support of his family. He was married in the Keystone state to Miss Jane Culbertson, who was born in Pennsylvania in 1813 and died in 1892. They became the parents of six children, all of whom reached adult age. The father followed farming in Pennsylvania until 1866, when he came to Warren County, Iowa, with his family. Here he purchased land and made a home near the farm which is now the property of Henry Brothers. Upon that place he and his wife spent their remaining days.
Their sons were trained to habits of industry, economy and perseverance and early became familiar with the work of the farm in its various phases. After the outbreak of the Civil War, John A. Henry offered his services to the government, enlisting as a member of Company H, of the One Hundred and Forty-fifth Regiment of Pennsylvania Infantry. He remained at the front for three years and was wounded in the sanguinary conflict at Gettysburg, where he lay on  the battlefield for nine days. For several years he carried the ball in his limb but at last it was extracted. He proved a faithful and valorous soldier, never hesitating in the performance of his duty, although he was frequently in the thickest of the fight and participated in many of the long hard marches.
About the close of the war the family came to Iowa and J. A. and 0. H. Henry purchased one hundred acres of land near their father's farm and here established their home and began work in agricultural lines. In January, 1867, J. A. Henry was united in marriage to Miss Carrie McGranahan, a native of Pennsylvania and a sister of the renowned hymn writer of that name, who is deceased. In 1869 O. H. Henry made a visit to his old home in Pennsylvania and was there married on the 18th of February to Miss Sarah M. McMasters, a native of Pennsylvania and a school teacher for several years. Her husband also taught school for two terms and they enjoyed an academic education in Pennsylvania.
Following their marriage the brothers built a house on their farm and they continued to live together under one roof for over forty years—both on the farm and also since coming to Indianola. They have also been asso­ciated in their business interests. They began by buying one hundred acres of land and from time to time they made other purchases, extending the boundaries of their property until they now have over four hundred acres in one body. The land is arable, the soil very productive and the entire tract is well improved. They erected thereon good houses and barns, and in fact the barn is among the largest in the county, being sixty by eighty feet. They have also di­vided the farm into fields of convenient sizes by well kept fences. They drained the land d by the judicious use of tile, put out an orchard and in fact have added all the equipments which indicate progressive farming. While they have always cultivated the cereals best adapted to the soil and climate, they have likewise made a specialty of raising draft horses and other stock for a number of years. They started with imported stock and they kept up this high standard from the beginning. They were among the pioneer horse breeders and dealers of the county and for years they have been exhibitors at the county and state fairs, where they have won many premiums, carrying off several blue ribbons, and also won first prize in the International show at Chicago, Illinois. They have likewise been raising and feeding cattle, shipping about two carloads annually on an average for many years. In 1905 they removed to Indianola, from which point they direct their farm interests which are about three miles away. They have a model town property, their home being surrounded by many beautiful shade trees while there is much fruit also upon the place.
Unto J. A. Henry and his wife were born three children, but two of the number died in infancy. The surviving son, Fred Henry, who is mentioned elsewhere in this work, is married and lives in Indianola. He like his father and uncle has a large farm and extensive stock interests.
The brothers are both Democratic in political faith, but at local elections where there is no political issue before the people, they cast an independent ballot regardless of party ties. They have never sought office although their fellow townsmen have frequently called them to serve in local position and they have been delegates to the state and county conventions. Both are members of the Ancient Order of United Workmen of Indianola and they and their wives are members of the United Presbyterian Church. Their in­terests have always been of the most harmonious character and for forty-two years they have lived in this county, witnessing its transformation as the pioneer conditions have been replaced by those of modern civilization. In their business affairs they have followed methods which none have questioned, but which have brought to them splendid success and gained them a place with the prosperous farmers of the county.

William Herring, deceased, was for many years one of the leading farmers of Linn Township and a man honored and respected wherever known. He was born in Pennsylvania, May 7, 1839, and was a representative of an old family of French origin that was early established in the Keystone state. There his father, Ebenezer Herring, was born and reared and on reaching manhood married Miss Jane McLaughlin. In 1854 he brought his family to Iowa traveling by wagon and boat to Warren County, and in Linn Town­ship he purchased eighty acres of land, which he at once began to improve and cultivate, making his home thereon until his death.
William Herring was reared in much the usual manner of farm boys of his time and was educated in the country schools, one of his schoolmates being a girl who became his future wife. He remained under the parental roof until his marriage, early becoming familiar with farming in all its details, and on starting out in life for himself engaged in operating rented land. He subsequently bought eighty acres in Linn Township and about 1893 purchased fifty-two acres near Norwalk, where on his widow now resides. Throughout life he followed farming and met with good success in his chosen occupation.
It was in 1873 that the marriage of Mr. Herring and Miss Mary Beery was celebrated and their union was a happy one. They reared an adopted daughter, Pearl, now the wife of Frank Willett. Being a strong temperance man, Mr. Herring affiliated with the Prohibition Party and he was a faithful and consistent member of the Christian Church, to which his widow also belongs. After a useful and well spent life, he passed away on the 30th of January 1904, leaving many friends as well as his family to mourn his loss.

