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Harlan, Edgar Rubey.
A Narrative History of the People of Iowa.
 Vol IV. Chicago: American Historical Society,  1931


CHARLES A. HACKE is one of the progressive newspaper men of the younger generation in the Hawkeye State and his residence is maintained in the thriving little City of Lone Tree, Johnson County, where he is editor and publisher of the Lone Tree Reporter.

Mr. Hacke was born at Barnes, Washington County, Kansas, September 27, 1895, and is a son of John William and Ellen Jane (Wray) Hacke, whose marriage was there solemnized and who passed the closing years of their lives in Iowa, where the death of the former occurred February 28, 1925, and that of the latter on the 3rd of April of the following year, their surviving children being three sons:  Frederick C., of Indianola, Iowa; Charles A., immediate subject of this review; and James E., of Athens, Georgia.

John W. Hacke was born near Nichols, Muscatine County, Iowa, a representative of a pioneer family of that section of the state and of staunch German and English ancestry.  Conditions of time and place were such that he received only a common-school education, but his appreciation of the value of education was such in later years that he accorded college advantages to each of his three sons.  His active career was one of close association with farm industry, and he was a young man when he became a farmer in Washington County, Kansas.  Thence he eventually returned, accompanied by his wife and children, to his native county in Iowa, and in this state he and his wife passed the remainder of their lives, secure in the high regard of all who knew them.  In coming from Kansas to Iowa they made the overland journey with team and covered wagon, thus reverting to the transportation system that was more common in the earlier pioneer period of western history.

Charles A. Hacke was a child at the time of the removal from Kansas to Iowa, and here his early education was acquired through the public schools, including the high school at Lone Tree, in which he was graduated in 1913.  He was president of his class in his senior year, was a member of the track team and otherwise active in the student athletics, besides having been a member of the debating team and the dramatic organization of the high school in his home community.  After teaching in one of the rural schools of Johnson County about a year Mr. Hacke, in  1914, entered Coe College, in the City of Cedar Rapids where he pursued an academic or liberal arts course and was a member of the College Glee Club.  In 1915 he again taught rural school, and in the following year he became a student in the University of Iowa.  His studies were interrupted when he volunteered for World war service, in May, 1917.  He enlisted and qualified for the officers training camp at Fort Snelling, Minnesota, but soon afterward he met with an accident that resulted in the fracturing of the bones of one of his legs, so that he was incapacitated for immediate patriotic service.  In December, 1917, however, he enlisted in the ordnance department of the United States Army and was stationed at Camp Dodge, near Des Moines, until, as a casual, he was assigned to duty at Camp Hancock, Georgia, near Augusta.  Thence he proceeded, July 4, 1918, with his command to Camp Mills, Long Island, and on the 9th of that month they sailed, on the transport steamship America, for overseas service.  After landing at Brest, France, Mr. Hacke attended the machine-gun school at Saint Jean de Mons, and thence, in January, 1919, he was assigned to duty at Saint Nazaire, where he was stationed after the time the armistice brought the war to a close.  He returned to the United States on the steamship Manchuria and at Camp Funston, Kansas, he received his honorable discharge February 8, 1919.

After the termination of his World war service Mr. Hacke resumed his studies in the University of Iowa, and from the same he received in 1920 his degree of Bachelor of Arts.  In September of that year he became superintendent of the public schools at Stanton, North Dakota, where he remained until 1922, and where he organized the Parent-Teachers Association and also the first high school basketball team, besides which he was superintendent of the Union Sunday School at that place, became a member of the local post of the American Legion and was otherwise prominent in community affairs.  He so raised the standard of the Stanton schools as to gain to the high school a place on the accredited list.  Upon leaving that assignment Mr. Hacke returned to Iowa and became superintendent of the public schools at Volga City, where he likewise made a record of successful pedagogic and executive achievement.  In February, 1923, he purchased the plant and business of the Lone Tree Reporter, of which he has continued editor and publisher and which he makes a most loyal and effective exponent of general news and communal interests.  In this connection he had to acquire practical knowledge of the printing art and business, and that he made a characteristic record of success in his new field of endeavor is attested by that fact that in 1925 he was awarded a silver loving-cup on the basis of his conduction the best newspaper published in a town of less than 1,000 population in the entire State of Iowa.  In his home town he is secretary of the Community Club, president of the Parent-Teachers Association, superintendent of the Sunday School of the Reformed Church, and a member of the consistory of this religious denomination.  Mr. Hacke is a past master of the local lodge of Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, and he and his wife have affiliation with the local chapter of the Eastern Star.  He is past commander of the American Legion and functioned as systematizer of its flag ritual or usage.

June 23, 1920, marked the marriage of Mr. Hacke to Miss Alice Day, daughter of the late Dr. G. L. Day, of Lone Tree, who was successfully engaged in practice as a physician and surgeon during a period of nearly thirty years.  Mr. and Mrs. Hacke have three children:  Joyce Elizabeth, born August 31, 1921; Day Frederick, born July 3, 1925; and Madelyn Jane, born July 22, 1927.


DAVID E. HADDEN, of Alta, former member of the Iowa State Pharmacy Board, was born in Ireland, October 22, 1866, son of George and Mary Hadden.  In 1881, when he was fifteen years of age, he accompanied his family to the United States.  After a short residence at Le Mars, Iowa, they moved to South Dakota, then part of Dakota Territory.  Dr. George Hadden performed the service of a pioneer physician in South Dakota for twelve years.  He then established his home at Alta, Iowa, where he continued the practice of medicine for many years.

David E. Hadden had school advantages in Iowa and had been a student for two years in Wesley College at Dublin before coming to the United States.  In 1893 he became a member of the firm of C. E. Cameron & Company, druggists at Alta, and it was his permanent business connection.  Later, in 1903 he entered Morningside College at Sioux City, and graduated Bachelor of Science in 1904, having majored in chemistry and pharmacy.

Mr. Hadden was appointed a member of the State Pharmacy Board in 1909, by Governor Carroll, to fill a vacancy and was reappointed by the same governor in 1911, by Governor Clarke in 1914, and by Governor Harding in 1917.

Mr. Hadden married in September, 1889, Miss Emeline Dier, of Le Mars, Iowa.  Their two children were Lola E. and Edward A. Mr. Hadden began voting as a Democrat, is a Methodist, member of the Masonic fraternity and Independent Order of Odd Fellows.  For ten years he was a member of the Alta board of education, and among various civic interests the schools always made first claim upon his attention and effort.  His hobby has been astronomy and meteorology, and at his home he built a small but excellent observatory, and some of the work he did there has been highly commended by professional astronomers.  He has been a frequent contributor to astronomical publications, and in December, 1929, delivered a detailed report on "Noteworthy solar disturbances observed at Alta during the past forty years," before a convention of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, held at Des Moines.


CHARLES H. HALL, a lawyer and a member of the Story County bar, has practiced law at Nevada, Iowa, since July, 1909.  He was born at the old inland town of Peoria, in the northern part of Polk County, Iowa, on October 25, 1880, and is the son of James M. Hall and Mary J. (Bell) Hall, both of whom were natives of the State of Indiana and came to Iowa with their parents when children.  The grandparents on his father's side were Henry and Dinah (McClay) Hall, who settled near the town of Mitchellville, Polk County, Iowa, in about 1855.  The grandparents on his mother's side were Henry and Margaret (Grabel) Bell, and were early settlers in the northern part of Polk County, Iowa.  The Halls, as a family, might be considered as a family of merchants, the grandfather, Henry Hall, having conducted a general merchandise business in the old town of Peoria about the time of the Civil war, Peoria then being a village of no little consequence in that section of the country and a very important inland trading center.  James M. Hall, the father of the subject of this sketch, was also a merchant, as well as his brothers, and started his son Charles out in the same line of business.  They engaged in the general merchandise business as a branch store in the town of Colo, Iowa, from about 1902 to 1906, the general management of this store being in the hands of the son Charles.

In the fall of 1906 Mr. Hall took up the study of law at Drake University and graduated from that institution with honors in June, 1909, and immediately, in the month following, put out his shingle in the county seat of his home county, Nevada, Iowa, where he has been engaged in the general practice of law ever since.  He has never had political ambitions and the only office of a political nature that he has ever held was that of mayor of Nevada for a period of three consecutive terms, and it is generally conceded that he acquitted himself i that position with credit.  He has, during the period of years engaged in the practice of law, attracted to himself one of the largest law practices in story County and, in fact, of Central Iowa, and is well-known through-out the state among the legal profession and is recognized as a practitioner of high standing, who adheres strictly to the ethics of the profession.  From a very early age in his life he has been recognized by his acquaintances as having particular ability along the lines of public speaking, and during the course in his practice of the law has developed a reputation as an outstanding public speaker and a master of the English language.  While his preliminary education was somewhat limited, he having graduated from what was called the Collins High School in 1899, which was at that time only about an eighth grade education, he has been a student all of his life and has gained for himself a knowledge of most of the branches which would be considered a part of a college curriculum.  His law practice is of a general nature and he is considered, by those who know, to be successful in all of its branches, the most lucrative portion of it being, however, what is called the office practice and the probate division.

He has one son, Oscar L. Hall, born July 31, 1910, at Nevada, Iowa, who is a graduate of the Nevada High School and makes his home with his father in Nevada, Iowa.  Charles H. Hall has one brother, L. M. Hall, residing at Collins, Iowa, and three sisters, Clara Denniston, of Collins, Iowa; Grace Smith, of Toledo, Iowa, and Jennie Biddick, of Marion, Iowa.

Mr. Hall is a member of Nevada Masonic lodge No. 99, and also of the Twentieth Century Club, an ole-time club which has existed for about forty years, and also a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church.


WILLIAM U. HAMMER, Doctor of Dental Surgery, is a native of Iowa, and for over forty years has been a leading representative of his profession at Atlantic, Cass County.

Doctor Hammer was born in Johnson County, Iowa, October 6, 1872, son of John and Catherine Hammer.  His parents were natives of Germany, his father a Bavarian and his mother a native of Wurttemberg.  John Hammer came to the United States in the early '50s, and enlisted and served five years in the regular army, including a portion of the Civil war period.  He was discharged before the close of the war on account of ill health.  He and his wife were married at West Point, New York, his wife having come to this country when fourteen years of age.  After the war they moved to Johnson County, Iowa, and lived out their lives there and are buried in that county.  The father, who died in 1875, followed the business of stone mason and farmer.  Of their eleven children Doctor Hammer and one other son survive.  His brother is Charles Hammer, a retired farmer at Iowa City.

