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Welicome to the 1891 Biographical History of Pottawattamie County


Saint, James

JAMES SAINT, section 35, Waveland Township, is numbered among the early settlers and successful citizens of this part of Pottawattamie county Iowa. Mr. Saint was born in Hamilton County, Ohio, ten miles from the mouth of the Little Miami River, Oct 27, 1830. His father, James Saint Sr. was born in Massachusetts, a descendant of one of the Pilgrims who landed on Plymouth Rock. Mr. Saint had two uncles who served in the War of 1812, one being killed and the other wounded. These were brothers of his father. James Saint Sr. married Jane Allen, a native of Pennsylvania. Her father, William Allen, was a relative of William Allen, ex-Governor of Ohio. To Mr and Mrs Saint five sons and five daughters were born, James being the sixth child. The father died in Ohio in 1861. He had been a farmer all his life, and was a Republican. The mother is now 85 years old, and resides at Louisville, Kentucky. Mr. Saint spent his youth on a farm in Hamilton County, Ohio, chopping wood, clearing land and doing other farm work, and during the winter months got what education he could in the little log schoolhouse. In 1858 he went to Pike's Peak in search of gold. From there he continued his way across the plains to California. After a sojourn of two years on the Pacific Coast he came back as far as Iowa, traveling on horseback, and bringing with him a pack horse. During the journey he camped out at night and did his own cooking. In 1861 Mr. Saint bought land in Pottawattamie County, Iowa, but soon the war broke out and he entered the service of his country. He enlisted in Company I, 23d Iowa Infantry, one of the best regiments that ever went to the front. Mr. Saint participated in many important engagements, among which we note the following: the battles of Port Gibson, Jackson, Mississippi, Champion Hill, Black River Bridge, the siege of Vicksburg, New Orleans, the Red River expedition, and several others. He was honorably discharged at Harrisburg, Texas, after which he returned North. At the close of the war Mr. Saint located at Lewis, Cass county, Iowa, where he worked at the carpenter's trade for some time. In 1866 he married Miss Elizabeth Hamilton, a native of Ohio and daughter of James and Elizabeth (Long) Hamilton, also natives of Ohio. The year he was married Mr. Saint settled on a farm of 120 acres where he now lives, being among the first settlers of the neighborhood. He is now the owner of 240 acres of well improved land. He has a good frame house and large barn, 30 X 45 feet. He also has other farm buildings, a windmill and good fences. Mr. Saint gives his attention to general farming and stock raising. He and his wife are the parents of five children: George, William, who is now attending college at Shenandoah, Iowa; Inez, James and Earl. Mr. Saint is much interested in educational matters and is giving his children the benefit of a good education, so that they will be fitted to occupy useful positions in life. He is a Republican and has served as township clerk. Is a member of the Masonic fraternity having been made a Mason in Ohio. Mrs. Saint and the three oldest children are members of the Christian Church.

Sapp, William Fletcher

COLONEL WILLIAM FLETCHER SAPP of Council Bluffs, Iowa, was born at Danville, Ohio, November 20, 1824. His grandfather, Daniel SAPP, was born and reared in Maryland, near Frostburg, from which state he emigrated to Ohio, settling in the eastern part of Knox County, adjoining and on the south side of Danville, which takes its name from his, where he lived and reared a large family, having married before emigrating from Maryland, Mary ROBINSON. Daniel SAPP was one of the early pioneers to Knox County, Ohio, passing through all the vicissitudes and trials of a pioneer life. He was the first county surveyor of his adopted county, which was the only office held by him, excepting that of Justice of the Peace, which latter office he held for many years prior and up to his death. Daniel Sapp, the Grandfather, and Carl SAPP, with three other brothers, served in the War of 1812.
John SAPP, the father of the subject of this sketch, was Daniel SAPP's oldest child; he was born in Knox County, Ohio, and continued to live there until his death, which occurred in December 1833. John SAPP married Elizabeth MYERS, who was born at Cumberland, Maryland. She emigrated, when but a child, with her parents to Knox County, Ohio, where she was married to John SAPP. At the death of John SAPP, he left his widow and three children to survive him, two daughters, Angelina and Louisa, and a son, the subject of this sketch. The eldest daughter married Dr. Allmon F. STANLEY, both of whom are now dead. Louisa was married in Knox County, Ohio, where she is still living, having reared a family of two sons and three daughters, all of whom are married.
From this sketch it will be seen that William Fletcher SAPP is of Maryland stock, the parents of both his father and mother having been reared in Maryland. John SAPP was what was commonly called a very prosperous and thrifty man, and was greatly beloved by all who knew him, for his honesty, generosity, and superior judgement. At his death, he left his widow and children in very good circumstances for that day. Prior to his death, John SAPP made arrangements to move his family to St. Louis, Missouri, and in furtherance of that design, he converted all his property into available means. On his death-bed, he purchased a farm, upon which his widow maintained herself and raised her three children. The farm adjoined the town of Danville on the west, and to this day it is looked upon as one of the best farms in that part of the country.

William Fletcher SAPP continued to live with his mother and sisters, working on the farm in the summer and attending the public schools in the winter, taking but little interest in education further than to identify himself with the debating societies or lyceums then prevalent in that community, and in which he, when but a young boy, became a prominent debater. At the age of fifteen years, he began putting in much of his time during the summer months in reading, and in such other studies as he was able to master without a tutor, still continuing to attend the public schools in the winter seasons. At the age of 18 years, he attended school at the Martinsburg Academy, an institution of higher learning under the management of the Presbyterian Church in his native county. When he felt himself qualified for that purpose, he commenced teaching school in the winter seasons and attending school at the academy in the summer, and continued doing so until he commenced reading law in the spring of 1847 in the office of Hon. Columbus DELANO and Hon. William R. SAPP, his uncle, in the now beautiful and prosperous city of Mt. Vernon, Ohio, the county seat of Knox County.

His aptitude in debate gave him a liking for the law, and he had scarcely begun readying for his chosen profession until he was employed by his friends and admirers to attend cases before justices of the peace. It is his pride now to tell that during the time he was a law student, he made enough in petty cases before justices of the peace to maintain himself, and when admitted to the bar to buy a small library of books with which to commence practice. The rapidity with which he ran into practice after his admission to the bar was most remarkable, having had during the very first term following his admission, a dozen or more cases in the Court of Common Pleas of Knox County. He was admitted to the bar on the 27th day of June 1850, and immediately opened a law office with Hon. Walter H. SMITH, then a young man who had read law in the same office with him. He was engaged in the trial of a number of important civil and criminal cases during the first year of his admission. His success in his practice, and his ability in the trial of jury cases led his Whig friends to put him on their ticket as their candidate for the office of Prosecuting Attorney in the fall of 1850. At that time, Knox County was nearly 900 Democrats. The Democrats had nominated General George W. MORGAN as their candidate, he having returned from the Mexican War with an enviable reputation for his services rendered therein. When the official votes were counted, it was ascertained that General MORGAN had but thirty-two majority over Mr. SAPP, who was then a mere boy.

In 1854, at the formation of the Republican party, he took an active stand in the organization of this new party, was nominated, without being a candidate for the office of Prosecuting Attorney, and was elected over James G. CHAPMAN, his Democratic opponent, by 800 majority. In 1856 he was re-elected over Hon. Charles SCRIBNER, now of Toledo Ohio. In 1856 he was engaged in making political speeches for three months and more, being called upon to go far and near, and so exposed himself during that campaign that his health seriously failed him.

On December 29, 1856, he was married to Mary C. BROWN of Mt. Vernon, Ohio, daughter of Captain Richard Montgomery BROWN, he having commanded a company during the War of 1812. Miss Mary C. BROWN was a most accomplished and beautiful girl, and was, in the truest sense of the term, a helpmate to her husband all through life.

But few young men succeed on their own merits in acquiring so lucrative a practice as William Fletcher SAPP did at the bar of his native county in Ohio. His reputation as a young man of ability in his own profession was not confined to his own county, but extended almost through the whole state of Ohio. He often refers to his early practice, saying that from 1850 until 1860 he made more money in the practice of law then he has ever made in the same length of time since. From 1856 to 1860, his health was such at he decided to remove to a locality where the atmosphere was purer and dryer than that of central Ohio; and in the fall of 1859, he started out in search of a new locality. After traveling very considerably through the west, he made up his mind to remove to Omaha, Nebraska, which he did in the spring of 1860, where he again entered upon the practice of his profession. Omaha was then a village of from 1,800 to 2,000 inhabitants, and that now prosperous city and the Territory of Nebraska had not recovered from the crisis of 1857. In the summer of 1861, he was appointed Adjutant General of Nebraska Territory, by Governor Alvin SAUNDERS, and in the fall of that year, he was nominated a member of the Territorial Legislative Committee by the Republicans of Douglas County to fill the vacancy occasioned by the resignation of General John M. THAYER, and was elected to that position by the people over Hon. John I. REDDICK, then a prominent attorney of Omaha, which position he filled to the entire satisfaction of the people of that county.

In 1862, Major General POPE issued an order for a regiment of cavalry to be raised in the Territory of Nebraska, to serve for nine months on the frontier against the Indians, and relieve the regular army then stationed at Fort Kearney and other military posts. As Adjutant General, he aided Governor Saunders in raising said regiment, and was appointed Lieutenant Colonel of that regiment by the Governor. During the time of his military service, he was put in command of the Department of the Platte upon the resignation of General James CRAIG, of St. Joseph, Missouri, which position he filled until he was relieved by General McKANE. Before the Second Nebraska Cavalry was mustered out of service, Colonel Sapp had made arrangements for a law partnership with Samuel Clinton of Council Bluffs; and, after spending the winter with his family in Ohio, he came to Council Bluffs and entered into practice under the arrangement so made with Judge CLINTON, under the firm name of Clinton & Sapp. They had a large and lucrative practice in Pottawattamie and adjoining counties, practicing law in the Federal as well as State courts.

In the fall of 1865, he was elected to represent Pottawattamie County in the State Legislature, which position he filled with distinction, and during the session of which he was a member, he introduced and had passed a bill locating the Deaf and Dumb Asylum at the city of Council Bluffs. He also introduced and had passed through the House of Representatives a bill for holding the State Supreme Court at Council Bluffs. He was a most efficient and active member. He declined a re-election to the Legislature. In 1869, he was appointed United States District Attorney for the State of Iowa, by President Grant, filling that position four years with honor and credit. It is said that his success in that office, as shown by the report of the Attorney General of the United States, is considerably in excess of that of any other United States Attorney for that period.

He was nominated by the Republican Party as their candidate for Congress in the Eighth Congressional District to the Forty-fifth Congress. At that time, the District was composed of the following counties: Adams, Audubon, Cass, Fremont, Harrison, Mills, Montgomery, Page, Pottawattamie, Ringgold, Shelby, Taylor, and Union. He was elected over Hon. Lemuel R. BOLTER, the Democratic and Greenback candidate, by over 4,000 majority in the above named counties, and was again re-nominated by the Republicans as their candidate to the Forty-sixth Congress without opposition and was re-elected as their Representative from the Eighth congressional District, receiving 15, 343 votes against 7,453 votes for Colonel John H. KEATLEY, Democrat, and 7,760 votes for Mr. HICKS, National.

During the time he was a Representative from the Eighth Congressional District, he introduced and secured the passage of a bill providing for holding the United States Circuit Courts at the times and places where the U.S. District Courts were then held - that is, at Dubuque, Des Moines, Keokuk, and Council Bluffs. He also succeeded in getting bills passed through Congress, giving to the city of Council Bluffs Big Lake and Carter Lake, which are now the properties of said city. He also introduced and had unanimously reported by the Committee on Public Grounds in both the Forty-fifth and Forty-sixth Congresses, a bill for the purchase of grounds and erection of a Government building at the city of Council Bluffs; but, owing to the stern opposition of Hon. Samuel J. RANDALL, then Speaker of the House of Representatives, to appropriations for Government Buildings, he was refused a recognition to move and suspend the rules and have the bill passed, at both sessions, which doubtless he would have procured but for the stern opposition of the Speaker.

As a representative in Congress, he devoted himself most assiduously to all the wants and interests of the people of his district. It is said of him that during the time he so represented the people, he was never absent from a roll call during either the forty-fifth or the Forty-sixth congress. It can be said of him justly, that there was never a murmur against him as an officer as respects his integrity, honesty and application to his duties. From the time he was admitted to the bar, he devoted himself most assiduously to the practice of law, excepting while he was in the military service and in Congress, and may be said to be a very successful practitioner.

The Union Pacific Railroad Company undertook to procure a separate bridge charter over the Missouri River. Against this scheme, Colonel Sapp took a most active interest; went to Washington and, mainly through his influence, the proposition for the bridge charter making the terminus of the Union Pacific at Omaha, was defeated. Subsequent to this, he, assisted by others, procured the necessary legislation to compel the Union pacific Railroad Company to build their bridge as a part of the line of their road, and to compel them to perform their legal obligations, and authorized proceedings by mandamus to compel them to do so. After this provision passed Congress, he took an active part in the litigation following to compel the Union Pacific Railroad Company, by mandamus, to operate their road as a continuous line to and from Council Bluffs. This decision was a matter of vital interest to the city of Council Bluffs, and its terminus was greatly to its advantage.

