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1914 County History
1914
Military History

Early Military History

For many years after the conquest of Mexico by the Spaniards the territory now comprising the State of Texas was left unpeopled, the object being to make it act as a barrier between the United States and the Spanish settlements in Mexico. When Mexico achieved her independence in 182 1, the new government adopted the policy of developing the district so long neglected. To inaugurate this policy a large tract of land was given to Moses Austin, of Connecticut, on condition that he would establish a colony of 300 American families thereon. The grant was later confirmed to his son, Stephen Austin, who was given the privilege of increasing the colony to 500 families. Under this arrangement a nucleus of American settlement was placed in Texas by 1823, and a few years later the colonists from the United States were strong enough to dominate the affairs of the province.

Under the leadership of Samuel Houston, of Tennessee, these Americans instituted an armed revolt in 1835 against the Mexican authorities. General Santa Anna, president of Mexico, marched against the Texans and on March 6, 1836, occurred the historic massacre of the Alamo. The following month this dastardly deed was avenged by the Texans under General Houston in the Battle of San Jacinto, in which the Mexicans were defeated and General Santa Anna made prisoner. This forced a peace and the Republic of Texas was established with Houston as president. The independence of the new state was acknowledged by the United States, Great Britain and France.

It was not long until Houston, and other Americans, sought the annexation of Texas to the United States, as more than a hundred thousand emigrants from the States had already settled in Texas. In the political campaign of 1844, the democratic party, with James K. Polk as the candidate for President, declared in favor of annexation, while the whigs, led by Henry Clay as their candidate, opposed it. Polk was elected and on March 1, 1845, Congress passed the annexation bill, which was signed by President Tyler, three days before Polk was inaugurated.

At that time the military forces of the United States in the Southwest were commanded by Gen. Zachary Taylor, who was ordered to take possession of the country and hold it until the boundary dispute could be adjusted. Early in 1846 General Arista began gathering a large force of Mexicans directly south of the Rio Grande, to which stream Taylor was ordered to advance. Establishing a depot of supplies at Point Isabel, on the Gulf coast, he built Fort Brown opposite the Mexican Town of Matamoras, which was General Arista's headquarters. The Mexican commander was defeated in the battles of Palo Alto and Resaca de la Palma and the news of these engagements aroused the war spirit all over the United States. Whigs forgot the old political differences of opinion regarding annexation and offered their services to put a stop to Mexican aggression. On May 11, 1846, two days after the Battle of Resaca de la Palma, Congress declared that "war already exists by act of the Mexican government," placed $10,000,000 at the disposal of the administration, and authorized the President to accept the services of 50,000 volunteers. 

President Polk approved the act on May 13, 1846, and called upon the various states and territories for eighty-six and one-half regiments (the half regiment to be raised in the District of Columbia). On June 1, 1846, Governor James Clarke, of Iowa, issued his proclamation calling for one regiment "to consist of ten companies, each company to have one captain, one first and one second lieu- tenant, four sergeants, four corporals, two musicians and sixty-four privates. . . . The enlistment is to be for twelve months after they shall have arrived at the place of rendezvous, or to the end of the war, unless sooner discharged." 

Iowa was at that time a territory, the bill admitting it into the Union as a state being passed on December 28, 1846, while the troops were still in the service. In closing his proclamation Governor Clarke said: "The President, in thus offering us an opportunity of participating in the danger and glory of inflicting merited chastisement upon the invaders of our soil, has, I am confident, but antici- pated the wishes of the great body of our people. It remains for us to prove by our acts that he has not formed too high an estimate of our devotion to country, and that the flame of patriotism burns not less brightly in Iowa than elsewhere." 

The Thirty-second General Assembly of Iowa passed an act, which was approved on April 10, 1907, providing for the compilation of a roster of Iowa soldiers in all the wars in which the state has borne a part. Volume VI of that work (p. 789) says: "On June 26, 1846, the ten companies, which were to compose the regiment from Iowa, had been organized and were ready for service. In fact, two more than the requisite number had been organized, in the following order: Des Moines County, two companies; Lee County, two companies; Van Buren County, two companies; Muscatine County, one company; Louisa County, one company; Washington County, one company; Dubuque County, one company; Johnson and Linn counties, one company, and Jefferson County, one company." 

Although the companies were ready for service in June, no order for their muster in and organization into a regiment came from Washington. The summer passed and still the men waited for an opportunity to enter into active service. Late in the fall Governor Clarke wrote to the War Department and received the following reply: 

"War Department, Washington, November 25, 1846.
"His Excellency James Clarke,
Governor of Iowa,
Burlington, Iowa. 

"Sir: — I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your Excellency's letter of the 19th instant, stating that the regiment of Iowa volunteers are anxious to be called into active service, and to inform you that their patriotic wishes cannot now be gratified consistently with the claims of other states. 

"Very respectfully your Obt. Servt., 

"W. L. Marcy,
"Secretary of War." 

It would be interesting to give a roster of the Lee County companies that were formed for service in the war with Mexico, but as the regiment was never called into service the muster rolls, it appears, were not preserved. E. L. Sabin, writing in the "Annals of Iowa" (Vol. IV, page 314) says: "The names of the organizations of troops that took part in the operations on Mexican soil, and published in one of the histories of the war, in the library of the State Historical Department, have no representation from Iowa, save the Mormon battalion and Company K, Fifteenth United States Infantry." 

The Fifteenth Regiment was recruited in the central part of the Mississippi Valley, Company K being raised in Iowa and a large part of that company in Lee County. Edwin Guthrie, of Fort Madison, was commissioned captain by President Polk on March 8, 1847, and a month later was assigned to the command of the company. He was one of the early wardens of the penitentiary at Fort Madison. In the skirmish at Lahoya Pass, on the road from V era Cruz to Perote, June 20, 1847, Captain Guthrie was severely wounded and died on the 20th of July. In 1850 the Iowa Legislature named Guthrie County in his honor. 

Henry E. Vrooman, of Fort Madison, was first sergeant of the company. He enlisted on April 6, 1847, an d died of disease on the 5th of the following September, in the hospital at Puebla, Mexico. 

Isaac W. Griffiths, first corporal, was also from Fort Madison. In the Battle of Churubusco, August 20, 1847, he lost his right arm and was discharged on account of the disability. From this fact he was called "Old Churubusco 1 ' by his comrades. Before entering the United States service he had held the rank of captain in the territorial militia. After the war he served as a member of the Iowa Legislature; as bailiff of the State Supreme Court; as doorkeeper of the United States Senate, and as sheriff of Polk County. 

John Moyes, the third corporal, enlisted at Fort Madison on April 6, 1847, served throughout the entire term of enlistment and was mustered out with the company at Covington, Kentucky, August 4,1848. 

Isaiah B. Taylor, generally called by the members of the company "Zack" Taylor, was from Fort Madison and was the fourth corporal of the company. He was mustered out with the company at Covington. 

Among the privates of the company, the following were from Lee County: Jesse B. Barber, William Benton, Warren W. Bixby, Thomas Courtney, Edmund Derrick, Samuel Foulton, Thomas L. Gannon, George A. Gray, George Grigsby, William B. Hampton, Philip J. Hanes, Henry McC. Jewett, John Levitt, Thomas J. McKean, Gushorn C. Norris, Grosvenor Norton, John W. Roberts, Andrew R. Sausman, John Schuyler, John R. Snyder, Theodore B. Sparks, Samuel D. Thompson, West Walker and William H. Woodbridge. 

Private Thomas J. McKean graduated at the United States Military Academy at West Point in July, 1831, and received the rank of brevet second lieutenant in the Fourth United States Infantry. After the Florida war, in which he took part, he settled in Iowa and was a delegate to the first constitutional convention. On May 10, 1847, he was made sergeant major of the regiment and was mustered out with that rank at Covington, Kentucky, August 4, 1848. He was wounded at Churubusco. After the war he settled in Linn County. 

The company reported at Vera Cruz on July 10, 1847, and was at once attached to the regiment. From that time until the close of the conflict it was on active duty, taking part in numerous battles and skirmishes and losing about forty per cent of its aggregate number. Nearly every one of its officers received honorable mention for gallant and meritorious conduct on the field of battle and several were promoted for similar service. 

Notwithstanding the failure of the War Department to accept the regiment called for from Iowa, three independent companies were mustered into the service of the United States. The first of these was Capt. James M. Morgan's infantry company, which was mustered in at Fort Atkinson on July 15, 1846, for one year, and was mustered out at the same place promptly at the expiration of that period. It was employed in garrison duty and was not ordered to Mexico. 

Capt. John Parker's company of Iowa Dragoons was mustered in at Fort Atkinson on September 9, 1846, and was employed in watching the Winnebago Indians, keeping them upon their reservation, and in performing scout duty. It was mustered out by order of the War Department at Fort Atkinson, November 5, 1846. 

After Captain Morgan's infantry company was mustered out he organized a company of mounted men, which was mustered in at Fort Atkinson immediately after the infantry company was disbanded, many of the members of that company becoming members of the new organization. It was engaged in watching the Indians of the Northwest until mustered out at Fort Atkinson, September 13, 1848. 

In these three companies there were few Lee County men, but the muster rolls give imperfect records of the members and it is impossible to distinguish which should be credited to the county. There were also a few Lee County men in other military organizations. J. J. Brown, of Fort Madison, enlisted as a private in Company F, First United States Infantry, in 1846, and served with the regiment in Mexico until the end of the war. Benjamin S. Roberts, of Fort Madison, was commissioned a first lieutenant in the United States army by President Polk on May 27, 1846, and was assigned to duty with the regiment of Mounted Riflemen. He distinguished himself by his bravery and skill and was promoted to captain. At the close of the war he was given the brevet rank of lieutenant-colonel. 

Benjamin Stone Roberts was born at Manchester, Vermont, November 1 8, 1810, and died at Washington, D. C, January 29, 1870. He was a grandson of Christopher Roberts, who was with Ethan Allen and his "Green Mountain Boys" when that intrepid officer demanded the surrender of Ticonderoga "in the name of the Great Jehovah and the Continental Congress. 11 In 1835 he was graduated at the United States Military Academy and served as second lieutenant in the First Dragoons until 1839, when he resigned. After a few months spent in civil engineering, he was appointed assistant state geologist of the State of New York. He next studied law with General Skinner, of Plattsburg, and in 1842 went to Russia to aid in the construction of railroads. Not liking the conditions in that country, he soon returned to his native land, and in February, 1843, located at Fort Madison, Iowa. 

He was the ranking first lieutenant of the Mounted Riflemen in the Mexican war, which regiment served in the army commanded by General Scott. In February, 1847, he was promoted to the rank of captain. He commanded the advance guard at the battle of Contreras; was actively engaged at Churubusco; led a picked storming party at Chapultepec; marched with his regiment at the head of the army when it entered the City of Mexico, and with his own hands raised the first United States flag over the ancient palace of the Montezumas. 

For his distinguished services during the war he was given the rank of brevet lieutenant-colonel by President Polk and continued in the regular army. While in the war with Mexico he captured a sword from General Torrejon, the notorious Mexican guerrilla. This sword he afterward presented to the State of Iowa and it is now among the stated historical collections. In 1849 the Iowa Legislature gave him a vote of thanks for the luster shed upon the state through his military services. 

At the beginning of the Civil war in 1861, he was with his regiment in New Mexico, where he played a conspicuous part in repelling the invasion of the Confederate general, Sibley. He was then ordered to Washington and was appointed a brigadier-general of volunteers. Subsequently he was made chief of cavalry of the Army of the Potomac, under Gen. John Pope, and distinguished himself in a number of engagements in Virginia. He was one of Iowa's most valiant soldiers in two wars. 

When it became known that the ten companies called for by Governor Clarke, in his proclamation of June i, 1846, were not to be accepted for active service, a few men from Lee County enlisted in other organizations. Soon after the conclusion of the conflict a number of Mexican war veterans settled within the limits of the county. Among those known to have served in the war with Mexico were Eli P. Ramsey, Frank Seitz, James Graham, J. M. Love and Nicholas McKenzie, of Keokuk; and William Winters, August Ehinger, James J. Brown and William C. Brandes, of Fort Madison. Washington Galland, who served through the war with Mexico, entered the Union army in the Civil war as captain of a company and in the summer of 19 14 was still living in Lee County — one of the very few survivors of the Mexican war.

THE CIVIL WAR PERIOD

.Almost from the very beginning of the American Republic, the slavery question became a dominant issue in political affairs. In 1808, the earliest date at which such action could be constitutionally taken, Congress enacted a law abolishing the foreign slave trade. By 1819 seven of the original thirteen states had abolished slavery within their borders. Kentucky, Tennessee, Louisiana, Mississippi and Alabama had been admitted as slave states, and Vermont, Ohio, Indiana and Illinois as free states, making eleven of each. This was the situation when Missouri sought admission in 1820. After a long and somewhat acrimonious debate, that state was admitted under the provisions of the act known as the "Missouri Compromise," which provided that Missouri should be admitted without any restrictions as to slavery, but in all the remaining portion of the Louisiana Purchase north of the line marking the latitude of 36 30' slavery should be forever prohibited. 

The Mexican war gave to the United States a large expanse of territory to which the advocates of slavery laid claim. The "Omnibus Bill," or Compromise of 1850, was a violation of the Missouri Compromise, according to the views of the opponents of slavery, because it sought to extend slavery north of the line 36 30", and the Kansas-Nebraska Bill of 1854 added fresh fuel to the already raging flames. The passage of this bill was one of the potent influences that led to the organization of the republican party, which was opposed to the further extension of slavery beyond the territory in which it already existed. 

In the political campaign of i860 some of the southern states declared their intention of withdrawing from the Union in the event of Abraham Lincoln's election to the Presidency, but the people of the North regarded such announcements as idle threats, made solely for political effect. Through the split in the democratic party, Lincoln was elected and on December 20, i860, South Carolina, by a convention of delegates chosen to decide what course to pursue, passed an ordinance of secession, declaring that all allegiance to the United States was at an end. Mississippi followed with a similar ordinance on January 9, 1861 ; Florida, January 10th; Georgia, January 19th; Louisiana, January 26th, and Texas, February 1, 1861. 

On February 4, 1861, delegates from all of these seven states, except Texas, met at Montgomery, Alabama, adopted a tentative constitution, and elected Jefferson -Davis provisional president and Alexander H. Stephens, vice president of the Confederate States of America. These officials were inaugurated on February 22, 1861, the anniversary of the birth of George Washington. Consequently, when Mr. Lincoln was inaugurated on March 4, 1861, he found seven states, with an organized government, in opposition to his administration. However, the President, his advisers and the people of the North generally entertained the hope that the situation could be met without open rupture between the North and South, and that the people of the seceded states could be persuaded to return to their allegiance. 

About the beginning of the year 1861, Maj. Robert Anderson, who was in command of all the defenses of the harbor at Charleston, South Carolina, secretly removed his garrison and supplies from Fort Moultrie to Fort Sumter, because the latter place was better •calculated for defense, after which he spiked the guns at Fort Moultrie. The secessionists claimed that this was a violation of an agree- ment made with President Buchanan, and the press of the North was almost unanimous in demanding that reinforcements and supplies be sent to Major Anderson. The steamer Star of the West, with 250 men, a stock of provisions, ammunition, etc., was dispatched to Fort Sumter, but on January 9, 1861, the vessel was fired upon by a masked battery on Morris Island and forced to turn back. This incident is regarded in the official records as the beginning of the Civil war, though the popular awakening did not come until about three months later. 