William W. Hess, a successful farmer and stock-raiser residing on section 7, Liberty Township, was born near Morgantown, West Virginia, on the Monongahela River, December 31, 1842, a son of James T. and Sarah (Hite) Hess, both of old Virginia families. The grandparents of our subject were John and Hannah (Tibbs) Hess, the former born in Pennsylvania of German descent, while the latter was born of Irish parents, on the Atlantic Ocean. John Hess was a strict Presbyterian in religious faith. James T. Hess was one of five children, of whom one brother, John W., is a retired farmer re­siding at Tarkie, Atchison County, Missouri.
The father of William W. Hess was born in Virginia and owned two hundred and eighteen acres of land in that state. He was a prominent man of affairs, largely interested in lumber, stock, etc. Previous to Abraham Lincoln's election he was a Douglas Democrat, but from that time forward gave staunch allegiance to the principles of the Republican Party, and in 1855 he freed the slaves which had been given him by his father. He served as revenue collector, judge of court, and in other positions of public trust demon­strated his capability in handling the interests entrusted to his care. He was a Missionary Baptist, and his demise occurred in Morgantown, West Virginia, when he had attained the age of sixty-seven years. His wife, who bore the maiden name of Sarah Hite, was born in the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia in 1800, her parents being George and Lucy (Longnecker) Hite, the former a mechanic and carpenter. Both passed away at Morgantown. Sarah Hite accompanied her parents on their removal to Morgantown, where she gave her hand in marriage to James T. Hess and they had the following chil­dren: Joseph S., a retired liveryman who makes his home at Morgantown, West Virginia; Mary, who became the wife of S. S. Steward, a civil engineer by profession, who died at Fairmount in 1906; William W., of this review; Taylor, residing at Morgantown, who is a large landowner and is also inter­ested in a glass factory; Thomas, an agriculturist of Waynesville, Ohio; Jud­son, who is connected with the Sanders Manufacturing Company of Dayton, Ohio; Elsa, who wedded Jennie Carruthers and is a retired and wealthy citi­zen of Morgantown; George, whose demise occurred about eighteen years ago; and Hannah. Mrs. Sarah Hess died at Xenia, Ohio, in 1882, when she had at­tained the age of eighty-two years.
William W. Hess was reared in the place of his nativity to the age of twenty years, when, his patriotic spirit being aroused, he enlisted as a member of Company C, Fourteenth West Virginia Infantry, on the 14th of August, 1862. He served as corporal and sergeant and his military record is a most creditable and honorable one. He was three times wounded and still carries a three-ounce ball of lead. His service entailed participation in nineteen regular battles besides numerous skirmishes, including the battle of Cedar Creek, October 19, 1864, when Sheridan made his famous ride, being wounded twice in this encounter. He was also present at the time of the engagement at Cloud Mountain and witnessed the surrender of Lee at Appomattox. On being mustered out in September, 1865, he returned to Morgantown, there residing until March 25, 1868, when he made his way to his present home in Warren County, Iowa. His holdings comprise about four hundred acres of well improved land and his home farm is located on section 7, Liberty Township, where he carries on agricultural and stock-raising interests. He owns a farm on section 5 and one on section 30, two of his sons operating these tracts. Mr. Hess is a carpenter and to some extent has followed that trade in this county. He is well known as one of the prosperous and enterprising residents here and the large degree of prosperity which has attended his efforts is but the merited reward of his untiring industry and excellent busi­ness ability.
Mr. Hess has been married twice. He first wedded, in West Virginia, Miss Rebecca Barker, who passed away June 17, 1868. Subsequently he mar­ried Miss Lizzie Young, who was born in Indiana in 1853, a daughter of James Young. Her father came to Warren County in 1855, carrying on agri­cultural pursuits in Squaw Township until the time of his death, which oc­curred in August, 1907, when he was seventy-two years of age. He had been twice married and his widow now resides at Creston. Mrs. Hess has two sis­ters, one half-sister and three half-brothers.  By her marriage she has become the mother of eleven children, five sons and six daughters. Lulu is the wife of Harry Bradford, a farmer of Liberty Township, and they have one daugh­ter. J. C., is an agriculturist of Liberty Township, operating a two hundred acre farm belonging to his father. He married Miss Fleet Sargent, a daughter of E. G. Sargent, and they have two daughters and three sons. Ora, who re­sides in Squaw Township, became the wife of John Thompson, by whom she has two sons and three daughters. Almo is on the home farm in Liberty Township. William, who follows farming in Liberty Township, married Miss Frances Otts, by whom he has one son. Merl wedded Doc Chumbley in 1908. Grace is a milliner at Colorado Springs, Colorado. Gail married Carrie Colt­rane and they have one son. Glenn, Stella and Verna are still under the parental roof. All of the children were born on the home farm on section 7, Liberty Township.
Since age conferred upon him the right of franchise Mr. Hess has given stalwart support to the men and measures of the Republican Party and has served in various Township offices. Fraternally he is connected with Senna Lodge, No. 344, A. F. & A. M., of Liberty Center, and still maintains pleasant relations with his old army comrades through his membership in the Grand Army of the Republic, being identified with the post at Indianola. His wife is a devoted and faithful member of the Methodist Church and, like her hus­band, is held in warm esteem and regard throughout the entire community. For forty years Mr. Hess has now been identified with the agricultural interests of this county and his business methods have ever been such as have won for him the confidence and trust of his associates.

Leander E. Hiatt, who is a member of the county board of supervisors and a representative citizen, conducting a successful business as a dealer in live stock, was born in Henry County, Indiana, in 1850. His father, Joshua Hiatt, was a native of Ohio and a miller by trade. He removed to Missouri in 1872 and remained there until his death, which occurred in 1905. In his business affairs he prospered, becoming well-to-do and throughout his entire life he enjoyed the respect and esteem of those with whom he was associated, for his life was in harmony with his professions as a member of the Society of Friends. His political endorsement was given to the Republican Party. Prior to her marriage Mrs. Joshua Hiatt bore the name of Mary Cooper. She, too, was a native of Indiana and her death occurred in 1860. She was a birth­right Friend or Quaker and both she and her husband lived in harmony with the teachings of that peaceful sect that inculcates the kindly graces of char­acter and the Christian principles of forbearance and brotherly kindness.
Leander E. Hiatt, who was one of a family of four children, pursued his education in the public schools and afterward learned the miller's trade, which he followed until his removal to Missouri. For two years he resided in that state and in 1874 arrived in Indianola. For thirty-four years he has now made his home in Warren County and has therefore largely witnessed its growth and development. After his arrival here he worked by the month as a farm hand but ambitious to engage in business on his own account, he later secured a farm, which he began to cultivate and improve. In 1882 he removed to Indianola, where he began dealing in live stock and is still en­gaged in this business. He has, however, sold his land. He is well known as a leading dealer in live stock and is conducting a successful business.
Mr. Hiatt was married to Miss Addle Dixon, of Brooklyn, New York, and they have six children: Elmer, Harry, Charles, Sallie, Mary, and Wilson. Both are widely known and their good qualities have gained for them many friends. Mr. Hiatt is a stalwart Republican in politics, keeps well informed on the issues and questions of the day and has done effective work in behalf of the public welfare in the various offices to which he has been called by his fellow citizens. He has served as a member of the school board, has been a member of the city council and in 1904 was elected a member of the board of supervisors, since which time he has served in the office, acting as chairman of the board in 1907. He is also a member of the Fair Association and is in hearty sympathy with every movement that tends to promote the welfare and substantial upbuilding of the city and county.

