Return to the Pottawattamie Co. home page. |  1891 Biography Home  |  Name Index  
Welicome to the 1891 Biographical History of Pottawattamie County



Haines, David

DAVID HAINES, one of the well-known and estimable citizens of Pottawattamie County, dates his residence in Council Bluffs from 1850. Mr. HAINES is a native of Frome, Somersetshire, England, where he was born in 1819. His father, John HAINES, was desirous that his son should enter the university and had him educated with that object in view, but the son did not fully agree with the father as to his life-work, and so strongly opposed his father's views that he was finally apprenticed tot he trade of tailor, and by serving his time of apprenticeship obtained a thorough knowledge of his trade. The subject of this sketch was married in England, to Miss Ann HARWOOD. Her father was a foreman for Sir William BECKFORD, of Fontanelle Abby, whose father was at one time Lord Mayor of England and grandfather to the present Duke of Hamilton. Sir William BECKFORD was the builder of the noted place in Wiltshire, England called Fontanelle Abby, the most splendid private residence the world ever saw. He building alone cost $5,000,000.'; the flower garden alone contained 575 acres; the front door was thirty-three feet height and worked on wrought iron hinges, weighing 2,200 pounds and the art gallery contained a perspective of 312 feet

Mr. HAINES was married before the age of eighteen years. In 1846 he emigrated to America with his family and for four years worked at his trade in the city of New York. In 1850 he came to Council Bluffs, purchased a lot and erected a house and opened a clothing store. August 7, 1852 he was deprived of his wife by death, she having fallen victim to cholera, which terrible disease swept over the country in that year. She left her husband and two sons. The eldest entered the army in the war of the Rebellion as a member of the Iowa Infantry, commanded by General Dodge. Late he was transferred to the Seventh Missouri Cavalry, and was killed in Missouri after having served about two years. Mr. HAINES' youngest son was born in Council Bluffs in 1851 and is now a successful farmer at Boomer Township, Pottawattamie County.

Mr. HAINES followed merchant-tailoring until 1859, when he went to Denver, Colorado, where he remained one year engaged in mining. In company with Messrs. Blake & Williams, he laid out what was then the principal part of the city of Denver comprising the south part of that city at the present time. When Mr. Haines came to Pottawattamie County he entered a large amount of land. He suffered with others in the panic of 1857, but has always dealt largely in real-estate and still owns much landed, property, including a fine farm in Boomer Township. Mr. Haines has for many years attended to the real-estate business of Mrs. MYNSTER, and his excellent business ability and careful management has been of great value to that estimable lady in the conduct of her business. Mr. HAINES is a finely educated, worthy and intelligent gentleman and highly respected by all who have the pleasure of his acquaintance.

Hall, A. J.

A. J. HALL, a farmer of Hazel Dell Township, was born in Crawford County, Indiana, May 20, 1817, a son of William and Anna (COPELAND) HALL, natives of Virginia, and of Irish and English extraction. They were married in Grayson County, Virginia; then removed to Kentucky; thence to Tennessee; in 1851 to Crawford County, Indiana; in 1824 to Vermilion County, Illinois, which was at that time a wild and unsettled country, the Indians far outnumbering the white men. They improved two farms in that State, and were also engaged extensively in stock-raising. In 1839 they removed to Bates County, Missouri, where the father died in the fall of 1840, at the age of sixty-three years. His widow died in Decatur County, Iowa, in 1858, at the age of seventy-two years. They had a family of eleven children, three of whom still survive, viz.: Elijah, deceased; Fielden, Mary, Eli, William, Andrew J., our subject; Ransome, Eliza J., Miles, a resident of Utah; and David, also a resident of Utah.

Andrew J., our subject, was reared to farm life, and received his education in the common schools. He remained in his native State until May, 1846, when he removed to Lee County, Iowa, where he remained five years; thence to Decatur County, same State, remaining eleven years; and in 1862 he came to Pottawattamie County, locating for one year at Crescent City. In 1863 they removed to Utah, and remained until 1866, making the trip by wagon. He returned in 1866 and located a tract of land in Boomer Township, this county, thirty acres of which was partially improved. In the spring of 1872 he located upon his present farm, which consists of 195 acres on section 14, Hazel Dell Township. Mr. Hall first erected a log cabin, 16 x 20 feet, in which they made their home until 1879, when he erected his present comfortable home, 28 x 16 and 16 x 22. Politically he is a stanch Democrat.

Mr. HALL was married in Vermilion County, Illinois, May 16, 1839, to Ellen TRIMMELL, a native of Kentucky, and daughter of Sampson TRIMMELL. She died about two years after their marriage, leaving one child, who died a short time afterward, both dying in Missouri. Mr. Hall was again married, February 12, 1843, in Bates County, Missouri, to Miss Nancy W. HUDSON, who was born in Franklin County, Tennessee, December 6, 1815, the daughter of William and Sarah (BIGHAM) HUDSON, natives of Pennsylvania. Mr. and Mrs. HUDSON were the parents of eleven children, six of whom still survive: Mary A., wife of S. Ellis, a resident of Missouri; Nancy, wife of our subject; Campbell, deceased; James and Eliza (twins), both deceased; Ewing, a resident of California; Reed, of California; Macklin, a resident of Arkansas; Vance, deceased; Margaret, deceased; and La Fayette, a resident of California.

Mr. and Mrs. HALL are the parents of seven children: Elethe J., wife of Dalorma Parish, a resident of Hazel Dell Township; Mary Ann, deceased; Sarah E., wife of Morris Hough, of Hazel Dell Township; Miles, residing at home; Eliza, deceased; Ewing, of Bayard, Nebraska; and Isabella, deceased. Mr. and Mrs. Hall have assisted largely in opening up and developing this country in many ways, and have always aided any enterprise tending to the good of the county. Their eldest son Miles is a live, energetic young man, and is among the most prosperous citizens of this county, owning 658 acres of land in Pottawattamie County, 239 in Hazel Dell Township, section 24, 160 acres on sections 10 and 14, fourteen acres on section 9, five acres on section 20, and 240 acres on section 5, Neola Township. Politically he is a Democrat.

Hamilton, George W.

GEORGE W. HAMILTON, one of the enterprising and well known citizens of Washington Township, and an ex-soldier of the late war, was born in Fulton Co, Illinois, February 6, 1846, son of John and Barbara HAMILTON, the former a native of Ohio and the latter of Pennsylvania, the daughter of Jacob RIST. The parents resided for a time in Wisconsin, in which state the father died when George was a babe, leaving a widow and one child, our subject. The mother died when George was 12 years old; and he was reared by his grandfather, Jacob RIST, on a farm in Fulton County, Illinois.

During the great Rebellion, at the time of Lincoln's call for 600,000 more men, our subject enlisted August 9, 1862 at Princeville, Peoria Co, Illinois, in the 86th Illinois Infantry, Volunteer Company K, under Colonel Irons, who went out with the regiment, but after his death Colonel David McKee took command for a time. He resigned and then Colonel Farnstock had command; the captain of the company was John French. George W. was out about three years and was first under fire at Perryville, Kentucky, and later at Stone River, Chickamauga, Missionary Ridge and at the two battles of Buzzard's Roost. He was in the great charge at Resaca, where he was wounded June 30, 1864, in the head. His skull was cracked and shattered in several places, and the officials thought he was mortally wounded. He was confined in the field hospital one week; was then removed to Chattanooga Hospital where he was confined for another week; was then removed to Nashville for one week; and then to Louisville, Kentucky. He was at that city and Springfield until the 2nd of November, when he was removed to Quincy, Illinois, where he was confined until April 21, 1865. He was then taken to New York City for a short time; was next taken to Morehead, North Carolina, where he remained three days; and finally removed to Alexander, Virginia, where he remained until his discharge, June 27, 1865; and he then returned to Fulton Co, Illinois, where he resided one year. Then he went to McDonough Co, Illinois, where he remained but a short time, and then went to Henderson Co., where he lived fifteen years, engaged in farming.

He came to Pottawattamie Co. in 1882, and settled on the section where he now resides. Mr. HAMILTON now owns 160 acres of good land all in one body. He was married in Fulton Co, Illinois, in 1866 to Mary OVERMAN, daughter of Charles and Eveline (MONTGOMERY) OVERMAN. By this marriage there were four children, of whom only one is now living - Anna. Mrs. HAMILTON died in July 1884, and Mr. HAMILTON was married again September 28, 1888, to Mrs. Mary TAYLOR, a widow, whose first husband was a Mr. HECKER. She was a daughter of James A. TAYLOR, one of the well known early pioneers of Pottawattamie Co. Mrs. HAMILTON was reared and educated in this neighborhood. By her first marriage, she had five children: James, Ettie, Lily, Pleasant and Charley. Mr. HAMILTON is an independent politically, and is a member of the G.A.R. Robert Provard Post, No. 414, in which he is a charter member. He is one of the well known representative citizens of this township. Mrs. HAMILTON is a member of the Evangelical Church.

Hammer, Lewis

LEWIS HAMMER was born in Lorain County, Ohio, September 4, 1847, son of Godfrey and Catharina (DOCHTLER) HAMMER and of German ancestry. The parents both died in Ohio. Mr. HAMMER, one of their six children, was reared in his native state, to farm life, and at the age of 21 struck out in the world for himself, first working at the carpenter's trade seven years - two years in Ohio. In July 1857, he came to Council Bluffs, Iowa, and followed his trade here five years, when he engaged in the lumber trade, purchasing a saw mill which he operated two years. He furnished the first ties for the Union Pacific Railroad. The ties and lumber were rafted down the river to Omaha.

After running that mill - located on the Boyer River in Harrison County - two years, he came to Council Bluffs, where he has since been engaged in the lumber trade. The Western Lumber and Supply Company of Council Bluffs was established in 1888 by Jacob MARTINSON, Lewis HAMMER, and Ed MOTT. In 1889, Mr. MOTT withdrew. They first established with a cash capital of $35,000, which was afterward increased to $45,000. The annual amount of dues is $100,000, wholesale and retail. They deal in all kinds of building material and deliver at any point. The yards and office are at the corner of Third Avenue and Thirteenth Street, and are managed by Mr. L. HAMMER. This gentleman is also interested in another lumber yard, at the corner of Second and Vine Streets, under the firm name of L. Hammer & Co., established by them in 1867, with a cash capital of $25,000 afterward increased to $35,000. The annual amount of business there is $65,000 and the scope is the same as at the other place already mentioned.

Mr. HAMMER is also carrying on farming and stock raising extensively, under the firm name of Hammer & Wood. They have a farm of 2,500 acres and rear high-grade cattle, horses and hogs; 600 acres are under cultivation. The grazing lands are in Dawson County, Nebraska, on the Fort Kearney and Black Hill Railroad. Mr. HAMMER has assisted largely in building up Council Bluffs in all its interests, especially in the line of manufactories, etc. In 1859 he went by ox team to Pike's Peak, being on the road thirty days from Council Bluffs to Denver, and spent a year there.

Politically he is a stanch Republican; has been Alderman for the city two terms. He is a member of Council Bluffs Lodge No. 49, I.O.O.F., in which he has passed the chairs; and he is also a member of the encampment. He was married in March 1869 to Rhoda A. WOOD, daughter of T.K. and Deema (MANN) WOOD of Kentucky, where she was born in 1858; and four of their five children are living: Etta, wife of Henry BRIER of Council Bluffs; Lewis H., at home; Elmer Arthur, deceased; Hazel J. and Bessie L., at home.

Hanchett, Alfred P.

ALFRED P. HANCHETT, M.D., homeopathic physician and surgeon of Council Bluffs, established himself in practice in this city in January 1881. He was born at Aurora, Illinois, June 16, 1852. His father, David HANCHETT, was a pioneer of Kane County, Illinois, where he settled in 1844. The Doctor is one of five brothers, all but one of whom are physicians in active practice.

The Doctor was reared on a farm and graduated at the High School at Aurora, in 1873, took a scientific and literary course at Wheaton college, and began the study of medicine at Wheaton, with Professor E. II. Pratt, while a student at college. He graduated at the Homeopathic Medical College in Chicago, in 1878 and located first at Marengo, Illinois, where he practiced three years, when he moved to Council Bluffs. The Doctor was married to Miss Grace McMICKEN, a native of Aurora, Illinois, and they have two children.

Dr. HANCHETT has a large and increasing practice. His professional duties demanding an assistant, he associated with him in that capacity, in 1887, Dr. Sarah Smith, formerly his student, and a graduate of Hahnemann College, Chicago, in the class of 1887. He is a member of the Omaha and Council Bluffs Homeopathic Medical Association; Secretary of the Hahnemann Medical Association of Iowa; Member of the Examining Board of the Homeopathic Department of the Iowa State university; Physician and Surgeon to the Iowa State Institution for Deaf and Dumb, and member of the American Institute of Homeopathy.

