| 1942: Flying fortress | 1942:
Honored in Hawaii | 1943: Crosses Awarded | 1943:
50 Miles Closer to Rabaul | 1944: One-Man Attack Force
New York Times
New York, New York
Contributed & transcribed by Stephen D. Williams
Friday, 7 Aug. 1942, pg. 4
Flying Fortress Over Wake Took
6 Japanese Fighters in Its Stride
Forty-Minute Battle, in Which Army Bomber
Downed Four of the Enemy's Zero and
New-Type Planes, Described by Airmen
By ROBERT TRUMBULL
By Telephone to THE NEW YORK TIMES.
Friday, 18 Sept. 1942, pg. 6
79 U.S. ARMY FLIERS
HONORED IN HAWAII
28 Who Died in the Battle of
Midway Are Among Those
BARRED CONQUEST BY FOE
General Hale Says Americans
of Three Services Made an
Special Cable to THE NEW YORK TIMES.
HICKAM FIELD, Omahu, Hawaii, Sept. 17--Major Gen. Willis H. Hale, commander
of the Seventh United States Army Air Force, at a review here today presented awards
honoring seventy-nine of his fliers for heroism, including combat action in the
midway battle, the bombing of Wake and the later photographic flight over Wake in
which a Flying Fortress commanded by Major George Glober shot down for of six Japanese
fighters and accomplished its mission.
Twenty-eight of the medals were awarded posthumously to officers and men
who died in the Midway battle. These were received by members of the Honolulu Red
Cross as proxies for the next of kin.
Referring to Japan's Midway attack, whose purpose, he declared, was to "knock
out" the Hawaiian Islands, General Hale said:
"The Japs might have succeeded in their ill-starred venture of conquest
had they not underestimated the precautions of our higher command and the courage
and fighting ability of you brave men of our Army Air Forces. Teamed up with our
Navy and Marine Corps, you made an invincible combination."
Speaking of those who failed to return, he said:
"Nothing less than a complete and annihilating victory over the enemy
can atone for their great sacrifice."
The list of awards:
Distinguished Service Cross
For extraordinary heroism during the Battle of Midway:
JOHNSON, Lieutenant R. H., Chicago.
MOORE, Lieutenant P. L., El Centro, Calif.
ASHLEY, Private E. D., Williamston, S. C.
JOYCE, Corporal J. D., 114 Washingtion St., Taylor, Pa.
For meritorious conduct during participation in the Battle of Midway:
FRANKLIN, 2d Lieut. OLIVER R., Oahu, T. H.
WILLIAMS, 2d Lieut. WARREN C., Stockton, Ga.
GAGNON, Top Sergeant JOSEPH, Faust, N. Y.
(continued on 1st column below)
HONOLULU, Aug. 6 -- Three Army flying officers, who
headed a crew of ten that took a Flying Fortress over Wake Island last Friday
[Saturday at Wake] on a special mission and knocked down four of six attacking
Japanese fighters, sat in the lounge of an Air Corps rest camp at Oahu Beach today
and told how they did it. It was another story of superior American flying and
gunnery and demonstrated again the potency of the Flying Fortress.
The officers did not disclose the nature of their business over the Japanese-held
island 2,000 miles west of Honolulu.
[The War Department, in reporting the incident Wednesday, said the
flying Fortress was on a photographic mission.]
The pilot of the big B-17 bomber was Major George E. Glober of San Angelo,
Texas, a boyish looking officer who has been flying planes for eleven of his twenty-seven
years. His navigator, Second Lieutenant Harry W. Smith, 28, of Bucksport, Me., and
his copilot, Second Lieutenant Clyde B. Walker, 27, of Portland, Ore., helped him
tell the story of their forty-minute running fight.
Despite a heavy overcast and low visibility, then hit Wake Island dead center,
flying at high altitude. As the B-17 went over the island the six Japanese fighter
planes took off.
Apparently the enemy was surprised or the planes would have been in the air
waiting for them, Major Glober remarked. Wake lay below in a circle of clear weather
with clouds all around.
They saw two small vessels of the sampan type in the Wake lagoon and a four-engine
flying boat at the landing ramp.