William U. Hammer attended country schools and as a youth taught for three years.  Part of his education was acquired in the Iowa State Teachers College at Cedar Falls.  In 1898 he entered the University of Iowa, dental department, and was graduated in 1901.  He first practiced at Grundy Center and since 1907 has been established at Atlantic and is one of the busiest professional men of that city.  Doctor Hammer is a member of the Xi Psi Phi dental fraternity, is a Knight Templar Mason, and he and his family are members of the Christian Church.  His wife is a past grand officer of the Eastern Star of Iowa.

Doctor Hammer married, August 22, 1900, Miss Vinnie Ream Murphy, of Oxford, Iowa, daughter of J. W. Murphy, a pioneer farmer of Johnson County.  Mrs. Hammer is a graduate of the Oxford High School.  They have one son, Code L. Hammer.

Code L. Hammer, one of the younger professional men of Atlantic, was born at Oxford, August 14, 1902, graduated from the Atlantic High School in 1920, and took both the liberal arts and dental courses in the University of Iowa.  He graduated with the degree Doctor of Dental Surgery in 1925 and remained at the university as assistant demonstrator in the dental school until 1927, when he joined his father in practice at Atlantic.  He is a member of the Xi Psi Phi dental fraternity, belongs to the Masonic fraternity and the Presbyterian Church.  He married August 22, 1925, Miss Lucille Dufford, of Omaha.  She is a graduate of the Atlantic High School and obtained her A. B. degree at the University of Iowa in 1927.  She taught school at Omaha before her marriage.


FRANK HANNA, M. D., is one of the veteran and honored physicians and surgeons of Pottawattamie County, where he has been established in the practice of his profession in the attractive little City of Walnut during a period of more than half a century and where he has made his influence large and benignant both as a citizen and as a physician and surgeon whose able ministrations have here constituted a communal asset.  The doctor has been identified closely with the development and progress of his home community and is one of its best known and most revered citizens.

Doctor Hanna was born in Licking County Ohio, October 16, 1846, and is a son of Andrew G. and Lavina (Sharp) Hanna, who became the parents of four sons and two daughters.  Of the surviving children Dr. Frank Hanna of this review is the eldest; Andrew has long been identified with mining operations and is now a resident of Colorado; Ruth is the wife of J. M. Dinwiddle, president of the Cedar Rapids Savings Bank, Cedar Rapids, Iowa.  Andrew G. Hanna was born in Pennsylvania, and was engaged in the milling business in Richland County, near Mansfield, Ohio, many years.  Both he and his wife came to Iowa City, Iowa, in 1852, and resided in this state up to the time of their death.  Both were earnest members of the Presbyterian Church, and he was a stalwart advocate of the principles of the Republican party.  One of the sons, the late Col. John T. Hanna, served during the entire period of the Civil war, and gained prominence as a sharpshooter.  He was advanced to the rank of lieutenant colonel, and he continued in service after the close of the war, in command of a negro regiment, his honorable discharge having been accorded in the latter part of the year 1866.

The early education of Dr. Frank Hanna was acquired in Iowa City.  He was a youth when he came to Iowa and gained his measure of pioneer honors.  In preparing for his profession he profited by the advantages of the medical department of the University of Iowa and took further studies in a leading medical school in the City of Chicago.  During the first tow years of his professional career he was engaged in practice at Iowa City, the seat of the University of Iowa, and on the 9th of April, 1873, he established his residence at Walnut, Pottawattamie County, which place was at that time a mere hamlet.  Here he has continued in the practice of his profession during the long intervening years, and in years of continuous practice he is now the virtual dean of his profession in this county. He is an honored member of the Pottawattamie County Medical Society, the Cass County Medical Society and the Iowa State Medical Society.

Doctor Hanna has ever been loyal and progressive as a citizen, is a staunch Republican in political allegiance, is affiliated with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, and his wife is an active member of the Presbyterian Church in her home community, where likewise she has long been a loved personality in the communal social life.

In 1880 Doctor Hanna was united in marriage to Miss Huldah Vanderburg, who was born in the State of New York, and who was reared and educated in Iowa, her father, James D. Vanderburg, who had been a tanner in the old Empire State, having become one of the pioneer farmers of Iowa, where he and his wife passed the remainder of their lives.  Doctor and Mrs. Hanna have no children, but during the long years of their residence in Walnut the children of the community have been numbered among their most loyal and appreciative friends, as one generation has followed another.


EDWARD ALBERT HANSKE, past president of the Jackson County Medical Society, is a resident of Bellevue, and that community has known him in the capacity of a skilled and experienced physician and surgeon for nearly thirty years.

Bellevue is his native town.  He was born there July 4, 1872, son of Frank and Mary (Hassig) Hanske.  His father was born in Baden and his mother in Saxony, Germany, and were brought to America when children.  After their marriage, at Galena, Illinois, they moved across the river to Bellevue, Iowa, where the father was in business as a general merchant. Frank Hanske died in 1880, at the age of forty-two.  He was survived by his widow until 1926.  They had a family of four sons and one daughter:  William J., Frank F., Lee, Bertha and Edward Albert.

Edward Albert Hanske was eight years of age when his father died.  As a boy he was under the necessity of providing at least in part for his own living, and he achieved the goal of his ambition not without overcoming many obstacles in the way.  In 1891 he was graduated from the Bellevue High School.  After a course in the School of Pharmacy in the Highland Park College at Des Moines he returned to Bellevue in 1895 and for two years had charge of the drug business of Ahlers & Son.  In 1897 he entered the Medical College at Louisville, Kentucky, was graduated M. D. in 1901, and in March of the same year returned to his home town qualified for the practice of medicine and surgery.  Doctor Hanske has measured up to the ideals of a very capable doctor.  The opportunities of his own experience have been supplemented by post-graduate work.  He attended Harvard Medical College at Boston in 1907 and the Johns Hopkins University College of Medicine at Baltimore in 1912.  Doctor Hanske is a member of the Iowa state and American Medical Associations, and during the World war was chairman of the local Red Cross Chapter.  He is a Presbyterian, a Republican, and his Masonic affiliations are with Bellevue Lodge No. 51, A. F. and A. M., Bath Kol Chapter No. 94, Royal Arch Masons, at Maquoketa, Tancred Commandery No. 40, Knights Templar, at Maquoketa, and Kaaba Temple of the Mystic Shrine at Davenport.

Doctor Hanske married, November 23, 1910, Miss Anna Fetzner.  Her parents, Valentine and Elizabeth (Roster) Fetzner, formerly lived at Brownsville, Minnesota, and later at Bellevue, Iowa.  Doctor and Mrs. Hanske have one son, Edward A., Jr., born December 16, 1922.


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     REV. JOSEPH M. HANSON. In the life and work of Rev. Joseph M. Hanson, pastor of the Church of the Visitation in Des Moines, is exemplified the high standards in spirituality and scholarship of the Catholic clergy, and probably no man of his sacred calling stands any higher in popular esteem. He was born in Iowa County, Iowa, August 13, 1866, a son of Joseph and Bridget (Morrin) Hanson, natives of Ireland. Both came to Iowa, he about 1850, and she about 1852. They are now deceased, but for many years were farmers of Iowa County. Nine children were born to them, of whom seven are living, and Father Hanson was the second child in order of birth. One sister became a nun, and was known as Sister Presentation, but she is now deceased. The parents were Catholics and the father was a Democrat. A man of liberal education, Joseph Hanson attended the country schools in Ireland and the schools of Iowa City, after his arrival in Iowa, and later taught country schools for a time. He also learned the carpenter trade, and worked at it as well as farming. His father, Michael Hanson, was also an early settler of Iowa County, where he died, and his remains were laid to rest in the Catholic Cemetery at Iowa City. The maternal grandfather, Peter Morrin, was one of the pioneer farmers of Iowa County, to which locality he came from Ireland, and where he spent the remainder of his life.
    Rev. Joseph M. Hanson attended the country schools of Iowa County, and later Saint Ambrose College, Davenport, Iowa, from which he was graduated in 1892, after which he entered Kenrick Seminary, Saint Louis, and completed his studies at Saint Mary's Seminary, Baltimore, Maryland, where he was ordained to the priesthood in June, 1897, by Cardinal Gibbons, after which he taught for one year in Saint Ambrose College at Davenport, Iowa. His first parish was at Avoca, Iowa, and he remained there for six years. While at Avoca he built the rectory and remodeled the church. He was then transferred to Dunlap, Iowa, which position he held for sixteen years. During the period he was at Dunlap, Father Hanson erected a beautiful school and Sisters' home. From there he went to Stuart, Iowa, and during the four years he was there he purchased additional property for the church and erected the parish school. With this excellent record behind him as an executive, he came to Des Moines January 10, 1924, and took charge of the Church of the Visitation at East Ninth and Garfield.
    The parish was established in 1882 and was then located at East Ninth and Walnut streets. This property was purchased by the state in 1914 in order to establish a park surrounding the capital. At the same time the parish had grown to such large proportions that the Right Reverend Austin Dowling, then bishop of Des Moines, divided the parish in 1915, the east half being given to the new Saint Peter's parish, while the remaining portion constituted the new Visitation, ground was purchased and the new parish school, rectory and basement church were erected at the present location. In 1926 the church and Sisters' home were built. There is an excellent school, with 240 pupils enrolled. The church has a membership of about 1400 souls. Father Hanson is a fourth degree Knight of Colombus, and in the smaller towns in which he has lived he has served his order as chaplain. A man of energy, enthusiasm, devoted to his work, and determined to advance his people, Father Hanson is never weary in doing well. He does not confine his work to hose of his own creed, but is ever willing to assist in promoting all worthy measures for the advancement of his city, and is one of the leading citizens of Des Moines.


KEITH C. HARDER, superintendent of schools at Woodbine, began his career as an educator in his native State of Ohio and has ben an Iowa school man since 1922.

He was born at Radcliff, Ohio, December 11, 1897, son of Herbert R. and Emma Ethel (Fitzpatrick) Harder.  His parents are residents of Wilkesville, Ohio.  Mr. Harder had his first advantages in country schools in Ohio, and after graduating from high school in 1916 entered Ohio University.  During 1917-18 he taught at Zaleski, Ohio, and left the school room to join the colors, enlisting in the Naval Aviation Corps.  For two and a half months he was in training at the Dunwoody Institute at Minneapolis, Minnesota.  After the armistice he returned home, was high school principal four months, and for five months attended the Municipal University of Akron, Ohio.  He was paying his way while in this school by work in the Goodrich rubber factory.  He then returned to Ohio University and in 1920 graduated Bachelor of Science in education.  In Ohio he was principal of the high school at Fayette, principal of the high school at Fairfield, and of the Fairfield Centralized at Columbiana, Ohio.

