|Early Military History
For many years after the conquest of Mexico by the Spaniards the
territory now comprising the State of Texas was left unpeopled, the
object being to make it act as a barrier between the United States and
the Spanish settlements in Mexico. When Mexico achieved her
independence in 182 1, the new government adopted the policy of
developing the district so long neglected. To inaugurate this policy a
large tract of land was given to Moses Austin, of Connecticut, on
condition that he would establish a colony of 300 American families
thereon. The grant was later confirmed to his son, Stephen Austin, who
was given the privilege of increasing the colony to 500 families. Under
this arrangement a nucleus of American settlement was placed in Texas
by 1823, and a few years later the colonists from the United States
were strong enough to dominate the affairs of the province.
Under the leadership of Samuel Houston, of Tennessee, these Americans
instituted an armed revolt in 1835 against the Mexican authorities.
General Santa Anna, president of Mexico, marched against the Texans and
on March 6, 1836, occurred the historic massacre of the Alamo. The
following month this dastardly deed was avenged by the Texans under
General Houston in the Battle of San Jacinto, in which the Mexicans
were defeated and General Santa Anna made prisoner. This forced a peace
and the Republic of Texas was established with Houston as president.
The independence of the new state was acknowledged by the United
States, Great Britain and France.
It was not long until Houston, and other Americans, sought the
annexation of Texas to the United States, as more than a hundred
thousand emigrants from the States had already settled in Texas. In the
political campaign of 1844, the democratic party, with James K. Polk as
the candidate for President, declared in favor of annexation, while the
whigs, led by Henry Clay as their candidate, opposed it. Polk was
elected and on March 1, 1845, Congress passed the annexation bill,
which was signed by President Tyler, three days before Polk was
At that time the military forces of the United States in the Southwest
were commanded by Gen. Zachary Taylor, who was ordered to take
possession of the country and hold it until the boundary dispute could
be adjusted. Early in 1846 General Arista began gathering a large force
of Mexicans directly south of the Rio Grande, to which stream Taylor
was ordered to advance. Establishing a depot of supplies at Point
Isabel, on the Gulf coast, he built Fort Brown opposite the Mexican
Town of Matamoras, which was General Arista's headquarters. The Mexican
commander was defeated in the battles of Palo Alto and Resaca de la
Palma and the news of these engagements aroused the war spirit all over
the United States. Whigs forgot the old political differences of
opinion regarding annexation and offered their services to put a stop
to Mexican aggression. On May 11, 1846, two days after the Battle of
Resaca de la Palma, Congress declared that "war already exists by act
of the Mexican government," placed $10,000,000 at the disposal of the
administration, and authorized the President to accept the services of
President Polk approved the act on May 13, 1846, and called upon the
various states and territories for eighty-six and one-half regiments
(the half regiment to be raised in the District of Columbia). On June
1, 1846, Governor James Clarke, of Iowa, issued his proclamation
calling for one regiment "to consist of ten companies, each company to
have one captain, one first and one second lieu- tenant, four
sergeants, four corporals, two musicians and sixty-four privates. . . .
The enlistment is to be for twelve months after they shall have arrived
at the place of rendezvous, or to the end of the war, unless sooner
Iowa was at that time a territory, the bill admitting it into the Union
as a state being passed on December 28, 1846, while the troops were
still in the service. In closing his proclamation Governor Clarke said:
"The President, in thus offering us an opportunity of participating in
the danger and glory of inflicting merited chastisement upon the
invaders of our soil, has, I am confident, but antici- pated the wishes
of the great body of our people. It remains for us to prove by our acts
that he has not formed too high an estimate of our devotion to country,
and that the flame of patriotism burns not less brightly in Iowa than
The Thirty-second General Assembly of Iowa passed an act, which was
approved on April 10, 1907, providing for the compilation of a roster
of Iowa soldiers in all the wars in which the state has borne a part.
Volume VI of that work (p. 789) says: "On June 26, 1846, the ten
companies, which were to compose the regiment from Iowa, had been
organized and were ready for service. In fact, two more than the
requisite number had been organized, in the following order: Des Moines
County, two companies; Lee County, two companies; Van Buren County, two
companies; Muscatine County, one company; Louisa County, one company;
Washington County, one company; Dubuque County, one company; Johnson
and Linn counties, one company, and Jefferson County, one company."
Although the companies were ready for service in June, no order for
their muster in and organization into a regiment came from Washington.
The summer passed and still the men waited for an opportunity to enter
into active service. Late in the fall Governor Clarke wrote to the War
Department and received the following reply:
"War Department, Washington, November 25, 1846.
"His Excellency James Clarke,
Governor of Iowa,
"Sir: — I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your
Excellency's letter of the 19th instant, stating that the regiment of
Iowa volunteers are anxious to be called into active service, and to
inform you that their patriotic wishes cannot now be gratified
consistently with the claims of other states.
"Very respectfully your Obt. Servt.,
"W. L. Marcy,
"Secretary of War."
It would be interesting to give a roster of the Lee County companies
that were formed for service in the war with Mexico, but as the
regiment was never called into service the muster rolls, it appears,
were not preserved. E. L. Sabin, writing in the "Annals of Iowa" (Vol.
IV, page 314) says: "The names of the organizations of troops that took
part in the operations on Mexican soil, and published in one of the
histories of the war, in the library of the State Historical
Department, have no representation from Iowa, save the Mormon battalion
and Company K, Fifteenth United States Infantry."
The Fifteenth Regiment was recruited in the central part of the
Mississippi Valley, Company K being raised in Iowa and a large part of
that company in Lee County. Edwin Guthrie, of Fort Madison, was
commissioned captain by President Polk on March 8, 1847, and a month
later was assigned to the command of the company. He was one of the
early wardens of the penitentiary at Fort Madison. In the skirmish at
Lahoya Pass, on the road from V era Cruz to Perote, June 20, 1847,
Captain Guthrie was severely wounded and died on the 20th of July. In
1850 the Iowa Legislature named Guthrie County in his honor.
Henry E. Vrooman, of Fort Madison, was first sergeant of the company.
He enlisted on April 6, 1847, an d died of disease on the 5th of the
following September, in the hospital at Puebla, Mexico.
Isaac W. Griffiths, first corporal, was also from Fort Madison. In the
Battle of Churubusco, August 20, 1847, he lost his right arm and was
discharged on account of the disability. From this fact he was called
"Old Churubusco 1 ' by his comrades. Before entering the United States
service he had held the rank of captain in the territorial militia.
After the war he served as a member of the Iowa Legislature; as bailiff
of the State Supreme Court; as doorkeeper of the United States Senate,
and as sheriff of Polk County.
John Moyes, the third corporal, enlisted at Fort Madison on April 6,
1847, served throughout the entire term of enlistment and was mustered
out with the company at Covington, Kentucky, August 4,1848.
Isaiah B. Taylor, generally called by the members of the company "Zack"
Taylor, was from Fort Madison and was the fourth corporal of the
company. He was mustered out with the company at Covington.
Among the privates of the company, the following were from Lee County:
Jesse B. Barber, William Benton, Warren W. Bixby, Thomas Courtney,
Edmund Derrick, Samuel Foulton, Thomas L. Gannon, George A. Gray,
George Grigsby, William B. Hampton, Philip J. Hanes, Henry McC. Jewett,
John Levitt, Thomas J. McKean, Gushorn C. Norris, Grosvenor Norton,
John W. Roberts, Andrew R. Sausman, John Schuyler, John R. Snyder,
Theodore B. Sparks, Samuel D. Thompson, West Walker and William H.
Private Thomas J. McKean graduated at the United States Military
Academy at West Point in July, 1831, and received the rank of brevet
second lieutenant in the Fourth United States Infantry. After the
Florida war, in which he took part, he settled in Iowa and was a
delegate to the first constitutional convention. On May 10, 1847, he
was made sergeant major of the regiment and was mustered out with that
rank at Covington, Kentucky, August 4, 1848. He was wounded at
Churubusco. After the war he settled in Linn County.
The company reported at Vera Cruz on July 10, 1847, and was at once
attached to the regiment. From that time until the close of the
conflict it was on active duty, taking part in numerous battles and
skirmishes and losing about forty per cent of its aggregate number.
Nearly every one of its officers received honorable mention for gallant
and meritorious conduct on the field of battle and several were
promoted for similar service.
Notwithstanding the failure of the War Department to accept the
regiment called for from Iowa, three independent companies were
mustered into the service of the United States. The first of these was
Capt. James M. Morgan's infantry company, which was mustered in at Fort
Atkinson on July 15, 1846, for one year, and was mustered out at the
same place promptly at the expiration of that period. It was employed
in garrison duty and was not ordered to Mexico.
Capt. John Parker's company of Iowa Dragoons was mustered in at Fort
Atkinson on September 9, 1846, and was employed in watching the
Winnebago Indians, keeping them upon their reservation, and in
performing scout duty. It was mustered out by order of the War
Department at Fort Atkinson, November 5, 1846.
After Captain Morgan's infantry company was mustered out he organized a
company of mounted men, which was mustered in at Fort Atkinson
immediately after the infantry company was disbanded, many of the
members of that company becoming members of the new organization. It
was engaged in watching the Indians of the Northwest until mustered out
at Fort Atkinson, September 13, 1848.
In these three companies there were few Lee County men, but the muster
rolls give imperfect records of the members and it is impossible to
distinguish which should be credited to the county. There were also a
few Lee County men in other military organizations. J. J. Brown, of
Fort Madison, enlisted as a private in Company F, First United States
Infantry, in 1846, and served with the regiment in Mexico until the end
of the war. Benjamin S. Roberts, of Fort Madison, was commissioned a
first lieutenant in the United States army by President Polk on May 27,
1846, and was assigned to duty with the regiment of Mounted Riflemen.
He distinguished himself by his bravery and skill and was promoted to
captain. At the close of the war he was given the brevet rank of
Benjamin Stone Roberts was born at Manchester, Vermont, November 1 8,
1810, and died at Washington, D. C, January 29, 1870. He was a grandson
of Christopher Roberts, who was with Ethan Allen and his "Green
Mountain Boys" when that intrepid officer demanded the surrender of
Ticonderoga "in the name of the Great Jehovah and the Continental
Congress. 11 In 1835 he was graduated at the United States Military
Academy and served as second lieutenant in the First Dragoons until
1839, when he resigned. After a few months spent in civil engineering,
he was appointed assistant state geologist of the State of New York. He
next studied law with General Skinner, of Plattsburg, and in 1842 went
to Russia to aid in the construction of railroads. Not liking the
conditions in that country, he soon returned to his native land, and in
February, 1843, located at Fort Madison, Iowa.
He was the ranking first lieutenant of the Mounted Riflemen in the
Mexican war, which regiment served in the army commanded by General
Scott. In February, 1847, he was promoted to the rank of captain. He
commanded the advance guard at the battle of Contreras; was actively
engaged at Churubusco; led a picked storming party at Chapultepec;
marched with his regiment at the head of the army when it entered the
City of Mexico, and with his own hands raised the first United States
flag over the ancient palace of the Montezumas.
For his distinguished services during the war he was given the rank of
brevet lieutenant-colonel by President Polk and continued in the
regular army. While in the war with Mexico he captured a sword from
General Torrejon, the notorious Mexican guerrilla. This sword he
afterward presented to the State of Iowa and it is now among the stated
historical collections. In 1849 the Iowa Legislature gave him a vote of
thanks for the luster shed upon the state through his military services.
At the beginning of the Civil war in 1861, he was with his regiment in
New Mexico, where he played a conspicuous part in repelling the
invasion of the Confederate general, Sibley. He was then ordered to
Washington and was appointed a brigadier-general of volunteers.
Subsequently he was made chief of cavalry of the Army of the Potomac,
under Gen. John Pope, and distinguished himself in a number of
engagements in Virginia. He was one of Iowa's most valiant soldiers in
When it became known that the ten companies called for by Governor
Clarke, in his proclamation of June i, 1846, were not to be accepted
for active service, a few men from Lee County enlisted in other
organizations. Soon after the conclusion of the conflict a number of
Mexican war veterans settled within the limits of the county. Among
those known to have served in the war with Mexico were Eli P. Ramsey,
Frank Seitz, James Graham, J. M. Love and Nicholas McKenzie, of Keokuk;
and William Winters, August Ehinger, James J. Brown and William C.
Brandes, of Fort Madison. Washington Galland, who served through the
war with Mexico, entered the Union army in the Civil war as captain of
a company and in the summer of 19 14 was still living in Lee County —
one of the very few survivors of the Mexican war.
THE CIVIL WAR PERIOD
.Almost from the very beginning of the American Republic, the slavery
question became a dominant issue in political affairs. In 1808, the
earliest date at which such action could be constitutionally taken,
Congress enacted a law abolishing the foreign slave trade. By 1819
seven of the original thirteen states had abolished slavery within
their borders. Kentucky, Tennessee, Louisiana, Mississippi and Alabama
had been admitted as slave states, and Vermont, Ohio, Indiana and
Illinois as free states, making eleven of each. This was the situation
when Missouri sought admission in 1820. After a long and somewhat acrimonious debate, that state was admitted under
the provisions of the act known as the "Missouri Compromise," which
provided that Missouri should be admitted without any restrictions as
to slavery, but in all the remaining portion of the Louisiana Purchase
north of the line marking the latitude of 36 30' slavery should be
The Mexican war gave to the United States a large expanse of territory
to which the advocates of slavery laid claim. The "Omnibus Bill," or
Compromise of 1850, was a violation of the Missouri Compromise,
according to the views of the opponents of slavery, because it sought
to extend slavery north of the line 36 30", and the Kansas-Nebraska
Bill of 1854 added fresh fuel to the already raging flames. The passage
of this bill was one of the potent influences that led to the
organization of the republican party, which was opposed to the further
extension of slavery beyond the territory in which it already existed.
In the political campaign of i860 some of the southern states declared
their intention of withdrawing from the Union in the event of Abraham
Lincoln's election to the Presidency, but the people of the North
regarded such announcements as idle threats, made solely for political
effect. Through the split in the democratic party, Lincoln was elected
and on December 20, i860, South Carolina, by a convention of delegates
chosen to decide what course to pursue, passed an ordinance of
secession, declaring that all allegiance to the United States was at an
end. Mississippi followed with a similar ordinance on January 9, 1861 ;
Florida, January 10th; Georgia, January 19th; Louisiana, January 26th,
and Texas, February 1, 1861.
On February 4, 1861, delegates from all of these seven states, except
Texas, met at Montgomery, Alabama, adopted a tentative constitution,
and elected Jefferson -Davis provisional president and Alexander H.
Stephens, vice president of the Confederate States of America. These
officials were inaugurated on February 22, 1861, the anniversary of the
birth of George Washington. Consequently, when Mr. Lincoln was
inaugurated on March 4, 1861, he found seven states, with an organized
government, in opposition to his administration. However, the
President, his advisers and the people of the North generally
entertained the hope that the situation could be met without open
rupture between the North and South, and that the people of the seceded
states could be persuaded to return to their allegiance.
About the beginning of the year 1861, Maj. Robert Anderson, who was in
command of all the defenses of the harbor at Charleston, South
Carolina, secretly removed his garrison and supplies from Fort Moultrie
to Fort Sumter, because the latter place was better •calculated for
defense, after which he spiked the guns at Fort Moultrie. The
secessionists claimed that this was a violation of an agree- ment made
with President Buchanan, and the press of the North was almost
unanimous in demanding that reinforcements and supplies be sent to
Major Anderson. The steamer Star of the West, with 250 men, a stock of
provisions, ammunition, etc., was dispatched to Fort Sumter, but on
January 9, 1861, the vessel was fired upon by a masked battery on
Morris Island and forced to turn back. This incident is regarded in the
official records as the beginning of the Civil war, though the popular
awakening did not come until about three months later.