General Beauregard, in command of the Confederate forces at Charleston, then opened negotiations with Major Anderson looking to the evacuation of Fort Sumter. Anderson's provisions were run- ning low and on April n, 1 86 1 , he informed General Beauregard that he would vacate the fort on the 15th, "unless ordered by the Government to remain and the needed supplies are received." This was not satisfactory to the Confederate commander, who feared that Anderson might be reinforced. He therefore sent word to Anderson at 3.20 A. M. on Friday, April 12, 1861, that within an hour he would open fire on the fort. At 4.30 Capt. George Janes fired the signal gun from Fort Johnson and the shell burst almost directly over the fort. A few moments later a solid shot from a battery on Cummings Point went crashing against the walls of Fort Sumter. The war had begun. 

The garrison responded promptly and the bombardment continued throughout the day. Fire broke out in the fort and the Confederates increased their fire, hoping to force a surrender. Anderson held out against desperate odds until Sunday, when he was permitted to evacuate the fort with the honors of war, saluting his flag with fifty guns before hauling it down. 

When the telegraph flashed the news of Sumter's fall through the North, all hope of conciliation was abandoned. Political differences of the past were forgotten in the insult to the flag. On Monday, April 15, 1861, President Lincoln issued a proclamation calling for 75,000 militia and appealing to "all loyal citizens for state aid in this effort to maintain the laws, integrity, national union, perpetuity of popular government, and redress wrongs long enough endured." 

On the next day Governor Kirkwood, of Iowa, received a telegram from the secretary of war, to-wit: "Calls made on you by tonight's mail for one regiment of militia for immediate service." It is said that when this message was received by the governor he expressed some doubt as to Iowa's ability to furnish an entire regiment. Nevertheless, he immediately issued the following proclamation: 

"Whereas, the President of the United States has made a requisition upon the executive of the State of Iowa for one regiment of militia, to aid the Federal Government in enforcing its laws and suppressing rebellion. 

"Now, therefore, I, Samuel J. Kirkwood, governor of the State of Iowa, do issue this proclamation, and hereby call upon the militia of the state immediately to form, in the different counties, volunteer companies with a view of entering the active military service of the United States for the purpose aforesaid. The regiment at present required will consist of ten companies of at least seventy-eight men each, including one captain and two lieutenants to be elected by each company. Under the present requisition only one regiment can be accepted, and the companies accepted must hold themselves in readiness for duty by the 20th of May next at the farthest. If a sufficient number of companies are tendered their services may be required. If more companies are formed and reported than can be received under the present call, their services will be required in the event of another requisition upon the state. The nation is in peril. A fearful attempt is being made to overthrow the Constitution and dissever the Union. The aid of every loyal citizen is invoked to sustain the general Government. For the honor of our state, let the requirement of the President be cheerfully and promptly met. 

"Samuel J. Kirkwood.
"Iowa City, April 17, 1861." 

The statement in the proclamation that the companies must hold themselves in readiness for duty by the 20th of May was in accordance with a telegram from the War Department to the governor late on the afternoon of April 16, 1861, which read: "It will suffice if your quota of volunteers be at its rendezvous by the 20th of May." 

On the evening of the day this proclamation was issued, a great mass meeting was held in Verandah Hall, at Keokuk, with J. M. Hiatt presiding and T. J. McKenna acting as secretary. Samuel F. Miller, afterward one of the justices of the United States Supreme Court, was the principal speaker. Hugh T. Reid, S. T. Marshall, William Leighton and others also made short speeches and the sentiment in favor of sustaining the national administration was unanimous. Near the close of the meeting J. Monroe Reid invited all who wanted to enlist to meet him and Captain McHenry at Military Hall the following evening. 

On Thursday evening, April 18, 1861, a rousing meeting was held at Fort Madison. Fred Hesser was chosen to preside and M. Ashby and George H. Albright acted as secretaries. In the resolutions adopted was the following declaration: "Forgetting the past, and resolving neither to criminate nor accuse those whose political opinions and views of public policy differ from ours, we will cooper- ate with all patriotic citizens of all parties who love their country and are prepared to stand by her in this hour of necessity." 

Speeches were made by Judge Philip Viele, J. M. Beck, Dr. W. H. Davis, J. H. Knapp and others, and a committee, consisting of John H. Knapp, W. H. Davis, R. Lange, W. W. Stevens and M. Ashby, was appointed to accept enlistments. 

War meetings were also held at West Point, Montrose, and, in fact, in nearly every schoolhouse in the county. In Cedar Township, Saturday, April 27, 1861, two companies were started — one of infantry and one of cavalry. Within an'hour fifty-four names were upon the roll of the cavalry company and fifty men had enlisted in the infantry organization. The sentiment expressed at these meetings quickly removed any doubt Governor Kirkwood might have entertained as to the willingness and ability of Iowa to raise a whole regiment of volunteers. Companies were rapidly formed and during the first ten days of May they rendezvoused at Keokuk, where the First Regiment was mustered in on May 14, 1861, for three months, with John F. Bates, of Dubuque, as colonel. 

First Infantry

Although the work of recruiting was pushed forward with all possible vigor, some of the Lee County boys went to Burlington and enlisted in Captain Mathes' company, which was mustered in as Company D, First Iowa Infantry. George Schaefer and Henry Rose were made sergeants, and the following privates were from Lee County: Ernest Becker, William Bush, Ferdinand Fahr, Philip Grunschlagg, Anton Henrichs, John Klay, Charles Knapp, John Kohler, Jack Koppenhoefer, Henry C. Kummer, Philip Lang, Frederick Leonhard, Conrad Limburg, Charles F. Limle, Adolph Lotz, Robert Merz, Andrew Nagel, Adolph Rinker, Fridolin Rommel, Ernest Rotteck, John Ruokert, Henry Schaelling. George Schlapp, Robert Scholtz, Charles Schulz, David Seguin, Frederick C. Soechtig, William Starkman and Frank H. Westerman. 

In Company F, Conrad Balbach, Henry C. Bowen, John Brothers, Goodcil Buckingham and Thomas J. Zollars were credited to Lee County. Hugh Brady was mustered in as second lieutenant of Company I ; Frye W. Thompson was a private in Company H, and John R. Teller served as first lieutenant of Company C and later as captain of Company K, after the regiment was reorganized for the three years' service. 

On June 13th the regiment was ordered to Hannibal, Missouri. On the 21st it joined Gen. Nathaniel Lyon at Boonville and started on the campaign that culminated in the Battle of Wilson's Creek on August 10, 1861, where General Lyon was killed. It was engaged at Dug Springs and McCulloch's Store, and at the Battle of Wilson's Creek lost 13 killed, 141 wounded and 4 missing. The regiment was mustered out at St. Louis, Missouri, August 21, 1861. 

Second Infantry 

It was soon discovered by the national administration that 75,000 troops would not be sufficient to put an end to the war, and on May 4, 1861, the President issued a second call for volunteers. Under this call the Second Regiment was organized. In the meantime the old "Keokuk Guards" had been reorganized at a meeting held in their armory on the evening of April 18, 1861, when the name "Union Guards" was adopted. Thirty members enrolled at that meeting, a recruiting office was then opened in the Belknap Building and in a few days the quota of the company was filled, but not in time to be accepted as one of the companies of the First Regiment. Richard H. Huston was elected captain; Thomas J. McKenny, first lieutenant; and Sampson M. Archer, second lieutenant. With these com- missioned officers the company was assigned to the Second Infantry as Company A.

The non-commissioned officers at the time of muster in were as follows: Joseph L. Davis, first sergeant; Daniel Tisdale, Jr., second; Webster Ballinger, third; John Mackley, fourth; Jesse C. Wickersham, fifth; Samuel P. Curtis, first corporal; Ralph R. Teller, second; John Taugher, third; Eli Ramsey, fourth; Thomas A. Stevenson, fifth; William A. Musser, sixth.

Privates — Samuel Anderson, Andrew Applegate, Edgar L. Beach, John W. Bird, John B. Bosworth, John Campbell, George H. Cantrill, George B. Catlin, William W. Clark, John Clough, Joseph A. M. Collins, Joseph Conley, William Cripps, John Curtis, John Day, Charles C. Derr, Harmon Dickenson, John R. Dimond, William Douglas (promoted corporal), Samuel W. Evans, Seth Farr, Thomas Feehan, John Finerty, George W. Friend, William A. Geer, John J. Gilcrist, Samuel Gillaspie, Jerry J. Goodwin, Isaac N. Griffith, Samuel W. Grover, Lander J. P. Haggard, Robert Hall, William K. Harper, Richard Higham, Franklin Hoffman, William Holt, John A. Hough, James Hutchinson, Elmore Jennings, Albert Johnson, Webber Jones, Henry Keevern, John Keppel, James Kerr, William Koates, John C. Leighton, John W. Long, George H. Loomas, Nicholas McKenzie, William McKenzie, William H. Maybery, Wallace E. Marsh (promoted corporal), Erastus Moore, James F. Nash, Hamilton Nation, William H. Nation, Wil- liam Neel, Thomas J. Parrott (promoted corporal) James M. Patten, Granville C. Phillips (promoted corporal), Franklin Prouty, James W. Quicksell, Joseph Reedy, John Reese, James M. Reed, George Reisonier, John W. Renz, Charles Richards, Joseph K. Rickey, William H. Robinson, Henry Ryan, John C. Ryan, George D. Sayler, Samuel C. Seaton (promoted corporal), Henry A. Seirberlich (promoted corporal), Franklin R. Seitz, Lewis P. Sicer, Henry Solner, Joseph S. Stark, Ira Stevens, Henry Strauss, George Thomp- son, James H. Turton, William H. Underwood, Joseph W. Vance, George Vansyoc, Richard T. Vandeventer, Victor Voretories, Ephraim B. Wilsey, James L. Wilson, William H. Wilson (promoted corporal), James F. Woodruff and Andrew J. Wright. 

In Company B the following privates were from Lee County: Julius Benneke, Jacob Bertschi, Oliver Inden, T. G. Kelley, August Lang, James Nilson, John S. Patten, A. D. Root, Nathan Smallenburg, Adolph Steinmitz, George W. Thornton. 

Lee County was represented in Company C by Edward Corcoran, corporal, and Privates Charles F. Anderson, James A. Cease, John Fitzgerald, William W. Gordon, Joseph Hunter, Daniel Ryan and John W. Swaney.

 
William Bander, Lewis Eck, Thomas H. Hart and Louis Stiles served as privates in Company E; William W. Walker was a corporal and James McNulty a private in Company F; Azariah P. Box served as corporal in Company G, and in Company I William W. Stevens enlisted as a private and was promoted to second lieutenant; George W. Walker served as sergeant; A. S. Cooley, as corporal, and the following Lee County men as privates: W. W. Boughton, George W. Johnson, Henry Laird, William W. Morrison, Isaac Newton, F. M. Smith, Emile Schutte and Samuel Van Schock.

The Second Infantry was mustered in at Keokuk on May 28, 1 861, with Samuel R. Curtis, of Keokuk, as colonel. Wells R. Marsh, of Keokuk, was regimental surgeon; Elliott Pyle, of West Point, and William H. Turner, of Keokuk, assistant surgeons. Soon after being mustered in, the regiment was ordered to Northern Missouri, where, with the First Iowa and part of the Sixteenth Illinois, it was assigned to the duty of guarding the railroads. It rendered important services at St. Joseph, Missouri, and in guarding the United States Arsenal at St. Louis, after which it was on detached duty at Bird's Point, Jackson and other Missouri points until ordered to join General Grant for the campaign against Forts Henry and Donnelson. At Shiloh the regiment distinguished itself on the second day of the battle by a brilliant bayonet charge. After that engagement it was in the siege of Corinth. It was then assigned to the Army of the Mississippi and remained on duty in Mississippi and Alabama until the beginning of the Atlanta campaign in the spring of 1864, when it joined the army commanded by General Sherman. It was with Sherman in the historic "March to the Sea" and the campaign through the Carolinas, after which it marched with the army to Washington. It was mustered out at Louisville, Kentucky, July 12, 1865.

Samuel R. Curtis, who went out as colonel of the Second Iowa Infantry, was a soldier of two wars. He was born in Ohio on February 3, 1807, graduated at West Point on July 1, 1 83 1 , and for the next year was on duty in Arkansas as brevet second lieutenant in the Seventh United States Infantry. He then resigned and engaged in civil engineering in his native state. On May 20, 1846, he was ap- pointed adjutant-general of Ohio, for mustering troops for service in the war with Mexico, and on June 25, 1846, he was commissioned colonel of the Third Ohio Infantry. While in the service he acted as military governor of Matamoras, Camargo, Monterey and Saltillo, and was for a time an officer of the staff of General Wool. He was mustered out in 1847 and soon afterward accepted a commission to make a survey and report a plan for the improvement of the Des Moines River.

That brought him to Iowa and he became a resident of Keokuk, here he formed a partnership with Judge Rankin for the practice of law. Later he was associated in the same capacity with Judge Mason. From 1850 to 1853 he was in charge of the harbor improvements at St. Louis, after which he engaged in railroad work in Iowa, Illinois and Indiana. In 1856 he was elected mayor of Keokuk and the next year was an active figure in the organization of the republican party in Iowa. In 1856 he was elected to Congress from the First Iowa District, which then embraced nearly all the southern\half of the state. He was reelected in 1858 and again in i860.

When the news of Fort Sumter's fall was received at Keokuk he hastened to Washington, where he received authority to aid in raising and organizing the Iowa volunteers. Returning to Keokuk, he found the First Regiment already organized and was elected colonel of the Second. He remained in the field with his regiment until June 30, 1 861, when he left the command to Lieut.-Col. J. M. Tuttle and left for Washington to attend the special session of Congress called to meet on the 4th of July. When the Battle of Bull Run resulted so disastrously to the Union arms, he hurried to the field and tried to rally the troops, but they were too badly panic-stricken. During the special session he was appointed a brigadier-general of volunteers, his commission dating from May 17, 1861. He then resigned his seat in Congress, reported to General Fremont at St. Louis, and was placed in charge of the camp of instruction at Benton Barracks.
 
Statue of General Samuel Curtis
Statue of General Samuel Curtis
Fremont soon afterward went to Jefferson City, Missouri, leaving General Curtis in command at St. Louis. When Confederate General Price invaded Missouri, Curtis was placed in command of the Union forces in pursuit. General Curtis bore an active part in the Battle of Pea Ridge, after which he was placed in command of the Army of the Southwest. On March 21, 1862, he was pro- moted to the rank of major-general. He died at Council Bluffs, Iowa, December 26, 1866. 

Sixth Infantry 

This was the next regiment in which Lee County was represented. It was mustered in at Burlington on July 17, 1861, with John A. McDowell, of Keokuk, as colonel; Albert T. Shaw, of Fort Madison, regimental surgeon; Jacob R. Paynter, hospital surgeon, and the following Lee County men as members of the regimental band: Sigismond I. Gates, Adelbert Hawkins, James Rogers, William Madden, Richard Maddern, Morris Peck, Edward Pipe, Augustus Santo, George W. Titus, Samuel M. Titus and Julius C. Wright. 

