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Welicome to the 1891 Biographical History of Pottawattamie County

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Wadsworth, Samuel B.

SAMUEL B. WADSWORTH, prominent businessman of Council Bluffs, was born in Grand Detour Township, Ogle County, Illinois, February 22, 1851, and lived with his father, Christopher WADSWORTH, on the old homestead until 1868. He then commenced the study of law in Dixon, Illinois, with the law firm of Eustace, Barge & Dixon, but, after two years’ study, in order to earn a little money, he taught school in the country for the next three years. During the years 1873-75, he attended the Illinois State Normal University, and at the same time acted as night ticket agent for the Illinois Central Railroad at Bloomington, Illinois. In this way, he paid the expenses of his schooling at the university. After leaving the University, he was appointed Superintendent of the schools at Heyworth, Illinois, where he taught for one year, and was then elected Superintendent of the city schools of Oregon, Illinois, which position he held twelve years, and until he was elected Superintendent of schools in Ogle County, Illinois, having defeated the Republican nominee, who had a political majority in his favor of 2,300 votes. After serving for about one year in this latter capacity, he moved to Council Bluffs, Iowa where he still resides.

Mr. WADSWORTH is now acting general manager of the Union Abstract and Trust Company, in which capacity he has won the confidence of the business public. He is also Secretary of the Council Bluffs Board of Trade and one of the Park Commissioners of the city of Council Bluffs. During the year 1883 he traveled extensively in Europe, and on his return was married to Anna E. ETNYRE at Oregon, Illinois, October 11, 1883. Mr. And Mrs. WADSWORTH have two children, viz.: Mary M., born February 17, 1887, and Paul E., born November 12, 1889.

Religiously Mr. WADSWORTH is a Unitarian and in politics is a Democrat; he is the Chairman of the Democratic Central Committee.

Waldo, Mary A.

MRS. MARY A. WALDO, of Crescent City, was born in Windham Co., Vermont, December 24, 1829, the daughter of George W. and Mary(RANDALL) ALLEN, natives also of the Green Mountain State and of Scotch and English ancestry. Mr. ALLEN was a nephew of the noted Ethan ALLEN of Revolutionary fame and his wife was a first cousin of HON. Samuel RANDALL, one of the most eminent statesmen of this nation. Mr. ALLEN was the eldest of 8 children. He grew up and educated himself thoroughly by both book and observation, notwithstanding the literary privations of his youth. On the frontier, he was made familiar with Indians and life among dangerous beasts. He was a farmer during his life, dying in March 1866. In his family were the following ten children: Mary A. whose name heads this sketch; Fannie M., deceased; Edwin G., residing in Hopkinton, Massachusetts; Charles A., living in Marlboro, New Hampshire; Belinda, deceased; Thankful H., now the wife of Fred JOHNSON and residing in Vernon, Vermont; Lucy Augusta, now Mrs. Calvin COOK, and residing also in Vermont; Lydia who married Henry CRANDALL and lives in Worcester, Massachusetts; and James F., resides in Erving, Massachusetts.

Mrs. WALDO was but 15 years of age when she received a certificate and she taught school for one year, although her father was well-to-do and able to support her without her labor; but, being ambitious, she learned the art of cutting and fitting dresses. At the age of 20 years, she married Asa Berry WALDO, November 8, 1849, who was born in Ackworth, New Hampshire, in April 1823. He was a blacksmith for two years, and then came West and joined the Mormons at Nauvoo as they were about to emigrate to Council Bluffs. Here he left them, returned to Vermont, resumed his trade and soon after his marriage settled in Keene, NH. Two years afterward, in the spring of 1852, he came west again, at the time of the emigration of the Mormons across the plains. He visited the principal cities of the West and at length in 1842, he settled at what was then called Carterville; but sickness soon compelled him, after a year and a half of successful business there, to emigrate again; and after numerous changes, he located in Baraboo, Wisconsin, and resided there 8 years; then in 1871, he came to Crescent City, bought property and opened out in business, which he continued until his death, February 5, 1853.

He was a good mechanic, an industrious and energetic man, and had it not been for his roving disposition, he would evidently have been wealthy. He lived well, furnished himself with the best fare. He was independent but active in political matters, aided local institutions, and made a mark in society that will be visible for generations to come. Mrs. WALDO wrote the first notice of the meeting of the district school directors, and taught the first school in the Crescent City district. Being of high literary culture, she has written articles for Eastern journals; has been active in church work and leader of the choir. She has a neat residence at Crescent City. Her children have been: Flora A. and Orpha E., both deceased; Aden M., born October 19, 1854, and residing in Omaha; Orpha E.(2) resides in Mills County, this state; she was born February 17, 1859; Edwin P. and Carrie C. are both deceased.

Walker, Robert F.

ROBERT F. WALKER, a prominent farmer of Pottawattamie County, descended from an old American family of English origin. His grandfather, Martin WALKER, was from Maryland, and settled in Harrison County, Ohio, where he was among the early settlers. His son, Ephraim WALKER, was married in that state, to Mary Ann REARDON, and they were the parents of four children who lived to maturity: John, Jessie, Martin and Robert F. The father was a mason and bricklayer by trade and died in Harrison County, Ohio, at the age of 65 years. Both he and his wife were members of the Methodist Episcopal Church. His first wife died, and he was married to Mary LaPORT, and they had three children: William, Ephraim, and Mary. Mr. WALKER was a well-to-do man, and had three sons in our great Civil War: Jesse in Company I, 17th Illinois Infantry, who was in the battles of Fort Donelson and Shiloh, and many others. He served all through the War, and was re-enlisted as a veteran. Martin was in Company E, 3rd Iowa Volunteer Infantry and died at Raleigh, Missouri, after a service of six months. The father was a stanch Union man.

Robert F. WALKER, the subject of this sketch, was born in Cadiz, Ohio, February 16, 1841, and learned the trade of bricklaying and plastering in early life. In 1862, at the age of 21 years, he enlisted in Company C, 98th Ohio Volunteer Infantry, and served until June 1, 1865, or until the close of the war. He was in the battles of Perryville, Kentucky, Chattanooga, Chickamauga, Jonesborough, Evansborough, Bentonville, Kenesaw Mountain, and was with Sherman at Atlanta, and through to the sea, and was also in a great many skirmishes. He was present at the great return march to Washington, and was mustered out at that place June 1, and honorably discharged at Cleveland, Ohio, June 10, 1865.

After his marriage, in 1865, Mr. WALKER came with his wife to Big Grove (now called Oakland) where he remained until the fall of 1867. In 1868 he settled on 160 acres of wild land in this county, which, assisted by his faithful wife, he converted into a fine farm. He takes an active interest in the schools of his district. He is a member of the G.A.R., William Layton Post, Oakland. Mr. WALKER is one of the pioneers of this part of Pottawattamie County. When he came to his farm, the township was but thinly settled and the Indians visited him several times and often took dinner with him. As a citizen he has done his share in building up his township and county and as a pioneer he stands high and is well known for honesty and industry.

May 8, 1866, he was married to Susan LaPORT, daughter of John L. and Melinda (HARRISON) LaPORT. The father was of French descent and was the grandson of Ephraim LaPORT who came from France before the Revolutionary War and settled in Ohio. His son, Abraham LaPORT, the grandfather of Mrs. WALKER, participated in the War of the Revolution and also that of 1812. he was a farmer of Harrison County, Ohio and was the father of ten children, viz.: Bazer E., Abraham, Isaac, Susan, Barbara E., Ephraim, John, Samuel, William and Charles. The father lived to the great age of 95 years, and his father lived to be over 90 years old. Mr. LaPORT was a member of the Christian Church and was a substantial farmer. He was a man of sterling character, and was much respected by the old pioneers. He was familiar with the Indians and used often to accompany them on their hunting expeditions. His sons were soldiers in the War of 1812. John L. LaPORT, the father of Mrs. WALKER, was a carpenter of Logan County, Ohio, and was married in that State to Melinda HARRISON, daughter of Ephraim HARRISON, a full cousin of General HARRISON of Tippecanoe fame. They were the parents of ten children, namely: Margaret, Mary, Charles, Frank, Eleanor, Emily, Jane and Eliza (twins), Miller and Susan. The father moved to Knightstown, Hancock County, Indiana, where he lived until his death which occurred at the age of sixty years. Both he and his wife were members of the Christian Church, in which he was an elder for many years. He was much respected by his fellow townsmen and served as Justice of the Peace for many years. Mr. And Mrs. WALKER have had five children, viz.: Mabel, now the wife of Emerson FLETCHER, a farmer of Valley Township; Martin, who died at the age of 19; Ephraim, Eva, June, and an adopted son named Claudie. Mrs. WALKER is a member of the Christian Church.

Ware, Emma

, a successful farmer of Walnut Township, has prosperously managed her farm since the death of her husband and has also superintended the education of her children, who are receiving the best of instruction. She believes, as did her husband, that the best fortune parents can bestow upon their children is a good education. Daniel WARE, her husband, was born in Devonshire, England, the son of William and Johanna (GOSS) WARE. They were the parents of three children: William, Daniel and John. The father spent his life in England, but all of his sons came to America.

Daniel came to this country in 1851, in company with his brother John, first settling in the State of New York, where he was engaged in farm work, being then twenty-three years of age. He remained there six years and in 1867 bought land in Cedar County, Iowa, where he was one of the pioneers. He was married in 1871, to Miss Emma GUIER, daughter of John and Ellen (AUSTIN) GUIER, both natives of Pennsylvania, the former of German descent and the latter of English. They also both died in that State. They were the parents of four children whop lived to maturity: Clara, Emma, Ellen and Hannah. To Mr. and Mrs. Ware were born five children: Nellie M., Nettie E., Charles A., Franklin D., and Mary E. After the marriage they settled on a farm in Cedar County, where they remained twelve years and in 1882 settled on a farm near Walnut. They were both members of the Methodist Episcopal Church. Mr. Ware died February 15, 1888. He came to this country with nothing, but by industry and constant effort he has accumulated a handsome property. He was entirely a self-made man, always honorable and upright in his principles and practice and has left to his children a good name, a noble record and a good home. He was an affectionate husband and father and has been sadly missed from the home circle.

Since his death his widow has managed the farm and business with the same systematic success began by her husband. Their children should emulate the example and principles in their lives. They are from good ancestry and the entire family merit the respect of the community, and the children have good reason to honor their mother in her wise and affectionate care of providing for their future welfare.

Ware, William H.

HON. WILLIAM H. WARE OF council Bluffs, attorney and counselor at law and member of the House of Representatives of the State of Iowa for 1890-91, was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, March 3, 1850.

The family of which Mr. WARE is a descendant came to Pennsylvania from England and settled at the latter place prior to the Revolution of 1776 and many of them were soldiers in the American army during the struggle for independence.

When Mr. WARE was a lad, his father with his family removed from Pennsylvania to Illinois, where the subject of this sketch remained until 1869, at which date he came to Iowa. His father was a farmer by occupation and the early life of the subject of this sketch was spent on his father’s farm, and he was engaged in the occupations incident thereto. Soon after coming to Iowa, Mr. WARE was engaged as a teacher in the public schools of that State. In 1874 he removed to Nebraska where he published a paper for a time, returning from the state to Council Bluffs, where he now resides, and is engaged in the practice of the law. He studied law in the office of the late Robert PERCIVAL, and was admitted to practice in the state and federal courts at Council Bluffs in 1880. In 1882 he was married to Miss Ingleetta F. SMITH, a sister of Judge Walter I. SMITH of Council Bluffs. Mr. WARE is an able lawyer and enjoys the confidence and respect of his fellow practitioners. Mr. WARE has always been an advocate of low tariff and has been for a number of years an active member of the Democratic party. In 1889, he was elected as a Democrat, to represent Pottawattamie County in the 23rd General Assembly of the State of Iowa. His term of office will expire in 1891.

Waterman, E. T.

E.T. WATERMAN, carriage manufacturer at 43 to 47 North Main Street, established himself there in 1884, erecting a building 32 X 80 feet and three stories high. He manufactures all kinds of carriages, wagons, etc. and does repairing, employing a force of ten men. He was born in 1843 in Branch County, Michigan, the son of N.T. and C.A. (KNAPP) WATERMAN, the father now deceased and the mother a resident of Grand Rapids, that state. They were natives respectively of Rhode Island and New York. Mr. WATERMAN, our subject, began to work in the smithing department of the carriage maker's trade, at the age of 16 years, at Coldwater, Michigan. He moved thence to Grand Rapids thence to Illinois, afterward to Milwaukee, and in 1879 to Council Bluffs, where he has since made his home with the exception of one year in Omaha. He worked as a journeyman for about ten years, and he began for himself without capital, but now he has a factory valued at $10,000, carries $5,000 to $6,000 worth of stock, and his sales annually amount to about $20,000. Being a zealous Democrat, he has taken an intelligent part in the public welfare. In 1888-89, he was a member of the City Council. He is a member of Lodge No. 49 I.O.O.F. and is one of the best citizens of the place. He was married in October 1881 to Miss Cora I. HAGGERTY, daughter of Charles E. and E.M. HAGGERTY, and born in Council Bluffs in 1860. They have one child, Bessie.

Way, W. J.

W. J. WAY, of the firm of W.J. Way & Co., general merchants at Carson, has been a successful businessman by his own tact and energy, and also by his social manner, he has won for himself many warm friends. He commenced here in Carson in 1880, on a small scale, as a pioneer merchant at this point, and he forced prosperity upon his path. His present large and commodious building, erected in the fall of 1889, is 36 X 120 feet in ground area, the first story being fifteen feet high, and here the firm carry a stock of $15,000 to $20,000 worth of goods, doing a business of $20,000 to $40,000 annually.

Mr. WAY was born in Menard County, Illinois, October 11, 1860, a son of T.B. and N.J. (COX) WAY, father of English ancestry. His mother was a native of Bonaparte, Iowa. When the subject of this sketch was a small lad, his father engaged in business at Indian Creek, Illinois, and later moved to Winterset, Iowa. At the age of 17 ye took charge of his father’s store at Chandlerville, Cass County, and still later he was at Clarinda, Page County, and from that point he moved to Carson, in connection with his extensive mercantile business. He is also operating a large brick-yard.

He was married December 8, 1882, at Glenwood, Iowa, to Miss Vesta HEAD, a daughter of Captain T. H. HEAD, who is a prominent citizen of Glenwood. She is a lady of more than ordinary culture, as she graduated at the age of fifteen years at the Glenwood High School. Mr. And Mrs. Way’s children are Leo C., Lynn D., and Philip. In politics, Mr. WAY is a Republican and in religion a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church at Carson.