General Beauregard, in command of the Confederate forces at Charleston,
then opened negotiations with Major Anderson looking to the evacuation
of Fort Sumter. Anderson's provisions were run- ning low and on April
n, 1 86 1 , he informed General Beauregard that he would vacate the
fort on the 15th, "unless ordered by the Government to remain and the
needed supplies are received." This was not satisfactory to the
Confederate commander, who feared that Anderson might be reinforced. He
therefore sent word to Anderson at 3.20 A. M. on Friday, April 12,
1861, that within an hour he would open fire on the fort. At 4.30 Capt.
George Janes fired the signal gun from Fort Johnson and the shell burst
almost directly over the fort. A few moments later a solid shot from a
battery on Cummings Point went crashing against the walls of Fort
Sumter. The war had begun.
The garrison responded promptly and the bombardment continued
throughout the day. Fire broke out in the fort and the Confederates
increased their fire, hoping to force a surrender. Anderson held out
against desperate odds until Sunday, when he was permitted to evacuate
the fort with the honors of war, saluting his flag with fifty guns
before hauling it down.
When the telegraph flashed the news of Sumter's fall through the North,
all hope of conciliation was abandoned. Political differences of the
past were forgotten in the insult to the flag. On Monday, April 15,
1861, President Lincoln issued a proclamation calling for 75,000
militia and appealing to "all loyal citizens for state aid in this
effort to maintain the laws, integrity, national union, perpetuity of
popular government, and redress wrongs long enough endured."
On the next day Governor Kirkwood, of Iowa, received a telegram from
the secretary of war, to-wit: "Calls made on you by tonight's mail for
one regiment of militia for immediate service." It is said that when
this message was received by the governor he expressed some doubt as to
Iowa's ability to furnish an entire regiment. Nevertheless, he
immediately issued the following proclamation:
"Whereas, the President of the United States has made a requisition
upon the executive of the State of Iowa for one regiment of militia, to
aid the Federal Government in enforcing its laws and suppressing
"Now, therefore, I, Samuel J. Kirkwood, governor of the State of Iowa,
do issue this proclamation, and hereby call upon the militia of the
state immediately to form, in the different counties, volunteer
companies with a view of entering the active military service of the
United States for the purpose aforesaid. The regiment at present
required will consist of ten companies of at least seventy-eight men
each, including one captain and two lieutenants to be elected by each
company. Under the present requisition only one regiment can be
accepted, and the companies accepted must hold themselves in readiness
for duty by the 20th of May next at the farthest. If a sufficient
number of companies are tendered their services may be required. If
more companies are formed and reported than can be received under the
present call, their services will be required in the event of another
requisition upon the state. The nation is in peril. A fearful attempt
is being made to overthrow the Constitution and dissever the Union. The
aid of every loyal citizen is invoked to sustain the general
Government. For the honor of our state, let the requirement of the
President be cheerfully and promptly met.
"Samuel J. Kirkwood.
"Iowa City, April 17, 1861."
The statement in the proclamation that the companies must hold
themselves in readiness for duty by the 20th of May was in accordance
with a telegram from the War Department to the governor late on the
afternoon of April 16, 1861, which read: "It will suffice if your quota
of volunteers be at its rendezvous by the 20th of May."
On the evening of the day this proclamation was issued, a great mass
meeting was held in Verandah Hall, at Keokuk, with J. M. Hiatt
presiding and T. J. McKenna acting as secretary. Samuel F. Miller,
afterward one of the justices of the United States Supreme Court, was
the principal speaker. Hugh T. Reid, S. T. Marshall, William Leighton
and others also made short speeches and the sentiment in favor of
sustaining the national administration was unanimous. Near the close of
the meeting J. Monroe Reid invited all who wanted to enlist to meet him
and Captain McHenry at Military Hall the following evening.
On Thursday evening, April 18, 1861, a rousing meeting was held at Fort
Madison. Fred Hesser was chosen to preside and M. Ashby and George H.
Albright acted as secretaries. In the resolutions adopted was the
following declaration: "Forgetting the past, and resolving neither to
criminate nor accuse those whose political opinions and views of public
policy differ from ours, we will cooper- ate with all patriotic
citizens of all parties who love their country and are prepared to
stand by her in this hour of necessity."
Speeches were made by Judge Philip Viele, J. M. Beck, Dr. W. H. Davis,
J. H. Knapp and others, and a committee, consisting of John H. Knapp,
W. H. Davis, R. Lange, W. W. Stevens and M. Ashby, was appointed to
War meetings were also held at West Point, Montrose, and, in fact, in
nearly every schoolhouse in the county. In Cedar Township, Saturday,
April 27, 1861, two companies were started — one of infantry and one of
cavalry. Within an'hour fifty-four names were upon the roll of the
cavalry company and fifty men had enlisted in the infantry
organization. The sentiment expressed at these meetings quickly removed
any doubt Governor Kirkwood might have entertained as to the
willingness and ability of Iowa to raise a whole regiment of
volunteers. Companies were rapidly formed and during the first ten days
of May they rendezvoused at Keokuk, where the First Regiment was
mustered in on May 14, 1861, for three months, with John F. Bates, of
Dubuque, as colonel.
Although the work of recruiting was pushed forward with all possible
vigor, some of the Lee County boys went to Burlington and enlisted in
Captain Mathes' company, which was mustered in as Company D, First Iowa
Infantry. George Schaefer and Henry Rose were made sergeants, and the
following privates were from Lee County: Ernest Becker, William Bush,
Ferdinand Fahr, Philip Grunschlagg, Anton Henrichs, John Klay, Charles
Knapp, John Kohler, Jack Koppenhoefer, Henry C. Kummer, Philip Lang,
Frederick Leonhard, Conrad Limburg, Charles F. Limle, Adolph Lotz,
Robert Merz, Andrew Nagel, Adolph Rinker, Fridolin Rommel, Ernest
Rotteck, John Ruokert, Henry Schaelling. George Schlapp, Robert
Scholtz, Charles Schulz, David Seguin, Frederick C. Soechtig, William
Starkman and Frank H. Westerman.
In Company F, Conrad Balbach, Henry C. Bowen, John Brothers, Goodcil
Buckingham and Thomas J. Zollars were credited to Lee County. Hugh
Brady was mustered in as second lieutenant of Company I ; Frye W.
Thompson was a private in Company H, and John R. Teller served as first
lieutenant of Company C and later as captain of Company K, after the
regiment was reorganized for the three years' service.
On June 13th the regiment was ordered to Hannibal, Missouri. On the
21st it joined Gen. Nathaniel Lyon at Boonville and started on the
campaign that culminated in the Battle of Wilson's Creek on August 10,
1861, where General Lyon was killed. It was engaged at Dug Springs and
McCulloch's Store, and at the Battle of Wilson's Creek lost 13 killed,
141 wounded and 4 missing. The regiment was mustered out at St. Louis,
Missouri, August 21, 1861.
It was soon discovered by the national administration that 75,000
troops would not be sufficient to put an end to the war, and on May 4,
1861, the President issued a second call for volunteers. Under this
call the Second Regiment was organized. In the meantime the old "Keokuk
Guards" had been reorganized at a meeting held in their armory on the
evening of April 18, 1861, when the name "Union Guards" was adopted.
Thirty members enrolled at that meeting, a recruiting office was then
opened in the Belknap Building and in a few days the quota of the
company was filled, but not in time to be accepted as one of the
companies of the First Regiment. Richard H. Huston was elected captain;
Thomas J. McKenny, first lieutenant; and Sampson M. Archer, second
lieutenant. With these com- missioned officers the company was assigned
to the Second Infantry as Company A.
The non-commissioned officers at the time of muster in were as follows:
Joseph L. Davis, first sergeant; Daniel Tisdale, Jr., second; Webster
Ballinger, third; John Mackley, fourth; Jesse C. Wickersham, fifth;
Samuel P. Curtis, first corporal; Ralph R. Teller, second; John
Taugher, third; Eli Ramsey, fourth; Thomas A. Stevenson, fifth; William
A. Musser, sixth.
Privates — Samuel Anderson, Andrew Applegate, Edgar L. Beach, John W.
Bird, John B. Bosworth, John Campbell, George H. Cantrill, George B.
Catlin, William W. Clark, John Clough, Joseph A. M. Collins, Joseph
Conley, William Cripps, John Curtis, John Day, Charles C. Derr, Harmon
Dickenson, John R. Dimond, William Douglas (promoted corporal), Samuel
W. Evans, Seth Farr, Thomas Feehan, John Finerty, George W. Friend,
William A. Geer, John J. Gilcrist, Samuel Gillaspie, Jerry J. Goodwin,
Isaac N. Griffith, Samuel W. Grover, Lander J. P. Haggard, Robert Hall,
William K. Harper, Richard Higham, Franklin Hoffman, William Holt, John
A. Hough, James Hutchinson, Elmore Jennings, Albert Johnson, Webber
Jones, Henry Keevern, John Keppel, James Kerr, William Koates, John C.
Leighton, John W. Long, George H. Loomas, Nicholas McKenzie, William
McKenzie, William H. Maybery, Wallace E. Marsh (promoted corporal),
Erastus Moore, James F. Nash, Hamilton Nation, William H. Nation, Wil-
liam Neel, Thomas J. Parrott (promoted corporal) James M. Patten,
Granville C. Phillips (promoted corporal), Franklin Prouty, James W.
Quicksell, Joseph Reedy, John Reese, James M. Reed, George Reisonier,
John W. Renz, Charles Richards, Joseph K. Rickey, William H. Robinson,
Henry Ryan, John C. Ryan, George D. Sayler, Samuel C. Seaton (promoted
corporal), Henry A. Seirberlich (promoted corporal), Franklin R. Seitz,
Lewis P. Sicer, Henry Solner, Joseph S. Stark, Ira Stevens, Henry
Strauss, George Thomp- son, James H. Turton, William H. Underwood,
Joseph W. Vance, George Vansyoc, Richard T. Vandeventer, Victor
Voretories, Ephraim B. Wilsey, James L. Wilson, William H. Wilson
(promoted corporal), James F. Woodruff and Andrew J. Wright.
In Company B the following privates were from Lee County: Julius
Benneke, Jacob Bertschi, Oliver Inden, T. G. Kelley, August Lang, James
Nilson, John S. Patten, A. D. Root, Nathan Smallenburg, Adolph
Steinmitz, George W. Thornton.
Lee County was represented in Company C by Edward Corcoran, corporal,
and Privates Charles F. Anderson, James A. Cease, John Fitzgerald,
William W. Gordon, Joseph Hunter, Daniel Ryan and John W. Swaney.
William Bander, Lewis Eck, Thomas H. Hart and Louis Stiles served as
privates in Company E; William W. Walker was a corporal and James
McNulty a private in Company F; Azariah P. Box served as corporal in
Company G, and in Company I William W. Stevens enlisted as a private
and was promoted to second lieutenant; George W. Walker served as
sergeant; A. S. Cooley, as corporal, and the following Lee County men
as privates: W. W. Boughton, George W. Johnson, Henry Laird, William W.
Morrison, Isaac Newton, F. M. Smith, Emile Schutte and Samuel Van
The Second Infantry was mustered in at Keokuk on May 28, 1 861, with
Samuel R. Curtis, of Keokuk, as colonel. Wells R. Marsh, of Keokuk, was
regimental surgeon; Elliott Pyle, of West Point, and William H. Turner,
of Keokuk, assistant surgeons. Soon after being mustered in, the
regiment was ordered to Northern Missouri, where, with the First Iowa
and part of the Sixteenth Illinois, it was assigned to the duty of
guarding the railroads. It rendered important services at St. Joseph,
Missouri, and in guarding the United States Arsenal at St. Louis, after
which it was on detached duty at Bird's Point, Jackson and other
Missouri points until ordered to join General Grant for the campaign
against Forts Henry and Donnelson. At Shiloh the regiment distinguished
itself on the second day of the battle by a brilliant bayonet charge.
After that engagement it was in the siege of Corinth. It was then
assigned to the Army of the Mississippi and remained on duty in
Mississippi and Alabama until the beginning of the Atlanta campaign in
the spring of 1864, when it joined the army commanded by General
Sherman. It was with Sherman in the historic "March to the Sea" and the
campaign through the Carolinas, after which it marched with the army to
Washington. It was mustered out at Louisville, Kentucky, July 12, 1865.
Samuel R. Curtis, who went out as colonel of the Second Iowa Infantry,
was a soldier of two wars. He was born in Ohio on February 3, 1807,
graduated at West Point on July 1, 1 83 1 , and for the next year was
on duty in Arkansas as brevet second lieutenant in the Seventh United
States Infantry. He then resigned and engaged in civil engineering in
his native state. On May 20, 1846, he was ap- pointed adjutant-general
of Ohio, for mustering troops for service in the war with Mexico, and
on June 25, 1846, he was commissioned colonel of the Third Ohio
Infantry. While in the service he acted as military governor of
Matamoras, Camargo, Monterey and Saltillo, and was for a time an
officer of the staff of General Wool. He was mustered out in 1847 and
soon afterward accepted a commission to make a survey and report a plan
for the improvement of the Des Moines River.
That brought him to Iowa and he became a resident of Keokuk, here he
formed a partnership with Judge Rankin for the practice of law. Later
he was associated in the same capacity with Judge Mason. From 1850 to
1853 he was in charge of the harbor improvements at St. Louis, after
which he engaged in railroad work in Iowa, Illinois and Indiana. In
1856 he was elected mayor of Keokuk and the next year was an active
figure in the organization of the republican party in Iowa. In 1856 he
was elected to Congress from the First Iowa District, which then
embraced nearly all the southern\half of the state. He was reelected in
1858 and again in i860.
When the news of Fort Sumter's fall was received at Keokuk he hastened
to Washington, where he received authority to aid in raising and
organizing the Iowa volunteers. Returning to Keokuk, he found the First
Regiment already organized and was elected colonel of the Second. He
remained in the field with his regiment until June 30, 1 861, when he
left the command to Lieut.-Col. J. M. Tuttle and left for Washington to
attend the special session of Congress called to meet on the 4th of
July. When the Battle of Bull Run resulted so disastrously to the Union
arms, he hurried to the field and tried to rally the troops, but they
were too badly panic-stricken. During the special session he was
appointed a brigadier-general of volunteers, his commission dating from
May 17, 1861. He then resigned his seat in Congress, reported to
General Fremont at St. Louis, and was placed in charge of the camp of
instruction at Benton Barracks.
Fremont soon afterward went to Jefferson City, Missouri,
leaving General Curtis in command at St. Louis. When Confederate
General Price invaded Missouri, Curtis was placed in command of the
Union forces in pursuit. General Curtis bore an active part in the
Battle of Pea Ridge, after which he was placed in command of the Army
of the Southwest. On March 21, 1862, he was pro- moted to the rank of
major-general. He died at Council Bluffs, Iowa, December 26, 1866.
Statue of General Samuel Curtis
This was the next regiment in which Lee County was represented. It was
mustered in at Burlington on July 17, 1861, with John A. McDowell, of
Keokuk, as colonel; Albert T. Shaw, of Fort Madison, regimental
surgeon; Jacob R. Paynter, hospital surgeon, and the following Lee
County men as members of the regimental band: Sigismond I. Gates,
Adelbert Hawkins, James Rogers, William Madden, Richard Maddern, Morris
Peck, Edward Pipe, Augustus Santo, George W. Titus, Samuel M. Titus and
Julius C. Wright.