Byron K. Cowles, who enlisted in Company A, was made commissary sergeant and later first lieutenant of Company K; Lynas Brockway was a private in Company B; C. A. Gummere, in Company C; Joseph Delapp and John Martin, in Company D; Isaac McCloskey was a corporal and John Moloney and John Tobin privates in Company F; Jacob A. Bowman, John H. McKiernan and A. B. Stewart, in Company F. 

Company H was practically all from Lee County. At the time of muster in the commissioned officers of this company were: Washington Galland, captain; Rufus Goodnough, first lieutenant;' George R. Nunn, second lieutenant. The sergeants were John McCleary, Robert Sleater, Abraham B. Stevens, Samuel M. Titus (transferred to regimental band), and Leonard W. Wood. The corporals were Sterling W. Camp, Dennis Miles, Michael Bowen, John Fox, William T. Hafford, Jesse Carter and William H. Watson. 

Privates — Edwin F. Alden (promoted first lieutenant), Charles L. Allen, Joseph S. Anderson, Henry C. Barnes, James C. Batley, Levi A. Best, Aaron Bixby (promoted corporal), Benjamin Bixby, Timothy Burk, Hugh Cameron, John Carroll, Jacob Chapman, William Church, William Coleman (promoted corporal), Matthew L. Cooney, Clarkson W. Cooper, Clayton Curry, James W. Davis, Samuel H. Davis, William Emmitt, Daniel P. Fithian, Henry K. Greer, Stephen H. Hand, Theodore S. Hand, Charles Hass, Albert Hill, John W. Hufford, George W. Huston, Joseph M. Johnson, William Jones, George Knuck, Antone Lamott, John Lawler (promoted corporal), Elias Line, Fuqua V. Lyon, John McClearnan, James McCord, Thomas F. McEveny, George W. McNeely, Patrick Mahan, John A. Martin, William Miller, William H. Moore, Edward O'Donnell, Michael Randall, William Rider, Hiram M. Roberts, John Rogers, David Shreck, Thomas Smout, William Spain, John W. Stewart, Ray H. Stewart, James Swan (promoted captain), Salathiel A. Swiggart, William Tadlock, Hiram L. Walker, George W. Wilson. 

Captain Galland, of Company H, was a veteran of the Mexican war. He resigned on June 20, 1863, when he was succeeded by Lieut. George R. Munn. He is still living (1914) in Lee County at an advanced age. 

In Company K were five Lee County men, viz. : Byron K. Cowles, who became captain of the company in April, 1862, Timothy Jayne, Joseph Poots, Melville Sisson and Lorenzo H. Stewart. 

Soon after being mustered in, the regiment was ordered to St. Louis and went into quarters at Benton Barracks. From September 19, 1861, to March 7, 1862, it was on duty in Missouri. It was then ordered to Tennessee and on the 1 6th reached Pittsburg Landing, where it was assigned to General Sherman's division. In the Battle of Shiloh Colonel McDowell commanded a brigade. The regiment lost in that engagement 211 men in killed, wounded and missing. In March, 1863, Colonel McDowell resigned and John M. Corse succeeded to the colonelcy. The regiment was then in the Vicks- burg campaign, the Battle of Jackson, Mississippi, a number of minor actions in Mississippi, Alabama and Tennessee, and in the spring of 1864 joined the army under General Sherman for the cam- paign against Atlanta. When that city capitulated, the Sixth marched with Sherman to the sea and up through the Carolinas, after which it proceeded to Washington and took part in the Grand Review in May, 1865. It was mustered out at Louisville, Kentucky, July 21, 1865. 

Seventh Infantry 

Lee County was represented in nine of the ten companies composing this regiment. John Strickland enlisted in Company A, but was transferred to Company B, in which Silas E. Mills also served as a private; Thomas Gibson and Milton McNeill were privates in Company C; Companies D and E were organized in Lee County; in Company F were Patrick Devereaux, Edward R. Doolittle, Thomas Dunn, Warren Kinney and Alexander Norris; Allen D. Cameron was mustered in as captain of Company H and afterward became adjutant of the regiment; Livingston North served in Company I, and Charles D. White and Moses York in Company K. 

The commissioned officers of Company D at the time of muster in were as follows: James P. Harper, captain; James B. Sample, first lieutenant; Daniel F. Bowler, second lieutenant. Captain Harper was afterward appointed lieutenant-colonel of the First Tennessee Heavy Artillery, and Lieutenant Bowler was made adjutant of the regiment on August 31, 1861, in which capacity he served until captured at the Battle of Belmont the following November. 

Of the non-commissioned officers, Benjamin B. Gale, Charles Webster, Joseph B. Morrison, William G. Ray and Benjamin Thomas were mustered in as sergeants, and Jones B. Bonney, George M. Martin, George T. Claypoole, Joseph Durfee, John Wolgamuth and James D. Hamilton as corporals. Sergeants Gale and Morrison and Corporal Hamilton each rose to the rank of captain at some period of the company's service. 

Privates — Samuel J. Atlee, William R. Berry, William F. Blanchard, Sylvanus Bonnell, Charles Brown, Calvin B. Cowles (promoted corporal), Elijah F. Cowles, John Cunningham, ThomasCunningham, Joseph Denny, Conrad Eitzer, Isaac C. Fortney, John W. Fye, George Gebel, William P. Griffith, Nicholas Gross (promoted corporal), Jacob Gutteman, John Heiser, Philip Heiser, John D. Huff, E. D. Ingersoll, Hiram Ingersoll, Oliver Johnston, Christian Jotter, John Knight, I. J. Knight, Alexander Krieger, Charles Lewis, Amos Logan, John Logan, John Lutz, Alvin McNeill, Luther P. McNeill, Valentine C. McVey, Weit T. McVey, Frank Malcom, Joseph Miller, James Montgomery, Dennis A. Morrison, William B. Phillips, Henry J. Pickard, William E. Pickard, William H. Powell, William H. Quarterman, James M. Racey, Francis M. Redding, Jacob Risser, Henry Rogers, George Rollett, John Schiller, John J. Schmelzle, Jefferson Scott, William Seguin, Hoog Sheldon, George H. Smith, Andrew Somerville, Henry C. Steele, Christian Strine, Mahlon Votaw, Des Moines L. Wilson, Henry Wolbert, Charles L. Wood, Jacob Young. 

In Company E, James C. Parrott was mustered in as captain; Curtis F. Conn, as first lieutenant, and Andrew J. Mefford, as sec-ond lieutenant. The sergeants were James L. Bess, John McCormick, Nathaniel Reed, Charles O. Bleness and Clayton Hart. The corporals were George E. Humphrey, Thomas J. Pollard (promoted sergeant), George W. Diggs, Thomas W. Taylor, William H. Van- sant and Morrison Zuber. Sergeant Bess was promoted second lieutenant on November 22, 1861, and on January 22, 1864, Sergeant Reed was transferred to the First Tennessee Heavy Artillery. Ser- geant McCormick became captain of the company on August 4, 1864. 

Privates — Abner Allison, Henry W. Babcock, John C. Baldwin, Harmon Birdsall, Isaac Bunch, Parker D. Burnap, Jonathan Chandler, Joseph Chenoweth, Robert Criswell, Franklin Danford, William H. Dedman, William C. Dove, David W. Duncan, Montreville Fannin, John Finney, Joseph Godeard, Alexander Halickson, Birdsell Harmon, William Harmon, Alonzo P. Hart, Francis N. Hayden, George B. Hayden, Peter A. Heiney, John W. Hicks, John E. Johnston, John W. Jones, John Lesly, John W. McCormick, Henry W. McDonegal, Charles McCoy, James Magee, Peter M. Miles, John Morgan, Thaddeus S. Perrigo, William H. Perrigo (promoted corporal), Henry Pipkin, Stephen Polcer, Nathan W. Pollock, Thomas D. Purcell, Henry C. Rickey, John Rollins, Homer Rose, Israel Rose, Hiram W. Russell, William W. Sapp (promoted sergeant and adjutant of the regiment), Hiram H. Savage, Joseph Selvey, Theodore Shepherd, William Shepherd, Charles S. Sherman, Albert Scholte, James Spratt, George T. Stewart, Earl Stockwell, Frank T. Taylor, Henry H. Taylor (promoted corporal), Walter D. Taylor, Alonzo B. Van Ausdal, David Wareheim, Randolph H. Waters, Edward White, William G. White, Thomas Williford, Henry H. Wilson (promoted sergeant), John W. Weyrick, Charles B. Wolfenbarger, James T. Woodruff. 

The Seventh Infantry was mustered in at Burlington on August 2, 1861, with Jacob G. Lauman as colonel, and soon afterward was ordered to Benton Barracks, St. Louis. It was then engaged at Pilot Knob, Ironton and other points in Missouri, and as part of Prentiss' Brigade occupied Jackson and Cape Girardeau. It participated in the Battle of Belmont, the campaign against Forts Henry and Donel- son and the Battle of Shiloh. Colonel Lauman having been promoted to brigadier-general, Captain Parrott, of Company E, was made lieutenant-colonel and commanded the regiment at Shiloh. It next operated in Mississippi until ordered to join General Sherman for the Atlanta campaign, after which it took part in the march to the sea, the Carolina campaign and the Grand Review at Washington. It was mustered out at Louisville, Kentucky, July 14, 1865. 

Fourteenth Infantry

In Company D of the Fourteenth Infantry were twenty-five men from Lee County. John S. Agey was mustered as first sergeant and on January i, 1863, was promoted to captain. Thomas H. Childs enlisted as a sergeant and on August 18, 1862, was transferred for promotion to the colored regiment. The following served as privates: Felix Atkinson, John Campbell, William O. Childs, Augus- tus Christian, William Creel, James Deniver, Cyrus Deo, John Deo, Theophilus Downs, Nelson P. Duffy, Peter Ebe, Henry C. Graham, Nathan Heald, James Hixon, David L. Houser, John A. Keeler, Andrew J. Loomis, John McCullough, Augustus Morte, Thomas Spurrier, Peter B. Taylor, John H. Thomas and George H. Winters. 

The regiment was mustered in by companies in the latter part of October and the first week in November, 1861. Some of the companies first mustered were on duty at Fort Randall, North Dakota, until the regimental organization was completed under Col. William T. Shaw, a veteran of the Mexican war. It then took part in the reduction of Forts Henry and Donelson, was actively engaged at Shiloh, and after a varied service in Alabama and Mississippi joined General Banks for the Red River expedition in the spring of 1864. Later in the year it was assigned to Gen. A. J. Smith's command and returned to Tennessee. The regiment was mustered out on November 16, 1864, at Davenport, Iowa, when the veterans and recruits were organized into a battalion. In the reorganized Fourteenth Thomas B. Beach was first lieutenant of Company B; Evan J. Dobbins served as corporal in the same company, and Theophilus Downs, Jackson Miller and Peter B. Taylor were enrolled as pri- vates. The battalion was mustered out at Davenport, August 8, 1865. 

Fifteenth Infantry

This regiment was raised under the call of July, 1861, for 500,- 000 volunteers, and was mustered in at Keokuk on February 22, 1862, with Hugh T. Reid, solonel; William W. Belknap, major; William H. Burnham, surgeon ; John C. Johnson, assistant surgeon, and Henry T. Felgar, hospital steward. All these regimental officers were from Lee County. A large part of Companies A, E and I was raised in the county, which was also represented in Companies B, C, D, F, H and K. 

In Company A none of the commissioned officers was from Lee County at the time of muster in, but on December 22, 1864, Roger B. Kellogg, who enlisted as a private, was commissioned captain of the company; William C. Hershberger, who enlisted as a private, was promoted to second lieutenant on January 4, 1865, and Sergt. George W. Walker was made a second lieutenant in the regular army in February, 1862. Following is a list of privates of Company A: 

David W. Burke, John Diller, William Draper, William E. Elsroad (promoted corporal), William B. Finley, Patrick Foley, Charles Gift, James Hart, David Helmick, Andrew J. Hughes,John D. Moon, Nathan Morgan, Amos Newberry, Patrick Norton, Henry A. Palmer, Henry Payne, Daniel Reid, Dirk Rhynsburger, John B. Sims, James Smith, John Smith, Charles E. Stant, William H. Thompson. 

John C. Brush enlisted as a corporal in Company B and on February 2, 1863, was promoted to second lieutenant. In this company John Fett, John Klay, John S. Oakley and John P. Polser served as privates. 

In Company C Edgar T. Miller was commissioned captain on July 4, 1862, having been transferred from Company I, and George Keasling and John F. Woolkitt served as privates. 

Six Lee County men were enrolled in Company D, to-wit: John Angell, Burnett Devolt, Jacob Goodman, William McDowell, George Trump and John Weaver. 

Company E was mustered in with Richard W. Hutchcraft as captain; Don Carlos Hicks, who enlisted as a corporal, was promoted to second lieutenant in October, 1864; Perry A. Enslow was enrolled as sergeant, and the corporals were William Clark, John J. Wilson, Melvin Sweet, Jarrod W. Fouts and Solomon Holcomb. 

Privates — Willis G. Addington, William M. Arnold, Charles L. Barnum, John Bowen, William G. Buck, William Burk, William D. Carver, Elkanah D. Chandler, Sylvester Chapman, Robert Clark, David Coovert, Benjamin Crawford, Charles Dufur, Howard Elmore, James Gillham, Silas Grove, John H. Helmick, James J. Henderson, Robert Herdman, Hiram H. Hicks, John Inskeep, William M. McCray, William Miller, George McTore, John L. Mothers- head, Christopher Orm, Jonathan F. Orm, Oliver 'Orm, Robert Orm, William Peterson, John W. Pierce, William H. Sellers, August Smith, William P. Smith, William Stewart, Benjamin Talbert, Daniel S. Taylor, George B. Thompson, Andrew Wareheim, Robert Wilson, Jesse M. Wright. James Arnold, Samuel Campbell, Charles Dillon, James Kelly, Joseph Roynes and Edward Whalin served as privates in Company F, and Loren Tyler was a musician in Company H. 

At the time Company I was mustered in Lloyd D. Simpson was captain and James M. Reid, first lieutenant. Henry Scheevers, who enlisted as a sergeant, became second lieutenant on April 22, 1863, Captain Simpson having resigned and Lieutenant Reid was placed in command of the company as captain. The sergeants from Lee County were Henry Scheevers, James R. Williams and William L. Watson, and the corporals were Isaac N. Hewitt, Hassell Rambo, Benjamin F. Keck and Daniel W. Johnson. 

Privates — Patrick Bain, Henry Batterman, Thomas W. Berry, Daniel Buckley, William Buss, Elkanah Chandler, William Copeaker, Solsbery Davis, James Doyle, Archibald D. Eads, Daniel T. Feagins, Patrick Flynn, David Goldsmith, Thor Halverson, George Hutchinson, Henry Kennedy, George H. Lee, John Luder, John Morgan, James Murphy, Edward Odinburg, Solomon O'Haver, Asa B. Parker, Richard T. Persinger, Joseph N. Rees, Joseph Richard, Adam A. Rodgers, Robert Scheevers, Herman V. Vanderwall, William Ward, John White, William H. White. 

In Company K were Corporal James G. Shipley and Privates Archibald Christian, William A. Gibson, Enoch Hastings, Daniel Urmstead and Alvin Westcott. 