Hansen, Isaac

ISAAC HANSEN, a native of Lillehedinge, Denmark, was born August 2, 1838, the son of Hans and Kesten (ANDERSON) HANSEN. The father died in Denmark, and the mother is still living at the age of ninety-one years. They had a family of eight children, of whom Isaac was the sixth child. He was reared to farm life, and received his education in the public schools. He remained at home until he was thirty-one years of age, when he left his native country for America, in 1869. He came direct to Pottawattamie County, Iowa, which he has since made his home. He at once made a purchase of sixty-four acres of unimproved land, on section 5, Hazel Dell Township. He afterward purchased 130 acres of land in Boomer Township, but has disposed of all this land except forty-four acres which he still retains. After his marriage, Mr. HANSEN purchased a farm of 160 acres on section 1, Hazel Dell Township, to which he has since added until he now possesses 320 acres. In 1887 he erected a fine frame building, 26 X 34 feet, two stories high, with an annex 20 X 34, one story high, and also barns for stock and grain, the main one being 42 X 50 feet and erected in 1883. His house is surrounded by shade and ornamental trees, etc. He is principally engaged in farming and stock-raising, and in the latter quite extensively. Mr. HANSEN has done much toward the building up and improvement of this county, and he stands among the well-to-do citizens of this community. He is a trustee of the Farmers' Alliance of Weston. In his political views, he is non-partisan.

Mr. HANSEN was married November 1, 1875, to Maria PETERSON, who was born in St. Taaroie, Denmark, June 2, 1842. They have four children, namely: Victoria M., born September 2, 1876; Viggo, born March 21, 1879; Peter, January 15, 1881; and Carl, September 9, 1884. The family are members of the Lutheran Church of Boomer Township, and Mr. HANSEN is a trustee of the same.

Harbert, B. F.

B.F. HARBERT, a worthy citizen residing on section 18, Macedonia Township, first came to this county and settled upon that place in 1881. He was born July 6, 1853, in Peoria Co, Illinois, son of Parcus HARBERT, a native of Johnson Co., Indiana, and of English and Scotch ancestry. Parcus HARBERT married Mary Ann HULICK, a native of Indiana, and moved to Illinois in 1853. Some time afterward, he returned to Indiana on a visit, and then in 1854 he came west with his family and settled in Mills Co, Iowa, in pioneer times. He died in Glenwood, in 1865, and his widow is now residing with her son, the subject of this sketch. They reared five children: America, now the wife of Joseph CRAMER of Wayne Co, Nebraska; B.F. was the next born; Katie, now the wife of J.M. COONS of Macedonia Township; Michael who lives in Mills Co; and John, a resident of Carson Township. Mr. HARBERT was brought up a farmer; was but ten years of age when his father died, and being the eldest son, greater responsibilities fell upon him. He now owns a fine farm of 180 acres. In politics he is a Democrat and in religion a member of the Christian Church. He was married March 4, 1880 to Miss Cynthia A. CRAMER, who was born and reared in Mills County, daughter of John and Elizabeth (McMULLIN) CRAMER.

Harcourt, B.

B. HARCOURT is the proprietor of the Harcourt Nursery, which is becoming well known, reliable and popular. It is located in Grove Township, in the eastern part of Pottawattamie County, and was started in 1885. At present, twenty acres are devoted to nursery stock and small fruits. By care, observation, experiments and the expenditure of much time and money, Mr. HARCOUT has been successful in placing before the people of this county hardy and productive nursery stock, which is well adapted for the soil and climate of southwestern Iowa. For the earnest efforts put forth in this direction, he is entitled not only to a large patronage but also to the grateful thanks of all who are interested in fruit culture in this part of the state. Mr. HARCOURT has 10,000 trees of the best and most popular varieties ready for spring trade. The fact is an assured one that southwestern Iowa for fruit is not excelled in the west.

Mr. HARCOURT was born in Green County, Wisconsin, April 2, 1846, the son of Daniel and Margaret (CONNER) HARCOURT, both natives of Indiana. In 1850, when he was four years old, the family moved to Jasper County, Iowa, and were early settlers there. At that place, he was reared on a farm, and received his education in the public schools. In 1871 Mr. HARCOURT removed from Jasper County to Pottawattamie County, and settled in Grove Township, where he has since resided. He had bought the land on which he resides in 1870. At that time, there were but two houses between this point and Walnut, and to the north but one house could be seen for miles. Mr. HARCOURT owns eighty acres, a fourth of which is devoted to his nursery. It is his intention to increase the size of his nursery and give his whole attention to it. His farm is well improved. He has a comfortable cottage home, a barn, good fences, etc.

In 1866, in Jasper County, Iowa, Mr. HARCOURT wedded Miss Sarah HILL, a native of Indiana. They have eight children, viz.: Frank E.; Arthur W., a successful teacher of Grove Township; Joshua J., John R., Katty, Jessie, Inez, and Ward. Three of their children died in infancy.

Politically, Mr. HARCOURT is a Republican. He is a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church and is an earnest and active worker in the cause of religion. It was by his efforts and labor that Spring Creek Church was organized and established in Center Township. He has served as class leader, steward, and trustee of the church. Mr. HARCOURT is a man in the prime of life, is a good converser, a pleasant companion and a popular citizen.

Hardenbergh, Otis

OTIS HARDENBERGH, one of the prominent farmers of Lincoln Township, is from an old American family of Dutch descent. The remote ancestors of the family came with the Pilgrims to Plymouth Rock, in 1620. There were three brothers of that name who landed at that time. The Hardenberghs were soldiers in the War of the Revolution, and were early pioneer settlers of Ulster County, New York state. Nicholas HARDENBERGH, the father of our subject, was born on a farm in Ulster County and was a man of education and was a surveyor by occupation; he did a great deal of business for the people, such as writing deeds, etc. He was married in that county to Margaret CRONK of Scotch ancestry. To Mr. And Mrs. HARDENBERGH were born twelve children: Cornelia A., Mary J., Thomas H., Susan, Abraham, John B., Garrett C., Gertrude, Otis, Rachel, Nicholas, Eliza, all of whom grew to maturity and of whom five are now living: Thomas, Garret C., Otis, Mary J. and Eliza. The father lived on a farm in Ulster County, New York, and was a soldier in the War of 1812. He was a man of honorable character, respected by all who knew him, and a man of great intelligence and quiet disposition. He was an excellent, sensible and well-informed gentleman.

Otis HARDENBERGH was born October 3, 1828, and learned farming and carpentering in early life. He followed the former occupation in Ulster County, until twenty-eight years of age, when he came to Iowa and settled in Lewis, Cass County, as a carpenter, where he remained six years. In 1866, he went to Colorado, settling in Arapahoe County, seven miles from Denver, where he worked on a ranch and also at his trade for fifteen years. In 1881 he returned to Iowa and settled in Lincoln Township, Pottawattamie County. Mr. HARDENBERGH has the respect of the people, and has served s Township Trustee, and was also Township Clerk in Cass County. In religious principles, he is a Reformed Episcopal, but both he and his wife attend the Congregational Church at Lewis. In politics, he is a stanch Jacksonian Democrat, and socially is a Master Mason, being a member of the lodge No. 117 at Lewis, Iowa. He has accumulated his property by his own unaided efforts, and stands high as an honorable and industrious man. He is a practical farmer and takes an active interest in all matters pertaining to his township and county. He is a man of good judgment, a clear thinker, and expresses his thoughts in a vigorous manner. He has always lived a life of probity, has been self-sacrificing, and endeavored in all ways to lead a correct and moral life.

Mr. HARDENBERGH was married in January 1860 to Margaret HOPLEY, daughter of Thomas and Francis (ARROWSMITH) HOPLEY. The father came to Iowa from England in 1856 and became a prominent farmer in Lewis, Cass County. He lived to the age of sixty-eight years and was the father of eleven children, ten of whom lived and came to America: John, William, Thomas, James, Peter, Joseph, Margaret, Hannah, Anna and Fannie. The father was shipwrecked and lost nearly all his property, and part of his family were sent back to England, but finally came to America. Mr. And Mrs. HARDENBERGH were the parents of three children: George H., Sophia (who died in infancy) and Jessie. George was born October 25, 1860, and Jessie was born August 11, 1864, and was married to Henry CONN of Beatrice, Nebraska, and they have two children, Otis and Harrold. Mr. CONN is connected with the Union Pacific Railroad. In February 1882, Mrs. HARDENBERGH died, and in 1889 Mr. HARDENBERGH married Eliza WILSON, daughter of Knight and Margaret (RATHBORN) WILSON. The father was born in Churnley, Cheshire County, England, and was a prominent farmer, within five miles of the old city of Chester, famous for its splendid cathedral. He died at the age of fifty-five years, from the effects of an accident. His father, Samuel WILSON, was a Scotchman by birth, who settled in England in 1800. Mr. Wilson's wife was of an old English family, who lived on the home farm eight miles from Chester for 200 years. He lived to the age of sixty-four years and died in England. By his last marriage, Mr. HARDENBERGH has one daughter, May W.

Thomas H., the eldest brother of our subject, served through the Seminole or Florida War and was shot through the hand; he now receives a pension.

Hardin, William D.

WILLIAM D. HARDIN, whose father was one of the pioneers of Pottawattamie County, is engaged in the real-estate and loan business in Council Bluffs. Mr. HARDIN is also City Assessor, to which position he was elected at the spring election of 1890. He is a native of Council Bluffs, where he was born in October 1856. He was educated in the public schools of this city. He began business for himself as a messenger boy, for the Omaha Bridge Transfer Company. With this company he continued two years. He was then employed by J.P. and J.N. CASADY, real-estate agents and abstracters, for about two years and for about six years was employed as one of the Deputy County Treasurers of Pottawattamie County. He then engaged in his present business, in which he has since continued. He is one of the representative young men of Council Bluffs, and is an esteemed and worthy citizen

Harding, Benjamin G.

BENJAMIN G. HARDING, farmer at Crescent City, was born in Green Co, Kentucky, Dec 20, 1820, son of Payne and Matilda (Reed) Harding, natives of that state but of Virginia ancestry, and farmers. The parents moved from Kentucky to Hendricks Co, Indiana, where they remained 14 years, clearing two farms. The mother dying there, the father moed to Linn Co, Iowa, bought a farm on Cedar River and commenced improving it; and in Dec 1859 married Mary Reynolds. Several years afterward he disposed of that property and purchased a farm in Decatur Co, this state, and moved upon it, but shortly left that and settled in Chariton Co, Missouri, where his second wife died. After residing there ten years he sold and came to live with his son, our subject, and died March 22, 1883, at age 83 years. He had eight children, namely: Sarah and Elizabeth, deceased; Benjamin G., the third born; Emily, wife of James Kirk of Missouri; Rowanna, deceased; Mary Ann, now the wife of George Daugherty of Iowa, and Martha and Samuel, also both deceased. Benjamin, brought up to farm life, left home at age 20 and began life for himself by raising livestock extensively and successfully. In five years he sold out and moved to Decatur Co, Iowa, and bought 90 acres of unimproved land, lived upon it 4 years and was married there. He then located in Crescent City and engaged in farming and buying cattle and turning them to sell to emigrants. This he followed for 9 years and then bought 40 acres of partly improved land on sect 13 and this he has made a comfortable home. He erected a frame house 28 feet square and one and a half stories high. He now owns 210 acres of fine land. He has experienced many of the harships of pioneer life, commencing with nothing, but has faced them bravely and won success. Politically he is a stanch Democrat. He and his wife are members of the Church of Latter Day Saints of which he is an ordained elder; he has officiated as pastor of the Crescent City and other congregations of this faith in the vicinity for 20 years. Feb 19, 1857, he married Elizabeth Ann, daughter of Elsa and Mary (Hall) Haskins, natives respectively of Virginia and Kentucky, who in 1838 moved to Missouri and afterward came to Crescent City, where they both died, he at age 77 and she at 78. Mr and Mrs Hardings children are 10 in number: Samuel P., at Crescent City, Oliver in Crescent Twp; Emma, wife of Charles Sapworth of Hazel Dell Twp; Olive May and Jason at home; George Jackson at Council Bluffs; Don Carlos, Pearl, Charles and Mary, all at home. There are also two grandchildren, whom they are bringing up, named Myrtle M. and William B.

Harding, John

JOHN HARDING. Among the old settlers of Grove Township, none are better known than the gentleman whose name heads this article. He came here in 1866, and has since made this place his home.

Mr. HARDING was born in Wiltshire, England, December 28, 1820, the son of John and Elizabeth (HEUER) HARDING, both natives of England. He was reared on a farm and educated in his native land. The lessons of industry, economy and honesty, which in early life were instilled into him by his parents, have been of great value to him. In 1852, he married Miss Louisa TROTMAN, a native of Wiltshire, born in June 1826, the daughter of Cornelius and Ann (REEVES) TROTMAN.

In 1866, with his wife and children, Mr. HARDING bade farewell to friends and native land and sailed for America to make a home for himself and family. They started from Liverpool and landed at New York City, thence to Chicago by rail. In the latter place, he purchased a team and wagon and in it continued his Western journey to Pottawattamie County and settled in Grove Township. Here he bought seventy acres of partly improved land. Mr. HARDING has prospered since he took up his residence here and is now the owner of 270 acres of land; 230 acres are in one body, section 32, and forty acres are on section 21, being a mile and three quarters apart. This land consists of rich prairie soil and good timberland, well watered and well adapted for stock, and is considered one of the best farms in Grove Township. Mr. HARDING has a comfortable house and suitable outbuildings for stock, grain, etc. and is engaged in general farming and stock raising. He has some of the finest hogs in Pottawattamie County.

