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THE 8th IOWA CAVALRY

The 8th Iowa Cavalry was organized under special authority of the War Department on April 6, 1863. The 12 companies of the 8th Iowa Cavalry were ordered into quarters near Davenport at Camp Roberts by Iowa Governor KIRKWOOD between August 13 to September 1, 1863. Lieutenant Colonel William N. GRIER of the U.S. Army mustered the 8th into service. The 8th Iowa Cavalry was the most popular regiment of the soldiers who enliasted with the number of volunteers out-numbering what could be accepted into service.

ENGAGEMENTS:

  • Battle of Resaca was a part of the Atlanta Campaign, waged in both Gordon and Whitfield Counties of Georgia from May 13 to May 15 of 1864. The battle ended inconclusively with no advantage to neither side.

  • Battle of Kennesaw Mountain was a part of the Altanta Campaign and found on June 27, 1864 southwest of Kennesaw Mountain near Marietta, Goergia. It was a rare Confederate victory during the Atlanta Campaign, however after the battle both sides sat at a stalemate. Historians have judged General William T. SHERMAN's attack as a futile waste of lives against the firmy entrenched Confederate forces. SHERMAN believed that his actions were justified because he proved to Genearl JOHNSTON that he was not afraid to fight.

  • 2nd Battle of Franklin was a part of the Franklin-Nashville Campaign and was fought at Franklin, Tennessee, on November 30, 1864, The Battle of Franklin was one of the worst disasters for the CSA, losing six generals who were either killed or mortally wounded, eight wounded, and on captured along with 53 regimental commanders who were casualties, 1,750 men killed and 3,800 who were wounded. Subsequent loss at the Battle of Nashville on December 15 and 16, 1864, was the beginning of the end for Confederate John Bell HOOD's Army of Tennessee as a fighting force. More of General HOOD's men were killed in five hours at Franklin than in the two-day Battle of Shiloh.

  • Battle of Nashville, a part of the Franklin-Nashville Campain, was fought at Nashville, Tennessee, on December 15 and 16, 1864. The Battle of Nashville was one of the largest Union victories of the Civil War. As a result of the Battle of Nashville, the second largest Confederate force, the Army of Tennessee, was destroyed, never to fight again.

    The 8th Iowa Cavalry suffered the loss of 15 enlisted men who were either killed in action or who died of their wounds; 3 officers and 176 enlisted men who died of disease; a total loss of 194 fatalities.

    Battle of Nashville, Union Outer Line, December 16, 1864
    SOURCE: Library of Congress

     

    ROSTER of the 8th IOWA CAVALRY

    COMPANY A - RINGGOLD COUNTY SOLDIERS

    BURNS, George W., Captain, Age 30 from Clarinda, Iowa; nativity - Ohio. Appointed Captain on August 6, 1863; mustered into service on September 30, 1863. Taken prisoner near Atlanta, Georgia on July 30, 1864. Returned to Company Nov. 16, 1864. Promoted First Battalion Major Aug. 22, 1865; not mustered. Mustered out Aug. at Macon, Georgia on November 13, 1865. Promoted 1st Battalion Major on August 22, 1865; not mustered into service. Mustered out at Davenport, Iowa, on August 13, 1865.

    MARVIN, Reuben W., 1st Lieutenant. Age 40 from Sidney, Iowa; nativity - Pennsylvania. Appointed 1st Lieutenant on August 6, 1863; mustered into service on September 30, 1863. Promoted Captain in August of 1865; not mustered. Mustered out of service on August 13, 1865 at Macon, Georgia.

    LINDERMAN, Charles, 2nd Lieutenant. Age 30 from Clarinda, Iowa; nativity - New York. Appointed 2nd Lieutenant on August 6, 1863; mustered into service on September 30, 1863. Promoted to 1st Lieutenant in August of 1865; not mustered. Mustered out of service on August 13, 1865 at Macon, Georgia.

      STREET, William, Mount Ayr, Iowa. Nativity - Indiana. Enlisted at the age of 26 as a Private on July 2, 1863; mustered into service on July 2, 1863. Discharged from service at Madison, Indiana on June 12, 1865.

     

    ROSTER of the 8th IOWA CAVALRY

    COMPANY D - RINGGOLD COUNTY SOLDIERS

    HOPKINS, Lovene, Captain. Age 39 from Mount Ayr, Iowa; nativity - North Carolina. Appointed Captain on September 30, 1863; mustered into service on September 30, 1863. Resigned for disability July 14, 1864. See Company G, Fourth Infantry.

    HARDIN, Jacob D., 1st Lieutenant. Age 28 from Chariton, Iowa; nativity - Ohio. Appointed 1st Lieutenant on September 30, 1863; mustered into service on September 30, 1863. Promoted Captain July 15, 1864. Resigned on January 11, 1865.

    POWER, John C., 2nd Lieutenant. Age 22 from Burlington, IA; nativity - Ohio. Appointed 2 Lieutenant on September 30, 1863; mustered into service on September 30, 1863. Promoted 1t Lieutenant July 15, 1864. Taken prisoner July 30, 1864 at Newnan, Georgia. Promoted to Captain January 29, 1865, Resigned March 21, 1865.