Charles Hickman, a practical, enterprising and progressive farmer living on section 19, Lincoln Township, owns and cultivates one hundred and sixty acres of land, constituting a neat and well improved farm. It adjoins the corporation limits of Indianola and its well kept appearance is proof of the careful supervision and untiring energy of the owner. He has made his home in Warren County since 1865. His birth occurred in London, England, August 18, 1839. He came to the new world with his father, Edward Hick­man, in 1848, and settled first in Philadelphia. He was a jeweler by trade, and after being thus employed in Philadelphia for a time he removed to New Jersey. He then located on the farm in Burlington County where he carried on the work of tilling the soil for a number of years.
Charles Hickman was reared on a farm and early became familiar with the work of the fields from the time of early spring planting until the crops were harvested in the late autumn. During the Civil War he served on the construction corps in Virginia and drove a team while in the army of the Potomac. In 1865 he came west to Iowa and as his financial condition rendered immediate employment a necessity, he secured work as a farm hand, and was thus employed for several years. He was married in Indianola by the Rev. Clammer, in 1866, to Miss Anna A. Rogers, a daughter of Joseph Rogers, and a native of New Jersey. The family removed to Iowa during her early girlhood so that she was reared in Warren County. After their marriage the young couple located on a farm in Lincoln Township, which Mr. Hickman rented, cultivating it for several years. He brought it under a high state of cultivation and when his work had secured for him a substantial competence he purchased one hundred and sixty acres, where he now resides, and at once began to improve and farm this property. He has since built a neat resi­dence, has set out evergreen trees, which greatly enhance the attractive ap­pearance and promote the value of the place. He also planted an orchard, has fenced the fields and has made a valuable property. For nine years he has now rented the farm, but gives to it his personal supervision and has two sets of farm buildings on the place.
Unto Mr. and Mrs. Hickman have been born the following children: Ed­ward, who carried on farming in this County; Charles, who is cultivating the home farm; George, who is a business man of Indianola; Furman, who lives at home, and Mary, the wife of James Wear, a farmer of St. Marys. Mr. and Mrs. Hickman also lost one child in infancy.
The parents are both consistent members of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and Mr Hickman is a Republican, but has no desire for office although he keeps well informed on the questions and issues of the day. He is well known in Indianola as a man of sterling character and worth who has long been identified with the development of this county and has ever borne his share in the work of public progress and improvement. At the same time he has carefully managed his business interests so that in the course of years he has gained a place among the men of influence of the community.

Elias B. Hicks, who is one of the few remaining veterans of the Civil War and who was for years one of the prosperous farmers and stock- raisers of Union township, is now living retired in Sandyville, his mind a rich storehouse of memories of stirring events of the past. He was born in Owen County, Indiana, November 27, 1838, a son of James b. and Sarah (Beeman) Hicks, both of whom were natives of North Carolina. In early manhood the father left his native state and located in Owen County, Indiana, where, as one of the pioneer settlers of that section, he engaged in farming. He wedded Sarah Beeman, the mother of our subject, who died in 1856. He later married a second time and his widow now resides at Sandyville. In 1851 Mr. Hicks removed from Indiana and located in Union township, this county, where he opened up a farm, upon which he spent his remaining days. He died about 1881.
Elias B. Hicks was thirteen years of age when his father located here, and his life since that time has been closely identified with the growth and development of the surrounding country. He aided his father in the work of the farm and contributed to the general advancement of the family interests up to the time he was twenty-three years of age when, at the outbreak of the Rebellion he enlisted in Company G, Tenth Iowa Infantry, in August, 1861, and was sent south with his regiment. He saw an unusual amount of active service, and is one of the fortunate few who lived to tell of their experiences in Andersonville prison, where during the years of 1864 and 1865 over twelve thousand Union prisoners died as a result of the cruelty and mismanagement of its superintendent, who later paid the penalty of his crimes by being executed after a trial by the United States court. Mr. Hicks' first engagement was at Charleston, Missouri; later he was in the battles of Champion's Hill, Jacksonville, Mississippi; Black River Bridge; the siege and surrender of Vicksburg, and finally in the battle of Missionary Ridge, where he was taken prisoner and held for thirteen months. He was first taken to Richmond, later to Belle Isle, and from there to Andersonville, where he remained all of one summer. That he escaped death is doubtless due to the fact that he was transferred from there to Charleston, where after being detained about two weeks he was finally committed to the Confederate prison at Florence. He was held there three months, when he was paroled and returned home, later receiving an honorable discharge at Davenport. He enlisted as a private, from which rank he was promoted to corporal and later to sergeant.
On March 22, 1870, Elias B. Hicks married Miss Charity Dillon, who was born and reared in Warren County. Following his marriage he located on his farm in Union Township, and began operating it with the same energy that has ever characterized his efforts. The place consisted of one hundred and sixty-five acres, which was systematically seeded in a rotation of crops so as to insure a provision of hay, grain and pasturage for the care of his stock, in which he dealt quite extensively. He continued actively engaged in farm work until in 1899, when he rented his place and removed to Sandyville. He afterward bought a small farm south of Sandyville, which he cultivated for five years, eventually selling this and buying his present residence property in the village in 1905. Unto Mr. and Mrs. hicks have been born four children, three sons and one daughter, namely: James E., who is married and resides on the farm. He has one son, Oren. W. F., is a merchant of Sandyville, and is happily settled in a home of his own. He [h]as one daughter, Doris. Benjamin H., is in partnership with his brother W. F. Sarah Ann died in January, 1893, aged twenty-two years.
In politics Mr. Hicks has ever been a stanch republican. He cast his first vote for Abraham Lincoln in 1860, since which time he has not missed a vote for the republican presidential candidate. As a prominent and influential citizen he has been called upon to fill various offices, notably that of township trustee, in which position he has served for two or three terms, also as delegate to the county conventions, and he is now a member of the village board. Fraternally he is a member of the Grand Army post at Milo. Religiously he is a member of the Methodist Episcopal church, in which he holds the position of trustee.

Wallace Hines, who owns and operates eighty acres of valuable land on section 20, Belmont Township, where he is also engaged in stock raising, was born in this township, near the county line, July 1, 1860. His parents, Wil­liam and Clarissa Jane (Chapin) Hines, both of whom are now deceased, were natives of Virginia and New York respectively, but came to this county prior to the Civil War, the father being largely engaged in agricultural pursuits. Their family numbered six children, namely: John, who has passed away; Smith, of Nodaway county, Missouri; Noble, who makes his home in Cass county, Iowa; Wallace, of this review; Ellen, the widow of Alonzo Ferguson, residing at Milo; and Clara, the wife of J. W. Brown, of South Dakota.
Wallace Hines was reared in the county of his nativity and acquired a common school education. Throughout his entire business career he has fol­lowed agricultural pursuits and for the past fourteen years has owned and cultivated his present farm of eighty acres on section 20, Belmont Township. The property is well improved and in addition to the work of general farming he also raises stock, both branches of his business returning to him a gratifying annual income.
In 1887 Mr. Hines was united in marriage to Miss Emma Estes, a native of Marion County, Iowa, and a daughter of J. M. Estes, an early settler of that county, who is now deceased. Unto our subject and his wife have been born six children, as follows: Lela J., the oldest child, is deceased; Eva B., Ells­worth, Clyde, Daisy, and Noble.
In his political views Mr. Hines is a staunch Republican, while fraternally lie is connected with the Mystic Toilers at Milo. He is well known as one of the enterprising and progressive citizens of his native county and the circle of his friends is almost coextensive with the circle of his acquaintances.