Ten children have been born to Mr. And Mrs. HARDING, viz.: Ellen Lydia WAGNER of Colorado; Elizabeth, wife of John OSLER, of Grove Township; Augusta Maud, wife of J. W. BROWNELL of Colorado; Finetta Almina, wife of A. A. SANDERS of Missouri; Robert J., who married Addie MAGEE and resides in Colorado; Thomas W., at home; Hester Drusillie Maria, and Bertha Charlotte, were both drowned in England, the former at the age of two years and ten months and the latter at the age of nineteen months; Mary Catherine died at the age of fourteen; and Fanny Sarah Jane died when she was nineteen years old. All their children were born in England except Thomas W., who is a native of this county.

Mr. HARDING and his wife were reared in the Church of England. They both united with the Protestant Methodist Church of this place, but Mr. HARDING says they were turned out of the church because he was a loyal Democrat; however, they are earnest and consistent Christians. He is a leader in the Democratic party, not only in his township but throughout the eastern part of Pottawattamie County. Colonel BOWMAN once stated that Pottawattamie County had no more zealous and loyal Democrat than John HARDING. For a number of years, he has served as a member of the Board of Township Trustees. He has been a delegate to both State and Congressional conventions at Des Moines and Atlantic, and to all the conventions of note on the Bluff, at times going from his place thirty miles and back in the same day to attend said conventions. He is a man well posted on all general topics, is firm in his convictions of right and wrong, and is honored and esteemed most by those who know him best.

Harl, Charles M.

CHARLES M. HARL, of the law firm of HARL & McCABE, of Council Bluffs, was admitted to the bar of Pottawattamie County in 1876. Mr. HARL was born in Sandusky City, Ohio, November 13, 1856, the son of John W. and Margaret (SMITH) HARL. The former was born in Virginia, and the latter was a native of Ohio. The HARL family were early Virginians, having settled in that then British colony prior to the Revolutionary War. The family is of Irish origin. The maternal ancestry of the subject of this sketch removed from the state of New York to Ohio during the early settlement of the latter state, but previous to their residence in New York they had resided in Canada. John W. HARL went to Ohio from his native State when a young man, and after marriage settled at Mt. Vernon, where the family of his wife lived for many years. Later Mr. HARL removed with his family to Sandusky. In 1858, they went to Council Bluffs, Iowa, where the father died April 6, 1881. The subject of this sketch is the only survivor of five children; three died in childhood, a son and two daughters. Edward, the second in the family in order of birth, enlisted early in the War of the Rebellion in an Iowa battery; after serving for a time and becoming broken in health, he was discharged for disability, but recovering his health, he again enlisted in the service of his country, becoming a member of Company A, 29th Iowa Infantry, and was killed at Helena, Arkansas, July 4, 1863.

The subject of this sketch was educated in the public schools of Council Bluffs, graduating in the high school of this city in the class of 1874. He began studying law immediately after leaving school, with Judge Caleb BALDWIN, and was admitted February 18, 1876. In June following, he formed a partnership with SMITH & CARSON, which continued until 1886, when CARSON was elected District Judge and the firm became SMITH & HARL, which continued for two years, when Mr. SMITH retired to become President of the State Board of Railroad Commissioners, and was succeeded by James McCABE.

Mr. HARL was married in Council Bluffs to Miss Lottie OBLINGER, a native of Indiana. They have two daughters: Nellie and Ruth. They lost their eldest daughter, Margaret. Mr. HARL is a Republican in politics. He has a fine practice and is recognized as one of the leading members of the bar of Pottawattamie County. Mr. HARL was, for five years, 1882 to 1887, Secretary of the Board of Education of Council Bluffs. In 1888 he was presented to the Republican Congressional Convention of the Ninth Congressional District as a candidate of Pottawattamie County for Congress, defeating Mr. LYMAN, the then Congressman, in the Pottawattamie County convention. A number of candidates were presented by other counties, and as a result and compromise, Judge J. R. REED was nominated, he being supported by Mr. HARL and friends when the nomination of the latter was found to be impossible.

Mr. HARL is the Past Master of Excelsior Lodge No. 259, A.F.&A.M.; First High Priest of Star Chapter, No. 47, R.A.M.; and the present eminent Commander of the Ivanhoe Commandery, No. 17, K.T., all of Council Bluffs; also First Vice President of the League and delegate to the last National Convention of said clubs at Nashville, of Republican clubs of Iowa; and member of the board of trustees of the Broadway Methodist Episcopal Church.

Harle, M. E.

M. E. HARLE, proprietor and manager of the Livery, Sale, Breaking and Training Stable, 17 and 19 North Second Street, Council Bluffs, established in 1887, carries a stock of good horses, carriages, etc., devoting the most of his attention to the breaking and training of horses, especially track horses and has to his credit that he has broken, trained and driven two of the fastest pacing horses ever bred and raised in Pottawattamie County, namely: Mattie Harle and Warren Daily.

He was born at Mt. Vernon, Knox County, Ohio, June 10, 1848, the son of Trammill and Elizabeth (WILLSON) HARLE, natives of Virginia, and possibly of Irish and Scotch ancestry. On coming to Council Bluffs in 1869, he earned his first money with which he purchased two colts, and continued to do whatever he could find the first year; then followed farming three years and then engaged in the horse business, which he has ever since followed, excepting three years spent in Colorado, mining and prospecting. In 1872 he commenced in the livery business at his present stand; and then moved to Pierce Street, where he operated eight years; and next for over a year he was proprietor of the Ogden Broadway, one of the leading livery stables west of Chicago, and finally back to the place he now occupies.

Mr. HARLE is a Republican in his political principles. He married Miss Elizabeth HARLE, who also was born in Knox County, Ohio, but reared in Council Bluffs. They have two children: Gracie and Mattie. Mr. Harle's father was a contractor for building while in Ohio, but in this county he was engaged in dairying and stock-raising. He died in December 1885 at the age of seventy-nine years and eleven months; his wife died in Ohio, the mother of M. E. HARLE.

Harris, Abram

ABRAM HARRIS, a prominent farmer of Knox Township, descended from a prominent American family. His grandfather, Barnett HARRIS, was born on a farm in Connecticut and was of English descent. He was the father of six sons: Barnett, Farrington, Gilbert, Daniel, William, and Joseph. The father lived to the age of sixty years, dying on his farm in Dutchess County, New York, where he was one of the early settlers. His son, Barnett, the father of our subject, was born in Dutchess County, and was married at the age of nineteen to Miss Sarah VANOLINDA, of Holland-Dutch parentage, but who had lived in New York state a number of years. They were the parents of eight children: Sabin; Abram; Hiram, deceased at the age of twelve years; Aaron, who died when forty-five years of age; Jane, deceased at five years; Anna E., died at the age of twenty-five; Fannie; and Mary J., deceased when eight years old. At the age of twenty-one, Mr. HARRIS enlisted in the War of 1812, and served three months. He died at the age of seventy years in Saratoga County. He took great pride in his family and brought them up under the old New England regime - to be honest and upright men and women. He was well known for his integrity of character and was industrious and frugal in his habits.

His son, Abram, the subject of this sketch, was born in Saratoga County, New York, April 15, 1823. His first experience at working out was when he was but nine years of age, for a six-months job, for which he received $12 and his board. He learned farming in the old-fashioned way, using the old-time sickle, scythe and hoe. He then became a dealer in cattle and meat, driving the cattle to the Albany markets. In 1855, he moved to Ottawa, Illinois, and engaged in the butcher business, remaining there about thirteen years. Next, in 1868, he went into the dairy business in Colorado, remaining but one year, when he went to Omaha where he stopped three months, and while there he purchased 240 acres of land in Pottawattamie County. He soon sold this and bought a one-half section, which he improved and also built a home. He sold this land in 1888 and bought his present farm of 274 acres, which is now under a good state of cultivation. Besides this fine farm, Mr. HARRIS also owns business property in Avoca. He is a large stock-raiser, having at present over 200 head of cattle and twenty-eight horses. In his political opinions, he is a Greenbacker, and belongs to the Union Labor Party. He was one of the old-time Republicans, and took an active interest in forming that party. He has always been an original thinker and independent in his opinions, and believes strongly in the original purposes of our Government - "a government of the people, by the people, and for the people" - and never hesitates to express his views. He served the city of Avoca as Mayor two years, and also filled the office of Justice of the Peace two years. He was nominated as candidate for State Senator on the Greenback ticket, and received the heaviest vote on the State ticket. He is a self-made man, having begun the struggle of life for himself at ten years of age, and by honest industry he has made his property. He is a well preserved man of sixty-seven years.

Mr. HARRIS was married in Dutchess County, New York, to Johanna FERRIS, of Irish parentage, and to them have been born five children: George W., who died at the age of eighteen; Eliza, Mary, Belle and Julia, deceased at nineteen years of age. The mother died, and the father was married to Mary HARDER, daughter of Jacob and Mary (HEPPNER) HARDER and to them have been born seven children: Maud, Charles, Lincoln, Thomas (deceased in infancy), Robert, Bennie and Jackson. Mrs. HARRIS has five brothers and sisters living, namely: Christian, Sophia, Mary, Charles and William. Their father was born in Germany.

Hartwell, T. J.

T. J. HARTWELL, a businessman of Oakland, was born in Rockford, Illinois, February 24, 1855, the son of George and Chloe (DODGE) HARTWELL, the father a native of Pennsylvania and the mother of New York. The senior HARTWELL was a millwright by trade, lived near Janesville, Wisconsin for some time and was married there. After that, he moved to Rockford, Illinois, and thence to Muscatine, Iowa, where he bought a farm and erected a mill. Finally, he went to Marshalltown to repair a mill and there, by accident, met his death at the age of forty-four years, leaving a wife and six children, namely: George W., now residing at Lincoln, Missouri; Helen, wife of George W. WELSH, and residing at Boone, Iowa; T. J. the subject of this sketch; Sanford, editor of the News; Charles and Hardin, residents of Marshalltown.

T.J., the third child in the above-mentioned family, at the age of thirteen years began to learn the trade of tinner. His mother, being left a widow, lost what money she had, and the education she gave her children was therefore very limited, and the boys were placed out early to learn some trade. Thus, by industry and economy, they have won for themselves a comfortable home in Marshalltown, where she and two of her sons reside. After completing his term of apprenticeship, Mr. HARTWELL spent a year in Des Moines; then was in several places; spent four years at Malcolm; after that he sold fruit trees and was in other employments until he came to Carson, Pottawattamie County, engaging in trade in agricultural implements, grain and coal. February 21, 1884, two years after he came to Carson, he married a lady whose parents first emigrated to Illinois, settling upon a farm, and finally came to this county and settled near Carson, where the father, about five years ago, was accidentally killed, leaving his wife and three daughters: Annie, wife of F. S. COY of Center Township; Libbie G. is the next, and Allie, a resident at home. Mrs. HARTWELL was born in Illinois, August 16, 1863, and was brought up as a farmer's daughter. At length, Mr. HARTWELL disposed of his business at Carson and came to Oakland, buying his present establishment, where he is carrying on the same trade, in two large warerooms and a nice office adjoining. Here he has a large stock of farming implements, farm machines and apparatus of all kinds, also an extra repository for wagons, buggies, etc. He also deals to some extent in seeds for the farm. His gross income amounts to about $20,000 a year. The conduct of his business has been such as to win for him many friends, and favor among all his patrons. He is a fixed Democrat, being Chairman of a central committee. He has been Assessor of his township for two years, Recorder for a period, and is now Mayor of the city, where he takes great interest in building up the material interests and moral standing of the community. He is a member of the Oakland Ark No. 335, F.&A.M., also of Lodge No. 442 of the I.O.O.F. at the same place, and of the lodge of the Daughters of Rebekah. His two children are: Lottie Chloe, born December 26, 1884, and Katie May, born August 16, 1886.

NOTE TO RESEARCHERS OF HARTWELL: Oddly, this bio never gives the actual maiden name of Mr. T. J. Hartwell's wife. Marriage records for Pottawattamie County, however, show the following entry: Thomas J. Hartwell married Libbie G. Naugle on 21 February 1884, recorded in Book E, page 48.

Hatswell, L. A.

L. A. HATSWELL is one of the prominent and successful stock dealers of Pottawattamie County, Iowa. He came here in the spring of 1881 and has since made Grover Township his home.

Mr. HATSWELL was born in Iowa County, Wisconsin, June 8, 1858, son of John and Mary (COLLARD) HATSWELL, both natives of England. His father settled in Wisconsin in 1849. L.A. spent his boyhood days in Iowa County and when in his teens came with his parents to the state of Iowa and located in Montgomery County, where he grew to manhood. He received his education in the public schools, and was reared to the stock business from his youth up.

In 1881 he came to his present location and purchased eighty acres of wild land, to which he afterward added 160 acres more, making 240 in one body, in section 26. This farm is now well improved, having a good frame house, two barns, cribs, yards, windmill, feed lots, and other modern conveniences. One of the barns is 26 X 30 feet and the other, which was built in 1890, is 36 X 48 feet, with sixteen-feet posts, and with a rock basement. Mr. HATSWELL also owns 103 acres of improved land in section 19. Last year he raised some 4,000 bushels of corn, feeding a large amount of it to his stock, having about 200 head of cattle and 300 hogs. He deals extensively in cattle, buying, feeding, shipping and selling, and has been very successful in his business undertakings. At different times, he has been in partnership with William LEWIS, in shipping stock. Mr. HATSWELL is a Republican. He is a gentleman of integrity and is frank and cordial in his manner. Although comparatively a young man, he is numbered financially, socially, and politically among the enterprising and successful businessmen of Grove Township.