The regiment left Keokuk on March 19, 1862, moved by way of St. Louis to Pittsburg Landing, Tennessee, and received its baptism of fire in the Battle of Shiloh, where as part of Prentiss' division it was in the thickest of the fight, losing 186 men in killed, wounded and missing, and its flag was riddled with bullets. It was next in the Siege of Corinth and was engaged at Bolivar, Mississippi. In 1863 it t00 ^ P art m tne Siege of Vicksburg and the next year was in many of the engagements of the Atlanta campaign. Those whose time had expired were mustered out at Chattanooga, Tennessee, October 19, 1864, and the veterans marched with Sherman to the sea. Then followed the campaign of the Carolinas and the Grand Review at Washington, after which the regiment was ordered to Louisville, Kentucky, and there mustered out on July 24, 1865. Colonel Reid was promoted brigadier-general on March 13, 1863, and on March 13, 1 861;, Major Belknap was brevetted major-general, both promotions being made "for gallant and meritorious services." 

Sixteenth Infantry
 
The organization of this regiment began late in the year 1861 and the last companies were mustered in on March 12, 1862, at Davenport. Henry D. Huy was enrolled in Company B, James N. Marsh and Amos Sniff in Company F, Theodore Fridricia and Patrick M. McLaughlin in Company G, and there were twenty-eight Lee County men in Company K. 

In the last named company Michael Zettler was mustered in as captain and died of wounds received at Shiloh; George Frenun and Wilhelm Bucholz were enrolled as sergeants; William Stackman, Christian Ulrich and Christian Strein, as corporals. On June 2, 1865, Corporal Stackman was commissioned captain. The following served as privates in Company K: Henry Brimelsick, Peter Distel, John Eitzer, John Gost, Karl Haager, David Hanschild, Herman Hayn, George Herold, Jacob Hindscher, Frederick Kudebeh, Mathias Lentner, Peter Maushund, Nichlaus Pierris, Herman Schmidt, Anton Schmiltker, Philip Schoene, David Seguin, Her- man Smith, John Stopperer, John Stopperer, Jr., Fritz Ulrich, John A. Wiederholt. 

The regiment left Davenport on March 20, 1862, and proceeded via St. Louis to Pittsburg Landing, where it arrived soon after the Battle of Shiloh had commenced. It was soon actively engaged and, although the men were raw recruits, they conducted themselves in a way to draw forth honorable mention from the commanders. From that time the services of the regiment were similar to those of the Fifteenth above mentioned. It was mustered out at Louisville, Kentucky, July 19, 1865. 

Seventeenth Infantry

This regiment was mustered in at Keokuk on April 16, 1862, with John W. Rankin of that city as colonel; David B. Hillis, of Keokuk, lieutenant-colonel; Southwick Guthrie, of Fort Madison, adjutant; and Edwin J. Aldrich, of Montrose, as quartermaster. Guthrie resigned as adjutant in March, 1862, and was succeeded by Fletcher Woolsey, who was also from Lee County. 

John L. Young was mustered in as captain of Company A; Richard James was a sergeant in the same company, in which Charles W. Boyles, William Davidson, Nathaniel Tuttle and Thomas Wilson served as privates. 

The greater part of Company B was recruited in Lee County. Edwin J. Aldrich was mustered in as first lieutenant and promoted to regimental quartermaster two days later; Henry D. Nuse, second lieutenant, was promoted to first lieutenant on the same date; Alexander M. Charters and David Lakin also served as first lieutenant; Daniel W. Tower, John Watts and Littleton W. Huston, as second lieutenants, the last named being promoted captain on December n, 1862. The names of Adolphus Johnson, Francis H. Busby, George D. Sprague and Alonzo Diggs appear on the muster roll as ser- geants, and Charles G. Wild, Lewis C. Hampton, Samuel S. Patten, George W. Dundy, Joseph W. Aitkins, John D. Williams and John M. Burns were corporals. 

Privates — Alanson D. Aldrich, Charles F. Blair, Frederick J. Bond, Elihu G. Burns, Nicholas C. Campbell, Alonzo F. M. Church, Leonard W. Cook, Ezra Davis, Jedediah D. Doty, William H. Gardiner, William M. Gibson, David J. M. Haughton, Mark Hevener, James A. Horton, Israel Huffman, Francis M. Jones, John A. Little, Jefferson M. Link, David Louderback, Elijah Moore, Edward Murphy, Josiah Ray, Samuel T. Reese, Esquire C. Showers, Thomas J. Simpson, George L. Talbott, Reuben Tucker, Samuel Wolcott, Uriah Wooding, William W. Wooding. 

Company C, the greater part of which was from Le'e County, was mustered in with Sampson M. Archer as captain; Henry Newton, first lieutenant; Samuel Pickard, second lieutenant; Luther F. McNeal, Philip Inden, Lewis R. Parker and Martin Stapleton, ser- geants; John Shellman, William H. McCumber, Albert Weaver, Jesse Nokes, John H. Berryhill and Thomas D. Hardin, corporals. Captain Archer was promoted to the colonelcy of the regiment a few weeks before the final muster out. Lieutenant Newton, Sergeant McNeal and Private Thomas Mitchell each served as captain at some period of the company's service, and Sergeant Stapleton was promoted to second lieutenant. 

Privates — Alexander Bailey, Wansley Baker, Julius Bates (promoted corporal), Lewis R. Bissell, Hardin Bundy, David W. Burke, Hodney Coates, William L. Distin, John Douglas, Stephen J. Gesford, David N. Gorgas, James G. Green, Samuel F. Hayes, John Heites, Noah Hockman, James A. Horton, Schuyler M. Horton (promoted corporal), George Huffman, Joseph D. Hummer, John F. Jackson, Andre Leffler, George Leffler, Frederick Leonhard (promoted corporal), Thomas Lorimer, Thomas McMahan, Willam H. McPherson (promoted corporal), Christopher G. Mitchell, Thomas Mitchell (promoted captain), Charles Phillips, Hezekiah Ramsey, Silas Ramsey, Joseph N. Ruse, David G. Scroggs, John Sears, George W. Slacks, Frederick Spencer, Daniel Spencer, William H. T. Sumner, William M. Sweezy, Ethan Thorns, William Vandyke, Richard Wadden, Cyrenus H. Watson, James White, Philip Woodmansee, Squire Worrell (promoted corporal), Franz Ziegenbein. 

In Company D, Addison A. Stuart was mustered in as first lieutenant and was afterward promoted to captain; Moses S. Pettengill enlisted as first sergeant; James Hammond and Lewis D. Haigh as corporals; Alfred C. Craney and Jacob Botaw as musicians, and the following privates were credited to Lee County: James J. Atherton, Philip H. Bollinger, Edward P. Bradley, Henry A. Brown, Edward T. Ing, Gilbert D. Phelps, Sylvester Trout and William R. Van Hyning. 

John H. Tammen was mustered in as second lieutenant of Company H and was promoted to first lieutenant in April, 1863. William Vansteenwyck enlisted as a sergeant and John J. Phillips as a musician in the same company. 

Forty-three Lee County men were enrolled in Company I. William Edwards was mustered in as first lieutenant; Phineas Inskeep, second lieutenant; John Inskeep, James Code, Silas N. Sawyer, Houston Smith and Patrick Martin, sergeants; James Gallagher, Thomas F. Enslow, William C. Porter, John Kern and Playford Gregg, corporals, and Charles H. Cannon, musician. 

Privates — Andrew J. Applegate, Conrad Balbach, Charles K. Baldwin, Sylvanus Baldwin, Peter Brown, Nicholas Bugh, Henry Crickburn, James Forsythe, James Gilham, Samuel Glasford, John Grindle, Matthias Harvey, James F. Lein, John Leslie, John Little, George W. Lyon, John M. Lyon, Courtland W. Miller, Nimrod Milleson, Nathan J. Morgan, Barnadus B. Ramsey, William W. Roberts, Benjamin Stephenson, Lewis Stephenson (promoted second lieutenant), John P. Stephenson, John H. Thompson, James B. Vail, David Waggoner, Joseph C. Whitaker (promoted captain). 

Sylvanus E. Hicks was commissioned captain of Company K the day the regiment was mustered in; Charles M. Griffith was then made first lieutenant; Thomas Beechler, Frank Orm and William T. Carpenter were mustered as sergeants; George Simmons, David Orr, David Brown, John C. Robinson and Jeptha Ackley, as corporals; and the following were enrolled as privates: Charles K. Baldwin, William G. Buck, John T. Cannon, Charles L. Carpenter, George Dougherty, John Fleming, James C. Halterman, Robert Johnson, George Leffler, Bernard McQuillon, Bartholomew Noel, John O'Neill, Hiram Sherwood, Charles E. Staub. 

Three days after the regiment was mustered in, it left Keokuk for St. Louis and soon afterward joined the army in front of Corinth, Mississippi. After the Battle of Iuka it was ordered to Vicksburg and was actively engaged in the Battle of Champion's Hill. Vicksburg surrendered on July 4, 1863, when the regiment was ordered to Helena, Arkansas, and was on duty there until early in the fall, when it was assigned to Fifteenth Army Corps, commanded by Gen. W. T. Sherman. It joined the corps at Memphis, Tennessee, marched to Chattanooga, was engaged in the military operations about that city, particularly the Battle of Missionary Ridge, and was then engaged for a time in guarding the Atlantic & Western Railroad. From the spring of 1864 to the close of the war it was with General Sherman and its history during that period is materially that of the Fifteenth Iowa Infantry already described. It was mustered out at Louisville, Kentucky, July 25, 1865. 

Nineteenth Infantry

Lewis M. Sloanaker, of Lee County, was mustered in as assistant surgeon of this regiment on August 23, 1862, and was afterward promoted surgeon. Companies A and E were raised in Lee County. The commissioned officers of Company A at the time of muster in were as follows: John Bruce, captain; Thomas L. Spratt, first lieutenant; Norvill Powell, second lieutenant. Captain Bruce was promoted major in December, 1862, when Lieutenant Spratt became captain, and a short time before the regiment was mustered out Bruce became colonel. Lieutenant Powell was transferred to Company E, of which he became captain in August, 1864. 

The sergeants of the company when it entered the service were: William Ballinger (promoted second lieutenant) ; Eugene L. Knight, John L. Schraeder and Benjamin F. Mclntyre (promoted first lieutenant). Hiram W. Snyder, Bruce W. Cotten, Timothy 

F. Phillips, Edmond A. Dickey, Charles H. Judd, and Oscar G. Burch were the corporals. 

Privates — Howell G. Adell, John T. Adell, David G. Anderson (promoted corporal), Robert C.Anderson, Byron E. Andrews, James M. Avis, Julien Ballard, Albert Bane, John Best, Lewis N. Beucler, John M. Boyer, Lewis M. Boyer, John T. Chambers (promoted corporal), Isaac N. Clark, Samuel Cole, James M. Coleman, Joseph Cooper, Jacob Frederick, Benjamin F. Gaines, John M. Gaines, Isaac M. Glassford, William Glassford, Jacob Haisch, William Harrison, Elmore Heaton, George Hoffman, John Howard, Harri- son Jones, Isaac Jones, Philip Jones, James H. Huffman, David A. Lakin, Peter Lambert, Thomas Laughery, Daniel C. Lemming, George W. Link, William S. McCulley, Patrick McManis, William H. McVeigh, Thomas J. Marshall, Henry A. Montgomery, Frederick Parks, Thomas F. Parhan, Frederick A. N. Pearce, Alexander Quary, John W. Reeves, Thomas Rellihan, Bendie Reumer, Daniel Rider, Henry Rider, Andrew J. Riley, David A. Robertson, Jacob Root, Charles W. Sackman, Christian Schmidt, Conrad Shaefer, Andrew Sheets, Eli Sheets, John Simmons, Harmon Sortwell, William Spain, James Sproat, Samuel M. Stephenson, John P. Stephen- son, William Stuart, Alexander M. Taylor, Charles W. Towner, Jasper Trimble, James Utley, William T. Utley, Jesse W. Webb, Joseph White, David A. Wilkins, David Wise, Charles Wright. 

Company E was mustered in with William Adams as captain; William H. Gill, first lieutenant; Samuel B. Guernsey, second lieu- tenant; William Walker (promoted first lieutenant), Charles E. Gibbs, George E. Hardwick, John S. Kirk and Thomas Wilde, sergeants; James E. Henderson, James M. Layton, Cullen H. Angel, Charles A. Vice, Elisha Ricketts and James W. McClure, corporals; Marshall Whinnery and Sylvanus L. Scott, musicians; William Green, wagoner. 

Privates — William H. Arnold, John C. Bonnell (promoted first lieutenant), John Bressler, Samuel Bressler, Stephen M. Bricker, Nathaniel Brockway, Samuel W. Campbell, Thomas C. Chambers, Oliver G. B. Cline, John Cochrane (promoted corporal), James R. Crossley, James Deighton, Asaph C. Dewey, George H. Dewey, Slyvester Dye, Adam Eckhart, Edwin Everett, Francis E. Farley, Henry J. Ferguson, Joseph A. Ferrell, Jacob Fitter,William T. Gray, Thomas F. Green, Martin C. Hall, Alem H. Hampton, Eli W. Hampton, Caleb C. Haskins, Joseph M. Hewitt, Elisha B. Hitchcock (promoted sergeant), James E. Houghland, William D. Houghland (promoted corporal), Elias James, William Johnson, William C. Kent, Benjamin Kinion, William R. Kinion, Jesse B. Knight, Charles E. Liddle, George A. Liddle, Ebenezer Linn, William H. H. McCabe, John McCannon, Jefferson R. McKaig, Thomas McOlgan, Edward Mallett, John H. Mallett, Nelson Mallett, John J. Marsell, George Martin, Thomas J. Matlock, Gideon Miller, James Montgomery, Edward Mooney, Abraham Morgan, Henry Morgan, Samuel Munsey, James S. Murray, Charles Nave,

Mather Newby, Charles C. Paulk, John A. Peasley, Howard Pennington, Decatur Pittman, John J. Potter, Henry Rhodes (promoted corporal), Matthew L. Roberson, Samuel H. Rogers, Henry Sarr, Francis H. Semple, William H. Semple, Frank Sherwood, Abner S. Smally, Charles M. Smally, William J. Smally, Edwin D. Smith, Franklin D. Snell, Jasper N. Southard, John Starke, Edward Stern, Joseph A. Street, Fielder Taylor, Albert Thompson, Milton Thompson, William A. Thompson, William Thrush, Daniel R. Tracy, Patrick Walch, William H. Walker, John Wallace, William Wilkins, John Yager. 

Oscar J. Burch, who enlisted as corporal in Company A, was transferred to Company G, of which he became first lieutenant, and was mustered out as sergeant major. In that company the following privates were credited to Lee County: William T. Alley, William Allen, George Gilmore and Edward Pennington. John Kelley served in Company I, and Benjamin E. Lee in Company K. 

The Nineteenth was mustered in at Keokuk on August 23, 1862, and ten days later was ordered to St. Louis. After being engaged at Rolla and Cassville, it was attached to Herron's Division, Army of the Border, and was in the Battles of Prairie Grove and Van Buren, Arkansas. It was then ordered to join General Grant's army and took part in the siege and capture of Vicksburg. For a time it was then on duty in Texas; was then sent to Florida, and, after being stationed at Pensacola for a few weeks, aided in the reduction of Mobile. It was mustered out at Mobile on July 10, 1865, an( ^ was disbanded at Davenport on the 1st of August. 