On coming to Iowa Mr. Harder served as principal of the school of Lamoni from 1922 to 1924.  During 1924-25 he was in Iowa State College at Ames, doing work that earned him the Master of Science degree.  In addition to his college degrees Mr. Harder is a man eminently qualified by character and personal temperament for the work of an educator.  He belongs to various teachers organizations and is a member of the fraternities Phi Kappa Phi and Gamma Sigma Delta at Ames, and the Lambda Delta Sigma of Graceland College at Lamoni.

Mr. Harder from 1925 to 1929 was superintendent of schools at Bonaparte, Iowa, and left there in September, 1929, to take up his duties as superintendent at Woodbine.  His first year's work has made a very favorable impression on the community.  Mr. Harder is a member of the Orphans Friend Lodge of Masons at Wilkesville, Ohio, and belongs to the Royal Arch Chapter at Bonaparte, Iowa.  In religion he is a member of the Latter Day Saints Church.  He married Myra B. Nelson, a native of Cherry County, Nebraska, and their two children are Keith Cyril, Jr., and Doris Elaine.


MARTIN HARDSOCG has proved himself a man of thought and action, progress has been his watchword, courage and determination have been his constructive implements, and his genius and his powers have worked not only to his advantage but also to the industrial prestige of the State of Iowa and its City of Ottumwa, the judicial center of Wapello County, where he has developed manufacturing establishments and enterprises of major importance.  Further interest attaches to the career of this honored and self-made captain of industry by the reason of the fact that he was reared in Wapello County, where his parents established the family home in the early pioneer days and when he was a lad of but five years.  Work and service indicated this man of thought and action, and he has not only won but also merited the substantial success that has attended his well ordered efforts.  Though he has passed the psalmist's span of three score years and ten Mr. Hardsocg still functions as the executive head of the three great industrial concerns that he has built up in the City of Ottumwa - the Hardsocg Manufacturing Company, the Hardsocg Wonder Drill Company and the Hardsocg Well Drill Company.  He is president of each of these corporations.

Martin Hardsocg, inventor and manufacturer, was born in Germany, April 20, 1852, and is a son of Christopher and Caroline Hardsocg, who, with their son and daughter, came to the United Stats in 1857, they having disembarked in the port of New York City and having thence continued their westward journey to Iowa.  From Burlington, this state, they drove overland to Agency, Wapello County, where they established a new home in a new land.  Christopher Hardsocg had been identified with linen manufacturing in his native land, but his implacable objection to the enforced military service demanded in Germany led to his immigration to the United States and to the initiation of his pioneer experiences in Iowa, which state was then on the virtual frontier.  His limited financial resources were exhausted at the time of his arrival in Wapello County, and both he and his wife worked at such odd jobs as they could find, the absence of flax having precluded their working at linen-making, in which they were skilled.  Mr. Hardsocg constructed a rude wheelbarrow with which to haul wood for fires in the log house that he rented at Agency, where he later erected for the family a substantial brick house.  Christopher Hardsocg struggled valiantly against adverse conditions, and by hard work made provision for his family.  He assisted in construction of the Chicago & Rock Island Railroad, and later worked as a section man on its line.  The passing years brought him a greater degree of independence, and he never regretted having come to the United States and to the Hawkeye State, where he died at the age of seventy-nine years, his wife likewise having died at a venerable age and the subject of this review being their only son.

Martin Hardsocg was reared under the conditions and influences that marked the pioneer days in Wapello County.  Here as a boy he learned the English language, and here he received limited training in the pioneer schools.  At the age of fifteen years he began his apprenticeship to the trade of blacksmith, his compensation during his three years of apprenticeship having been fifty dollars a year and his board.  He liked working in metals and became a skilled artisan.  He worked at his trade at Smoky Hollow, a coal mining camp near Ottumwa, and there he established a shop of his own, in a building constructed from waste strips from a saw mill.  He was nineteen years of age when he there married Mrs. Malinda Edwards, a widowed stepdaughter of his former employer, George Thornton, and thereafter he followed his trade at other points in Wapello County, his rather negative success having led him to find employment in a stone quarry one summer, and his experience in this connection having been of value to him when he later invented his now celebrated Little Wonder drill.  He was employed in coal mines about four years, and for a time he was employed at the Grimes Wagon Works, Ottumwa, and in this city he established permanent residence in 1880.  In the meanwhile he had engaged in the manufacturing of his hand-power drill for use in coal mines, and had sold the drills personally at various mines in this section of the state.  Study, experimentation and experience enabled him to make improvements in drilling devices and tool hardening, and his Wonder drill eventually became known and was used in mining operations throughout the United States, as well as in foreign lands.  His first factory, one of most modest order, was at Avery, Monroe County, and after centering his interests at Ottumwa he here built up the great manufacturing concerns that perpetuate and honor his name and the products of which find demand far and wide.  He became one of the nation's successful manufacturers of well drills, mining tools, etc., and the factories have kept pace with the march of improvement and progress in the passing years.  The Hardsocg industries at Ottumwa have contributed greatly to the commercial prestige of Iowa, and stand as enduring monuments to their honored founder.  Mr. Hardsocg has recently sold his interest in large part to his sons, but he still continues to be financially and in an executive way connected with the splendid concerns that were developed by him.

Mr. Hardsocg has been one of the world's constructive workers, a reliable and successful business man and a loyal and appreciative citizen.  He has had no desire for participation in so-called practical politics, but is well fortified in his convictions and gives staunch allegiance to the movements of the day.

The year 1871 recorded the marriage of Mr. Hardsocg to Mrs. Malinda (Webb) Edwards, and their children are six in number, two of them being of the first marriage of Mrs. Hardsocg, whose first husband had been a loyal soldier of the Union in the Civil war, his death having occurred within a comparatively short time after the close of that conflict.


CONREID R. HARKIN, physician and surgeon, is the professional man through whose vision and enterprise the community of Osceola is indebted for a hospital service and facilities equal to the best in this section of Southern Iowa.

Doctor Harkin was born in Jefferson County, Iowa, December 18, 1884, son of Walter D. and Mary (Jones) Harkin.  As a youth he set his mind on a professional career, and his earnestness and natural qualifications have enabled him to realize a worthy ambition in his chosen calling.  After finishing high school he spent a year teaching.  He then entered the State University of Iowa, receiving the degree of Doctor of Medicine in 1907.  Since graduating he has accepted many opportunities to improve his technique and skill in surgery, taking post-graduate work and attending clinics all over the United States.

The Harkin Hospital, at Osceola, was founded in 1911, under the supervision and ownership of Doctor Harkin.  It has become an institution of high standing, thoroughly quipped and with a personnel of staff of the highest type available.  The institution's growth and development has frequently required the investment of new capital to meet the increasing demands.  Doctor Harkin is a member of the Des Moines Academy of Medicine, the County and Iowa State Medical Societies and the American Medical Association.

He married, in 1909, Miss Edna M. Emery, who was born in Clarke County, Iowa, daughter of Fred and Esther (Jones) Emery.  She is a graduate of Des Moines University and was a teacher in Iowa schools before her marriage.  They have two sons, Dwight Emery and Walter Alden.  Dwight completed his premedical work in Harvard University, graduating with the class of 1931, while Walter Alden recently graduated from the Osceola High School and expects to enter premedical training.


PAUL N. HARKSEN has been one of the most constructive factors in the business and civic affairs of the town of Gooselake, Clinton County, where he has lived most of his life.  Among other affiliations that mark him as an outstanding citizen of that community is his position as postmaster and as head of the lumber and hardware firm of Paul N. Harksen & Son.

Mr. Harksen was born in Germany, September 18, 1877, and four years later his parents, Ludwig and Paulina (Petersen) Harksen, came to America and settled in Clinton County, Iowa.  The family for nearly half a century have been well known for their industry and thrifty habits.  His father was a wagon maker by trade, and worked in that line for two years near Lyons, then lived two years at Bryant and for eight years had his home at Gooselake.  he then rented a 160 acre farm near Low Moor and was engaged in farming on that place until his death in 1912.  The widowed mother now lives with her daughter, Mrs. Henry Peterson, of Low Moor.  The children of the parents were Paul N., Peter, Johannas, Alvin, Louis, Harry, Alfred, Ida, who became the wife of Hugo Reimer of Elvira, and Lena, wife of Henry Peterson, of Low Moor.

Paul N. Harksen had the advantages of the public schools at Gooselake.  When he was eleven years of age an arrangement was made with a neighboring farmer that he should live with him and work for him for three years at a salary of $6.25 per month.  When this contract was finished at the age of fourteen he began an apprenticeship at the carpenter's trade.  Mr. Harksen has been a factor in the building industry of this locality ever since.  Form journeyman work as a carpenter he entered into the business as a general contractor, and still carries that on.  For the purpose of facilitating his work in this business of contracting he started a lumber yard in 1901.  In 1914 an addition was made to his enterprise by the purchase of Charles Buech's hardware store.  This combined the lumber and hardware business, together with general contracting, all three of which lines are embraced in the business of the firm of Paul N. Harksen & Son.

Mr. Harksen has continuously officiated as postmaster of Gooselake since 1914.  The post office is housed in his store building.  He owns two other town properties.  Mr. Harksen has given much other public service to his community, having served six years as mayor and for six years as president of the school board.  He is a Republican in politics, a member of the German Lutheran Church and is affiliated with the Masonic fraternity and Woodmen of the World.

Mr. Harksen married, February 5, 1902, Miss Ida Kruse, daughter of Peter and Lena (Glese) Kruse.  Her parents were natives of Germany and her father came to this country when about fifteen years of age and spent his active life on a farm near Gooselake.  Both her parents are now deceased.  The only child of Mr. and Mrs. Harksen is Harold, now business partner with his father.  Harold Harksen married Emma Dimesley, of Keota, Iowa.


PHILANDER L. HARPER, retired banker living at Chariton, is a native son of Iowa, and a citizen of whom the state may well be proud, because of his career as a business man and citizen with a rich and varied experience and a long record of constructive activities both in his home state and in the adjoining State of Nebraska.

Mr. Harper seems to have inherited the instincts of the pioneer, the urge to explore new countries, and help carry on the work of civilization, the founding of new communities.  In a way he had some satisfaction of these instincts in Iowa, but more so in Western Nebraska, where he is still remembered as a town builder and one of the outstanding men of prominence in Lincoln County.