R. L. Hodson is a well known and prominent farmer and stock-raiser residing on section 17, Union Township. He dates his residence in this county from 1858, being only two years old when brought here, for he was born in Henry County, Indiana, May 30, 1856. His father, Solomon Hodson, was a native of Ohio and from that state removed to Henry County, Indiana, where he married Miss Hannah Ogle, a native of the Hoosier state. As a nursery­man he carried on business there for several years, and being a well educated man he also engaged in teaching school for thirty-two winter terms. At an early day he and his father entered four hundred acres of land in White Breast Township, Warren County, Iowa, and upon this place he located in 1858, opening up a good farm. He also started a nursery, which he con­ducted for twenty years, and as one of the leading and influential citizens of his community he was called upon to serve as county auditor of this county for two terms. After a useful and well spent life, he died here in 1895, at the age of sixty-five years, and his widow still resides on the old home place.
Upon the homestead farm R. L. Hodson grew to manhood, and his early education, acquired in the common schools, was supplemented by a course at Ackworth Academy. He then engaged in teaching for a time. He was married in White Breast Township, December 7, 1879, to Miss Ella Reynolds, who was born in Indiana, but was reared in this county, of which her father, William Reynolds, now of Oklahoma, was an early settler.
After his marriage Mr. Hodson removed to Mitchell County, Kansas, where he engaged in farming for one year, and from 1881 until 1888 made his home in Adams County, Iowa, where he also engaged in agricultural pursuits. At the end of that time he returned to Warren County and purchased a farm in Belmont Township but after raising one crop he sold that place and bought eighty acres of land in Union Township, where be now resides. He has since extended the boundaries of his farm until he now has two hundred and forty acres of rich and arable land, which he has surrounded by good fences and improved with neat and substantial buildings, which stand as monuments to his thrift and enterprise. He raises a large amount of stock, feeding one or more carloads of cattle each year and also a large number of hogs. In connection with his farming and stock-raising interests he is also engaged in the real-estate business and has handled a large amount of farm property.
Mr. and Mrs. Hodson are the parents of six children, namely: Myrtle M., now the wife of James A. Hicks, a farmer of Union Township; C. L., who is married and owns a farm adjoining his father's place; Harry S., who is also married and follows farming in Union Township; Grace E., the wife of Clayton Williams, of Belmont Township; Alta F., the wife of Pearl Adamson, of Bel­mont Township, and Cash, who is now eleven years of age and is still at home.
By his ballot Mr. Hodson supports the men and measures of the Republican Party but has never cared for official honors, though he has served as Township trustee and as a member of the school board. He is a member of the Ancient Order of United Workmen and both he and his wife hold membership in the Methodist Episcopal Church of Sandyville. Their well spent lives have won for them the respect of the entire community in which they live and they have many friends throughout this county.

Louis Hoffman, who is engaged in business in Lacona as a dealer in harness, buggies and wagons, is one of the worthy citizens that Germany has furnished to this country. When twenty years of age, foreseeing that there was no future there for him and having heard and read of the freedom and opportunity for advancement in this country, he decided to leave home. In was in 1882 that he first set foot on American soil and he has since made this state his home. Mr. Hoffman was born in Hesse-Darmstadt, Germany, April 12, 1862, a son of Sebastian Hoffman, likewise a native of that province, where he worked at the shoemakers trade. He spent his entire life there and is now deceased.
The son, whose name introduces this review, was reared and educated in his native land and after coming to this country soon mastered the English language. Before coming to America he learned the shoemaker's trade, working at the same for some little time. Upon his arrival in the new world he made his way to Oskaloosa, Iowa, where he worked at his trade and also did various duties that would yield him an honest living. He later took up his abode in Lineville, this state, where he was employed as a farm hand by the month for a time and then went to Corydon, where he continued to work at his trade and in the meantime learned the harness maker's trade. For several years he conducted a shoe shop in the latter city and in 1900 came to Lacona, where he purchased a harness shop and engaged in business on his own account. He put in a stock of buggies and wagons and has now built up a large and profitable business, owing to the high grade goods which he carries and his reasonable prices. He has built a fine modern building in which he conducts his business and has also erected a nice home in Lacona.
It was during his residence in Corydon, this state, that Mr. Hoffman was united in marriage to Miss Bertha McCarty, the wedding being celebrated on the 23d of December 1888. She was born and reared in this state and by her marriage has become the mother of a son and daughter. Nellie is the wife of Robert Goode, a native of Iowa, where he was also reared. He is now engaged in the harness business in Lacona. Fred is the other member of the family.
Mr. Hoffman's study of the political questions and issues of the day has led him to give hearty support to the men and measures of the Republican Party. During his residence in Corydon he served in the city council for several years and also acted as street commissioner and since coming to Lacona has served on the village and the school boards. He and his wife are members of the Methodist Episcopal Church, in the work of which they take an active and helpful part. He is now acting as a trustee and steward of the church and is also assistant superintendent of and a teacher in the Sunday school. No matter in what relation of life we find him, whether in public office, in business or social life, he is always the same honored and honorable gentleman and all who know him have for him none but the highest regard and esteem.