Hazleton, Arthur S.

ARTHUR S. HAZLETON, attorney at Law, and of the firm of MAYNE & HAZELTON, has been a member of the bar of Council Bluffs since April 6, 1886. Mr. HAZLETON is a native of Plymouth, New Hampshire, where he was born November 7, 1855. His father, Charles HAZLETON, died at Plymouth, April 1, 1881, where the mother of this subject of this sketch still lives. The family consists of three sons and one daughter. The eldest of the family, Martha F., resides at Plymouth, New Hampshire. The eldest of the brothers, Charles W., is a civil engineer and resides at Turner's Falls, Massachusetts. Henry is teller in the Council Bluffs Savings Bank.

The subject of this sketch is the youngest of the family. He prepared for college at Kimball Academy, and entered Dartmouth College in 1877, graduating in 1881. He studied law in the office of Blair, Burling & Adams, the first mentioned being Hon. Henry N. BLAIR, United States Senator from New Hampshire. He attended law school at Boston University and at Columbia Law School in New York City.

Mr. HAZLETON paved the way through college with money which he earned, and met the expenses of a law course while in New York by teaching during the forenoons, and attending lectures in the after part of the day. On September 5, 1884, Mr. HAZLETON arrived in Council Bluffs, and for one year was principal of the high school in that city. As he was obliged to read law one year in Iowa before engaging in practice, he entered the office of Jacob SIMS, Esq., where he pursued a year's course of study in law before his admission to the bar. The present partnership was formed on May 1, 1886. Mr. HAZLETON, by his own energy and industry, has obtained a liberal literary education, and his legal attainments have been reached by the same means, and they are very thorough. He is still a young man, but has already taken a prominent place at the bar of Pottawattamie County, and is esteemed as an enterprising and progressive citizen. Politically, he is a Republican and is a worthy member of the order of A.F.&A.M.

He was married May 16, 1888, to Miss Emma HIGHAM of Keokuk, and they have one son, Charles S.

Headlee, Joseph

JOSEPH HEADLEE, the oldest living settler of Valley township, is descended from an old American family who came to Pennsylvania from England in an early day. Joshua HEADLEE, the grandfather of Joseph, was a pioneer settler in Greene County, Pennsylvania, and was the father of four children: Elisha, Thomas, Amos, and Susan. The father moved to Indiana about 1830, settling in Rushville, where he bought a farm and remained twelve years. In 1840 he settled in Lee County, Iowa, where he died at the age of eighty years. He was an industrious and honorable man and was respected by the community in which he lived. His son, Elisha, the father of our subject, was born in Greene County, Pennsylvania, and in early life became a farmer, but like most American farmers was accustomed to the use of tools and could do almost any kind of work. He was married in his native state to Dorothea JOHNS, daughter of James JOHNS, of Greene County and of Scotch-Irish ancestry. Mr. JOHNS was a wealthy farmer of Greene County and was a member of the Methodist Church. Mr. And Mrs. Elisha HEADLEE were the parents of eight children: George, Joseph, James, Jackson, William, Sarah J., Nancy A., and Dorothea. The father moved to Indiana with his father and their family and settled on a farm near Rushville, where they remained until 1840 when they came to Iowa.

Joshua HEADLEE, the subject of this sketch, was born in Greene County, Pennsylvania, December 17, 1826, and was but eight years of age when his father moved to Indiana, and about fifteen years old when they came to Lee County, Iowa, then a wilderness. He became accustomed to all the vicissitudes and hardships of pioneer life, and was brought up on a farm. In 1852, he came to Pottawattamie County, settling in Valley Township, which was then unnamed, and the whole country was a wilderness. There was one store at Council Bluffs, and Omaha was still in the "state of nature." Joshua LEWINS settled in Knox Township about six months before Mr. HEADLEE. Joshua HEADLEE and his son George, and Wash LEWINS were the three first settlers in Knox Township; Mr. HEADLEE preceded Mr. LEWINS about two weeks. The Indians frequently visited Mr. HEADLEE's log cabin, which was built on Jim Creek, Knox County, where he lived about two years. Deer, elk and smaller game furnished these families with plenty of meat during the winters, which were long and cold. The first season after leaving Jim Creek, Mr. HEADLEE plowed up eighty acres of land on the farm now owned by William PIERCE. He settled on his present farm in 1855, which contains 160 acres of which is now in a fine state of cultivation. He has lived to see the whole of Pottawattamie County thickly settled, with a population of 140,000 in a radius of five miles from Omaha. He is truly an old pioneer citizen, has brought up a large family of children, and has the reputation of always being interested in every good work and cause. The first school was established in 1856 at a place called New Town, two miles from the present site of Avoca, in a log schoolhouse where preaching was also held by John WILSON, a Methodist Episcopal minister. Mr. HEADLEE always went to Council Bluffs to market, a distance of thirty-five miles.

He was married in Lee County to Esther LEWIS, daughter of Hugh and Phoebe (BAILEY) LEWIS. The father was a native of Kentucky, of Irish descent, and was an early pioneer of Johnson County, Indiana. He died in that state and is remembered as an honorable and upright citizen. They were the parents of nine children: Jacob, George, Levina, John, Esther, Prudence J., the remainder dying in infancy. Mr. And Mrs. HEADLEE have had eleven children: William, deceased in infancy; Sarah, Martha, Mary who died at the age of fourteen; Andrew, Maggie, Alice, Frances, Abraham, Joseph, and James. Sarah A. is now the wife of Lewis MARK of Avoca and they have eight children, viz.: Nettie V., Rosie M., Lillie M., Martha B., John W., Phoebe E., Joseph A., and Lewis M. Martha J. married David CLEAMENS and they have two children living, Clara G. and Holley A. Frances married Milo MILES of Avoca and they have three children, Altha B., William F. and Stella. Andrew married Mary CHARLESTON, and is now a farmer in Woodbury County, Iowa; Maggie married Eleck KINRAMAN, also a farmer in Woodbury County and they have two children, Dorothy E. and Maynard A.; Alice married Joel JONES, and they have two children, James and an infant unnamed.

NOTE TO RESEARCHERS: Above you will find a book publisher's error. The first sentence says "JOSEPH HEADLEE, the oldest living settler of Valley Township..." but then in a later paragraph it states "JOSHUA
Headlee, the subject of this sketch..."
This bio is for JOSEPH Headlee, who is a son of ELISHA Headlee, who is a son of JOSHUA Headlee.
To help validate this, I checked the 1880 census for Pott. Co., and it lists JOSEPH HEADLEE (not Joshua) as being married to Esther and his having been born in Pennsylvania about 1826. - Mona Knight.

Heagney, Charles F.

CHARLES F. HEAGNEY, a retired farmer of Boomer Township, was born in Crawford County, Pennsylvania, October 4, 1848, son of Dominick and Hannah (SCOTT) HEAGNEY. Mr. Heagney's paternal grandfather was married first to Catherine McBRIDE, a native of Ireland, and had seven children: Margaret, Bridget, Rosanna, Martha, Mary, John and Catherine. Afterward, in 1817, he married Miss Sarah BROOKHOUSER, who was born July 4, 1800, the first-born child of Adam and Keziah (MASON) BROOKHOUSER, natives of pennsylvania and of German descent. She had five brothers and three sisters: Mary, Adam, Margaret, William, Esther, Elderson, Hiram and Isaac.

The HEAGNEY family remained in Pennsylvania until 1849 and then moved to Dubuque County, Iowa, settling upon a partially improved farm, where the father finally died, in 1851, leaving a wife and nine children. The children are: Adam, who resides in California; Dominick, the father of Charles F.; the next one died in infancy; William and Andrew J. reside in California; the next born is also deceased; Sarah, residing in Sioux City; George W., living in Missouri Valley, this state; and James K., also deceased. In 1858 the remainder of the family came to Pottawattamie County and located upon a piece of rough, unimproved prairie, made a fine home and lived there twenty years. In 1878, the widow disposed of the farm and went to Dakota, where she remained until 1888 and, returning, settled in the vicinity of Missouri Valley, with her son George. She is now ninety years of age.

Mr. Dominick HEAGNEY was born March 2, 1828, and on December 31, 1847, married Miss Hannah, daughter of Isaac and Catherine SCOTT, natives of New York State and farmers, who lived in Pennsylvania in 1844-49. The mother died and the remainder of the family came to Iowa. In the family were five children: Phoebe, Hannah, Henry, Henrietta and Catherine. After his father died, Mr. HEAGNEY remained on the farm about seven years and then came to Pottawattamie County and purchased 80 acres of rough, unimproved land and made of it a good home. He built a residence 32 X 44 feet and a story and a half in height. Farming and stock raising were his specialties, and he dealt in hogs, horses and cattle, especially the latter. He disposed of that farm and bought property in Missouri Valley, where he now lives in a somewhat retired life. He has been an industrious and exemplary citizen.

In his political views, he is a lively Democrat. August 7, 1862, he enlisted in Company A, 29th Iowa Volunteer Infantry, under Captain John T. Williams and General Fiske, in the Department of the Gulf. He participated in the siege of Vicksburg, was stationed at Helena; was in the campaign from Little Rock to Camden, when he was under continual fire for sixteen days; was also at Jenkins Ferry where there was some hard fighting, and in the siege of Mobile. In 1865 he was stationed at the mouth of the Rio Grande. On the 10th of August that year, he was mustered out at New Orleans. There were four brothers in the War, of whom one was killed and the other three returned home. Mr. HEAGNEY, though not wounded, contracted a disease of the eye and rheumatism, from which he still suffers. He had seven children, namely: Charles F., our subject; Rose, the wife of W. E. LAUGHERY and residing at Missouri Valley; Mary, the wife of Fred McCOLLOUGH and living also in Missouri Valley; Catherine, now Mrs. John FISHER; Addie, wife of William E. BALDWIN and residing in Fremont, Nebraska; two died in infancy.

Mr. Charles F. HEAGNEY, reared to farm life, at the age of twenty-one years went to Kansas and entered a tract of land, returned to Pottawattamie County, visited Dakota awhile and returned home again, when he remained until he was married April 24, 1877, to Miss Maggie, daughter of David and Mary (PHILLIPS) ROBERTS, parents natives of Wales. Mr. ROBERTS, a carpenter, was born in March 1808 and reared to farm life; he came to the United States in the summer of 1855, residing four years in Iowa City and then located upon his farm in this county. By his first wife, he had one child, Bessie, who is now living in Wales. By his present wife, he had eight children, as follows: William, at home; David and Emma, dead; Rosa, at home; and Mary, wife of Thomas FRENCH and residing in Boomer; Margaret; Samuel, at home; and Harriet, the wife of Joseph CUSWORTH and residing in Boomer. Margaret was born August 15, 1853, and completed her school education in the high school of Council Bluffs.

Mr. HEAGNEY bought his present place of 80 acres on section 5, Boomer Township, when there were but few improvements upon it. He has continued to add other improvements until he has made of the place an excellent residence. He has also added to his land area until he now has 120 acres of fine land, half of which is devoted to plowed crops. At present, he is renting the farm and enjoying the fruits of his labor at ease. he has formerly been a very hard-working man, but for the past five years, he has not had perfect health. Principally for the sake of recovering his health, he went in 1886 to the Black Hills of Dakota, and for four months was engaged in building the Fremont, Elkhorn & Missouri Valley Railroad. He returned with his health considerably improved.

He is a well-settled and intelligent Democrat. He has been Road Supervisor two years. He is a member of St. John Lodge of the Mutual Protection Society. Was reared in the Roman Catholic Church. He has two children, Mary Emma, born January 19, 1878, and edna, November 6, 1887.

Heileman, William

WILLIAM HEILEMAN is one of the prominent and succcessful citizens of Garner Township, who came to Pottawattamie County, thirteen years ago, and has resided on his present farm ever since. He was born August 22, 1857, in Saxony, Germany, the son of William and Wilhelmina (MARKER) HEILEMAN, natives of Saxony. William attended school until fourteen years of age, and then commenced farm work. When Sixteen years of age he bade his father, mother, six brothers and one sister, good-bye, and came to this country with his uncle, Carl HEILEMAN, who settled in Webster County, Iowa. William afterward came to Humbolt County, where he worked at farming by the month and remained until the spring of 1877, when he came to Pottawattamie County. He purchased eighty acres of land in Minden Township, which he afterward sold and bought his present farm of Margaret STOKER. It was an old, cultivated farm, situated about four miles from the city limits, and consists of 243 acres, 120 acres being cultivated and the remainder in valuable timber and pasture lands. He has some four acres in vineyard, about two acres in blackberries and six acres in orchard. The farm is well adapted for fruit-growing or stock raising.

On the 16th of April he was married to Miss Lucretia STOKER, who was born on this homestead and the daughter of Eller and Margaret STOKER, early and well-known settlers of the township. Mr. and Mrs. HEILEMAN have two children: Ralph Earling and Minnie Politically MR. HEILEMAN is a Democrat and is a member of the Farmers' Protective Alliance of Garner Township. He is a man yet in the prime of life, frank, intelligent, and cordial in his manner.