Mr. Harper was born at Knoxville, Marion County, Iowa, February 20, 1852, son of John W. and Salina (Dixon) Harper.  His parents grew up near Crawfordsville, Indiana.  The Dixon family came originally from Kennett Square, Chester County, Pennsylvania.  John W. Harper in 1848 established his home at Knoxville, Iowa, and was a merchant in that town until his death in 1855.  His widow survived him many years and passed away at the age of seventy-one, while visiting her daughter at Portland, Oregon.

In 1861, when Mr. Harper was nine years old, his mother settled on a large farm near Osceola in Clarke County, Iowa.  Through this region passed the great emigration bound for the western states and territories, and furnishing supplies to stock shippers and westward bound emigrants was a very important part of local commerce, and it was through a working connection with these interests that Philander L. Harper acquired his fundamental business training, a knowledge that proved of increasing value to him in his later years.

At an early age was impressed upon him the significance of the growing West.  In 1867, when he was about fifteen years old, he rode out over the country on horseback to the place that later became Corning, Iowa.  He recalls his thoughts as he rode over this high country, covered with tall, wild grass.  He endeavored to vision for himself the future, wondering if he would ever live to see this district under cultivation and improved with farms and village communities.  As a matter of fact it was not many years before this anticipation was realized, and in its realization he had the personal satisfaction of knowing that he had helped bring about the upbuilding of Corning as a thriving little city.  Mr. Harper had completed his education in the public schools at Osceola in 1868 and then graduated from the Bryant and Stratton Business College at Burlington.  Returning to Corning, he was associated with his brother-in-law, Mr. Sigler, in the mercantile business, and after a few months he assisted Mr. Sigler in organizing the Bank of Corning, and became cashier of that bank, which for a number of years was the only banking institution in Adams County.  He held that position for ten years, ill health finally compelling him to give up his duties as a banker in the fall of 1879.

He then moved to a large farm near Osceola, where he and his mother owned a section of land, operating it as a stock farm.  During the next four years he lived outdoors and took part in a rather strenuous program as a farmer and stock man, and in the fall of 1883 moved into Osceola and for two years was engaged in a horse and cattle business, shipping stock in all directions.

In 1886 Mr. Harper transferred his active interests from Southern Iowa to what was then a thoroughly typical western community, Lincoln County, Nebraska.  As an associate member of the Lincoln Land Company he established the town of Wallace and also founded the Wallace Security Bank of Wallace, Nebraska.  Following the panic of 1893 he liquidated the Wallace Security Bank by paying the depositors in full and surrendering its charter to the banking board, after which he established the Citizens Security Bank of Wallace and served as its president, while Z. S. Harper was vice president.  The history of this thriving and progressive Nebraska community could not well be written without repeated references to Mr. Harper's activities and influence.  In addition to being the leading banker, he established, in 1895, the Wallace Elevator Company, and for over forty years has been interested in farming and ranching lands in that vicinity.  Some of his lands are located in Perkins County, Nebraska.  For many years he gave his personal supervision to his live stock holdings in that state.  Mr. Harper has always been a stanch Republican in politics, and most of his political activities were in the State of Nebraska.  He was a member of the first town board of Wallace, served as treasurer of the school board, was vice chairman of the Lincoln County central committee and because of the absence of the chairman presided over the committee in most of its meetings.  He was a delegate to numerous county and state conventions, and in any list of influential Republican leaders of Nebraska during the past forty years the name of P. L. Harper would be included. He was a member of the building committee of the Methodist Episcopal Church at Wallace and has always derived a great deal of satisfaction from the fact that the church building was paid for in the panic year of 1893, when churches and nearly all other institutions in the West were having a difficult struggle to exist at all.  He served for a great many years as a trustee of the church of Wallace, and from 1890 to 1896 was a trustee of the Nebraska Wesleyan University of University Place, Nebraska, and contributed of his wisdom and experience as a financier and business man to solving many of the problems confronting that splendid school.

Mr. Harper married at Chariton, Iowa, in January, 1889, Miss Zora Stewart, who was born at Albia, Iowa, and was about a year old when she was taken to Chariton by her parents, George Judson and Amanda (Cramer) Stewart.  The Stewart family have lived in Iowa since territorial times.  Mr. and Mrs. Harper have two daughters.  The older, Eloise, is the wife of Robert V. Evans, of Wallace, Nebraska, and has four sons, Stewart Harper, John Robert, Frederick Smith and Donald Evans.  The daughter Helen is the wife of Peter M. LaVelle, also of Wallace, Nebraska, and their three children are Franklin Harper, Peter Clayton and Barbara Ann.

Mr. and Mrs. Harper now occupy the fine old homestead at Chariton which for many years, was the home of Mrs. Harper's parents.  It stands as a landmark of an old generation in Iowa affairs and is one of the very beautiful places in Chariton.  Mrs. Harper is a woman of intellectual attainments and business ability and is a fine representative of the pioneer element of Iowa citizenship.

While Mr. Harper has been active in politics his ambition has not been satisfied by the rewards of public office, but by the broad constructive service he could render through his qualifications as a business man.  In this way he has been able to wield an influence in the changing destiny of several prosperous localities in the Middle West, and in a career that has in every way reflected material success he has also enjoyed those intangible rewards given to a man in the form of the honor and respect paid by a community to those who exemplify integrity, the high character of public honesty and responsibility.  Now dividing his time between the two states, his career reflects credit on his native State of Iowa, and on the newer State of Nebraska, where his children and grandchildren are active citizens today.


JOSEPH LAWRENCE HARMAN was a resident of Ottumwa for over forty years.  That community came to know and respect his business judgment, his helpful spirit in all civic matters, and his earnestness and probity in all the varied relationships of life.

Mr. Harman was born in Highland County, Ohio, July 21, 1840, a son of David and Esther (Lawrence) Harman.  David Lawrence was a native of the Shenandoah Valley, Virginia, and after living in Ohio for many years came out to Iowa and spent his last years in Wapello County.  Joe L. Harman was reared and educated in his native state, and joined an Ohio regiment for service in the Civil war.  He was a brave and dutiful soldier until the end, coming out with the rank of first lieutenant.

Shortly after the war closed he came west and settled at Ottumwa and engaged in the insurance business.  He was well educated, had a superior knowledge of accountancy, and he brought his skill and judgment to an increasingly successful business career.  Mr. Harman passed away December 16, 1907.

He married, September 10, 1867, Miss Maggie Zollars, who survives him and resides in Ottumwa.  Mrs. Harman was born in Carroll County, Ohio, January 17, 1846, daughter of Danile and Mary Ann (Druckemiller) Zollars.  Her father was a native of Pennsylvania, lived in Ohio for some years and in 1854 came out to Iowa and settled on a farm on the outskirts of Ottumwa in Wapello County.  He afterwards accumulated a large body of land, and eventually turned the farm into additions to the City of Ottumwa, numbering six additions in all.  The Zollars home in early days was widely known for its hospitality.  Mr. and Mrs. Zollars were devout Christians, members of the Methodist Episcopal Church.

Mrs. Harman for forty years has been an earnest member of the Christian Science Church.  She is a recognized practitioner, and she spent a great deal of time in Boston as a student in the Christian Science institution there.  Mrs. Harman was the mother of two children.  Her daughter, Lillie, who has passed away, was the wife of Ben S. Benson, and is survived by a daughter, Mary Katherine, who has always lived with her grandmother, Mrs. Harman.  The son of Mrs. Harman is J. Frank, who married Flora Kurtzaborn, of St. Louis, and has two daughters, Dorothy and Marjory.


FRANK L. HARRINGTON is a native son of Dewitt, Clinton County, and has made a successful record there in business affairs and in devotion to the best interests of the community.

He was born at Dewitt November 11, 1893, son of James S. and Harriet (Naylor) Harrington.  His father was also a native of Iowa, while his mother was born in New York State and came to Iowa in 1890.  His parents are farmers near Dewitt.  Their four children are:  Mary, wife of Herbert E. Wilkinson, of Dewitt, Chauncey S., George A. and Frank L.

Frank L. Harrington after graduating from the Dewitt High School, in 1912, spent two years in Iowa State College at Ames.  For two years he was associated with his brother in operating the home farm and for five years engaged in farming on his own account.  In the meantime he had his military experience during the World war.  He served in Battalion No. 122 of the Engineers Corps and went to France in September, 1918.  He was overseas nearly a year, returning home in 1919.

Mr. Harrington's experience as a practical farmer gave him a solid basis on which to build a business career when in January, 1926, he started the Frank L. Harrington Implement Company.  He has a store building and two lots at 513 Eighth Street, affording him room for carrying on his business as representative of the John Deere and Rock Island lines of implements and machinery.

Mr. Harrington married, January 29, 1918, Miss Mina M. Mulky, daughter of Daniel B. and Margaret Mulky, now deceased.  Her father for many years was located at Knoxville, Iowa, as horse buyer for the eastern market.  The two children of Mr. and Mrs. Harrington are Dorothy and Robert.

Mr.  Harrington in the spring of 1929 was elected a member of the Dewitt School Board.  He is a Republican, is a thirty-second degree Scottish Rite Mason, member of the American Legion, the Dewitt Community Club and the Congregational Church.


GROVE W. HARRIS, M. D.  Included among the men who are prominently identified with the medical profession of Iowa is Dr. Grove W. Harris, who has been engaged in the general practice of medicine and surgery at Marshalltown since 1911.  Known as a capable diagnostician, an able practitioner and a careful and skilled operator, he has attracted to himself a large and representative practice and has won his way fairly to a leading place among the members of his difficult and humane science.

Doctor Harris was born at Lamoille, Marshall County, Iowa, July 24, 1882, and is a son of George W. and Ella S. (Burgess) Harris.  George W. Harris was born at Batavia, New York, where he was educated for the medical profession, and practiced there until 1874, in which year he moved to Lamoille, Iowa, and continued his professional work with added success until 1887, at that time taking up his permanent residence and headquarters at Marshalltown, where he lived until his death in 1921.  He became well and favorably known in his profession, was a progressive practitioner and a close student, and a member of all of the medical organizations.  In 1873, at Batavia, he married Ella S. Burgess, who was born at that place in 1838, and who still survives, and they became the parents of the following children:  Dr. Grove W., of this review; Mrs. Harry Belmore, secretary of the Halsey Stewart Bonding Company of Chicago; Florence G., private secretary to the vice president of the Halsey Stewart Bonding Company of Chicago; and George W., who died at Lamoille, Iowa, when two and one-half years of age.