Rev. Edmund M. Holmes, well known as an educator and minister, is now filling the pastorate of the Methodist Episcopal Church at Indianola. His entire life has been devoted to efforts for the moral and intellectual upbuilding of the race and his influence has been of no restricted order. He was born in Hardin County, Ohio, December 15, 1859. His father, Jacob M. Holmes, was a native of Jefferson County, Ohio, and represented a family of English origin. Becoming a believer in the Christian religion and a follower of the Methodist Church, he was for five years one of its local preachers and then entered the ministry in southern Ohio in 1841. In 1846 he was admitted to the Ohio conference and in 1851 was transferred to the Central Ohio conference, filling pastoral appointments at Kenton, Lima and Sidney. He was then appointed presiding elder of the Kenton district in 1859 and afterward served in pastoral relations with the churches at Adrian, Marion Station and Patterson. In the fall of 1869 he came to Iowa and was stationed at Altoona, being transferred to the Des Moines conference. The Indianola district was afterward trans­ferred to the Chariton district and he was presiding elder thereof until his demise. In the meantime, however, on leaving Altoona he went to Red Oak and later to Clarinda as pastor of the Methodist Church, and in the fall of 1875 he was appointed presiding elder of the Indianola district and was thus laboring in the field of church activity until he was called to the reward pre­pared for the righteous. He was a most earnest speaker and a man of con­secrated life and his labors bore rich harvests in the work of the Methodist ministry in this part of the state. His political endorsement was given to the Republican Party.
In early manhood Rev. Jacob M. Holmes wedded Miss Margaret Bradford, who was born in Adams County, Ohio, September 20, 1823, and died in 1883 when about sixty years of age. She was of Irish descent, her grandparents, who were of the Presbyterian faith, having come from the north of Ireland to the new world. She was reared in the Presbyterian Church but before her marriage was converted to a belief in the Methodist doctrines under the preaching of her future husband. Their marriage was blessed with six chil­dren, of whom the Rev. Edmund M. Holmes is the fifth in order of birth.
According to the customs of an itinerant ministry, the abode of the Holmes family was frequently changed during the boyhood and youth of Rev. E. M. Holmes of this review and he accordingly pursued his education in the schools of Kenton, Ohio, and other places. In 1875 he entered the senior preparatory class at Simpson College and in 1880 was graduated from that institution, winning the degree of Bachelor of Arts. Immediately following his gradua­tion, having been licensed to preach, he entered upon the active work of pro­claiming the gospel in connection with the south Indianola circuit as a junior preacher. In the following fall he joined the Des Moines conference and was assigned to the charge at Casey. In order to be still better qualified for the important and responsible duties which he had taken upon himself, in the fall of 1881 he entered the Garrett Biblical Institute, the theological depart­ment of the Northwestern University at Evanston, Illinois, and was graduated there from in 1883. He then returned to the Des Moines conference and was assigned to the pastorate of the Methodist Church at Carroll. Two years later he was elected to the chair of Greek in Simpson College and thus served as a member of the faculty for four years, after which he was elected in 1889, to the presidency of that institution. For three years he presided over its interests as its chief executive officer and in 1892 he resigned the position to again take up the active work of a minister of the gospel and was assigned to the Prospect Park Church at Des Moines. There he remained for two years, after which he was appointed presiding elder of the Boone district. He served for a term of six years and was then appointed as pastor of the church at Denison. Iowa. In 1902 he was assigned to Red Oak, where his father had labored many years before, and in 1904 he was made presiding elder of the Des Moines district, so continuing until 1907, when he became pastor of the Methodist Church of Indianola. Here he is now laboring untiringly for the Christianizing of the inhabitants of this attractive city, is fearless in his enunciation of the truth, is eloquent in his utterances and most earnest in his efforts to uplift his fellowmen.
In September, 1884, the Rev. Edmund M. Holmes was united in the holy bonds of matrimony to Miss Carrie M. Page, of Boone, Iowa, and unto them have been born four sons and a daughter: Merrill J., who was graduated from Simpson College with the class of 1908; Stephen Roy, who is a freshman in that institution; Alice, a member of the senior academic class of Simpson College; Elmer M., who is attending the high school; and Kenneth B., who completes the family.
The Rev. Holmes is a supporter of the Republican Party but aside from a citizen's interest in the welfare of his country, takes no active part in politics. Strong in his opinions, yet charitable in his views of others, he commands the respect of all people, while those of his own denomination recognize his worth and fidelity and have high appreciation for his services in the church.

Henry I. Hoover, residing on a Scotch Ridge farm of ninety acres, located on section 22, Greenfield Township, dates his residence in Warren County since 1850, having been brought to this country by his parents when but six years of age. He was born in Shelby County, Indiana, November 12, 1844, the son of Ephraim A. and Julia Ann (Howrey) Hoover. His father was a native of North Carolina and went from there to Indiana when a young man, where he met and married Julia A. Howrey, who was a native of Ohio. There he lived a number of years, conducting farming operations, and ulti­mately opened a lumber and flouring mill, in the running of which he was quite successful and was doing a good business just previous to his remov­ing to Iowa. In 1850 he disposed of his milling interests and moved to War­ren County, where he located on a partly improved farm near Spring Hill. Later he sold this and bought a saw and grist mill on North River, which he ran for six years, when he sold it and farmed for a couple of years. He then bought a sawmill in Greenfield Township, which he operated until the time of his death, in 1865. His wife survived him for twenty-seven years and passed away in 1892. They were the parents of four sons and six daughters, all of whom grew to maturity and are now living, with the exception of two of the daughters.
Henry I., Hoover remained with his parents during his boyhood and youth and was educated in the home schools. During the Civil War he enlisted on August 12, 1862, in Company B, Thirty-ninth Iowa Volunteer Infantry and was sent with his regiment to Kentucky and Tennessee. In an engage­ment at Parker's Crossroads, Tennessee, he was wounded and permanently disabled. He was then discharged February 28, 1863, for disability and was sent home. He reenlisted June 5, 1864, joining the Forty-eighth Iowa Volun­teers and for one hundred days was stationed with a battalion that guarded the prison on Rock Island. He served for five months, when he was honorably discharged and returned home. He then engaged in farming for a number of years, but finally opened up a brick kiln, and for thirteen years he engaged in the manufacture of bricks, for which he found a ready sale in Des Moines, Indianola, and throughout Warren and Polk counties. He then leased a farm and engaged in farming and stock-raising. In 1884 he bought the farm where he now resides and began its cultivation. He also burned brick here for two seasons. He has built a neat, substantial two-story residence and a large barn, has put out a young orchard, and has cleared the land of some heavy timber. He has constructed the necessary granaries, sheds and other outbuildings for the shelter of stock, in which he deals quite extensively, buying, raising and feeding them for the market.
On June 15, 1865, occurred the marriage of Mr. Hoover and Miss Rox­anna Blackford, who was born and reared in Shelby County, Indiana, and came to Iowa with a brother. Unto this union have been born eleven children, namely: Alice, the wife of Charles Groves, a farmer residing in this County; Anna, the wife of Elvin Bishop, of Pocahontas County; Alexander, who con­ducts farming operations on the home farm; Wilbur, of Pocahontas County; Dills, the wife of Earl Pool, of Greenfield Township; George, who is engaged in farming in his own behalf; Laura and Henry I. Jr., who reside at home with their parents. Three children died in infancy, Alonzo at the age of three years, and Mahala and Margaret both died when about three months old.
In politics Mr. Hoover is a staunch Republican, though he has never been an aspirant to public office. Fraternally he is a member of the Grand Army of the Republic. During his long residence in this County Mr. Hoover has witnessed remarkable improvements and has had the satisfaction of know­ing that he has played no unimportant part in the development of the country.