Byron K. Cowles, who enlisted in Company A, was made commissary
sergeant and later first lieutenant of Company K; Lynas Brockway was a
private in Company B; C. A. Gummere, in Company C; Joseph Delapp and
John Martin, in Company D; Isaac McCloskey was a corporal and John
Moloney and John Tobin privates in Company F; Jacob A. Bowman, John H.
McKiernan and A. B. Stewart, in Company F.
Company H was practically all from Lee County. At the time of muster in
the commissioned officers of this company were: Washington Galland,
captain; Rufus Goodnough, first lieutenant;' George R. Nunn, second
lieutenant. The sergeants were John McCleary, Robert Sleater, Abraham
B. Stevens, Samuel M. Titus (transferred to regimental band), and
Leonard W. Wood. The corporals were Sterling W. Camp, Dennis Miles,
Michael Bowen, John Fox, William T. Hafford, Jesse Carter and William
Privates — Edwin F. Alden (promoted first lieutenant), Charles L.
Allen, Joseph S. Anderson, Henry C. Barnes, James C. Batley, Levi A.
Best, Aaron Bixby (promoted corporal), Benjamin Bixby, Timothy Burk,
Hugh Cameron, John Carroll, Jacob Chapman, William Church, William
Coleman (promoted corporal), Matthew L. Cooney, Clarkson W. Cooper,
Clayton Curry, James W. Davis, Samuel H. Davis, William Emmitt, Daniel
P. Fithian, Henry K. Greer, Stephen H. Hand, Theodore S. Hand, Charles
Hass, Albert Hill, John W. Hufford, George W. Huston, Joseph M.
Johnson, William Jones, George Knuck, Antone Lamott, John Lawler
(promoted corporal), Elias Line, Fuqua V. Lyon, John McClearnan, James
McCord, Thomas F. McEveny, George W. McNeely, Patrick Mahan, John A.
Martin, William Miller, William H. Moore, Edward O'Donnell, Michael
Randall, William Rider, Hiram M. Roberts, John Rogers, David Shreck,
Thomas Smout, William Spain, John W. Stewart, Ray H. Stewart, James
Swan (promoted captain), Salathiel A. Swiggart, William Tadlock, Hiram
L. Walker, George W. Wilson.
Captain Galland, of Company H, was a veteran of the Mexican war. He
resigned on June 20, 1863, when he was succeeded by Lieut. George R.
Munn. He is still living (1914) in Lee County at an advanced age.
In Company K were five Lee County men, viz. : Byron K. Cowles, who
became captain of the company in April, 1862, Timothy Jayne, Joseph
Poots, Melville Sisson and Lorenzo H. Stewart.
Soon after being mustered in, the regiment was ordered to St. Louis and
went into quarters at Benton Barracks. From September 19, 1861, to
March 7, 1862, it was on duty in Missouri. It was then ordered to
Tennessee and on the 1 6th reached Pittsburg Landing, where it was
assigned to General Sherman's division. In the Battle of Shiloh Colonel
McDowell commanded a brigade. The regiment lost in that engagement 211
men in killed, wounded and missing. In March, 1863, Colonel McDowell
resigned and John M. Corse succeeded to the colonelcy. The regiment was
then in the Vicks- burg campaign, the Battle of Jackson, Mississippi, a
number of minor actions in Mississippi, Alabama and Tennessee, and in
the spring of 1864 joined the army under General Sherman for the cam-
paign against Atlanta. When that city capitulated, the Sixth marched
with Sherman to the sea and up through the Carolinas, after which it
proceeded to Washington and took part in the Grand Review in May, 1865.
It was mustered out at Louisville, Kentucky, July 21, 1865.
Lee County was represented in nine of the ten companies composing this
regiment. John Strickland enlisted in Company A, but was transferred to
Company B, in which Silas E. Mills also served as a private; Thomas
Gibson and Milton McNeill were privates in Company C; Companies D and E
were organized in Lee County; in Company F were Patrick Devereaux,
Edward R. Doolittle, Thomas Dunn, Warren Kinney and Alexander Norris;
Allen D. Cameron was mustered in as captain of Company H and afterward
became adjutant of the regiment; Livingston North served in Company I,
and Charles D. White and Moses York in Company K.
The commissioned officers of Company D at the time of muster in were as
follows: James P. Harper, captain; James B. Sample, first lieutenant;
Daniel F. Bowler, second lieutenant. Captain Harper was afterward
appointed lieutenant-colonel of the First Tennessee Heavy Artillery,
and Lieutenant Bowler was made adjutant of the regiment on August 31,
1861, in which capacity he served until captured at the Battle of
Belmont the following November.
Of the non-commissioned officers, Benjamin B. Gale, Charles Webster,
Joseph B. Morrison, William G. Ray and Benjamin Thomas were mustered in
as sergeants, and Jones B. Bonney, George M. Martin, George T.
Claypoole, Joseph Durfee, John Wolgamuth and James D. Hamilton as
corporals. Sergeants Gale and Morrison and Corporal Hamilton each rose
to the rank of captain at some period of the company's service.
Privates — Samuel J. Atlee, William R. Berry, William F. Blanchard,
Sylvanus Bonnell, Charles Brown, Calvin B. Cowles (promoted corporal),
Elijah F. Cowles, John Cunningham, ThomasCunningham, Joseph Denny,
Conrad Eitzer, Isaac C. Fortney, John W. Fye, George Gebel, William P.
Griffith, Nicholas Gross (promoted corporal), Jacob Gutteman, John
Heiser, Philip Heiser, John D. Huff, E. D. Ingersoll, Hiram Ingersoll,
Oliver Johnston, Christian Jotter, John Knight, I. J. Knight, Alexander
Krieger, Charles Lewis, Amos Logan, John Logan, John Lutz, Alvin
McNeill, Luther P. McNeill, Valentine C. McVey, Weit T. McVey, Frank
Malcom, Joseph Miller, James Montgomery, Dennis A. Morrison, William B.
Phillips, Henry J. Pickard, William E. Pickard, William H. Powell,
William H. Quarterman, James M. Racey, Francis M. Redding, Jacob
Risser, Henry Rogers, George Rollett, John Schiller, John J. Schmelzle,
Jefferson Scott, William Seguin, Hoog Sheldon, George H. Smith, Andrew
Somerville, Henry C. Steele, Christian Strine, Mahlon Votaw, Des Moines
L. Wilson, Henry Wolbert, Charles L. Wood, Jacob Young.
In Company E, James C. Parrott was mustered in as captain; Curtis F.
Conn, as first lieutenant, and Andrew J. Mefford, as sec-ond
lieutenant. The sergeants were James L. Bess, John McCormick, Nathaniel
Reed, Charles O. Bleness and Clayton Hart. The corporals were George E.
Humphrey, Thomas J. Pollard (promoted sergeant), George W. Diggs,
Thomas W. Taylor, William H. Van- sant and Morrison Zuber. Sergeant
Bess was promoted second lieutenant on November 22, 1861, and on
January 22, 1864, Sergeant Reed was transferred to the First Tennessee
Heavy Artillery. Ser- geant McCormick became captain of the company on
August 4, 1864.
— Abner Allison, Henry W. Babcock, John C. Baldwin, Harmon
Birdsall, Isaac Bunch, Parker D. Burnap, Jonathan Chandler, Joseph
Chenoweth, Robert Criswell, Franklin Danford, William H. Dedman,
William C. Dove, David W. Duncan, Montreville Fannin, John Finney,
Joseph Godeard, Alexander Halickson, Birdsell Harmon, William Harmon,
Alonzo P. Hart, Francis N. Hayden, George B. Hayden, Peter A. Heiney,
John W. Hicks, John E. Johnston, John W. Jones, John Lesly, John W.
McCormick, Henry W. McDonegal, Charles McCoy, James Magee, Peter M.
Miles, John Morgan, Thaddeus S. Perrigo, William H. Perrigo (promoted
corporal), Henry Pipkin, Stephen Polcer, Nathan W. Pollock, Thomas D.
Purcell, Henry C. Rickey, John Rollins, Homer Rose, Israel Rose, Hiram
W. Russell, William W. Sapp (promoted sergeant and adjutant of the
regiment), Hiram H. Savage, Joseph Selvey, Theodore Shepherd, William
Shepherd, Charles S. Sherman, Albert Scholte, James Spratt, George T.
Stewart, Earl Stockwell, Frank T. Taylor, Henry H. Taylor (promoted
corporal), Walter D. Taylor, Alonzo B. Van Ausdal, David Wareheim,
Randolph H. Waters, Edward White, William G. White, Thomas Williford,
Henry H. Wilson (promoted sergeant), John W. Weyrick, Charles B.
Wolfenbarger, James T. Woodruff.
The Seventh Infantry was mustered in at Burlington on August 2, 1861,
with Jacob G. Lauman as colonel, and soon afterward was ordered to
Benton Barracks, St. Louis. It was then engaged at Pilot Knob, Ironton
and other points in Missouri, and as part of Prentiss' Brigade occupied
Jackson and Cape Girardeau. It participated in the Battle of Belmont,
the campaign against Forts Henry and Donel- son and the Battle of
Shiloh. Colonel Lauman having been promoted to brigadier-general,
Captain Parrott, of Company E, was made lieutenant-colonel and
commanded the regiment at Shiloh. It next operated in Mississippi until
ordered to join General Sherman for the Atlanta campaign, after which
it took part in the march to the sea, the Carolina campaign and the
Grand Review at Washington. It was mustered out at Louisville,
Kentucky, July 14, 1865.
In Company D of the Fourteenth Infantry were twenty-five men from Lee
County. John S. Agey was mustered as first sergeant and on January i,
1863, was promoted to captain. Thomas H. Childs enlisted as a sergeant
and on August 18, 1862, was transferred for promotion to the colored
regiment. The following served as privates: Felix Atkinson, John
Campbell, William O. Childs, Augus- tus Christian, William Creel, James
Deniver, Cyrus Deo, John Deo, Theophilus Downs, Nelson P. Duffy, Peter
Ebe, Henry C. Graham, Nathan Heald, James Hixon, David L. Houser, John
A. Keeler, Andrew J. Loomis, John McCullough, Augustus Morte, Thomas
Spurrier, Peter B. Taylor, John H. Thomas and George H. Winters.
The regiment was mustered in by companies in the latter part of October
and the first week in November, 1861. Some of the companies first
mustered were on duty at Fort Randall, North Dakota, until the
regimental organization was completed under Col. William T. Shaw, a
veteran of the Mexican war. It then took part in the reduction of Forts
Henry and Donelson, was actively engaged at Shiloh, and after a varied
service in Alabama and Mississippi joined General Banks for the Red
River expedition in the spring of 1864. Later in the year it was
assigned to Gen. A. J. Smith's command and returned to Tennessee. The
regiment was mustered out on November 16, 1864, at Davenport, Iowa,
when the veterans and recruits were organized into a battalion. In the
reorganized Fourteenth Thomas B. Beach was first lieutenant of Company
B; Evan J. Dobbins served as corporal in the same company, and
Theophilus Downs, Jackson Miller and Peter B. Taylor were enrolled as
pri- vates. The battalion was mustered out at Davenport, August 8, 1865.
This regiment was raised under the call of July, 1861, for 500,- 000
volunteers, and was mustered in at Keokuk on February 22, 1862, with
Hugh T. Reid, solonel; William W. Belknap, major; William H. Burnham,
surgeon ; John C. Johnson, assistant surgeon, and Henry T. Felgar,
hospital steward. All these regimental officers were from Lee County. A
large part of Companies A, E and I was raised in the county, which was
also represented in Companies B, C, D, F, H and K.
In Company A none of the commissioned officers was from Lee County at
the time of muster in, but on December 22, 1864, Roger B. Kellogg, who
enlisted as a private, was commissioned captain of the company; William
C. Hershberger, who enlisted as a private, was promoted to second
lieutenant on January 4, 1865, and Sergt. George W. Walker was made a
second lieutenant in the regular army in February, 1862. Following is a
list of privates of Company A:
David W. Burke, John Diller, William Draper, William E. Elsroad
(promoted corporal), William B. Finley, Patrick Foley, Charles Gift,
James Hart, David Helmick, Andrew J. Hughes,John D. Moon, Nathan
Morgan, Amos Newberry, Patrick Norton, Henry A. Palmer, Henry Payne,
Daniel Reid, Dirk Rhynsburger, John B. Sims, James Smith, John Smith,
Charles E. Stant, William H. Thompson.
John C. Brush enlisted as a corporal in Company B and on February 2,
1863, was promoted to second lieutenant. In this company John Fett,
John Klay, John S. Oakley and John P. Polser served as privates.
In Company C Edgar T. Miller was commissioned captain on July 4, 1862,
having been transferred from Company I, and George Keasling and John F.
Woolkitt served as privates.
Six Lee County men were enrolled in Company D, to-wit: John Angell,
Burnett Devolt, Jacob Goodman, William McDowell, George Trump and John
Company E was mustered in with Richard W. Hutchcraft as captain; Don
Carlos Hicks, who enlisted as a corporal, was promoted to second
lieutenant in October, 1864; Perry A. Enslow was enrolled as sergeant,
and the corporals were William Clark, John J. Wilson, Melvin Sweet,
Jarrod W. Fouts and Solomon Holcomb.
Privates — Willis G. Addington, William M. Arnold, Charles L. Barnum,
John Bowen, William G. Buck, William Burk, William D. Carver, Elkanah
D. Chandler, Sylvester Chapman, Robert Clark, David Coovert, Benjamin
Crawford, Charles Dufur, Howard Elmore, James Gillham, Silas Grove,
John H. Helmick, James J. Henderson, Robert Herdman, Hiram H. Hicks,
John Inskeep, William M. McCray, William Miller, George McTore, John L.
Mothers- head, Christopher Orm, Jonathan F. Orm, Oliver 'Orm, Robert
Orm, William Peterson, John W. Pierce, William H. Sellers, August
Smith, William P. Smith, William Stewart, Benjamin Talbert, Daniel S.
Taylor, George B. Thompson, Andrew Wareheim, Robert Wilson, Jesse M.
Wright. James Arnold, Samuel Campbell, Charles Dillon, James Kelly,
Joseph Roynes and Edward Whalin served as privates in Company F, and
Loren Tyler was a musician in Company H.
At the time Company I was mustered in Lloyd D. Simpson was captain and
James M. Reid, first lieutenant. Henry Scheevers, who enlisted as a
sergeant, became second lieutenant on April 22, 1863, Captain Simpson
having resigned and Lieutenant Reid was placed in command of the
company as captain. The sergeants from Lee County were Henry Scheevers,
James R. Williams and William L. Watson, and the corporals were Isaac
N. Hewitt, Hassell Rambo, Benjamin F. Keck and Daniel W. Johnson.
Privates — Patrick Bain, Henry Batterman, Thomas W. Berry, Daniel
Buckley, William Buss, Elkanah Chandler, William Copeaker, Solsbery
Davis, James Doyle, Archibald D. Eads, Daniel T. Feagins, Patrick
Flynn, David Goldsmith, Thor Halverson, George Hutchinson, Henry
Kennedy, George H. Lee, John Luder, John Morgan, James Murphy, Edward
Odinburg, Solomon O'Haver, Asa B. Parker, Richard T. Persinger, Joseph
N. Rees, Joseph Richard, Adam A. Rodgers, Robert Scheevers, Herman V.
Vanderwall, William Ward, John White, William H. White.