Weak, Alvin L.

ALVIN L. WEAK, a substantial farmer of James Township, Pottawattamie County, is descended from an old American family of Dutch descent. George WEAK, grandfather of Alvin L., was of English descent and moved from Pennsylvania to Ross County, Ohio, at a very early day. His son, Benjamin Miller WEAK, the father of our subject, was born on a farm in Ross County, Ohio, and was married to Julia A. STAGGS, and they were the parents of thirteen children, viz.: Melissa A. and Melitia, twins; Albin L., our subject; Theresa, James A., Emma, Maria H. and Sarah, twins, Francis and Georgie, twins, Lewis, and two twins who died in infancy. Six of the children grew to maturity, the remainder dying in infancy. James A. was in an Iowa regiment in the late War and died at Little Rock, Arkansas. The father lived in Ross County, Ohio, for many years and then removed to Fulton County, Illinois. In 1854, he came to Clinton County, Iowa, where he was among the early settlers. He is still living in Mills County, Iowa, at the age of seventy years. He has served as Justice of the Peace, and has the respect and confidence of the people. The mother of these children died in 1860 in Clarke County, Iowa.

Alvin L. WEAK, our subject, was born on a farm in Ross County, July 13, 1844, and was but three years of age when his parents moved to Illinois, and but ten years old when they came to Iowa. He came to Pottawattamie County in 1866, and in 1871 he bought his present farm of 102 acres. It was then wild prairie land, but he has since converted it into a fine farm. Socially, he is a Mason, being a member of the lodge at Oakland. He was married in Missouri, in 1879, to Maria A. DAWSON, who was born at Oskaloosa, Iowa, daughter of John N. and Mary A. (MOAT) DAWSON.

John N. DAWSON was born in Ohio, May 16, 1823, and August 3, 1845, he married Miss Mary A. MOAT, who was also born in Ohio, February 23, 1831. Their children were: Hiram C., born September 23, 1846; Phylinda E., September 25, 1849; Anna E., October 9, 1851; Julius C., December 18, 1853; Maria A., August 23, 1856; Mary A., February 4, 1859; Irena C., June 21, 1861; Lienary B., February 27, 1866; and John A., June 24, 1871. Hiram served a time in the civil war in Sherman's regiment. Mr. DAWSON moved with his family to Barton County, Missouri and died from the effect of being thrown against a sugar cane grinding machine by a span of horses running away, in Ozark Township, that county, on Monday, September 16, 1878, one of the oldest and most respected citizens of that county. He was a member of the United Baptist Church, a good neighbor and a kind husband and father. By his death, he left a widow and eight children to mourn his loss. His widow is still living in Liberal Township, that county.

Mr. And Mrs. WEAK had six children, namely: Julius A., born Wednesday, March 17, 1880; Lewis L., Tuesday, May 9, 1882; Leroy Monroe, Friday, January 18, 1884; James A., Saturday, August 22, 1885; George Rosco, Monday, October 10, 1887; and Flora A., Monday, February 10, 1890. Monroe, Rosco and Flora are still living; the others died in infancy.

Weaver, John P. F.

JOHN P.F. WEAVER, contractor and builder, brick manufacturer, president of the Globe Publishing Company, and vice-president of the Ogden Iron Works, is one of the most enterprising men of Council Bluffs.

Mr. WEAVER was born in Adams County, Pennsylvania, September 7, 1846, and was reared near Gettysburg. His parents, J.G. and Maria (FISHER) WEAVER, were both natives of Pennsylvania. He traces his family history back five generations on both sides, the original ancestors being German and English. Both parents are still living at the old home in Adams County, Pennsylvania. John P.F. was reared on a farm and by virtue of his father being a plasterer he learned that trade.

At the age of seventeen, Mr. WEAVER entered the service of his country, enlisting in February 1863, in Company H, 21st Pennsylvania Cavalry and served till the close of the war. He was mustered out at Lynchburg, Virginia, and received his discharge at Harrisburg, July 14, 1865. Mr. WEAVER was in seventeen engagements, at the siege of Petersburg, and in fact all the principal battles from 1863 until the close of the war. The war over, he returned to his old home and there engaged in agricultural pursuits until the spring of 1866. Then he completed his trade. May 31, 1869, he started west, landing in Council Bluffs on the 4th of June. He has since made this city his home. In 1870 he entered into a partnership with George A. JACOBS, with whom he was associated until the fall of 1876, when Mr. JACOBS withdrew from the company. Mr. WEAVER continued the business alone, and as time moved along he gradually enlarged his operations and made many other business ventures, meeting with decided success in all his undertakings. He has been in the brick business since 1880, now manufacturing from 3,000,000 to 4,000,000 brick annually, employing an average of fifty men and doing a $50,000 business. In December 1888, he entered into partnership with Thomas BOWMAN in the Globe Publishing Company, he being the president. In 1887 he associated himself with the Ogden Iron Works of which he is vice president. Mr. WEAVER was one of the founders of the Council Bluffs Canning Works, also one of the founders of the Council Bluffs Driving Park, and is a member of the Board of Trade. He is a stanch Democrat and during the years 1888-89 was a member of the city council. He is a member of the IOOF No. 184, Hawkeye Lodge.

Mr. WEAVER was married May 1, 1878 to Miss Mary HILFERTY, who was born May 6, 1856. He father, Charles HILFERTY, came to Iowa when she was quite young and she was reared in this state. Mr. And Mrs. WEAVER have four children: Laura, May, Howard and John, all at home.

Mr. WEAVER is a self-made man in every respect; his education was obtained through his own efforts and his success is due to his honesty, pluck, and perseverance.

Weeks, Frank G.

FRANK G. WEEKS, the present editor and publisher of the Carson "Critic," was born near Dixon, Illinois, March 29, 1857, the son of George P. WEEKS, a native of New Hampshire, and later a resident of Illinois. His wife, Philena (POTTER) WEEKS, was born in Kennebec County, Maine, but previous to her marriage had resided in New Hampshire. In 1872 the family moved to Iowa, settling in Macedonia, now Carson Township, where they still reside. At the time of settlement the county was still in its pioneer period, and the settlers where compelled to undergo many of the hardships and privations of the frontier live. The family still resides on the home farm, which is located two miles directly east of Carson. One son, Osmon B. WEEKS, is one of the progressive and successful farmers of the county and two daughters, May and Janet, also reside at home.

An attendance of two or three months of each year at the district schools constituted the entire educational advantages afforded the subject of this sketch. This he supplemented, however, by the reading of such books and papers as he was able to borrow, or as his limited means would enable him to buy. When his services were not needed at home, he herded cattle on the prairies, worked for neighboring farmers, and in fact followed the routine of a boy on a farm. In 1880 the building of the railroad from the Botna Valley, and the location of the towns of Carson, Oakland and Macedonia opened a new era for that country, and in the advantages thus afforded he shared equally with all others. In that year he assisted Julian & McManima in the establishment of the Carson "Fairdealer," working in their interest until he became convinced that the personal policy of the publishers was decidedly at variance with the somewhat pretentious title of the paper. His father's death occurring in the spring of 1881, he assumed charge of the farm, in which he continued until the winter of 1886-'87, when he purchased an interest in and assumed the management of the Carson " Critic", in the publication of which he is still engaged. The success in this, while in no way phenomenal, has been very satisfactory, the paper enjoying an unusually good local patronage and maintaining an excellent standing with the press of the district. While in no sense a politician, Mr. Weeks has always taken an active interest in political matters, both on a local and general nature. Always an avowed supporter of the principles of the Republican Party, his political efforts have been along the line of its advancement.

Wells, Lucius

LUCIUS WELLS is of the firm of Deere, Wells & Co., wholesale dealers in agricultural implements, wagons, and vehicles, being the leading and the largest house of the kind in the Northwest, and one of the largest in the whole country, and as such deserves special notice here. The firm is made up of Deere & Co. and the Moline Wagon Company, both of Moline, Illinois, and Mr. WELLS, who is resident partner. The former company are proprietors of the John Deere Plow Works, which were founded by John DEERE in 1847, and is the largest steel plow works in the world. John DEERE was the pioneer of steel plow makers, hammering the first steel plow out of saw steel, and was the founder of the Grand De Tour Plow Works, which establishment he left when locating at Moline. The Moline Wagon Company have one of the largest factories of the kind in the country. The house of Deere, Wells & Co. was established November 1, 1881, and was the pioneer of the many establishments of the kind whose aggregate business at this time makes Council Bluffs the second largest implement center in the northwest.

Mr. Wells was born February 9, 1845, near Moline, Illinois, and spent his early days on the farm. After receiving a common school education, he attended Lombard University at Galesburg, Illinois, taking an elective course. Upon leaving that institution, he took a position with Deere & Co. and continued with them for a period of 14 years, contributing his mite toward building up that great business, and during that time saw the establishment double its capacity no less than three times. He has been a resident of Council Bluffs since the opening of the house of Deere, Wells & Co. in 1881, and to his untiring energy and business management is due the success of the business.

Mr. Wells is known in the West as an active businessman who believes that “whatever is worth doing at all is worth doing well” and acts upon that principle.

His ancestors on his father’s side were English, who left the old country in the latter part of the 17th century and settled in Connecticut. His ancestors on his mother’s side were Scotch-English and settled in New England before the Revolutionary War. His great-grandfathers on both sides were soldiers under George Washington. His father, whose name also was Lucius WELLS, was born in Windham County, Vermont, in 1803, and his mother in Genesee County, New York, in 1808, they both emigrating with their parents to Wayne County, Illinois, in 1823, and were married there in 1825. They soon after removed to northern Illinois, locating in what is now Rock Island County, and in that removal passed nearly the entire length of the state of Illinois through a country inhabited only by wild animals and Indians. His father died at the homestead in Rock Island County, in 1875, after celebrating their golden wedding. His mother is, at this writing (March 1891), enjoying good health at the age of 83.

Mr. WELLS was married March 26, 1868, to Miss Martha A. WADSWORTH of Dixon, Illinois, whose parents came from Maryland and were of German ancestry. Mr. And Mrs. Wells have two daughters: Miss Eunice M., aged 20 years, and Cherrie, aged 7 years.

Wells, William S.

WILLIAM S. WELLS, of Hardin Township, section 29, came to this county in the spring of 1873, where he has since resided. He was born in Brown County, Ohio, April 16, 1837, the son of John WELLS, who was born in New Jersey, October 14, 1810, the son of Isaiah WELLS, who was born in Wales. Our subject's mother's name before marriage was Phoebe SOPER, and she was born in New Jersey, the daughter of one of the first settlers in that State. John WELLS lived in New Jersey seven or eight years, and then his parents moved to Ohio, settling in Clermont County, May 28, 1817, being the first settlers in that portion of the State. His father died there at the age of sixty-five or seventy years, and his mother at the age of seventy-five or eighty. He was married in Brown County, when twenty-one years of age, to Miss Rachel B. LONG, who was born in Pennsylvania, the daughter of Thomas and Elizabeth (IKER) LONG, the former a native of New Jersey, and the latter of Pennsylvania, of Dutch ancestry. John WELLS reared seven children, having lost one by death, viz: Thomas who lives in Illinois, near Vandalia; he served in the Forty-eighth Ohio Infantry; Samuel, who resides in Marion County, Iowa; William S., of Pottawattamie County; Erasmus D., of Madison County, Nebraska, who served in the Third Iowa Infantry; John F., of the same place, who served in the Fifteenth Iowa Infantry; Francis Lewis, of Madison County, Nebraska and David, of Sacramento Valley, California. Mrs. Rachel LONG WELLS died in 1881, having lived with her husband for fifty years and one month. John WELLS is a man 80 years of age, and well preserved. Politically he was formerly a Whig, but is now a Republican. He has been a member of the Methodist Church for fifty years, and a class-leader in the same for many years.

William S. WELLS, our subject, was reared in Ohio, and when nineteen years of age his family moved to Marion County, Iowa, in 1855. He afterward returned to Ohio, where he enlisted in the army, in August 1864, in the Forty-eighth Ohio Volunteers. He served one year, and was in the battle of Fort Blakely. He was honorably discharged and returned to Ohio, and afterward moved to Marion County, Iowa, where he lived until 1873, when he came to Pottawattamie County, Kane Township, now Hardin Township. He bought the land where he now lives, consisting of 120 acres, which he has since improved. He was married May 11, 1864, to Miss Mary L. THOMPSON, who was born in Clermont County, Ohio, the daughter of Alexander and Nancy (WOOD) THOMPSON, the former was born in Virginia, of German ancestry, and the latter was born in Clermont County, Ohio, whose ancestors were from the Carolinas. Mr. and Mrs. WELLS have two children: Harry T. and Nannie A. Mr. WELLS is a Republican politically, and is a member of G.A.R. of Bradford Post. He is a man yet in the prime of life, frank and cordial in his manner, and honorable in all his dealings, and is one of Hardin Township's representative citizens.

West, Howard S.

HOWARD S. WEST is a leading dentist of Council Bluffs where he has been engaged in the practice of his profession since March 1882. He was born at West Fairlee, Orange County, Vermont, in January 1854. His father, Leavit WEST, still lives in that place. He pursued the study of medicine at Chelsea, Vermont; entering upon the practice of his profession he pursued the same for a number of years, when, desiring to qualify himself more thoroughly in his profession, he entered the Dental Department of the University of Michigan, where he graduated in 1880. After his graduation, he spent some time in the South, pursuing his profession at New Orleans and also at St. Louis, locating, as already stated, at Council Bluffs, in 1882. Dr. WEST has a large practice and employs two assistants.

He was married in this city to Miss Minerva L. LANGDON, who is a capable and valuable assistant to her husband in his profession. She has had much experience, and holds a license from the State Board of Examiners. Dr. WEST and wife have two children, a son and a daughter.

Westcott, John Henry

JOHN HENRY WESTCOTT of Council Bluffs, traces his lineage back to the early settlement of Rhode Island, thus: The title to Providence Plantations (Rhode Island) from the Indians, made in 1637, was vested to Roger WILLIAMS alone.