Twenty-Fifth Infantry

This regiment was organized under the call of July 2, 1862, and was mustered in at Mount Pleasant on September 27, 1862, with George A. Stone as colonel. Part of Company C was raised in Lee County. Josephus W. Brush was second lieutenant; Francis M. Dougherty and Louis Wickersham, sergeants; Fred W. Millard, George Benn, Nelson Heading and Edward V. Cox, corporals; John B. Welpton, musician; and Andrew H. Dyer, wagoner. 

Privates — Franklin Allen, George W. Anthony, Robert Anthony, Dennis Baragery, John Bowman, Samuel T. Bundy, Abner Clark, Jr., George W. Cooper, Le Roy Dorman, George F. Hayward, John W. Heading, Isaac W. Henkle, John L. Hinson, Isaac Little, William H. Longcor, William Mattox, William Myer, Harrison S. Poulson, John L. Ritchie, William H. Short, Hiram Sweet, George W. Taylor, Elihu Weeks, James W. West, Robert R. Westfall, Daniel Wood, Nathan Wood. 

In Company D were Benjamin Babb, John Cranmer, Luther Cranmer and Napoleon B. Eggleston. 

Early in November, 1862, the regiment was ordered to Helena, Arkansas, where it joined the White River expedition. Then, as part of the Second Brigade, Hovey's Division, Fifteenth Army Corps, it took part in the engagements at Chickasaw Bayou and Arkansas Post. It then formed part of General Steele's forces in the expedition to Greenville, Mississippi, after which it was on duty in Louisiana until the beginning of the Vicksburg campaign. After the fall of Vicksburg, it took part in the Battle of Jackson, then moved to Tennessee and was engaged in the Battle of Lookout Mountain. In the spring of 1864 it joined General Sherman's army and was engaged in numerous actions incident to the Atlanta campaign. Then came the march to the sea, the Carolina campaign, the Grand Review at Washington, and was there mustered out on June 6, 1865. 

Thirtieth Infantry

On September 23, 1862, the Thirtieth Infantry was mustered in at Keokuk, with William M. G. Torrence, of Lee County, as lieutenant-colonel. Col. Charles H. Abbott was killed at Vicksburg on May 22, 1863, and Lieutenant-Colonel Torrence was promoted to the colonelcy. John W. Bond was regimental surgeon and James H. Clendening served as adjutant and sergeant major. Companies A and I were recruited in Lee County, and there were a few men from the county in other companies of the regiment. 

Company A was mustered in with Rufus Goodnough, captain; William M. Stimpson, first lieutenant; Henry Montgomery, second lieutenant; Henderson C. Hall, Ezra G. Clark, Lewis I. Adams and Thomas Powell, sergeants; Thomas Berry, Charles F. Riffley, Albert Gillespie, Charles W. Armor, Samuel L. Boyd, John G. Wood and Wilson Horn, corporals; Samuel H. Moore and Joseph Bowdwyn, musicians; Alexander Nichols, wagoner. 

Privates — Thomas Adams, James Aden, William C. Andrews, Edwin Astle, Albert G. Baker, Isaac H. Ball, Jasper N. Ballou, Asa Bishop, Solomon Bishop, William S. Brown, Hiram M. Carter, John Church, James Collins, Hiram Collins, Thomas Conn, Ephraim Cooper, Thomas Cooper, Wilson Cooper, Charles Crague, James P. Dodson, James R. Donahue, Samuel Ezell, Harvey Ferrell, Icha- bod B. GifTord, John Gilbridge, James Griffin, William W. Grimes, George D. Harmon, Lewis A. Hawk, Andrew Henagle, Lewis Hewitt, Archibald Hook, Benjamin Horton, Abraham Hoss, James Junkins, James Kelldew, Israel C. Kirkpatrick, Philip Knauf, Harry Lang (promoted corporal), Charles Lipper, Jimerson Long, Peter Luxen, Patrick McDonnell (promoted corporal), Sylvester May- hew, Harrison Miller, Wilkerson Mulligan, Malachi Murphy, William Murphy, John B. Myers, John Nelson, Reason Penrod, John Ray, Oliver H. P. Reed, Rufus C. Reid, Jacob Rempe, William M. Robinson, Thomas Ryan, Timothy M. Scranton, William Sheldon, Wendell Shelley, Nephi Shumate, John Slinglund, Charles Smith, James Snedaker, Daniel L. Sodergreen, John J. Spain, Um- bleton Spain, Edgar D. Stoddard, John A. Taylor, David Trotter, Richard Vanosdol, John O. Weese, William West, Henry Wild, Thomas Winn, Jacob Wisler, George Wolcott, Thomas Wright. 

Charles J. Maginnis was mustered in as captain of Company D, but resigned on February 3, 1863, and was succeeded by William Dixon, who enlisted as a sergeant. Daniel J. Hossleton served as sergeant in this company; Cyrus W. Hamilton, as corporal; Edward Denmire, wagoner, and the following privates were from Lee County : Charles Barry, George Bower, James Cane, John Carnahan, William H. Chandler, Clark Colvin, James H. Dimond, Nelson Knutzen, Andrew McMarlin, John D. Nash, Simeon Stockwell, Edward Shields, Alfred Shepard. 

James P. Newell was mustered in as first lieutenant and Robert E. Drake as a private in Company F, being the only two men in the company credited to Lee County. 

The commissioned officers of Company I were: Uley Burk, captain; William L. Alexander, first lieutenant; Edwin M. Dean, second lieutenant — all from West Point. Captain Burk resigned in September, 1863; Lieutenant Alexander became captain; Edwin M. Dean was promoted to first lieutenant. The sergeants were Prescott E. Ballard, John McKibben, Jonas A. Eaton, Charles Wolf and Levi Steele. James Harvey, Jesse McCarmon, Jacob Ash, James Stevens, John W. Jolly, George C. Shedd and Samuel Barnes were enrolled as corporals; Reuben Sperry, Francis M. Crawford and Watson Trowbridge, as musicians, and Fenton Becraft, as wagoner. 

Privates — James H. Allison, Edwin M. Andrews, George Ault, Joseph Bonser, Andrew J. Bramer, William Buchanan, George Byram, George Cooper, William A. Cross, Michael Cunningham, Henry Diedrich (promoted corporal), Timothy Dewire, James M. Edwards, Joseph Farley, Thomas Foreman, Jacob Fye, Andrew M. Gay,Samuel Gay, Benjamin Green, William C. Gregg, Lemuel Harress, Philip Helmick, Henry Herbert, David Hoffman, James Hoffman, Levi Hosier, Henry A. Hoss, John Johnson, Daniel Jones (promoted corporal), Sylvester Jones, Lewis B. Keeler (promoted first lieu- tenant), John Klinefelter, Joseph Lawrence, George McCaffey, William McCannon, William S. McCord, Lewis J. McCoy, Alvin McNeil, Samuel M. Marsh, Thomas Morgan, John Morrison, James Mullen, Samuel Murphy, William D. Murray, William Peckham, George W. Pomeroy, Charles T. Porterfield, Lozier Pruden, Joseph Rickshear, Deighton Roberts, James Ruark, Andrew J. Sellers, George Sellers, Abram Sharp, Frank Sharp, Jacob Shears, Heinrich Sholtz, George W. Snook, Frank Snyder, Samuel W. Southard, Hamlin Starkey, Frank Starr, Daniel Storms, George Storms, David M. Thompson, Martin V. Warson, Ira E. Whitcomb, Alfred Wilder, Thomas J. Wright. 

The regiment left Keokuk on October 25, 1862, for St. Louis. After its arrival in that city it was ordered to Helena, Arkansas, and its history throughout the entire period of its service is almost identical with that of the Twenty-fifth Regiment, previously given. It was mustered out at Washington, D. C, June 5, 1865. 

Thirty-Seventh Infantry

The Thirty-seventh was called the "Graybeard Regiment," having been composed of men over the age limit for military duty, many of whom had grandsons in the army. It was mustered in at Muscatine on December 15, 1862, with George W. Kincaid as colonel.  Company C was organized in Lee County and was mustered in with Joel A. Hall, first lieutenant and Reid L. Barnum, second lieutenant. On January 3, 1863, Lieutenant Hall was promoted to the captaincy and commanded the company during the remainder of its service. Hiram M. Roberts, George Krampeter, John Alexander and Benjamin Walden were the sergeants; David Seamands, Lewis G. Kennedy, Daniel B. Johnson, David Garrett, Thomas C. Ware, Edward Sleigh and Jonathan Oliver, corporals; John Sivel and Matthew Stein, musicians, and Daniel D. Bishop, wagoner. 

Privates — James T. Blair, John Briley, Gorrin H. Carr, Jackson Chapman, Lemuel Cooper, Warrick M. Cosgrove, Michael Costello, Michael Curtayne, Williamson Dawson, Samuel Farrell, Jared N. Goddard, William T. Gully, John Hargin, John Harmon, William Harris, George Householder, William Howard, Silas Hub- bard, Andrew J. Hughes, David Jennings, Reuben Knowles, Charles Koons, William Lewis, John W. Lyon, William L. McCready, Alexander McGreer, Horace V. Mann, John H. Mackie, William Newsome, John Nottage, Noah Paulk, John Peterson, John O. Petrie, William Porter, Jacob Richards, William Sanders, John W. ScherfT, Thomas H. Scott, Thomas J. Scott, William Shepherd, John Sherman, John Sherrick (promoted corporal), Davis Smith, John Starke, John Stephenson, William H. Sutherland, Joseph W. Taylor, John Watts, Nelson White, Absalom Wingett, Daniel B. Woodmansee, David Wright. 

Kinsman D. Cranmer was enrolled as sergeant and John Deeds as a private in Company G; Henry Fahey, Samuel Farrell and John Hargin as privates in Company H; Thomas Moore was corporal in Company I, in which the following were enrolled as privates: John Appel, James H. Alexander, Adam Byram and David Rumbaugh. 

Owing to the age of the members, the regiment was employed chiefly in guard duty at the St.' Louis Arsenal and by detachments elsewhere. During its entire term of service it lost but three men killed in action and four wounded. It was mustered out at Davenport, Iowa, May 24, 1865. 

Forty-Fifth Infantry

When the campaigns opened in the spring of 1864, a call was issued for several regiments in different states to serve for 100 days. One of these was the Forty-fifth Iowa Infantry, which was mustered in at Keokuk on May 25, 1864, and was composed chiefly of young men, many of them being under twenty-one years of age. Lee County was represented in five companies of the regiment. 

Company C was mustered in with Campbell K. Peck, captain; David B. Hamill, first lieutenant; John L. Day, second lieutenant; Edmund H. Jones, William H. Barrell, John N. Irwin, James Vincent and Willis C. Cooke, sergeants; George M. Hoffla^ George P. Durkee, Andrew LeFevre, Ephraim M. Ingersoll, Antoine Lefaivre, William Collier, Calvitte C. Thompson and John C. Jeffries, cor- porals; John C. Fry and George W. Peters, musicians, and Samuel B. Gafford, wagoner. 

Privates — James R. Anderson, Constantine S. Bassett, Napoleon B. Bong, David Bozarth, John Brady, William Brady, Rezin Bridges, Eugene E. Bronson, Arthur G. Buck, Asaph Buck, Joseph Buryan, Edward S. Carter, Frederick Caisser, James T. Cooney, George H. Corwine, Simeon C. Crane, Edward G. Creel, John S. Devon, Edward A. Diggs, James B. Diver, George H. Fairchild, Patrick H. Finerty, William Fletcher, Charles F. Foster, James I. Fry, John P. Gleason, James Griffin, John W. Griffith, John H. Hamel, George N. Hart, Lewis Headley, Lewis Hedden, Charles S. Higham, William Hoeter, Samuel L. Howell, Jerry Jacob, George C. Johnston, Alphonzo Jones, Jacob Jones, Michael Kelcher, August Kellmer, George Knaggs, Charles H. Lane, Samuel N. Lane, Peter Lemaster, Charles H. Lee, George B. Leonard, Swan Lind, Elijah Luke, Isaac F. Lyman, Oscar Messick, William Millis. Lycurgus Rickey, Frederick Rudd, Charles Sellers, David I. Smith, James Smith, Norman L. Smith, Myron H. Stockwell, Daniel T. Summers, Henry A. Taylor, John Tomlinson, Simon Vogel, Paul Wallet, Lewis Weyand, Samuel White, Leopold W. Zindel. 

In Company E. Albert C. Smith was mustered in as first lieutenant; Asa Culver, second lieutenant; James Kennedy, Jacob G. Heaton, John F. Liddle and Edmund A. Dickey, sergeants; Louis G. Kiel, William Thornburg, Jeptha S. Miller, Jonathan Coffindaffer, Peter M. Miller, William N. Devol and Martin S. Dickey, corporals; Edwin Bonnell and Rinehart Lober, musicians. 

Privates — William D. Alexander, Ira W. Anderson, Isaac R. Atlee, Charles Barnum, John T. Barr, Welcome Beach, Thomas A. Bell, Addison Caldwell, Albert B. Case, Jackson Chapman, James F. Clark, George W. Coleman, Samuel P. Cowles, George Dawson, Francis Denny, Hiram A. Dufur, George S. Dyer, William En- dersby, William Fagan, Jacob F. Garver, Luther Gill, Amos D. Gray, Azariah Gregg, Leonidas C. Grubb, Alexander B. Hampton, James Horton, John Holmes, Townsend B. Huff, Rolandus Hyde, William H. Jones, David H. Mason, Thomas H. Mason, John W. Miner, James Moody, Samuel D. Morrison, Clarkson Newby, Charles Overman, Jonathan Phelps, Francis O. Shamb, Hiram Sherwood, William Tomson, George W. Tremaine, Watson B. Turner, Elwood Votaw, Henry Weise, James S. Welpton, Jacob Whitinger, Eli S. Wilcoxon. 

Fourteen Lee County men were enrolled in Company F. George T. Collins was a sergeant; Hibbard H. Shedd, Pierson H. Bristow, Orson V. Montgomery, corporals; George F. Case, Horatio Case, William G. Field, Robert C. Henry, Amos FI. Hill, Amos W. How- ard, William H. Howard, Samuel G. Kelley, Theodore J. Loomis and Jacob Wissler, privates. 

Henry A. Field and Thornton S. King were enrolled as privates in Company G; William W. Dollings was a sergeant in Company H, in which Moses Hammond, George Miller and Leroy Miller served as privates. The regiment was first ordered to St. Louis and from there to Memphis, Tennessee. It was employed chiefly in guarding the line of the Memphis & Charleston Railroad, being engaged in a few slight skirmishes with the enemy and losing two men killed and one wounded. It was mustered out at Keokuk on September 16, 1864. 

Forty-Eighth Infantry

Twenty-four Lee County men were enrolled in Company D, Forty-eighth Infantry, which was also a 100 days' regiment. Aaron Colliver was first lieutenant of the company; Henry H. Freed, Charles Phillips and James R. Fitch, sergeants; John C. Chapin, John W. Fletcher and Henry Black, corporals; Nathan D. Daniels, musician, and the following served as privates: Francis M. Arnold, Ezra Bailey, Andrew J. Brown, David A. Brown, Thomas A. Brown, Jotham P. Clark, Henry Coleman, Eli Denney, William W. Dudley, Thomas J. Guyon, Isaac D. Hale, Thomas E. Jefferson, John E. Johnson, William Kimble, Isaac Lambert and Aaron F. Thompson. 