After the firm of Clinton & Sapp dissolved, Colonel SAPP formed a partnership with Hon. Joseph LYMAN and Hon. S. J. HANNA, the firm being known as Sapp, Lyman & Hanna. In a short time, Judge Hanna removed to Chicago, after which the firm name was Sapp & Lyman, which firm continued for 15 years, during all of which time they did a very extensive law practice in the State and Federal courts. January 1, 1884, Hon. Joseph LYMAN was appointed Judge of the Circuit Court by Governor SHERMAN. Immediately upon Major Lyman going upon the bench, Colonel Sapp formed a partnership with N.M. PUSEY, a prominent attorney of Council Bluffs, since which time he has continued in the active practice of the law, the firm name being SAPP & PUSEY. Whether we view him as a practicing attorney, as a citizen, or as an officer, his record is a most honorable one. He is a man of very quick and active perception, a very retentive memory and very superior judgement.

Colonel and Mrs. SAPP were the parents of three children, of whom one son still survives, William F., Jr., the eldest; two sons died in infancy. Mrs. SAPP was a daughter of Captain Richard Montgomery BROWN, who commanded a company during the War of 1812, and was at the battle where Hull surrendered; but rather than surrender, he marched his troops through the wilderness to Mansfield, Ohio, and continued in the service until the close of the war, after which he located at Mount Vernon, Ohio. He was a native of New England, and was remotely related to Daniel Webster. At the end of the war, he married Miss Mary HONN, a resident of Knox County, Ohio. She was a native of Hagerstown, Maryland. They resided in Mount Vernon, Ohio, where Captain BROWN was engaged in the mercantile business, from which he retired with a competency. They reared a large family of six sons and four daughters, Mary C., the wife of our subject, being the second daughter.

Since the above was written, Colonel W.F. SAPP has died, his death occurring on November 22, 1890, just one day and a half after his sixty-sixth birthday. His death was considered a public calamity, and he was mourned by rich and poor, black and white alike. Resolutions of respect and condolence were passed by many organizations in Council Bluffs and surrounding counties, and for the first time in the history of Pottawattamie County, and as an especial mark of respect, a day was appointed and observed by the bar of his home county, of which he was president, for memorial services, at which eulogies were pronounced upon his life and character. Colonel SAPP was laid to rest by the side of the wife he loved so well in the beautiful little cemetery at Mount Vernon, Ohio.

Sarr, H. M.

H. M. SARR, one of the well-known, enterprising and successful citizens of Garner Township, was born in Sullivan County, New York, August 11, 1824. His father, a native of Germany, married Mary HALL, who was born in Sullivan County, the daughter of John HALL, a native of Connecticut. Mr. SARR was reared upon a farm. September 25, 1952, at Wawarsing, Ulster County, New York, He married Miss Lorinda CHILDS, a lady of intelligence and education, who had been successful and popular teacher in the public schools. She was born in Sullivan County, New York, a daughter of Obadiah CHILDS, who was a native of Connecticut, and Charity, nee Thompson, also a native of Sullivan County. In 1856 Mr. SARR removed to Illinois, but in a few months came to Polk County, Iowa, where was then the western terminus of the railroad. The country then was in its original wild state. Here Mr. SARR began farming and continued until 1869, when he came to Pottawattamie County, first settling in Hardin Township. There he lived until 1876, when he located upon his present place in Garner Township, then wild prairie. Here he has made improvements until he has made a complete farm and comfortable home. At that place he has 160 acres, but altogether he owns 440 acres, all under cultivation and very valuable.

In his political views Mr. SARR is a Republican. He has served two terms as Township Trustee of Hardin Township, several terms as Justice of the Peace, etc. with credit. In 1888 he was delegate to the Republican State convention at Des Moines. He is a liberal supporter of education and religion, is a member of the Farmers' Alliance and Mrs. SARR is a member of he Baptist Church. They have two daughters; Viola, born in Sullivan County, New York and now the wife of J.B. MATHEWS, of Washington Township, this county; and Ellen, born in Polk County, Iowa, and now the wife of Fred S. CHILDS, of Garner Township. They lost two by death, namely; Mary Alice, the first of the children, born July 19, 1854 and died September 21, 1855; John, the youngest child and only son, born March 28, 1866 and died December 7, 1866.

Schlicht, John

JOHN SCHLICHT, one of the prominent land owners of Lincoln Township, was born in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany, November 7, 1842, son of Jurgen SCHLICHT, a farmer and land owner of that country. He was married to Anna OBITZ who died in the year 1881 in Pottawattamie County, Iowa, and they had two children: John and Catherine. Mr. SCHLICHT came to America in 1870 and settled on land owned by his son John, our subject. He lived to the age of 65 years and died in this county. He was a member of the Lutheran Church and was a hard working and honest man.

John SCHLICHT, the subject of this sketch, was reared to farm life and remained at home until he was 27 years of age. In 1868 he came to America to improve his circumstances, landing in New York. He came to Clinton County, Iowa, where he worked for his father-in-law, who had come to this country at the same time, and who had brought with him $3,000 which he invested in land in Clinton County. Mr. SCHLICHT remained with him one year, and then went to Tama County, where he rented a farm and remained seven years.

In 1875 he came to Pottawattamie County and bought 80 acres of wild land, which by industry and economy, he has converted into a fine, fertile farm, and to which he has since added until he now owns 775 acres. He came to this country with nothing but his hands and a strong desire to make a success here, and he has worked and saved until he now owns a fine, large farm.

He is one of our most substantial farmers, a man of integrity of character who stands high as an honest and upright citizen. He is a large stock raiser and owns three stallions and two improved Belgians, costing $2,000. He has worked all his life that his children might have an inheritance that would enable them to become independent citizens.

Mr. SCHLICHT was married in 1868 in Germany to Margaret MICHAELSON, and to them have been born 11 children: Jurgen, Hans, Anna, Jane, Phoebe, Margaret, Mary, Catherine, John, Lizzie and William.

Schmoock, B. C. [sic. should be A. C. Schmoock; likely August Schmoock via 1880 census]

B.C. SCHMOOCK, architect and superintendent of building, came to Council Bluffs in March 1889 and opened an office in rooms 3 and 4, Marcus Block, and in August following, he established an office also in Hunt's block, South Omaha. He has erected some very fine buildings, among which we may mention the double residences of Mrs. S.A. STILLMAN, and the residences of O.W. BUTTS, L. HEBDRICKS, C.L. GILLETTE, M. CALLAHAN, J. STROCK, Mrs. E. WEGENER's block, Porter Bros.' fruit warehouses, the residence of C.M. HUNT in South Omaha, the cottages of J.L. PAXTON, the residence of P. COCKRELL, South Omaha, and William KELLY, etc.

Mr. SCHMOOCK was born in Detroit, Michigan, August 3, 1864, son of William and Louisa (OTTO) SCHMOOCK, natives of Germany who are still residents of Detroit. He was reared in that city. For two years, he studied drawing under the instruction of Mr. MELCHERS, the sculptor of Detroit, and while in that city he made the charts for the school statistics and institutions of the State of Michigan, which were exhibited at the New Orleans exposition in 1884, and are now in the State library at Lansing, Michigan. He was only 19 years of age when he drew these charts. He spent five years in the office of Hess & Racemen, architects and superintendents in Detroit.

In July 1888, he came to Council Bluffs. He is a Democrat in his politics, is a member of the I.O.O.F., and is destined to make his mark in the business circles of this city.

Schultz, J. H.

J.H. SCHULTZ, a farmer of Lewis Township, is a native of Schleswig, Germany, born January 13, 1838, son of J.F. and A.M. (RASACKER) SCHULTZ. The parents came to this country in 1866 to Scott County, Iowa. The father, a shoemaker by trade, died in Cass County, Iowa, in 1886, and the mother in Chariton County, Missouri, in 1876. They had a family of 7 children: Maggie, wife of Chris LECKBENT, residing in Cass County, Iowa; J.H., our subject; Fred, a resident of Council Bluffs; Rudolph of Cass County, Iowa; Nicholas, a farmer of Pottawattamie County; Dora, wife of Henry KOCH, residing in Nebraska, and Augusta, deceased; also Christ, residing in Pottawattamie County.

J.H. SCHULTZ, our subject, was reared in his native county until he was 19 years of age. He received his education in the common schools and learned the trade of carpenter, after which he came to America and located at Davenport, Iowa, where he spent about 12 years. He first worked in a machine shop one year, and then was engaged in farming and carpenter work. He had a farm of 190 acres about 12 miles from Davenport, Iowa, which he sold, and in 1870 removed to Missouri. Here he purchased a farm of 160 acres in Chariton Co., where he made his home for 10 years, but owing to a failure of crops, he disposed of his farm and came to Pottawattamie County in 1880. He rented land for about two years, and then purchased his present farm of 160 acres on section 15, Lewis Township. When Mr. SCHULTZ took possession of this place, it was in a wild condition, but he went to work with a will to make a comfortable home and today has one of the best farms in this part of the county. His home is surrounded with shade and ornamental trees, and he has erected good barns for stock and grain. He has a double granary for corn, capable of holding 5,000 bushels of corn, and he also has a barn which will shelter 100 hogs, built on the latest improved plan, furnished with a furnace and cook-pan for cooking feed. He has, in connection with his farming, done considerable carpenter work in the county; he now devotes much of his time to the raising of cattle and hogs. In political matters he is a stanch Democrat.

Mr. SCHULTZ was married January 13, 1860, to Mary HANSEN, who was born in Schleswig, Germany, December 14, 1830, daughter of Dudley and Sophia (NACHDIGALL) HANSEN. The father died in Germany about 1863 and the mother died in Scott Co, Iowa, in 1868. Mr. and Mrs. HANSEN were the parents of 8 children, of whom six died in the old country and two came to America: George born in1 833 and a resident of Cass Co, Iowa, and Mrs. Schultz, the wife of our subject. Mr. and Mrs. SCHULTZ are the parents of 8 children: John F., born October 19, 1859, and is a resident of Council Bluffs; Julius, born July 17, 1861, and is a farmer of Pottawattamie County; George, born November 15, 1863, and is a farmer of Mills Co., Iowa; Anna, born September 15, 1865, and is the wife of Charles SCHNOR, residing in Pottawattamie Co; Edward, born December 17, 1866, residing at home; Margaretta, born November 25, 1869, at home; and Henry born June 28, 1872, also at home. Mr. and Mrs. SCHULTZ are members of the German Lutheran Church, and are among the worthy and most respected citizens of the county.

Scott, G. W.

G.W. SCOTT of Hazel Dell Township is a native of Cambridgeshire, England, born July 16, 1843, son of George and Ann (COOPER) SCOTT, both natives of England. They were married in their native country, came to America in 1856, and located in Kane Township, Pottawattamie County, where they made their home for 20 years, but died in Hazel Dell Township. The father was a farmer by occupation, having improved 160 acres of land in this county. They were associated with the Reorganized Church of the Latter-Day Saints. They had a family of 12 children, only five of whom still survive, and of whom G.W. SCOTT is the second oldest child living.

He was reared on a farm and received his education in the common schools. He came to this county with his parents, and has since made it his home. He has assisted largely in building up and developing this section. When he was 19 years of age, he started out in life for himself, working out by the month. Mr. SCOTT made his first purchase of real estate in 1873 on section 22, Hazel Dell Township, consisting of 80 acres of raw prairie. He then took up 80 acres adjoining, on the same section, as a homestead and on which was a small frame residence, which now does duty as a poultry house. In 1883 he erected his present handsome residence, a dwelling 28 X 16 X 18 feet, and also erected good barns for stock and grain and made many other improvements. He has planted three acres of grove and two and a half acres of orchard, and the entire place denotes thrift and energy. He has added to his first purchase until he now owns 245 1/2 acres of the best land in the county. He devotes himself to farming and stock raising, and takes an interest in all the better grades of stock.

Politically Mr. SCOTT is a stanch Republican, taking an active part in the political work of the county, state and nation. He is also a member of the Mutual Protection Society of Hazel Dell Township, and of the Farmers' Alliance. He is one of the wide-awake men of the county and has, by his honesty and integrity, won a large circle of friends and his life is a good example of what a man can accomplish who has the pluck to carry him through. Mr. SCOTT was married, Dec 31, 1863, to Miss Frances G. HORN, who was born in England, July 22, 1844, and who came to America when quite young. They have a family of 9 children: Anna R., deceased; Ida B., at home; Olive G., Lillie I., May E., Walter G., deceased, Henry T., at home, John F., Ivy Pearl. His granddaughter, Bessie F. BARNES, daughter of Anna R., resides with her grandparents, Mr. and Mrs. Scott.

Seward, Lorenzo D.