Roger WILLIAMS, born in Wales, in 1599, landed in America in 1631, in the sloop Lyon, and settled at What Cheer Point, Seekout River, Rhode Island, in 1636. His first act was to divide by deeds, of date 1638, to twelve of his “loving neighbors,” equal portions of the land and rights of said plantation, reserving to himself only equal rights with them. Among these twelve were Stukely WESTCOTT and Richard WATERMAN, ancestors on his father’s and mother’s side of Mr. WESTCOTT, Stukely WESTCOTT being first named in the deed. Stukely WESTCOTT and Roger WILLIAMS, while in Salem, Massachusetts, were “separators from the Church of England,” the former and wife being baptized by the latter July 1, 1639. Both had passed upon them the “grand censure,” which alienated them from the Salem Colony. In the line of family succession was Stukely WESTCOTT, Stukely Jr., Jonah Nathan, Thomas, and Samuel – all of whom are active and influential in public affairs.

Thomas WESTCOTT, the grandfather of the subject of this sketch, was a civilian of note in Rhode Island, and was also a distinguished officer in the Revolutionary War. Samuel Arnold, his son, was born in Rhode Island, December 11, 1794, was engaged in a cotton mill until he moved to Wheeling, Virginia, in 1820, and with the MOOREs, REESIDEs, and ZANEs was among the most active in developing that section of the country.

January 1, 1821, Samuel A. WESTCOTT married Miss Sarah Loring EDGERTON, a descendant of Richard WATERMAN, named above, whose parents, moving from Connecticut, were among the early pioneers of Ohio at Marietta.

John Henry, of this writing, their eldest son, was born in Wheeling, Virginia, May 28, 1823, resided there until 1835, then in Brooklyn, New York, in 1835-36; was at the great fire in 1835; moved to Marietta, Ohio, 1837; was in the employ of Dudley WOODBRIDGE, formerly a partner of BLENNERHASSET of historic fame, and afterward he engaged in the mercantile business. June 16, 1853, he was married in Rochester, New York (at Grove Place, the residence of her grandfather, Levi WARD), to Miss Fannie M. WARD, a lady of fine intellectual culture, of rare accomplishments, lovely in disposition and withal a Christian of high spiritual attainments.

In 1854, Mr. WESTCOTT moved to Madison, Indiana, and engaged in the foundry business until the death of his beloved wife and child changed his plans in life. In July 1855, he moved overland to Keokuk, Iowa, engaged in the stationery and book-binding business for a time; then was employed as accountant in the banking house of George C. Anderson & Co., and afterward for fourteen years in the office of R.F. BOWER, wholesale grocer.

Without desire or solicitation, he was elected to the office of Justice of the Peace for three years, and then County Trustee. While Justice of the Peace Hon. John H. CRAIG, seconded by Hon. Dan F. MILLER, attorneys, in view of some judicial decisions, moved the Circuit Court, Judge JEFFRIES presiding, that Mr. WESTCOTT be admitted to the Keokuk bar ex gratia, all the members of the bar assenting. The Honored Judge, with much cordiality expressed the pleasure he felt in complimenting Mr. WESTCOTT with this unusual honor and ordered it done.

July 28, 1859, Mr. WESTCOTT married Miss Adelaide Virginia HOLSEY, a young lady highly esteemed, of great energy of character and superior judgment, his present wife. In May 1883, he, and later his family, moved to Council Bluffs, accepting a position in the Council Bluffs Insurance Company – J.Q. ANDERSON, Secretary – and later and among the most pleasant duties of his life, acting as Secretary to the Hon. M. F. ROHRER, during his administration as mayor of this city. The ability, integrity and success of Mayor Rohrer’s administration as Mayor of Council Bluffs, is commended by his Secretary up to the intimate knowledge he has of the same.

Mr. WESTCOTT emphasizes his membership in the church and particularly in his relation to the Presbyterian Church. As early as 14 years of age, he connected himself with the Congregational Church at Marietta, Ohio. Soon thereafter, he was elected trustee; afterward, upon request of Governor Ralph P. LOWE, he was elected deacon in the 1st Westminster Presbyterian Church, Keokuk, Iowa, and at present is serving as Elder in the 1st Presbyterian Church in the city, and recently was elected director in the Omaha Theological Seminary. He has represented the latter church in its higher courts. To promote the interests of the church of the Lord Jesus Christ is his highest ambition.

Western Lumber & Supply Company

THE WESTERN LUMBER AND SUPPLY COMPANY of Council Bluffs was established in 1888 by Jacob MARTINSON, Lewis HAMMER, and Ed MOTT. In 1889, Mr. MOTT withdrew. They first established with a cash capital of $35,000, which was afterward increased to $45,000. The annual amount of dues is $100,000, wholesale and retail. They deal in all kinds of building material and deliver at any point. The yards and office are at the corner of Third Avenue and Thirteenth Street, and are managed by Mr. L. HAMMER. This gentleman is also interested in another lumber yard, at the corner of Second and Vine Streets, under the firm name of L. Hammer & Co., established by them in 1867, with a cash capital of $25,000, afterward increased to $35,000. The annual amount of business there is $65,000 and the scope is the same as at the other place already mentioned.

Lewis HAMMER was born in Lorain County, Ohio, September 4, 1847, the son of Godfrey and Catharina (DOCHTLER) HAMMER and of German ancestry. The parents both died in Ohio. Mr. HAMMER, one of their six children, was reared in his native state to farm life, and at the age of 21 struck out in the world for himself, first working at the carpenter’s trade seven years, two years in Ohio. In July 1857, he came to Council Bluffs and followed his trade here five years, when he engaged in the lumber trade, purchasing a saw mill, which he operated two years. He furnished the first ties for the Union Pacific Railroad. The ties and lumber were rafted down the river to Omaha. After running that mill, located on the Bauyo River in Harrison County, two years, he came to Council Bluffs, where he has since been engaged in the lumber trade. He is also carrying on farming and stock raising extensively, under the firm name of Hammer & Wood. They have a farm of 2,500 acres and rear high-grade cattle, horses and hogs; 600 acres are under cultivation. The grazing lands are in Dawson County, Nebraska, on the Fort Kearney and Black Hill Railroad. Mr. HAMMER has assisted largely in building up Council Bluffs in all its interests, especially in the line of manufactories, etc. In 1859 he went by ox team to Pike’s Peak, being on the road 30 days from Council Bluffs to Denver, and spent a year there.

Politically, he is a stanch Republican; has been Alderman for the city two terms. He is a member of Council Bluffs Lodge No. 49, I.O.O.F., in which he has passed the chairs, and he is also a member of the encampment. He was married in March 1869 to Rhoda A. WOOD, daughter of T. K. and Deema (MANN) WOOD, of Kentucky, where she was born in 1858; and four of their five children are living: Etta, wife of Henry BRIER of Council Bluffs; Lewis H., at home; Elmer Arthur, deceased; Hazel J.; and Bessie L. at home.

Wheeler, William J.

WILLIAM J. WHEELER, of section 7, Carson Township, was born in Decatur County, Indiana, May 3, 1837, son of Josephus WHEELER, a native of Kentucky and the son of Thomas WHEELER a native of Virginia. The Wheelers were early settlers in Kentucky, and Josephus was reared in Nicholas County. He was 16 years of age when he came to Decatir County, Indiana, with his parents, when that place was then a wilderness. Our subject’s mother was Rebecca (LOCK) WHEELER, a native of Kentucky. They had twelve children, of whom five sons and three daughters grew to maturity. The family next moved to Howard County, Indiana, in 1866, and there resided until their death. The father died at the advanced age of 74 years and the mother at 71 or 72. The father was a farmer all his life and in his political principles he was first a Whig and afterward a Republican.

W. J. WHEELER was reared on an Indiana farm, and in his youth he was engaged in chopping, grubbing and clearing the land. He taught school three terms, teaching the first term in his own district. At the time of the great Rebellion, he left the farm at Lincoln’s call for 300,000 more men, for the army, and enlisted in the 7th Indiana Regiment, which was among the first that went out as a recruit, August 28, 1861, and returned with the regiment to the Army of the Potomac. He was in the battles of Bull Run, Cedar Mountain, and several other slight skirmishes. He was honorably discharged in December 1862, and returned to Decatur County, Indiana.

He was married March 11, 1864, in Carlisle, the county seat of Nicholas County, Kentucky, to Miss H. T. CLAYTON, a native of that county and daughter of William M. CLAYTON, Sr., who was a soldier and was wounded in the war of 1812; she was a sister of Hon. B. F. CLAYTON of Macedonia. After his marriage, Mr. WHEELER resided in Decatur County until 1869, when he moved to southwestern Missouri, Jasper County, near Carthage, where he lived five years, engaged in farming and general work. He then returned to Indiana and resided in Howard County three years. He then removed to Pottawattamie County, Iowa, first settling near Macedonia, where he resided three years. He then purchased his present farm of 70 acres, which was then wild land, and has since added to it until he now has 140 acres, or one fourth of section 7. He is engaged in general farming and stock raising.

Politically, Mr. WHEELER is a Republican, his first vote being cast for Fremont. He is a member of the Robert Provard Post of Carson. Mr. And Mrs. WHEELER have been identified with the Christian Church for many years.

Wilding, David

DAVID WILDING, M.D., Crescent City, was born in Preston, Lancashire, England, November 24, 1804, a son of Henry and Jane (BAMBER) WILDING, also natives of the Albion Isle, who had eleven children and remained in the land of their nativity to the end of their days.

Dr. WILDING, the ninth in the above family, was reared in mercantile business, which was that of his father, but engaged also in other pursuits to some extent. At the age of 23 yars, he entered business for himself. He became a member of the Church of the Latter Day Saints in 1833, and is still loyal to the creed, being an Elder ever since the year 1837. In 1841 he emigrated to America, landing at New Orleans, and came direct to Nauvoo, joining the colony established there by the celebrated Joseph SMITH, and he assisted in erecting the temple at that place, beginning with the foundation and building one corner as high as the stone work; and he also aided in building the Nauvoo House from its foundation. When the Mormons left Nauvoo in 1847, he came with them as far as Pottawattamie County, landing opposite Florence, Nebraska, and soon afterward located where he has ever since resided excepting the one year he was in Utah. The first engagement he made here was that of clerk in a store in Council Bluffs, where he remained until late in 1853. He owned a farm in Boomer Township, where he broke and cultivated 50 acres. He afterward sold this and purchased a section in Hazel Dell Township, made many valuable improvements upon it, and held it for a number of years. In 1870 he disposed of this also.

He commenced the practice of midwifery when a young man and has won for himself a wide reputation for skill, conducting successfully some remarkable cases where other physicians had failed; and he has never used an instrument. At the age of 24 years, his back was broken in two places by a bale of cotton falling from a cart-load, and his back was injured in another place about 20 years ago by a horse falling with him. He has also suffered other serious accidents. He is an active worker in the cause of Christianity and morality. Two of his sons served in the late war, in Company A, 29th Iowa Volunteer Infantry. James continued in the army until the War ended, but Herbert was discharged on account of ill health. The father and sons are all solid Republicans. The Doctor was Postmaster for ten years, giving satisfaction to the community.

He was married in 1828 to Alice, daughter of George and Elizabeth ADKINSON, born April 8, 1810, and died August 9, 1876, leaving eleven children of whom the following is a record: George, born November 9, 1829; Elizabeth A., May 28, 1832; James, July 3, 1835; Heber, April 30, 1838; David, July 16, 1840; Joe, April 12, 1843; Jennett, September 8, 1845; Henry and Alice, twins, July 1, 1848; Thomas, March 18, 1851, and Sarah, July 14, 1853.

White, Robert M.

ROBERT M. WHITE is one of the prominent pioneers of Valley Township. His grandfather, Nathaniel WHITE, was a farmer in Washington County, Pennsylvania, and of English descent. He lived to the great age of eighty years. He was married to Mary LITTLE, and they had nine children, viz.: Nicholas, David, John, Nathaniel, Samuel, James, Mary A., Jane and Eliza, all born in Washington County. The father moved to Lawrence County, where he owned a farm of 200 acres and where he died. He was a member of the United Presbyterian Church and was a man of industrious habits and integrity in character. Samuel WHITE, his son, and the father of our subject, was born on the farm in Washington County, in 1806, and was reared to the life of a farmer. He married Mary LESLIE, in Lawrence County, where he had gone with his father when a boy. They were the parents of seven children, namely: Nathaniel, Nancy A., Margaret, Robert, Samuel, Maria and Eliza, all born in Lawrence County. The father owned a farm in that county, where he died at the age of seventy-three years. Both he and his wife were members of the United Presbyterian Church, and the father was a comfortable farmer, an honorable man and enjoyed the respect of his fellow citizens. His son, Samuel, was a soldier in our great Civil War, belonging to the First Pennsylvania Volunteer Artillery, was in several battles, and had the drum of one ear destroyed by the discharge of the artillery.

Robert M., the subject of this sketch, was also born in Lawrence County, December 7, 1833, and like his father before him was reared to farm life. At the age of nineteen, he left home, and began work for himself. At the age of twenty-one, in 1854, he went to Mercer County, Illinois, where he remained five and a half years. In 1860 he went to Brown County, Kansas, but returned to Iowa the same year and settled in Valley Township, Pottawattamie County, on his present farm. Iowa was then a new country, and Valley Township had but few settlers. His land was wild, but by dint of energy and perseverance he has converted it into a fine fertile farm, to which he has added until he now has 480 acres. He is a prominent citizen of this county and a pioneer and, as such, his name will go down to posterity in the annals of the state of Iowa. He has given each of his three sons 160 acres of land.

He was married in Mercer County, Illinois, to Martha Clark, daughter of Charles and Sarah CLARK. The father was a native of Lawrence County, Pennsylvania, and settled in Mercer County, Illinois, in 1850. He came to Pottawattamie County, Iowa, in 1860 and died in 1886 at the advanced age of eighty-one years. He was a member of the Presbyterian Church, as was also his wife, but in Iowa they joined the Baptist Church. He was an industrious man, and well known to the early settlers. Mr. And Mrs. CLARK were the parents of six children, viz.: Uriah, William, Samuel, Margaret, Martha and Catherine. Mr. And Mrs. WHITE have had six children: Charles, Warren, Uriah, Leslie, Edmond, and one who died when young. Warren was a graduate of the State University and was a lawyer by profession, but while at his home and while assisting in the harvest field, he was instantly killed by lightning. He was unmarried but was a young man of great promise. His death was a severe blow to his parents and friends. Socially, Mr. WHITE is an Odd Fellow and politically a Republican. He was Township Trustee seven years and Clerk sixteen years. He stands high in his county as a man of integrity and good judgment and his honor is unimpeached.