The regiment's service was similar to that performed by the Forty-fifth. It was mustered out at Rock Island, Illinois, October 21, 1864. 

First Cavalry

The First Cavalry was organized under the call of May 3, 1861, and was mustered in at Burlington and Davenport during the months of July and August, with Fitz Henry Warren as colonel and Charles E. Moss, of Keokuk, lieutenant-colonel. 

Company A was recruited in Lee County and at the time of muster in was officered as follows: William M. G. Torrence, captain; Alexander G. McQueen, first lieutenant; Robert M. Reynolds, second lieutenant. Captain Torrence was promoted to major on October 26, 1861, Lieutenant McQueen became captain and afterward rose to be lieutenant-colonel, and Lieutenant Reynolds was promoted to first lieutenant. David A. Kerr, who enlisted as first sergeant of Company A, was made adjutant of the regiment in October, 1862, and John M. Coggeshall, of Montrose, was commissioned chaplain in June, 1863. 

The sergeants of Company A were: John A. Bishop, David A. Kerr, Andrew S. Hamilton, Alexander P. Boyse, Hugh Martin, John C. Van Hook and Walter S. Gray. John A. Bishop, who was mustered in as quartermaster sergeant, and Andrew S. Hamilton were both promoted to second lieutenant, and Sergeant Boyse to first lieutenant. 

James P. Turner (promoted second lieutenant), Brainard Bridges, Joseph C. McCandless, James Robertson, Joseph S. Vansant, William Goodin, Clayborn F. Driskill and John Wright served as corporals; Henry Wisner, bugler; William K. Reeves, farrier; George Rearler, saddler; and Isaac Ferrell, wagoner. 

Privates — Harvey Adair, William C. Andrews, Benjamin Blair, William Blair, Bartlett Brown, William O. Burns, William Carter, John P. Cochrane, George W. Collins, David Conley, Oliver L. Conn, Milton Copp, John W. Cross, Francis M. Davis, Thomas C. Fletcher, Lewis H. Foster, Hiram Gabriel, Ambrose Gallagher, Owen P. Gore, George W. Green, John Henkle, Frank Herwick, John Herwick, James Hill, Henry Hoagland, Edward Hollingsworth, William Horton, Herman J. Huiskamp, Thomas S. James, James E. Johnston, Alexander Kennedy, William Linn, James McCutcheon, George McKee, Charles McKibben, James F. McKinley, George R. Miller, Charles E. Moss, Andrew Neel, Peter Nelson, Andrew O'Bleness, Laban O'Bleness, Thomas J. O'Bleness (promoted captain), Eli R. Oiler, Thomas N. Pond, Samuel Pone, William Pone, Josiah Ray, Elmore Reed, Daniel Reibold, Prosper A. Rose, John L. Russell (promoted first lieutenant), Anglos F. Sala, Orlando P. Sala, William Scheyli, James Scott, Jacob M. Shook, Lewis E. Short, Moses Short, John Skinner, James Smith, John Smith, Zachariah E. Thomas, William F. Thorndike, Pleasant 

A. Timberlake, Davis C. Turner, Addison Walker, George Welchyner, Andrew J. Wilson, Harrison F. Wilson, Walker Wilson, Lewis B. Wisbey, Andrew J. Wisbey, Andrew J. Wright, John Wright, William Wyatt. 

Lee County was represented in Company C by Albert F. Dean, second lieutenant; Elijah W. Majors and Otis S. Whiting, ser- geants; Clinton M. Turner, Paul Hendricks, Michael Seyb, corporals; George Hook, bugler, and the following: 

Privates — Malcolm S. Andrews, Alexander C. Brice, Joseph Brees, Hiram Brown, Jerome Carpenter, Charles Chickering Doddridge W. Cook, Jesse Cooper, Curtis M. Copp, Thaddeus J. Dean, George Delfeller, William Harper, George C. Hawkins William H. Hendricks, John L. Hill, Henry Jefferson, Alfred J Lyther, Michael McCreary, Charles U. Martin, Horace Payne Joseph C. Ritchey, William S. Steele, Granville L. Stockman, Allen Stoddard, Abraham H. Stutesman, Rufus Underwood, Alfred Walker, George E. Wilmarsh, Thomas Zingre. 

Thomas McClean served as private in Company D; Joseph H. Arnold, Benjamin F. Best, John J. Buffington, William L. Gantz, Andrew L. Jay, Lindley F. Joy, Berryman Roberts and Thomas S. Shampnoi, in Company E. Thomas H. Hart and Stephen M. Sexton were corporals in Company F, in which the following Lee County men served as privates: George Hart, Ray S. Hart, John C. Hunter, Marx Klein, Bernard C. Reiley and Thomas J. Reed. In Company H were Ezra Harrington, Adam R. Hartzell, Henry E. Johnson, Zachariah P. Murry, Frederick H. Purrington and Andrew J. Smith. 

Russell G. Curtiss was enrolled as a private in Company I; Edward Barron and Joseph Benedict, in Company K; Charles L. Barnum, George Hoskinson, Daniel H. Hughes, David Jack, James E. McCalligan, Joseph Moody, Joshua Seward, Joseph Stenger, David B. Sterrett and John D. Tedro, in Company L. 

On the last day of September, 1861, six companies of the regiment were ordered to St. Louis and later in the fall were engaged at Milford and Silver Creek. All through the summer of 1862 the regiment was in Missouri, though hardly ever together, the companies being on detached duty. It was then ordered to Arkansas, where it took part in the battles of Cane Hill and Prairie Grove. In the spring of 1863 ^ was P art f tne f rce opposed to the Confederate under General Marmaduke. About the close of the year it was veteranized and the men received their furlough. Returning to Arkansas, the regiment was reorganized and continued in active service in that state until February, 1865, wne n it was ordered to Memphis, Tennessee. It was next with General Custer in Louisiana and Texas until mustered out at Austin, Texas, February 15, 1866. 

Third Cavalry

The greater portion of the first battalion of this regiment was raised in Lee County. When the regiment was mustered in on September 14, 1 86 1, at Keokuk, Carleton H. Perry was major of the battalion; Dudley E. Jones, battalion quartermaster; David L. McGugin, regimental surgeon; Christopher C. Biser, assistant surgeon; and Pearl P. Ingalls, chaplain. John W. Noble, who entered the service as first lieutenant of Company C, was promoted to the colonelcy of the regiment on May 23, 1864. Other Lee County men who served as line and staff officers of the regiment were: John R. Woods, commissary sergeant; Euclid E. Fuller, hospital steward; Alfred R. Hitchkiss, commissary sergeant; George A. Jackson, quartermaster sergeant; Israel M. Wickersham, chief bugler; Howard Perry and Thomas H. Brown, battalion commissary sergeants. 

Company A contained four men from Lee County, viz. : Samuel Barr, who was promoted to first lieutenant; William Carney, Andrew Goucher and Emery S. Goucher, privates. 

The muster roll of Company B shows John Q. A. DeHuff, first lieutenant; Aaron H. Gage, Samuel Barr, Andrew J. McRacken, John P. Talbott and George N. Anderson, sergeants; John A. Jefferson, Clinton C. McChord, James S. Alexander, Jesse W. Bayles, John H. Perry, William F. Jones, James Pain and Edwin M. Burr, corporals; Abram Edwards, farrier; August Remerman, saddler; Gardiner A. A. Deane, bugler; and Artemus Clumis, wagoner. Sergeant Gage was promoted to the captaincy of the company in July. 1865, and Clinton C. McChord was promoted to second lieutenant at the same time. Samuel Barr was transferred to Company A and promoted to first lieutenant. 

Privates — Amos Addington, Milton Anders, William H. Anderson, James Barr, Horatio L. Birdsall, Samuel N. Bishop, William H. H. Black, William Breitenstein, Alexander Brownlee, Alfred Burge, David Carroll, William H. Chidester, Gottlieb Christian, Alexander Coleman, Asa E. Coleman, William Cowles, James Cox, Hiram C. Diggs, David Finley, Samuel S. Finley, Samuel Frow, George Galloup, James K. Galloup, Jerry Galloup, William W. Gordon, Benjamin F. Grant, Salathiel Hannan, Edward V. Holland, Austin Hollowell, Jasper Hollowell, John H. Horn, James House, Henry Keime, William Kerns, Peter Kerr, Isaac H. Kinley, Lemon Mc. Logan, Thomas B. Logan, George W. Longley, John W. Love, John W. Lyon, Asbury B. McChord, James D. McCully, Robert T. McDonald, Orlow H. McPherson, William McQueen, James S. Matthews, John C. Matthews, Marshall P. Matthews, John W. Mendenhall, John Merritt, Jasper O'Neil, Allen Overman, Thomas Parker, George Parsons, Jonathan Parsons, Samuel Parsons, Gaston Pease, John W. Pullman, Ralph Rigby, George Richardson, Bernard Ringland, Thomas N. Rye, Albert G. Saxe, Bennett S. Shaug, Benjamin A. Smith, Thomas Stillwell, Kinsey T. Talbott, Elwood Townsend, Henry D. Townsend, James Vancyoc, Henry L. Weeks, William West, Hiram C. Wilcoxson, Robert Wilson, Calvin S. Woodworth. Company C was mustered in with Israel Anderson, captain; Erie J. Leech, first lieutenant; William Wilson, second lieutenant; Henry A. Winther, quartermaster sergeant; Thomas Cowley, Jr., commissary sergeant; David A. Day, Ralph H. Millard, Ambrose L. Jenks, Josiah A. Jackson and Thomas W. Brice, sergeants; James Linch, Glenn Lowe, Obadiah M. Crane, Hubbard Stone, Robert Lemaster, John Leddon, William Gilcrist and James W. Cox, corporals; Louis Anslyn, bugler; Fleming C. Wilson, farrier; John M. Read, saddler; Henry Deppen, wagoner. Corporal Lowe was promoted to captain and Corporal Linch to first lieutenant. 

Privates — Thomas Ackley, Thomas P. Ackley, Charles Anderson, Perry Armitage, John S. Beebe, Louis Berryhill, Andrew A. Brown, Israel Brown, Isaac Bunch, George W. Burgman, Robert Cassidy, Ephraim Cobb, Lewis Conn, Charles Conway, Lisbon A. Cox, William Curtis, Henry Delaplaine, Lawrence Dugan, William E. Durfee, William H. Duvall, Jehu Elliott, Ephraim Fauquier, John Field, Robert Forbes, Charles H. Forman, William H. Forman, Dixon Gibson, John F. Gibson, William D. Gibson, Thomas H. Goodwin, William Guthrie, Andrew J. Hardin, John W. Hardwick, Oscar D. Harvey, John A. Hendrickson, Milton Herron, Alexander Hinote, Henry P. Hockman, Franklin Horn, Joseph Hyde, James G. Jeffries, James Johnson, Perry Johnson, Charles Jones, James Jones, William Keteon, William King, William G. Kramer, Israel E. Leake, William Lowry, Elias Luke, Morgan Lynch, Samuel McEveny, Edward Y. McLarning, William McLaughlin, William O. Mackie, John Malia, William Martin, William Matheney, John H. Miller, William Miller, William J. Moneymaker, Clark Murch, Henry Ostrander, Samuel F. Ostrander, Calvin Peterson, Albert Phillips, Lindsey P. Price, John R. Quicksell, Herman Rankin, Johnson Rankin, Joseph Rhodes, Daniel Riggs, Alfred Roberts (promoted first lieutenant), Silas M. Rockwell, Thomas B. Russell, Joseph Samuel, John S. Critchfield, Leroy Seaton, William Seeberlich, Williamson Sells, Perry Shay, Samuel Shultz, Thomas Simpson, George C. Smith, Henry H. Smith, James Smith, John Smith, William Smith, Isaac Snyder, Henry Sprague, Josiah Spaulding, Isaac Stamper, Oliver C. Stevens, Peter I. Stevens, John Stone, Francisco Stump, Charles Tackaberry, Washington Talbott, Charles W. Taylor (promoted second lieutenant), Morris Tisdale, Barzillai Townsend, Jacob Tryon, Thomas L. Vann, James A. Virts, Francis H. Waste, Charles Watson, Edward Welchman, Samuel Wheeler, Harwood Whitney, Albert Williams, Matthew D. Williams, William M. Williams, John R. Woods, Wesley J. Worley, Jefferson Worster, Daniel B. Wyatt, Anderson Zugg. 

John Campbell was a corporal and Adam Dunn and Justin B. Harlan were privates in Company D; Harvey N. Upton and Nelson Vansteensburg were enrolled in Company E ; Matthew Roderson was a private in Company F; and Abraham Berger, William H. Coleman and William H. Matkin privates in Company G. 

Twenty-three Lee County men enlisted in Company H. Thomas R. Herndon held the rank of sergeant; Martin V. B. Sigler, Michael W. Mitchell, John W. Smith and Thomas N. Gosnell were corporals, and the following served as privates : Andrew Balbach, John Balbach, John H. Beucler, Peter F. Beucler, Emerson Butterfield, William Clark, Cyrus G. Hawkins, James S. Hewitt, James A. Light, Joseph Myers, Howard Perry, Jackson Sigler, Jeremiah Sigler, George Smith, William H. Spitler, Nathan Tuttle, John W. Vandevanter and Selby Vandevanter. 

In Company I were Joseph C. Fletcher, Jacob Graft and John Smith. Dudley E. Jones served as first lieutenant of Company L, in which Clinton D. Cooper, Alonzo Britton and Edward White were enrolled as privates, and in Company M Benjamin M. Belville, William H. Bryant, Robert Hendricks, James H. Johnson and Shadrach Rinkle were credited to Lee County. 

The first service of the Third Cavalry was in protecting the southern border of Iowa against invasion. On November 4, 1861, it was ordered to St. Louis, where it was divided into detachments and for the next few weeks the men "lived in the saddle." Parts of the regiment were engaged at Moore's Mill, Florida, Kirksville and other skirmishes, after which the Third was assigned to the duty of guarding the frontier from the Iron Mountains of Missouri to the Boston Mountains in Arkansas. It took part in the Battle of Pea Ridge, fought at West Plains, and in December, 1862, was assigned to the cavalry division of the Army of the Tennessee, commanded by Gen. C. C. Washburne. For a time it was on duty at Helena, Arkansas, but early in June, 1863, it was ordered to join General Grant in the siege of Vicksburg. It formed part of Sherman's advance in the march to Jackson and after the battle at that place was engaged in destroying the Mississippi Central Railroad. It was then ordered back to Arkansas, where many of the men reenlisted and received their veteran furlough. After a visit to home and friends in Iowa, the regiment was ordered to join the expedition to Guntown, Mississippi, and was then in pursuit of General Price through Missouri. When Price was driven out of the state, the Third joined Gen. J. H. Wilson's cavalry in Tennessee and was on active duty in that state and Georgia until mustered out at Atlanta on August 9, 1865. 

Fourth Cavalry

The Fourth Cavalry was mustered into the United States service at Mount Pleasant, Iowa, January 1, 1862, with Asbury B. Porter as colonel. John B. Leclerc served as a private in Company C; Samuel Peterson and Jabez Sibley in Company F, and more than half of Company G came from Lee County. 