In Company K were Corporal James G. Shipley and Privates Archibald
Christian, William A. Gibson, Enoch Hastings, Daniel Urmstead and Alvin
The regiment left Keokuk on March 19, 1862, moved by way of St. Louis
to Pittsburg Landing, Tennessee, and received its baptism of fire in
the Battle of Shiloh, where as part of Prentiss' division it was in the
thickest of the fight, losing 186 men in killed, wounded and missing,
and its flag was riddled with bullets. It was next in the Siege of
Corinth and was engaged at Bolivar, Mississippi. In 1863 it t00 ^ P art
m tne Siege of Vicksburg and the next year was in many of the
engagements of the Atlanta campaign. Those whose time had expired were
mustered out at Chattanooga, Tennessee, October 19, 1864, and the
veterans marched with Sherman to the sea. Then followed the campaign of
the Carolinas and the Grand Review at Washington, after which the
regiment was ordered to Louisville, Kentucky, and there mustered out on
July 24, 1865. Colonel Reid was promoted brigadier-general on March 13,
1863, and on March 13, 1 861;, Major Belknap was brevetted
major-general, both promotions being made "for gallant and meritorious
The organization of this regiment began late in the year 1861 and the
last companies were mustered in on March 12, 1862, at Davenport. Henry
D. Huy was enrolled in Company B, James N. Marsh and Amos Sniff in
Company F, Theodore Fridricia and Patrick M. McLaughlin in Company G,
and there were twenty-eight Lee County men in Company K.
In the last named company Michael Zettler was mustered in as captain
and died of wounds received at Shiloh; George Frenun and Wilhelm
Bucholz were enrolled as sergeants; William Stackman, Christian Ulrich
and Christian Strein, as corporals. On June 2, 1865, Corporal Stackman
was commissioned captain. The following served as privates in Company
K: Henry Brimelsick, Peter Distel, John Eitzer, John Gost, Karl Haager,
David Hanschild, Herman Hayn, George Herold, Jacob Hindscher, Frederick
Kudebeh, Mathias Lentner, Peter Maushund, Nichlaus Pierris, Herman
Schmidt, Anton Schmiltker, Philip Schoene, David Seguin, Her- man
Smith, John Stopperer, John Stopperer, Jr., Fritz Ulrich, John A.
The regiment left Davenport on March 20, 1862, and proceeded via St.
Louis to Pittsburg Landing, where it arrived soon after the Battle of
Shiloh had commenced. It was soon actively engaged and, although the
men were raw recruits, they conducted themselves in a way to draw forth
honorable mention from the commanders. From that time the services of
the regiment were similar to those of the Fifteenth above mentioned. It
was mustered out at Louisville, Kentucky, July 19, 1865.
This regiment was mustered in at Keokuk on April 16, 1862, with John W.
Rankin of that city as colonel; David B. Hillis, of Keokuk,
lieutenant-colonel; Southwick Guthrie, of Fort Madison, adjutant; and
Edwin J. Aldrich, of Montrose, as quartermaster. Guthrie resigned as
adjutant in March, 1862, and was succeeded by Fletcher Woolsey, who was
also from Lee County.
John L. Young was mustered in as captain of Company A; Richard James
was a sergeant in the same company, in which Charles W. Boyles, William
Davidson, Nathaniel Tuttle and Thomas Wilson served as privates.
The greater part of Company B was recruited in Lee County. Edwin J.
Aldrich was mustered in as first lieutenant and promoted to regimental
quartermaster two days later; Henry D. Nuse, second lieutenant, was
promoted to first lieutenant on the same date; Alexander M. Charters
and David Lakin also served as first lieutenant; Daniel W. Tower, John
Watts and Littleton W. Huston, as second lieutenants, the last named
being promoted captain on December n, 1862. The names of Adolphus
Johnson, Francis H. Busby, George D. Sprague and Alonzo Diggs appear on
the muster roll as ser- geants, and Charles G. Wild, Lewis C. Hampton,
Samuel S. Patten, George W. Dundy, Joseph W. Aitkins, John D. Williams
and John M. Burns were corporals.
Privates — Alanson D. Aldrich, Charles F. Blair, Frederick J. Bond,
Elihu G. Burns, Nicholas C. Campbell, Alonzo F. M. Church, Leonard W.
Cook, Ezra Davis, Jedediah D. Doty, William H. Gardiner, William M.
Gibson, David J. M. Haughton, Mark Hevener, James A. Horton, Israel
Huffman, Francis M. Jones, John A. Little, Jefferson M. Link, David
Louderback, Elijah Moore, Edward Murphy, Josiah Ray, Samuel T. Reese,
Esquire C. Showers, Thomas J. Simpson, George L. Talbott, Reuben
Tucker, Samuel Wolcott, Uriah Wooding, William W. Wooding.
Company C, the greater part of which was from Le'e County, was mustered
in with Sampson M. Archer as captain; Henry Newton, first lieutenant;
Samuel Pickard, second lieutenant; Luther F. McNeal, Philip Inden,
Lewis R. Parker and Martin Stapleton, ser- geants; John Shellman,
William H. McCumber, Albert Weaver, Jesse Nokes, John H. Berryhill and
Thomas D. Hardin, corporals. Captain Archer was promoted to the
colonelcy of the regiment a few weeks before the final muster out.
Lieutenant Newton, Sergeant McNeal and Private Thomas Mitchell each
served as captain at some period of the company's service, and Sergeant
Stapleton was promoted to second lieutenant.
Privates — Alexander Bailey, Wansley Baker, Julius Bates (promoted
corporal), Lewis R. Bissell, Hardin Bundy, David W. Burke, Hodney
Coates, William L. Distin, John Douglas, Stephen J. Gesford, David N.
Gorgas, James G. Green, Samuel F. Hayes, John Heites, Noah Hockman,
James A. Horton, Schuyler M. Horton (promoted corporal), George
Huffman, Joseph D. Hummer, John F. Jackson, Andre Leffler, George
Leffler, Frederick Leonhard (promoted corporal), Thomas Lorimer, Thomas
McMahan, Willam H. McPherson (promoted corporal), Christopher G.
Mitchell, Thomas Mitchell (promoted captain), Charles Phillips,
Hezekiah Ramsey, Silas Ramsey, Joseph N. Ruse, David G. Scroggs, John
Sears, George W. Slacks, Frederick Spencer, Daniel Spencer, William H.
T. Sumner, William M. Sweezy, Ethan Thorns, William Vandyke, Richard
Wadden, Cyrenus H. Watson, James White, Philip Woodmansee, Squire
Worrell (promoted corporal), Franz Ziegenbein.
In Company D, Addison A. Stuart was mustered in as first lieutenant and
was afterward promoted to captain; Moses S. Pettengill enlisted as
first sergeant; James Hammond and Lewis D. Haigh as corporals; Alfred
C. Craney and Jacob Botaw as musicians, and the following privates were
credited to Lee County: James J. Atherton, Philip H. Bollinger, Edward
P. Bradley, Henry A. Brown, Edward T. Ing, Gilbert D. Phelps, Sylvester
Trout and William R. Van Hyning.
John H. Tammen was mustered in as second lieutenant of Company H and
was promoted to first lieutenant in April, 1863. William Vansteenwyck
enlisted as a sergeant and John J. Phillips as a musician in the same
Forty-three Lee County men were enrolled in Company I. William Edwards
was mustered in as first lieutenant; Phineas Inskeep, second
lieutenant; John Inskeep, James Code, Silas N. Sawyer, Houston Smith
and Patrick Martin, sergeants; James Gallagher, Thomas F. Enslow,
William C. Porter, John Kern and Playford Gregg, corporals, and Charles
H. Cannon, musician.
Privates — Andrew J. Applegate, Conrad Balbach, Charles K. Baldwin,
Sylvanus Baldwin, Peter Brown, Nicholas Bugh, Henry Crickburn, James
Forsythe, James Gilham, Samuel Glasford, John Grindle, Matthias Harvey,
James F. Lein, John Leslie, John Little, George W. Lyon, John M. Lyon,
Courtland W. Miller, Nimrod Milleson, Nathan J. Morgan, Barnadus B.
Ramsey, William W. Roberts, Benjamin Stephenson, Lewis Stephenson
(promoted second lieutenant), John P. Stephenson, John H. Thompson,
James B. Vail, David Waggoner, Joseph C. Whitaker (promoted captain).
Sylvanus E. Hicks was commissioned captain of Company K the day the
regiment was mustered in; Charles M. Griffith was then made first
lieutenant; Thomas Beechler, Frank Orm and William T. Carpenter were
mustered as sergeants; George Simmons, David Orr, David Brown, John C.
Robinson and Jeptha Ackley, as corporals; and the following were
enrolled as privates: Charles K. Baldwin, William G. Buck, John T.
Cannon, Charles L. Carpenter, George Dougherty, John Fleming, James C.
Halterman, Robert Johnson, George Leffler, Bernard McQuillon,
Bartholomew Noel, John O'Neill, Hiram Sherwood, Charles E. Staub.
Three days after the regiment was mustered in, it left Keokuk for St.
Louis and soon afterward joined the army in front of Corinth,
Mississippi. After the Battle of Iuka it was ordered to Vicksburg and
was actively engaged in the Battle of Champion's Hill. Vicksburg
surrendered on July 4, 1863, when the regiment was ordered to Helena,
Arkansas, and was on duty there until early in the fall, when it was
assigned to Fifteenth Army Corps, commanded by Gen. W. T. Sherman. It
joined the corps at Memphis, Tennessee, marched to Chattanooga, was
engaged in the military operations about that city, particularly the
Battle of Missionary Ridge, and was then engaged for a time in guarding
the Atlantic & Western Railroad. From the spring of 1864 to the
close of the war it was with General Sherman and its history during
that period is materially that of the Fifteenth Iowa Infantry already
described. It was mustered out at Louisville, Kentucky, July 25, 1865.
Lewis M. Sloanaker, of Lee County, was mustered in as assistant surgeon
of this regiment on August 23, 1862, and was afterward promoted
surgeon. Companies A and E were raised in Lee County. The commissioned
officers of Company A at the time of muster in were as follows: John
Bruce, captain; Thomas L. Spratt, first lieutenant; Norvill Powell,
second lieutenant. Captain Bruce was promoted major in December, 1862,
when Lieutenant Spratt became captain, and a short time before the
regiment was mustered out Bruce became colonel. Lieutenant Powell was
transferred to Company E, of which he became captain in August, 1864.
The sergeants of the company when it entered the service were: William
Ballinger (promoted second lieutenant) ; Eugene L. Knight, John L.
Schraeder and Benjamin F. Mclntyre (promoted first lieutenant). Hiram
W. Snyder, Bruce W. Cotten, Timothy
F. Phillips, Edmond A. Dickey, Charles H. Judd, and Oscar G. Burch were
Privates — Howell G. Adell, John T. Adell, David G. Anderson (promoted
corporal), Robert C.Anderson, Byron E. Andrews, James M. Avis, Julien
Ballard, Albert Bane, John Best, Lewis N. Beucler, John M. Boyer, Lewis
M. Boyer, John T. Chambers (promoted corporal), Isaac N. Clark, Samuel
Cole, James M. Coleman, Joseph Cooper, Jacob Frederick, Benjamin F.
Gaines, John M. Gaines, Isaac M. Glassford, William Glassford, Jacob
Haisch, William Harrison, Elmore Heaton, George Hoffman, John Howard,
Harri- son Jones, Isaac Jones, Philip Jones, James H. Huffman, David A.
Lakin, Peter Lambert, Thomas Laughery, Daniel C. Lemming, George W.
Link, William S. McCulley, Patrick McManis, William H. McVeigh, Thomas
J. Marshall, Henry A. Montgomery, Frederick Parks, Thomas F. Parhan,
Frederick A. N. Pearce, Alexander Quary, John W. Reeves, Thomas
Rellihan, Bendie Reumer, Daniel Rider, Henry Rider, Andrew J. Riley,
David A. Robertson, Jacob Root, Charles W. Sackman, Christian Schmidt,
Conrad Shaefer, Andrew Sheets, Eli Sheets, John Simmons, Harmon
Sortwell, William Spain, James Sproat, Samuel M. Stephenson, John P.
Stephen- son, William Stuart, Alexander M. Taylor, Charles W. Towner,
Jasper Trimble, James Utley, William T. Utley, Jesse W. Webb, Joseph
White, David A. Wilkins, David Wise, Charles Wright.
Company E was mustered in with William Adams as captain; William H.
Gill, first lieutenant; Samuel B. Guernsey, second lieu- tenant;
William Walker (promoted first lieutenant), Charles E. Gibbs, George E.
Hardwick, John S. Kirk and Thomas Wilde, sergeants; James E. Henderson,
James M. Layton, Cullen H. Angel, Charles A. Vice, Elisha Ricketts and
James W. McClure, corporals; Marshall Whinnery and Sylvanus L. Scott,
musicians; William Green, wagoner.
Privates — William H. Arnold, John C. Bonnell (promoted first
lieutenant), John Bressler, Samuel Bressler, Stephen M. Bricker,
Nathaniel Brockway, Samuel W. Campbell, Thomas C. Chambers, Oliver G.
B. Cline, John Cochrane (promoted corporal), James R. Crossley, James
Deighton, Asaph C. Dewey, George H. Dewey, Slyvester Dye, Adam Eckhart,
Edwin Everett, Francis E. Farley, Henry J. Ferguson, Joseph A. Ferrell,
Jacob Fitter,William T. Gray, Thomas F. Green, Martin C. Hall, Alem H.
Hampton, Eli W. Hampton, Caleb C. Haskins, Joseph M. Hewitt, Elisha B.
Hitchcock (promoted sergeant), James E. Houghland, William D. Houghland
(promoted corporal), Elias James, William Johnson, William C. Kent,
Benjamin Kinion, William R. Kinion, Jesse B. Knight, Charles E. Liddle,
George A. Liddle, Ebenezer Linn, William H. H. McCabe, John McCannon,
Jefferson R. McKaig, Thomas McOlgan, Edward Mallett, John H. Mallett,
Nelson Mallett, John J. Marsell, George Martin, Thomas J. Matlock,
Gideon Miller, James Montgomery, Edward Mooney, Abraham Morgan, Henry
Morgan, Samuel Munsey, James S. Murray, Charles Nave,
Mather Newby, Charles C. Paulk, John A. Peasley, Howard Pennington,
Decatur Pittman, John J. Potter, Henry Rhodes (promoted corporal),
Matthew L. Roberson, Samuel H. Rogers, Henry Sarr, Francis H. Semple,
William H. Semple, Frank Sherwood, Abner S. Smally, Charles M. Smally,
William J. Smally, Edwin D. Smith, Franklin D. Snell, Jasper N.
Southard, John Starke, Edward Stern, Joseph A. Street, Fielder Taylor,
Albert Thompson, Milton Thompson, William A. Thompson, William Thrush,
Daniel R. Tracy, Patrick Walch, William H. Walker, John Wallace,
William Wilkins, John Yager.
Oscar J. Burch, who enlisted as corporal in Company A, was transferred
to Company G, of which he became first lieutenant, and was mustered out
as sergeant major. In that company the following privates were credited
to Lee County: William T. Alley, William Allen, George Gilmore and
Edward Pennington. John Kelley served in Company I, and Benjamin E. Lee
in Company K.
The Nineteenth was mustered in at Keokuk on August 23, 1862, and ten
days later was ordered to St. Louis. After being engaged at Rolla and
Cassville, it was attached to Herron's Division, Army of the Border,
and was in the Battles of Prairie Grove and Van Buren, Arkansas. It was
then ordered to join General Grant's army and took part in the siege
and capture of Vicksburg. For a time it was then on duty in Texas; was
then sent to Florida, and, after being stationed at Pensacola for a few
weeks, aided in the reduction of Mobile. It was mustered out at Mobile
on July 10, 1865, an( ^ was disbanded at Davenport on the 1st of August.