LORENZO D. SEWARD, one of the well known citizens of Pottawattamie County, was born in Adams County, Illinois, in 1841, son of Pitney Seward, who was a pioneer in that county. When he landed at Quency, there was but one house there. Byrum SEWARD, the grandfather of our subject, was a pioneer of Butler County, Ohio, and a cousin of Secretary SEWARD of Lincoln's administration. He served in the War of 1812. Pitney SEWARD was twice married; first to Mahala CASE, and they had eight children: Byrum, Julia, Harriet, Franklin, Lorenzo, Stephen, Elizabeth, and Alice. Mr. Seward's second wife was Harriet CASE, a sister of the first, and they had five children, only two of whom grew to maturity, Hattie and Sallie. Mr. Pitney SEWARD moved to Clark County, Missouri, about 1866, where he died at the age of seventy-two years; was born in 1811 and died in 1883. He was a member of the Christian Church, a substantial farmer, and was respected by all who knew him. He and his father were among the first pioneers to the western country.

Lorenzo D. was but ten years of age when he went to Ohio to live with his uncle, and but fourteen years of age when he came to Iowa in 1855 with his two brothers, Franklin and Stephen, landing at Keokuk, where he remained until 1858. In that year, he went to Story County and worked on a farm until 1859, when he went to Colorado, when Denver was but a small town, and worked in the mines and also at teaming. He drove a team across the plains from Leavenworth, Kansas, to Denver and other points. In 1863 he returned to Iowa and married Carrie F. LONG of Fremont County, Iowa. Her father was an old pioneer of that county, having settled there in 1859. He was from Wisconsin but was a native of Germany. He was the father of eleven children, viz.: Charles, Rosanna, Catharine, Mary, Maggie, Jacob, Carrie, Julia, Rachel, Henry and Clara. The father was a substantial farmer and died in Fremont County.

Mr. and Mrs. Lorenzo SEWARD are the parents of four children: Minnie, Henry, Katie and Effie L., who died in infancy. After marriage, Mr. Seward settled in Mills County, Iowa, where he worked in a saw mill for two years. He resided in that county until 1878 when he came to Pottawattamie County and settled on a farm. He purchased his present farm in 1880. He is a member of Hancock Valley Lodge, No. 439, I.O.O.F. In his political views, he is a Democrat and is Chairman of the Township Democratic Committee. He stands high in the community as an honorable man, and one who has had a wide experience in western life.

Addendum and Note to Researchers: L. D. Seward is shown in the 1885 Atlas of Pottawattamie County, Iowa, as owning 80 acres in section 20, Valley Township.

Seybert, Frank T.

FRANK T. SEYBERT, physician and surgeon, Council Bluffs, has been identified with the interests of Pottawattamie County since 1882. He is a native of Pennsylvania, born in Columbia County, April 13, 1859, a son of S.E. and S.M. (KNORR) SEYBERT, natives of Pennsylvania and of German extraction and of Quaker families. The youth of our subject was spent in attending the public school and the Normal School at Bloomsburg, Pennsylvania, and completed his education at Kingston Seminary. He began the study of medicine in the spring of 1877, under the preceptorship of Dr. B.F. GARDNER, of Bloomsburg, Pennsylvania; entered the Jefferson Medical College of Philadelphia in the fall of 1877, and graduated in the spring of 1881. After practicing in the hospital for a time, he came to Council Bluffs, in the spring of 1882, where he located and has since followed his profession, having built u a successful and lucrative practice. He was married June 20, 1888, to Miss Ida B. WIES, a daughter of F. WIES. They have one child – Frank Wies. Dr. SEYBERT is a member of the K. of P., St. Albans Lodge, No. 17; the Uniform Rank, Bluff Division, No. 27, holding the honorable position of Surgeon; also of the Red Men, Pottawattamie Tribe, No. 20, also holding the office of Great Medicine Man. He and his mother are members of the Episcopalian Church. He has held the office of City Physician and Health Officer for three years; is president of the staff at St. Bernard’s Hospital, is a member of the Council Bluffs Medical Society, serving as Treasurer; of the Iowa State Medical Society, of the Missouri Valley Medical Society, and of the American Medical Association. Politically, he is independent.

Sheldon, Luzern

LUZERN SHELDON, one of the prominent and successful farmers of Washington Township, Pottawattamie County, Iowa, located here in 1874. He was born in Trumbull County, Ohio, February 20, 1841. His father, Benjamin SHELDON, was a native of Connecticut, and a son of Jonathan SHELDON, who was born in New England. The ancestors of the SHELDON family were English people who came to Ohio in 1816, and settled in Fowler, Trumbull County. The mother of our subject, nee Ada AMES, was daughter of Benjamin AMES, also a New Englander. She was born in Massachusetts, and was married in Trumbull County, Ohio, to Benjamin SHELDON. They reared four children, as follows: Joel, a resident of Caro, Tuscola County, Michigan; Luzern; Sarah, Deceased; and DeEtte Browning, a resident of Geauga County, Ohio. Mr. And Mrs. SHELDON lived in Trumbull County until their death, the father dying at the age of sixty-three years. He was a farmer all his life, a Democrat and a member of the Christian Church.

Luzern SHELDON was brought up on the farm and was educated in the public schools of his native state. August 31, 1862, he wedded Miss Anna ANDREWS, a lady of intelligence and of a good family. She was born in Hartford, Trumbull County, Ohio, the daughter of Drayton ANDREWS. Her grandfather, Chester ANDREWS, was a Deacon in the Presbyterian Church. Mrs. SHELDON’s mother’s maiden name was Anna BATES. She was also born in Hartford, Trumbull County, Ohio, and was a daughter of Daniel BATES. She died and left four daughters, Mrs. SHELDON being only seven months old at that time. The father subsequently moved to Hillsdale, Michigan where he died at the age of seventy-six years. He was a merchant and a miller. In politics, he was a Republican and in religion a Presbyterian. The other three daughters are Lovina JONES, Fowler, Ohio; Fidelia FINNEY, who died in Trumbull County, Ohio; and Laura KING, a resident of Castlewood, South Dakota.

Mr. SHELDON lived in his native county until 1874, when he came to Iowa and bought 160 acres of land, his present farm. This country was then thinly settled, and for two years he was two miles and a half from his nearest neighbor. The wild land has been converted into a well-improved farm, with grove and orchard, barn and other necessary buildings. His house is one and a half stories, 14 X 24 feet, with a one-story addition, 14 X 20 feet. It is built in the southern style and is situated on a natural building site near the road.

Eight children have been born to Mr. And Mrs. SHELDON, namely: Homer L., is married and lives in Nebraska; Rev. Chester E. SHELDON was educated in Dixon, Illinois, is married and resides in Floyd County, Iowa; he is a minister in the Evangelical Church, has met with success in his labors to spread the Gospel, and is now only twenty-five years old; Benjamin, who was educated in Hillsdale, Michigan, is also a resident of Floyd County, Iowa; Guy A., who has been in Woodbury County, Iowa, the past year, is now at home; Frank is in Ohio; Clayton, at St. Paul, Minnesota, with his uncle; and Ettie K. and Anna Pearl are now attending the home school. Mr. SHELDON, his wife and seven of their children are members of the Evangelical Church. In political views, he is independent. He is a man in the prime of life and is regarded by all who know him as a worthy and respected citizen.

Sherraden, Charles H.

CHARLES H. SHERRADEN, the leading photographer, has been a resident of Council Bluffs since 1859. He is a son of Hon. Oliver P. SHERRADEN, who settled here with his family in that year. He was a well-known fruit raiser, and remained here until his death, which occurred November 13, 1881. He was a man of fine education and more than ordinary ability. He was a native of Ohio, and his wife, whose maiden name was Lydia M. JOHNSON, still resides in this city. She was a native of Buffalo, New York, and went to Canton, Illinois, with her father, Ira JOHNSON, a well-known citizen of that place, where he lived until his death, which occurred when he was eighty-six years of age. He was a great reader, a successful businessman, and held various local offices of trust. His wife died at the age of eighty-five years. Oliver P. SHERRADEN went to Canton, Illinois, when a boy, where he met and married his wife. He was a merchant at that place for a number of years. He came to Iowa at an early day and settled in the town of Richland, Keokuk County, where he engaged in general merchandising also, and represented that county in the Legislature at Des Moines. He and his wife had four children – two sons and two daughters.

The subject of this sketch, the eldest child, was born at Canton, August 26, 1845. He was about fourteen years of age when the family came to Council Bluffs. Received his education in the public schools of Council Bluffs, and was a clerk for William H. ROBINSON, a merchant, for four years. He was subsequently engaged in the fruit and confectionery business before entering into his present occupation. Mr. SHERRADEN enjoys the distinction of being the leading photographer and also of being the oldest in this business at Council Bluffs. Mr. SHERRADEN has the confidence of all. His patrons are not confined to Council Bluffs alone, as many people of Omaha and surrounding towns come to him for photographs, crayons, etc. He has the very best cameras and photographic apparatus in Western Iowa, and does strictly first-class work. We know this to be correct, as Mr. SHERRADEN has made most of the photographs from which the portraits in this volume were produced. Mr. SHERRADEN is a member of the Modern Woodmen Lodge, Hazel Camp, No. 71, and Knights of Pythias, Lodge No. 40. Mr. SHERRADEN has been twice married. His first wife was Luvenia YOUNG, who died in 1872. She left a son, who survived the mother but one month. The present wife of Mr. SHERRADEN was formerly Mary J. JONES. Mr. And Mrs. SHERRADEN have three daughters: Lulu, Vinie and Edith.

Shinn, Frank

FRANK SHINN, attorney at law at Carson, Iowa, was born in Jacktown, Adams County, Ohio, October 28, 1843, son of Rev. Allen Trimble SHINN, who was a nephew of Governor TRIMBLE and was a native of Hillsboro, Highland County, same state. The latter was a son of George SHINN, of an old Virginia Quaker family. Frank's mother's maiden name was Melinda FENTON. She was a native of Adams County, Ohio, and brought up in Kentucky. Her father, John FENTON, was a native of Pennsylvania, and her mother (maiden name Sarah Field) was born in Loudon County, Virginia.

Rev. A.T. SHINN went to Kentucky in ministerial work when his son Frank was 9 years old. Subsequently, in 1856 he was transferred to Marshalltown, Iowa, and two years later to Macedonia, this county, arriving March 4, 1858. Six months afterward he died, leaving a widow and six sons. Asa F., the eldest, enlisted in the First Nebraska Infantry in 1861, and died of typhoid fever at Syracuse, Missouri, thus leaving Frank as the eldest at home, to take care of his mother and the younger members of the family. He therefore remained with her until he was 25 years of age.

January 25, 1869, he married Miss Almira SCHENCK, a native of Parke County, Indiana, born near Rockville, a daughter of James M. SCHENCK, who was a native of Mechanicsburg, Ohio. Her mother, whose name before marriage was Alzina FISHER, was born at Ripley, Brown County, Ohio. Mrs. SHINN was 9 years of age when her father settled in Warren County, Iowa, in 1864. Afterward the family removed to Macedonia Township, Pottawattamie County.

Mr. SHINN has improved four different farms; two in Mills County, one in Montgomery County, and one on section 10, Grove Twp., Pottawattamie County. His first case at law occurred February 21, 1864, before Esquire GROOM in Macedonia Township, and it was such as to create considerable notoriety. He received two tons of hay as his fee.

Urged by H.C. WATKINS to study law, he complied, having to read of evenings and at length was admitted to the bar, April 16, 1876. In August 1877, he removed to Emerson, Mills County, and lived there until 1883 engaged in the law, and finally came to Carson where he has since made his home and has a good practice, his extensive acquaintance in this and adjoining counties being of great value to him.

As a public speaker he is fluent and impressive. He has also taken a prominent part in the temperance movement, working in favor of the prohibition amendment ever since 1874. In May 1882, he stumped western Iowa in favor of the prohibition constitutional amendment. As a candidate for State Senator in 1887, he ran 117 votes ahead of his ticket. He is the wheel-horse of the Republican party in western Iowa. He is a member of Coral Lodge No. 430, F.& A.M. at Carson.

Mr. SHINN has three daughters, namely: Linnie A., Kate L. and Myrtle I. He has lost two children by death; James A. at the age of 10 years and Addie at the age of 14 years. While residing where Marshalltown now is in 1857, Mr. SHINN cut his knee with a corn knife, which rendered him a cripple for life.

Sidener, Williams

WILLIAM SIDENER came to Wright Township, Pottawattamie County, in 1880 and has since made his home here. Mr. SIDENER was born in St. Joseph County, Michigan, December 2, 1833. His father, Jacob SIDENER, was born in Fayette County, Ohio, and his grandfather, Nicholas SIDENER, was a native of Kentucky, the Sideners being of German ancestry. Jacob SIDENER married Sarah FOX, who was born in Fayette County, Ohio, a daughter of Andrew and Sarah FOX, natives of Pennsylvania and of Pennsylvania Dutch ancestry. Both Mr. SIDENER and his wife were reared in Ohio. Some time after their marriage, they emigrated to St. Joseph County, Michigan, where they became pioneers. He entered a tract of Government land, and at one time owned 360 acres. They spent the remainder of their lives in St. Joseph County, the mother dying at the age of thirty-eight when her son, William, was about fifteen or sixteen years old. The father died at the age of sixty-seven years. He was a farmer and stock raiser and dealer, and his prosperity in life was due to his own well-directed efforts. Politically, he was a Republican, formerly a Whig. He was a member of the Methodist Church and an active and zealous worker in the cause of Christ. This worthy couple reared six children, William being the oldest of the family. Joseph, the second son, was a member of the Forty-first Iowa Infantry and was killed at the Battle of Shiloh.