Hellmann, Andrew

ANDREW HELLMANN, a prominent and reliable citizen of Walnut, was born in Schleswig, Germany, the son of John P. HELLMANN, a farmer by occupation. He was the father of six children: John L., Garsten, Andrew, Hama, Lena, and one who died in infancy. The father lived to the age of sixty-five years, dying in Germany. Andrew HELLMANN, his son and the subject of this sketch, was born March 5, 1844, and was reared to farm life. He came to America at the age of twenty-seven years, in 1870, landing at Quebec. He then went to Chicago, and next to Pennsylvania, where he worked for the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad. In 1873, he came to Iowa and worked on a farm in Clinton County and in 1880 came to Walnut, where he has since remained. In 1885 he was married to Dora HANSEN. In his political opinions, he is a staunch Democrat and is well known as a straight-forward man, a believer in personal liberty, and is a good American citizen.

Hendricks, A. L.

A.L. HENDRICKS, Justice of the Peace, Council Bluffs, has been identified with the interests of Pottawattamie County since 1872. He is a native of West Virginia, born on a farm in Russell County, July 22, 1822, the youngest son of Aaron HENDRICKS, who also was born on the same farm. Aaron's father was Thomas HENDRICKS, who settled with an English colony in what was called the Elk Garden, and received a crown right or patent from King George for 400 acres. He here improved his land and reared a family of nine children. The father was the youngest, and Thomas A. HENDRICKS, the father of the late Vice President, was one of the older sons. Later the father of our subject purchased the interests of the other children in the home farm, which eventually passed into the hands of our subject, and was retained in the family until 1872.

The mother of our subject was nee Rachel FULLEN, a daughter of Colonel WHITLEY, who figured conspicuously in the War of 1812, said to have killed Tecumseh, and assisted Daniel BOONE in the settling of Kentucky, and the descendants now reside in the vicinity of Crab Orchard, Kentucky. The father of our subject was an Adjutant during the Revolutionary War, and died in his seventy-first year; his mother in her fifty-first year.

Mr. HENDRICKS' youth was spent on a farm, receiving his education in a select school, and completing it at the University of Charlottesville, Virginia. After this, he engaged in the mercantile business in Lebanon, Virginia, which he followed until after the death of his father, when, in connection with which he took charge of the estate his father left, and he purchased his brother's interests. That estate he managed until 1869, when he, with his family, removed west, and in 1872 located in Council Bluffs, and has since been engaged in collection and insurance.

He was elected Justice of the Peace in 1884 and has served ever since in that capacity. He was married first in September 1845 to Miss Mary E. BOYD, a native of Virginia, and they had four children, three of whom still survive: Robert, now living in Council Bluffs; Thomas, in Virginia, and Henry, in Council Bluffs. He was again married May 2, 1855, to Martha M. FULLER, a native of Russell County, Virginia, and a daughter of Abraham FULLER, who was one of the six colonists who first settled that section. By this marriage, there are four children, viz.: Matilda F., Ira F., Frank C., and Manuel L. Mrs. HENDRICKS is a member of the M.E. Church and politically Mr. HENDRICKS affiliates with the Democratic Party.

Hendricks, Ira F.

IRA F. HENDRICKS, the county auditor, has been identified with the interests of Pottawattamie Co since June 1872. He is a native of Virginia, born in Russell Co., November 5, 1860, a son of Aaron L. and Martha (FULLER) HENDRICKS, natives of Virginia and of early Virginia families. When our subject as 12 years old, he came with his parents to Council Bluffs where he received his education in the public schools. After leaving school he engaged in the clothing business, which he followed for 10 years, after which he engaged in the real estate business for one year. In 1887 he was elected to the office of County Auditor, and re-elected in 1889. He was married January 11, 1887, to Ella SMITH, daughter of James and MaryA. SMITH. She was a native of New Jersey and came to this county about 1880. Mrs. HENDRICKS has recently received an appointment as alternate World's Fair Commissioner for Iowa. Mr. HENDRICKS is a member of the Royal Arcanum, Fidelity Council, No. 156. Politically he affiliates with the Democratic party.

Hetzel, Frederick G.

FREDERICK G. HETZEL is one of the substantial citizens of Avoca who has been identified with the business interests of the town almost from its beginning. He is one of those men who have prospered by their own industry and business ability. His father, Charles F. Hetzel, was born August 19, 1807, at Heidelberg, Germany, that city famed for its great university. The grandfather of our subject, Christian Hetzel, was a wheelwright in Germany, an honest, industrious man with the material thrift of the German race. He was a Protestant in religious belief and is yet well remembered by tradition in the family.

Charles F. Hetzel, the father of our subject, learned his trade of his father in Germany, in the thoroughgoing, old-fashioned way. He possessed an adventurous disposition, and wishing to better his condition emigrated to America, landing in New York City in 1828, and here he worked at his trade. He married in New York City, Regina BAYHA, of German parentage. She was born at Stuttgart, Germany. Soon after marriage, Mr. Hetzel moved to Rome, New York, and engaged in the fur business. He resided there but a short time and then moved to Wheeling, West Virginia, where he was proprietor of a hotel, and remained there about fifteen years, and there most of his children were born. In May 1851, Mr. Hetzel moved to Davenport, Iowa, and was one of the pioneers of Scott County, where he settled on a farm of 440 acres, buying his land of Judge James Grant, then a prominent lawyer and one of the early judges of Iowa, and here he passed the remainder of his life; his widow is still living on the old homestead, surrounded by a goodly number of her descendants. Mr. Hetzel, all through his life, had practiced those virtues of industry and economy which are almost sure to bring their own reward, and in his later life he enjoyed the possession of a handsome property and the satisfaction of handing down to his children a valuable homestead. Both himself and his wife are members of the German Lutheran Church, and in the early pioneer days, Mr. Hetzel took an active part in aiding liberally with his time and means the church of his fatherland. People who knew him well had confidence in his judgment, and he was Justice of the Peace for some time. Mr. And Mrs. Hetzel were the parents of eleven children, all grown to maturity: Rosina, Charles, John, Mary, George, Frederick, Wilhelmina, Francis, Anna, Henry, and Jennie - the last three born in Iowa and the remainder in Wheeling, Virginia. Mr. Hetzel lived to the honored age of seventy nine years, and died at the old homestead, universally respected by his fellow townsmen and greatly revered by his family. He was the founder of a new family in America, and his sturdy traits of character are yet marked in his descendants.

Frederick G. Hetzel, his son and the subject of this sketch, was born in Wheeling, West Virginia, June 10, 1846. He was but five years of age when his parents came to the then new country of Iowa, and is an Iowa, as he there received his early education and those impulses which have made him one of our respected citizens. He remained on the old homestead until he was twenty three years of age, and there became accustomed to farm life, and gained a practical knowledge of agriculture and that steadiness of character, sound constitution, firmness of mind and love of truth which are best gained when young, in those peaceful pursuits followed at home which give the vigor of nature to the growing man. His first step into the world of business was at Davenport, Iowa, where he acted as a clerk for about two years. He then engaged in the dry goods business, in which he was successful. After two years he went to Fulton, Iowa, and was engaged in the grain business for some time, and in 1874 he came to Avoca and was again in the grain trade for a short time. He then began the hardware trade, which he has since followed successfully. In political opinions, he has always been a stanch Democrat, as was his father before him. He has gained the confidence of his party in this county by his steadfast course as a conservative member of the city council and four years as recorder. He has been county commissioner for six years, and president of the board two years, an office which he holds at the present writing. He has an active interest in the cause of education, and was nine years a member of the board of education and secretary of the board during that time. Mr. Hetzel is not a politician, but he believes it the duty of a good citizen to take an active interest in all local affairs, and vote and act for the best interest of his county and town. By this course, he enjoys the respect and confidence of his fellow townsmen. He is a member of Avoca Lodge No. 220, I.O.O.F., and of Avoca Lodge No. 104, K. of P. and has passed through all the chairs of both lodges.

Mr. Hetzel married at Wilton, Iowa, April 8, 1875, Miss Arabella J. BOYD, daughter of James H. and Eliza (PHELPS) Boyd. Both the families are of old American stock, who have been identified with the early history of our country, and thus blend with the sturdy blood of Germany the characteristics of the pioneers and soldiers whose patriotism made this land of ours a free and independent nation. Mr. And Mrs. Hetzel are the parents of five children, namely: Roy B., Clarence C., Ollie E., Minnie and Bell. Mrs. Hetzel is a member of the Presbyterian Church, where the family also attends. Mr. Hetzel is a man of quiet tastes and one of those sterling citizens who are the best element of our country.

Hewitt, George W.

GEORGE W. HEWITT, attorney, Council Bluffs, was born in Franklin Grove, Lee County, Illinois, July 31, 1859, and is the son of Dr. George W. HEWITT and Caroline (MILLER) HEWITT, both deceased. Dr. HEWITT located in Franklin in 1854 and practiced his profession in that place until his death in January 1881, save the four years, during the late war, he served as surgeon in the Thirty-fourth Regiment Illinois Volunteers. Early in his practice the Doctor took a high rank in his profession, which he dearly loved for the opportunities it afforded him to do good to his fellow men. Shortly after his decease, a Grand Army of the Republic post was organized in Franklin and it was named George W. Hewitt Post, No. 398, in honor of the Doctor. Mrs. HEWITT died in November 1863, and left surviving her the Doctor and two boys: Henry M. and our subject. After Mrs. HEWITT's death, one of her sisters, Miss A. T. MILLER, remained in the Doctor's home and raised the children. Henry M. HEWITT, M. D., is now married and resides in Franklin.

Our subject was educated in the public schools in Franklin until 1874, when he entered the Northwestern University at Evanston, Illinois, where he remained until June, 1880, when he graduated from the college with the degree of A. B. In the fall of that year he entered the Union College of Law, Chicago, Illinois, and in June 1882, received the degree of B. L. In the same month, he was admitted to the bar of the State of Illinois, and since then, to the bar of Dakota and the Federal Courts of Iowa. In June 1886, the degree of M. A. was conferred upon him by the Northwestern University.

In July, 1883, he located at Ireton, Sioux County, Iowa, and practiced his profession in that place until January 1, 1886, when he entered into partnership relations with Finley BURKE, Esq. of Orange City, Iowa, which necessitated his moving to the latter town. The firm of Burke and Hewitt continued to practice in that place until February 1887, when it dissolved, Mr. BURKE locating in Council Bluffs, Iowa, and Mr. HEWITT continuing in business at Orange City. Here the latter remained until July 1889, when he again joined Mr. BURKE at the Bluffs and became a second time a member of the law firm of Burke & Hewitt. This firm has continued as such until January 1, 1891, when it was joined by Thomas E. CASADY, Esq., of Council Bluffs, and the firm is now known as Burke, Hewitt & Casady.

August 21, 1889, Mr. HEWITT was married to Viola J. EAST, of Clinton, Iowa. He was made a Master Mason, at Ireton, in the summer of 1885; became a member of the Occidental Chapter, No. 114, of Royal Arch Masons, at Le Mars, Iowa, on January 13, 1890; and was a charter member of the Sioux City, Iowa, body of the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite for the United States of America, their territories and dependencies. He is a member of the Republican party and has always voted the Republican ticket.

Hicks, George W.

GEORGE W. HICKS of Hancock is one of our soldier farmers who served his country in the great Civil War, and helped to preserve the stars and stripes unsullied. After the War, he engaged in farming. William HICKS, the grandfather of George, was born in England, and emigrated to North Carolina at an early day. He is supposed to have married in that State. He was the father of three sons and two daughters: Jesse, Saul, John, Dorothy and Madeline. He lived to a great age. He was a substantial farmer and large landowner, and he left a large estate in Fleming County, Kentucky, whither he had moved from North Carolina. His son Saul, the father of George W., was born in North Carolina and was but a small boy when his father moved to Kentucky. He early learned to work on the farm and followed that business all his life. He married in Fleming County, Elizabeth McDOUGAL, of Scotch parentage. Her father came to Fleming County, Kentucky, when she was a child, and followed farming there. He was the father of four children: Solomon, William, Hannah and Elizabeth. Mr. HICKS, in 1844, moved with his family to Menard County, Illinois, and settled on a farm as a pioneer there. Mr. And Mrs. HICKS were members of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church, and Mr. HICKS was an elder for some years, taking an active interest in his church. He died at the age of 60 years, in Menard County, Illinois.

His son, George W. HICKS, the subject of this sketch, was born in Fleming County, Kentucky, in 1832, learned farming when young, and when 13 years of age moved with his father to Illinois. He married Mary E. TRUMBO of Menard County in Springfield, Illinois, in 1857 and settled on a farm in that county. In 1859 he moved to Grundy County, Missouri, and when the War broke out, he returned to Illinois and enlisted August 21, 1862, in Company K, 114th Illinois Volunteer Infantry, as a Private, and was promoted to First Sergeant. He was at the battles at Jackson, Champion Hills, Black River, and the siege of Vicksburg, at the second battle at Jackson, and at Guntown, all in Mississippi. At the last named point, he was wounded in the left shoulder and was in the hospital at Memphis, Tennessee, a short time and sent from there to Camp Butler, Illinois, and was honorably discharged October 19, 1864, on account of disability from wounds received in battle. He had served two years and three months. He returned to Menard County, Illinois, and resumed farming and lived there until 1874, and then settled in Madison County, Iowa, where he lived 12 years. In 1886 he moved to Pottawattamie County and settled in Valley Township on a farm. Mr. And Mrs. HICKS have five children: Mary E., George H., William T., Samuel M., and Charles E., all born in Menard County, Illinois; but Mary E., who was born in Grundy County, Missouri, and all are living. In politics he is a stanch Democrat. He has always commanded the respect of his fellow citizens, and was elected to the office of Coroner in Illinois by a large majority of the voters. Mr. HICKS has always taken an active interest in the cause of education, and has served as School Director and held township offices. He is a member of William Layton Post No. 358, G.A.R. at Oakland. He owns a good farm of 120 acres in Valley Township, and is esteemed by his neighbors and fellow townsmen as a good citizen and as an upright and moral man. As a soldier, he was loyal and faithful in his country’s service, in war and in peace. He is a law-abiding citizen and interested in the prosperity of his county. His memory will be cherished by his descendants as an honorable and patriotic man, who offered his life and shed his blood to save his country in her time of peril. May his descendants emulate his example.