Grove W. Harris attended the public schools of Marshalltown, and after his graduation from high school entered Marion Sims College, Saint Louis, Missouri, now Saint Louis University, which he attended from 1900 until 1904, graduating in the latter year with the degree of Doctor of Medicine.  He commenced practice in that year at Ferguson, Iowa, where he remained until 1911 and then became a permanent resident of Marshalltown, where he has since built up a large practice in general medicine and surgery, and occupies offices at 106-8 East Main Street.  Doctor Harris is a member of the Marshall County Medical Society, the Iowa Medical Society and the American Medical Association and occupies a recognized position in his profession.  Although he centers the greater part of his interest in his professional duties he has never been indifferent to the duties of citizenship and has always been a supporter of the measures which have contributed to the betterment and advancement of Marshalltown, its institutions and its people.  He is a consistent member of the Congregational Church.

On April 29, 1908, at Marshalltown, Doctor Harris was united in marriage with Miss Clara B. Ketchum, daughter of Nathaniel S. Ketchum, manufacturer of the Ketchum wagon, the first wagon made west of the Mississippi River.  He also served as railroad commissioner of Iowa with Dwight Lewis until his death.  To Doctor and Mrs. Harris there has been born one child:  Helen Elizabeth, born October 28, 1916, a student at the Marshalltown High School.  The pleasant and attractive family home is at 533 West Third Street.


IRVING C. HASTINGS has been a member of the Iowa bar since 1910, and his chief work as a lawyer and citizen has been done in Garner, Hancock County.  Mr. Hastings is a native of New England, but has lived practically all his life in Iowa.

He was born at Corinth, Vermont, May 9, 1886, son of Charles C. and Louise A. (Avery) Hastings.  Both the Hastings and Avery families were represented by soldiers in the Revolutionary war, and Mrs. Louise Hastings was eligible for membership in the Daughters of the American Revolution.  The Hastings family in America was founded by four brothers who came over in Colonial times, two settling in New England and two in Virginia.

Charles C. Hastings was a merchant and business man all  his life.  In 1888 he brought his family to Iowa and for four years conducted a general mercantile business at Cherokee.  His next location was Spencer, and after he sold his local interests as a merchant he was on the road as a traveling salesman for Chicago wholesale grocery house until his death on March 4, 1925.  His wife died March 11, 1911.  He was a Republican and at one time was a candidate for the Iowa State Senate.  Irving C. Hastings has two children:  Glee L., wife of Z. M. Dervend, of New York City, and Ruth J., wife of W. J. Wiese, of Springfield, Massachusetts.

Irving C. Hastings was educated at Spencer, and after one year in high school there entered Culver Military Academy in Indiana, where he was graduated in 1905.  For two years he pursued the academic course in the University of Iowa and then entered the law school of the university, from which he was graduated LL. B. in 1910.  Mr. Hastings practiced at Algona, Iowa, until 1914, when he removed to Garner.  Here he was associated in partnership with J. E. Wichman until the latter's death on March 28, 1929, and he is now conducting an extensive law business alone.  He served as county attorney of Hancock County during 1915-19 and during the World war was local appeal officer and in 1918 entered the Officers Training School at Camp Pike, Arkansas.  The armistice came before he received a commission.

Mr. Hastings has been a member of the Garner School Board.  He is a Republican, is a charter member of the local post of the American Legion, belongs to the Blue Lodge, Royal Arch Chapter and Council of Masons, is a member of the Lions Club, Sigma Chi and Alpha Delta Phi.

He married, September 8, 1914, Miss Emma K. Miller, of Spencer, Iowa, daughter of Albert W. and Emma S. (Lamar) Miller.  Her father was a banker, having organized the First National Bank at Spencer and was its president until his death.  Mrs. Hastings has three sisters and one brother:  Laura A., Mrs. J. A. Gilbreath, Jessie B., wife of N. Legsbeth, Albert W., of Spencer, and Bessie G., who is Mrs. J. A. Wilson, of California.  Mr. and Mrs. Hastings have a son, Charles A., born July 16, 1915.


IRA PAGE HATCH was one of the prominent citizens of Lyon County, an early settler, for many years a practical farmer, and his progressiveness and intellectual interest were widely recognized.  He was a man very successful and influential.

He was born at Knightstown, Indiana, in 1853, son of Harry and Hester Ann (Muzzy) Hatch.  In 1861, when he was eight years of age, the family came out to Iowa and settled at Tipton in Cedar County.  Here he attended public school, completed a course in the Davenport Business College in 1873, and during the following four years his work was in the lumbering business.  He was a farmer near Tipton from 1877 to 1881.

Mr. Hatch in 1881 moved to Lyon County and bought a half section of land.  From 1881 for about twenty-eight years his chief business in Lyon County was farming.  His home place was situated four miles northwest of the town of George.  As a citizen, whether living in the country or in town, he always took an active part in Republican politics.  Mr. Hatch in 1909 moved to the town of George, after which time he continued the direction of his farm lands and other interests.

Mr. Hatch died December 6, 1927, after a long and very useful career.  He was a member of the Modern Woodmen of America and the Modern Brotherhood of America, and gave his generous support to both the Methodist and Presbyterian churches.  He married January 4, 1877, Miss Ellen Miller, daughter of Charles and Roseanna Miller, who survived her husband only five months, having died May 3, 1928.  Mr. and Mrs. Hatch had a family of five children:  Grace, who was born in 1878 and died in infancy; Betha May, born in 1879, married A. E. Anderson and lives in New Orleans; Harry Charles; Sidney Raymond was born in 1885 and is a mining engineer in Old Mexico, at Cananea, Sonora; and Vera Blanche, born in April, 1897, died in November, 1919

Harry Charles Hatch, who was born September 7, 1881, grew up on the home farm in Lyon County and has devoted his active life to electrical engineering, farming and the supervision of the family landed interests.  He was educated in local common schools and high schools, spent one year in Drake University at Des Moines, followed by four years at the State College at Ames, graduating in 1911, with the degree of Bachelor of Science.  In 1912 he built the electric power plant at George, and operated the plant until 1926, when he retired.  He is a man of intelligence and broad outlook.  He is a Republican in politics, a member of the Masonic fraternity and Knights of Pythias and a Presbyterian.

He married in June, 1912, Miss Pansy Horsefall, daughter of William and Emma Horsefall.  They have one daughter, Harriett M., born January 18, 1919.


HORACE M. HAVNER has been engaged in the practice of the law for more than a quarter of a century, and has a secure place as one of the able and successful members of that profession, having served his native state for two terms as attorney general.  He is now established in practice in Des Moines, where his law business is one of a substantial and representative nature.  He has given special attention to corporation law and has won standing both as a trial lawyer and counselor.  Besides being a lawyer of note he has achieved marked success as a business man.  He has dealt largely in real estate, especially Iowa lands, and now owns and operates several Iowa farms.  He also has large interests in Iowa as an executive.  His offices are maintained in the Insurance Exchange Building.

Mr. Havner is a representative of the third generation of the Havner family in Iowa, and was born on a farm in Wayne County November 22, 1871.  David Havner, grandfather of the subject of this review, was born and reared in Lincoln County, North Carolina.  From North Carolina he came with his family to the West and numbered himself among the sterling pioneer settlers in Washington Township, Wayne County, Iowa, where he obtained a quarter-section of land and reclaimed the same into a productive farm.  On this pioneer homestead he and his wife passed the closing years of their lives.

Horace M. Havner is a son of John D. and Rachel (Moore) Havner, the former of whom was born in North Carolina and the latter in Ohio.  The marriage of the parents occurred in Wayne County, Iowa, both having been young when the respective families there made settlement in the early '50s.  The father of Rachel Moore Havner was Burris Moore, who was born in Pennsylvania, later became a resident of Ohio, and finally numbered himself among the pioneer farmers in Wayne County, Iowa, where he and his wife remained until the close of their lives.  John D. Havner assisted in the reclaiming and developing of the pioneer home farm in Wayne County, and there he eventually engaged in farm enterprise in an independent way.  He represented the Hawkeye State as a gallant soldier of the Union in the Civil war, in which he served from 1862 until the close of the great conflict between the North and the South in 1865.  He was a member of Company I, Fourth Iowa Cavalry, and the history of that command constitutes a virtual record of his active military service.  He was a Republican in politics, and he and his wife were zealous members of the Methodist Episcopal Church, both having continued to maintain their home in Wayne County until their death and he having been long and actively affiliated with the Grand Army of the Republic.  Of the five children three survive the honored parents:  Frank holds a position with the Pershing Coal Company at Pershing, Marion County, Iowa; Horace M., of this sketch, is the next younger; and Nellie is the wife of M. T. Brewer, M. D., who is a representative physician and surgeon engaged in practice in the City of Des Moines.  It may be noted in this connection that Doctor Brewer was for a number of years a resident of Mexico, and there served as an official surgeon for the Mexican Central Railroad.  In the World war period he served as a member of the Medical Corps of the United States Army.

The district school near the old home farm in Wayne County afforded Horace M. Havner his preliminary education, and thereafter he continued his studies four years in Simpson College, this state.  In June, 1899, he completed his course in the law department of the University of Iowa, and his reception of the degree of Bachelor of Laws was forthwith followed by his admission to the bar of his native state.  At Marengo, the county seat of Iowa County, he initiated the practice of his profession and there became the junior member of the law firm of Popham & Havner, in which his coadjutor was the Hon. R. G. Popham, who is now serving on the bench of the Eighth Judicial District of the state.  This partnership alliance continued until January, 1917, when Judge Popham took his position on the district bench, and his partner, Mr. Havner, entered service as attorney general of Iowa, both having been elected in November of the preceding year.

Mr. Havner reached the position of attorney general by very natural processes.  He had become an outstanding trial lawyer, his practice being varied and general.  He had evinced resourcefulness and skill, and had achieved large success in prosecuting leading violators of the prohibitory laws of the state.  Mr. Havner tried the cases t put the open saloon out of Iowa County, his home county, Johnson County, Mahaska County and Polk County, the county which included the capital of the state, Des Moines, in which were located eighty-six open saloons at the time the judgment of Ouster was entered.  The people thought they saw in him not only the efficient lawyer, but a man of courage, and a man who had the will and ambition to succeed in the position.  His friends think they were not mistaken.

In the position of attorney general he gave a characteristically loyal and efficient administration, was the incumbent of this office from January, 1917, until January, 1921, and thus he was in service during the entire period of the nation's participation in the World war and consequently had to deal with many problems and questions of exceptional importance.  While thus maintaining his executive headquarters in Des Moines, the capital city, he continued to keep open his law office at Marengo, as senior member of the law firm of Havner & Hatter, which became the virtual successor to the business of the original law firm of Popham & Havner.  After retiring from the office of attorney general Mr. Havner resumed his law practice at Marengo, but since June, 1923, he has maintained his home and professional headquarters in Des Moines.  During his term as attorney general of Iowa he prosecuted some of the most important cases in the legal annals of the state, among which were the Villisca Ax Murder case, in which eight people were killed on the night of June 9, 1912; the famous Rathburn and O'Meara rape case at Ida Grove, Iowa, in connection with which occurred the impeachment proceedings with reference to Gov. W. L. Harding.  In the trial of this case a suit was brought by Mr. Havner as attorney general to cancel the pardon issued by Governor Harding to Ernest Rathburn.  This last suit established for the first time in the judicial history of Iowa the right to cancel by legal procedure a pardon issued by the governor where there was fraud used by the person procuring the same.