Harry E. Hopper, who has made a success of the real-estate business and is now extensively handling Canada lands, maintaining his office in Indianola, was born in Henderson County, Illinois, in 1862. His father, John Wesley Hopper, was a native of the state of New York and was descended from Hol­land ancestry. In his boyhood days he removed westward to Illinois with his parents, Mr. and Mrs. Lambert Hopper. His father was a merchant and mil­ler and in Illinois established his home in Henderson County. It was in that locality that John Wesley Hopper was reared and after attaining manhood he engaged in merchandising. He also conducted a gristmill, a woolen-mill, and a sawmill. He was distinctively a man of affairs and one who wielded a wide influence. He died at La Harpe, Illinois, to which place he had removed his store, although his family were still residents of Henderson County. Dur­ing the greater part of his life he was quite prosperous in his undertakings. He was reared in the faith of the Methodist Episcopal Church and was a member of that denomination at the time of his death.
His father, Lambert Hopper, was a leading Methodist of his section and served in the church as a class leader, while his home was always the place of entertainment for the circuit riders. In his fraternal relations John W. Hopper was a Mason, while in political faith he was a Republican. He mar­ried Caroline Elliott, who was born in Henderson County, Illinois, and is of Irish lineage. She, too, is a member of the Methodist Church. Mr. Hop­per died at the comparatively early age of thirty-nine years but his widow still survives and has now reached the age of seventy years. They were the parents of six children, of whom two are deceased. Those still living are: Eugene, who is the wife of L. F. McFadon, a merchant of Emerson, Iowa; Donzella, residing in Indianola and formerly a teacher; Harry E., of this review; and Nellie, the wife of C. F. Enos, who is connected with the Sigler Lumber Company of Indianola.
Harry E. Hopper was only eight years of age at the time of his father's demise. He attended the schools of his native county and afterward became a student in the Simpson College at Indianola, Iowa, completing the scientific course by graduation in 1893, at which time the degree of Bachelor of Sci­ence was conferred upon him. He had come to this state in the spring of 1880 with his mother and the other children of the family and they located upon a farm in Montgomery County. By the united labors of all, the farm was soon paid for and when it was possible to be released from the work of the fields, Mr. Hopper, of this review, resumed his education as a student in Indianola in November, 1889, matriculating in Simpson College as previously indicated.
During the periods of vacation he bought and sold cattle and horses. In the spring of 1893, while in college, he made investment in a tract of forty acres of land in the northwestern part of Indianola and laid off the Homedale Place addition, in which enterprise he was associated with J. M. Kittleman. He then turned his attention to the real-estate business in connection with Mr. Kittleman and J. L. Brown and in 1894 they laid out the Kenwood addi­tion to Indianola. Mr. Hopper was thus connected with general real-estate interests until 1902, when he turned his attention to Canada lands and is now handling several hundred thousand acres of land in western Canada and also British Columbia timber. He likewise owns property in this coun­try and since his college days has been numbered among the representative and progressive real-estate men of Warren County.
He has a farm of one thousand acres, and recently his name figured prominently before the public as purchaser of the entire stud of C. W. Wil­liams, of Galesburg, Illinois, headed by Allerton, with a record of 2:09 1/4, and Expedition, 2:15%, two of the most famous of living trotting sires. These stallions were bred and trained by Mr. Williams, their former owner, who, without any experience or expert knowledge, started in to train, drive and raise them himself. Although his methods were diametrically opposed to those then most approved, he deferred not at all to the opinions of others but followed his own ideas, and Allerton made a record of 2:091/4. The stud which Mr. Hopper has purchased comprises about fifty head and includes, in addition to the stallions mentioned, a number of richly bred brood mares. Mr. Hopper has been engaged in breeding horses for a number of years and will not only keep the stud intact but increase its magnitude. This is but one department of the extensive business interests which claim the attention of Mr. Hopper and which, carefully controlled by him, are placing him in the front rank among Iowa's substantial citizens.
On the 1st of January, 1895, Mr. Hopper was married to Miss Edith Car­penter, who was born in Indianola in 1872 and was a daughter of Professor George C. and Frances Carpenter. Her father was connected with Simp­son College in a professional capacity for twenty-five years. He died in 1894 and his widow afterward became the wife of William Buxton, presi­dent of the Warren County Bank, now living retired. Mr. and Mrs. Hopper have two children, Byron C. and Dorothy, born in 1899 and 1903, respectively. The parents are faithful members of the Methodist Episcopal Church and Mr. Hopper is identified with the Modern Woodmen of America, while his poli­tical support is given to the republican party. In his business career he has advanced through consecutive stages as the result of his close application and unfaltering energy. At all times he has made good use of his opportu­nities and it is by reason of his well directed diligence that he occupies the creditable position which is now accorded him in business circles.

James E. Houghtaling, well known in Indianola and throughout Warren and Polk counties as dealing in shorthorn cattle, Percheron horses and Poland China hogs, resides on section 29, Lincoln Township, where he owns and operates a well improved farm of one hundred and sixty acres, located within four miles of Indianola. He was born in Peoria County, Illinois, July 13, 1861, the son of William and Isabella (Stewart) Houghtaling.
His father was a native of New York State and came west to Illinois while yet a young man. He located in Peoria County, where he engaged in farming. While residing there he met and married Isabella Stewart, also a native of New York. He followed farming in Illinois for some years when in 1874 he removed to Iowa, where he first rented land for a few years. In 1879 he bought the place which is now the property of our subject, moving on it in the spring of 1880. Here he spent his remaining years in the full contentment and enjoyment of an independent livelihood and the companion­ship of his wife and children. He died in Illinois while on a visit to that state. His wife survived him for a few years. They were the parents of four sons and six daughters, of whom but two sons and two daughters are now living.
James E. Houghtaling was born and reared in the country and received his education in the common schools. He aided his father in the conduct of the farm up to the age of twenty-one years, when he was married to Miss Martha E. Chew, July 13, 1882. Mrs. Houghtaling is a native of Warren County. After his marriage, Mr. Houghtaling rented land for a few years and engaged in farming in his own behalf. He was quite successful and the excellency of his judgment and management was indicated by the fact that in a few years time he was able to buy the home place. Since acquiring this property he has built a large barn on it, added improvements to the house and fenced in a large part of the land, thus dividing it off into the necessary fields and pastures for the proper maintenance of his farming and stock-raising interests, the latter being his particular pride. He has been a member of the county fair association for about thirteen years, in which he served as chief marshal for a number of years.
Unto Mr. and Mrs. Houghtaling have been born five children: four sons and a daughter, Ruth, who died at the age of three months. Of the sons, Walter W. is married and resides on a farm in White Oak Township; Frank, Gerald A., and John A., reside at home with their parents. Politically, Mr. Houghtaling is a Democrat in matters of national import, though on questions and issues pertaining to local affairs he gives his support to the candidate whom he deems most worthy. He has never aspired to public office, though he ever gives his hearty support to all educational matters and has served on the school board for a number of years. He and his wife are members of the United Presbyterian Church of Indianola. Mr. Houghtaling is a mem­ber of the Modern Woodmen of America, a fraternal insurance society, and is widely and favorably known as one of the most popular and influential men of his community.