This regiment was organized under the call of July 2, 1862, and was
mustered in at Mount Pleasant on September 27, 1862, with George A.
Stone as colonel. Part of Company C was raised in Lee County. Josephus
W. Brush was second lieutenant; Francis M. Dougherty and Louis
Wickersham, sergeants; Fred W. Millard, George Benn, Nelson Heading and
Edward V. Cox, corporals; John B. Welpton, musician; and Andrew H.
Privates — Franklin Allen, George W. Anthony, Robert Anthony, Dennis
Baragery, John Bowman, Samuel T. Bundy, Abner Clark, Jr., George W.
Cooper, Le Roy Dorman, George F. Hayward, John W. Heading, Isaac W.
Henkle, John L. Hinson, Isaac Little, William H. Longcor, William
Mattox, William Myer, Harrison S. Poulson, John L. Ritchie, William H.
Short, Hiram Sweet, George W. Taylor, Elihu Weeks, James W. West,
Robert R. Westfall, Daniel Wood, Nathan Wood.
In Company D were Benjamin Babb, John Cranmer, Luther Cranmer and
Napoleon B. Eggleston.
Early in November, 1862, the regiment was ordered to Helena, Arkansas,
where it joined the White River expedition. Then, as part of the Second
Brigade, Hovey's Division, Fifteenth Army Corps, it took part in the
engagements at Chickasaw Bayou and Arkansas Post. It then formed part
of General Steele's forces in the expedition to Greenville,
Mississippi, after which it was on duty in Louisiana until the
beginning of the Vicksburg campaign. After the fall of Vicksburg, it
took part in the Battle of Jackson, then moved to Tennessee and was
engaged in the Battle of Lookout Mountain. In the spring of 1864 it
joined General Sherman's army and was engaged in numerous actions
incident to the Atlanta campaign. Then came the march to the sea, the
Carolina campaign, the Grand Review at Washington, and was there
mustered out on June 6, 1865.
On September 23, 1862, the Thirtieth Infantry was mustered in at
Keokuk, with William M. G. Torrence, of Lee County, as
lieutenant-colonel. Col. Charles H. Abbott was killed at Vicksburg on
May 22, 1863, and Lieutenant-Colonel Torrence was promoted to the
colonelcy. John W. Bond was regimental surgeon and James H. Clendening
served as adjutant and sergeant major. Companies A and I were recruited
in Lee County, and there were a few men from the county in other
companies of the regiment.
Company A was mustered in with Rufus Goodnough, captain; William M.
Stimpson, first lieutenant; Henry Montgomery, second lieutenant;
Henderson C. Hall, Ezra G. Clark, Lewis I. Adams and Thomas Powell,
sergeants; Thomas Berry, Charles F. Riffley, Albert Gillespie, Charles
W. Armor, Samuel L. Boyd, John G. Wood and Wilson Horn, corporals;
Samuel H. Moore and Joseph Bowdwyn, musicians; Alexander Nichols,
Privates — Thomas Adams, James Aden, William C. Andrews, Edwin Astle,
Albert G. Baker, Isaac H. Ball, Jasper N. Ballou, Asa Bishop, Solomon
Bishop, William S. Brown, Hiram M. Carter, John Church, James Collins,
Hiram Collins, Thomas Conn, Ephraim Cooper, Thomas Cooper, Wilson
Cooper, Charles Crague, James P. Dodson, James R. Donahue, Samuel
Ezell, Harvey Ferrell, Icha- bod B. GifTord, John Gilbridge, James
Griffin, William W. Grimes, George D. Harmon, Lewis A. Hawk, Andrew
Henagle, Lewis Hewitt, Archibald Hook, Benjamin Horton, Abraham Hoss,
James Junkins, James Kelldew, Israel C. Kirkpatrick, Philip Knauf,
Harry Lang (promoted corporal), Charles Lipper, Jimerson Long, Peter
Luxen, Patrick McDonnell (promoted corporal), Sylvester May- hew,
Harrison Miller, Wilkerson Mulligan, Malachi Murphy, William Murphy,
John B. Myers, John Nelson, Reason Penrod, John Ray, Oliver H. P. Reed,
Rufus C. Reid, Jacob Rempe, William M. Robinson, Thomas Ryan, Timothy
M. Scranton, William Sheldon, Wendell Shelley, Nephi Shumate, John
Slinglund, Charles Smith, James Snedaker, Daniel L. Sodergreen, John J.
Spain, Um- bleton Spain, Edgar D. Stoddard, John A. Taylor, David
Trotter, Richard Vanosdol, John O. Weese, William West, Henry Wild,
Thomas Winn, Jacob Wisler, George Wolcott, Thomas Wright.
Charles J. Maginnis was mustered in as captain of Company D, but
resigned on February 3, 1863, and was succeeded by William Dixon, who
enlisted as a sergeant. Daniel J. Hossleton served as sergeant in this
company; Cyrus W. Hamilton, as corporal; Edward Denmire, wagoner, and
the following privates were from Lee County : Charles Barry, George
Bower, James Cane, John Carnahan, William H. Chandler, Clark Colvin,
James H. Dimond, Nelson Knutzen, Andrew McMarlin, John D. Nash, Simeon
Stockwell, Edward Shields, Alfred Shepard.
James P. Newell was mustered in as first lieutenant and Robert E. Drake
as a private in Company F, being the only two men in the company
credited to Lee County.
The commissioned officers of Company I were: Uley Burk, captain;
William L. Alexander, first lieutenant; Edwin M. Dean, second
lieutenant — all from West Point. Captain Burk resigned in September,
1863; Lieutenant Alexander became captain; Edwin M. Dean was promoted
to first lieutenant. The sergeants were Prescott E. Ballard, John
McKibben, Jonas A. Eaton, Charles Wolf and Levi Steele. James Harvey,
Jesse McCarmon, Jacob Ash, James Stevens, John W. Jolly, George C.
Shedd and Samuel Barnes were enrolled as corporals; Reuben Sperry,
Francis M. Crawford and Watson Trowbridge, as musicians, and Fenton
Becraft, as wagoner.
Privates — James H. Allison, Edwin M. Andrews, George Ault, Joseph
Bonser, Andrew J. Bramer, William Buchanan, George Byram, George
Cooper, William A. Cross, Michael Cunningham, Henry Diedrich (promoted
corporal), Timothy Dewire, James M. Edwards, Joseph Farley, Thomas
Foreman, Jacob Fye, Andrew M. Gay,Samuel Gay, Benjamin Green, William
C. Gregg, Lemuel Harress, Philip Helmick, Henry Herbert, David Hoffman,
James Hoffman, Levi Hosier, Henry A. Hoss, John Johnson, Daniel Jones
(promoted corporal), Sylvester Jones, Lewis B. Keeler (promoted first
lieu- tenant), John Klinefelter, Joseph Lawrence, George McCaffey,
William McCannon, William S. McCord, Lewis J. McCoy, Alvin McNeil,
Samuel M. Marsh, Thomas Morgan, John Morrison, James Mullen, Samuel
Murphy, William D. Murray, William Peckham, George W. Pomeroy, Charles
T. Porterfield, Lozier Pruden, Joseph Rickshear, Deighton Roberts,
James Ruark, Andrew J. Sellers, George Sellers, Abram Sharp, Frank
Sharp, Jacob Shears, Heinrich Sholtz, George W. Snook, Frank Snyder,
Samuel W. Southard, Hamlin Starkey, Frank Starr, Daniel Storms, George
Storms, David M. Thompson, Martin V. Warson, Ira E. Whitcomb, Alfred
Wilder, Thomas J. Wright.
The regiment left Keokuk on October 25, 1862, for St. Louis. After its
arrival in that city it was ordered to Helena, Arkansas, and its
history throughout the entire period of its service is almost identical
with that of the Twenty-fifth Regiment, previously given. It was
mustered out at Washington, D. C, June 5, 1865.
The Thirty-seventh was called the "Graybeard Regiment," having been
composed of men over the age limit for military duty, many of whom had
grandsons in the army. It was mustered in at Muscatine on December 15,
1862, with George W. Kincaid as colonel. Company C was organized
in Lee County and was mustered in with Joel A. Hall, first lieutenant
and Reid L. Barnum, second lieutenant. On January 3, 1863, Lieutenant
Hall was promoted to the captaincy and commanded the company during the
remainder of its service. Hiram M. Roberts, George Krampeter, John
Alexander and Benjamin Walden were the sergeants; David Seamands, Lewis
G. Kennedy, Daniel B. Johnson, David Garrett, Thomas C. Ware, Edward
Sleigh and Jonathan Oliver, corporals; John Sivel and Matthew Stein,
musicians, and Daniel D. Bishop, wagoner.
Privates — James T. Blair, John Briley, Gorrin H. Carr, Jackson
Chapman, Lemuel Cooper, Warrick M. Cosgrove, Michael Costello, Michael
Curtayne, Williamson Dawson, Samuel Farrell, Jared N. Goddard, William
T. Gully, John Hargin, John Harmon, William Harris, George Householder,
William Howard, Silas Hub- bard, Andrew J. Hughes, David Jennings,
Reuben Knowles, Charles Koons, William Lewis, John W. Lyon, William L.
McCready, Alexander McGreer, Horace V. Mann, John H. Mackie, William
Newsome, John Nottage, Noah Paulk, John Peterson, John O. Petrie,
William Porter, Jacob Richards, William Sanders, John W. ScherfT,
Thomas H. Scott, Thomas J. Scott, William Shepherd, John Sherman, John
Sherrick (promoted corporal), Davis Smith, John Starke, John
Stephenson, William H. Sutherland, Joseph W. Taylor, John Watts, Nelson
White, Absalom Wingett, Daniel B. Woodmansee, David Wright.
Kinsman D. Cranmer was enrolled as sergeant and John Deeds as a private
in Company G; Henry Fahey, Samuel Farrell and John Hargin as privates
in Company H; Thomas Moore was corporal in Company I, in which the
following were enrolled as privates: John Appel, James H. Alexander,
Adam Byram and David Rumbaugh.
Owing to the age of the members, the regiment was employed chiefly in
guard duty at the St.' Louis Arsenal and by detachments elsewhere.
During its entire term of service it lost but three men killed in
action and four wounded. It was mustered out at Davenport, Iowa, May
When the campaigns opened in the spring of 1864, a call was issued for
several regiments in different states to serve for 100 days. One of
these was the Forty-fifth Iowa Infantry, which was mustered in at
Keokuk on May 25, 1864, and was composed chiefly of young men, many of
them being under twenty-one years of age. Lee County was represented in
five companies of the regiment.
Company C was mustered in with Campbell K. Peck, captain; David B.
Hamill, first lieutenant; John L. Day, second lieutenant; Edmund H.
Jones, William H. Barrell, John N. Irwin, James Vincent and Willis C.
Cooke, sergeants; George M. Hoffla^ George P. Durkee, Andrew LeFevre,
Ephraim M. Ingersoll, Antoine Lefaivre, William Collier, Calvitte C.
Thompson and John C. Jeffries, cor- porals; John C. Fry and George W.
Peters, musicians, and Samuel B. Gafford, wagoner.
Privates — James R. Anderson, Constantine S. Bassett, Napoleon B. Bong,
David Bozarth, John Brady, William Brady, Rezin Bridges, Eugene E.
Bronson, Arthur G. Buck, Asaph Buck, Joseph Buryan, Edward S. Carter,
Frederick Caisser, James T. Cooney, George H. Corwine, Simeon C. Crane,
Edward G. Creel, John S. Devon, Edward A. Diggs, James B. Diver, George
H. Fairchild, Patrick H. Finerty, William Fletcher, Charles F. Foster,
James I. Fry, John P. Gleason, James Griffin, John W. Griffith, John H.
Hamel, George N. Hart, Lewis Headley, Lewis Hedden, Charles S. Higham,
William Hoeter, Samuel L. Howell, Jerry Jacob, George C. Johnston,
Alphonzo Jones, Jacob Jones, Michael Kelcher, August Kellmer, George
Knaggs, Charles H. Lane, Samuel N. Lane, Peter Lemaster, Charles H.
Lee, George B. Leonard, Swan Lind, Elijah Luke, Isaac F. Lyman, Oscar
Messick, William Millis. Lycurgus Rickey, Frederick Rudd, Charles
Sellers, David I. Smith, James Smith, Norman L. Smith, Myron H.
Stockwell, Daniel T. Summers, Henry A. Taylor, John Tomlinson, Simon
Vogel, Paul Wallet, Lewis Weyand, Samuel White, Leopold W. Zindel.
In Company E. Albert C. Smith was mustered in as first lieutenant; Asa
Culver, second lieutenant; James Kennedy, Jacob G. Heaton, John F.
Liddle and Edmund A. Dickey, sergeants; Louis G. Kiel, William
Thornburg, Jeptha S. Miller, Jonathan Coffindaffer, Peter M. Miller,
William N. Devol and Martin S. Dickey, corporals; Edwin Bonnell and
Rinehart Lober, musicians.
Privates — William D. Alexander, Ira W. Anderson, Isaac R. Atlee,
Charles Barnum, John T. Barr, Welcome Beach, Thomas A. Bell, Addison
Caldwell, Albert B. Case, Jackson Chapman, James F. Clark, George W.
Coleman, Samuel P. Cowles, George Dawson, Francis Denny, Hiram A.
Dufur, George S. Dyer, William En- dersby, William Fagan, Jacob F.
Garver, Luther Gill, Amos D. Gray, Azariah Gregg, Leonidas C. Grubb,
Alexander B. Hampton, James Horton, John Holmes, Townsend B. Huff,
Rolandus Hyde, William H. Jones, David H. Mason, Thomas H. Mason, John
W. Miner, James Moody, Samuel D. Morrison, Clarkson Newby, Charles
Overman, Jonathan Phelps, Francis O. Shamb, Hiram Sherwood, William
Tomson, George W. Tremaine, Watson B. Turner, Elwood Votaw, Henry
Weise, James S. Welpton, Jacob Whitinger, Eli S. Wilcoxon.
Fourteen Lee County men were enrolled in Company F. George T. Collins
was a sergeant; Hibbard H. Shedd, Pierson H. Bristow, Orson V.
Montgomery, corporals; George F. Case, Horatio Case, William G. Field,
Robert C. Henry, Amos FI. Hill, Amos W. How- ard, William H. Howard,
Samuel G. Kelley, Theodore J. Loomis and Jacob Wissler, privates.
Henry A. Field and Thornton S. King were enrolled as privates in
Company G; William W. Dollings was a sergeant in Company H, in which
Moses Hammond, George Miller and Leroy Miller served as privates. The
regiment was first ordered to St. Louis and from there to Memphis,
Tennessee. It was employed chiefly in guarding the line of the Memphis
& Charleston Railroad, being engaged in a few slight skirmishes
with the enemy and losing two men killed and one wounded. It was
mustered out at Keokuk on September 16, 1864.
Twenty-four Lee County men were enrolled in Company D, Forty-eighth
Infantry, which was also a 100 days' regiment. Aaron Colliver was first
lieutenant of the company; Henry H. Freed, Charles Phillips and James
R. Fitch, sergeants; John C. Chapin, John W. Fletcher and Henry Black,
corporals; Nathan D. Daniels, musician, and the following served as
privates: Francis M. Arnold, Ezra Bailey, Andrew J. Brown, David A.
Brown, Thomas A. Brown, Jotham P. Clark, Henry Coleman, Eli Denney,
William W. Dudley, Thomas J. Guyon, Isaac D. Hale, Thomas E. Jefferson,
John E. Johnson, William Kimble, Isaac Lambert and Aaron F. Thompson.