In retrospection-while serving as attorney general of Iowa Mr. Havner derives much pride and satisfaction that he had as assistant attorney generals some of the most prominent men in the state today, namely:  Judge Horace H. Carter of Corydon, Iowa, Judge Freeman C. Davidson of Emmetsburg, Iowa, Justice James W. Kindig of the Supreme Court of Iowa, Sioux City, Iowa, Judge Shelby Cullison of Harlan, Iowa (now deceased), W. R. C. Kendrick, insurance commissioner of Iowa, Des Moines, Iowa, Hon. J. W. Sandusky of New Hampton, Iowa, B. J. Powers of Des Moines, Iowa.

The political allegiance of Mr. Havner is given to the Republican party; he has been influential in its councils in Iowa, has done his share in speaking in many political campaigns, and from this state he was a delegate to the Republican National Convention of 1912, which met in Chicago.  On retiring from the office of attorney general he was a candidate for the Republican nomination for governor, and although he failed to reach the goal he made a most creditable showing both  in the primary and in the convention, which had to select from the four aspirants.  He is affiliated with both York and Scottish Rite bodies of the Masonic fraternity, and while a student in the University of Iowa he there became affiliated with the Phi Delta Phi law fraternity.  He and his wife are earnest members of the Grace Methodist Episcopal Church in their home city, and he is serving as a member of its Board of Trustees.  While living at Margeno his prominence as a lay member of the church was signalized by his being elected four times to membership in the General Conference, the conferences of 1908, 1912, 1916 and 1920, and by his being a member for eighteen years of the Book Committee, the directing functionary when the General Conference is not in session, of that great world religious organization.  As a young man Mr. Havner upheld the military honors of the family name by volunteering for and entering service in the Spanish-American war.  He enlisted soon after war was declared, in 1898, and became a member of Company I, Fiftieth Iowa Volunteer Infantry, his command having been stationed at Jacksonville, Florida, at the time the war closed, and he having soon afterward received his honorable discharge.

On the 3rd of January, 1900, was solemnized the marriage of Mr. Havner and Miss Ada Dean, who was born in Pottawattamie County, Iowa, daughter of the late Warren Dean, who was born in the State of Rhode Island and who came to Iowa about 1856 and established himself as a pioneer farmer in Pottawattamie County, he having been one of the substantial and honored pioneer citizens of the Hawkeye State at the time of his death, and having represented this state  as a loyal soldier of the Union during three years of the Civil war.  Mrs. Havner and her daughters are members of the Daughters of the American Revolution, gaining their membership on the maternal side.  Mrs. Havner is a daughter of Georgianna (Hardenburgh) Dean, who recently passed away at the age of eighty-five.  She was a pioneer of Iowa, and was descended from an early Dutch family who emigrated from Holland to Germany, then settled in America, coming to Pine Bush, Ulster County, New York, from whence her parents journeyed West in the early 1850's, settling in Cass County, Iowa.  Mrs. Havner passed the period of her childhood and early youth on the home farm, and she supplemented the discipline of the public schools by four years of study at Simpson College.  Ada Dean, elder of the two children of Mr. and Mrs. Havner, was graduated from the home economics department of Iowa State College at Ames, and she is now the wife of Kenneth Jones, a landscape architect, their home being in Davenport, Iowa.  Rachel Moore Havner, the younger daughter, remains at the at the parental home, she having received the advantages of the celebrated Ward-Belmont School in the City of Nashville, Tennessee, and is now a student in her Junior year in the home economics department of Iowa State College at Ames, Iowa.


RUSSELL R. HAYES, manager of the Denison poultry and creamery products plant of Armour & Company, has a knowledge of the business based upon constant working experience since boyhood, and he not only knows the working of the establishment but has the important asset of knowing personally practically every patron of the business in the rural district around Denison.

Mr. Hayes was born at Denison, April 3, 1891.  His father is Joseph H. Hayes, who was born in Illinois, came to Crawford County, Iowa, when a young man and was a successful farmer and stock raiser.  For a time he was in the commission business at Omaha.  He and his wife are now living retired at Denison.  His wife was Mary Evans, who was born in Wales.  They are members of the Presbyterian Church.

Russell R. Hayes, one of a family of six children, was reared on a farm in Crawford County and has an understanding of farm life and its conditions.  He attended public schools and completed a commercial course at the old Denison Normal Business College.  The first work he did away from home was with the Fairmount Creamery Company of Omaha, where he remained two years.

Returning to Denison, he joined the Nichols Produce Company.  This was an old organization, a collecting and buying agency for poultry, eggs and cream, and Mr. Hayes worked in every department, getting a personal proficiency that afterwards stood him in good stead as an executive.  In 1915, when the business was taken over by Armour & Company, one of the most valuable parts of the purchase by the larger organization was Mr. Hayes himself.  Since July, 1927, he has held the post of manager of the business, which is one of Armour & Company's main stations in Iowa for the collection of Armour standard products of poultry, eggs and cream.

Mr. Hayes, on February 18, 1922, married Marian L. Johnson, who was born in Crawford County, Iowa, daughter of D. O. and Katherine (Maloney) Johnson.  Her father, now deceased, was a Crawford County banker.  Her mother resides at Denison.  Mr. and Mrs. Hayes have three children, Mary Katherine, Russell Robert, Jr., and Marian Lucille.  Politically he is a Republican, is a member of the Chamber of Commerce, Kiwanis Club, Improved Order of Red Men and American Legion Post No. 8 of Denison.

During the World war Mr. Hayes served with Headquarters Company No. 350, Infantry, of the Eighty-eighth Division, and served with the A. E. F. in France.


HON. W. C. HAYWARD left a strong impress upon the commercial life of his home City of Davenport and over the state at large.  He is recalled for his leadership in the Republican party and particularly for his service as secretary of state for many years.

W. C. Hayward died September 17, 1917, at the age of seventy years.  He was born in Cattaraugus County, New York, November 22, 1847, and was of English and Scotch ancestry.  In 1864, when he was seventeen years of age, his parents moved out to Hancock County, Iowa, and in 1867 the family settled in Winnebago County.

W. C. Hayward had the school advantages such as most boys of the Middle West in his generation were able to secure.  His experience included farm work, clerking in a store, teaching two or three terms of school.  At the age of twenty-one he enrolled in the first class at the opening of the Iowa State College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts at Ames and remained in that institution until the middle of his junior year.

After leaving college he had a career of varied and increasingly useful service.  He was surveyor of Winnebago County, was a half owner of the Winnebago Press, and in 1873, at Garner in Hancock County, bought the Hancock Signal and was editor of the paper and postmaster for eleven years.  He helped organize the City Bank of Garner and became its cashier.  This was later merged with the Hancock County Bank, becoming the First National Bank.

W. C. Hayward subsequently became associated with William Finch in the firm of Finch & Hayward, dealers in grain, coal and live stock.  In 1886 the firm moved their headquarters to Davenport, and that was the home and business center of Mr. Hayward the last thirty-five years of his life.  The firm operated a line of twenty-five stations in Iowa, Minnesota and South Dakota.  Mr. Hayward also helped organize and was one of the officers of the company that built the so-called "Slippery Elm" railroad from below Eldora to Iowa Falls and Alden.  He was one of the organizers of the Union Savings Bank of Davenport, served as its president for some years and was president of the Davenport National Bank.

He was a member of the Davenport school board nine years, serving as president of the board for seven years of this time.  A staunch Republican, he enjoyed the confidence of party leaders and his presence was regarded as indispensable in all the councils of the state party.  In 1897 he was elected a member of the State Senate, and reelected in 1901, serving in the Twenty-seventh, Twenty-eight, Twenty-ninth, Thirtieth and Thirty-first General Assemblies.  In 1906 he was called to the responsibilities of the office of secretary of state at Des Moines, and was twice reelected to that office.  After retiring from politics Mr. Hayward concentrated his attention upon his business affairs, giving his attention largely to the Davenport Ladder Company, of which he was president and principal owner.  His son Verner E., is now president and treasurer of this company.

W. C. Hayward married at Forest City, Iowa, May 1, 1872, Miss Della M. Draper.  They became the parents of four children.  The son Roy F. Hayward was an attorney at Bremerton, Washington, and died in 1928.  Another son, Burt W. Hayward, is in the real estate business at Long Beach, California.

Verner E. Hayward, who now represents the family at Davenport, was born in that city, was well educated and as a young man became associated with his father in the Davenport Ladder Company.  He became president of the business in 1917, after his father's death.

Mr. Verner Hayward married, in 1904, Kate Ford, a native of Manchester, Delaware County, Iowa, and daughter of John Ford.  They have three children:  William Ford Hayward, vice president of the Davenport Ladder Company; Katherine B. now Mrs. Vernon W. Furrow, of  Witten, South Dakota; and John.

Verner E. Hayward has many of the social and civic characteristics of his honored father.  He has attained the supreme honorary thirty-third degree in Scottish Rite Masonry, was master of Davenport Lodge No. 37 in 1911, is a member of Davenport Chapter, Royal Arch Masons, St. Simon of Cyrene Commandery, Knights Templar, and has been presiding officer of Zarephath Consistory.  He is a member of Kaaba Temple of the Mystic Shrine and was president of the Masonic Temple Association during the construction of the splendid new temple at Davenport.  He has for several years been a member of the Davenport school board, of which he is now president.  Mr. Hayward is a past president of the Rotary Club, Chamber of Commerce, Outing Club, Contemporary Club.  He and his family are Methodists.


JOSEPH L. HECHT is vice president of French & Hecht, Inc., conducting one of the outstanding industrial organizations of Davenport.  The founders of the business were Colonel French and Judge French.  It was first known as the Bettendorf Metal Wheel Company, starting in 1890.  Since 1909, although without material change of ownership, the business has been operated as French & Hecht.  The plant and facilities largest exclusive manufacturing of metal wheels in the world.  The development and production of the steel-spoke wheels are largely credited to the enterprise and originating genius of this Davenport organization.