John R. Howard was born in Indianola in 1877 and is a representative of one of the oldest and most prominent families of Warren County. His father, John W. Howard, long numbered among the leading citizens here, was born in Preston County, West Virginia, and his death, which occurred in March 1908, at the age of seventy-five years, was the occasion of deep and widespread regret. He was of English ancestry and in early life learned and followed the carpenter's trade, while later he turned his attention to merchan­dising in Indianola and was quite successful in his undertakings. He ar­rived in this city in 1854 and embarked in business here as a carpenter and contractor. In the fall of that year he returned to Preston County, West Virginia, and was married to Miss Fernandez E. Fortney. With his bride he returned to Indianola in the spring of 1855 and from that time until his death was a factor in the business interests of the city. He became a partner of E. W. Fortney and Samuel Martin under the firm style of Fortney, Martin & Company, and they conducted a planing mill and lumberyard from 1870 until 1884. In the latter year the partnership was dissolved and the lum­beryard and mill were removed to Des Moines, while Mr. Howard retained the paint and glass department of the business. He was closely identified with the growth and development of Indianola for a half century, contribut­ing to its success through the establishment and conduct of several pros­perous business enterprises and also by his activity in municipal affairs and public life. He served as assessor of .the city and in 1879-80 filled the office of mayor, giving to the city a businesslike and progressive administration. He was a supporter of the Republican Party which ever found in him a stalwart champion.
Fraternally he was connected with the Ancient Order of United Workmen. By his first marriage Mr. Howard had four children: Ida G., who married R. J. Graham, who is conducting a laundry in Fort Morgan, Colorado; Silas E., a jeweler of Hastings, Nebraska; Ella, the wife of W. K. Crabb, who deals in paints and glass in Indianola; and Minta, the wife of W. M. Ogg, a baker of Indianola. The wife and mother died in 1868 and in 1870 Mr. Howard mar­ried Mrs. Daniel Lyons, whose husband, Captain Lyons, was killed at the bat­tle of Arkansas Post. His second wife, who bore the maiden name of Mel­vina Clark, and was born in Bloomington, Indiana, came of English-Irish ancestry and died in Indianola in 1887, at the age of fifty-six years. She was a member of the Presbyterian Church.
John R. Howard, the only child of this second marriage, began his educa­tion in the public schools of his native city, passed through consecutive grades and eventually entered the business department of Simpson College, from which he was graduated in 1895. He then entered the State University and completed the courses of law and collegiate departments in 1900. He at once located for practice in his native city, where he is meeting with success and in this connection his life record stands in contradistinction to the old adage that a prophet is never without honor save in his own country. He is careful in the preparation of his cases, keen in his analysis and logical in his deductions and has been connected with considerable important litigation tried in the courts of his district.
Mr. Howard's religious views are indicated by his membership in the Presbyterian Church and the Masonic fraternity claims him as an exemplary member, while of the Knights of Pythias lodge he is also a representative. In politics, an earnest Republican, his fellow townsmen elected him to the office of city treasurer, in which he continued for four years, while for the past four years he has been justice of the peace. His decisions are strictly fair and impartial, being based upon the law and the equity in the case.

Rev. Robert C. Howser, has devoted the greater part of his life to the work of the farm which George Washington said, "Is the most useful and most honorable occupation of man." He has also found time to aid in the pro­motion of moral interests in the communities in which he has lived, as a local preacher, and his upright life may well serve as an example to others, while his career proves that success and an honored name may be had simultaneously. He is now living in Indianola, while since 1895 he has made his home in Warren County and in the state since 1875. Ohio claims him as a native son for his birth occurred in Clermont County, February 7, 1849.
His father, Jonathan N. Howser, was likewise a native of the Buckeye state, where he was reared and followed the occupation of farming. He was married in Ohio to Miss Margaret J. Dillman, a native of that state, and they removed from Ohio to eastern Illinois settling in Champaign County, where Mr. Howser opened up a farm in 1860. Prospering in his undertaking he added to his original holdings until he was owner of seven hundred acres. The work of improvement was carried on along the most progressive lines and he continued to reside upon his farm there until called to his final rest when seventy-three years of age. His wife's death which occurred when she was sixty-five years of age was due to an accident. They were the parents of six children, five of whom reached manhood and womanhood.
Robert C. Howser was reared, on the home farm and as his age and strength increased he worked more and more largely in the fields, devoting the summer months to farm labor, while in the winter seasons he attended the public schools, also spending three months in a college. He continued on the home farm until his twenty-fifth year and was engaged in breaking prairie in Illinois and in all the work incident to its cultivation and improvement. In 1875 he arrived in Page County, Iowa, where he made investment in two hundred and forty acres of land near Northboro. This was raw land on which he broke the sod, also fenced the place and made good improvements. He erected a dwelling there together with other substantial buildings, set out a good orchard and made the place his home for twenty years, its neat and thrifty appearance indicating his careful supervision and practical progres­sive methods.
On the 2d of April, 1879, Mr. Howser was united in marriage to Miss Pris­cilla E. Hahn, a native of Knox County, Illinois, and a daughter of Edward I. Hahn, a farmer of that state. Her parents died in Illinois during her girlhood days and she was reared by her grandmother in Iowa. Mr. Howser began his domestic life upon a farm and as the years have passed has continued in the work of the fields, meeting with well merited success by reason of his carefully directed labor, keen discrimination in business affairs and unfaltering perse­verance. He has also been a local preacher since 1885 and has been an earnest worker in behalf of the church. He continued to reside in Page County until 1895, when he removed to Indianola for the. purpose of educating his chil­dren. Here he has a good home property and is most pleasantly located.
Unto Mr. and Mrs. Howser have been born two sons and a daughter: O. C., the eldest, is a graduate of Simpson College and is now located in Poinsett County, Arkansas, where he follows farming and stock-raising. He was married in Indianola to Miss Mary Cook and they have a large farm of sixteen hundred acres, which is owned by his father, Robert C., and which is largely devoted to the raising of cotton. They employ forty cotton pickers in the season and the business is proving profitable. Robert E. Howser. the second son also attended Simpson College, is a graduate of the law de­partment of the Northwestern University at Chicago and is practicing law in that city, having been associated with Baldwin Brothers, attorneys, since 1904. He was married in Indianola to Miss Vivian Brackney, a daughter of Joseph Brackney of Indianola and they have one child, Elizabeth. Olive Jessie, the only daughter of Mr. and Mrs. R. C. Howser was graduated from the high school of Indianola in 1908.
Rev. Howser has preached in this locality as a local minister for about ten years and he yet occasionally fills a pulpit.  He has always given his political support to the Republican Party where questions of national or state importance are involved, but at local elections when there is no issue before the people, he votes independently. He has been road supervisor, township clerk and school director, filling all of those posi­tions in Page County. He has frequently been a delegate to the Republican county conventions and has also been a delegate to the Sunday school conven­tions at Des Moines. Almost throughout his entire life he has been connected with the Methodist Episcopal Church, of which his wife is also a member and in the Sunday school work they have taken an active and helpful interest. Mr. Howser came to Iowa when a young man and has here reared his family, witnessing the development of the state as the years have gone by and it has been transformed from a frontier district into one of the richest state in the Union, leading all others in the production of corn and in the number and character of its public schools. Of her record in other ways Iowa citizens may well be proud and at all times Mr. Howser has given his aid and his influence in support of those measures which are a matter of civic virtue and civic pride and promote the welfare of the commonwealth.