Four of the six enemy fighters that climbed to meet them were Zeros. The
other two were of a new type with in-line, liquid-cooled engines, resembling the
German Heinkel 113 or the Messerschmitt 111. Major Glober's crew brought down two
of three of the Zeros and one or both of the new planes for their total bag of four.
As the fighters climbed Major Glober coolly flew across the island, turned
back, crossed a second time and was returning on his fourth lap when the Japanese
arrived and the battle began.
Operating singly, the Japanese pulled far ahead until they had the advantage
of altitude. They then turned to attack from all sides, some diving in at the Fortress,
others dipping below and sweeping up to rake the big plane's belly.
One of the new-type planes came up for a shot and met a fatal burst of fire
from the Flying Fortress at
||about 200 yards' range. Lieutenant Smith saw his tracers rip into
the foe's motor section and the fighter spouted flame. It was last seen spinning
down to the sea.
Meanwhile, a Zero pilot manoeuvring to the rear of the Fortress and below,
fired a burst of incendiaries. it was his last. A gunner got him when he was still
400 yards off.
"A sort of mist began pouring from his engine and he dropped away like
a falling leaf," said Lieutenant Walker.
Another new-type plane challenged next, coming so close that a gunner in
the B-17 did not use his sight. The gunner shot off a wing with tracers.
"He was shot al to hell," said Lieutenant Walker. "It seems
characteristic of Zeros that they disintegrate when badly hit."
Two gunners worked as a team to bring down the fourth Japanese, a Zero. The
enemy fighter met a stream of American bullets when he was 200 years off and immediately
went into the fatal spin, smoke pouring from his underside.
All the time, the Fortress, its original mission successfully accomplished,
was heading homeward.
What happened to the fifth Japanese plane the officers did not know. the
sixth enemy pilot followed the Flying fortress 150 miles from Wake and there was
considerable doubt that he could get back to his base.
The other officers had high praise for Major Glober's manoeuvring. Once,
said Lieutenant Walker, he picked up his microphone to ask for a turn and before
he could get the microphone to his lips Major Glober had brought the big plane into
When the Flying Fortress landed at her mid-Pacific "Shangri La"
she had only three slight wounds--a hole in the left wing, one in the stabilizer
and a hit on the gun cradle in the radio cabin. How the Japanese missed so often
puzzled the Fortress crew, since the action was so close that one of the enemy fighters
came within fifteen years of the bomber's wake.
Major Glober has had the same crew with him for seven months and he saw in
this battle an argument for his contention that combat crews should be kept together.
Enlisted men in the crew were Technical Sergeant C. B. Phillips of Oneida,
Tenn.; Staff Sergeant H. R. Inman of Scranton, Pa.; Corporal R. A. Fries of Chambersburg,
Pa.; Corporal R. L. Holliday of Milwaukee, Corporal J. D.
Lillis of Williamsburg, Iowa; Sergeant J. T. Sanford of Long Island, N. Y.,
and Staff Sergeant E. H. Caton of New Bedford, Mass.
(continued from 3rd column above)
MILLER, Top Sergeant ELWOOD F., Columbia, Pa.
MOSHER, Top Sergeant CARL N., Pontiac, Mich.
BRAGG, Staff Sergeant JIM L., Richwood, Va.
GALLANT, Staff Sergeant LEONARD A., Norway, Me.
WINEY, Staff Sergeant JAMES B., Toledo, Ohio.
EPLING, Sergeant WORTH A., La Grande, Ore.
GUSIC, Sergeant PERRY, Hammond, Ind.
KRANTZ, Sergeant HOWARD L., St. Georgas, Del.
ROGERS, Sergeant CECIL A., Collins, Miss.
SIDLER, Sergeant WALTER J., Sioux City, Iowa.
CHAPMAN, Pvt. 1st Cl. ROBERT D. Andalusia, Pa.
GRADY, Pvt. 2st Cl. MARTIN T., 539 West 51st St., New York.
BERRY, Private KENNETH W., Riverton, Ill.
CAVINESS, Private SANFORD L., Bolivar, Mo.
Distinguished Flying Cross
For a dangerous mission over enemy territory:
RAMEY, Colonel ROGER M., Denton, Texas.