The regiment's service was similar to that performed by the
Forty-fifth. It was mustered out at Rock Island, Illinois, October 21,
The First Cavalry was organized under the call of May 3, 1861, and was
mustered in at Burlington and Davenport during the months of July and
August, with Fitz Henry Warren as colonel and Charles E. Moss, of
Company A was recruited in Lee County and at the time of muster in was
officered as follows: William M. G. Torrence, captain; Alexander G.
McQueen, first lieutenant; Robert M. Reynolds, second lieutenant.
Captain Torrence was promoted to major on October 26, 1861, Lieutenant
McQueen became captain and afterward rose to be lieutenant-colonel, and
Lieutenant Reynolds was promoted to first lieutenant. David A. Kerr,
who enlisted as first sergeant of Company A, was made adjutant of the
regiment in October, 1862, and John M. Coggeshall, of Montrose, was
commissioned chaplain in June, 1863.
The sergeants of Company A were: John A. Bishop, David A. Kerr, Andrew
S. Hamilton, Alexander P. Boyse, Hugh Martin, John C. Van Hook and
Walter S. Gray. John A. Bishop, who was mustered in as quartermaster
sergeant, and Andrew S. Hamilton were both promoted to second
lieutenant, and Sergeant Boyse to first lieutenant.
James P. Turner (promoted second lieutenant), Brainard Bridges, Joseph
C. McCandless, James Robertson, Joseph S. Vansant, William Goodin,
Clayborn F. Driskill and John Wright served as corporals; Henry Wisner,
bugler; William K. Reeves, farrier; George Rearler, saddler; and Isaac
Privates — Harvey Adair, William C. Andrews, Benjamin Blair, William
Blair, Bartlett Brown, William O. Burns, William Carter, John P.
Cochrane, George W. Collins, David Conley, Oliver L. Conn, Milton Copp,
John W. Cross, Francis M. Davis, Thomas C. Fletcher, Lewis H. Foster,
Hiram Gabriel, Ambrose Gallagher, Owen P. Gore, George W. Green, John
Henkle, Frank Herwick, John Herwick, James Hill, Henry Hoagland, Edward
Hollingsworth, William Horton, Herman J. Huiskamp, Thomas S. James,
James E. Johnston, Alexander Kennedy, William Linn, James McCutcheon,
George McKee, Charles McKibben, James F. McKinley, George R. Miller,
Charles E. Moss, Andrew Neel, Peter Nelson, Andrew O'Bleness, Laban
O'Bleness, Thomas J. O'Bleness (promoted captain), Eli R. Oiler, Thomas
N. Pond, Samuel Pone, William Pone, Josiah Ray, Elmore Reed, Daniel
Reibold, Prosper A. Rose, John L. Russell (promoted first lieutenant),
Anglos F. Sala, Orlando P. Sala, William Scheyli, James Scott, Jacob M.
Shook, Lewis E. Short, Moses Short, John Skinner, James Smith, John
Smith, Zachariah E. Thomas, William F. Thorndike, Pleasant
A. Timberlake, Davis C. Turner, Addison Walker, George Welchyner,
Andrew J. Wilson, Harrison F. Wilson, Walker Wilson, Lewis B. Wisbey,
Andrew J. Wisbey, Andrew J. Wright, John Wright, William Wyatt.
Lee County was represented in Company C by Albert F. Dean, second
lieutenant; Elijah W. Majors and Otis S. Whiting, ser- geants; Clinton
M. Turner, Paul Hendricks, Michael Seyb, corporals; George Hook,
bugler, and the following:
Privates — Malcolm S. Andrews, Alexander C. Brice, Joseph Brees, Hiram
Brown, Jerome Carpenter, Charles Chickering Doddridge W. Cook, Jesse
Cooper, Curtis M. Copp, Thaddeus J. Dean, George Delfeller, William
Harper, George C. Hawkins William H. Hendricks, John L. Hill, Henry
Jefferson, Alfred J Lyther, Michael McCreary, Charles U. Martin, Horace
Payne Joseph C. Ritchey, William S. Steele, Granville L. Stockman,
Allen Stoddard, Abraham H. Stutesman, Rufus Underwood, Alfred Walker,
George E. Wilmarsh, Thomas Zingre.
Thomas McClean served as private in Company D; Joseph H. Arnold,
Benjamin F. Best, John J. Buffington, William L. Gantz, Andrew L. Jay,
Lindley F. Joy, Berryman Roberts and Thomas S. Shampnoi, in Company E.
Thomas H. Hart and Stephen M. Sexton were corporals in Company F, in
which the following Lee County men served as privates: George Hart, Ray
S. Hart, John C. Hunter, Marx Klein, Bernard C. Reiley and Thomas J.
Reed. In Company H were Ezra Harrington, Adam R. Hartzell, Henry E.
Johnson, Zachariah P. Murry, Frederick H. Purrington and Andrew J.
Russell G. Curtiss was enrolled as a private in Company I; Edward
Barron and Joseph Benedict, in Company K; Charles L. Barnum, George
Hoskinson, Daniel H. Hughes, David Jack, James E. McCalligan, Joseph
Moody, Joshua Seward, Joseph Stenger, David B. Sterrett and John D.
Tedro, in Company L.
On the last day of September, 1861, six companies of the regiment were
ordered to St. Louis and later in the fall were engaged at Milford and
Silver Creek. All through the summer of 1862 the regiment was in
Missouri, though hardly ever together, the companies being on detached
duty. It was then ordered to Arkansas, where it took part in the
battles of Cane Hill and Prairie Grove. In the spring of 1863 ^ was P
art °f tne f° rce opposed to the Confederate under General Marmaduke.
About the close of the year it was veteranized and the men received
their furlough. Returning to Arkansas, the regiment was reorganized and
continued in active service in that state until February, 1865, wne n
it was ordered to Memphis, Tennessee. It was next with General Custer
in Louisiana and Texas until mustered out at Austin, Texas, February
The greater portion of the first battalion of this regiment was raised
in Lee County. When the regiment was mustered in on September 14, 1 86
1, at Keokuk, Carleton H. Perry was major of the battalion; Dudley E.
Jones, battalion quartermaster; David L. McGugin, regimental surgeon;
Christopher C. Biser, assistant surgeon; and Pearl P. Ingalls,
chaplain. John W. Noble, who entered the service as first lieutenant of
Company C, was promoted to the colonelcy of the regiment on May 23,
1864. Other Lee County men who served as line and staff officers of the
regiment were: John R. Woods, commissary sergeant; Euclid E. Fuller,
hospital steward; Alfred R. Hitchkiss, commissary sergeant; George A.
Jackson, quartermaster sergeant; Israel M. Wickersham, chief bugler;
Howard Perry and Thomas H. Brown, battalion commissary sergeants.
Company A contained four men from Lee County, viz. : Samuel Barr, who
was promoted to first lieutenant; William Carney, Andrew Goucher and
Emery S. Goucher, privates.
The muster roll of Company B shows John Q. A. DeHuff, first lieutenant;
Aaron H. Gage, Samuel Barr, Andrew J. McRacken, John P. Talbott and
George N. Anderson, sergeants; John A. Jefferson, Clinton C. McChord,
James S. Alexander, Jesse W. Bayles, John H. Perry, William F. Jones,
James Pain and Edwin M. Burr, corporals; Abram Edwards, farrier; August
Remerman, saddler; Gardiner A. A. Deane, bugler; and Artemus Clumis,
wagoner. Sergeant Gage was promoted to the captaincy of the company in
July. 1865, and Clinton C. McChord was promoted to second lieutenant at
the same time. Samuel Barr was transferred to Company A and promoted to
Privates — Amos Addington, Milton Anders, William H. Anderson, James
Barr, Horatio L. Birdsall, Samuel N. Bishop, William H. H. Black,
William Breitenstein, Alexander Brownlee, Alfred Burge, David Carroll,
William H. Chidester, Gottlieb Christian, Alexander Coleman, Asa E.
Coleman, William Cowles, James Cox, Hiram C. Diggs, David Finley,
Samuel S. Finley, Samuel Frow, George Galloup, James K. Galloup, Jerry
Galloup, William W. Gordon, Benjamin F. Grant, Salathiel Hannan, Edward
V. Holland, Austin Hollowell, Jasper Hollowell, John H. Horn, James
House, Henry Keime, William Kerns, Peter Kerr, Isaac H. Kinley, Lemon
Mc. Logan, Thomas B. Logan, George W. Longley, John W. Love, John W.
Lyon, Asbury B. McChord, James D. McCully, Robert T. McDonald, Orlow H.
McPherson, William McQueen, James S. Matthews, John C. Matthews,
Marshall P. Matthews, John W. Mendenhall, John Merritt, Jasper O'Neil,
Allen Overman, Thomas Parker, George Parsons, Jonathan Parsons, Samuel
Parsons, Gaston Pease, John W. Pullman, Ralph Rigby, George Richardson,
Bernard Ringland, Thomas N. Rye, Albert G. Saxe, Bennett S. Shaug, Benjamin A. Smith, Thomas Stillwell, Kinsey T. Talbott,
Elwood Townsend, Henry D. Townsend, James Vancyoc, Henry L. Weeks,
William West, Hiram C. Wilcoxson, Robert Wilson, Calvin S. Woodworth.
Company C was mustered in with Israel Anderson, captain; Erie J. Leech,
first lieutenant; William Wilson, second lieutenant; Henry A. Winther,
quartermaster sergeant; Thomas Cowley, Jr., commissary sergeant; David
A. Day, Ralph H. Millard, Ambrose L. Jenks, Josiah A. Jackson and
Thomas W. Brice, sergeants; James Linch, Glenn Lowe, Obadiah M. Crane,
Hubbard Stone, Robert Lemaster, John Leddon, William Gilcrist and James
W. Cox, corporals; Louis Anslyn, bugler; Fleming C. Wilson, farrier;
John M. Read, saddler; Henry Deppen, wagoner. Corporal Lowe was
promoted to captain and Corporal Linch to first lieutenant.
Privates — Thomas Ackley, Thomas P. Ackley, Charles Anderson, Perry
Armitage, John S. Beebe, Louis Berryhill, Andrew A. Brown, Israel
Brown, Isaac Bunch, George W. Burgman, Robert Cassidy, Ephraim Cobb,
Lewis Conn, Charles Conway, Lisbon A. Cox, William Curtis, Henry
Delaplaine, Lawrence Dugan, William E. Durfee, William H. Duvall, Jehu
Elliott, Ephraim Fauquier, John Field, Robert Forbes, Charles H.
Forman, William H. Forman, Dixon Gibson, John F. Gibson, William D.
Gibson, Thomas H. Goodwin, William Guthrie, Andrew J. Hardin, John W.
Hardwick, Oscar D. Harvey, John A. Hendrickson, Milton Herron,
Alexander Hinote, Henry P. Hockman, Franklin Horn, Joseph Hyde, James
G. Jeffries, James Johnson, Perry Johnson, Charles Jones, James Jones,
William Keteon, William King, William G. Kramer, Israel E. Leake,
William Lowry, Elias Luke, Morgan Lynch, Samuel McEveny, Edward Y.
McLarning, William McLaughlin, William O. Mackie, John Malia, William
Martin, William Matheney, John H. Miller, William Miller, William J.
Moneymaker, Clark Murch, Henry Ostrander, Samuel F. Ostrander, Calvin
Peterson, Albert Phillips, Lindsey P. Price, John R. Quicksell, Herman
Rankin, Johnson Rankin, Joseph Rhodes, Daniel Riggs, Alfred Roberts
(promoted first lieutenant), Silas M. Rockwell, Thomas B. Russell,
Joseph Samuel, John S. Critchfield, Leroy Seaton, William Seeberlich,
Williamson Sells, Perry Shay, Samuel Shultz, Thomas Simpson, George C.
Smith, Henry H. Smith, James Smith, John Smith, William Smith, Isaac
Snyder, Henry Sprague, Josiah Spaulding, Isaac Stamper, Oliver C.
Stevens, Peter I. Stevens, John Stone, Francisco Stump, Charles
Tackaberry, Washington Talbott, Charles W. Taylor (promoted second
lieutenant), Morris Tisdale, Barzillai Townsend, Jacob Tryon, Thomas L.
Vann, James A. Virts, Francis H. Waste, Charles Watson, Edward
Welchman, Samuel Wheeler, Harwood Whitney, Albert Williams, Matthew D.
Williams, William M. Williams, John R. Woods, Wesley J. Worley,
Jefferson Worster, Daniel B. Wyatt, Anderson Zugg.
John Campbell was a corporal and Adam Dunn and Justin B. Harlan were
privates in Company D; Harvey N. Upton and Nelson Vansteensburg were
enrolled in Company E ; Matthew Roderson was a private in Company F;
and Abraham Berger, William H. Coleman and William H. Matkin privates
in Company G.
Twenty-three Lee County men enlisted in Company H. Thomas R. Herndon
held the rank of sergeant; Martin V. B. Sigler, Michael W. Mitchell,
John W. Smith and Thomas N. Gosnell were corporals, and the following
served as privates : Andrew Balbach, John Balbach, John H. Beucler,
Peter F. Beucler, Emerson Butterfield, William Clark, Cyrus G. Hawkins,
James S. Hewitt, James A. Light, Joseph Myers, Howard Perry, Jackson
Sigler, Jeremiah Sigler, George Smith, William H. Spitler, Nathan
Tuttle, John W. Vandevanter and Selby Vandevanter.
In Company I were Joseph C. Fletcher, Jacob Graft and John Smith.
Dudley E. Jones served as first lieutenant of Company L, in which
Clinton D. Cooper, Alonzo Britton and Edward White were enrolled as
privates, and in Company M Benjamin M. Belville, William H. Bryant,
Robert Hendricks, James H. Johnson and Shadrach Rinkle were credited to
The first service of the Third Cavalry was in protecting the southern
border of Iowa against invasion. On November 4, 1861, it was ordered to
St. Louis, where it was divided into detachments and for the next few
weeks the men "lived in the saddle." Parts of the regiment were engaged
at Moore's Mill, Florida, Kirksville and other skirmishes, after which
the Third was assigned to the duty of guarding the frontier from the
Iron Mountains of Missouri to the Boston Mountains in Arkansas. It took
part in the Battle of Pea Ridge, fought at West Plains, and in
December, 1862, was assigned to the cavalry division of the Army of the
Tennessee, commanded by Gen. C. C. Washburne. For a time it was on duty
at Helena, Arkansas, but early in June, 1863, it was ordered to join
General Grant in the siege of Vicksburg. It formed part of Sherman's
advance in the march to Jackson and after the battle at that place was
engaged in destroying the Mississippi Central Railroad. It was then
ordered back to Arkansas, where many of the men reenlisted and received
their veteran furlough. After a visit to home and friends in Iowa, the
regiment was ordered to join the expedition to Guntown, Mississippi,
and was then in pursuit of General Price through Missouri. When Price
was driven out of the state, the Third joined Gen. J. H. Wilson's
cavalry in Tennessee and was on active duty in that state and Georgia
until mustered out at Atlanta on August 9, 1865.
The Fourth Cavalry was mustered into the United States service at Mount
Pleasant, Iowa, January 1, 1862, with Asbury B. Porter as colonel. John
B. Leclerc served as a private in Company C; Samuel Peterson and Jabez
Sibley in Company F, and more than half of Company G came from Lee
Company G was mustered in with Thomas C. Tullis as captain and James J.
Brown as first lieutenant, though the first non-commissioned officers
were from other counties. The following privates were credited to Lee
County: Thompson Armor, Francis H. Ayres, Lycurgus E. Ayres, George M.
Barnes, William C. Barnes, James F. Berry, Louis Burke, Arestes M.
