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Underground Railroad
In Linn County

The Iowa Department of Cultural Affairs has a page on their website dedicated to the Iowa Freedom Trail Project. The information provided below is transcribed from their web page and specific to the people and places in Linn County who were involved in the Underground Railroad.  Please check out the Iowa Freedom Trail Project page provided by the Iowa Department of Cultural Affairs for more information about Iowa's involvement with the Underground Railroad.

The Iowa Freedom Trail Project

 
 The Underground Railroad was a network of people who helped fugitive slaves escape slavery beginning in the late 1700s until the end of the Civil War in 1865. It spanned northern and southern states, stretching from Texas to Maine. Most fugitive slaves traveled from the Deep South to Canada, but a small number traveled south to Mexico and the Caribbean. During that time, assisting escaped slaves was considered an act of theft according to U.S. law since they were legally considered property. Anyone found guilty of assisting an escaped slave was subject to fine and imprisonment.

As the Underground Railroad network formed, people took on a variety of roles within the system. Station masters, for example, hid slaves in their homes or on their property, which was often referred to as a station or depot within the network. Fugitive slaves were usually referred to as passengers, cargo, fleece, or freight. Conductors were responsible for guiding fugitive slaves along the Underground Railroad routes or tracks. Others took a less active role. General agents, for example, connected fugitive slaves to people who could help them on the Underground Railroad and stockholders provided financial support to the Underground Railroad network.

Abolitionists
Bartholomew, Jason C.Cedar Rapids vicinity
Dewees, William P.Viola vicinity
Lewis, LeviCedar Rapids vicinity
Stiles, Rev. William M.College Township

Anti-Slavery
Hampton, JohnViola vicinity
Hampton, Samuel BettsViola vicinity
Hastings, Rev. Royal Bertram
Nott, Reuben H.Marion
Scott, John BentleyMarion
Scott, Mary Elizabeth RisslerMarion

Conductors/Station Agents   
Dewees, William P.Viola vicinity
Hampton, JohnViola vicinity
Hampton, Samuel BettsViola vicinity
Hastings, Rev. RoyalBertram
Nott, Reuben H.Marion
Scott, John BentleyMarion
Scott, Mary Elizabeth RisslerMarion
Stiles,Rev. William M.College Township

Places

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