LANDON, Colonel TRUMAN H., Carlinville, Ill. (Los Angeles, Calif.).
PHARR, Major MARION N., Gainesville, Ga.
HENSLEY, 1st Lieut. HAROLD P., Oakland, Calif.
ZUMWALT, 1st Lieut. McLYLE G., Richmond, Texas.
PASHALL, 1st Lieut. BENJAMIN 3d, F. Denton, Texas.
SAGE, 2d Lieut. HUBERT P., Drew, Miss.
MEEHAN, Colonel ARTHUR W., Indianapolis, Ind.
WALDRON, Lieut. Col. RUSSELL L., Wellston, Ohio.
WILKINSON, Captain WARREN L., Lincolnton, N. C.
WAGNON, 1st Lieut. MANFORD K., Mathis, Texas.
BRIGHT, 1st Lieut. ROY R., Eveleth, Minn.
WARREN, 1st Lieut. THOMAS N., Macon, Ga.
Distinguished Flying Cross
For participation in a dangerous flight form Honolulu to the Philippine Islands:
MOORE, Lieut. Col. ERNEST, Piedmont, Calif.
BLAKE, Lieut. Col. GORDON A., Charles City, Iowa.
||FLICKINGER, Major DONALD D., Long Beach Calif.
Distinguished Service Cross
For a dangerous mission over enemy territory:
GLOBER, Major G. E., Tampa, Fla.
SMITH, Lieutenant H. W., Bucksport, Me.
WALKER, Lieutenant C. B., Beverly Hills, Calif.
SANFORD, Sergeant J. T., East Quogue, L. I.
HOLLIDAY, Corporal R. L., Milwaukee, Wis.
LILLIS, Corporal J. D., Williamsburg, Iowa.
INMAN, Staff Sergeant H. R., Scranton, Pa.
FRIES, Corporal R. A., Chambersburg, Pa.
PHILLIPS, Technical Sergeant C. B., Oneida, Tenn.
CATON, Staff Sergeant E. M., New Bedford, Mass.
For participation in removing bodies from a burning B-17:
WALTHER, Captain J. E., Rushville, Ind.
PALOMBINI, Private F. Q., Pittsburgh, Pa.
SANTO, Private C. F., Camden, N.J.
ROSE, 1st Lieut. JOHN H., Minneapolis, Minn.
QUARLES, 1st Sergeant BEN W., Teadue, Texas.
PRICE, Sergeant ROBERT F., Eldora, Iowa.
WARGO, Corporal PETER, Nahanny City, Pa.
Distinguished Flying Cross
WATSON, 2d Lieut. WILLIAM S.; wife, Mrs. Alice S. Watson, Dixon, Ill.
WHITTINGTON, 2d Lieut. LEONARD H.; father, T. T. Whittington, Roscoe, Texas.
SCHAUMAN, 2d Lieut. JOHN P.; nearest of kin, Mrs. Ethel K. Schuman, Denver, Col.
MAYES, 1st Lieut. HERBERT C.; wife, Mrs. H. C. Mayes, Redwood City, Calif.
M'CALLISTER, 2d Lieut. GARRET H.; mother, Mrs. Mark E. McCallister, Shawnee, Okla.
HARGIS, 2d Lieut. WILLIAM D. Jr.; father, William D. Hargis, Striglor, Okla.
BARNICLE, 2d Lieut. GERALD J.;
|| mother, Mrs. Michael Barnicle, Fitchburg, Mass.
BATTAGLIA, Staff Sergeant SALVATORE; father, Michael Battaglia, 27-9 Monroe St.,
New York City, N. Y.
DECKER, Staff Sergeant RICHARD C.; mother, Mrs. Malelda Decker, Council Bluff, Iowa.
MOHON, Staff Sergeant ERNEST M. Jr.; nearest of kin, Mrs. Cola Plock, Bruni, Texas.
OWEN, Sergeant ALBERT E.; mother, Mrs. Calista Owen, Grand Island, Neb.
VIA, Sergeant JAMES E.; mother, Mrs. Minnie Pearli Via, Kansas City, Kan.