Cale, William Cale, George W. Clark, Henry Cowles, James E. Cowles,
George B. Crossley, Lawrence Crossley, Alonzo Cunningham, Francis M.
Davis (promoted captain), Delarma Douglas, Philip Ehart, Wykoff W.
Endersby, William H. Entler, Solomon Ezell, Charles H. Fagers, Thomas
C. Fletcher (promoted bugler), James Frazier, John Frazier, Charles
A. Gillham, Robert P. Gilmer (promoted second lieutenant), Franklin
Groesbeck, William Hardy (promoted corporal), Aaron Hoss, John
Ingersoll (promoted sergeant), W. Wilson Ingersoll, William J. Ives,
Cornelius W. Jackson, Theodore S. Jackson, Theodore H. Jennings,
William P. Jennings, Daniel Johnson, Lewis Johnson, Thompson Jones
(promoted corporal), David Laird, Almon M. Levee, George L. Levee
(promoted quartermaster sergeant), Charles B. McCarthy, Horace
McDannell, James S. Mason, Samuel J. Mason, William C. Mason (promoted
corporal), William Murray, Zephaniah Murray, William Osborn, William
Pitman, Alexander Riddle, Alexander Rodgers (promoted captain), George
1 Scovil, Amiel Shotta, Edwin Sigmon, Robert Skiles, Nicholas Snider,
Edward Stubbs, James Thornton, Polk E. Tibbetts (promoted sergeant),
Hugh Valiant (promoted sergeant), Sensel Watts, George W. Welch, Henry
On March 10, 1862, the regiment was ordered to Rolla, Missouri, thence
to Springfield and from there to Helena, Arkansas. During the early
service of the regiment the companies were chiefly on detached duty,
scouting and occasionally skirmishing with the enemy. Company F
captured a steamboat loaded with sugar and molasses and a train of
about one hundred wagons loaded with provisions. On November 25, 1862,
the Fourth joined Gen. A. P. Hovey's expedition toward Grenada,
Mississippi and destroyed several miles of railroad. On the last day of
April, 1863, it joined General Grant's forces at Milliken's Bend and
started on the campaign against Vicksburg. It was in the engagements at
Haynes' Bluff and Mechanicsburg, and after the fall of Vicksburg took
part in the battle of Jackson. Toward the close of 1863 many of the men
reenlisted and received a veteran furlough. After that it was with
General Grierson on the raid through Mississippi and was engaged in
numerous battles and skirmishes in that state and Alabama. The regiment
was mustered out at Atlanta, Georgia, August 10, 1865.
Although this regiment was designated as the Fifth Iowa Cavalry, it
contained one company from Omaha, Nebraska, two companies from
Minnesota and one from Illinois. It was mustered in at St. Louis from
September, 1861, to February 11, 1862, and when fully organized was
placed under the command of William W. Lowe as colonel. Joseph Bendler,
Henry O. Dudley, Charles H. Kummer and C. August Ulrich, of Lee County,
were members of the regimental band; George Friedenrich served as
battalion commissary sergeant; Frederick Dietrich was regimental
Company F, composed chiefly of Germans, was raised in Lee and the
adjoining counties. It was mustered in with John A. Smith as second
lieutenant; Charles Haenel, quartermaster sergeant; Gustave Krusch,
George H. Meier and Charles F. Limle, sergeants; Caspar Buschmeier and
Charles Rothe, corporals, and John Seidel, bugler.
Privates — George Anthes, Roman Boechle, Fritz Brechf, Jacob Deutsch,
John B. Dingman, Ferdinand Fahr, Henry Fosterling, Fritz Geldmacher,
Bernard H. Hinken, August Johns, Stephen Kliewe, Philip Lang, Henry
Luecke, Leo Marder, John Martin, Henry Moellers, Henry Nolte, Frank
Rohde, Bernard Rottman, Joseph Saar, Robert Santo, August Scherfe, C.
F. August Schelland, Philip Schneider, Henry Schowalter, John
Schomacher, F. August Schubert, John L. Shier, Robert Scholtz, Louis
Silverheisen, Bernard Slange, August Soechtig, Christian Stauffer, John
Tieken, Sebastian Viox, Frank Wagner, William H. Wagner, Benjamin Ward,
Charles Werner, Franz Werth, William Westphal, Henry Wichard, Frank
The regiment first saw service in Missouri, after which it was in
Kentucky and Tennessee as part of the cavalry of Gen. L. H. Rousseau.
In the summer of 1864 it joined General Stoneman for the raid to Macon,
Georgia, and destroyed many miles of the Atlanta & Macon Railroad.
It covered the retreat of the army from Lovejoy's Station and when
General Hood started northward the Fifth returned to Nashville with
Gen. George H. Thomas. As part of the cavalry division of General
Thomas' army, it took part in the battle of Nashville, December 15,
1864, and in the pursuit of Hood's shattered command. It was mustered
out at Nashville on August 11, 1865. The original Fifth Cavalry was
consolidated with the Fifth Iowa Infantry on August 8, 1864, after
which the regiment was known as the Fifth Veteran Cavalry.
Fourteen Lee County men were enrolled in this regiment, which was
mustered in at Davenport, Iowa, September 30, 1863, under Colonel
Joseph B. Dorr. Eleazer B. Doane entered the service as first
lieutenant of Company E and was promoted captain on April 5, 1864. In
the same company Andrew J. Baker was mustered in as. sergeant; Charles
W. Smith, Lewis Richards, Charles L. Dorson and Jonathan F. Doane, as
corporals, and the following were enrolled as privates: James D.
Childs, Isaiah J. Clark, John Clark, John H. Davis, Samuel C. Laughery
and Charles Rye. The other two Lee County men were Henry Edmondson and
Herman Heiser, who were privates in Company M.
On October 7, 1863, the regiment was ordered to Louisville, Kentucky,
and from there proceeded to Nashville, where it was assigned to the
duty of guarding the line of the Nashville & Northwestern Railroad.
Next, as part of McCook's Cavalry Division, it was engaged in scouting
and skirmishing in the vicinity of Chattanooga. In the spring of 1864
it joined the army commanded by General Sherman for the campaign
against Atlanta, and after that city capitulated it remained on duty in
Georgia until mustered out at Macon on August 13, 1865.
This was the last of the volunteer regiments raised by the State of
Iowa for service in the Civil war. It was mustered in at Davenport,
Iowa, November 30, 1863, and was commanded by Col. Matthew M. Trumbull.
William A. Sullivan, of Lee County, was sergeant major of the regiment,
and the county was represented in Companies G, H, I and M.
In Company G Samuel C. Koons was mustered in as corporal; Hiram Maine,
bugler-; Richard Sharp, farrier; Ransom Ripple, wagoner, and the
following were enrolled as privates: Samuel Bowman, John W. Goss,
Herschel Hand, Charles Kerr, Andrew Kimbrough, Daniel Maguire, George
W. Morrison and David Patterson.
Marshall Anders was a sergeant and George H. Moore wagoner in Company
H, in which the following privates were credited to Lee County: Isaac
W. Abbott, Joseph C. Davis, Weslev A. Harbeson, James Luther, Joseph
Marsell, Samuel J. Sample and Reuben Sperry.
Robert H. Moloy was the only Lee County man in Company I, but a large
part of Company M was raised in the county. John F. Parker, who was
mustered in as first sergeant, became captain of the company on October
15, 1865; Charles P. Buckner, who started in as sergeant was promoted
to first lieutenant in September, 1864; James B. Moore was enrolled as
sergeant; William F. Crocker, Daniel S. Ochiltree and John Yeager,
corporals; Alden Baker, farrier, and the following served as privates:
Isaac B. Binford, Levi P. Brown, Noah Childers, Andrew J. Cronin,
Andrew J. Davis, David Dust, David H. Ettein, Samuel Falkenburg, Samuel
K. Hand, Robert Harper, Robert Kocks, Martin Legrand, Benedict Lucas,
George McCausland, Wesley H. Marsh, Rhaey H. Parnell, James A. Pollard,
Israel Rude, George T. Sawyers, Albert Schotte, Andrew J. Seavers, John
H. Seavers, Henry C. Smith, Walter A. Soule, James R. Stephens, John
Van Fossen, Adolph Wirsig, John R. Wooster.
The horses used by the Ninth Cavalry were selected by the officers of
the regiment, and each squadron was mounted on horses of the same
color. The first service of the regiment was in fighting the guerrillas
in Missouri, especially the notorious Quantrill band. It was next
ordered to DevalTs Bluff, Arkansas, to guard the post there, and it
operated in Arkansas until in January, 1865, when it formed part of
Geiger's expedition into West Tennessee. It was mustered out at Little
Rock, Arkansas, March 23, 1866. being one of the last regiments to
leave the service.
In the fall of 1862 the "Southern Border Brigade" was organized to
protect the state from invasion from Missouri. A large part of Company
A of this brigade was raised in Lee County and was com- manded by Capt.
William Soule, with Wells Brown as first lieutenant. About the close of
the year the brigade was disbanded and many of the men subsequently
enlisted in other organizations.
Nearly two hundred Lee County men served in the Seventh, Eighth, Tenth,
Fifteenth and Twenty-first Missouri Infantry, and the Seventh Missouri
Cavalry. Probably one-fourth of that number enlisted in Illinois,
Kansas and Wisconsin regiments, and nearly one hundred were in the
In the summer and fall of 1863 was raised a regiment of colored troops,
to which Iowa contributed 106 men. This regiment was known as the
"First Infantry of African Descent." It was officered by white men.
Milton F. Collins, of Lee County, was. commissioned lieutenant-colonel
on October 11, 1863; J onn L. Murphy, major; Theodore W. Pratt,
adjutant; William McQueen, quartermaster, and Freeman Knowles, surgeon.
The Work at Home
While the Boys in Blue were at the front, fighting the battles; of
their country, those who remained at home were not unmindful of the
interests of the soldiers and their families. Scarcely had the first
echoes of the war tocsin died away when the work of relief was
inaugurated in a meeting held at the old Athenaeum in Keokuk on Monday
evening, April 22, 1861. Henry Strong presided and George W. McCrary
acted as secretary. A committee of twenty was appointed to solicit
subscriptions to a fund to provide aid for the families of those who
might enlist, and through the efforts of this committee a considerable
sum of money was assured. This encouraged many to enlist, knowing that
the needs of their wives and children would be provided for while the
head of the family was in the army.
On Saturday evening, April 27, 1861, a similar meeting was held in Fort
Madison. A committee of five was appointed to solicit contributions to
a relief fund, and another committee, consisting of one from each ward,
was selected to wait upon the mayor and city council and urge an
appropriation for the support of families of soldiers actually mustered
into service. Through the work of the former committee a relief fund of
generous proportions was raised, and that the latter was successful is
seen by the following action taken by the mayor and board of aldermen
on May 15, 1861, in the unanimous adoption of these resolutions:
"1. That the sum of $2,000 be and the same is hereby appropriated for
the purpose of furnishing, taking care of and supplying the wants of
volunteers who have lately enlisted from this place, and tendered their
services to the Executive of this State for the purpose of defending
our Government, and that said sum or any part thereof be used and
disbursed by F. Hesser, C. Brewster, H. Catter- mole, H. M. Salmon and
B. Hugel, on the part of the town, and the mayor, Aldermen Kiel and
McHenry, on the part of the board of aldermen, of this city; and it is
understood that the favoring application is to apply to all and every
necessary expense, whether credited or .to be credited, that has been,
or may be, for the welfare of the aforesaid volunteers or their
families until otherwise provided.
"2. That the mayor is hereby authorized and instructed to issue in such
amounts as said committee shall find most convenient, the above $2,000
in corporation cash notes, bearing 10 per cent interest, due in one
year from date, but redeemable at any time sooner, at the will of the
board, and receivable for all cash corporation taxes.
"3. That the above notes shall be known as 'Fort Madison War Notes.' "
While the organized relief work centered at Keokuk and Fort Madison,
the people of the county as a whole were not backward in giving aid to
the families of volunteers. On August 14, 1862, at a war meeting in
Fort Madison, Samuel Boyles was appointed to present the following
resolutions to the board of county supervisors of Lee County:
"1. That the County of Lee will pay to each married man who volunteers
under the two recent calls of the Government $y$, and to each single
man $50, after he shall have been sworn in and accepted by the United
States mustering officer; and that for the purpose of paying the above
bounty, there be a tax of five and one-half mills on the dollar levied
upon all taxable property of the county, to be called the 'County War
"2. That the president of the board be instructed to issue war notes to
the amount of $38,000, said notes to be in amounts of from one to one
hundred dollars, to bear interest at the rate of 8 per cent per annum,
and to become due in nine months from date, and to be receivable in
payment of the above tax.
"3. That, for the purpose of raising the money in the most expeditious
manner possible, we appoint one or more persons in each township, who
shall call upon every man therein and sell said notes for cash, dollar
for dollar; and that every man in each township will be expected to buy
at least the amount required to pay his tax; and that the said persons
so appointed shall on next Saturday (August 23) pay over to the county
treasurer the amounts received from the sale of said notes; and on
Monday, the 1st day of September next, they shall again pay over to the
treasurer all money so received; and the collector or collectors of
each township shall make a statement of the total amount received in
his or their township on the sale of said notes, and shall also publish
the names of all persons who shall refuse to pay at least one dollar.
"4. That the president of the board shall issue to each person who has
or shall volunteer under the two recent calls, when the person presents
to the president of the board the certificate of the captain of his
company, showing that he has been sworn in and accepted by the
mustering officer, an order on the treasurer for the amount to which he
shall be entitled.
"5. That all persons who have paid any money to soldiers who have
volunteered under the two recent calls of the Government, shall have
the same refunded to them in said notes."
The resolutions were adopted by the board of supervisors on August 18,
1862, and through this novel method of raising money Lee County was
enabled to raise her quota of volunteers without placing upon the
shoulders of her people a bonded debt, as was done in some localities.
The "war notes" were liberally taken by the people of the county and
the same were redeemed in the payment of the "war tax," so that at no
time was the debt burdensome. This plan was pursued throughout the war,
all bounties paid by the county being provided by issues of notes and
the levying of a tax for their redemption.
No approximate estimate can be made of the amounts given in individual
offerings by charitable inclined persons. Whenever some soldier's
family stood in need of assistance it was forthcoming. The sum thus
contributed ran into thousands of dollars, of which no account was
kept. Many a basket of provisions found its way to the home of some
soldier; shoes, clothing and school books were given to soldiers'
children; the son or daughter of a volunteer were given preference in
the matter of employment by many of the citizens, and in many other
ways relief was afforded those who had sent loved ones to the front to
preserve the Union.
SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR AND MILITIA
.For four centuries after the discovery of America, the Island of Cuba
was a dependency of Spain. When Spain was losing her other American
possessions one by one, the people of Cuba remained loyal in their
allegiance, and when the Spanish dynasty was overthrown by Napoleon in
1808 the Cubans declared war against Napoleon. Their loyalty received a
poor recompense, however, for in 1825 a royal decree placed the lives
and fortunes of the Cubans at the absolute disposal of the
captains-general, or governors of the island. The "conquistadores" were
slow in coming, but they had at last arrived.
In 1829 a conspiracy was formed for the purpose of throwing off the
Spanish yoke, but it was discovered and crushed before the conspirators
were ready to begin active operations. Then followed the uprising of
the blacks in 1844, the futile expeditions of Lopez in 1849-50, and the
"Ten Years War" — from 1868 to 1878— during which Spain threatened to
make a desert of the island. Two hundred and fifty-seven thousand
soldiers were sent to Cuba and so great was the sacrifice of life that
less than fifty thousand of them returned to Spain. Three hundred
million dollars' worth of property was destroyed during the war and an
enormous debt contracted, which was saddled upon the Cubans as a
penalty for their rebellion.