Whitney, William

WILLIAM WHITNEY, one of the representative citizens of Center township, Pottawattamie County, came to his present location in 1881. He was born in Ontario, March 25, 1836. His father, William E. WHITNEY, was born near Rochester, NY, the son of Jeremiah WHITNEY, a native of New England. The mother of our subject, nee Mary SCOTT, was born in Niagara county, NY, September 7, 1815. Her father, William SCOTT, was born in Connecticut, and her mother, Joanna (CRANE) SCOTT, was a native of Elizabeth, New Jersey. Mrs. SCOTT was a daughter of Colonel Jacob CRANE, an officer under Washington in the Revolutionary war. Mr. WHITNEY has in his possession a pewter pan that was owned and used by Colonel CRANE during the struggle for independence. It has been handed down to him by his ancestors, and is highly prized. Colonel CRANE had a son-in-law, Crowell WILSON, a Captain in the British army, who received a grant of land in Ontario, where he settled and where others of the relatives also located. Colonel CRANE also had a son-in-law in the American army.

Mr. WHITNEY lived in Ontario until 13 years of age, when the family moved to Jackson County, Michigan, and later to Ingham County, same state. His father and mother had 10 children, two of whom died in childhood. The names of those who reached adult age are Lucy A., William, Martha, F.S., Hannah E., Joanna C., D.A., and Sarah G. The father was a mechanic by trade. He was a minister of the Gospel in the Free-will Baptist Church and was a zealous and faithful worker in the cause of his Master. He enlisted in the service of his country during the late war, and at the siege of Savannah lost a leg, having been shot through the knee. From the effects of the wound he died in September 1873, at the age of 73 years. His widow now receives a pension.

The subject of this sketch was reared on a farm and educated in the public schools of St. Thomas, Ontario, Jackson and Ingham counties, Michigan. When a young man, he went to Whiteside County, Illinois, where in 1862 he entered the service of his country, enlisting in Company B, 75th Illinois Volunteer Infantry. He participated in the battles of Perryville, Chickamauga, Lookout Mountain, Missionary Ridge, Resaca, Marietta, Kenesaw Mountain, Atlanta, Georgia, Franklin, and Nashville, Tennessee, and many other battles and skirmishes.

After service of three years, he was honorably discharged at Camp Harper, Tennessee. He then returned to Illinois and settled in Bureau County, where he lived until 1867. In that year, he moved to Franklin County, Iowa. After a residence of six years there, he went to Cass county, same state; in 1881 he came to Pottawattamie County. Here he bought 80 acres of wild prairie land, on which he has since made many improvements. He has a good house and barn and suitable buildings for grain and stock, and a fine orchard and grove. In fact, everything about the place indicates the push and enterprise of the owner. Mr. WHITNEY has a good graded stock of cattle, horses, and hogs.

In Whiteside County, Illinois, October 3, 1858, Mr. WHITNEY wedded Miss Elizabeth C. BERRY, a native of Darke County, Ohio, and a lady of intelligence and refinement. Her parents were Joseph and Jane (HARBISON) BERRY, the former a native of New Jersey and the latter of Ohio. They subsequently removed to Bureau County, Illinois, where the father died November 5, 1876, at the age of 63 years. The mother returned to Darke County and died there in 1883 at the age of 65 years. Mr. and Mrs. WHITNEY have three children: Ada L., Mary A. a successful teacher of Center township, and William B.

Politically our subject affiliates with the Republican party. He is a member of the Robert Provard Post No. 414 of Carson, and has served as chaplain of the post. He and his wife and two daughters are members of the Methodist Episcopal Church of Spring Creek. He has served as class-leader and also as superintendent of the Sunday school. Mr. Whitney takes an active interest in both religious and educational matters. He is one of the esteemed citizens of the township.

Wickham, James

JAMES WICKHAM of Council Bluffs is a native of County Antrim, Ireland, and a son of Patrick and Sisela (Prior) Wickham. James remained in his native country until 1855 when he came to America, locating in New York City, where he joined his mother and two brothers, who had come to this country in 1854; the father and remainder of the family came via New Orleans and joined the family at Council Bluffs. They had a family of ten children: Edward, deceased; Mary, wife of Martin HUGHES of Council Bluffs; James, our subject; Patrick, a resident of Montana; Bernhard, deceased; Thomas, deceased; John, deceased; Francis, deceased; Owen P., a resident of this city; and Ann, deceased. The parents made their home in Council Bluffs until their death, the father dying in January 1872, and the mother on March 4, 1889.

Our subject was born January 12, 1837, and after attaining his majority commenced work for himself, having learned the stone and brick-mason's trade, at which he worked in the summer and in the winter seasons turned his attention to anything that presented itself. He commenced contracting and building in 1863 under the firm name of Hughes & Wickham Bros., which partnership continued until the former withdrew from the company, which then continued business under the name James & O. P. Wickham. They do an immense amount of business and are among the oldest contractors and builders in the city, the partnership having been established in 1865. They do an annual business of some $150,000 and employ about 200 men during the summer seasons. In 1888, Mr. James Wickham erected a handsome brick mansion on Franklin Avenue, No. 400, at a cost of some $10,000 where he and his family reside in peace and comfort.

He was married in June 1859 to Mary Lacy, who was born in Ireland in 1835. She died in Council Bluffs, November 9, 1867, and Mr. Wickham was then married in September 1873 to Miss Bridget Keating, a native of Clare, Ireland, born February 2, 1853. They have eleven children, namely: Bernhard P., Edward A., Kate, Nell, John, Anna, Veronica, James, Nora, Loretta and Leo. The family are members of the Catholic Church.

E. A. Wickham, of the firm of Wickham & Co., composed of E. A. Wickham and J.E. Riley, have their offices at 502 Broad Street, Council Bluffs. They also have an office at 4 and 5 Granite Block, Omaha, under the firm name of J.E. Riley & Co., and also an office at Denver, Colorado, in Room 17, Granite Building, also under the name of J.E. Riley & Co. They are the leading contractors of public work, and do an annual business of $550,000 employing about 400 men. They do business in Council Bluffs, Omaha, Plattsmouth, Burlington, Denver and Nebraska City. They did their heaviest contracting in Denver in 1889-90 amounting to $280,000.

E. A. Wickham was born in Council Bluffs, November 6, 1864, and was educated in the public schools of this city, and three years in the Benedictine College at Atchison, Kansas. In 1884, after completing his studies, he took charge of the business of Wickham Bros., as manager, which position he is still holding, but will withdraw in january 1891. Politically he is a stanch Democrat, and is associated with the Catholic Church. He is also one of the Directors of the State Savings Bank of Council Bluffs.

Wickham, O. P.

O. P. WICKHAM, of the firm of Wickham Bros., contractors and builders, of Council Bluffs, have their office at the corner of Broad and Main Streets. The firm was organized in 1867 and they have since done an extensive business, having erected many of the business blocks in this city. Among those they have erected are the Pottawattamie County Courthouse, the Bennett Block, Eisman's Block, Deen & Wells building, Keystone building, First & Broadway, and Burnham & Lulley's banks, J.J. Brown's building, Dodge building, the new Grand Hotel and Dahaney's Opera Block, which is one of the largest buildings in the city. Mr. Wickham has also build two fine residences for himself, the first being now owned by P. C. Duval, corner of Willow Avenue and Bluff Street, and his present residence on the corner of Seventh Street and Seventh Avenue.

He was born in October 1845 in Antrim County, Ireland, the son of Patrick and Celia (Pryor) Wickham. He was reared in his native country until 12 years of age, when he came to America with his parents. He went first to New Orleans, and then to St. Louis, where he remained a short time. He next came to Council Bluffs, where his parents died, and as soon as he reached his majority, he engaged at brick and stone masonry, which he has since followed. Mr. Wickham was married in this city in 1875 to Jennie Fenlan, a native of Winnebago County, Illinois, born in 1852. They have a family of six children: Angeline, Celia, George, Genevieve, Paul and Agnes. They are both members of the Catholic Church. Politically, Mr. Wickham is a stanch Democrat and is one of the charter members of the Building and Loan Association of Council Bluffs.

Williams, John E.

JOHN E. WILLIAMS, a farmer and stock-raiser of Hazel Dell Township, was born in South Wales, October 22, 1841, son of Daniel and Margaret (EVANS) WILLIAMS, of Welsh extraction. The parents, natives of Wales, came to America in 1856, sailing from Liverpool on February 14, and locating in Luzern Co, Pennsylvania, at Pittston, and four years afterward they removed to Utah, but remained there only one year; then they located at Audubon Co, Iowa, for one year, and finally in 1863, they settled in Pottawattamie County. The father died in September 1862 at the age of 48 years in Audubon County. The widow and her children then moved to this county, locating near the Bluffs, in Kane Township, where they spent a year and then moved to what is now Garner Township and resided there four years.

During this latter period, Mr. WILLIAMS married Elizabeth PETERSON, a native of Sweden, who was but four years of age when brought to America. His mother now resides in Merrick Co, Nebraska, and is 74 years of age. In her family were 11 children; five died in Wales, and six came to this country, namely: Daniel J., a resident of Hazel Dell Township; John E. was the next; Ruth, a resident of the Pacific slope; Margaret, wife of David NIXON; Samuel, now residing at Grand Island, Nebraska; Annie, now Mrs. John ROBINSON of Clarkesville, Nebraska. Their father was a stone and brick mason by trade but turned his attention to various occupations. Mr. WILLIAMS, our subject, remained but a short time in Garner Township when he came to Hazel Dell Township, April 18, 1867, and purchased 120 acres on sections 7 and 18, then absolutely wild land. Upon this place he moved a small dwelling about 14 X 16 feet in dimensions and occupied it one summer. In the fall, he erected a residence 14 X 15 in which, with some additions, he resided until he erected his present dwelling, in 1884, a two-story frame 16 X 28 and 18 X 15 on a modern plan. It is one of the nicest residences in that part of the country. Good barns and other neat enclosures ornament and add value to the place. There is also an orchard of about 150 good trees, besides shade and ornamental trees. Mr. WILLIAMS now owns 200 acres of fine land, all in one body, which he has been enabled to purchase by his own industrious efforts. By his first marriage he had five children: Mary, now the wife of Jacob KONKLER, and residing at Council Bluffs; Samuel E. a resident of Garner Township; Josephine, wife of Edward JONES of Council Bluffs; George residing in Garner Township; and Daniel, residing in Boomer Township. Mr. WILLAMS lost his first wife in May 18, 1872 and he was married a third time January 23, 1887 to Mrs. Rachel HOWLAND, widow of H.H. HOWLAND and daughter of John and Cincinnati (DUNKERSON) BALLEW, natives of Kentucky and of French and German origin. Her father died April 7, 182, at the age of 62 years and her mother is still living near Kansas City, Missouri. Mrs. WILLIAMS was born in Mercer Co, Missouri, December 18, 1848. By her first marriage, she was the mother of two children: Hattie, wife of C.C. GREENE of Council Bluffs, and Frank, at home. By the present marriage of Mr. WILLIAMS, there is one child, John A., who was born September 16, 1888. Mr. WILLIAMS is a Democrat and he has served as a member of the School Board.

Williams, N. W.

N.W. WILLIAMS, contractor and builder, No. 123 West Broadway, is a native of Ashtabula County, Ohio. He was born May 2, 1842, son of James and Sarah (Woodruff) Williams, both natives of New York state and descendants of old Puritan families. When the subject of our sketch was four years old his father died, and when he was twelve he left his native state and went with his mother to Michigan and located near Coldwater. After remaining there three years, they removed to Warren, Jo Davies County, Illinois, where they lived one year.

In the fall of 1857, they located in Fort Calhoun, Nebraska, where the mother died the following autumn. In December of that year, 1858, Mr. WILLIAMS and his two sisters came to Council Bluffs, where he has since made his home. In 1860 he began a two years' apprenticeship to the trade of bricklaying and plastering, but before his time expired, in August 1861, he enlisted in Company A, 29th Iowa Volunteer Infantry, and served six months, until February 1862, but was not accepted. He then returned to Council Bluffs and completed his trade, after which he worked as a journeyman until 1870 when he commenced contracting.

In 1883 he turned his whole attention to contracting and has since been extensively engaged in the same. During the year 1883, he took the contract for 70 houses. His annual business the past two years aggregates $45,000. During the busy season, Mr. WILLIAMS employs about 30 men. On upper Broadway he has a brick-yard where he manufactures his own brick besides supplying the trade. Some of the contracts he has taken are numbered among the best business blocks and private residences. In connection with the business already referred to, he also has a wholesale flour and feed store, and deals in wood and coal, lime and all building materials. He handles the Diamond Bluff flour of St. Peter's Minnesota, and is agent for the Acme Cement Plaster, one of the best plasters in existence, just entering the market in this city.

Politically, Mr. Williams is a stanch Republican. He is a member of the A.O.U.W., Pottawattamie Lodge No. 46, and of the Modern Woodmen, Hazel Camp.

Mr. WILLIAMS was married July 21, 1863, to Miss Charlotte E. ARMSTRONG, a native of Nauvoo, Illinois, born May 6, 1844. They are the parents of seven children: Fannie, Ralph, Mark, Stella, Olive, Emma and Ruth. Fannie, Stella and Olive are deceased. Mr. Williams and his family reside at No. 111 Stuttsman Street. He is the owner of a number of city properties, 11 in all.

Williams, Winfield S.

WINFIELD S. WILLIAMS, a prominent farmer of Valley Township, is the son of Sumner G. Williams, who was born in Bangor, Maine, and who received a common school education, attending the same school with one of our eminent statesmen. His father was a farmer near Bangor, and there were nine children in his family, only three of whom, except his father, our subject remembers, namely: Charles, Samuel, and Otis. Mr. Williams left his native state at the age of 25 years and went to New York City where he resided for several years. He was there married to Ann WOOD, and they were the parents of five children: Gertrude V., Albion A., Winfield S., Joseph and Mable. Immediately after his marriage, he moved to Indiana, settling on a farm in St. Joseph County near South Bend. He was in that county before the Indians were removed beyond the Mississippi River. He worked on his farm and followed his trade, carpentering, for many years. He now resides in South Bend, where he owns city property. Mr. and Mrs. WILLIAMS are members of the Methodist Church, and Mr. WILLIAMS was one of the early Masons of South Bend, a pioneer who took pride in the progress of the county. He has always been an honorable and industrious man.

Winfield S., the subject of this sketch, was born in St. Joseph County, Indiana, 14 miles south of South Bend, and was reared to the life of a farmer. In 1872 he came to Pottawattamie County, Iowa, settling on his present farm of 80 acres, a part of which he has since laid off in town lots. He was married in Avoca to Miss Eliza SANDERS, daughter of W.H. and Sarah (WAKEMAN) SANDERS. The father went to Michigan in an early day and settled at Ypsilanti, and then, when Iowa was a new state, he came to Davenport where he remained until 1870 when he settled in Avoca. He was the father of six children: Wakeman, Stephen, Frank, Sarah E., Lynos and Linn. Mr. Sanders is yet living in Avoca.