      ABARR, William, Mount Ayr, Iowa. Enlisted at the age of 19 as a Private on July 23, 1863; mustered into service on July 23, 1863. Died of disease at Jeffersonville, Indiana on October 27, 1863. Interment at National Cemetery, New Albany, Indiana, Section B, grave 527.

    ANDREWS, Henry C., Mount Ayr, Iowa. Enlisted as a Private at the age of 18 on July 11, 1863; mustered into service on July 11, 1863. Taken prisoner at Newnan, Georgia, on July 30, 1864. Mustered out of service at Annapolis, Maryland on June 23, 1865.

    BEAR, John, Mount Ayr, Iowa. Nativity - Pennsylvania. Enlisted as a Private at the age of 24 on August 17, 1863; mustered into service on August 17, 1863. Mustered out of service at Davenport, Iowa on May 27, 1865

    BENSON, James, Mount Ayr, Iowa. Nativity - Illinois. Enlisted at the age of 21 as a Private on August 2, 1863; mustered into service on August 2, 1863. taken prisoner at Newnan, Georgia, on July 30, 1864; escaped from Andersonville, Georgia. Promoted to Full 8th Corporal on March 3, 1865; promoted to Full 4th Corporal on July 15, 1865. Mustered out of service at Macon, Georgia on August 13, 1865.

    BOYER, John, Mount Ayr, Iowa. Nativity - Ohio. Enlisted as a Private at the age of 18 on August 7, 1863; mustered into service on August 7, 1863. Died of disease at Nashville, Tennessee on April 14, 1864. Interment at National Cemetery, Nashville, Tennessee, Section P, grave 445.

    CONLEY, Elijah, Mount Ayr, Iowa. Nativity - Indiana. Enlisted as a Private at the age of 26 on August 17, 1863; mustered into service on August 17, 1863. Taken prisoner July 30, 1864 at Newnan, Georgia. Died of disease at St. Louis, Missouri on May 29, 1865. Interment at Arsenal Island, St. Louis, Missouri.

    CONLEY, William, Mount Ayr, Iowa. Nativity - Indiana. Enlisted as a Private at the age of 25 on July 11, 1863; mustered into service on July 11, 1863. Mustered out of service at Macon, Georgia on August 13, 1865.

    CULVER, William , Mount Ayr, Iowa. Nativity - Vermont. Enlisted at the age of 29 as a 5th Sergeant on July 14, 1863; mustered into service on July 14, 1863. Died of disease as a P.O.W. at Macon, Georgia on October 2, 1864. Interment at National Cemetery, Andersonville, Georgia.

    GREGORY, Thomas, Mount Ayr, Iowa. Nativity - Iowa. Enlisted as a 3rd Sergeant at the age of 20 on July 11, 1863; mustered into service on July 11, 1863. Promoted to Full 1st Sergeant on March 3, 1865. Mustered out of service at Macon, Georgia on August 13, 1865.

    HOPKINS, Lovene, Mount Ayr, Iowa. Nativity - North Carolina. Enlisted at the age of 39 as a Captain on September 30, 1863; commissioned on September 30, 1863 to Company D of the 8th Cavalry. Resigned due to disability on July 14, 1864.

    HUFF, John, Mount Ayr, Iowa. Nativity - Indiana. Enlisted at the age of 23 as a 1st Sergeant on July 15, 1863; mustered into service on July 14, 1863. Promoted to Full 2nd Lieutenanat on January 29, 1865; promoted to Full 1st Lieutenant on June 24, 1865. Taken prisoner at Newnan, Georgia, on July 30, 1864. Mustered out of service at Macon, Georgia on August 13, 1865.

    HUNTER, John, Mount Ayr, Iowa. Nativity - Tennessee. Enlisted at the age of 35 as a Private on July 9, 1863; mustered into service on July 9, 1863. Mustered out of service at Nashville, Tennessee on July 25, 1865.

    JOHN, Mordecai, Mount Ayr, Iowas Ntivity - Pennsylvania. Enlisted at the age of 22 as a Bugler on July 29, 1863; mustered into service on July 28, 1863. Taken prisoner at Newnan, Georgia, on July 30, 1864. Mustered out of service at Davenport, Iowa on May 31, 1865.

    KELLER, Benjamin, Mount Ayr, Iowa. Nativity - Ohio. Enlisted as a Private at the age of 18 on July 14, 1863; mustered into service on July 14, 1862. Mustered out of service at Davenport, Iowa on May 17, 1865

    KIRKHAM, Orlando, Mount Ayr, Iowa. Nativity - Ohio. Enlisted at the age of 21 as a Private on July 28, 1863; mustered into service on July 28, 1863. Taken prisoner at Newnan, Georgia, on August 13, 1864/ Mustered out of service at Macon, Georgia on August 13, 1865.