D. W. Husted wide-awake, alert and enterprising, is successfully conduct­ing a drug business in Indianola. He came to this city in 1888 and opened a drug store, which he has now conducted for twenty years. He not only enjoys a good local trade but covers the state with a line of proprietary goods of his own manufacture, conducting both a wholesale and retail business. He has also the largest prescription business in the county. He has been very successful in his undertakings, as is indicated by the large stock of goods which he carries in a well appointed store on the north side of the square. He is a liberal advertiser and an enterprising, up-to-date merchant, who well merits the trade which he enjoys and which he has won through honorable, progressive business methods.
Mr. Husted is married and has two children who are in school. He is well known in the business circles of Indianola, where for twenty years he has figured as a leading merchant.
[According to the 1900 Federal Census, city of Indianola, Washington Township, Warren County, Iowa, p.175A, family of David W. Husted, David Husted was born in Missouri on August 1859, married to Mattie L. around 1893, and have two sons: David W. and Ord O., both born in Iowa.]

The farming and stock-raising interests of Warren County are well repre­sented by James A. Hyde, who is living on section 28, Lincoln Township, where he owns and cultivates eighty acres of land. This constitutes a neat and well improved farm and the work which Mr. Hyde does year after year is manifest in the excellent appearance of the place, the fields being under a high state of cultivation, while substantial improvements have been made that indicate his careful supervision and progressive spirit. He is numbered among the honored pioneers, having lived here continuously since 1852. His birth occurred in Guernsey County, Ohio, July 12, 1839.
His father, John A. Hyde, was born in Ireland and was one of the pio­neers of Ohio, where he married Miss Martha Ann Adair, who was born at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. He was a farmer in Ohio for some years and in 1852 came to Iowa, making the trip down the Ohio River on the boat, Golden Era and thence up the Mississippi to Davenport. He located first in Scott County, where he farmed for four years, and then removed to Clinton County, settling near Dewitt. He entered a tract of land from the government in 1853 and began the arduous task of developing a new farm. He had no neighbors nearer than two or three miles. It is a work of much difficulty to break the sod and prepare the land for the first planting, but with char­acteristic energy Mr. Hyde continued his work and as a result his fields soon brought forth rich and abundant harvests. He became one of the influential residents of the community, served on the first board of supervisors and was justice of the peace. He died in 1861, while his wife survived him for a num­ber of years.
James A. Hyde was reared to manhood in Clinton County, no event of special importance occurring to vary the routine of farm life for him in his boy­hood and youth. He was married in that County on Thanksgiving Day of 1866 to Miss Mary J. Irwin, who was born in Belmont County, Ohio, February 12, 1839, but was reared in Monmouth, Illinois. After their marriage they located on a farm near Dewitt and Mr. Hyde continued to cultivate the fields there for several years. Eventually, however, he sold out and bought where he now resides, coming to Warren County in 1873, and becoming owner of eight acres. It was an old farm and the buildings were dilapidated, but he at once began the work of improvement and the original house was replaced by a substantial and neat residence. He also put up a good barn, planted an orchard, fenced the fields and in fact made many modern improvements and in connection with the tilling of the soil began the raising of stock. He has made a specialty of raising heavy draft horses and in fact has carried on an extensive business in this line, some of his animals selling as high as two hundred and fifty dollars. He has also raised high-grade cattle and hogs and is an enterprising and prosperous agriculturist.
Mr. and Mrs. Hyde have three daughters and one son: Joseph E., who is married and now follows farming in Lincoln Township; Martha E., at home; Della, the wife of Zade Wheeler, of this County; and Minnie M., the wife of Albert Wheeler, a farmer of this county. They also lost a son, John Edwin, who died in infancy.  In his political views Mr. Hyde is a republican, but without desire for office as a reward for party fealty. He has for years been identified with the schools and served as president of the board for a long period. The cause of education finds in him a stalwart friend and he is, moreover, a man of high purpose whose life has been actuated by the most honorable principles.  Both he and his wife are members of the United Presbyterian Church of Indianola and in the work of church and Sunday school take an active and helpful part. The integrity of his purpose and the reliability of his business methods have never been called into question. Men who know him trust him and he has a wide acquaintance among the best citizens of the county, whose respect he merits and receives.

In recording the history of the lives of the permanent residents of War­ren County it is interesting to note that the settlements, in the great majority of instances, date no farther back than to the parents of the present occupants of the land, and the life history of Jehiel Francis Hylton is no exception to this general rule. His father, Nathaniel Hylton, was born in Floyd County, Vir­ginia on March 27. 1811. In early life he removed from Virginia to Indiana, and in 1857 drove a team and wagon, accompanied by his wife and four chil­dren, to this county, locating from the government one hundred and sixty acres of land in section 17, Virginia Township. Here he spent the remainder of his days, passing away on July 25, 1882, a few months over seventy-one years of age. While a resident of Indiana he was married to Miss Seytha Tincher, who was a native of Clark County, Kentucky, where she was born on the 10th of January 1826. She survived her husband by fourteen years and died on the old homestead on March 30, 1896. Like her husband she was a loyal member of the Methodist Church, the faith of which she embraced when quite young. Of the father it has been said he was never known to turn a deaf ear to the needy, his own privations and hardships experienced during the pioneer days having taught him to be merciful and charitable. Three of their children are still living, namely: Benjamin A., who lives on the old homestead; J. S., who resides at Lorimor, Iowa; and Jehiel Francis, of this review.
Jehiel Francis Hylton was born in Hendricks County, Indiana, August 11. 1848. He was, therefore, in his tenth year when his parents undertook the journey overland from Indiana to Iowa. He is indebted to the public schools of his native state for his education, to which he has added the practical knowledge and experience of an active and busy life. When twenty-five years of age he purchased forty acres of slightly improved land, upon which he undertook to make a livelihood and a competence. That he has been success­ful in this undertaking is attested by the fact that he still continues to re­side thereon, although he has added to his holdings until he now owns two hun­dred acres of land with all the necessary improvements.
In 1873 Mr. Hylton was married to Miss Hettie Joseph, who died ten years later leaving three children: Carl, Eddis and Ida.  Carl, who was a farmer of Virginia Township, died in November, 1906, leaving a widow, for­merly Miss Riley. Eddis is a telegraph operator. Ida is the wife of James Boyles, a farmer in Clarke County, Iowa. In 1889 was celebrated the marriage of Mr. Hylton and Miss Carrie Fassauer, the daughter of John and Margaret (Diehl) Fassauer, who came from Ohio in January, 1857, and to Warren County, Iowa, in 1884. Mrs. Hylton was born in Ohio. Her father has passed away, but her mother is still living and resides with her mother in Indianola. Unto Mr. and Mrs. Hylton have been born three children: Charles, Ralph and Wynne, all of whom reside at home with their parents. In politics Hylton is a staunch Republican and is now serving his party for the third term as township trustee.