The subject of this sketch was reared on his father's farm in Michigan. Arriving at the age of manhood, he was united in marriage in Lagrange County, Indiana, January 8, 1857, to Miss Catherine ROAT, a native of New York State, daughter of William and Emma (SMITH) ROAT. Her father was born and reared in New York state and died there at the age of forty-eight years, and her mother died in Lagrange County, Indiana, at about the same age. They reared a family of four sons and five daughters, Mrs. SIDENER being the fourth born.

In 1859, the subject of this sketch and his wife removed to LaFayette, Illinois, where they resided until 1880. In that year, they came to this county, and he bought his present farm of Abel GIFFORD, who had improved it. It consists of 160 acres, has a good frame house and other farm buildings, and all the surroundings are in a flourishing condition. The school-house in District No. 9 is situated on the southwest corner of the farm, and the Asbury Church is only sixty rods east of Mr. Sidener's residence; so he is in close proximity to both school and church privileges. He is engaged in general farming and stock raising. Mr. SIDENER and wife have three children, viz.: Ida B., Estella May wife of Fremont DEWITT, Wright Township; and Arthur G. They have three deceased, Roxelania, at the age of three years, and two who died in infancy.

Mr. Sidener's political views are in harmony with Republican principles. He and his wife and daughter, Ida, are members of the Asbury Methodist Episcopal Church. He is a man who has had much experience in the world, has traveled extensively, and is well informed on all general topics. He is a trustee of the church of which he is a member and takes an active interest in religious and educational matters.

Sides, John

JOHN SIDES, a real-estate, loan and insurance agent, one of the oldest established agencies in the eastern part of Pottawattamie County, is one of the representative businessmen of Carson, who has been a resident of this county since the spring of 1877. He was born in Dixon County, Indiana, February 15, 1840, the son of James and Elizabeth (THOMAS) SIDES, the former a native of Virginia and the latter of Tennessee. They reared five children, of whom James was the second child. The mother died in Logan County, Illinois, about 1870 and the father still resides in that county, engaged in farming. John SIDES was a lad of thirteen years when his father settled in Logan County, and here he grew to manhood, passing his youth upon a farm. He was at school when the War broke out, and at the time of Lincoln’s call for 300,000 more men, he enlisted, August 1862, in the 106th Illinois Volunteer Infantry, Company F. He served nearly three years, and was first under fire at Trenton, Kentucky, and Jackson, Tennessee. He was also in the siege of Vicksburg. His regiment went to Helena, Arkansas, and then to Little Rock, and from there to Duvall’s Bluffs. After the regiment left Helena, John SIDES was detailed on cavalry service, serving on General West’s staff, and served until the close of the War. He was honorably discharged at Mound City, Illinois, July 24, 1865, and then returned to Logan County, Illinois.

He first engaged in the mercantile business, but on account of failing health, he engaged in farming. In 1877 he came to Pottawattamie County and purchased 128 acres of wild land on section 2, Carson Township, situated one and a half miles from Carson, and part of it adjoins the town of Carson. Mr. SIDES is an active businessman, and besides his farm interests, he is engaged in real estate, loan and insurance business, representing ten standard and reliable companies. He has been engaged in this business eleven years, and his extensive acquaintance and his manner of doing the work have gained for him the confidence of the people. He is interested in Carson, and October 1889, built the two-story brick block, 26 X 65 feet, which is the best business house in the place. The first story is occupied by stores, and the second is divided into pleasant business rooms; the cost of the building was $3,500.

Mr. SIDES was married in Logan County, Illinois, September 7, 1866, to Miss Mary E. CHAPPELL, a native of Ohio, and daughter of Charles CHAPPELL. They have five children: William, who is a carpenter at Carson; L.F. at home; Charles, Emma, Orlando C. They have lost two by death: Hallie and Coone. Politically, Mr. SIDES is a Republican and is a strong advocate of the principles of that party. He has occupied many public offices and is a member of the G.A.R. Robert Provard Post, of Carson, No. 414. Mr. And Mrs. SIDES are members of the Presbyterian Church.

Siedentopf, William

WILLIAM SIEDENTOPF, a prominent real-estate dealer of Council Bluffs, was born in Hanover, Germany, in 1846, and came direct to this city in 1865, where he has since resided. He came by stage-coach, prior to the advent of the railroad. He has witnessed the "ups and downs" of the city of his adoption during the last quarter of a century, and has been closely identified with every move for its prosperity. His unlimited faith in the future of Council Bluffs and Pottawattamie County, is best evinced by his large holdings of real estate, and he is also one of the largest tax-payers in the county. Up to 1879 he was actively identified with the banking business of this city, and is now a director of the First National Bank. A term of three years as School Director and four years as Alderman, comprise his service in official life. While a member of the School Board, Mr. SIEDENTOPF was a firm advocate of the introduction of phonetic spelling and the re-organization of the high school, and strongly supported Professors Alexander GOW and W. H. HATCH, overcoming vigorous opposition in and out of the board. As a member of the City Council, the city finances received his careful study and attention, and to this day his counsel is frequently sought on that question. During his term of office (1882-'86), commencing with the operation of the present charter, the various improvements of paving, grading and sewering were inaugurated, and a new era in the prosperity of Council Bluffs may well be dated from that period.

In 1870 Mr. SIEDENTOPF and Miss Mary BURHOP, also of this city, were united in marriage, and of their three children, two survive: William F., aged nineteen, and Ella, fourteen. For several years past Mr. SIEDENTOPF has devoted almost his whole time to his large real estate interests.

Sims, Jacob

JACOB SIMS, attorney at law, of the firm of SIMS & SAUNDERS, is one of the representative members of the bar of Council Bluffs. The present firm was formed September 1, 1890, but Mr. SIMS has been a member of the bar of Pottawattamie County since January 1, 1879. His partner is Mr. C. G. SAUNDERS.

Mr. SIMS is a native of Wisconsin, having been born in Dodgeville, that state, November 30, 1850. His father, Rev. James SIMS, a well-known pioneer Methodist clergyman of that state, within whose borders he has preached for forty years, was until September 1890 the minister in charge at Prairie du Chien, but is now a resident of Council Bluffs, having retired from active work in the ministry. He is a native of Cornwall, England, but came to America when a young man. Mr. SIMS’ mother is also a native of England. He is the oldest of eight surviving children and is also the only son. Two brothers died in early life.

Mr. SIMS entered Lawrence University at Appleton, his native State, at the age of eighteen years. After spending one year in the preparatory department of this institution, he entered upon the regular classical college course, graduating in 1874. He then entered upon the profession of teaching, and was for a year principal of the Oconto High School. Deciding to enter the newspaper field, he went to Milwaukee, and was for some time on the editorial staff of a paper in that city. Then going to Minneapolis, he was engaged in the newspaper business for two and a half years; he then came to Council Bluffs and entered the law office of B.F. MONTGOMERY, Esq., a well-known lawyer of that city and was admitted January 4, 1879. He was for nearly four years associated with Hon. J.W. STONE, under the firm name of STONE & SIMS. Mr. STONE is the present Attorney General for the State of Iowa. The firm of SIMS & SAUNDERS is one of the prominent law firms of Council Bluffs.

Mr. SIMS is a finely educated gentleman, and was ever an earnest student. He took first honors of his class at college, being honored with the valedictory. He ever manifests the same earnest industry in his professional calling that characterized his career at college. On January 11, 1887, Mr. SIMS was united in marriage with Miss Anna H. SQUIRE, who before her marriage was a successful teacher a number of years. Mrs. SIMS is a daughter of the late Daniel SQUIRE, of Ottumwa, Iowa, who died in February 1890. He was formerly of Rockford, Illinois, where his body lies buried. Mrs. SIMS was born and educated in Rockford. Her mother is still a resident of Ottumwa. Mr. And Mrs. SIMS have three children, a son and two daughters – James Daniel, Mariana, and Katharine.

Sivers, John H.

JOHN H. SIVERS , a prominent citizen of Belknap Township, was the first white boy born in Mills County, Iowa, July 19,1849, his parents being John and Mary Ann (LEADER) SIVERS, both natives of Lincolnshire, England. The parents arrived in Mills County, July 4, 1849, where the father operated a mill at Glenwood, the first mill in Mills county: his death occurred March 31, 1880. His widow still resides on the old farm in Mills County, near Glenwood, at the age of sixty-seven years. They were the parents of twelve children, six of whom grew to maturity and the three eldest were born in England.

John H., the fourth in the above family, remained on the farm in his native county---- attending the common schools there---- until 1881, when he came to this county, settling on 120 acres of wild prairie land, on section 7, Belknap Township, which he has since improved and made his home. For his residence he has a good cottage, 26 x 32 feet, on a natural building site, a fine barn, cattle sheds, feed-lots, a corn building 29 x 48 feet, with an L 16 x 18 feet and also a story and a half in height; and on the premises are also a barn, grain cribs and all the appurtenances required for the convenient management of the place, which is now conducted by James Pratt. Mr. SIVERS devotes his attention mainly to stock-raising and in this business he is very successful. He was married in Mills County, November 11, 1869 to Sarah C. MEADOWS, who was born in Saline County, Missouri, August 22, 1852, the daughter of Isaac and Rhonda (GRANGER) MEADOWS, the former a native of Virginia and the latter of Tennessee. Her parents reared twelve children and they settled in Mills County in 1853, being among the first families to locate in that county. In 1883 they removed to Florida , settling near Anthony, Marion County. Isaac Meadows' death occurred December 30, 1890.

Mrs. SIVERS was reared and educated in Mills County. She is a woman of intelligence and a worthy companion and help to her husband. Mr. and Mrs. SIVERS have six children, viz.: Archibald C. Born October 20, 1870; Ida May, May 19, 1872; Warren L., December 30, 1875; Roy E. born December 7, 1877,; Guilla A. January 18, 1884 and John L., October 28, 1887 Politically Mr. SIVERS is a Republican, and has served in most of the township offices. Both he and his wife and three of the children are members of the Presbyterian Church. Mr. Sivers is Superintendent of the Sunday School and his daughter, Ida May is a teacher in the same. Mr. SIVERS is in the prime of life, giving his children a good education, and is highly esteemed by the community in which he resides.

Smart, George F. C.

CAPTAIN GEORGE F. C. SMART, one of the old soldier farmers of James Township, is the son of Caleb SMART, who was born in 1802 in New Hampshire. He was married in that state to Clarissa B. SMITH, and they were the parents of five children: George, Helen, Morill, Mayette and Hiram. In 1835 the father moved to Michigan and settled on a farm in Kalamazoo County, where he was one of the pioneer settlers. He died in 1840 at the early age of 38 years.

George F. C. SMART, our subject, was born in New Hampshire, July 18, 1833, and was but two years of age when his family moved to Michigan, and only seven years old when his father died. In the spring of 1852, at the age of 20 years, he went to California by way of New York City and the Isthmus, and was engaged in gold mining in the Indian diggings and Sonoma, and was also in the city of Sacramento, engaged in truck marketing. In 1857 he returned to Kane County, Illinois, where he engaged in farming, and next he went to Mercer County, Pennsylvania and engaged in railroad work and also worked for the express companies. In August 1862, he enlisted, when General LEE was invading Pennsylvania, in Company G, 145th Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry, as a private; was appointed Orderly Sergeant, then promoted as 2nd Lieutenant, then 1st Lieutenant, then Captain, for meritorious services and gallant conduct. His first battle was Antietam, and he was then in the battles of Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville and the Wilderness. He was captured and after 20 days paroled. He was at Libby Prison and was on duty at Annapolis, Maryland, until exchanged. Captain SMART was detailed to distribute paroled prisoners to different points, and then went into winter quarters with his regiment on the Rapidan River, where he received his promotion as Captain. He was in all the battles from Chancellorsville to Petersburg. He was again taken prisoner and was taken to Macon, Georgia, Charleston, and Columbus, South Carolina, where he remained imprisoned until nearly the close of the war. He then returned to Pennsylvania and was honorably discharged at Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, in 1865.

In that year, he was married to Lorretta McFARREN, daughter of Josiah and Martha McFARREN. Mrs. SMART had two brothers, Quincy and Julius, the former serving in the same regiment as her husband. To Captain and Mrs. SMART were born four children: Edward, Francis, Walter, and one who died in infancy. After marriage, Captain SMART went to Hannibal, Missouri, where he was engaged in the livery business. When the Black Hill mining excitement broke out, Captain SMART went there, and thence to Colorado and returned to Pennsylvania after an absence of nine months. In 1878 he came to Pottawattamie County, Iowa, and settled on a farm in James Township. He is a member of the G.A.R. No. 358, William Layton Post, Oakland, Iowa; and politically he is a Republican.