Holmes, George A.

GEORGE A. HOLMES, attorney and counsellor at law, Council Bluffs, is one of the leading members of the bar of this city and one of its representative citizens. He became established here in his profession in December 1873. He has been continuously alone in practice and has occupied his present office at 332 Broadway during all the years of his residence here. Mr. HOLMES is a native of Illinois, born in Tazewell Co, that state, in 1849. His father, George W. HOLMES, was a pioneer of that county and a native of Charleston, West Virginia. The mother of the subject, formerly Sarah A. ALLEN, was born in Schenectady, NY. Her mother dying when she was an infant, she was adopted into the family of Flavel BASCOM, and taken by her adopted parents to the town of Groveland, Tazewell Co, Illinois.

GEORGE W. HOLMES and wife are now residents of Council Buffs. The former is a builder and millwright by trade. James W. HOLMES, the eldest brother of the subject of this notice, is a resident of Tulare Co, California; he has a family of six sons. Henry H. HOLMES, the second brother, is a resident of Council Bluffs. George A. is the next in order of birth, and a sister, Mrs. Laura A. RIDDLE, is the next. Fountain B. died in Council Bluffs in 1878, and left no family. Charles T. HOLMES, the youngest of the brothers, is also a resident of Council Bluffs. A sister, Emily, died in Page Co, Iowa, at age 13 years.

GEORGE W. HOLMES removed to Iowa in 1857 and settled in Page Co, and in 1862 the entire family went overland to California, and after a three years' sojourn on the Pacific coast returned to Iowa. The subject of this sketch was educated in the public schools of Page Co. He early conceived the idea of becoming a lawyer and after acquiring, by earnest industry, sufficient education to enable him to teach a common school, he engaged in that occupation. He began the study of law at home. His first law book was a copy of Blackstone. He began his professional career in Council Bluffs in 1873 and was a student in the offices of Messrs. Moor & McIntyre at Clarinda for a few months. In 1875 Mr. Holmes was made City Attorney and continued to occupy that position uninterruptedly for 14 years or until 1889. Politically Mr. Holmes affiliates with the Democratic party, but was frequently appointed to the office of City Attorney by Republican councils. Mr. Holmes is not only an able lawyer but a progressive and public-spirited citizen, ever taking a commendable interest in whatever tends to promote the best interests of the public.

Hoogewoning, Abraham

ABRAHAM HOOGEWONING, one of the prominent business men of Avoca, was born in Rysburg, Province of South Holland, March 24, 1851, the son of Peter HOOGEWONING, a native of the same place. He was married in the same town, and was the father of five children: Abraham, William, Catharina, Charles and John. He lived to the age of seventy-two years, and was killed by an accident on the railroad at Ottumwa, Iowa. He came to America in 1868, and settled at Pella, Marion County, where he bacame a popular man.

Abraham HOOGEWONING, our subject, came to Pella, Iowa, when seventeen years of age, and engaged in farm work six months. He attended school one month and evening school two winters, and was at first placed with the small scholars on account of not understanding the language, but his natural scholarship was such that after one day he was advanced to the higher classes. December 31, 1876, he came to Avoca, and has since been engaged in the real-estate business, house renting and money lending. He was married in Des Moines, Iowa, January 16, 1877 to Cornelia VAN De PEPPEL, youngest daughter of Cornelius and Mariya VAN De PEPPEL, a native of Holland, and they are the parents of four children: Peter, Cornelius, Abraham and Henry. It is gratifying to note that while our subject began life as a vegetable peddler when a mere boy from thirteen to sixteen years of age, in the Hague, the capital of Holland, he has, by his own unaided efforts and with great perseverance, become a reliable citizen. He has never been above earning an honest dollar in any legitimate manner, and it may well be said that he has come by his property honestly. It is needless to state of Mr. HOOGEWONING, that he is rated high in the commercial reports and that he is regarded as a straight-forward and reliable man. He is also a man of excellent natural ability, and, as he is still a young man, should take a high rank in the future. Coming from Holland, England and Germany, and speaking foreign languages, he has, by his force of character alone, overcome obstacles which would have been insurmountable by many others.

Hooker, J. D.
Submitted by: K & R Rees

J. D. HOOKER, of section 11, Carson Township, was born in Chautauqua County, NY, July 10, 1837, the son of H. M. and Nancy (PALMETER) HOOKER; the father was a native of Genesee County, NY, and a relative of the General "Fighting Joe Hooker." The family were of English ancestry and descendants of two brothers who were among the early emigrants to the northeastern states. The parents reared a family of ten children. The father was born in 1810 and came to Iowa, settling in Delaware County in 1854, being one of the first settlers in that county. He lived there until his death which took place in March 1874. The mother resides in this county at the age of 74 years.

J. D. HOOKER first worked in a saw mill in Pennsylvania, having been brought up in the lumber regions of southern New York, and was well fitted for that situation. He came to Iowa in the spring of 1855, when quite a young man, and his experience in the sawmill made him quite a desirable man to serve in the capacity of foreman, and he easily obtained a situation. He remained here five years and then purchased a farm in Delaware County, Iowa, which he sold in 1869. Here he first commenced the study of veterinary surgery, practicing occasionally while he carried on his farm. He removed to Webster County, south of Fort Dodge, where he lived for two years, and in May 1871, first came to Pottawattamie County, and settled on prairie land, when all was new and wild in that county. Mr. Hooker now owns a valuable farm situated about one mile from Carson. He has a blacksmith shop run by his sons, and his home, called Pleasant Valley, is a beautiful place.

He carries a full line of instruments of all kinds, especially those required in horse dentistry and surgery, having over $200 worth altogether. He is also the inventor of Hooker's Cure for Flatulent (wind) Colic, one of the most prevalent and fatal diseases of the horse, and he contemplates beginning soon to manufacture the medicine.

He was married in Delaware County, Iowa, July 10, 1861, to Miss T. J. Wilson, the daughter of John and Jane (CRELLING) WILSON; the former was born of Scotch parents who had settled in Ireland, where he was born; and the latter was born in Northumberland, England. The family came to the United States in 1848 and settled in Iowa County, Wisconsin, and in 1858 came to Delaware County, Iowa. The father died in 1876 in Delaware County, and the mother still lives at Sioux City, Iowa, at the age of seventy three years.

Mr. and Mrs. Hooker have nine children, namely: J.M., a contractor and builder in Chase County, Nebraska; C.M., at home; Edward D., residing in Chase County, Nebraska; James D., residing at the same place; Jenny L., the wife of Frank Perry of Washington Township; Lewis J., at home; Shockey E., Jennie E., Frederick S. They lost one chld, Leander Vern, by death when two and a half years old. Politically Mr. Hooker is a Democrat, and has served in some of the minor offices of the township. He is a skilled veterinary surgeon, having had about 30 years experience, and is considered one of the leading authorities in the eastern party of the county.

Hoopes, Isaac

ISAAC HOOPES, deceased, late of Silver Creek Township, Pottawattamie County, Iowa, was one of the respected and esteemed citizens of his community. He came to this county in 1876 and resided here until the time of his death. He was born in Adams County, Pennsylvania, December 29, 1832, a son of James HOOPES, a native of Pennsylvania. His mother, Elizabeth (BRINTON) HOOPES, was born in Chester county, Pennsylvania, near Philadelphia. The Brintons were of Welsh ancestry. Isaac HOOPES was reared on a farm in Adams County, Pennsylvania and learned the trade of blacksmith and wagon maker. His education was obtained in the common schools of his native state. At the age of 21 years, he came west and worked at his trade in Delaware County, Iowa.

It was in Delaware County that he became acquainted with Miss Rebecca FARR, a lady of intelligence and education, who afterward became his wife. She was born in Fayette County, Pennsylvania, daughter of Moses and Mary (HATFIELD) FARR, both natives of Fayette County. Her father was a son of John FARR, a Frenchman by birth. He was a teacher in his younger days, is a mechanic and cabinet-maker by trade, and now, at the age of 78 years, is still a resident of his native county. His wife was of German ancestry. She died in Fayette County, Pennsylvania, in 1884, at the age of 70 years.

Mrs. HOOPES was educated at her native place, and at the age of 15 years, began teaching school in Virginia. At seventeen, she came to Iowa and continued her profession in Delaware County. At Colesburg, that county, September 24, 1865, she was united in marriage to Isaac HOOPES, Rev. B.H. Crider performing the ceremony. They continued to reside in Delaware County until 1876 when they removed to Oskaloosa, Mahaska County, Iowa, where Mr. HOOPES worked at his trade for a time. He subsequently purchased a farm five and a half miles from Oskaloosa, where they lived until 1876, when they came to Pottawattamie County. Here Mr. HOOPES purchased 160 acres of wild land in Silver Creek Township, paying for it $1,750 and here he spent the residue of his life. He was killed on his own farm, February 16, 1888, by a runaway team. He was a believer in Christian Science. Politically he was a Republican. His widow and two children survive him. The names of the latter are Willis I. and Orville G. Charles R. HOOPES, their first-born, died in 1882 at the age of fifteen years.

The HOOPES farm is one of the best in Silver Creek Township. The residence is 16 X 24 feet, with wing 16 X 24 feet, same height, one and a half stories, is situated on a natural building site, and is surrounded by various kinds of trees. The farm is well improved, and everything about the premises -- the barn, sheds, yards, feed-lots, modern wind-pump and orchard and grove -- all indicate prosperity. Since her husband's death, Mrs. HOOPES has managed the farm, with the assistance of her son, Willis I. She is not only a lady of intelligence and refinement, but is endowed with good executive ability as a financier.

Horner, Albert

ALBERT HORNER, one of the intelligent and enterprising citizens of Washington Township, came to this county in 1885, where he has since resided. He came to this county from Mills County, Iowa, where he had resided for several years. He was born in Texas, April 4, 1850, a son of Henry and Malinda (WALDRUFF) HORNER, the former a native of Ohio and of German ancestry, and the latter a daughter of William and Margaret WALDRUFF, who were of Pennsylvania Dutch descent. Henry HORNER and wife were married in LaPorte County, Indiana, and afterward moved to Texas, where their son, Albert, was born. They resided in that state three years and then returned to LaPorte County, Indiana. The father was a farmer; and politically was a Democrat. The parents reared eight children, of whom Albert was the third of three sons and five daughters. One of the daughters, Alethia, wife of William CHAPMAN, resides in Silver Creek Township.

Albert HORNER was reared on a farm in LaPorte County, Indiana, where he resided until 1875, when he removed to Union County, Iowa, remaining three years. He then went to Bureau County, Illinois and resided there one year. He then came to Mills County, Iowa, where he remained until he came to this county. In 1884 he bought his present farm of Ed GUSTISON, which he has since improved. When he purchased his place, it was covered with brush, which he has since cleared away. The farm consists of eighty acres, on which is some natural timber. Mr. HORNER was married in Council Bluffs to Mrs. Nancy J. CHIPPS, who was a widow and the daughter of Francis CAMPBELL, a native of Pennsylvania and a son of Francis CAMPBELL Sr. One of her brothers, D. D. CAMPBELL, resides in Mills County, Iowa. The mother of Mrs. HORNER was Elizabeth (HUGHART) CAMPBELL, a native of Virginia and a daughter of David HUGHART. Francis CAMPBELL Jr. and his wife had ten children, five of whom are living. Mr. HORNER is politically a Democrat, having been reared to that belief. He is a man yet in the prime of life, frank and cordial in his manner and address. He is a man who has traveled extensively and is well informed on general topics.

Hose Company No. 3

HOSE COMPANY NO. 3, Council Bluffs. James G. BRADLEY, Superintendent of the fire and police electric departments of Council Bluffs, has served in this capacity since 1884, and previous to this, he served in the volunteer fire department from 1879. He came to Council Bluffs in the spring of 1878, where he has since been a constant resident. He was born in Phillipsburg, New Jersey, May 1, 1858, son of Charles and Mary Ellen (CREVELING) BRADLEY, natives of Connecticut and of Irish and English descent. He was brought up in his native State, and in early life was engaged in painting and paper-hanging, which he followed until 1884, when he book the position he now occupies. He has the electric department under his control and is a live and energetic man in his position. Politically, he is a Democrat and socially is a member of Twin Brother Encampment No. 42, I.O.O.F.; Canton No. 21; subordinate No. 49; and of the Red Men, Pottawattamie Tribe, No. 21; and also a member of the Council Bluffs Veteran Firemen's Association. He is a man of worth and experience.