    KIRHAM, Rodolphus, Mount Ayr, Iowa. Nativity - New York. Enlisted at the age of 34 as a Private on July 28, 1863; mustered into service on July 28, 1863. Wounded at Atlanta, Georgia, on July 22, 1864. Mustered out of service at Macon, Georgia on August 13, 1865.

    McMULLEN, William, Mount Ayr, Iowa. Nativity - Ohio. Enlisted at the age of 18 as a Private on August 5, 1863; mustered into service on August 5, 1863. Mustered out of service at Macon, Georgia on August 13, 1865.

    MORRISON, George, M.D., Mount Ayr, Iowa. Nativity - Pennsylvania. Enlisted at the age of 18 as a Private on August 8, 1863; mustered into service on August 8, 1863. Taken prisoner at Newnan, Georgia, on July 30, 1864. Mustered out of service at Annapolis, Maryland on June 27, 1865.

    NOBLES, Giles, Mount Ayr, Iowa. Nativity - Ohio. Enlisted at the age of 22 as a Private on July 31, 1863; mustered into service on July 31, 1863. Mustered out of service at Macon, Georgia on August 13, 1865.

    ROSS, McKendree, Mount Ayr, Iowa. Nativity - Iowa. Enlisted as 8th Corporal at the age of 18 on July 28, 1863; mustered into service on July 28, 1863. Promoted to Full 6th Corporal on October 1, 1864. Mustered out of service at Macon, Georgia on August 13, 1865.

    RUBY, Addison, Mount Ayr, Iowa. Nativity - Illinois. Enlisted as a Private at the age of 23 on July 25, 1863; mustered into service on July 25, 1863. Promoted to Full 8th Corporal on October 1, 1864; promoted to Full 6th Corporal on January 10, 1865; promoted to Full 5th Corporal on February 22, 1865; promoted to Full 6th Sergeant on March 3, 1865; promoted to Full 4th Sergeant on July 15, 1865. Mustered out of service at Macon, Georgia on August 13, 1865.

    b>RUBY, Boanerges, Mount Ayr, Iowa. Nativity - Kentucky. Enlisted at the age of 42 as a Private on July 25, 1863; mustered into service on July 25, 1863. Mustered out of service at Macon, Georgia on August 13, 1865.

    SHAY, Thomas, Mount Ayr, Iowa. Nativity - Ireland. Enlisted at the age of 31 as a Private on July 4, 1863; mustered into service on July 4, 1863. Mustered out of service at Davenport, Iowa on May 9, 1865.

    SMITH, William, Mount Ayr, Iowa. Nativity - Missouri. Enlisted at the age of 22 as a 7th Corporal on July 3, 1863; mustered into service on July 3, 1863. Deserted at Bowling Green, Kentucky on November 13, 1863.

    THOMPSON, Jesse, Mount Ayr, Iowa. Nativity - Indiana. Enlisted at the age of 18 as a Private on August 7, 1863; mustered into service on August 7, 1863. Taken prisoner at Sipsey River, Alabama, on April 6, `865. Mustered out of service at Macon, Georgia on August 13, 1865.

    TRASK, Cornelius, Mount Ayr, Iowa. Nativity - New York. Enlisted at the age of 18 as a Private on June 20, 1863; mustered into service on June 20, 1863. Mustered out of service at Macon, Georgia on August 13, 1865.

    TRASK, Theodore, (Veteran) Mount Ayr, Iowa. Nativity - New York. Enlisted as a Private at the age of 18 on November 4, 1861 with Company G of the 4th Iowa Infantry; mustered into service on November 4, 1861. Discharged at Batesville, Arkansas on May 16, 1862. Re-enlisted with Company D of the 8th Iowa Cavalry and mustered into service on June 19, 1863. Taken prisoner at Waverly, Tennessee, on December 13, 1863. Mustered out of service at Macon, Georgia on August 13, 1865.

    WEEKS, Peter, Mount Ayr, Iowa. Nativity - Iowa. Enlisted at the age of 20 as a Private on August 17, 1863; mustered into service on October 28, 1863. Mustered out of service at Macon, Georgia on August 13, 1865.

    WILEY, Benjamin, Mount Ayr, Iowa. Nativity - Iowa. Enlisted at the age of 18 as a Private on August 7, 1863; mustered into service on ugust 7, 1863. Died of disease at Waverly, Tennessee on March 10, 1864.

    SOURCES:
    American Civil War Soldiers Database, ancestry.com
    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Nashville
    iagenweb.org/civilwar/books/logan/mil608.htm

    Compiled and transcribed by Sharon R. Becker, May of 2009

    To contribute to Ringgold County's military pages,
    contact Sharon R. Becker at srbecker@windstream.net.
    Please include the word "Ringgold" in the subject line. Thank you.

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    An Iowa GenWeb Special Project, this site promotes the people, events, and genealogy of Iowa Regiments in the Civil War. This project includes a searchable database. To access the home page of Iowa in the Civil War Project, go to: iagenweb.org/civilwar/


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