The Captain has taken an interest in good schools in his community, and has been elected School Director. He has had a varied experience in life, and stands deservedly high as an honorable and straightforward citizen. When the country needed men, he responded, was a good soldier, an efficient officer, and faithfully did his part and endured imprisonment with patience, and to such men we owe the preservation of this government.

Smith, E. C.

E. C. SMITH, Agency Director of the New York Life Insurance Company for Iowa and a portion of Nebraska, has his office at rooms 305 and 306, Sapp Block, Council Bluffs. This branch of the business was established here by him in 1883, since which time he has had it under his control, having at the present time over twenty-five men in his employ; and he has increased the yearly new business in Iowa from $1,000,000, written in 1883, to over $4,600,000, new business written in 1890, largely outstripping all competitors. This, however, is only one of the evidences of his activity and of the amount of work he has done. He has been associated with this company for over sixteen years, commencing in Vermont and operating afterward in New York state before coming here.

Mr. SMITH was born in St. Lawrence County, New York, February 13, 1841, the son of Harrison and Caroline (KENNEDY) SMITH, natives respectively of New York and Vermont. His ancestry has been American for several generations. He was eighteen years of age when he went to Castleton, Vermont, to attend school, graduating at Castleton Seminary about two years later. The five years following, he was engaged in the livestock business in New York state, Vermont, and Canada, shipping to Boston and other New England markets. The six years following this, he was engaged in general merchandising at Waterbury, Vermont. Finding that business too confining and circumscribed for his natural inclinations, he sold his store and connected himself with the New York Life. Being a live, energetic man, he stands at the head of his profession in the West.

He also owns and manages a large stock farm of about 1,500 acres in Monona County, this state, where he has about fifty head of horses, 700 head of cattle and as many hogs. His start at this farm occurred in this manner: In 1878 he came to Iowa, in the interest of the company with which he is now connected. His family came in 1880, locating near Onawa, where he purchased a tract of land with the proceeds of an endowment policy which he had taken out fifteen years previously. At different times, he added to this tract until it reached its present dimensions. He now looks back, attributing his success in acquiring this farm to that endowment policy taken early in life. His success in business is a sufficient guaranty not alone of his integrity and ability, but of the great company he represents. The best evidence, however, of its standing and worth is its yearly increasing patronage, having issued over $175,000,000 new insurance in the year 1890, which is more than all it had in force at the end of its first thirty years of existence.

Politically, Mr. SMITH is a Republican; religiously a member of the Congregational Church; and socially a member of Ivanhoe Commandery, No. 17, K.T.; also a member of the Scottish Rite order of Masonry.

Smith, James F.

JAMES F. SMITH, section 12, Silver Creek Twp., is one of the well known and successful men of his community. He came here in 1882 from Mills county, Iowa, where he had resided since 1877. A brief sketch of Mr. Smith's life is as follows:

He was born in LaPorte County, Indiana, November 5, 1835, a son of James F. SMITH Sr. His father was a native of New York state and was a hotel keeper all his life. He built and kept the Checkered Tavern near Buffalo, New York, and subsequently removed to Indiana where he was a popular and successful hotel manager, and where, in 1840, he was killed by a desperado at Hudson, LaPorte County. Mr. Smith's mother, India (DARBY) SMITH, was born in New York state. She died when James F. was two or three years old, and he was only five when his father's death occurred. Left an orphan thus early in life, he was reared by relatives in LaPorte County, Indiana, and in Southern Michigan, near Ann Arbor. He was brought up on a farm, and his education was obtained in the common schools and in the practical school of experience.

In 1870 he removed to Porter County, Indiana, where he resided seven years. He then sold the farm he had purchased at that place and came west to Mills County, Iowa. There he rented a farm of his brother-in-law, Josiah WEARING, one of the most prominent stockmen of that county. In 1882 he came to Pottawattamie County and purchased 160 acres of wild land at $12.50 per acre. He afterward bought 240 acres more. He is now the owner of 240 acres, having sold 80 acres to one of his sons, and the same amount to another.

Mr. Smith has a good frame house, 22 X 28 feet, one and a half stories, and an addition 20 X 16 feet, well situated, and surrounded with an orchard comprising two acres and a half. His granary is 20 X 20 feet, and he also has cribs, yards, feedlots, a windmill and everything to denote the thrifty and prosperous farmer. He is engaged in general farming and stock-raising.

At the age of 21 years, Mr. SMITH as married in LaPorte County, Indiana, to Sarah Jane COOPER, daughter of John and Mary (WALLDRUFF) COOPER, both natives of Pennsylvania. Mr. and Mrs. Smith have four children, as follows: Olive, wife of E.B. CARLEY, Silver Creek Township; Nevada, wife of G.R. COOK of the same township; and George L. and Frank M. also of Silver Creek Township.

Politically Mr. Smith is a strong and radical Republican. He and his wife were formerly connected with the Christian Church. Mr. Smith is a man in the prime of life, is cordial in his manner toward his fellowmen and is honorable in all his business dealings. He is numbered among the solid men of the township.

Smith, Peter

Peter SMITH, Alderman of the Fifth Ward, to which position he was elected in the spring of 1890, is at the head of the firm of Smith & Co., Union Bakery, which was established in 1883. They do a wholesale and retail trade, principally the former, their annual business amounting to $20,000. They ship to all of the towns within a radius of seventy-five to 100 miles by express.

Mr. SMITH has been a resident of Council Bluffs since April 7, 1867. He was born in Germany, November 6, 1840, the son of Peter and Anna (PETERSON) SMITH. The parents died in Germany when our subject was but a child, and when but ten years of age he came to this country with an uncle, locating at St. Louis, Missouri, where he grew to manhood. He remained there until 1865, during which time he was engaged as clerk in a grocery store. He then went to Booneville, Missouri, remaining until 1867, when he came to Council Bluffs, where he has since made his home. He was engaged in various vocations until he connected himself with the Muceller Music Company, of this city, with whom he remained eleven years. After leaving this firm he commenced his present business, which he has so far conducted successfully.

He has always affiliated with the Republican party, but has held himself aloof from political publicity. In 1890 he was elected City Alderman of the Fifth Ward, and carried his election by ninety-seven votes. He is a member of the I.O.O.F., No. 49, Council Bluffs Lodge, and also of the A.O.U.W., No. 270.

He was married, in 1868, to Mary MUELLER, who was born in Germany October 1, 1843, and they have a family of seven children: Frances, the oldest child, is the wife of Professor Charles BACTOUS, a resident of Omaha, Nebraska.

Smith, Walter I.

WALTER I. SMITH, one of the youngest, though most prominent members of the bar of Council Bluffs, is a native of this city, born July 10, 1862. His father George F. SMITH was an early resident of Council Bluffs. Mr. Smith was educated in the public schools of this city, graduating at the high school in the class of 1878. He began the study of law in August 1881, in the office of Colonel D.B. DAILEY, and was admitted in December 1882. After his admission he continued with Colonel Dailey until 1885, since which time he has been alone in practice.

Mr. Smith, though one of the youngest members of the bar of Pottawattamie Co, has already taken high rank as a lawyer and is recognized as a young man of marked ability, whose future gives promise of a most successful and useful career. Mr. Smith is a most industrious student of his profession and a gentleman of extensive and varied reading and is numbered among the progressive and enterprising citizens of Council Bluffs, where all his life, thus far, has been passed. June 19, 1890 at the age of 27 he was unanimously nominated for the office of District Judge by the Republican Judicial Convention of the 15th District of Iowa, composed of the counties of Audubon, Shelby, Pottawattamie, Cass, Mills, Montgomery, Fremont and Page, and was elected November 4th following, running 667 votes ahead of his ticket in Pottawattamie Co.

Snyder, C. W.

C. W. SNYDER, business manager of the Council Bluffs Nonpareil, was born in Luzerne County, Pennsylvania in 1841 and in 1859 emigrated to Dixon, Illinois. At the breaking out of the War, he enlisted in the Thirteenth Illinois Volunteer Infantry, the first three-years regiment sworn into service for the War. He had a continuous service of five years lacking only twenty-six days. In the first attack on Vicksburg, lasting three days, which was ended by the charge at Chickasaw Bayou, he was wounded and taken prisoner and was dropped from the rolls of his regiment for four months as "killed in action." He was made Brevet Major for meritorious service in the field.

Returning from the War in March 1866, he came to Iowa and located at Cedar Falls, where he engaged in journalism, becoming editor of the Cedar Falls Gazette, and retaining that position for thirteen years. He was also Postmaster for over eight years, resigning the office in 1883. He then moved to Red Oak, where he was publisher of the Express for seven years; and finally, in December 1889, he purchased an interest in the Council Bluffs Nonpareil and became its manager. This paper was established thirty-six years ago. It is the only morning paper in the city and has the associated morning and evening franchise. It is one of the leading dailies of Iowa, is widely read, and is known as a progressive, enterprising paper. It is edited by Carl SNYDER.

The subject of this sketch married Miss Fannie KNOTT of Waterloo, and they have one son, named Carl.

Snyder, Wesley

WESLEY SNYDER, one of the old soldier citizens of Walnut, who is Commander of the John A. Dix Post, No. 408, was born on a farm near Huntington County, Pennsylvania, February 27, 1847, the son of John SNYDER, who was born in the same place and was of German descent. He married Sarah LYNN, daughter of John LYNN of Pennsylvania, and they were the parents of nine children who lived to maturity, namely: Jane, Susan, Elizabeth, Martha, Rachel, Lucinda, Wesley, Jonathan, and Hugh. The SNYDERs were old settlers of Pennsylvania, and John SNYDER had two uncles in the War of the Revolution. Mr. SNYDER was a comfortable farmer, and in 1865 emigrated to Iowa, settling on a farm in Johnson County, where he lived until his death in 1876. He was a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and an honorable and upright citizen.

August 29, 1864, at the age of sixteen years, Wesley SNYDER enlisted in Company K, 202nd Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry, and served until the close of the War. He served along the Orange and Alexandria Railroad in Virginia, and on his return home he came with his father to Iowa, and has since been a citizen of this state. In 1879 he left farm work, which he had followed until this time, and worked in the elevator as engineer for two years in Shelby, Iowa, and then in Minden two years. In 1884, he came to Walnut, where he has since ran the elevator for Davenport & Co. In 1889 he was appointed Commander of the John A. Dix Post, G.A.R., of Avoca, for one year. He is a prominent member of the Methodist Church, of which he is a trustee and steward. He is well known in Avoca as a conscientious and upright citizen.

Spetman, Fred W.

Fred W. SPETMAN, of the firm of F. W. Spetman & Bro., Merchants of Council Bluffs, is a native of Pottawattamie County, born September 18, 1855, the oldest son of H. H. SPETMAN, whose sketch appears elsewhere. Our subject was reared on a farm and received his education in the public schools of the township and city of Council Bluffs. When seventeen years of age he went to Davenport, and attended the Bryant & Stratton College, where he graduated. He then returned to this city, and engaged as clerk for Smith & Crittenden, in the wholesale and retail dry-goods business, including both departments. He remained with them two years, after which he purchased a half interest in the store then known as Galleger & Lee, purchasing Galleger's interest. The store was located on B Street, opposite the Ogden House, and was then known as Lee & Spetman. Mr. SPETMAN continued for two years, and then purchased his partner's interest, and continued the business alone for one year and a half, when he sold out to J. C. Lee. He then, in 1877, removed to his present location, 509 and 511 Main Street and in company with his brother, W. C., they carry an extensive line of general merchandise, boots, shoes and clothing, and have built up an extensive business. In 1880-'81 he served as a member of the City Council from the Third Ward. In 1886 he was elected City Treasurer, serving two terms, or four years. Mr. SPETMAN was married September 10, 1879, to Miss Alvena Los KOWSKI, a native of St. Louis, who came with her parents, Edward Los KOWSKI, a native of Germany, to this county in 1858. They have four children: Ella M., Lulu R., Dora C., and Verra R. Mr. SPETMAN is a member of the I.O.O.F., No. 49, and of the A.O.U.W. He is also a member of the Lutheran Church. Politically he affiliates with the Democratic party.

Spetman, Henry H.

HENRY H. SPETMAN, a resident of Lewis Township, Pottawattamie County, was born in Holstein, Germany, April 21, 1825, son of G.H. and Ann H. (ELLIS) SPETMAN. They had a family of nine children, six of whom came to America, and four still survive, namely: H.H., our subject; William H., a resident of Mills County; J.H., a resident of Omaha, Nebraska; and Margaret C., wife of Charles WYMILLER, also of Omaha. Henry H. was reared on a farm in his native country until he was seventeen years of age, after which he engaged as a seaman on a sailing vessel in the employ of German merchant ships for seven years, and three years in American ships on the coast of China. After this, he went to California, where he engaged in mining for a period of three years. He then returned to his home in Germany, spending about one year, and in 1853 returned to America. He came to Iowa and spent one year in Davenport and St. Mary’s, and in 1854 came to Pottawattamie County, locating on his present homestead, which he purchased of a Mormon. His farm consists of 240 acres, on sections 34 and 35, Lewis Township. Here he commenced life in the then new country, where Indians were frequently seen and the wild game plentiful.