AGNES E. HEIGHTSHOE has made a record of long and successful service as a teacher in the Iowa public schools, and in character, scholarship and executive ability is admirably qualified for the administrative and supervisory office of which she is now the incumbent, that of superintendent of the public schools of the City of Perry, metropolis of Dallas County.

Agnes E. Heightshoe was born at Boone, judicial center of the Iowa county of that name, and is the daughter of Samuel and Serena (Allen) Heightshoe, who were respectively natives of Indiana and Ohio.  Early in life they moved with their parents to Wisconsin, and their marriage was solemnized at Appleton, Wisconsin, in 1857.  Both were successful teachers in the schools of Wisconsin in the pioneer days.

Mr. and Mrs. Heightshoe likewise gained their quota of pioneer honors in Iowa, for they came to Boone, Iowa, in the year 1864 and passed twenty years of their lives there, Mr. Heightshoe engaging in the occupation of contractor and builder.  Early in the '80s the family moved to Perry, where they continue to make their home.  Mr. Heightshoe passed away August 16, 1916, when he was eighty-four years of age, and his widow's death occurred April 7, 1926, at the venerable age of eighty-nine years, the names of both meriting an enduring place on the roll of the honored pioneers of Iowa, where they lived and wrought to worthy ends and where they were held in unqualified esteem.

Miss Agnes E. Heightshoe, the fourth in a family of five children, after completing her high school course in Perry, Iowa, entered Iowa State Teachers College at Cedar Falls, an institution then designated as Iowa State Normal School, and from the same she received in 1893 the degree of Bachelor of Didactics and later, in 1903 the degree of Master of Didactics.  She has been an enthusiast in her profession and has insistently kept in touch with the advances made in educational service and system.  Miss Heightshoe availed herself of the summer sessions of the University of Iowa, from which she received in 1911 the degree of Bachelor of Arts.  Through graduate work in the University of Chicago she gained, in 1928, the degree of Master of Art with her major in education.

Miss Heightshoe began her services as a teacher in the public schools of Perry, her first work having been in the primary department, from which she was advanced to the intermediate grades and finally to the high school, of which she was eventually made the principal.  In 1922 she was elected superintendent of the Perry public schools, and in this executive position she has since continued the efficient, popular and valued incumbent; her supervisory administration being over sixty-one teachers, one-third of the number having been added to the staff since she assumed her present office.

It is a remarkable record that Miss Heightshoe has made in her thirty-six years of consecutive service with the Perry public schools, and few have equaled this duration of service in any one city.  She has been insistently the apostle of progress, has brought all departments of the Perry schools to a high standard and has gained to them membership in the North Central Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools and also obtained for the high school a place on the list of cooperating schools with the University of Chicago, a distinction that can be claimed by few cities of the same relative population as that of Perry.  Miss Heightshoe is a member of the O. E. S., No. 142, Perry, and a charter member of Chapter D E - P. E. O; a member of the Business and Professional Woman's Club of Perry, of the State and National Education Associations and last, but not least, of the Presbyterian Church.


ARAM GARABED HEJINIAN, M. D., F. A. C. S.  Intrinsic individual powers and talents have been worthily and effectively developed in the personality of Doctor Hejinian and have given him secure place as one of the representative physicians and surgeons of the Hawkeye State.  His high standing in his profession is attested by the fact that he is a Fellow of the American College of Surgeons, the most distinguished professional organization in the United States.  Doctor Hejinian has been established in the successful practice of his profession at Anamosa, judicial center of Jones County, during a period of more than thirty years, and here he has gained specially high reputation as a skilled and resourceful surgeon.

Doctor Hejinian was born at Arabkir, in the province of Harpoot, Armenia, on the 25th of July, 1863, and is a son of Garabed A. and Suromaly Y. Hejinian.  Garabed Jejinian was a representative of one of the old, aristocratic and influential families of Armenia and his life was one of honor and influential service.  During the period of the Crimean war he was local agent for the province of Harpoot, under appointment by the English government, and he retained this important pot until the close of that historic conflict.  For several years he was the civil head of the Protestant community of Harpoot, which province he represented before the Turkish government.  He gave prolonged service as a member of the municipal council of Arabkir, and held, during a period of about ten years, membership in the Court of Commerce in Constantinople, besides which he held for more than seven years the office of judge of the Court of Commerce at Van, province of Van.  He was influential in the Christian Church in his native land, was prominent also in the advancing of education and was one of the foremost citizens of his city and province.  His death was the sequel of the severe mental shock he received at the time of the Armenian massacre of 1895, he having lost the old family home and estate through fire and pillage at that time, and having met with a supreme loss in the death of one of his sons in that massacre, this son having been a distinguished lawyer and linguist and having been recognized as an advocate in various important courts, including the English courts of Cyprus.  The wife of Garabed Hejinian was a member of the old and influential Yaqubyan family of Arabkir, and representatives of this family are now bankers in Cairo, Egypt.

The more rudimentary education of Dr. Aram G. Hejinian was acquired in the schools in his native city and in a virtual high school at Harpoot.  In 1885 he was graduated in Euphrates College at Harpoot, and prior to his graduation the president of this college, the late Rev. C. H. Wheeler, D. D., had chosen the future Iowa physician and surgeon to teach higher mathematics at the college, in the absence of the regular incumbent, who returned to the United States for further study.  After thus teaching at the college during a period of two years Doctor Hejinian matured and carried into effect his plan to come to the United States.  He left Armenia September 17, 1887, passed the winter with a brother and sister in Cairo, Egypt, and May 22, 1888, he arrived in the port of New York City.  On the 4th of the following month he arrived in Chicago, and in 1890 he was graduated in the Chicago Theological Seminary.  Immediately thereafter he there entered the celebrated Rush Medical College, and he was chaplain of his class at its graduation, in 1893.  He served as inspector for the Chicago health department during the World's Columbian Exposition, after having received his degree of Doctor of Medicine.  The summer of 1893 marked the beginning of the atrocious Armenian massacres, and Doctor Hejinian thus found it out of the question to return to his native land, as he had planned.  He accordingly took a post-graduate course in Rush Medical College, in 1893-94, and he then, through the influence of the late Dr. Nicholas Senn, head professor of surgery at the college and long one of the foremost of American surgeons, gained appointment as resident physician and surgeon in St. Joseph's Hospital, Chicago, where Doctor Senn was in charge of the surgical department.  Doctor Hejinian was thus favored in maturing his skill as a surgeon and diagnostician under the virtually personal preceptorship of that eminent surgeon, and after remaining at the hospital about two years Doctor Hejinian, on the 4th of August,  1896, established his residence at Anamosa, Iowa, where he has since continued in the active practice of his profession and also had charge of the local hospital.  The Doctor has recognized rank as one of the most skilled surgeons in the State of Iowa and he has insistently kept in touch with the advances made in medical and surgical science.  He did post-graduate work in surgery in London, Berlin and Vienna in 1902-03, while abroad with his wife and daughter, with whom he made an extended European tour at that time, besides going to Alexandria and Cairo, in Egypt.  After an absence of nearly nine months the Doctor returned to Anamosa, where he has since continued his earnest and able professional activities, and where he has done many notable operations in both major and miner surgery.  In addition to his hospital  work and private practice he has been local medical examiner for leading life-insurance companies and also for the Modern Woodmen of America and the Mystic Workers of the World.  The Doctor has entered fully and loyally into the civic life of his home city and is president of the Citizens Savings Bank, of which he became a stockholder at the time of its organization.

Doctor Hejinian is a staunch supporter of the cause of the Republican party, and is a deacon of the Congregational Church in his home city.  He has active membership in the Jones County Medical Society, Iowa State Medical Society and American Medical Association, besides having, as previously noted, the distinction of being a Fellow of the American College of Surgeons.  In the World war period he was a member of the Jones County exemption board and also gave zealous service in the furthering of local patriotic movements.  His Masonic affiliations are with Anamosa Lodge No. 42, A. F. and A. M.; Mount Sinai Chapter No. 66, R. A. M.; Olivet Commandery No. 36, Knights Templar; and Moriah Chapter No. 16, Order of the Eastern Star and he is a Rotarian.  He maintains affiliation also with Modern Woodmen of America and the Mystic Workers of the World.

On the 14th of September, 1898, was solemnized the marriage of Doctor Hejinian to Miss Bertha S. Stacy, daughter of the late Judge John S. and Charlotte A. K. Stacy, of Anamosa.  Judge Stacy was one of the most honored and influential citizens of Anamosa during the course of many years and his wife was a direct descendant of the Colonial Governor Bradford of Massachusetts.  Mrs. Hejinian was graduated in the art department of Cornell College and her exceptional talent was further developed through her attending the Chicago Art Institute and the Cowles School of Art in the City of Boston.  Prior to her marriage she served several years as head of the art department of Simpson College, Indianola, Iowa.  Lucea M., elder of the two children of Doctor and Mrs. Hejinian, was born June 18, 1899, was graduated in Mount Holyoke College, Massachusetts, with the degree of Bachelor of Arts, and later she received from the University of Chicago the degree of Master of Arts, and from the University of Iowa the degree of Doctor of Philosophy, she being now (1929) assistant professor of nutrition at the latter institution.  John S., who was born July 2, 1904, was graduated in historic Yale University and now holds a position with the Chase National Bank of New York City.


HON. OLE J. HENDERSON, judge of the Eleventh District Court of Iowa, is a resident of Webster City, where he has been a member of the bar in good standing for over twenty-eight years.

Judge Henderson is a native of Hamilton County, Iowa, born there March 8, 1878, and is of Norwegian parentage and ancestry.  His grandparents all died in Norway.  His father, Lars Henderson, came from Norway and settled in Illinois in 1848, and ten years later moved out to Iowa.  he was with a group of Norwegian colonists who acquired land and developed one of the important pioneer communities of Hamilton County.  Lars Henderson was a man of much business ability, a thoroughly practical agriculturist, and acquired a large amount of land in the county.  He was one of the trusted leaders of the colony of Norwegians in Scott Township.  On going there he helped put up the first school, known as the Sheldall School.  This old school is still standing at the same site, and contains a very interesting selection of pioneer relics, constituting museum.  Lars Henderson was a Republican in politics and a devout Lutheran.  His second wife was Sarah Johnson, also a native of Norway.  They had a family of seven children, all of whom are living, Judge Henderson being next to the youngest child.