To Mr. and Mrs. WILLIAMS have been born 8 children, viz.: Mabel, Frank, Winfield S., Grove, Clara (deceased at 7 years), Earl (died at 6 years), Joseph and Ray. In politics, Mr. Williams is a stanch Republican. He is one of the pioneer settlers of Hancock, a part of which is on his farm. He was the first Postmaster. Socially he is an Odd Fellow.

Wilson, Harry M.

HARRY M. WILSON, of Walnut, is one of the prominent young grain dealers in this thriving town. The firm name under which he operated is Negley & Wilson. Mr. Negley died June 7, 1890, and Mr. WILSON now carries on the business under the firm name of Wilson & Toritze. He was born on a farm in Fulton County, Illinois, July 14, 1865. His grandfather was a prominent minister of the German Reformed Church in New Jersey. Being a man of power in his denomination, he was appointed to travel and preach, the gospel in the wilderness and build up churches. He traveled in Indiana and Illinois and met with good success. Like the eminent preacher George WHITEFIELD, he carried the gospel among the hardy pioneers and early settlers. He established and assisted in building seven churches, and among the last the German Reformed Church at Fairview, Fulton County, Illinois, and was pastor of this church for many years, retiring on account of old age.

He married twice and was the father of seven children, five of whom are living: Abraham, Harry, John, Julia and Jane. Mr. WILSON lived to the great age of 92 years. He was a man of wide experience in life and one who did at an early day a great service, not only to his country but also in the cause of Christian religion, which he assisted in planting in many places in the wilderness.

Abraham WILSON, son of the above, and the father of the subject of this sketch, was born in 1828, in New Jersey, and came West with his father in 1835, when but seven years of age. His father located near Fairview, and there he grew up and learned farming in his early life, and was also for a time in the mercantile business.

He married Mary E. NEGLEY, daughter of John NEGLEY, a native of Pennsylvania. To Mr. And Mrs. WILSON were born eight children: Lolo (deceased), Kate, John (deceased in 1886, at 28 years of age), Lulu, Maggie, Harry, Cornelius and Mamie. Mr. WILSON settled on a farm at Fairview, on which he lived for many years and then retired, and is now living at the age of 62 years. He has enjoyed the respect and confidence of the people of his township and county and held the usual offices. He is an upright and industrious man, and has accumulated a handsome property. In politics he is a Democrat. Socially he is a Mason, being a member of the Blue Lodge.

Harry M. WILSON, son of the above and subject of this sketch, received an excellent education, attending for two years the scientific department of Knox College at Galesburg, Illinois. In 1855, he came to Walnut, Iowa, and engaged as a clerk for J. T. SPANGLER for one year, and then took charge of the grain business for W. H. NEGLEY. In July 1888, he bought a one-half interest therein, and the firm has enjoyed a successful trade. Socially Mr. WILSON is an Odd Fellow and has held the office of Secretary. He is also a member of the A.O.U.W. In politics, he is a Republican.

May 8, 1889, Mr. WILSON married Nettie BAILER, daughter of Joseph B. and Julia (DICKINSON) BAILER. Mr. BAILER is a native of Ohio, and is an extensive land holder in this county, and now a resident of Walnut. Mr. And Mrs. WILSON have had one son, Earl C. Both Mr. And Mrs. WILSON are members of the Presbyterian Church. Mr. WILSON is a young man of excellent moral character and good business abilities. He began business life young, and is making a success by his own efforts. His integrity is unimpeachable and a long and useful career is before him.

Wilson, James

JAMES WILSON, one of the substantial farmers of Knox Township, is descended from an old American family. James WILSON, his grandfather, was one of the old pioneers of Perry County, Ohio, having settled there when the Indians were plentiful. He was from the Cumberland Mountains in Maryland, and when he first settled in Ohio, they had great trouble with the Indians, and Mrs. WILSON would barricade the house when her husband was away. They reared a family of nine children: Jonathan, Michael, James, Thomas, William (who died at the age of 17 years), Elizabeth, Rachel, Sarah, and Martha. The father cleared his farm of 160 acres from heavy timber, and besides this, he owned 80 acres in Van Wert County. He died at the age of 75 years and was a member of the Methodist Church. He married Martha ASHBY, a native of Maryland. Mr. WILSON served as County Judge and was an honorable and upright man. Thomas WILSON, a son of the above and the father of our subject, was born in Perry County, Ohio, and was reared to the life of a farmer. He married Abigail SELLERS, a daughter of John and Martha SELLERS, who were early settlers of Ohio and of German descent. Mr. WILSON came out to the Des Moines River near Oskaloosa when a young man and before there were any settlers there, but afterward returned to Perry County, Ohio, where he lived on a farm the remainder of his life. He was the father of three children: Francis, James and John. Mr. And Mrs. WILSON were members of the Methodist Church. He died at the age of 45 years and was a hard-working and industrious man.

James WILSON, his son and the subject of this sketch, was born September 20, 1849, in Perry County, Ohio. At the age of 21 years, in 1871, he came to his present farm of 160 acres of wild land, which, by perseverance and industry, he has converted into a well tilled and fertile farm. He has since added to this place until he now owns 240 acres of land. He was married in Marysville, Missouri, to Maria A. HAMMOND, daughter of William G. and Mary E. (HATCHER) HAMMOND. To Mr. And Mrs. WILSON have been born five children: Cora, Rosa, Dora, Orin, and Oley. William G. HAMMOND was a native of Maine, but resided for a time in Perry County, Ohio, and then moved to Nodaway County, Missouri. He was the father of five children: Finley, Jesse, Malinda, Maria and Lena. He died at the residence of his son-in-law, Mr. WILSON. Mr. WILSON has taken an active interest in the schools. He was the pioneer settler on his farm, has made all its improvements, and now stands deservedly high as a man whose word is as good as his bond. His children descend from an old pioneer stock, who were the real founders of this country.

Winans, John H.

JOHN H. WINANS, a substantial farmer of Knox Township, is from an old American family of New Jersey, and of English descent. His great-grandfather and grandfather were in the Revolutionary war, and the latter was a farmer of NJ near Elizabeth City. Our subject's father, Benjamin WINANS, was also a farmer and was married to Hannah HUGHES, daughter of Charles HUGHES, of New Jersey. They were the parents of six children: Fannie, John H., Charles, Mary, George E. and Eliza. In 1854 the father moved to Scott Co., Iowa, settling on a farm of wild land, where he lived until 1884, when he moved to Chester Twp, Poweshiek Co., where he is still living at the age of 86 years. Both he and his wife were members of the Methodist Church at Rahway, NJ, for 46 years. The father is a prosperous farmer in good circumstances and has always obeyed the Quaker instructions of owing no man anything. In his political principles he is a Republican.

JOHN H. WINANS, our subject, was born in Elizabeth City, Essex Co, New Jersey, August 15, 1842, and was reared to farm life He was but 12 years of age when his father came to Iowa and he carried from New Jersey $1,200 in a leather belt, with which his father bought his farm. In 1865, Mr. WINANS moved to Pottawattamie Co, settling in Center Twp, and in 1878 moved to his present farm of 160 acres in Knox Twp. In his political principles he is a Republican; he has been a Supervisor of his township five years, Constable two years, and School Director three years. He has been identified with Iowa since his boyhood and like his father has always stood high as an industrious and honest man and a good citizen.

Mr. WINANS was married at age 20 years in 1862 to Sarah J. FULLER, daughter of Ezra and Arloah L. FULLER. The father was a farmer of Cuyahoga Co, Ohio, and settled in Scott Co, Iowa in 1861, where he was a large landholder, owning 900 acres of land. He had two sons: Jared M. and James, and a brother Spencer in the Civil War, all three of whom died in the Army. He was the father of twelve children and died in Center Twp, this county, where he had moved in 1864. Isaac, the eldest brother of Benjamin WINANS, was a Captain in the War of 1812 and was in the battle of Morristown, New Jersey.

Winchester, Benjamin

BENJAMIN WINCHESTER, retired, is a well-known pioneer and the pioneer brick-manufacturer of Council Bluffs and Omaha, having arrived here in May 1854, and ever since made this county his home. He was born in Erie County, Pennsylvania, August 6, 1817, a son of Stephen WINCHESTER, a native of Orange County, Vermont. The family trace their ancestry back to two brothers, who settled one in New England and the other in Virginia. Stephen’s father was Benjamin WINCHESTER, who served with distinction and bravery for seven years in the Revolutionary War, under General PUTNAM. Mr. WINCHESTER, our subject, was reared in agricultural pursuits and at brick-making. At the age of fifteen years, he became a Mormon and attended the laying of the corner stone of the Mormon Temple at Kirtland, Ohio, in 1836. At eighteen he began as a missionary and preached both in New England and in Europe, his headquarters being at Philadelphia; and for nine years he was thus a zealous laborer for the Mormons’ cause. He became disgusted, in 1844, with the leaders, owing to their immorality and withdrew from the church. About this time, Joseph SMITH, the founder of Mormonism, was killed. Mr. WINCHESTER resided then for a time at Philadelphia, and next was engaged in the tobacco trade in Pittsburg. In the spring of 1854, he arrived at Council Bluffs, coming by railroad to Alton, Illinois, and thence up the Missouri River. In the fall, by team, he went by way of Davenport to Pittsburg for his family. At this time, Council Bluffs comprised about 1,500 inhabitants, dwelling mostly in log cabins along Broadway and Madison Streets. The leading hotels then were the Robertson House and the Pacific House – the latter just opened. Mr. WINCHESTER engaged in the manufacture of brick, being the first in the county to engage in that business to a considerable extent, very few small lots having been previously made by the Mormons. Subsequently, he assisted in laying out the town of Omaha, and afterward broke the ground for making the first brick-yard there. He entered into a contract with the Ferry company to make a quantity of brick, and built a log cabin near by in which to keep the laborers. Mr. DUELL and wife did the cooking; but Indians and squatters stole their lumber and other supplies to such an extent that brick-making was not profitable. He sold out and retired to this side of the river. Mr. WINCHESTER, however, continued in his business from that period to 1887, when he also sold out and retired. In 1867, he made the brick for the Ogden House and several business blocks, manufacturing $20,000 worth that season and employing 20 to 30 men. He now lives at 420 Washington Avenue, where he has a fine residence.

In his political principles, he is a zealous and active Democrat. He has served to years as City Councilman and during the war was a candidate for the State Legislature, but then his party were more than ever in the minority.

He was married February 25, 1840, to Miss Mary Hannah STONE, an intelligent and well educated lady who was born and reared in Brooklyn, New York. She is a daughter of Robert and Maria (SMITH) STONE, natives of England. Mr. And Mrs. WINCHESTER have three sons and two daughters, namely: Savillion A. of Garner Township; Americus, at home; Benjamin Jr., at home; Josephine Marion, wife of Thomas OWEN of Garner Township; and Frances Amelia, now Mrs. Joseph ABEL, also of Garner Township. Three children died: Orlando, at the age of seven months; Richard A., when seven years old; and a babe. Mr. And Mrs. WINCHESTER celebrated their golden wedding February 25, 1890, when five children and eleven grandchildren were present.

Wind, P. H.

P.H. WIND is the proprietor and manager of the sash and door factory and planning-mill at the corner of Broad and Thirteenth Streets, which he erected last spring (1890). It is 48 X 60 feet in ground area and two stories high. Previous to his erection of this mill, Mr. WIND operated a similar factory at 255 Vine Street, four years, and prior to that he was engaged in contracting and building, etc., which he has followed in connection with the business already mentioned for the past sixteen years in this city. He first came to Council Bluffs about 1867, first becoming employed as foreman by one of the leading contractors for about seven years. He has erected many of the principal buildings of the city. Was contractor for the Masonic Temple, the Chautauqua Tabernacle, the Sapp building, Marcus block and many other business blocks and residences. He came here from Nebraska City, where he had been residing about a year. He has also resided at Chicago, St. Louis, and other points, engaged at his trade. He is part owner of the Council Bluffs Handle Factory and Vice President of the company.

He was born December 10, 1844, in Denmark was educated for the teachers’ profession, of which his father was a member, but after his 18th year, he preferred a mechanical trade, which he began to learn, and in the spring of 1865 he came to America and since 1867 has been a resident of Council Bluffs, figuring conspicuously in the history of the city. Being a zealous Republican, he has taken an active part in political affairs. In March 1890, he was elected Alerman of the second ward. He is Master of Excelsior Lodge No. 259, F.&A.M., and is Past High Priest of the Star Chapter, No. 47, and member of Ivanhoe Commandery, No. 17, K.T. He is also a member of Hazel Camp, Modern Woodmen. He is one of the directors of the State Savings Bank, and President of the Masonic Temple Association. Owning two farms in Hardin Township, of 120 and 160 acres, he has also been engaged in agricultural pursuits. One of these he has himself improved from its original wild condition. He also owns considerable real estate in the city – about twelve houses in different parts, eight of which are dwelling houses on Washington Avenue, and he has dealt some in real estate. His residence is at 738 Washington Avenue, corner of Curtice Street. It is difficult to estimate the number of buildings he has erected. He put up thirty-seven last year.

He was married in 1867 in Council Bluffs to Mary HANSEN, who was born in Denmark, October 10, 1849, and was brought to this country when seven years of age. They have nine children, namely: Lena B., Andrew M., Harvey P., Rose M., Nellie M., Evarts H., Floy M., and Viva and Vera (twins), all at home. Mr. Wind’s parents were Andrew I. And Magdalin K. (ERICKSON) WIND; the mother is deceased.

Winterstien, William

WILLIAM WINTERSTIEN was born in Johnson Co., Iowa, December 28, 1843, son of William Winterstien, Sr., a native of Ohio. His grandfather, Nicholas Winterstien, a soldieer of the War of 1812, brought his family to Johnson County, Iowa, becoming early settlers of that place. He and his son William and others surveyed the wagon road from Iowa City to Cedar Rapids with breaking plows and ox teams, William driving one of the teams. Among other early settlers in Johnson County, there was a family by the name of LARAMORE who came from Virginia. Mr. And Mrs. Laramore were the parents of seven daughters, some of whom remained in the East. Their daughter, SUSAN LARAMORE, became the wife of William Winterstien Sr., and by him had ten children, four of whom are now living, viz.: William Jr., our subject; Jerome W., who resides in Waveland Township, Pottawattamie County; Philip, a resident of Hastings, Nebraska; and Franklin, who lives near Goldendale, Washington.