Mr. SPETMAN was married October 15, 1854, to Catherine H. BECK, daughter of A.H. and E.H. (KICKBUSH) BECK, natives of Germany. She was born June 27, 1830, in Holstein, and in 1854 emigrated to America with her parents, and the same year was married to Mr. SPETMAN. About six months afterward, they came to Pottawattamie County, where they commenced housekeeping in a small log house erected by the Mormons for a church, but with the expectation of something better in the future. They gradually ascended the ladder of wealth until they have reached the topmost round, with 960 acres of fine farm land, and the following property in Council Bluffs: four dwelling houses and lots, three brick store buildings and lots, and two vacant lots, all located in the business portion of the city. Their anticipated home has been realized in a nice frame residence, unpretentious but roomy, with a number of buildings for stock and grain. Mr. SPETMAN is a public-spirited man, and has enjoyed seeing his county come to the front in every respect, and has assisted the Democratic party to the extent of his ability and vote. He has represented his township as Trustee for several years. Mr. And Mrs. SPETMAN’s life is brightened and made happy by eight children: Fred W., a resident of Council Bluffs; William C., also of this city; Mary, the wife of D. HOLZ; Henry and Lizzie, of Council Bluffs; Wilhelmina, wife of Frank FOX; Carl L., at home; and John, deceased. The family are worthy and consistent members of the Lutheran Church, and are highly respected citizens.

Stables, Kiel

KIEL STABLES, at the corner of Fourth Street and Fifth Avenue, Council Bluffs, are managed by Mr. Fred DAVIS as livery, feed, and sale stables. He carries a good stock and has an extensive business, keeping two large barns. He also deals some in real estate. He began here as proprietor of the Ogden Stables on Broadway for a year; next he was owner of stables on North First Street for eighteen months; then for two years conducted stables on North Main Street, and since 1888 he has been at his present place.

He has been a resident of the city since 1863, having come here with his parents, William H. and Rebecca (NEAL) DAVIS, from Oskaloosa, this state. His father is dead, while his mother is still a resident of this city. They are of Welsh and Irish extraction. Mr. DAVIS was born in Peoria, Illinois in May 1853, was five years of age when the family removed to St. Joseph, Missouri, where they resided until 1861, then they moved to Oskaloosa, and thence to Council Bluffs. At the age of nineteen or twenty years, he entered the employ of THOMAS & JACKSON, wholesale grocers, for something over two years in the house and a year as traveling salesman for them. Next he was traveling salesman for STEELE & JOHNSON two years, and finally engaged in the livery business which he has since followed. He is a live, enterprising businessman, Republican in his politics and a member of the Order of Modern Woodmen.

Straub, Christian

CHRISTIAN STRAUB, a contractor, builder and brick manufacturer of Council Bluffs, was born in Heidenheim, Wurtemberg, Germany, February 3, 1847, son of Carl and Emma (KOCH) STRAUB, both natives of Wurtemberg. The father was a wagon manufacturer by trade, and both he and his wife died in their native country. They were members of the Lutheran Church, and were the parents of six children: George, who resides in Germany; Jacob, also of Germany; Mary, wife of Fred RIG, and resides in Council Bluffs; Anna M., a resident of Germany; Dora, who lives in Illinois; and Christian, our subject.

The latter attended school and also worked at his father’s trade until 17 years of age, when he came to America, landing in New York. He then went direct to Aurora, Illinois, remained four or five months, and then came to Council Bluffs, Iowa, in the spring of 1867. He worked for the Northwestern Railroad Company a short time and then learned the brick and stone mason’s trade, which he has since followed. In 1872 he became a contractor and builder, and in 1875 purchased the brick yard of George BAUM, and has been engaged in manufacturing brick since that time. Mr. STRAUB was one of the first stockholders of the Citizens’ State Bank, and also of the Iowa Insurance Company.

He was united in marriage in Council Bluffs on April 12, 1873 to Arnetta FEIFER, a native of Bavaria, Germany. Mr. STRAUB was elected Councilman from the Third Ward in 1885-86 and is also a member of Humboldt Lodge No. 75 I.O.O.F. He ranks among our most reliable citizens and by honesty, frugality, and diligence has accumulated a comfortable fortune.

Steele, William

WILLIAM STEELE, a farmer of Lewis Township, was born in Harrison County, Ohio, July 1, 1841, the son of S. K. and Rebecca (KERBY) STEELE. Our subject, the second in a family of eight children, was reared in his native county until fifteen years of age, when he removed to Burlington County, Iowa, where he remained until 1869. He then entered the United States service in the great Rebellion, in Company H, Thirteenth Iowa Volunteer Infantry, and served eleven months and four days, being honorably discharged at Davenport, Iowa. He participated in four different battles: Franklin, Tennessee, Nashville, Wise's Forks, North Carolina, McCarver's Station, Tennessee, and was also in a number of skirmishes. After his discharge he returned to Des Moines, where he was engaged in farming for three years, and in 1869 he came to Pottawattamie County, Iowa, purchasing forty acres of wild land on section 14, Lewis Township. Here he erected a small frame house, 14 x 16 feet, in which they lived until 1880, when he erected his present neat frame residence, 16 x 26, one and one-half stories high, with an L 16 x 18, one story high. He has added to his first purchase until he now owns eighty acres of land, which is all well improved. He devotes himself to farming, stock-raising and fruit-growing, and is preparing to devote his entire attention to the growing of all kinds of fruits and vegetables. He is one of the live, energetic men of this part of the county, and has by honesty and integrity won a large circle of friends. He has assisted largely in opening up and developing this part of the county, and is deserving of all the honor and esteem shown him. Politically he is a stanch Republican, has served his township as Assessor for the past four years, and has also served as Constable two years.

Mr. STEELE was married December 31, 1864, to Miss Mary E. HOUX, who was born in Champaign County, Ohio, near Urbana, May 2, 1844. They are the parents of seven children: Lucy B., at home; Clara J., wife of E. L. Gladwin, a resident of Lewis Township; James H., at home; William, John W., Hattie M. and Mabel B.

Stephens, Silas L.

SILAS L. STEPHENS, a farmer of Crescent Township, was born in Utah Territory, November 7, 1854, a son of William C. and Lydia S. (BALLARD) STEPHENS, natives of Tennessee. The father was reared on a farm, and in 1859, after having gone to Utah during the great Mormon emigration, was married. About 1866 he returned to Council Bluffs, and some months afterward went to Crescent City, bought forty acres nearby, made a number of improvements, and about five years afterward he sold it, and was in different places until he bought eighty acres of partly improved land, which he now occupies. He has put the place in good condition, and has been successful in his enterprises. He makes his home partly in Council Bluffs. He had eight children: James, born in 1859, and now residing in Council Bluffs; Francis, deceased; George W., born in Utah in 1862, now residing in Council Bluffs; Silas L. was the next; Philip and Robert are both dead; Samuel U., born in 1874, is in Council Bluffs; and Bert, born in 1873, lives also in that city.

Mr. Silas L. STEPHENS, January 2, 1887, married Alice GIDEON, the daughter of V.M. and Rosanna (BAUM) GIDEON, who had four children: Alice, just mentioned, was born in Madison County, Iowa, September 12, 1868. After his marriage, Mr. STEPHENS worked with his team on the grade, then rented a farm for two years, and since then he has been following agricultural pursuits on the old home place, where he is enjoying the pleasures of a well-finished residence. His two children are Ernest R., born October 17, 1888; and Lydia Rosanna, September 19, 1889.

Mr. STEPHENS is a stanch Democrat, well principled and energetic. Is a good violinist and a favorite in social circles.

Stephenson, A. J.

A. J. STEPHENSON, City Clerk and Clerk of the Superior Court of Council Bluffs, is a native of Jackson County, Ohio, born in 1831, son of Andrew and Elizabeth (McGEE) STEPHENSON, of Virginia and North Carolina. His parents were of English and Scotch ancestry. Both are deceased, his father having died when A. J. was a small child. Mr. STEPHENSON was about eleven years old when he left Ohio and went to Indiana with an uncle. He was reared on a farm and educated in the public schools of that State. At sixteen he started out for himself, remaining in Indiana and being variously employed for a number of years. He first clerked in a dry-goods store, then for four years was employed in a railroad office in Elkhart. At the end of that time he invested his earnings in a stock of general merchandise and opened a store at Leesburgh. From there he removed to Warsaw, where he continued his business for several years. While at Leesburgh he was married, in 1856 to Miss Eliza FELKNER, a native of Indiana.

In 1868 Mr. STEPHENSON sold his business at Warsaw, left Indiana, and came to Council Bluff, Iowa, where he engaged in the hardware business. When the panic of 1873 came on he met with heavy losses and discontinued business. After that he was employed for five years in the interest of the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad. Then he opened an office of his own in the real-estate line, and in this he has since been engaged, and continues to do a realty business although Clerk of the city. Mr. STEPHENSON affiliates with the Republican party, being a hearty supporter of the same.

He and his wife are the parents of five children: Victor, at home, a telegrapher; Lulu, wife of M. E. MEADER, of Goshen, Indiana; Chester F., a graduate of Iowa City Law school, is now in a real-estate office in Goshen, Indiana; Mary J. and Ada E., at home.

Stevenson, William

WILLIAM STEVENSON, one of the pioneer settlers of Valley Township, came from Ohio in March, 1870, and settled on his present farm. It was then wild land, but by dint of industry and perseverance he has converted it into a fine, fertile farm. William STEVENSON, his grandfather, was born in Virginia, near what is now known as the Cow Pens. His father came from Ireland, and was a Scotch-Irishman. He was a soldier in the War of the Revolution, and was the father of a large family of children. He had two wives, his first being Rachel WILKINS, by whom he had eight children: Robert, John, William, Charles, Samuel, Elizabeth, Polly and Jennie. This wife died and he married a widow by the name of SCOTT, who had a large family of children by her first husband. By this marriage Mr. STEVENSON had five children: James, Daniel, Homer, Preston and Rachel. The father lived on a farm in Virginia for some time, and then moved to Kentucky, and next to Tennessee, where his eldest son, Robert, was born, July 4, 1788. In 1796 he moved to Ohio, settling on the banks of Massie's Creek, in what was then Greene County. After a short residence at this place, Mr. STEVENSON moved to the Little Miami, near Clifton, where he was among the early pioneers, and where he lived until he was a very old man. He was a member of the Presbyterian Church, a soldier in the war with Indians, and a typical pioneer of the American wilderness. He had held the office of Justice of the Peace.

Robert STEVENSON, a son of the above and the father of our subject, was born in Tennessee, July 4, 1788, and was eight years of age when he went with his father to Ohio, and was brought up in Greene County. He was married to Sarah, daughter of William and Sarah COHAGAN. The father was a native of Maryland, and was a prominent farmer of Greene County Ohio. To Mr. and Mrs. STEVENSON were born eleven children, viz.: William, Caroline, John, Thomas P., Charles W., Samuel, James, Robert, David, Henry H. and Eliza. The father lived in Greene County all his life, was a substantial farmer, and a soldier in the war of 1812, serving under General Harrison. He was afterward a Lieutenant in the militia, and both he and his wife were members of the Presbyterian Church. He sold his farm and moved to Xenia, Ohio, where he lived for fifteen years, dying at the age of eighty.

William STEVENSON, the subject of this sketch, was born on his father's farm in Greene County, Ohio, November 17, 1814, and learned farming in early life. He remained in his native county until March 1870, when he came to this county, where he has since resided. Politically he is a stanch Republican, and has taken an active interest in the schools of his township, having been school director for many years. He is a self-made man, and stands high as a citizen whose word is as good as his bond. The family is from an old American stock of pioneers and soldiers, and their histories should descend to the most remote generations.

Mr. STEVENSON was married in Greene County, to Catherine MILLS, daughter of Jacob and Elizabeth (WEBB) MILLS. The father was an American, and a farmer of Greene County, and his wife was an American of Welsh descent. Mr. and Mrs. STEVENSON have one child, Catherine Owens. The mother died, and Mr. STEVENSON married Emily GOLDTHWAITE, daughter of Thomas and Abigail H. (SKINNER) GOLDTHWAITE. The father was from Massachusetts, a descendant from an old American family. He enlisted in the civil war, in the Forty-fourth Ohio Volunteer Mounted Infantry, as the Fifth Ohio Cavalry, and served under General Thomas. He was killed in one of the skirmishes preceding the battle of Shiloh. He was born in 1800, in Northbridge, Massachusetts, and was over sixty years of age when he enlisted. He was very patriotic, having a very great desire to serve his country, and made several efforts before he was accepted. He was the father of six living children: Franklin, Emily, Sarah, Jeanette, Freeman and Maria L. Mr. and Mrs. STEVENSON were the parents of four children: Benjamin J., William R., Mary A. and James F.