One effect of the war was to make the Spanish governors more tyrannical
in their administration of affairs. Added to this was the heavy burden
of the war debt, hence it was not long until the people of Cuba began
planning another insurrection. Experience had taught them to move with
caution and for more than fifteen years they carried on their
preparations with the greatest secrecy.
In 1895 tne insurrection broke out at several places simultaneously.
The revolutionists were led by Gomez and Maceo. Captain-General Campos
conducted his military movements along lines established by civilized
warfare, which was not satisfactory to the Spanish authorities, who
removed him and placed General Weyler in command. Weyler adopted the
policy of removing the people from the rural districts to the cities,
where they were kept under guard, in order to prevent them from
furnishing supplies to the insurgents. The inhumanity that accompanied
this policy soon aroused the indignation of the civilized world. The
supply of food was inadequate to the demand of the "reconcentrados,"
as the people confined in the cities were called, and many actually
starved to death.
In the United States political conventions, commercial organizations in
a number of cities, and some of the State Legislatures adopted
resolutions calling on the Federal Government to intervene in behalf of
the suffering Cubans. The proposition to raise a fund in the United
States to feed the starving reconcentrados started riots in Havana,
some holding that intervention on the part of the people of this
country meant in the end the annexation of Cuba. The Atlantic Squadron
of the United States Navy was ordered to the Dry Tortugas, within six
hours sail of Havana, and on January 25, 1898, the Battleship Maine
dropped anchor in the Harbor of Havana. The presence of this war vessel
was not pleasing to the Spanish officials, who sought a measure of
retaliation in sending the armored Cruiser Vizcaya to New York. Thus
matters stood until February 9, 1898, when the Spanish minister to the
United States resigned his position, and on the evening of the 15th the
Maine was blown up, causing a loss of more than two hundred of her
officers and men. A court of inquiry later found that the vessel was
blown up "by a submarine mine, which caused the partial explosion of
two or more of her forward magazines."
The destruction of the Maine, with its consequent loss of life,
increased the excitement in the United States and the demands for
intervention became more insistent. Still the Government declined to
take any positive action, for the reason that General Blanco, who had
succeeded General Weyler, issued a proclamation declaring a suspension
of hostilities and announced that the reconcentrados would be permitted
to return to their homes. American consuls soon reported that this
promise was not being kept and that the suffering among the imprisoned
people had not diminished in the least.
On March 8, 1898, Congress appropriated $50,000,000 for the national
defense, but no further action was taken for more than a month, or
until it was learned that General Blanco's promise to release the
reconcentrados had not been fulfilled. On April 19, 1898, Congress
adopted a resolution recognizing the independence of Cuba and demanding
that Spain relinquish authority over and withdraw from the island. The
resolution closed with these words: "The United States hereby disclaims
any disposition or intention to exercise sovereignty, jurisdiction or
control over said island, except for the pacification thereof, and
asserts its determination when that is accomplished to leave the
government and control of the island to its people."
Under the resolution the President was authorized to employ the forces
of the United States Army and Navy to aid Cuba, and an act was passed
authorizing the increase of the army to 61,000 men. Rear Admiral
Sampson was directed to blockade the Cuban ports. This was quickly
followed by a formal declaration of war and a call for 125,000
volunteers, to be supplied from the militia of the several states as
far as practicable.
The Iowa Legislature, which adjourned a short time before the
declaration of war, in anticipation of such an event, had appropriated
$500,000 "to aid the general government in case of war," and prep-
arations were immediately commenced to fill any call for troops that
might be made. On April 21, 1898, Adjutant-General Byers issued a
general order to the company commanders in Iowa to have all officers
and men undergo a physical examination. Two days later President
McKinley issued his proclamation calling for 125,000 men, and on the
25th the Governor of Iowa was advised by telegram from the secretary of
war of the state's quota of troops under the call. The state fair
grounds, near Des Moines, were secured as a point for mobilization of
the Iowa National Guard, and the commanding officers of the four
infantry regiments were ordered to report with their regiments, with
the least possible delay. It was decided by the governor to continue
the numbering of the volunteer regiments as shown by those which had
been engaged in the Civil war. The First Regiment of the National
Guard, therefore, became the Forty-ninth Iowa Volunteer Infantry; the
Second, Third and Fourth becoming respectively the Fiftieth,
Fifty-first and Fifty-second regiments of Iowa Volunteer Infantry.
In this regiment — formerly the Second Regiment, Iowa National Guard —
Lee County was well represented in Companies A, F and L, with a few men
in other companies. Herman J. Huiskamp, of Fort Madison, was regimental
quartermaster; Thornton B. Boyer, of Keokuk, chief musician in the
regimental band, and Harry M. Reynolds, also of Keokuk, was a member of
Company A belonged in Keokuk and at the time it was mustered into the
service of the United States, May 17, 1898, the commissioned officers
were as follows: Sumner T. Bisbee, captain; Thomas H. R. Rollins, first
lieutenant; Emile F. Renaud, second lieutenant.
Of the non-commissioned officers, Victor H. Kelly was quartermaster
sergeant, and the five line sergeants, in numerical order, were: Thomas
C. McCalla, John M. Collins, Emil W. Ulrich, Albert D. Dunlap and
George H. Armitage. William Eisenhuth was first corporal; Samuel V.
Cox, second; Frank J. Davey, third; John H. Kerr, fourth; William D.
Barr, fifth, and Joseph S. Collins, sixth. William L. Kirchner served
as wagoner, and George W. Hardin, as artificer.
Privates — Ernest H. Anschutz, Harry W. Ballou, Warren T. Bisbee
(promoted corporal), William G. Blood, Hugh Brennan, Hillhouse Buel,
Harry C. Burt, Pearl C. Campbell, William H. Carpenter, James L.
Collins, Joseph W. Collins, William H. Collins, -Charles F. Collisson,
Michael F. Connelly, James Conners, Stuart W. Crafts, Edwin Crawford,
Ralph Daugherty, Charles H. Ferguson (promoted corporal), Joseph
Filker, James M. Ford, Joseph K.Foulkes, Joseph P. Garrity, Mark C.
Garver, William Gavin, William F. E. Glewe, Patrick Griffin, Malachi
Griffin, George M. Hamilton, Charles C. Harr, Frank L. Head, Jacob W.
Heintz, William H. Henneman, Herman H. Hesse, Andrew J. Hickey, Joseph
F. Holden, Samuel W. Hovey, Sebus N. Jacobs, Christ Jacobson, Benjamin
S. Jones, George W. Jones, Alva A. Kendrick, Charles W. Kerns, Henry M.
Kesselring, John B. Kiel, Charles W. Laehn, Joseph S. Leindecker, John
N. I. Limburg, David C. Lingo, Lloyd S. Lowrie, George H. McCormick,
William H. McDowell, Frank J. Martin, Joseph N. Martin, William D.
Miller, Joseph H. Morningway, Harmon W. Moss, George W. Nair, Edward G.
O'Brian, Walter E. Phillips, Richard H. Pyles, Preen Rees, John K.
Rickey, Robert S. Robertson, Robert G. Roche, Charles J. Simmonds,
Clyde E. Smales, Simon P. Smith, John Snider, Joseph A. Sterne, Edward
F. Tigue, Bertram B. Townsend, William M. VanSteenwyk, Pierce R.
Williams, Nick Worth, Jr., Leo C. Zindel.
The commissioned officers of Company F were all from Fort Madison, viz.
: Frederick C. Chambers, captain ; Herbert W. Davis, first lieutenant;
Joseph R. Frailey, second lieutenant. Edward Prichett was quartermaster
sergeant; Clarence S. Pratt, first sergeant; John L. Prichett, second;
John J. Garner, third; Charles B. Chambers, fourth; Roy Byers, fifth.
The six corporals, in numerical order, were: James S. Palin, Frank V.
Alden, Charles W. Jones, Harry E. Winters, Edward K. Morrison and
George W. Eddy. Martin J. Buckwar served as wagoner and Samuel F.
Hoftmeister, as artificer.
Privates — Clinton Arnold, Edgar W. Caldwell, Robert F. Carter, Leroy
H. Childs, Fred G. Colton, Hugh C. Craig, Roscoe A. Ellis, Arthur D.
Fletcher, Bert H. Forney, Frederick H. Frailey (promoted corporal),
George L. Garner, John Gebelein, Charles Hahn, George Halfman, Hiram E.
Hamilton, Charles T. Hollowell, Thomas P. Hollowell, Louis J. Hugel
(promoted corporal), Charles W. Hunt (promoted corporal), Raymond R.
Jackson, John O. Jones, George J. Koellner, August E. Krabbe, Charles
E. Lightfoot, Charles C. Martin, John P. Mason, William O. Mitchell,
George M. Moore, George H. Nagel, Benjamin F. Newlon, Oliver J.
Randell, William T. Reeder, Wayne D. Reynolds, Frank Sieman, Ira L.
Smith, Walter G. Smith, Percy A. Stewart, John S. Troja, William J.
Troja, Edward L. Vogel, Max E. Wagner, Ivey W. Watkins, Harry
Woodmansee, Mark Woodmansee.
On April 26, 1898, John A. Dunlap was commissioned captain of Company
L, and the following privates in that company were credited to Lee
County: Arthur D. Allison, Guy E. Blakeslee, Philarmon Cook, William J.
Dwyer, Peter Egley, James J. Fallon, Bennett J. Hill, Oscar Hopson,
Frank R. Johnson, Ambrose Kennedy, Thomas J. Palmer, Frank J. PefTers,
George L. Perrigo, George T. Ribyn, Bennett P. Rulon, William H. Smith,
Carl W. Trott, Ray Wheatley.
The following Lee County men served as privates in the companies
indicated: Joseph M. Finerty, Company E; Martin G. Holt, Company G;
Charles R. Hough, Company H; James S. Burrows, Company I, and George V.
Jenkins, Company M.
The Fiftieth was mustered into the United States service at Camp
McKinley, Des Moines, May 17, 1898, with Douglas V. Jackson as colonel.
Orders were received four days later to proceed by rail to Tampa,
Florida, but its destination was changed to Jacksonville, where it went
into camp on the 24th. The location of the camp was such that a
considerable amount of sickness prevailed and a number died. On the 1st
of August the command was moved to higher ground. Here the Iowa troops
were visited on August 9, 1898, by Governor Shaw and Adjutant-General
Byers, who made an inspection of the camp with a view to bettering the
sanitary conditions. On August 20, 1898, Colonel Jackson resigned and
Lieut. Col. Elliott T. Lambert was promoted to the command of the
regiment. Orders were received from the war department on September 12,
1898, directing the return of the Fiftieth to Iowa. It arrived at Des
Moines on the 17th, when the men were given a furlough for thirty days.
The furloughs were subsequently extended ten days, when it became
evident that the war was over and on November 30, 1898, the men were
assembled and mustered out. At the close of his official report,
Colonel Lambert says:
"I desire to take this opportunity again to express my gratitude to the
officers and men of my command for their many courtesies and the
willingness with which they cooperated with me in all the work for the
betterment of the entire regiment. I can assure you that no regiment
ever entered the service that was more loyal, energetic, enthusiastic,
or more anxious to demonstrate to the world that they would fight to
the death for the honor of the flag and their country."
So far as shown by the muster rolls of the Iowa troops in the
Spanish-American war, only one Lee County man was enabled to see
service outside of the United States. That was William J. Miller, who
enlisted at Keokuk, May 5, 1898, as a member of the regimental band. He
was mustered in with the regiment at Des Moines, May 30, 1898, and
about a month later was transferred to Company E, where he remained as
a private until February 18, 1899, when he was transferred back to the
band and served as musician until mustered out with the regiment at San
Francisco, California, November 2, 1899.
On June 2, 1898, the regiment, commanded by Col. John C. Loper,
received orders to proceed to San Francisco, where it remained in camp
until November 3, 1898, when it embarked for Manila, Philippine
Islands. While in service in the Philippines it was engaged at a number
of places, including Culi Culi Church, Calumpit, San Fernando, Quingua,
Pulilan and a number of minor actions. On September 4, 1899, it was
ordered home and arrived at San Francisco on the 22d of October. There
it was assigned to its old camp at the Presidio, where it remained
until November 2, 1899, when the men were mustered out and returned to
Iowa National Guard
Section i, article 6, of the state constitution of 1857, provides that
"The militia of this state shall be composed of all able-bodied male
citizens, between the ages of eighteen and forty-five years, except
such as are or may hereafter be exempt by the laws of the United
States, or of this state; and shall be armed, equipped and trained as
the general assembly may provide by law."
Other sections of the same article stipulate that no person having
conscientious scruples against bearing arms shall be compelled to
perform any military duty in time of peace, and that all commissioned
officers of the militia, except staff officers, shall be commissioned
by the governor of the state.
Under these constitutional provisions, the Legislature has, from time
to time, enacted laws for the organization and regulation of the state
troops. Under the act of 1902 the Iowa National Guard was. made to
consist of "four regiments of infantry, one signal company,, and at the
discretion of the commander-in-chief, two batteries of artillery." The
same act provides that all enlistments in the guard shall be for three
In order to encourage the several military companies of the state, the
Legislature of 1907 made provision for the following payments:. To the
commander of each company, for postage, keeping the records,, etc.,
$100; to the chief musician of each band, $50; to the inspector of
small arms practice, $50, and to each company showing a full:
attendance at weekly drills of two hours each, $500; the amounts; above
named to be paid in two semi-annual payments.
The four regiments constituting the Iowa National Guard are numbered to
succeed the last regiment serving in the Spanish-American war, and are
designated the Fifty-second, Fifty-third, Fifty-fourth and Fifty-fifth.
Two companies of the Fifty-fourth belong in Lee County. This regiment
was first organized as a twelve- company regiment under General Order
No. 8, April 18, 1892. On May 17, 1898, it was mustered into the United
States service as the Fiftieth Iowa Infantry. It was reorganized on
March 20, 1899, and by General Order No. 19, it was changed to the
Fifty-fourth on November 26, 1902. Company A was made up at Fort
Madison and Company L at Keokuk. Thomas P. Hollowell, of Fort Madison,
was commissioned major of the second battalion on May 10, 1909, and
First Lieut. George L. Hewett, of Company A, was made battalion
adjutant of the same battalion on February 16, 1912. Camps of
instruction are held annually. At the time of the encampment in August,
19 14, the commissioned officers of Company A were: Roy R. Kountz,
captain; Edward E. Courtright, first lieutenant; L. H. Danley, second
lieutenant. This company has a well equipped armory and drill room on
the east side of Market Street, between Second and Third streets, where
regular-meetings are held on Monday evening of each week.
Company L, of Keokuk, has a commodious armory and club rooms at the
corner of Third and Main streets. It is fitted up with shower baths,
drill room, etc. The officers of this company in August, 1914, were as
follows: Robert T. Richardson, captain; Louis A. Rovane, first
lieutenant; Clarence E. Powell, second lieutenant. Both the Lee County
companies of the Fifty-fourth Regiment have a full quota of
non-commissioned officers and enlisted men, and are recognized by the
military authorities of the state as well drilled, well disciplined
According to the last published report of the adjutant-general, in 1912
Lee County had 5,052 men subject to military duty under the provisions
of the constitution. The two regularly organized com- panies include
but a small portion of the entire number, but if the nation should
become involved in war and a call should be made for volunteers, there
is no question that old Lee's response would be as prompt and complete
as it was at the beginning of the great Civil war of 1861-65.
of Lee County,
Iowa, by Dr. S. W. Moorhead and Nelson C. Roberts, 1914