Mr. And Mrs. Winterstien in 1850 went overland to California with ox teams, spending the first winter at Carson City, then called Gold Canon. After a sojourn of six years in California, they returned to Iowa, coming via water to New York and thence to Johnson County. They subsequently went to Kansas where they lived some ten or twelve yers, and then removed to Washington, where they now reside. The father is 74 years old and the mother is 72. During the Late War, Mr. Winterstien enlisted in the 22nd Iowa Infantry as a recruit.

WILLIAM WINTERSTIEN JR. was reared on a farm in Johnson County, Iowa, and when the great Rebellion broke out, he entered in the service of his country and fought bravely all through the War. He enlisted in August 1862 in Company H, 22nd Iowa Infantry, and the first battle he was in was that of Port Gibson near Grand Gulf. The bursting of a shell near his head caused a deafness in his right ear from which he has never recovered. At that time, his regiment was supporting the First Iowa Battery. Mr. Winterstien was afterward in the battles of Champion Hill, Black River Bridge, the charge 19th and 22nd of May, siege of Vicksburg, Winchester, Virginia, Fisher's Hill and Cedar Creek. He was honorably discharged at Savannah, Georgia, July 25, 1865.

After the War, Mr. Winterstien returned to Johnson County, Iowa, where he resided until 1870 when he removed to Benton County, same state. In 1871 he went to Montgomery County and settled 12 miles northwest of Red Oak. Three years later, in 1874, he came to Pottaattamie County and settled on his present farm in section 28, Wright Township. It was then wild land but the well-directed efforts of Mr. Sinterstien have caused it to assume a different appearance. He has a story and a half frame residence, 16 X 25 feet, located on a natural building site, surrounded by a grove of two acres. He also has other farm buildings and improvements. His home farm consists of 80 acres, and he owns another well improved 80 acres in Waveland Township.

June 10, 1869, in Johnson County, Mr. Winterstien was married to CATHERINE LOUISE BURNETT, a native of Ohio. Her father, JOHN BURNETT, was born in Ohio, son of JOHN BURNETT SR. and her mother, nee ANNA ELIZA VENESS, was born in York County, Pennsylvania. Mr. And Mrs. Burnett came to Iowa about the year 1850 and settled in Cedar County where they spent the residue of their lives. They reared five children, namely: Thomas, Catherine L., George, Smith, and Charles. Mrs. Winterstien was reared and educated in Cedar County. She and her husband have nine children, viz.: Grant, Eugene, William Arthur, Ethel, Kate, Thomas B., Ray, Ben Harrison and Susan.

Politically Mr. Winterstien is a Republican. He is a member of the G.A.R., Robert Worthington Post No. 9. He joined the Iowa City Post. He is associated with the Asbury Methodist Episcopal Church. Mr. Winterstien is a man in the prime of life, is frank and cordial in his manner, and in honorable in all his dealings. (end)

Note to Researchers: Many members of the Winterstien family are buried at the Center Ridge Church Cemetery, just across the Pottawattamie County line into Montgomery County, Iowa. Others are buried in the Griswold, Iowa, cemetery. There is also one burial in the Whipple Cemetery, Wright Township, Pottawattamie County, Iowa, as follows: "Our Darling Baby, Infant, son of Eugene and Susan Winterstein, August 30, 1905."

Wolf, John A.

JOHN A. WOLF, one of the enterprising and representative citizens of Washington Township, came to this county in the spring of 1881, where he has since resided. He came from Mills County, Iowa, where he had lived several years. He was born in Perry County, Ohio, May 19, 1850, a son of Philip WOLF, a native of Pennsylvania; the Wolfs were of Pennsylvania Dutch ancestry. The mother of our subject was Mary (LEWIS) WOLF, who was born in Perry County, Ohio, and her family were of an old American family of New England. Philip WOLF came to this county in 1887, where he resided until his death in June 1889, at the age of 63 years. He was a farmer by occupation and politically a Democrat. In religion he was connected with the Lutheran Church for several years. The mother died in Lucas County, Iowa, near Chariton, in 1865. The parents reared five children. John A. was about two years of age when his parents moved to Van Buren County, Iowa, where they were early settlers. He was reared in southern and western Iowa, and at the age of 17 years, he obtained employment with a well-known stockman. J. M. STRAND. He was in his employ near Dallas, Marion County, Iowa, one year, and then came with him to Malvern, Mills County, in 1869, and was in his employ in that county eight or nine years. He then rented land for two or three years and in 1881 bought 80 acres of his present farm, paying $10 per acre. Later he bought 40 more acres, and one year later added 40 acres still more, and he now owns 160 acres, all under a good state of cultivation. Besides his general farming, he is now feeding 21 head of cattle and 115 head of swine.

Mr. WOLF was married at Red Oak, Iowa, November 30, 1876, to Miss Henrietta MILLER, daughter of John and Ann (STRAND) MILLER. The mother is a sister of J. M. STRAND, a prominent stockman of Mills County, Iowa. Mrs. WOLF was reared mostly in Henderson County, Illinois, and was educated in Illinois. Mr. And Mrs. WOLF have three sons: Ira Lewis, Philip Miller, and Eugene Earl. Politically Mr. WOLF is a Democrat, but has never aspired to public office. He is a member of the Evangelical Church, a class leader in the same, has served as superintendent of the Sabbath school, and is at the present a teacher. Mrs. WOLF is also a worthy member in the same. Mr. WOLF is yet in the prime of life, frank and cordial in his manner, and is honorable in all his business dealings. He is numbered politically, socially, and financially among the representative citizens of his neighborhood.

Wood, Alexander

ALEXANDER WOOD, Alderman at large, and a resident of the First Ward of Council Bluffs, was elected to his present position first in 1882, serving two years, and was re-elected in March 1890. He was born in Glasgow, Scotland, in 1836, a son of James and Jennie (GLASS) WOOD, both of Scotch descent. The parents died when Alexander was quite young, and he went to live with an uncle in Ayrshire, Scotland, where he made his home until he reached his majority. He then came to America, locating at Florence, Nebraska, and in 1870 came to Council Bluffs, where he has since made his home. Shortly after he came to this county, he established a vineyard of 12 acres and an orchard of 2 acres in the corporate limits of Council Bluffs. The average yield of this place is about 6,000 pounds to the acre, and he has turned his whole attention to horticulture, and has made a decided success. He is a live, energetic businessman, and strives to promote the welfare of the public good. He affiliates with the Republican party, and is a member of the Western Iowa Horticultural Society, and also of the Pottawattamie County Fruit Growers’ Society.

Mr. WOOD was married in 1870 to Mrs. PYPER, nee Ellen WATSON, a native of Ayrshire, Scotland. She had one child by her former marriage, William PYPER.

Wood, Edwin A.

EDWIN A. WOOD, one of the old soldier citizens of Pottawattamie County, is from an old American family of Scotch descent. Thomas G. WOOD, the grandfather of our subject, was a native of Massachusetts and the father of five children: Thomas, Henry, Gideon, Nancy and Tabor. Tabor WOOD, a son of the above and the father of our subject, was born near New Bedford, Massachusetts, and learned the manufacture of woolen cloth, which he followed in that city for many years. He was also a farmer and sheep raiser. He married Eliza FULLER, and to them were born seven children: John, Samuel, Ellen (deceased at the age of fifty-eight years), Edwin, Francis, and Thomas, all born in Massachusetts, except Thomas H., who was born in Chautauqua County, New York. In 1841 the father moved to Jamestown, New York, and engaged in the manufacture of woolen cloth, where he remained seven years; next he went to Black Rock, now a part of Buffalo, New York, and here he resided three years; about 1852 he moved to Elvira, Lorain County, Ohio, remaining three years; in 1854, he went to Brownhelm, same county, where he resided on a farm until 1863; next he went to a farm near Oberlin; and in 1887 moved to Oberlin, where he still resides at the age of ninety years. He was born March 4, 1800, in the town of Fairhaven, Massachusetts. Mr. WOOD took an active interest in local affairs and in the cause of education, and at Elvira was a member of the School Board, and when a citizen of other places, he was usually a member of the same board. He was also a member of the Board of Supervisors of Elvira, and was a member of the Congregational Church. A man of excellent character and morals, and exceedingly temperate, as his long life will show. He won the confidence of the people as a neighbor and friend, and was also true to his profession. He is now retired and is spending his last days in peace in the beautiful town of Oberlin.

Edwin A. WOOD, a son of the above and the subject of this sketch, was born in Fairhaven, Massachusetts, August 5, 1834, and received but a limited education in the public schools. At the age of ten years, he went to work for his father in the woolen mills and the remainder of his education was gained at odd times by diligence and hard work. Being very strong physically, he was obliged to work when he was very young, to assist his father in the care of the family, and thus his youthful years were passed. At the age of eighteen years he went to Ohio, where he remained on a farm in Lorain County until Lincoln made his first call for 300,000 men. He promptly responded, and on August 5, 1862, on his natal day, he enlisted, leaving his wife with two young children. He enlisted in Company F, One Hundred and Third Ohio Volunteer Infantry, and served two years and ten months, which period closed our great Civil War. He was one of the soldiers who chased John MORGAN through Kentucky, and was in many skirmishes with him. The next year, he crossed the mountains with BURNSIDE into East Tennessee and was in the battles of Knoxville, Tunnell Hill, Resaca and was with that great General, who, with his victorious army, marched through the heart of the Confederacy to the sea. Mr. WOOD was with his regiment all through the heavy fighting until they reached Atlanta, when they were ordered back and reached Nashville in time to participate in that battle, and assisted in driving HOOD across the Tennessee River and annihilated his army. The regiment was then ordered to Washington, District of Columbia, and they then went by boat to Cincinnati and by rail to Annapolis, where they took a steamer to Fort Fisher, where they were engaged in the capture of Wilmington. They then fought their way into the heart of North Carolina, and during the march had one continual skirmish. They joined Sherman at Columbia, North Carolina, which they had captured, and here the regiment was discharged and brought by boat to Baltimore, and then home to Ohio. Mr. WOOD was promoted as Corporal at Frankfort, Kentucky, and detailed as clerk for the Adjutant General at brigade headquarters, and served in this capacity about one year. He was in active service all of the time and was but a short time sick. When he entered the army, he was the perfection of physical manhood, but like many others of those brave men who risked their lives for their country's cause, he came from the army with a constitution shattered by exposure.

On returning home, he found that farm life did not agree with him, and he engaged in the mercantile business in Brownhelm, Ohio, which he continued for three years, but was burned out and met with a loss of all his property. He then engaged in buying produce for one and a half years, and was in New York City one year. In 1879, he came to Avoca, Iowa, and engaged in the dairy business, which proved very successful. He was appointed Postmaster under Harrison, March 10, 1890, which office he still holds, to the general acceptance of the people. Being naturally a man of good nature, this office is particularly adapted to him, and due him as an old soldier who risked in his young manhood life and health in the service of his country. Mr. WOOD is a man of quiet tastes, and his straightforward character has always given him the confidence of his fellow townsmen. In Ohio, he held the office of Township Assessor and Clerk, and was also a member of the School Board. Politically he is a stanch Republican, voting as he fought. He is Chaplain of the G.A.R., U.S. Grant Post No. 123, Department of Iowa, in which he was one of the commanders.

At the age of twenty-three years, Mr. WOOD married at Brownhelm, Ohio, Miss Angelina COOLEY, daughter of Rensselaer and Julia (WELLS) COOLEY, both descended from old American families who had been connected with the early history of our country as pioneers and soldiers since the first settlement. Mr. COOLEY was born in Stockbridge, Massachusetts, and his wife was from Connecticut. To Mr. And Mrs. WOOD have been born ten children: Eliza F., Almira E., Julia M., Rensselaer T., Mercy Anna, Sarah G., Edwin, Thomas G., Dora B. and Frank H. The daughter, Mercy Anna, is deputy postmistress, which position she fills with ability and skill.

Woodbury, Edmund I.

DR. EDMUND I. WOODBURY, of Council Bluffs, is one of the leading dentists of Western Iowa, and an early settler of this city, where he located and began the practice of his profession July 1, 1858. He was born in the town of Bolton, Worcester County, Massachusetts, March 7, 1830. He descended from an early and well-known New England family. The subject of this sketch was born in the same place, as were his father and grandfather, both of whom were named Israel WOODBURY. Both the grandfather and the great-grandfather were soldiers in the Revolution. The family is of English origin. Dr. WOODBURY's mother was Mrs. Olive SNOW before her marriage to his father; her maiden name was Olive BERRY. She was born in the town of Brewster, Massachusetts, on Cape Cod. The father of our subject was twice married, and was the father of fifteen children, ten of whom, including the Doctor, were by the second marriage. The parents continued to live at the old home until death. Israel WOODBURY, the father, was a mason and contractor.

Dr. WOODBURY was reared in his native town, where he received a good English education. In 1852, having completed the study of dentistry in Worcester, Massachusetts, he went to Yellow Springs, Ohio, and engaged in the practice of his profession, remaining there nearly six years, when he came to Council Bluffs, There he soon established a good business, and his professional career has been a successful one, and he is numbered among the enterprising citizens of Council Bluffs. In 1890 he erected a fine brown stone block on Pearl Street, a part of which comprises the dental rooms of Woodbury & Sons. He has a fine residence on the corner of Bluff and Story Streets. In 1854 Dr. Woodbury was married to Elizabeth WHITNEY, daughter of Nathan WHITNEY. Mrs. WOODBURY also belongs to an early Massachusetts family. They have six children. The oldest, Edmond N., died at the age of seven years; Herbert A., second, is a graduate of the Boston Medical College in the class of 1889. The third son and fourth child is Charles E., also a graduate of the same dental school in 1887. These sons are now associated with their father in business. The eldest daughter and third child is Olive L., wife of Rev. T. B. GREENLEE, of Hillsboro, Illinois. At the present time, January 1, 1891, Cora L., the fifth child, is at home, Ernest I., the youngest, is at the State University, Iowa City.

Wright, Frederick

FREDERICK WRIGHT, the first child of George and Elizabeth WRIGHT, noticed elsewhere, was born in Leicestershire, England, January 2, 1842, and came to this country with his parents in 1846. He was brought up to farm life in the pioneer West. On attaining to manhood, he engaged in various occupations at Council Bluffs for 7 years, saving up some money, with which he purchased a small farm in Boomer Twp, of 40 acres of wild prairie. There he erected a residence, but soon afterward he returned to Council Bluffs and November 25, 1868, married Miss Francis E. HOUGH, a daughter of J.R. and Cedelia HOUGH and born in this county September 30, 1848, supposed to be the first white female child born in Pottawattamie County.