Stidham, William

WILLIAM STIDHAM is one of the well-known early pioneers of Grove Township, having first come to this county when a lad, in 1847. He was born near Wilmington, Delaware, February 18, 1837, son of George David and Esther STIDHAM, both natives of Pennsylvania. He was only a babe when his parents moved to Fountain County, Indiana, and when he was seven years old, his mother died. Then for a time he made his home with an uncle. His father was subsequently married, in Vermilion County, Illinois, to Susan Ann WINEGAR, by whom he had one daughter, now Mrs. Esther WILLIAMS, a widow of Grove Township. After his father’s marriage, William returned to him. Mr. STIDHAM came to Garden Grove, Iowa, with the Latter Day Saints in 1846, where he spent the winter, and the next season went to Salt Lake. He was a bold and fearless man. He loved new scenes, new country and plenty of game, and the adventurous life of the West was congenial to his tastes, but he would not obey the Mormon laws. He was threatened with death if he continued to disregard their laws, so the next season, with two other families, he left Utah to return to Iowa. On his way back, he met Brigham Young, to whom he told why and where he was going, but Mr. YOUNG, seeing he was in the vicinity of friends, did not offer to molest him. Upon his arrival in Iowa, he located in Monroe County, where he remained two years. At the end of that time, he came to Pottawattamie County, and settled in Grove Township, where he spent the rest of his life and died at the age of seventy-six year. Previous to his death, he united with the Christian Church. In politics he was a Republican. His wife was a Methodist. She lived until 1889 and died at the home of her step-son, the subject of this sketch.

William STIDHAM grew to manhood in this pioneer country, received a limited education in a log schoolhouse, and early in life did farm work, breaking and clearing land. In 1869 he went to California, going across the plains with ox teams. He engaged in mining, prospecting, and freighting goods, which at that time was a profitable business, and spent ten years on the Pacific coast, after which he returned to Iowa, and for two years lived in Grove Township, Pottawattamie County. Then he went to Big Horn River, the head of the Missouri, on a prospecting tour, but the Indians were so troublesome, killing some of the men, that the search for minerals had to be abandoned, and the prospecting party returned to civilization. Mr. STIDHAM came back to his old home in Grove Township. Here he owns 186 acres of land, on section 21, well watered and comprising both timber and prairie land. The farm is well adapted for grain or stock.

Mr. STIDHAM has in his make-up many of the characteristics of the Western pioneer. He is firm in his convictions of right and wrong, is plain in his speech, and is frank and fearless in his manner. He has the confidence and respect of all who know him.

Stillings, Origan

ORIGAN STILLINGS, one of the pioneer settlers of Layton Township, was born in Illinois, February 18, 1839, the son of Josiah J. STILLINGS, who was of German descent. His father died in Baltimore, Maryland, when Josiah was but three years of age, and his mother died when he was but six years old, and he was brought up on a farm by his uncle, Abraham SWARTZ, a farmer of Knox County, Illinois. When about seventeen years of age, he left his uncle and went to Galena where he worked in the lead mines. He afterward returned to Knox County and was married to Lucy A. COY, daughter of Benjamin COY, a native of the eastern states, and who was a pioneer of Kentucky. He was a great hunter and a fast runner, and could have outrun his Indian companions. He married a Welsh lady in Kentucky, and here Lucy, the wife of Josiah STILLINGS, was born. Her family settled in Iowa where they were among the early pioneers.

To Mr. And Mrs. Josiah STILLINGS were born eight children: Arena A., Mary A., Origan A., Eliza J., Sarah E., Martha E., James B. F., Emeline and one who died in infancy. The father was a miller in Illinois for some years, and in 1844 came to Iowa, settling in Washington County, where he ran a mill for four years. He then moved two and a half miles northwest, where he built and ran a mill. He then went into a grocery store and also kept a hotel at Wassonville, one of the oldest towns in Iowa. He also owned a small farm, where he died in 1886, at the age of seventy-seven years. He was in the Black Hawk War when a young man; held the office of Constable twenty-four years in Iowa, seventeen consecutive years; and was a member of the Methodist Church. Mrs. STILLINGS was a member of the Baptist Church.

O. A. STILLINGS, our subject, was reared to farm life, and when five years of age, he came with his father to Iowa and was early accustomed to the vicissitudes of pioneer life, and well remembers seeing the Indians buy goods of his father, who could talk and understand some of their language. He remained at home until he was twenty-one years of age, when, in 1861, he enlisted in Company F, First Iowa Volunteer Cavalry, and served one year in Missouri. He was in the battle of Black Water, where 1,300 Confederates were captured, and he was also in the battle at Silver Creek, where a ball struck the visor of his cap. He was honorably discharged at Sedalia, Missouri. Returning home, he engaged in farming; then went to Illinois, thence to Kansas, where he drove a Government team to Salt Lake, Utah; next he went to Virginia City, Montana, where he remained through the winter of 1863-64, and was a member of the celebrated committee which established law and order in Montana, and who executed a great many desperadoes. The next August, Mr. STILLINGS returned to Iowa, and in 1867 was married to Elizabeth PHILLIPS, daughter of George and Elizabeth (DEAN) PHILLIPS, and they have five children: Bertha, Frank, Wilber, Frederick, and one who died in infancy. The mother died, and Mr. STILLINGS married Hortense VAN METER, in 1886, during which year he came to Pottawattamie County and bought his present farm of eighty acres, but which he has since converted into a fine farm of 120 acres.

He is a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church in which he is a class leader and steward. Mrs. STILLINGS is a member of the Christian Church. Politically he is a Republican, voting first for Abraham Lincoln. He is a member of the G.A.R. post and is a man who stands deservedly high in his township as a straightforward and honorable man. He was injured in the United States service and is now drawing a pension from the Government. Mrs. STILLINGS was born in Johnson County, Iowa, the daughter of Elias B. HOWELL, who was born in Ohio and was an early settler of Johnson County. He was married to Rachel PRESTON, and they have had seven children: Mattie, Lorena, Hortense, Cora J., Fadilla, Ralph and one who died when young. Both Mr. And Mrs. HOWELL are members of the Christian Church, in which he has for many years been a deacon and class leader. The HOWELL family originated in New Jersey. Elias HOWELL, the father of the above, was an old pioneer of Licking County, Ohio, and was a member of Congress from that State in the time of William H. Harrison, and was also prominent in the Log Cabin and Hard Cider campaign. He was Sheriff of Licking County for many years, was the proprietor of the silk interest in Ohio, was married three times and was the father of twelve children. His son, James B. HOWELL, was United States Senator from Iowa.

Stoker, Margaret

MARGARET STOKER, of Pottawattamie County, was born May 29, 1822, in Wilkes County, North Carolina, the daughter of John and Rhoda (JUDD) STOKER, the former a native of North Carolina. Mrs. STOKER was in her seventh year when her parents moved to Wayne County, Indiana, where they lived until after her father's death, which took place when she was about seven or eight years of age. He left his widow and nine children, of whom Mrs. Stoker was the youngest. In 1838, when she was sixteen years of age, the family moved to Iowa, on the Des Moines River, when the state was still a Territory and where they lived until the mother's death, which occurred one year later.

In 1839 Mrs. STOKER was married, at the age of seventeen years to Eller STOKER, who was born in Jackson County Ohio, the son of Michel and Catherine Ella STOKER, the mother a native of North Carolina and the father of Germany. Eller STOKER was reared in Ohio, when about twenty-one years of age moved to Missouri, where he lived two years and then came to Iowa, and afterward moved to Nauvoo, Hancock County, Illinois, where he became a member of the Church of the Latter-Day Saints, in 1846. He then came back to the old homestead, where Mrs. STOKER still lives, and cultivated a portion of the land before his death, which occurred July 18, 1855, lacking but a few days of being thirty-nine years old, and leaving a widow and seven children, viz.: Orson Hyde, who lives near Yorkshire, Harrison County, Iowa, is married and has seven children: Allen, who lives near Union Grove, Harrison County and has five children; Michel E., lives near Union Grove, Harrison County; Lavina, the wife of William SPEARS, lives in Pottawattamie County, and has six children, Mary, wife of William SHENE, of Garner Township, has three children; Calpernia, lives in Minden Township, the wife of George SPEARS, and has four children; and Lucretia, who lives in Garner Township, the wife of William HEILEMAN. Mrs. STOKER has had a wonderful experience on living in Iowa and she has witnessed the growth and prosperity of the State.

Stone, Albert

ALBERT STONE, a farmer of section 29, Carson Twp, has been a resident of this county since October 1883. He was born in Mahoning County, Ohio, Oct 7, 1843, son of Orman STONE, a native of Connecticut and a farmer all his life. Albert's mother, whose maiden name was Polly MINARD, was a native of Connecticut. The parents moved first to New York State and finally to Mahoning Co, Ohio, being among the first settlers there and remaining there until their death, bringing up four sons and four daughters.

ALBERT, the youngest of the family, of course was reared upon a farm. During the War, under the first call for 300,000 men, August 22, 1862, he enlisted in Company A, 125th Ohio Volunteer Infantry and served until the close of the War. The first battle in which his regiment engaged was at Franklin, Tennessee, and afterward in the battles of Chickamauga, Missionary Ridge, Dandridge and was with General Sherman in his Georgia campaign, participating in the battles of Resaca, Kennesaw Mountain, Peach Tree Creek, New Hope Church, Buzzard's Roost, Chickopee River, siege of Atlanta, Jonesboro, pursuit of Hood from Nashville, Spring Hill and Franklin again, besides many skirmishes. He was honorably discharged in June 1865. In 1872 in Hancock Co, Ohio, he married Miss Leticia ECKERT, who was born and reared in that county, the daughter of natives of Ohio. Mr. Stone then moved to Putnam Co, Ohio, where he lived 11 years. In 1883 he came to Pottawattamie County and purchased his present farm of the Furgeson Brothers (G.M. and J.L. Furgeson). The first improvements on this farm were made by Charles German. It contains 110 acres and is good land, in a good condition. Mr. Stone is a radical Republican. The children are: Sullivan, John W., William E., Emma L., Edna B., and Mabel M.

Stone, Calohill E.

CALOHILL E. STONE, a retired attorney. The subject of this sketch has been prominent in the building of Council Bluffs since 1853, and is probably the oldest resident of Iowa. He is a native of Botetourt County, Virginia, born January 24, 1814. He is the fourth son and seventh child of twelve children of Moses H. and Nancy (WHITTEN) STONE, who were natives of Bedford county, Virginia. The father was a son of Macajah STONE, a native of Bedford County, Virginia and of English descent. The mother was a daughter of William WHITTEN, also a native of Bedford County, Virginia, and of Welsh ancestry. When our subject was four years of age his parents moved to Kentucky and settled in Adair County, where he was reared until he was sixteen, when he removed to Sangamon County, Illinois, where his parents died, the father dying June 16, 1831 and his mother August 10, 1831.

Mr. Stone followed farming in Illinois until June 1, 1836, when he came to Fort Madison, Iowa , and engaged in the mercantile business for a short time, after which he studied law in Lee County, and was admitted to the bar in 1844. In the spring of 1837 he was drawn on the first grand jury in the Territory, but under the law of Michigan (to which Iowa then belonged) laws required grand jurors to be freeholders; and as there wan not one in the Territory, the jury was discharged as illegal. In 1844 he began the practice of his profession in Keokuk, which he followed until 1853, when he came to Council Bluffs and followed his profession successfully until 1879, when his eyesight failed him and he was obliged to abandon his profession. He was elected to the office of Justice of the Peace, which he held three terms; following this he was twice elected to the office of Assessor of the city. In 1855 he was elected the first Mayor of Council Bluffs, and under his administration the city was organized. He served in this capacity for two years. He was married December 6. 1848, at Keokuk, to Miss Ann McFADDEN, a native of Terre Haute, Indiana, and a daughter of William and Eliza (LEE) McFADDEN. The former was a native of Pennsylvanian and the latter of Terre Haute. Mr. and Mrs. Stone are the parents of four children, two of whom survive. Frank died in 1880, a the age of twenty-nine, Kate, born in Council Bluffs, is the wife of A.F. MEGGS, of Portland, Oregon, and Charles E. Mrs. Stone is a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church. Politically Mr.. Stone is a Democrat.

Strong, S. C.

S.C. STRONG has been a resident of Pottawattamie County since 1864 and is one of the well-to-do farmers and worthy citizens of Center Township. He was born in Ohio, October 13, 1837. His father, James M. STRONG, was born in New England and was a babe when his parents moved to Ohio. In that state, he grew to manhood and was married in Meigs County to Miss Melissa BARKER, who was born in 1816. When their son C.S., the subject of this sketch, was nine years old, they came to Iowa and settled in Jefferson County, coming via the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers to Keokuk, and from there by teams to Jefferson County. There the son attended school in a log cabin and worked on a farm, remaining with his father until he reached his majority. At the age of twenty-one, he was united in marriage with Lucy CLOVER, a lady of intelligence who has proved herself a helpmate to her husband thus far on life’s journey. She was born near Deerfield, Ohio, and was ten years old when she came to Jefferson County, Iowa, with her parents, James and Emily (SMILLEN) CLOVER.