Company G was mustered in with Thomas C. Tullis as captain and James J. Brown as first lieutenant, though the first non-commissioned officers were from other counties. The following privates were credited to Lee County: Thompson Armor, Francis H. Ayres, Lycurgus E. Ayres, George M. Barnes, William C. Barnes, James F. Berry, Louis Burke, Arestes M. Cale, William Cale, George W. Clark, Henry Cowles, James E. Cowles, George B. Crossley, Lawrence Crossley, Alonzo Cunningham, Francis M. Davis (promoted captain), Delarma Douglas, Philip Ehart, Wykoff W. Endersby, William H. Entler, Solomon Ezell, Charles H. Fagers, Thomas C. Fletcher (promoted bugler), James Frazier, John Frazier, Charles 

A. Gillham, Robert P. Gilmer (promoted second lieutenant), Franklin Groesbeck, William Hardy (promoted corporal), Aaron Hoss, John Ingersoll (promoted sergeant), W. Wilson Ingersoll, William J. Ives, Cornelius W. Jackson, Theodore S. Jackson, Theodore H. Jennings, William P. Jennings, Daniel Johnson, Lewis Johnson, Thompson Jones (promoted corporal), David Laird, Almon M. Levee, George L. Levee (promoted quartermaster sergeant), Charles B. McCarthy, Horace McDannell, James S. Mason, Samuel J. Mason, William C. Mason (promoted corporal), William Murray, Zephaniah Murray, William Osborn, William Pitman, Alexander Riddle, Alexander Rodgers (promoted captain), George 1 Scovil, Amiel Shotta, Edwin Sigmon, Robert Skiles, Nicholas Snider, Edward Stubbs, James Thornton, Polk E. Tibbetts (promoted sergeant), Hugh Valiant (promoted sergeant), Sensel Watts, George W. Welch, Henry S. Wheatley. 

On March 10, 1862, the regiment was ordered to Rolla, Missouri, thence to Springfield and from there to Helena, Arkansas. During the early service of the regiment the companies were chiefly on detached duty, scouting and occasionally skirmishing with the enemy. Company F captured a steamboat loaded with sugar and molasses and a train of about one hundred wagons loaded with provisions. On November 25, 1862, the Fourth joined Gen. A. P. Hovey's expedition toward Grenada, Mississippi and destroyed several miles of railroad. On the last day of April, 1863, it joined General Grant's forces at Milliken's Bend and started on the campaign against Vicksburg. It was in the engagements at Haynes' Bluff and Mechanicsburg, and after the fall of Vicksburg took part in the battle of Jackson. Toward the close of 1863 many of the men reenlisted and received a veteran furlough. After that it was with General Grierson on the raid through Mississippi and was engaged in numerous battles and skirmishes in that state and Alabama. The regiment was mustered out at Atlanta, Georgia, August 10, 1865. 

Fifth Cavalry

Although this regiment was designated as the Fifth Iowa Cavalry, it contained one company from Omaha, Nebraska, two companies from Minnesota and one from Illinois. It was mustered in at St. Louis from September, 1861, to February 11, 1862, and when fully organized was placed under the command of William W. Lowe as colonel. Joseph Bendler, Henry O. Dudley, Charles H. Kummer and C. August Ulrich, of Lee County, were members of the regimental band; George Friedenrich served as battalion commissary sergeant; Frederick Dietrich was regimental saddler. 

Company F, composed chiefly of Germans, was raised in Lee and the adjoining counties. It was mustered in with John A. Smith as second lieutenant; Charles Haenel, quartermaster sergeant; Gustave Krusch, George H. Meier and Charles F. Limle, sergeants; Caspar Buschmeier and Charles Rothe, corporals, and John Seidel, bugler. 

Privates — George Anthes, Roman Boechle, Fritz Brechf, Jacob Deutsch, John B. Dingman, Ferdinand Fahr, Henry Fosterling, Fritz Geldmacher, Bernard H. Hinken, August Johns, Stephen Kliewe, Philip Lang, Henry Luecke, Leo Marder, John Martin, Henry Moellers, Henry Nolte, Frank Rohde, Bernard Rottman, Joseph Saar, Robert Santo, August Scherfe, C. F. August Schelland, Philip Schneider, Henry Schowalter, John Schomacher, F. August Schubert, John L. Shier, Robert Scholtz, Louis Silverheisen, Bernard Slange, August Soechtig, Christian Stauffer, John Tieken, Sebastian Viox, Frank Wagner, William H. Wagner, Benjamin Ward, Charles Werner, Franz Werth, William Westphal, Henry Wichard, Frank Wiggenjost. 

The regiment first saw service in Missouri, after which it was in Kentucky and Tennessee as part of the cavalry of Gen. L. H. Rousseau. In the summer of 1864 it joined General Stoneman for the raid to Macon, Georgia, and destroyed many miles of the Atlanta & Macon Railroad. It covered the retreat of the army from Lovejoy's Station and when General Hood started northward the Fifth returned to Nashville with Gen. George H. Thomas. As part of the cavalry division of General Thomas' army, it took part in the battle of Nashville, December 15, 1864, and in the pursuit of Hood's shattered command. It was mustered out at Nashville on August 11, 1865. The original Fifth Cavalry was consolidated with the Fifth Iowa Infantry on August 8, 1864, after which the regiment was known as the Fifth Veteran Cavalry. 

Eighth Cavalry

Fourteen Lee County men were enrolled in this regiment, which was mustered in at Davenport, Iowa, September 30, 1863, under Colonel Joseph B. Dorr. Eleazer B. Doane entered the service as first lieutenant of Company E and was promoted captain on April 5, 1864. In the same company Andrew J. Baker was mustered in as. sergeant; Charles W. Smith, Lewis Richards, Charles L. Dorson and Jonathan F. Doane, as corporals, and the following were enrolled as privates: James D. Childs, Isaiah J. Clark, John Clark, John H. Davis, Samuel C. Laughery and Charles Rye. The other two Lee County men were Henry Edmondson and Herman Heiser, who were privates in Company M. 

On October 7, 1863, the regiment was ordered to Louisville, Kentucky, and from there proceeded to Nashville, where it was assigned to the duty of guarding the line of the Nashville & Northwestern Railroad. Next, as part of McCook's Cavalry Division, it was engaged in scouting and skirmishing in the vicinity of Chattanooga. In the spring of 1864 it joined the army commanded by General Sherman for the campaign against Atlanta, and after that city capitulated it remained on duty in Georgia until mustered out at Macon on August 13, 1865. 

Ninth Cavalry

This was the last of the volunteer regiments raised by the State of Iowa for service in the Civil war. It was mustered in at Davenport, Iowa, November 30, 1863, and was commanded by Col. Matthew M. Trumbull. William A. Sullivan, of Lee County, was sergeant major of the regiment, and the county was represented in Companies G, H, I and M.

In Company G Samuel C. Koons was mustered in as corporal; Hiram Maine, bugler-; Richard Sharp, farrier; Ransom Ripple, wagoner, and the following were enrolled as privates: Samuel Bowman, John W. Goss, Herschel Hand, Charles Kerr, Andrew Kimbrough, Daniel Maguire, George W. Morrison and David Patterson.

Marshall Anders was a sergeant and George H. Moore wagoner in Company H, in which the following privates were credited to Lee County: Isaac W. Abbott, Joseph C. Davis, Weslev A. Harbeson, James Luther, Joseph Marsell, Samuel J. Sample and Reuben Sperry. 

Robert H. Moloy was the only Lee County man in Company I, but a large part of Company M was raised in the county. John F. Parker, who was mustered in as first sergeant, became captain of the company on October 15, 1865; Charles P. Buckner, who started in as sergeant was promoted to first lieutenant in September, 1864; James B. Moore was enrolled as sergeant; William F. Crocker, Daniel S. Ochiltree and John Yeager, corporals; Alden Baker, farrier, and the following served as privates: 

Isaac B. Binford, Levi P. Brown, Noah Childers, Andrew J. Cronin, Andrew J. Davis, David Dust, David H. Ettein, Samuel Falkenburg, Samuel K. Hand, Robert Harper, Robert Kocks, Martin Legrand, Benedict Lucas, George McCausland, Wesley H. Marsh, Rhaey H. Parnell, James A. Pollard, Israel Rude, George T. Sawyers, Albert Schotte, Andrew J. Seavers, John H. Seavers, Henry C. Smith, Walter A. Soule, James R. Stephens, John Van Fossen, Adolph Wirsig, John R. Wooster. 

The horses used by the Ninth Cavalry were selected by the officers of the regiment, and each squadron was mounted on horses of the same color. The first service of the regiment was in fighting the guerrillas in Missouri, especially the notorious Quantrill band. It was next ordered to DevalTs Bluff, Arkansas, to guard the post there, and it operated in Arkansas until in January, 1865, when it formed part of Geiger's expedition into West Tennessee. It was mustered out at Little Rock, Arkansas, March 23, 1866. being one of the last regiments to leave the service. 

Miscellaneous Enlistments

In the fall of 1862 the "Southern Border Brigade" was organized to protect the state from invasion from Missouri. A large part of Company A of this brigade was raised in Lee County and was com- manded by Capt. William Soule, with Wells Brown as first lieutenant. About the close of the year the brigade was disbanded and many of the men subsequently enlisted in other organizations. 

Nearly two hundred Lee County men served in the Seventh, Eighth, Tenth, Fifteenth and Twenty-first Missouri Infantry, and the Seventh Missouri Cavalry. Probably one-fourth of that number enlisted in Illinois, Kansas and Wisconsin regiments, and nearly one hundred were in the regular army. 

In the summer and fall of 1863 was raised a regiment of colored troops, to which Iowa contributed 106 men. This regiment was known as the "First Infantry of African Descent." It was officered by white men. Milton F. Collins, of Lee County, was. commissioned lieutenant-colonel on October 11, 1863; J onn L. Murphy, major; Theodore W. Pratt, adjutant; William McQueen, quartermaster, and Freeman Knowles, surgeon. 

The Work at Home
 
While the Boys in Blue were at the front, fighting the battles; of their country, those who remained at home were not unmindful of the interests of the soldiers and their families. Scarcely had the first echoes of the war tocsin died away when the work of relief was inaugurated in a meeting held at the old Athenaeum in Keokuk on Monday evening, April 22, 1861. Henry Strong presided and George W. McCrary acted as secretary. A committee of twenty was appointed to solicit subscriptions to a fund to provide aid for the families of those who might enlist, and through the efforts of this committee a considerable sum of money was assured. This encouraged many to enlist, knowing that the needs of their wives and children would be provided for while the head of the family was in the army. 

On Saturday evening, April 27, 1861, a similar meeting was held in Fort Madison. A committee of five was appointed to solicit contributions to a relief fund, and another committee, consisting of one from each ward, was selected to wait upon the mayor and city council and urge an appropriation for the support of families of soldiers actually mustered into service. Through the work of the former committee a relief fund of generous proportions was raised, and that the latter was successful is seen by the following action taken by the mayor and board of aldermen on May 15, 1861, in the unanimous adoption of these resolutions: 

"1. That the sum of $2,000 be and the same is hereby appropriated for the purpose of furnishing, taking care of and supplying the wants of volunteers who have lately enlisted from this place, and tendered their services to the Executive of this State for the purpose of defending our Government, and that said sum or any part thereof be used and disbursed by F. Hesser, C. Brewster, H. Catter- mole, H. M. Salmon and B. Hugel, on the part of the town, and the mayor, Aldermen Kiel and McHenry, on the part of the board of aldermen, of this city; and it is understood that the favoring application is to apply to all and every necessary expense, whether credited or .to be credited, that has been, or may be, for the welfare of the aforesaid volunteers or their families until otherwise provided. 

"2. That the mayor is hereby authorized and instructed to issue in such amounts as said committee shall find most convenient, the above $2,000 in corporation cash notes, bearing 10 per cent interest, due in one year from date, but redeemable at any time sooner, at the will of the board, and receivable for all cash corporation taxes. 

"3. That the above notes shall be known as 'Fort Madison War Notes.' " 

While the organized relief work centered at Keokuk and Fort Madison, the people of the county as a whole were not backward in giving aid to the families of volunteers. On August 14, 1862, at a war meeting in Fort Madison, Samuel Boyles was appointed to present the following resolutions to the board of county supervisors of Lee County: 

"1. That the County of Lee will pay to each married man who volunteers under the two recent calls of the Government $y$, and to each single man $50, after he shall have been sworn in and accepted by the United States mustering officer; and that for the purpose of paying the above bounty, there be a tax of five and one-half mills on the dollar levied upon all taxable property of the county, to be called the 'County War Tax.' 

"2. That the president of the board be instructed to issue war notes to the amount of $38,000, said notes to be in amounts of from one to one hundred dollars, to bear interest at the rate of 8 per cent per annum, and to become due in nine months from date, and to be receivable in payment of the above tax. 

"3. That, for the purpose of raising the money in the most expeditious manner possible, we appoint one or more persons in each township, who shall call upon every man therein and sell said notes for cash, dollar for dollar; and that every man in each township will be expected to buy at least the amount required to pay his tax; and that the said persons so appointed shall on next Saturday (August 23) pay over to the county treasurer the amounts received from the sale of said notes; and on Monday, the 1st day of September next, they shall again pay over to the treasurer all money so received; and the collector or collectors of each township shall make a statement of the total amount received in his or their township on the sale of said notes, and shall also publish the names of all persons who shall refuse to pay at least one dollar. 

"4. That the president of the board shall issue to each person who has or shall volunteer under the two recent calls, when the person presents to the president of the board the certificate of the captain of his company, showing that he has been sworn in and accepted by the mustering officer, an order on the treasurer for the amount to which he shall be entitled. 

"5. That all persons who have paid any money to soldiers who have volunteered under the two recent calls of the Government, shall have the same refunded to them in said notes." 

The resolutions were adopted by the board of supervisors on August 18, 1862, and through this novel method of raising money Lee County was enabled to raise her quota of volunteers without placing upon the shoulders of her people a bonded debt, as was done in some localities. The "war notes" were liberally taken by the people of the county and the same were redeemed in the payment of the "war tax," so that at no time was the debt burdensome. This plan was pursued throughout the war, all bounties paid by the county being provided by issues of notes and the levying of a tax for their redemption. 

No approximate estimate can be made of the amounts given in individual offerings by charitable inclined persons. Whenever some soldier's family stood in need of assistance it was forthcoming. The sum thus contributed ran into thousands of dollars, of which no account was kept. Many a basket of provisions found its way to the home of some soldier; shoes, clothing and school books were given to soldiers' children; the son or daughter of a volunteer were given preference in the matter of employment by many of the citizens, and in many other ways relief was afforded those who had sent loved ones to the front to preserve the Union.  

SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR AND MILITIA

.For four centuries after the discovery of America, the Island of Cuba was a dependency of Spain. When Spain was losing her other American possessions one by one, the people of Cuba remained loyal in their allegiance, and when the Spanish dynasty was overthrown by Napoleon in 1808 the Cubans declared war against Napoleon. Their loyalty received a poor recompense, however, for in 1825 a royal decree placed the lives and fortunes of the Cubans at the absolute disposal of the captains-general, or governors of the island. The "conquistadores" were slow in coming, but they had at last arrived.  

In 1829 a conspiracy was formed for the purpose of throwing off the Spanish yoke, but it was discovered and crushed before the conspirators were ready to begin active operations. Then followed the uprising of the blacks in 1844, the futile expeditions of Lopez in 1849-50, and the "Ten Years War" — from 1868 to 1878— during which Spain threatened to make a desert of the island. Two hundred and fifty-seven thousand soldiers were sent to Cuba and so great was the sacrifice of life that less than fifty thousand of them returned to Spain. Three hundred million dollars' worth of property was destroyed during the war and an enormous debt contracted, which was saddled upon the Cubans as a penalty for their rebellion. 