After his marriage he settled upon his farm, where he made his home until 1883, when he came to his present place on Section 3, Hazel Dell Twp. This fine place comprises 120 acres. He also owns a tract of six acres of timberland in Rockford Twp. His farm he has improved from a wild condition; has erected a neat frame residence 26 X 38 feet with barns, etc. His place is devoted to general farming and rearing of livestock. He is an energetic farmer, standing in the front ranks of the yeomanry of this enterprising section of the country. Politically he is not a partisan, as he casts his vote for the best man of any party. He is a member of the Mutual Protection Society, is always ready to assist in anything tending to the public welfare, and is a popular man. His two children are: Ada, born August 21, 1870, and Joel R., born May 14, 1876.

Wright, George

GEORGE WRIGHT, deceased, formerly a farmer of Hazel Dell Township, was born in Thurcaston, Leicestershire, England, April 12, 1819, learned the trades of brick-mason and plasterer, was married January 16, 1842, to Elizabeth WOOLENTON, who was born in the town of Thrusinton, Leicestershire, May 30, 1821, and after his marriage was employed as gardener and florist. In December 1847, he emigrated to America, locating first at St Louis; in a few years he removed to Genoa, Nebraska, whence he was driven two years later by the Indians back to the Missouri River. In the spring of 1860 he settled on 80 acres of wild prairie land on Sect 3, Hazel Dell Twp, this county, improved it and remained upon it until his death, which occurred October 13, 1876. Mrs. WRIGHT is still living on the old home place. Mr. WRIGHT was, and Mrs. WRIGHT still is, a member of the Reorganized Church of the Latter-Day Saints. In their family are six children, namely: Frederick, who was born January 2, 1843; Emma E., born November 18, 1844, now the wife of A.B. SMITH, residing in Pottawattamie Co; George, born March 11, 1847, also residing in this county; William, born October 2, 1852, also in this county; Sarah A., born January 18, 1857, died August 15, 1858; and Mary J. born September 13, 1860, now the wife of George DUNCAN of this county.

GEORGE WRIGHT JR. the subject of this paragraph, the third born in the above family, is a native of Leicestershire, England, came with his parents to this country and was brought up on a farm, assisting in opening up the home place just mentioned. After his marriage, he located upon his farm on Sections 3 and 4, consisting of 116 acres of uncultivated land which he has since greatly improved, making a fine place, where he is devoted to general farming and stock raising. He is a self-made man, having risen from the bottom round of the ladder to the present comfortable station, which he enjoys, by his own unaided efforts. He is a zealous Democrat and has served as a member of the School Board, etc. He and his wife are members of the Reorganized Church of the Latter-Day Saints. October 9, 1872, he married Alice E. GILSON, daughter of William and Elizabeth (HOLDER) GILSON, who was born in Pennsylvania, May 11, 1852, and came to Iowa with her parents. In this family are five children: Lydia A., born August 5, 1873; George W., February 16, 1876 and died April 1, 1878; Frank B. June 30, 1878; Adolph B., July 9, 1884; and Gracie E., March 5, 1890.

Wright, George Franklin

GEORGE FRANKLIN WRIGHT, of Council Bluffs, Iowa, was born in Warren, Washington County, Vermont, December 5, 1833, and was the eldest son of a family of four children, he along surviving, of the late Franklin Asher WRIGHT, (born in Hanover, New Hampshire, September 17, 1801, died in Council Bluffs, Iowa, October 5, 1876; he was of English descent), and of Caroline Susannah WRIGHT, nee TILLOTSON, born in Berlin, Vermont, November 3, 1807. She was of Scotch and English parentage. They were married in Berlin, Vermont, February 27, 1833. Franklin A. WRIGHT was the son of Asher WRIGHT of English descent, and of Irene WRIGHT, nee CURTIS, of English descent. Caroline S. WRIGHT was a daughter of Samuel TILLOTSON, of English descent, and of Betsey TILLOTSON, nee WALLACE, of Scotch descent.

George F. WRIGHT was reared and spent his boyhood on a farm in his native town, and in early life, when a mere boy, was, by his father, whose large business interests required his continued absence from home, held largely responsible for the successful carrying on and working of his farms, the labor of which was performed exclusively by hired help. This training, and the responsibility incident thereto, became in after years of great service to him when he became engrossed in the active operation of his own business career. At the age of seventeen, he commenced his academic education at West Randolph, Vermont, under the tutorage of the late Hon. Austin ADAMS, of Dubuque, Iowa, who was twice Chief Justice of the State. During his academic training, teaching district school winters, as was customary with many New England boys, he completed his preparatory studies for, and one year of, his college course. He did not enter college, however; but the spring following his majority, in 1855, he came to Iowa and settled in Keosauqua, Van Buren County, when he at once commenced the study of the law with the law firm of Wright, Knapp & Caldwell, composed of ex-United States Senator George G. WRIGHT, of Des Moines, the late Hon. Joseph C. KNAPP, of Keosauqua, who was his uncle, and his honor, Judge Henry C. CALDWELL, of Little Rock, Arkansas, now Circuit Judge for the Eighth Circuit of the United States. His law studies were pursued under the tutorage of Senator WRIGHT, and as a member of the large class of law students then under his charge, his advancement was such that he was admitted to the Van Buren County bar in 1857, Judge H. B. HENDERSHOTT then presiding judge of the District Court of said county. The same year, Senator WRIGHT, going upon the Supreme Bench of Iowa, George F., as he was familiarly known, was admitted to partnership with his uncle, Judge KNAPP, and Judge CALDWELL, under the firm name of Knapp, Caldwell & Wright, and so continued until Judge CALDWELL was called to the bench at Little Rock. His education, founded in the old-fashioned New England schools, and in the old-fashioned New England ways, was rounded out under the training received from these eminent lawyers and jurists. Aided by their ripe business experience, by his extensive acquaintance with business affairs, and with men of affairs, he became a good lawyer, as well as an active, persevering and successful businessman. It was in this practical way that he acquired the educational elements which insured his success much more effectually than could have been attained by a university or college course, or both combined.

Early in 1861, he enlisted in response to President Lincoln’s call for 75,000 volunteers, and in connection with Captain, afterward General, J. M. TUTTLE, raised a company of volunteers in Van Buren County, of which he was elected the First Lieutenant, receiving his commission from the hands of Governor KIRKWOOD at Davenport, Iowa. His company rendezvoused at Keokuk, and after being some time in camp, the first call being full, the company was accepted in the second call for volunteers and became a part of the 2nd Regiment of Iowa Volunteers. Immediately before this occurred, Judge CALDWELL having enlisted and having been elected Major of the 3rd Iowa Cavalry, the business of their firm demanded his return to Keosauqua. Immediately on his return, he raised a company of State Militia, was elected Captain thereof, and tendered the same to Governor KIRKWOOD for the protection of the Iowa border in Van Buren County. His company was accepted, was equipped with Springfield rifles and furnished with the necessary munitions of war. This organization was kept intact, being frequently called to the border and into the State of Missouri, until the rebels were driven out of that state, when most of his company enlisted in and became a part of the 15th Regiment of Iowa Volunteers.

On October 26, 1863, he was married in the city of Chicago, to Ellen E. WRIGHT, nee BROOKS, of Northfield, Vermont, born in Hancock, Vermont, September 21, 1830. She was the daughter of the late Josiah Prentice BROOKS, born April 5, 1797, in Alstead, New Hampshire, died in Northfield, January 10, 1883, of English descent, and the Betsey Parker BROOKS, nee ROBBINS, born August 16, 1797, in Hancock, Vermont, died in Northfield, Vermont, November 4, 1885, and was of English descent.

During their residence in Keosauqua there were born to them three sons, the oldest dying in infancy, and after their removal therefrom, two daughters, all now living, viz.: Franklin Prentice Wright, born March 2, 1866; George Spencer Wright, born January 21, 1868; Eliza Caroline Wright, born June 1, 1870; and Ellen Elizabeth Wright, born December 7, 1872.

In the spring of 1868, he moved with his family to Council Bluffs and formed a law partnership with the late Judge Caleb BALDWIN, and the law firm of Baldwin & Wright, at once became one of the leading law firms of the State. The firm at once took high rank among the profession as practicing attorneys, and as the several railway companies representing the trunk lines made their termini in Council Bluffs, this firm became their local attorneys, and has ever since retained that relation toward them. This law connection continued up to the time when Judge BALDWIN was appointed by President GRANT as one of the Judges of the Court of Commissioners of Alabama claims, requiring his residence in the city of Washington, when the firm was dissolved.

He then associated himself with Hon. Amos J. RISING, now Judge of the
District Court of Arapahoe County, Denver, Colorado, and John N. BALDWIN, Esq., the second son of the late Judge Caleb BALDWIN. After several years of successful practice Judge RISING retired from the firm, removing to Colorado, and the firm became and has since remained as Wright & Baldwin, they having lately associated with themselves the two sons of Mr. WRIGHT.

He early identified himself with the politics of his county, the state, and the nation, and has always been a stanch and active Republican, and for many years a leading worker in his party. During his residence in Van Buren County, he was repeatedly tendered the nomination for member of the Legislature from that county, which was then equivalent to an election, but invariably declined the honor. In 1875 he was elected Senator from the 9th Senatorial District of Iowa, composed of the counties of Pottawattamie and Mills. After serving as Senator in the 16th and 17th General Assemblies, he was again elected Senator, in 1879, in the 19th Senatorial District of Iowa, comprising Pottawattamie County, his place of residence. He served as Senator of the 19th District in the 18th and 19th General Assemblies. He was ever vigilant and faithful to the trust imposed on him, never allowing personal feelings to swerve him from the path of duty and strict justice.

Soon after taking up his residence in Council Bluffs, he began to engage in active business affairs outside of his profession, and in 1870 and immediately following, he, with his associates, organized companies and constructed and put in successful operation large plants for the manufacture and supply of coal illuminating gas in the cities of Council Bluffs, Ottumwa, Mt. Pleasant, Cedar Rapids, and Sioux City, in Iowa, and in the cities of Elgin and Evanston in Illinois. In 1868 he, with Judge Baldwin and associates, constructed and operated the Council Bluffs Street Railway lines, the first street railway in Council Bluffs, and was the President of said company until it passed under the control of the Union Pacific Railway Company. In 1881 he was elected Secretary and Treasurer of the Union Elevator Company of Council Bluffs composed of six trunk line railway companies terminating therein, and had the supervision and construction of its Union Elevator building in said city, which has the largest capacity of any grain elevator west of the city of Chicago. In 1883, as one of the originators, in connection with his associates, he organized and put in successful operation the Nebraska & Iowa Fire Insurance Company of Omaha, Nebraska, now known as the Nebraska Fire Insurance Company of Omaha, and at the same time organized and became president of the Iowa & Nebraska Fire Insurance Company of Council Bluffs, Iowa, and is now known as the Western Home Insurance Company of that place. He is still largely interested in both of said parties.

In 1886, in connection with his associates, he organized the Omaha & Council Bluffs Railway & Bridge Company, procured from Congress a franchise for combined railway and wagon bridge across the Missouri River between the cities of Council Bluffs and Omaha; and during the next two years, the Omaha & Council Bluffs Railway & Bridge Company, of which he was elected Secretary, erected one of the finest and most expensive steel bridges over said river, and in connection therewith constructed and put in successful operation over said bridge between said cities the first Electric Street Railway line ever constructed in the States of Iowa and Nebraska.

As a lawyer, Mr. WRIGHT is prominent, leading and able, never seeking to deceive court or jury, but in an open, manly, earnest contest endeavoring to secure the rights of his clients. Gifted with sound judgment, endowed with great, good common sense, and being a fine analyzer of character and the motives of men, he is ever ready to meet his adversary on compromise grounds, confident in his resources and ability to secure better results for his clients by negotiation than by prolonged and expensive litigation.

As a citizen, he is active, progressive, public-spirited and liberal, and since he came to Council Bluffs, he has ever been loyal to her best material interests, advocating all measures that the best elements therein strove to establish. Of strict and upright manhood, he constantly labors for her welfare and is always found in the line of the best citizenship.

As a friend, he is true, honest, faithful and sacrificing to all who show themselves worthy of his friendship, generous in his praises, slow in his criticisms, and happy in contributing to the wants and needs of his fellows.

As a man, he is amiable, temperate, honorable, benevolent, just and upright, with fine literary tastes and broad culture.

Wyland, J. M.

DR. J.M. WYLAND, the only physician and druggist of Minden, was born in Harlan, Iowa, February 24, 1858, son of Isaac P. WYLAND, who was a pioneer of this state, having settled at Newtown, near Avoca, in 1860. He was born in Elkhart Co., Indiana, August 26, 1832, in the town of Wyland, which was named in honor of his father, Jonathan WYLAND, who was born in 1797 in Bedford Co., Pennsylvania, moved first to Greene Co., Ohio, and then to Indiana. He came to America when a young man, settling in Elkhart County, where he built a grist-mill and woolen factory, and also a dam across the Elkhart River, and was in short the founder of Wyland. He was married to Miss Catherine PLUM, by whom he had two sons: Jonathan and Washington. This wife died and he was again married in Ohio to a Miss Elizabeth VANARSDOLL, and by this marriage there were 11 children: Catherine, Rachel, William, Isaac, Jasper, David, Jefferson, Elizabeth, Mary Barbara, Christian, and Lawrence, all of whom lived to maturity. Jasper died in the service to his country in the late war, in an Iowa regiment; Jonathan died at his home at the age of 58 years of pneumonia, contracted by exposure. The father was a stanch Democrat politically, and religiously was a German Baptist or Dunkard. The Dunkards were among the most thrifty and peaceable people who sought a home in America from the oppression of older countries.