In 1864, as already stated at the beginning of this sketch, Mr. STRONG came to Pottawattamie County. His parents, who came here at the same time, lived on a farm until 1889, when they moved to Oakland, where they are passing their declining days in peace and comfort. The father is now seventy-eight years of age. Mr. STRONG was among the pioneers of this county, the land on which he settled being wild and unimproved. He now owns a fine farm of 260 acres; has comfortable and substantial buildings and good fences, broad pastures and well cultivated fields and two groves. He also has a fine orchard from which, in 1889, he gathered 1,200 bushels of fruit. He raises annually large numbers of cattle and hogs.

Mr. And Mrs. STRONG have five children, namely: Alice CONVERSE, who for years has been a successful teacher in California and is now in Oakland, this county, and has one son, Thomas, who married Addie BUTLER, daughter of William B. BUTLER of this township and has one child; William Fred, a student at Simpson’s College, Indianola, Iowa; James Clover and Charlie Cook, at home. They lost two children by death: Florence Belle, February 17, 1883, at the age of twenty-one years and fifteen days; and Mary Catherine, at the age of six months. Florence Belle was a general favorite with her associates and was known far and wide for her Christian virtues, her amiable qualities and her cheerful and affectionate disposition. She was gifted with musical talent, and rendered valuable services to the choir of the Methodist Episcopal Church, of which she was a consistent member. She was an affectionate daughter and sister, and her untimely death cast a gloom not only over the home circle but also over all those who knew her during her brief but useful life.

Mr. STRONG and his wife are members of the Methodist Episcopal Church, Hancock, Circuit, and their son, William, is also a zealous worker in the cause of religion. Politically, Mr. STRONG is a Republican. He has served the public in several township offices.

Stuhr, J. H. C.

J. H. C. STUHR, one of the most prominent business men of Minden, was born in Holstein, Germany, February 27, 1841, and was but sixteen years of age when he came to America. In 1857 he went to Davenport, Iowa, where he worked at the trade of stone mason and also at farm work; he was a weaver by trade in the old country. In 1861, after the three months' service men had returned, he enlisted in Company I, Twelfth Missouri Infantry, as a private. He had previously made several attempts to enlist, but failed owing to the eagerness to enlist in Iowa regiments. He missed the battle of Pea Ridge, owing to sickness, and was in the hospital at St. Louis six weeks. He then returned to his regiment, and was on the march through Missouri, Arkansas and in many skirmishes. His first severe battle was at Vicksburg. He was next at Fort Heintman, on the Little Red River; next at Lookout Mountain, where he captured thirteen prisoners and afterward had charge of them; he himself carried their arms. Then he was at the battle of Mission Ridge, and afterward at that of Ringgold, Georgia, and here his regiment met with severe loss in men and officers. He was also in the battle of Atlanta, Georgia, detailed as Orderly, and from there he went with Sherman on his famous march to the sea as far as Savannah, Georgia. He became a dispatcher for General Osterhouse, and also served a short time under General John A. Logan as Orderly, and still has in his possession one of the General's passes. He served altogether four years and five months, and was honorably discharged at St. Louis, Missouri, January 15, 1866. Mr. STUHR served three years as drummer in the old State militia, and at the battle of Lookout Mountain he served as bugler.

At Ringgold, Georgia, when his Captain, Joseph Ladegerber, was shot and mortally wounded, he was carried off the field by Mr. STUHR and three companions, under a flank fire. He says that $10,000 would not tempt him to take such a risk again. They took the Captain along the railroad over one and a half miles distant, and all the way the enemy poured a fierce fire at them. Throughout all his experience Mr. STUHR received no wounds, but at one time his blanket was shot through without touching him. Thus our young soldier faced the Rebel bullets for his adopted country, and then resumed peaceful pursuits.

Returning to Davenport, Iowa, he engaged in teaming, and the next year rented a farm in Scott County, where he resided until 1875, when he came to Pottawattamie County. Here, in company with J. Stamp, he purchased 205 acres in Pleasant Township and 160 acres in Harrison County, but dissolved partnership in 1883. In 1887 he came to Minden, where he became business manager for John L. Daw & Co., in buying grain; this season he bought 60,000 bushels of barley. Mr. STUHR is a self-made man, having worked his way up from boyhood in a strange country, becoming first a soldier and defender of his country's rights, and is now an honorable American citizen. Socially he is an Odd Fellow, and has held the offices of Noble Grand and Treasurer. He is a member of the Dick Yates Post, G.A.R., at Shelby, Iowa. He is a man who is best known for his sterling qualities and integrity, and he is a credit to the sturdy German stock from which he came.

Mr. STUHR was married October 6, 1866, to Eva ARON, and they are the parents of eight living children, namely: Emma, William, Mary, Clara, Katie, Matilda, Dora and Hannah. Mr. STUHR's first wife died, and he was again married to Abel LINAN, and by this marriage there are four children: Emil, Olga, Alma and Johnnie.

Stuhr, John P.

John P. STUHR, one of the leading merchants of Minden, was born in Schleswig, Germany, January 12, 1844. September 12, 1862, he came to Davenport, Iowa, where he attended school until September 6, 1864, when he enlisted in Company B, Eighth Iowa Volunteer Infantry, and served under General A. J. Smith. He fought in the two battles of Spanish Fort, Mobile, Fort Blakely, Alabama, at Island No. 13 against the famous Quantrell in 1864, and at Memphis, Tennessee. He was wounded in the knee by a bayonet at Island No. 13, in an encounter with Quantrell and the James boys, but was taken from the field on a mule by a comrade. Previously he had a very narrow escape from these same guerrillas. With thirteen companions he was detailed from the picket boat Pocahontas by First Lieutenant John Nelson Gardner to Island No. 10, to search for bushwhackers, rebels and cotton. This little command, under the leadership of Mr. STUHR, landed on the island, and he pushed his way through the dense cane, which grew twenty feet high, with his hands, for about one and a half miles at the head of the detail. The party finally came to a clearing of about forty acres, where a small cabin was found containing two men and two women, who were badly frightened. Forcing them to stand in the corner, Mr. STUHR and three companions, they having been separated from the rest in the dense cane, ate a scanty meal of baked beans and pork; then, leaving the people in the cabin, proceeded. In about four hours' travel they came upon another small cabin made of logs, and here Mr. STUHR opened the door and found two small boys. Upon asking for food the boys replied that they had biscuits and molasses, and told the soldiers to help themselves. While eating a shadow passed the window, and Mr. STUHR ran out and called to the man to halt, and bringing him in the cabin made him stand in the corner. The prisoner, speaking in low German, asked if Mr. STUHR was not a low German and came from Schleswig. Mr. STUHR said that he was, and the prisoner asked why he was there; and on being answered that the party were from a steamer in the river and were searching for bushwhackers and cotton, the prisoner replied that it was fortunate for them that they went no further, and said that a short distance away were 300 guerrillas, and that by stepping to the door and whistling they could be called at any moment. Mr. STUHR took him to the door and said, show me to their camping place, telling him that if he whistled or made any sign, even if he was a countryman, he would shoot him on the spot. They proceeded about 120 rods, and saw through the cane into another clearing about 300 yards away about 300 bushwhackers amusing themselves by jumping. Taking his prisoner with him and commanding silence at the peril of his life, he retreated with his companions to the shore and found their steamer within hailing distance, and leaving their prisoner behind were soon safely on board. Had they not found the steamer they would have been forced to take the prisoner and little boys to Memphis. This is one of the most narrow escapes from hanging on record. The names of Mr. STUHR's companions were: Charles ASHERMAN, Christ MUHL and Gotfried MANHAUVER.

While on duty at Memphis, Tennessee, in the slaughter-house, a Second Iowa Cavalry man, by the name of Christian, came in with an order for a fore-quarter of beef, and tried to force Mr. STUHR to give him a hind quarter. Mr. STUHR immediately placed his bayonet at his breast, and the cavalryman gracefully retired with his fore-quarter. On a trip down the Mississippi on a steamer Mr. STUHR and three companions captured two Confederate soldiers, a Captain and a Lieutenant, by the vigilance of Mr. STUHR, who called attention to them.

Mr. STUHR came to Minden in 1875, and on August 1, 1881, he bought the store of Bartlett & Co., and engaged in the general merchandise business, in which he has since continued. He has been Township Assessor in this county, also Road Supervisor in Scott County. Politically he is a Democrat, and socially a member of the Knights of Pythias. He is one of the most popular men in Minden, and has been recently elected by a large majority as the first Mayor of Minden, the town having been recently incorporated. He was also Postmaster of that town four years, under Cleveland's administration. He is well-known as a sociable and enterprising merchant. It can well be said of him that he has done as much toward building up Minden as any other prominent man of the town. His son, Julius, a capable clerk in his father's store, was elected Recorder of the town at the same election.

He was married in Davenport, Iowa, May 26, 1866, to Amelia CORNELIUS, who was born in Germany, October 28, 1846, the daughter of Marcus and Anna (MULLER) CORNELIUS, both natives of that country. Mr. and Mrs. STUHR have six children: Alvina A., Julius, John M. R., Adelia H., William and Walter. They are both members of the Lutheran Church. Socially, Mr. STUHR is a Knight of Pythias, and politically a Democrat. He is now the leading merchant and the Mayor of Minden, to which office he was elected by a large majority.

Sullivan and Virtue

SULLIVAN & VIRTUE are the proprietors of the only livery, sale and feed stable in Macedonia. It is located on Main Street, near the principal hotel and convenient to the business portion of the town. They keep in stock a good class of driving and road horses, and vehicles of all kinds that are needed in that community. The livery business in this village was inaugurated ten years ago by Mitchell Brothers, on the north side of Main Street, and since then there have been several changes in proprietorship, etc.: Bryant Brothers, Neil Stockton, Charles Murphy, and Mr. Mains – the last of whom sold out to Mr. J. B. SULLIVAN, the senior member of the present firm. The barn, 42 X 80 feet and two stories high, was built in 1882 or 1883 by Charles SMITH.

Mr. SULLIVAN was born near Muncie, Delaware County, Indiana, in 1860, son of Samuel and Eliza SULLIVAN. He was brought up on a farm; lived some nine months in Clarke County, Ohio; then came to Boone County, Iowa, and two years afterward, in January 1878 he arrived in Pottawattamie County, first settling in Silver Creek Township. Purchasing a farm, he engaged in agricultural pursuits. In 1884 he came to Macedonia, and in 1886 purchased the livery stock already mentioned. He is a popular liveryman and is a genial citizen. He was married in 1884 at Oskaloosa, Iowa, to Miss Ida STEVENS, and they have one child, Florence.

J. P. VIRTUE, the junior member of the above firm, was born in 1857 in Fulton County, Illinois, a son of Thomas and Mary VIRTUE; was reared upon an Illinois farm. He is a member of Hillsdale Lodge No. 331, I.O.O.F. and Ruby Lodge No. 444, F.&A.M., at Macedonia. He is a genial bachelor who looks upon the bright side of life and is a favorite among his acquaintances.

Sylvester, John A.

JOHN A. SYLVESTER, of section 20, Garner Township, has been a resident of this county ever since 1861. He was born in North Carolina, Pitt County, October 26, 1829, a son of John SYLVESTER, Sr., who was born in 1802, in Boston, of Pilgrim stock, and is still living. His ancestors participated both in the Revolutionary war and in that of 1812. Mr. SYLVESTER's mother's name before marriage was Cassandra SLAUGHTER. She too was born in Pitt County, North Carolina. The parents of the subject of this sketch were married in 1828, and then emigrated to Randolph County, Indiana, where the father was a cooper by trade; earlier in life he was a sailor.
Mr. SYLVESTER of this sketch also learned the cooper trade and worked on the farm. Arriving at age he became a teacher, in his home district. In 1853 he came to Dallas County, Iowa; two years afterward he went to Minnesota and two years after that again he went to Missouri and taught school near St. Joseph; finally he came to Council Bluffs in 1861.

February 20, 1863, he married Mrs. Adelphia McDONALD, a lady of high culture, born near Springfield, Sangamon County, Illinois, a daughter of John and Adelphia (HARPER) WOODS, natives of Kentucky. She was twelve years of age when her mother, in 1838, settled in Des Moines County, Iowa, and she was reared there and in Henry and Mahaska counties, this State. On reaching the age of twenty-one years she married Milton McDONALD, a resident of Mahaska county at that time. In 1850 they moved to Putnam County, Missouri, and in the spring of 1851 they came to Pottawattamie County, settling April 24, on a farm where she now lives, then a Mormon claim, upon which was a small log cabin and a limited portion of the ground broken. Here Mr. McDONALD died, July 8, 1862, at the age of forty-five years, a sincere member of the Methodist Episcopal Church. They had four children, three of whom are now living: Amanda Ellen, now the wife of W. H. MULLEN, of Council Bluffs; Marshall F., a prominent attorney of St. Louis, Missouri; and Mary F., now Mrs. M. R. FRANK, also of Council Bluffs. They lost one child by death, William F., at the age of seven years. By the present union Mr. and Mrs. SYLVESTER have three children, namely: John MILTON, a successful teacher; Ada C., and Elmer H., the latter also a teacher. The family occupy a fine brick house, surrounded by evergreen and noble forest trees. Mr. SYLVESTER is a Republican, and has been Justice of the Peace. He and his wife are members of the Methodist Episcopal Church.

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