SEITZ, Corporal BERNARD G.; father, George Seitz, 207 West Elm Street, New York
HUFFSTICKLER, Private BENJAMIN F.; sister, Mrs. C. O. Hartsill, East Gastonia, N.
WALSTERS, Private ROY W.; mother, Mrs. Laura J. Walters, Nazareth, Pa.
PORTER, 1st Lieut. ROBERT S.; wife, Mrs. R. S. Porter, Temple, Texas.
AUMAN, 2d Lieut. WILLIAM R.; father, Charles B. Auman, Biscoe, N. C.
BROWN, 2d Lieut. ROBERT C.; mother, Mrs. A. L. Brown, Horatio, Ark.
KACMARCIK [sic], 2d Lieut. CHESTER J.; mother, Mrs. Anna Macmarcik, Shirley, Mass.
DURRETT, Staff Sergeant FREEBOURN E.; mother, Octa Belle Durrett, Lakeview Texas.
STAERK, Staff Sergeant MELVIN C.; wife, Mrs. Margaret Staerk, Altoona, Pa.
PLEDGER, Sergeant ROBERT E.; mother, Flore M. Pledger, Spencerport, N. Y.
HEATH, Corporal CLIFFTON C.; father, Clifton C. Heath, Arlington, Va.
McCORMICK, Corporal FLOYD J.; mother, Mrs. Helen McCormick, Prentice, Wis.
BARTON, Corporal PHILIP D.; father, Ray Barton, St. Louis, Mo.
WOOD, Corporal JAMES E., mother, Mrs. Zore E. Wood, Littlefield, Texas.
PEOPLES, Master Sergeant FRED; wife, Mrs. Helen Peoples, San Antonio, Texas.
NAVE, Lieutenant JOSEPH D.; father, Purl Nave, Lima, Ohio.
Tuesday, 2 Mar. 1943, pg. 9
CROSSES ARE AWARDED
WASHINGTON, March 1 (AP)--Decorations have been awarded to fourteen naval
aviation officers, the Navy reported today, for skill and daring displayed during
attack and patrol missions against the Japanese in the western Aleutian Islands.
TO 14 NAVEL FLIERS
Group Honored for Feats in the
Announcement also was made of decorations of seven officers who participated in
rescues at sea.
Among those who won the navy and Marine Corps medal for swimming to save persons
either drowning or stranded were: Lieutenant Henry A. V. Post 27, whose mother,
Mrs. Edwin M. Post, lives at 230 East Seventy-first Street, New York, and Lieutenant
Edward A. Michel Jr., 30, of 610 East Seventh Street, Jamestown.
The Silver Star for gallantry in the Solomon Islands area has been awarded by the
Army to Air Corps officers and personnel as follows: Major Walter Y. Lucas of Starkville,
Miss.; Lieutenant Wayne W. Thompson of Seward, Neb.; Lieutenant John G. Hemans of
Onondoga, Mich.; Sergeant Floyd R. Blair of Spur, Texas; Sergeant James F. Gates
of Cleveland, Miss.; Corporal Clinton C. Hamilton of Brigby, N. D.; Corporal Robert
A. Fries of Chambersburg, Pa.; Corporal Roger W. Ferguson of Jacksonville, Ill.;
Corporal Joseph D. Lillis of Williamsburg, Iowa,
and Private Patrick J. Arthur of Broken Bow, Neb.
Tuesday, 17 Aug. 1943, pg. 7
50 Miles Closer to Rabaul
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN AUSTRALIA, Tuesday, Aug. 17--In occupying Vella Lavella
the Allies went about fifty miles closer to the great Japanese base at Rabaul.
Vella Lavella is about 400 miles southeast of Rabaul, Japanese military center
on New Britain Island. American forces on New Georgia are about 450 miles from Rabaul.
Occupation of Vella Lavella gives the Americans a base of operations only
sixteen miles form Kolombangara Island, where the enemy has garrisons at Vila, site
of a base and airdrome, and Kape Harbor.
The Americans now are along the western shores of Vella Gulf, sea highway
for enemy supply shipments coming down form the north for Vila and perhaps Bairoko
Harbor, the only remaining point of New Georgia Island where the enemy is putting
up an organized resistance.