ISAAC P. WYLAND, a son of the above and the father of our subject, was born in Wyland, Indiana, received a common-school education and was brought up a Dunkard, but afterward changed his religion to the "Christian" belief. He was a miller by trade, and was married in Elkhart, Indiana, to Julia A. MILTENBERGER, of German descent, daughter of Henry MILTENBERGER, who came from Pennsylvania to Elkhart County. Mr. and Mrs. WYLAND have six children: William W., Omar P., Jonathan M., Seth L., Mary H. and Asa A. The father moved to Iowa in the spring of 1856, settling in Shelby Co., near Harlan, which was then a wilderness. In 1860 he settled in Newton, Pottawattamie Co., where he built a grist mill and one and a half years later, settled near his old farm east of Harlan, where he lived until 1884. In that year, he went to Dakota, settling on a farm in Hand County, where he still resides. He is a Democrat in his political opinions and has served as Sheriff of Shelby County, in 1862, and Postmaster of Jackson Township, Shelby Co. He has always been a hard working, industrious, honorable and substantial citizen and will be remembered by the old settlers of Shelby Co.

DR. J.M. WYLAND, his son and the subject of this sketch, received a good education at the high school of Harlan, and also studied medicine at Iowa City, where he graduated in 1884. His preceptor was Dr. E.A. COBB, of Harlan, with whom he remained three years. Leaving this able instructor in the spring of 1884, the Doctor came to Minden, where he immediately bought the drug store of Kervill & Schaff, and has since had a large trade as well as a good practice. Socially he is a Mason, and also a member of the Knights of Pythias. In his political opinions he is a Democrat, and has also taken an active interest in the schools of his county, being a member of the School Board. He has the confidence of all the people, and was recently elected a member of the Town Council.

In the spring of 1886 Mr. WYLAND was married to Amelia SCHUMAKER, daughter of Henry SCHUMAKER, a native of Germany, but now of Moline, Illinois. He is the father of two children, Henry and Amelia. The Doctor's brother, Asa O. WYLAND, is also a physician and is now engaged in practice at Underwood, this county. Dr. WYLAND is a man of high character and his success as a physician attests his skill and knowledge of medicine. He is yet a young man and the succeeding years should add honor and dignity to a life well begun.

Wyman, Albert Whitney

HON. ALBERT WHITNEY WYMAN, of section 22, Keg Creek Township, is engaged in general farming, cattle feeding, and stock raising, and the proprietor of Maple Grove Stock Farm, and a well-known and prominent citizen of this county, who came here March 29, 1871. He was born at Parma, Monroe County, New York, February 20, 1834, the son of Samuel and Betsey (ATCHINSON) WYMAN, who was born in Sheffield, Massachusetts, May 31, 1789, was a blacksmith and served in the War of 1812, and whose father, Samuel WYMAN, Sr., served in the Revolutionary War. The WYMAN family were of English ancestry, and first settled at Sheffield, Massachusetts. Our subject’s mother, Betsey ATCHISON, was born January 21, 1799, at Parma, Monroe County, New York, the daughter of John ATCHISON, one of the very first settlers in that town and county, and Betsey was the first female white child born at Parma. Her mother was Almira (FULLER) ATCHISON, and her brother, Austin ATCHINSON, was in the War of 1812, and is now living in Spencerport, New York, at the venerable age of 100 years. The parents had eleven children, seven sons and four daughters, of whom Albert was the youngest son. They lived in Monroe County, and the mother was buried in the same town where she was born, being eighty-five at her death, and the father, who was born in 1789, died at the age of eighty-seven. He was a blacksmith by trade.

Albert attended school until he was nineteen years old, and then served an apprenticeship at the carpenter’s trade, and also worked as a journeyman. He was engaged in railroad work, building bridges, taking and letting out contracts, and acting as foreman and superintendent of a force of mechanics for several years in different parts of the State. Mr. WYMAN was then engaged in farming near Troy and Fort Edward until 1871. He was Lieutenant of Company C, 24th Regiment, New York. In 1871 he came to this county, when the nearest house was five miles distant each of him, and bought 160 acres and increased his possessions to 753 acres, which have been well improved and cultivated. He has set out 7,000 forest and 140 fruit trees. The farm, Maple Grove, is a beautiful home, and it is here Mr. WYMAN is at home to all who wish to partake of his hospitality.

He was married November 10, 1857, to Miss Harriet M. PECK, of Half Moon, Saratoga County, New York, the daughter of Abraham and Betsey Ann (WOOD) PECK, the former a native of Dutchess County, New York, and the latter of Lansingburg, New York. Mr. And Mrs. WYMAN have lost three children by death, two infants and one daughter, Hattie A., who was twelve years of age; and they have one son living, Burton A., who was married in this county to Miss Leticia FLOOD, a daughter of James FLOOD, of this township. They have four children, two sons and two daughters: Charles Albert, James, Hattie and an infant daughter. They live in Council Bluffs, but own a farm near their father’s. Mr. A. W. WYMAN is a Democrat, who has held many township offices in the last fifteen years. He was a representative of the 22nd General Legislative Assembly, with honor to both himself and his party. Mr. WYMAN suggested and named the town of Keg Creek, in which he was its first Treasurer, Township Trustee and Justice of the Peace, and still holds the Treasuryship. He is a Royal Arch Mason, Excelsior Lodge Council Bluffs, having been made a Mason in 1856, at Waterford, New York. He is a member of the Farmer’s Alliance, is President of the Township Alliance, and Treasurer of the County Alliance.

Mr. WYMAN lost his beloved wife by death, June 29, 1888. She was an estimable lady, of great intelligence, and always helped her husband in his business plans, and was a kind wife and mother.

NOTE TO RESEARCHERS: This bio for A.W. Wyman gives an ancestral name of ATCHINSON for his mother. In the bio, that name is variously spelled ATCHINSON and ATCHISON. That is not a typing error on my part. I have copied it just as the book was printed.

Young, John N.

JOHN N. YOUNG, one of the old soldier citizens of Pottawattamie County, was born in Fleming County, Kentucky, February 5, 1844, the son of John YOUNG, formerly a farmer of that county, who moved to Iowa in 1846 when our subject was but two years old, and engaged in the mercantile business in Washington. After one year, he bought a farm in that county, where he spent the remainder of his life. He was married in Kentucky, to Mary ADAMS, and they had eight children: James A., Robert S., John N., Nancy, Sarah A., Mary, Charles and Addie. Mr. YOUNG was a Scotch-Irish man of German descent, and lived to the age of seventy-two years. He was an industrious man and was respected by all who knew him.

John N. YOUNG, the subject of this sketch, received a good education, attending a college at Washington, Iowa, a Presbyterian institution. At the age of eighteen, in 1862, when Lincoln made his first call for 300,000 men, young John bravely enlisted as a Private in Company C, 19th Regiment Iowa Volunteer Infantry, and served three years. He was in the battle of Prairie Grove, Arkansas, was on the Arkansas and Missouri frontier ten months, and was then at the siege and capture of Vicksburg. He was at the surrender of Port Hudson, battle of Sterling Farm, September 29, 1863, where he was taken prisoner, and confined at Tyler, Texas, and Shreveport, Louisiana, for nine months and thirteen days. He was then exchanged July 22, 1864, and went to New Orleans, thence to Barancas, Florida, where he was at the siege of Spanish Fort and capture of Mobile; and here the War closed. He was honorably discharged July 10, 1865, and mustered out at Davenport, Iowa, August 1, 1865. He had two brothers in the War, James A. and Robert S., the former in the 7th Iowa Infantry, and was present at the battle of Belmont, where he was taken prisoner and confined eleven months and ten days in Memphis, Tennesse; Corinth Mississippi; Mason, Georgia; Tuscaloosa, Alabama, and Belle Island.

After the War, Mr. YOUNG returned to Washington County, Iowa, and, like many of the men who had risked life and health for their country, followed the peaceful pursuits of agriculture. In the fall of 1867, he went to Cass County, Missouri, where he bought land and lived seven and a half years. He then returned to Washington County, remaining two years, and in 1878 settled on his present farm of 80 acres in Pottawattamie County, which he has since converted into a well-tilled farm. He has held the office of Assessor two years, Township Trustee three years, and a member of the School Board two years. He is a member of the G.A.R., William Layton Post, No. 358, and in his political views is a stanch Republican. In the days when his country needed his services, he bravely went to the front and did gallant service in the cause of his country, believing that a country worth living for was worth fighting for, and to such men we owe the preservation of the Union and our free institutions. As a citizen Mr. YOUNG has been above reproach, and his name and record should be handed down to the most remote generations.

March 29, 1866, he was married to Sarah A. FARLEY, daughter of Sylvester and Candace (BARNETT) FARLEY. The father was a pioneer settler in Washington County, Iowa, having come from Ohio in 1839 and is of Scotch-Irish descent. He was born in Ohio in 1811, and is still living, at the age of seventy-nine years. He was the father of thirteen children, seven of whom are now living, namely: Nancy, John, Harvey, Noah, Sarah M., William and Andrew. Mr. And Mrs. YOUNG are the parents of four children: Jeanette, Minnie A., Edward B., and Orrin R.

Young, Joseph F.

JOSEPH F. YOUNG, Jr., dealer in livestock, Council Bluffs, was born in this city, June 2, 1868, the son of J. F. and Mary A. YOUNG; was educated three years at the Western Iowa College here. At the age of fourteen he commenced handling livestock for his father, and at eighteen years of age he entered into partnership with S. H. BULLARD, and for a year was engaged with him in buying and shipping stock. Then he again entered partnership with his father, and was with him until June 1890, when he once more commenced upon his own hook, and he is now doing an extensive business dealing in cattle and horses. He is a Republican in his political sympathies. For his wife he married, May 14, 1890, Miss Lillie B. GARNER, who was born in this city, June 3, 1870.

Mickelwait & Young

MICKELWAIT & YOUNG, grain dealers at Macedonia, is one of the leading and solid business firms of that place. Their elevator, having a capacity of 30,000 bushels, was built by Mr. T. J. YOUNG, the junior member of the firm, and T.J. EVANS. The present firm have 100,000 bushels of grain annually; also do a large flour and coal business. Mr. YOUNG is the business manager at this place, while Mr. MICKELWAIT resides at Glenwood, Mills County. Mr. YOUNG was born in Peru, LaSalle Co, Illinois, February 8, 1855, a son of Nason YOUNG, a native of Ireland, and of Susanna (KIRBY) YOUNG. Nason YOUNG settled in LaSalle Co. in 1845, long before the day of railroads, and for a number of years was engaged in the lumber trade. The first business in which our subject engaged was in 1878, in grain, in which he was in partnership with his brother. Then, removing to Omaha, he was employed in meat-canning for a year. In 1880 he came to Macedonia, resuming the grain trade. He is an experienced and popular businessman, and has taken an active interest in the welfare of the community; has served on the School Board 9 years. In politics, he is a Republican. He is a member of Lodge No. 421 I.O.O.F., having filled all the chairs. He was married in 1887 at Bloomington, Indiana, to Miss Lizzie Belle PITMAN, who died July 19, 1888.

Young, William O.

WILLIAM O. YOUNG has been a resident of Pottawattamie County since 1876. He was born in Seneca County, Ohio, near Tiffin city, September 16, 1848. His father, Alfred Young, was a native of Maryland, and his mother, Sarah (MONTIETH) YOUNG, was born in Ohio, of Scotch ancestry. William O. was but a small boy when his parents came to Iowa in 1856, and settled in Iowa County, near Marengo. The parents still reside in Iowa County, on a farm where they have lived since 1861. They are consistent members of the Methodist Church, and in his political views the father is a Republican.

William O. was reared at farm work and was educated in the public schools of Iowa. In 1876, as already stated, he came to Pottawattamie County, and in 1878 he bought his present farm, eighty acres of which had been broken. On this place he has made many improvements, and now has one among the best farms in the neighborhood. He has a large frame residence, which was erected at a cost of $1,400. It is well situated and is surrounded by shrubs and shade and ornamental trees. Near by is a fine orchard of about three acres. Mr. Young's barn is 34 x 36 feet, with 16-foot posts. He has yards, feed lots, a wind-mill, and other farm conveniences. He devotes his time to general farming and stock-raising, and everything about the premises shows the prosperity which has attended his labors.

Mr. Young was married at the age of twenty-six years, in Iowa County, to Miss Alice TIBBLES, a native of New York State. She was reared there and in Wisconsin. The three children born to them are Bertie, Orley and Elsie. Politically Mr. YOUNG is a Republican.

Zahner, Jacob

JACOB ZAHNER, a prosperous farmer of Rockford Township, was born in Switzerland, October 2, 1819, the son of Jacob and Mary Ann (KANE) ZAHNER, natives also of that country. The father was a lumber merchant and died in 1828. His wife, also a native of Switzerland, was the daughter of a blacksmith who died shortly after Napoleon passed with his army through that country. In their family were six children: Casper Joseph, Josephine, and Hersence, born in Switzerland; Jacob, our subject, besides a son and a daughter deceased.

Jacob, the eldest, was brought up to the tradeoff his father. At the age of twenty-nine years, he sailed from the port of Havre de Grace for America, landing in New York in 1847, and visited or resided for a short time at the following points: Sandusky, Ohio, until the next spring; in Michigan, in the pineries, one year; New Orleans a short time; Vicksburg, Mississippi until March; Sandusky again a short time; Michigan again, working for the same lumber company as before, for five years; and while there, September 1849, he married Catharine MONDINGER, a daughter of Jacob and Catharine MONDINGER, natives of Wirtemburg, Germany. She was but a while when her parents died. She was born October 29, 1820, and came to America in 1848, residing in New York for a time and then in Sandusky, and then in Michigan until she was married. A year after ward, Mr. ZAHNER moved to Dubuque, Iowa, bought a tract of land and resided upon it three years. Selling out he came to Pottawattamie County, crossing the state by ox teams, and, after remaining in Council Bluffs a few weeks in order to look around on both sides of the Missouri, he finally selected his present locality on section 1, Rockford Township, buying eighty acres of wild prairie, covered in a great part with plum brush. Here he passed through the almost uniform experience of pioneer life, dwelling in a log house, cutting off the brush, breaking the prairie with oxen and suffering all the privations and tedious monotonies of the frontiersman in establishing a comfortable home for himself and family, and he has been thus led to witness all the changes in which he has been an actor, and in which his neighbors have also participated in developing the country to its present high standing. He now has a fine residence, barns and out buildings, orchards, and shade trees, etc. But in order to produce these grand results, he has had to exercise his pluck and energy, with at least fair health.

He is a Republican on national issues, but of course in the local elections, he votes independently. He has been School Director for a number of years. He and his family are members of the Catholic Church of Honey Creek, being zealous in the cause of religion, morality and education. His children are: Josephine, wife of Thomas WILSON of Rockford Township; Frances, residing in Harrison County; Catharine, wife of Thomas KINYON and residing in Harrison County; Elizabeth, at home; Mary, Mrs. Ed RYNE, residing in Boomer Township; and John, a resident of Rockford County.

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