N. B. WICKS, Captain of Hose No. 3, has been connected with the fire department of Council Bluffs since 1876. He was born in Shelby County, Iowa, February 28, 1858, a son of Mansel and Electa M. (BRADLEY) WICKS, natives of New York and Connecticut, and of English extraction. Mr. WICKS was reared in Council Bluffs since 1865, and when but sixteen years of age was engaged at steam engineering, which he has followed more or less since that time. In 1876, he joined the volunteer department of firemen of this city, and in 1888 was made Captain of Hose No. 3. Politically, he is a Democrat, and is a member of the I.O.O.F., No. 49, and also of Red Men, Pottawattamie Tribe, No. 21.

F. G. HITCHCOCK, a member of Hose House Fire Department No. 3, Council Bluffs, was previously a member of the volunteer department from 1879 to 1888. He was born in 1860 in New York state, a son of G. C. and Mary (SMITH) HITCHCOCK, natives of New York state and of English and Puritan descent. Mr. HITCHCOCK was reared in his native State until 1876, when he came to Pottawattamie County. He was employed in the railroad service for about four years, and in 1888 was elected as fireman in Hose House No. 3. Politically, he affiliates with the Republican Party. He was married in 1883 to Miss Eva COCHRAN, a native of this county, and they have two children: Cora and Richard.

CHARLES SANDERSON, who has been connected with the fire department of Council Bluffs since 1872 is now a member of Hose No. 3. He was born in Sweden in 1839 and was reared to farm life in his native country until seventeen years of age, when he came to America, locating at Princeton, Illinois. He remained there until 1861, when he entered the services of Company D, Seventh Kansas Cavalry, serving four years, after which he came to Iowa. In 1868, he came to Council Bluffs, where he was engaged at teaming until he entered the service of the fire department of this city. Politically, he is a staunch Republican and is a member of the K. of P., No. 17, also of the G.A.R., Abe Lincoln Post, No. 29.

SAMUAL MORRISON, one of the oldest members of the city fire department of Council Bluffs, was born in Leicestershire, England, June 15, 1828, the son of James and Elizabeth (HARRIS) MORRISON. Samuel was reared in his native country until seventeen years of age, when he came to America, locating in Upper Canada, where he remained three and a half years. He then came to the United States and was engaged in traveling for nine years, after which he was employed as a stage driver in Ohio. He then came West and engaged in freighting across the plains, which he followed four years.

In 1865 he came to Council Bluffs, and became a member of the volunteer fire department of this city, with which he was connected until 1886, when he was compelled to give up his duties on account of losing his eyesight, and is now totally blind, but he still hovers around his old haunts, the engine house. He is a Republican politically and is a member of the I.O.O.F. No. 49.

Hotchkiss, Orson O.

ORSON O. HOTCHKISS, an ex-soldier of the late war and for many years a railroad man, now resides on a farm in Section 2, Wright Township, Pottawattamie County, Iowa. He bought land here in 1881 and took up his residence on it in 1888.

Mr. HOTCHKISS was born in Kane County, Illinois, near Geneva, December 20, 1837. His father, Wallace HOTCHKISS, one of the first settlers of Kane County, was born in Tioga County, New York, son of Gillian HOTCHKISS. He traced his ancestry back to seven brothers in England, who, on account of their politics and religion, were banished from their native country by the king. The maiden name of Mr. HOTCHKISS' mother was Lucy CARVER. She was born in New York, a descendant of German ancestry. Many years ago, the CARVER family was a prominent one in Germany in both church and state. They were exiled from that country and came to America. Wallace and Lucy HOTCHKISS located in Kane County, Illinois, about the year 1834, and lived there until 1859 when they moved to Bourbon County, Kansas, where they spent the residue of their lives, the father dying at the age of sixty-five years and the mother in 1880 at the age of sixty-three. Mr. HOTCHKISS was a farmer all his life. His political views were those of the Democratic party. He and his worthy companion reared a family of eight children, six of whom are living, viz.: Orson O., David, a resident of Kansas; Mary, in Dakota; Alice, in Kansas; and Carver and Nancy, also in that State. Burt, deceased, was a member of a Kansas regiment and served through the War for his country.

The subject of our sketch remained on the farm until he was seventeen years old, receiving his education in the pioneer schools of Kane County. He was then employed to carry water for the workmen who were building the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad through Kane County. Some time later, he obtained a situation as brakeman on that road, which position he resigned during the Pike's Peak excitement; and with a company, he set out for the west. From Pike's Peak, he went overland to California, where, for two years, he was engaged in mining, ranching and freighting. In 1861 he returned to his home in Illinois, and in September of that year enlisted in Company A, a cavalry company, which was attached to the Fifty-Second Illinois Infantry, Colonel WILLSON and Lieutenant Colonel Ed JOSLYN, the latter a prominent lawyer and politician. His company was stationed at St. Louis where the Captain was provost-marshal for a time. Later, with a portion of the 4th Ohio Cavalry, they acted as body-guard for General HALLECK, forming a battalion. From Pittsburg Landing, Mr. HOTCHKISS was all through the campaign, fighting along the lines to Corinth. Two months and a half he was confined in a hospital in Jacksonville, Illinois, after which he was discharged for general disability. He returned to Kane County and some time afterward again obtained a situation as a brakeman. Not long afterward, his faithfulness, honesty and ability were recognized by his employers and he was promoted to a higher position.

In 1867 he resigned to accept a situation as an engineer on the Northwestern Railroad, then being built through Iowa. He joined the force at Jefferson, took charge of engines and the making up of trains, and it was he who took the first passenger engine into Council Bluffs on the Northwestern Railroad. It was No. 33, a wood-burner. Some time after this, Mr. HOTCHKISS again returned to Aurora, Illinois and accepted a position as engineer on the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad. He was afterward promoted, and ran the best passenger engine on the road. It was attached to the fast mail train which ran between Chicago and Aurora. During the great strike, February 4, 1888, Mr. HOTCHKISS retired from railroad life. He had spent thirty years on the road, had met with many trials and hair-breadth escapes, and at that time he decided to pass the declining years of his life in agricultural pursuits. In the spring of 1888, he built a fine residence, modern style, at a cost of $1,600. He also made other improvements on this farm, which comprises 120 acres and is now pleasantly situated.

Mr. HOTCHKISS has been twice married. His first companion was nee Mary McDONALD, daughter of John and Lucinda (VAUGHN) McDONALD. She died in 1867, leaving one son, Frederick, who was a fireman on the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad and who was killed in March 1876 at the age of eighteen years. February 10, 1870, our subject wedded Miss Mary Roxanna McDONALD, a native of Steuben County, New York. She is a daughter of William McDONALD, a sketch of whom will be found on another page of this book, and was fourteen years old when she came with her parents to Bureau County, Illinois. His second union has been blessed with four children: Willie and Wallie (twins), Savilla and Mary.

Mr. HOTCHKISS is a member of the Brotherhood of Engineers, Division No. 32, Aurora, Illinois. In politics, he is a Democrat. He still retains many of the characteristics of the railroad man; is sincere and outspoken, cordial and respectful to all.

Hough, Hiram C.

HIRAM C. HOUGH, a substantial farmer of Pottwattamie County, descended from a prominent old American family. William HOUGH, a remote ancestor, was one of the Pilgrims who fled from England on account of religious persecutions in 1620, and settled at Plymouth, Massachusetts. Samuel HOUGH was a farmer of Connecticut and emigrated to the Western Reserve, Ashtabula County, Ohio, where he was among the early pioneers. He settled on a farm about two and a half miles from Ashtabula Harbor, where he lived for many years. He was a soldier in the War of 1812, and was the father of four children: William, Silvia, and Hiram are the only ones remembered. Hiram HOUGH, the father of our subject, was born near Litchfield, Connecticut, and was a young man when he came with his father to Ohio. He was married in Ashtabula County, to a widow lady, formerly Nancy TUCKER, a daughter of Josiah TUCKER, who was born near New Haven, Connecticut. He came to Ohio to visit his daughter, and was drowned at Lockport, New York; he was a tailor by trade. Mr. HOUGH settled on a farm in Ashtabula County and then went to Portage County, same State, where he remained about four years. In 1840 he went to Illinois, remaining six years, and then went to Grant County, southern Wisconsin, where he died in March 1886, at the age of eighty-five years. He was a substantial farmer and a member of the Baptist Church; his wife was a life-long member of the Baptist Church.

Hiram C. HOUGH, the subject of this sketch, was born October 5, 1831, on his father's farm in Ashtabula County, Ohio, and was nine years of age when his father moved to southern Illinois. October 21, 1852, he settled in Grant County, Wisconsin, where he remained until 1870. In that year, he came to Pottawattamie County and settled on his present farm, which was then wild land; but, assisted by his faithful wife, he has since converted it into a fine, fertile farm. In his political views, Mr. HOUGH is a stanch Republican. He has taken an active interest in the cause of education, and has been school director. He is one of the founders and pioneers of this township and, as such, stands deservedly high among the substantial citizens. He has 240 acres of fine farming land and is in independent circumstances.

He was married in Grant County, Wisconsin, to Elizabeth MATHEWS, daughter of Hugh and Mary MATHEWS. The father was born in Ohio of Irish parentage, and was a comfortable farmer in Grant County. The mother was a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church as is also the present Mrs. HOUGH. They were the parents of two children: Elizabeth and Thomas. Mr. And Mrs. HOUGH were the parents of five children, all born in Grant County, namely: Melissa, the wife of George BOWERS, and both are deceased; Charles, a farmer, married Josephine PATTISON, and they have two children, Florence and Carrie; Myron, who married Lottie HACKETT, a native of Valley Township; Frank and Mary.

Hough, J. R.

J. R. HOUGH, a farmer and raiser of livestock in Hazel Dell Township, was born in Oswego County, New York, August 7, 1821, the son of Joel and Sally (STILLSON) HOUGH, natives of Connecticut, and of Irish and German ancestry. After their marriage, the parents moved from Connecticut into the state of New York; in 1841 they came to Lee County, Iowa, where they spent the remainder of their days, the mother dying October 19, 1842, and the father about 1844. J.R., the youngest of their children, and the only one now living, was reared in his native state, and was nineteen years of age when he came to Iowa with his parents. April 5, 1842, he married Miss Cedilia P. SPINNINGS, who was born in Oneida County, New York, June 30, 1824, the daughter of Edward H. and Eliza (DARLING) SPINNINGS, natives of the Empire State and of German and Irish descent. Mrs. HOUGH is the eldest of their three children. She has one brother and one sister, the former in Colorado and the latter in California. After his marriage, Mr. HOUGH located in Lee County, just mentioned, and in 1848 he removed to Pottawattamie County, locating in what is now Hazel Dell Township. Two years afterward, he moved into Harrison County and two years after that again he returned to this county, residing near Council Bluffs a year, and finally he purchased a claim of about eighty acres on section 8, Hazel Dell Township. He has since entered 120 acres adjoining and purchased more, until he now has a total of 326 acres on sections 8, 9, 4, and 5. When he first settled there, the only improvement was a log cabin and five acres fenced, and he has since thoroughly improved the place and made a home as attractive as any in that part of the county; but he had to undergo many hardships and suffer much and long before he reached the topmost round of the ladder. Besides thus earning his own prosperity, he has also done much toward the improvement of the community. His present commodious residence, a frame 28 X 20 with an addition of fourteen feet square, was erected in 1867. Beautiful shade trees ornament the grounds, and good barns, etc. which he has erected for his stock and grain.

Politically he has been an active Democrat, taking a zealous and intelligent interest in public affairs. He has been Township Trustee, member of the school board, etc. Not only has he witnessed the growth of the county from its primeval state to its present high stage, but he has put his own "shoulder to the wheel" and aided in the processes which have been so effectual, and thus has won for himself a large circle of friends. He is a member of the Farmers Alliance. He has had eight children, namely: Morris A., George R., Frances and Adelbert, all residents of Hazel Dell Township, Frances being the wife of Frederick WRIGHT; Edgar B. and Laura Ellen, both deceased. The latter was the wife of Henry CAFFERTY, a resident of this township; Seraph C., also deceased, the wife of Ephraim ROSS of Harrison County; Ida A., wife of Isaac GOODWIN, of Colorado.

Hough, Morris

MORRIS HOUGH, of Hazel Dell Township, is the son of Riley and Sedelia HOUGH, was born in Lee County, Iowa, April 20, 1843, and was but five years of age when his parents emigrated to Pottawattamie County, where he has since made his home. He has therefore been brought up to farm life. He made his home with his parents most of the time, until he was twenty-six years of age, excepting three summer seasons spent in freighting from Council Bluffs to Denver.