Observers here pointed out that the occupation also deprives the Japanese
of a near-by base to which to withdraw in case they abandon Vila and Bairoko.
Front dispatches described the battle for Roosevelt Ridge, on the southern
approaches to Salamaua in New Guinea, as a bitterly fought contest in which the
Japanese, perched on the hill crests, rolled grenades down on their attackers.
No report was made on the progress of American troops closing in on Bairoko,
on New Georgia
(continued on 3rd column)
Island, last reported attacking a Japanese pocket of resistance four and one-half
miles southwest of Bairko Harbor, from two directions.
Supported by American and Australian artillery batteries looping a heavy
rain of shells on the Japanese hill positions before Salamaua, the United States
troops "strung out like beads on a thread" Sunday gained several strategic
knolls after a sharp clash. The advance gave the attackers a good command of enemy
defenses on the west end of Roosevelt Ridge which skirts the north end of Tambu
Bay. [Roosevelt Ridge was named for Major Archibald Roosevelt, the Associated Press
Japanese casualties were said to be many times those of the Allies as the
enemy sought to cling to the ridge, one of the most important positions along the
Describing the previous fighting on Roosevelt Ridge, Pvt. Melvin Capelle, 23, of
Portland, Ore., returning from the front to a rear base, said:
"Day after day we tried again and again, and almost reached the top.
It takes five hours to fight your way to the summit, sometimes climbing hand over
hand. Then the Japs lob hand grenades and it is impossible to go farther."
The bitterness of the enemy opposition was confirmed by Sgt. Harold L. Ayers,
of Portland, Ore., who said:
"Taking that ridge against those Japs dug in those pillboxes is a darned
good job. Those pillboxes must be seen to be believed. I have been atop them and
dropped grenades inside, but the Japs still seem to survive."
Sergeant Ayers speculated that the enemy pillboxes have a deep pit in the center
with the soldiers standing around a narrow ledge so that grenades drop into the
pit without harming the men.
"But we are learning by experience and we will soon find all the answers,"
The Allied forces in the Salamaua sector were saved from an enemy air attack
Sunday when Airacobras, of the Fifth United States Army Air Force, intercepted a
force of twelve bombers and twenty-five fighters near Lae and shot down fourteen
at a rate of about one every four seconds, dispatches revealed. Eleven bombers and
three fighters were destroyed in less than a minute, against a loss of three Airacobras.
Not only was it a triumph for the Airacobra outfit, but it also marked an
auspicious debut for "the Endicott Special," named for the students of
Endicott Union High School, New York, who bought the fighter and presented it to
Capt. Grant Dubishire of Williamsburg, Iowa,
who led the Airacobras with "the Endicott Special," said:
"The whole business lasted under a minute. I went in first, diving into
the Jap formation with two wingmen, while the others followed in flights of three.
I took to three Jap leaders. All three went down smoking.
"The Endicott Special came through unscratched, and you can tell the
Endicott kids that she's a grand little ship. She certainly made a grand debut."
Sunday, 5 Mar. 1944, pg. 11
Lone Pilot in Big Bomber
A THIRTEENTH AAF BOMBER BASE, South Pacific, March 4--A Mitchell bomber normally
carries a crew of six or seven men, but Second Lieut. James
Cook, 24, of Williamsburg, Iowa, took one up alone and made a one-man attack
on Rabaul, Japanese base on New Britain, it was revealed today.
Made Attack on Rabaul
By The United Press.
Lieutenant Cook said he made the flight Jan. 14 "on the spur of the
moment." He brought the giant plane home through tropic storms and without
instruments or lights, which had been shot out by anti-aircraft fire.
Because of heavy storms, eleven other bombers that had set out on another
Rabaul mission turned back but Lieut. Cook climbed to 8,000 feet to pass mountains
and go in for his lone-wolf attack.
Monday, 6 Mar. 1944, pg. 7
Lieut. James E. Cook, Williamsburg, Iowa,
took up a Mitchell bomber which normally carries a crew of six and piloted the craft
through a tropical storm to loose his bombs on the Japanese base at Rabaul.
ONE-MAN ATTACK FORCE
Associated Press Wirephoto