One effect of the war was to make the Spanish governors more tyrannical in their administration of affairs. Added to this was the heavy burden of the war debt, hence it was not long until the people of Cuba began planning another insurrection. Experience had taught them to move with caution and for more than fifteen years they carried on their preparations with the greatest secrecy. 

In 1895 tne insurrection broke out at several places simultaneously. The revolutionists were led by Gomez and Maceo. Captain-General Campos conducted his military movements along lines established by civilized warfare, which was not satisfactory to the Spanish authorities, who removed him and placed General Weyler in command. Weyler adopted the policy of removing the people from the rural districts to the cities, where they were kept under guard, in order to prevent them from furnishing supplies to the insurgents. The inhumanity that accompanied this policy soon aroused the indignation of the civilized world. The supply of food was inadequate to the demand of the "reconcentrados," as the people confined in the cities were called, and many actually starved to death. 

In the United States political conventions, commercial organizations in a number of cities, and some of the State Legislatures adopted resolutions calling on the Federal Government to intervene in behalf of the suffering Cubans. The proposition to raise a fund in the United States to feed the starving reconcentrados started riots in Havana, some holding that intervention on the part of the people of this country meant in the end the annexation of Cuba. The Atlantic Squadron of the United States Navy was ordered to the Dry Tortugas, within six hours sail of Havana, and on January 25, 1898, the Battleship Maine dropped anchor in the Harbor of Havana. The presence of this war vessel was not pleasing to the Spanish officials, who sought a measure of retaliation in sending the armored Cruiser Vizcaya to New York. Thus matters stood until February 9, 1898, when the Spanish minister to the United States resigned his position, and on the evening of the 15th the Maine was blown up, causing a loss of more than two hundred of her officers and men. A court of inquiry later found that the vessel was blown up "by a submarine mine, which caused the partial explosion of two or more of her forward magazines." 

The destruction of the Maine, with its consequent loss of life, increased the excitement in the United States and the demands for intervention became more insistent. Still the Government declined to take any positive action, for the reason that General Blanco, who had succeeded General Weyler, issued a proclamation declaring a suspension of hostilities and announced that the reconcentrados would be permitted to return to their homes. American consuls soon reported that this promise was not being kept and that the suffering among the imprisoned people had not diminished in the least. 

On March 8, 1898, Congress appropriated $50,000,000 for the national defense, but no further action was taken for more than a month, or until it was learned that General Blanco's promise to release the reconcentrados had not been fulfilled. On April 19, 1898, Congress adopted a resolution recognizing the independence of Cuba and demanding that Spain relinquish authority over and withdraw from the island. The resolution closed with these words: "The United States hereby disclaims any disposition or intention to exercise sovereignty, jurisdiction or control over said island, except for the pacification thereof, and asserts its determination when that is accomplished to leave the government and control of the island to its people." 

Under the resolution the President was authorized to employ the forces of the United States Army and Navy to aid Cuba, and an act was passed authorizing the increase of the army to 61,000 men. Rear Admiral Sampson was directed to blockade the Cuban ports. This was quickly followed by a formal declaration of war and a call for 125,000 volunteers, to be supplied from the militia of the several states as far as practicable. 

The Iowa Legislature, which adjourned a short time before the declaration of war, in anticipation of such an event, had appropriated $500,000 "to aid the general government in case of war," and prep- arations were immediately commenced to fill any call for troops that might be made. On April 21, 1898, Adjutant-General Byers issued a general order to the company commanders in Iowa to have all officers and men undergo a physical examination. Two days later President McKinley issued his proclamation calling for 125,000 men, and on the 25th the Governor of Iowa was advised by telegram from the secretary of war of the state's quota of troops under the call. The state fair grounds, near Des Moines, were secured as a point for mobilization of the Iowa National Guard, and the commanding officers of the four infantry regiments were ordered to report with their regiments, with the least possible delay. It was decided by the governor to continue the numbering of the volunteer regiments as shown by those which had been engaged in the Civil war. The First Regiment of the National Guard, therefore, became the Forty-ninth Iowa Volunteer Infantry; the Second, Third and Fourth becoming respectively the Fiftieth, Fifty-first and Fifty-second regiments of Iowa Volunteer Infantry. 

Fiftieth Infantry

In this regiment — formerly the Second Regiment, Iowa National Guard — Lee County was well represented in Companies A, F and L, with a few men in other companies. Herman J. Huiskamp, of Fort Madison, was regimental quartermaster; Thornton B. Boyer, of Keokuk, chief musician in the regimental band, and Harry M. Reynolds, also of Keokuk, was a member of the band. 

Company A belonged in Keokuk and at the time it was mustered into the service of the United States, May 17, 1898, the commissioned officers were as follows: Sumner T. Bisbee, captain; Thomas H. R. Rollins, first lieutenant; Emile F. Renaud, second lieutenant. 

Of the non-commissioned officers, Victor H. Kelly was quartermaster sergeant, and the five line sergeants, in numerical order, were: Thomas C. McCalla, John M. Collins, Emil W. Ulrich, Albert D. Dunlap and George H. Armitage. William Eisenhuth was first corporal; Samuel V. Cox, second; Frank J. Davey, third; John H. Kerr, fourth; William D. Barr, fifth, and Joseph S. Collins, sixth. William L. Kirchner served as wagoner, and George W. Hardin, as artificer. 

Privates — Ernest H. Anschutz, Harry W. Ballou, Warren T. Bisbee (promoted corporal), William G. Blood, Hugh Brennan, Hillhouse Buel, Harry C. Burt, Pearl C. Campbell, William H. Carpenter, James L. Collins, Joseph W. Collins, William H. Collins, -Charles F. Collisson, Michael F. Connelly, James Conners, Stuart W. Crafts, Edwin Crawford, Ralph Daugherty, Charles H. Ferguson (promoted corporal), Joseph Filker, James M. Ford, Joseph K.Foulkes, Joseph P. Garrity, Mark C. Garver, William Gavin, William F. E. Glewe, Patrick Griffin, Malachi Griffin, George M. Hamilton, Charles C. Harr, Frank L. Head, Jacob W. Heintz, William H. Henneman, Herman H. Hesse, Andrew J. Hickey, Joseph F. Holden, Samuel W. Hovey, Sebus N. Jacobs, Christ Jacobson, Benjamin S. Jones, George W. Jones, Alva A. Kendrick, Charles W. Kerns, Henry M. Kesselring, John B. Kiel, Charles W. Laehn, Joseph S. Leindecker, John N. I. Limburg, David C. Lingo, Lloyd S. Lowrie, George H. McCormick, William H. McDowell, Frank J. Martin, Joseph N. Martin, William D. Miller, Joseph H. Morningway, Harmon W. Moss, George W. Nair, Edward G. O'Brian, Walter E. Phillips, Richard H. Pyles, Preen Rees, John K. Rickey, Robert S. Robertson, Robert G. Roche, Charles J. Simmonds, Clyde E. Smales, Simon P. Smith, John Snider, Joseph A. Sterne, Edward F. Tigue, Bertram B. Townsend, William M. VanSteenwyk, Pierce R. Williams, Nick Worth, Jr., Leo C. Zindel. 

The commissioned officers of Company F were all from Fort Madison, viz. : Frederick C. Chambers, captain ; Herbert W. Davis, first lieutenant; Joseph R. Frailey, second lieutenant. Edward Prichett was quartermaster sergeant; Clarence S. Pratt, first sergeant; John L. Prichett, second; John J. Garner, third; Charles B. Chambers, fourth; Roy Byers, fifth. The six corporals, in numerical order, were: James S. Palin, Frank V. Alden, Charles W. Jones, Harry E. Winters, Edward K. Morrison and George W. Eddy. Martin J. Buckwar served as wagoner and Samuel F. Hoftmeister, as artificer. 

Privates — Clinton Arnold, Edgar W. Caldwell, Robert F. Carter, Leroy H. Childs, Fred G. Colton, Hugh C. Craig, Roscoe A. Ellis, Arthur D. Fletcher, Bert H. Forney, Frederick H. Frailey (promoted corporal), George L. Garner, John Gebelein, Charles Hahn, George Halfman, Hiram E. Hamilton, Charles T. Hollowell, Thomas P. Hollowell, Louis J. Hugel (promoted corporal), Charles W. Hunt (promoted corporal), Raymond R. Jackson, John O. Jones, George J. Koellner, August E. Krabbe, Charles E. Lightfoot, Charles C. Martin, John P. Mason, William O. Mitchell, George M. Moore, George H. Nagel, Benjamin F. Newlon, Oliver J. Randell, William T. Reeder, Wayne D. Reynolds, Frank Sieman, Ira L. Smith, Walter G. Smith, Percy A. Stewart, John S. Troja, William J. Troja, Edward L. Vogel, Max E. Wagner, Ivey W. Watkins, Harry Woodmansee, Mark Woodmansee. 

On April 26, 1898, John A. Dunlap was commissioned captain of Company L, and the following privates in that company were credited to Lee County: Arthur D. Allison, Guy E. Blakeslee, Philarmon Cook, William J. Dwyer, Peter Egley, James J. Fallon, Bennett J. Hill, Oscar Hopson, Frank R. Johnson, Ambrose Kennedy, Thomas J. Palmer, Frank J. PefTers, George L. Perrigo, George T. Ribyn, Bennett P. Rulon, William H. Smith, Carl W. Trott, Ray Wheatley. 

The following Lee County men served as privates in the companies indicated: Joseph M. Finerty, Company E; Martin G. Holt, Company G; Charles R. Hough, Company H; James S. Burrows, Company I, and George V. Jenkins, Company M. 

The Fiftieth was mustered into the United States service at Camp McKinley, Des Moines, May 17, 1898, with Douglas V. Jackson as colonel. Orders were received four days later to proceed by rail to Tampa, Florida, but its destination was changed to Jacksonville, where it went into camp on the 24th. The location of the camp was such that a considerable amount of sickness prevailed and a number died. On the 1st of August the command was moved to higher ground. Here the Iowa troops were visited on August 9, 1898, by Governor Shaw and Adjutant-General Byers, who made an inspection of the camp with a view to bettering the sanitary conditions. On August 20, 1898, Colonel Jackson resigned and Lieut. Col. Elliott T. Lambert was promoted to the command of the regiment. Orders were received from the war department on September 12, 1898, directing the return of the Fiftieth to Iowa. It arrived at Des Moines on the 17th, when the men were given a furlough for thirty days. The furloughs were subsequently extended ten days, when it became evident that the war was over and on November 30, 1898, the men were assembled and mustered out. At the close of his official report, Colonel Lambert says: 

"I desire to take this opportunity again to express my gratitude to the officers and men of my command for their many courtesies and the willingness with which they cooperated with me in all the work for the betterment of the entire regiment. I can assure you that no regiment ever entered the service that was more loyal, energetic, enthusiastic, or more anxious to demonstrate to the world that they would fight to the death for the honor of the flag and their country." 

Fifty-First Infantry

So far as shown by the muster rolls of the Iowa troops in the Spanish-American war, only one Lee County man was enabled to see service outside of the United States. That was William J. Miller, who enlisted at Keokuk, May 5, 1898, as a member of the regimental band. He was mustered in with the regiment at Des Moines, May 30, 1898, and about a month later was transferred to Company E, where he remained as a private until February 18, 1899, when he was transferred back to the band and served as musician until mustered out with the regiment at San Francisco, California, November 2, 1899. 

On June 2, 1898, the regiment, commanded by Col. John C. Loper, received orders to proceed to San Francisco, where it remained in camp until November 3, 1898, when it embarked for Manila, Philippine Islands. While in service in the Philippines it was engaged at a number of places, including Culi Culi Church, Calumpit, San Fernando, Quingua, Pulilan and a number of minor actions. On September 4, 1899, it was ordered home and arrived at San Francisco on the 22d of October. There it was assigned to its old camp at the Presidio, where it remained until November 2, 1899, when the men were mustered out and returned to Iowa. 

Iowa National Guard

Section i, article 6, of the state constitution of 1857, provides that "The militia of this state shall be composed of all able-bodied male citizens, between the ages of eighteen and forty-five years, except such as are or may hereafter be exempt by the laws of the United States, or of this state; and shall be armed, equipped and trained as the general assembly may provide by law." 

Other sections of the same article stipulate that no person having conscientious scruples against bearing arms shall be compelled to perform any military duty in time of peace, and that all commissioned officers of the militia, except staff officers, shall be commissioned by the governor of the state. 

Under these constitutional provisions, the Legislature has, from time to time, enacted laws for the organization and regulation of the state troops. Under the act of 1902 the Iowa National Guard was. made to consist of "four regiments of infantry, one signal company,, and at the discretion of the commander-in-chief, two batteries of artillery." The same act provides that all enlistments in the guard shall be for three years. 

In order to encourage the several military companies of the state, the Legislature of 1907 made provision for the following payments:. To the commander of each company, for postage, keeping the records,, etc., $100; to the chief musician of each band, $50; to the inspector of small arms practice, $50, and to each company showing a full: attendance at weekly drills of two hours each, $500; the amounts; above named to be paid in two semi-annual payments. 

The four regiments constituting the Iowa National Guard are numbered to succeed the last regiment serving in the Spanish-American war, and are designated the Fifty-second, Fifty-third, Fifty-fourth and Fifty-fifth. Two companies of the Fifty-fourth belong in Lee County. This regiment was first organized as a twelve- company regiment under General Order No. 8, April 18, 1892. On May 17, 1898, it was mustered into the United States service as the Fiftieth Iowa Infantry. It was reorganized on March 20, 1899, and by General Order No. 19, it was changed to the Fifty-fourth on November 26, 1902. Company A was made up at Fort Madison and Company L at Keokuk. Thomas P. Hollowell, of Fort Madison, was commissioned major of the second battalion on May 10, 1909, and First Lieut. George L. Hewett, of Company A, was made battalion adjutant of the same battalion on February 16, 1912. Camps of instruction are held annually. At the time of the encampment in August, 19 14, the commissioned officers of Company A were: Roy R. Kountz, captain; Edward E. Courtright, first lieutenant; L. H. Danley, second lieutenant. This company has a well equipped armory and drill room on the east side of Market Street, between Second and Third streets, where regular-meetings are held on Monday evening of each week. 

Company L, of Keokuk, has a commodious armory and club rooms at the corner of Third and Main streets. It is fitted up with shower baths, drill room, etc. The officers of this company in August, 1914, were as follows: Robert T. Richardson, captain; Louis A. Rovane, first lieutenant; Clarence E. Powell, second lieutenant. Both the Lee County companies of the Fifty-fourth Regiment have a full quota of non-commissioned officers and enlisted men, and are recognized by the military authorities of the state as well drilled, well disciplined organizations. 

According to the last published report of the adjutant-general, in 1912 Lee County had 5,052 men subject to military duty under the provisions of the constitution. The two regularly organized com- panies include but a small portion of the entire number, but if the nation should become involved in war and a call should be made for volunteers, there is no question that old Lee's response would be as prompt and complete as it was at the beginning of the great Civil war of 1861-65.


Source:  History of Lee County, Iowa, by Dr. S. W. Moorhead and Nelson C. Roberts, 1914

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