He was married April 25, 1869, to Sarah HALL, daughter of A.J. and Nancy HALL. Mrs. HOUGH was born in Lee County, Iowa, May 31, 1847. They have had seven children, namely: Charles A., Lee J., Richard M., David M., Samuel A., Oscar H., and Ernest W. After his marriage, Mr. HOUGH came to the farm where he now resides, then comprising eighty acres of unimproved land on section 3, Hazel Dell Township; and here, where there was nothing but prairie grass, he and his new bride began life's journey together, and here they have steadily resided for twenty-one years. In the meantime, he had added to his estate, until he now has 320 acres in one body, on sections 2, 3, 10 and 11, Hazel Dell Township, and twenty acres in section 5, and 160 in Neola Township. He first erected a small frame 14 X 16 feet, in which he commenced life and which he occupied until 1882, when he erected his present handsome frame residence, 16 X 28 and 16 X 20, one of the neatest houses in this part of the country. He has, of course, also good barns for stock and grain, as general farming and stock-raising is his business. He takes special interest in introducing the better grades. Of cattle he has the short-horn breeds. He was instrumental in having brought to the county one of the finest imported Clydesdale horses - Napeau by name - which he keeps upon his farm. He was sired by Prince Harold, and is a splendid specimen of the horse genus. Mr. HOUGH stands in the front ranks as a progressive and prosperous farmer and stock-raiser of Pottawattamie County. He is a decided Democrat; has been Township Trustee, member of the School Board and is now a member of the Farmers Alliance.

Hough, Warren

WARREN HOUGH, a prominent merchant of Crescent City, and a hotel-keeper there, was born in Hazel Dell Twp, this county, April 24, 1849, son of Samuel M. and Jane (ALLEN) HOUGH, natives of New York state. Samuel M. HOUGH was born in Williamstown, Oswego Co, NY, January 5, 1818, a son of JOEL (a farmer) and Sarah (STILLSON) HOUGH, natives of Connecticut and of English origin, who married young and emigrated to New York state. Samuel was reared to farm life until he was married, January 1, 1840, when he began to work at the blacksmith's trade. His wife, Jane, who was sixteen years of age at the time of marriage, was born in Williamstown, April 15, 1824, daughter of Zoeth and Elizabeth (BRADLEY) ALLEN, natives respectively of Vermont and Connecticut. Zoeth ALLEN was a farmer and carpenter. He had nine children: Russell, Lyman, Truman, Morris, Samuel, Abigail, Abger, Huldah (deceased), Riley (residing in Hazel Dell Twp). Their parents removed to Lee Co, Iowa, in 1841, upon a rented farm, and Mrs. HOUGH died there in October of the next year. In 1846 Mr. HOUGH came to Pottawattamie Co. and took up 80 acres of perfectly wild land, made some improvements, sold it, spent a short time in Crawford Co., this State, and then bought forty acres of land and considerable property in Crescent City, including the residence now occupied by his widow. Being a blacksmith, he erected a shop and commenced business, in connection with farming, which he followed until he died November 9, 1881. He was an industrious and successful man, having at the time of his death a large amount of town property and 200 acres of land. He had 10 children, as follows: Mortimer and Byron, both deceased; Esther now the wife of H.H TERRY of Crescent City; Adelaide, deceased; Russell, now residing in York Twp.; Warren, our subject; Marcelus, residing in Crescent City; Herbert in Council Bluffs; and Denver, a resident of Crescent City.

Mr. Warren HOUGH started out in life for himself at age 23 years. Purchasing 40 acres of wild land in Sect 27, Crescent Township, he afterward added 60 acres more on Sections 27 and 28. On this farm he has made all the improvements himself. He followed farming until 1884 when he moved into Crescent City and opened a hotel, which he still conducts. In 1886 he bought a stock of groceries and agricultural implements, and since then has been running a store in the sale of this class of goods. In April 1886, he was appointed Postmaster and continued in office until 1889. He is a live and energetic man in business, social and political circles; is a stockholder in the State Savings Bank of Council Bluffs, Iowa, being one of the founders. For the last four years he has also dealt in grain and livestock. Mr. Hough is an intelligent and reliable Democrat. He has been Township Clerk and is now Justice of the Peace and a member of the Board of Education. He is a member of lodge No. 49 I.O.O.F., of Council Bluffs, and of the Mutual Protection Association, lodge No. 1 of Crescent City.

He was married Nov 28, 1872 to Miss Rebecca DUNKLE, daughter of L.K. and Betsy (MEYER) DUNKLE, who was born in Pennsylvania, October 19, 1844 and they have had five children, Walter, born Nov 10, 1873; an infant daughter, deceased, was the next in order of birth; the next, Hattie, also died in infancy; the next, an infant son, also deceased; and Lee, born June 30, 1889. Mrs. Hough is a member of the German Reformed Church.

Houghton, Frederick W.

FREDERICK W. HOUGHTON, M.D., physician and druggist at Council Bluffs, is a native of Wisconsin, and was born at Sparta, in that state, September 9, 1861, and is a son of Albert R. HOUGHTON. When Dr. HOUGHTON was but two years of age, his parents removed to St. Albans, Vermont, and when eight years old, the family removed to Sacramento, California, and after a residence of one year on the Pacific Coast, returned and located at Council Bluffs. Dr. HOUGHTON was educated in the public schools of this city, graduating from the high school in the class of 1879. Deciding to pursue the medical profession, he entered the office of Dr. McCRAE, of Council Bluffs, where he continued for a time, but in 1880 he entered the College of Physicians and Surgeons, in New York City, taking a three years' course, graduating in May 1883. He still further qualified himself for the medical profession by a year's course at St. Joseph's Hospital, at Paterson, New Jersey, where he remained one year.

In 1887, Dr. HOUGHTON located at Council Bluffs, and engaged in the practice of his profession and also opened a drug store, which he still conducts in connection with his medical practice. He was married in September 1885 to Miss Geneva VAN BEEBE of this city. They have one son, Albert B.

Dr. HOUGHTON received a thorough medical education; he is energetic and public spirited, and though still a young man, occupies a prominent place among the medical fraternity of Pottawattamie County.

Huff, A. M.

A.M. HUFF. This is an old and prominent American family of German and French descent, the remote ancestors being natives of Germany, and early settlers of Stokes County, North Carolina. John HUFF, the grandfather of our subject, was born in that state and was a prominent farmer, owning 200 acres of land. He was the father of twenty-two children, by two wives: Daniel, John, Wells, Charity, Melvina, David, Jordan and William, are all that our subject remembers. Lewis HUFF, the father of our subject, was born on the old homestead, and when a boy went to Indiana with one of his neighbors, where he remained and was married to Susan PALMER. They had twelve children, viz.: Martha, Mary, Margaret, Edith, William, Alexis, Phoebe, Alice, Hermanda, Arthur, Luella, and Charity. After his marriage, in 1840, Mr. HUFF settled in Henderson County, Illinois, where he remained until 1853. In that year, he came to Council Bluffs and settled on a farm on the bottoms, now covered by the courthouse and park. At that time, there were but five houses and five stores there, which were covered with earth. At Omaha, there was not a building, and Mr. HUFF had a claim of 160 acres now in the heart of the city. He was a soldier in the Black Hawk War, and both he and his wife were members of the Baptist Church, in which Mr. HUFF was a deacon for many years. In 1855 he came to Center Township, where he was one of the pioneer settlers, there being but three others - Joshua and Joseph LAYTON and Mr. BELKNAP. Mr. HUFF was born in 1809 and died on his farm in 1885, at the age of seventy-six years.

Alexander M. HUFF, the subject of this sketch, was born in Henderson County, Illinois, May 17, 1845, and was reared to farm life. When but eight years of age, he came with his father to Council Bluffs, and he well remembers the trip to this state. He came with his father to Center Township and was married in Omaha in 1866 to Ella DORAN, daughter of John DORAN, a native of Nova Scotia. To Mr. And Mrs. HUFF were born six children: Mary, Lewis, Ford, Eva, Katie and Daisy. The next year in August 1869, Mr. HUFF moved to his present farm of 160 acres on which he has made many improvements. He has taken an active interest in the cause of education, has been school director for many years. In his political principles, he is a Republican and takes an active interest in all matters pertaining to his township.

In 1863, Mr. HUFF enlisted in Company C, 29th Iowa Volunteer Infantry, as a private and served two years, or until the close of the War. He was in the siege and capture of Mobile, at the battle of Jenkins' Ferry and was sixty days on one march, on Red River, which was a continual skirmish. He was in the hospital five weeks with smallpox, and was honorably discharged at New Orleans. As a soldier of the great Civil War, his descendants will honor his memory.

Hughes, Martin

MARTIN HUGHES is a native of County Mayo, Ireland. He was born October 15, 1836, son of John and Mary (WELCH) HUGHES. When a lad he was sent to England, and in 1854 he crossed the Atlantic to America, locating in Upper Canada, where he remained eight months. Then he came to Iowa, and, after spending two years in Des Moines, in the fall of 1856 he took up his abode in Council Bluffs, where he has since continued to reside. He began to learn his trade, that of a mason, while in England, which he completed in every detail after coming to this country. In 1868 he formed a partnership with the WICKHAM BROS., with whom he was associated a number of years. He also turned his attention to agricultural pursuits, as he owned a farm of 500 acres in Lewis Township, the most of which he has disposed of.

Mr. HUGHES owns a brick-yard on North Eighth street, the output being about 3,500,000 brick annually and the average number of men employed being sixty-five. Some of the principal buildings erected by him are the Merriam block, Sapp building, Episcopal Church, Brown building, the Third street and Pierce street school buildings, besides many fine structures in Omaha. He is one of the oldest contractors and builders in the city, and has been one of the most successful. He has an elegant brick residence, No. 903 Third Street, which was erected in 1888, at a cost of some $25,000, and is one of the finest homes in the city. He owns a valuable block on the corner of Broadway and Park avenue, also a block on Main street, in which his son is engaged in business, gents' furnishing goods. Besides the buildings already mentioned Mr. HUGHES owns thirteen resident properties. All this property is the result of his own industry and skillful management. He is eminently a self-made man, as he had comparatively nothing when he came to this city.

Mr. HUGHES was married in 1858, to Miss Mary WICKHAM, who was born County Leitrim, Ireland, March 23, 1837, daughter of Patrick and Celia (PRIOR) WICKHAM. The eleven children born to them are as follows: Ida, wife of Charles FOX, a resident of Council Bluffs; George, a member of the firm of HUGHES & SON, Council Bluffs; Thomas, engaged in the mercantile business, above referred to; John J., the third son, is now junior member of the firm of MARTIN HUGHES & SONS, and is a late graduate of St. Benedict's College, Atchison, Kansas, and Celia, Mamie and Martin, at home. All the above mentioned have had a thorough collegiate education, all having graduated except the youngest. Four of their children are deceased: James, John, Mary and James. The family are members of the Catholic Church, and in his political views Mr. HUGHES is a Democrat.

The firm of MARTIN HUGHES & SON was formed in 1881. They do an annual business of some $300,000, and their average monthly pay roll is about $6,000. George F. HUGHES is a practical mechanic, having learned his trade under his father. He now assumes the management of the business. The son follows his father in political views as well as in trade. He is a member of the Catholic Mutual Benefit Association and carries $5,000 insurance. His father has an insurance of $20,000.

Hutchinson, A. A.

A.A. HUTCHINSON, a farmer and stock-raiser of Crescent Township, was born near Providence, Rhode Island, May 6, 1842, the son of Matthew and Jenette (ANDERSON) HUTCHINSON, natives of Scotland, who came to America in 1842. The father was a dealer in general merchandise and engaged in the fisheries. He died November 8, 1867, his wife having died four years after their emigration to America. On her death, Mr. HUTCHINSON abandoned housekeeping, while the subject of this sketch, the youngest of his seven children, was taken charge of by an older brother until he was eight years old, when his father married his second wife. At the age of sixteen years, he went to Providence and served two and a half years learning the trade of jeweler; then he came to Council Bluffs and thence went to St. John's, near the site of the Missouri Valley, and was engaged there on a farm until the next spring; next he was on a farm on Pigeon Creek one season; returning to Council Bluffs, he learned photography and afterward traveled extensively in the practice of this art until his health failed, and he resorted to hauling goods across the plains, which enabled him to recover his health. For four years of this time, he practiced photography in connection with his other business. Coming again to Council Bluffs, he bought a farm of 132 acres, sold it the next year and purchased seventy-two and a half acres and in three years sold that. Meanwhile he was married and afterward he bought eighty acres of land on section 23. Of this tract, he has made a comfortable home, with all the usual farm appurtenances, in good condition. Much may be said in his praise, as he started with nothing in pioneer times and by pluck and energy has stood all the expenses of travel, changes, and many little losses, and yet has the possessions he now enjoys. He has now an aggregate of 500 acres of good land. He deals also in livestock to a considerable extent. Politically, Mr. HUTCHINSON is a zealous Republican and locally independent. He is efficient in the promotion of education, Christianity and the scope of modern benevolent institutions. He and his wife are members of the Methodist Episcopal Church at Crescent City, of which class he is leader, and was virtually one of its founders. November 18, 1867, he married Martha GREEN, daughter of Rowland and Ruth (HASKINS) GREEN, natives of Vermont. Mr. GREEN, a carpenter by profession, still resides at Wallingsford, in his native state. His wife died at the age of thirty-four years, leaving four children: Edward, deceased; one died in infancy; Smith, also deceased; and Martha J. After the death of Mrs. GREEN, Mr. GREEN married Mrs. WHEELER, now deceased, and by that marriage there were five children. Mr. And Mrs. HUTCHINSON have six children: Arthur M., who was born May 3, 1869; Ada, September 9, 1871; Lillie, September 20, 1872; Louie A., September 5, 1876; Maud, June 7, 1881; and Ruth May, October 26, 1889. All these are still with their parents.

Read Terms, Conditions and Disclaimers