Ole J. Henderson was reared in a rural district, attended country schools, and in 1898 graduated with the degree Bachelor of Science from the Iowa State College at Ames.  He had several years of experience as a country school teacher and deputy clerk, and in the meantime was studying law.  In 1902 he graduated LL.B. from the University of Minnesota Law School, was admitted to the bar the same year, and has been continuously in practice at Webster City, Judge Henderson acquired a reputation as an able lawyer and had a large private practice before he was willing to accept any of the honors of politics. His interest in public office has been in the line of his profession.  He served two terms as county attorney, and in March, 1928, was appointed judge of the Eleventh Judicial District.  In the fall of 1928 he was elected by popular vote to that office, succeeding Judge G. D. Thompson.

Judge Henderson is a member of the Iowa State and American Bar Associations.  He is a deacon in the Congregational Church and is a Republican.  He married, in 1906, Miss Mary Brown, who was born and reared at Vinton, Iowa.  Her father, James A. Brown, for many years was secretary of the Iowa School for the Blind.


EDMUND D. HENELY, M. D., has for over thirty years been established as a physician and surgeon, enjoying a very extensive practice at Nora Springs in Floyd County.

Doctor Henely is a native of Iowa, born at Monticello, July 14, 1873, son of Michael and Mary Jane (Kirkley) Henely.  His mother was born in Ohio, of English ancestry.  Michael Henely was a native of Southern Ireland and was left an orphan.  When about fourteen years of age he came to the United States, found work as a farm hand in Ohio, and after his marriage at Springfield in that state came to Iowa.  He devoted his entire life to farming, and acquired a farm in Jones County, Iowa, where he lived until his death in 1893.  The widowed mother passed away at Clarion in 1918.  Michael Henely had only his hands as his capital, but was hard working, thrifty, a man of good practical sense and made ample provision for his family.  Of the eleven children only two are now living, William, a retired farmer at Clarion, and Doctor Henely.  One son, Eugene, became a prominent Iowa educator, being a school superintendent for over twenty years, and in that capacity was head of the schools of Oxford, Brooklyn and Grinnell.

Edmund Henely graduated from the Monticello High School.  Farm work and other jobs gave him money that enabled him to go on with his high education and qualify for a professional career.  He was graduated from Rush Medical College of Chicago in June, 1899, and at once located at Nora Springs, a community that has learned to trust and rely upon his sure skill both as a physician and surgeon.  He has kept himself fit by attending clinics at Rochester, Minnesota, and other places, and has given special attention to surgery.  He is local surgeon for the Rock Island Railroad Company and for a number of years was city health officer.  Doctor Henely is a member of the Floyd County and Cerro Gordo County Medical Societies, the Austin Flint Medical Association, the Iowa State and American Medical Associations.

He married, on Thanksgiving Day, 1899, Miss Bessie S. Shaw, daughter of H. B. Shaw, of Nora Springs.  They are members of the Catholic Church.  Doctor Henely is a member of the local Lions Club and in politics votes for the man rather than the party.


EUGENE HENELY.  The death of Eugene Henely on September 11, 1928, closed a career of remarkable service as an Iowa educator.  Mr. Henely had been a school superintendent for thirty-eight years, all of this time being divided among just three localities.  For twenty-three years before his death he had been superintendent of the Grinnell public schools, and that city and community in particular appreciate his unusual qualities as a teacher and man.

He was a native of Iowa, born near Monticello December 15, 1867, and passed away in his sixty-first year.  He was a son of Michael and Mary Jane (Kirkley) Henely, both natives of Ohio.  His parents came to Iowa in a covered wagon in 1853 and settled near Monticello, where his father devoted the rest of his life to farming.  Michael Henely died in 1902 and his wife in 1918.  One of their sons is William E. Henely, of Clarion, Iowa, and another is Dr. Edmund Henely, of Nora Springs, Iowa.

Eugene Henely grew up on a farm, attended the grade and high schools of Monticello, and in 1890 was graduated from the Iowa State College at Ames.  The first community to which he was called as head of the schools was Oxford, Iowa, where he remained nine years.  For six years he was superintendent of schools of Brooklyn, Iowa, and in 1905 became superintendent at Grinnell.  He gave Grinnell schools an enviable standing among the school systems of the state.  As a result of his work Grinnell has a reputation for its public school system as well as for its splendid college, and is an all around educational center.  As a teacher it is said that no slightest detail was ever too small to be missed or slighted by Mr. Henely.  Each pupil was known and called by name, and he felt a deep interest in his or her welfare not only in school days but through later years.  His graduates of long ago still consulted him upon their plans and work.  Some of the most splendid tributes paid him during his illness and since his death came from former students.  He served in various capacities in the State Teachers Association and in other educational organizations.  He was an active member of the Methodist Church for twenty-eight years, was long identified with the Men's Bible Class of the church at Grinnell, and was steward of the church and a consistent member of the Sunday School.  Fraternally he was a member of the Masonic fraternity, B. P. O. Elks, Independent Order of the Odd Fellows, Knights of Pythias, Modern Woodmen of America, and was a member of the Kiwanis Club and the Fortnightly Club.  He was for twenty years a member of the city library board, and a member of the Social Service League Board from the time of its organization.

Among other organizations that paid tribute to his life of service one was the Board of Control of the Iowa High School Athletic Association, of which he was one of the founders.  The board of control said:  "Eugene Henely's death came as a distinct shock to all of us.  While his health had not been good for some time there was no thought of anything but his ultimate recovery.  He left a unique and an enviable record of service.  For twenty-three years he served his community, and the splendid school system of Grinnell is a monument to his ability as an organizer and an educator as well as to his tireless energy and industry.

"He served the Iowa High School Athletic Association as a member of the Board of Control for over twenty years, and the scope and influence of this organization is due in a very large measure to his sound sense, his good judgment and his clear vision.  His interest in the affairs of the association was unflagging and the amount of time and labor he gave to it was enormous.  He was eminently fair, and he abhorred trickery.  He was outspoken in his opinions, he truckled to no one.  He could have sharp differences but he bore no grudges.  There was no rancor in his makeup."

Superintendent Henely married, in 1892, Miss Louise Miller, who was born near North Liberty in Johnson County, Iowa, June 9, 1872. Her father, Alexander James Miller, was a native of Pennsylvania, was brought to Iowa by his parents in the early 1850s, and the family has lived in Johnson County for over three-quarters of a century.  Her father gave his life to farming and stock raising and later became editor and publisher of the Oxford Journal.  He died in 1910.  He married Mary Louise McColm, of Baltimore, Maryland, who died in 1925.  Of their seven children four are now living:  Jesse A. Miller, an attorney and former district judge at Des Moines; Mrs. Henely; Oliver H. an attorney at Des Moines; and Mrs. Laura Miller Metcalf, at Hawarden, Iowa.

Superintendent Henely is survived by Mrs. Henely and two daughters:  Inez Louise, of Grinnell, and Mrs. Margaret Henely Black, of Mountain Lakes, New Jersey, and one grandson, Eugene Charlton Black.

A very fine and lasting tribute to Professor Henely has been erected on the local high school campus by the State Board of Athletic Control in the form of a bronze plaque on a native granite boulder with the following inscription:


Eugene Henely

Faithful Service

Member Board of Control



Erected by

Iowa High School

Athletic Association.


p. 236

    JAMES HENNESSY, physician and surgeon at Emmetsburg, has practiced medicine there longer than any of his contemporaries. Doctor Hennessy has done his professional work well, and no citizen has a larger body of loyal and devoted friends. He is a splendid specimen of physical manhood, tall and straight, six feet, four inches high and the lines on his face indicate his kindly character and a disposition for helpfulness which has been manifested in all his work.
    Doctor Hennessy was born in County Limerick, Ireland, September 24, 1875. He comes of a remarkable family, being the youngest of sixteen children of Roger and Catherine (Russell) Hennessy. His parents lived all their lives in Ireland. Dr. James Hennessy is the only representative of this family to come to America. A number of his nieces and nephews are older than himself. Five sons took up medicine as a career. The oldest son, after qualifying himself for practice, encouraged the younger brother to go to school. Roger Hennessy died when his youngest child, James, was two and a half years old.
    Doctor Hennessy received his education in Queen's College of Medicine at Cork and the Royal College of Surgeons and Physicians at Dublin, and after coming to America he graduated from Keokuk Medical College at Keokuk, Iowa, in 1906. For a quarter of a century he has been in practice in Palo Alto County, for a short time at Graettinger, and since then at Emmetsburg. Doctor Hennessy for the past ten years has served as county coroner He is a member of the Palo Alto County, Upper Des Moines and Iowa State Medical Associations. In politics he votes as a Republican and is a member of the Catholic Church and the Emmetsburg Council, Knights of Columbus.
    He married Miss Birdie Davis, a native of Canada. They have two children, Russell, born November 14, 1904, and Catherine Louise, born February 14, 1908, graduated from State University of Iowa with A. B. degree in 1929 and is now employed in the office of Ayers Lumber Company of Iowa City.


p. 145

     ALBERT V. HENNESSY, surgeon, Council Bluffs, has won many distinctions in his profession in his home city and throughout the Missouri River Valley.
     Doctor Hennessy was born in Iowa City, October 15, 1884, son of Richard and Ellen (Maher) Hennessy. Both parents were born in County Tipperary, Ireland, and were young people when they came to the United States. His mother died December 30, 1906. Richard Hennessy settled in Iowa City more than half a century ago and is now a resident of Chicago. At one time he carried mail in Iowa, was a carpenter, architect and builder. He is a Democrat in politics and a devout Catholic. There were ten children, seven of whom are living. Two brothers are associated in practice at Council Bluffs, Dr. Albert V. and Dr. Maurice C. The latter was born April 18, 1891.
     Albert V. Hennessy attended parochial and public schools and graduate from the Iowa City High School in 1902. He received his medical degree at the University of Iowa in 1906, and also had the benefit of six months of work as an interne in the Mercy Hospital at Council Bluffs. He entered private practice there June 13, 1906, and for a number of years his work has been entirely in surgery.
     Doctor Hennessy married in September, 1909, Miss Marie L. Cornelius, who was born in Freeport, Illinois, October 15, 1887. She attended school at Council Bluffs. Her father, Charles R. Cornelius, has been for many years a railway conductor with the Milwaukee Railway System. Doctor and Mrs. Hennessy have had three children: A. V., Jr., attending school; Charles Richard; and Cornelius, who died in 1913.
     Doctor Hennessy and family are members of St. Francis Catholic Church. He is a fourth degree Knight of Columbus, member of the B.P.O. Elks, Ancient Order of United Workmen, Fraternal Order of Eagles. During the World war he had the rank of major in the Medical Corps and was assigned duty as chief of surgical service at Department Hospital, Honolulu, and also served as surgeon member of the medical advisory board, Hawaiian draft. He was discharged December 31, 1918. His brother served overseas in the United States army as an officer in the medical department in the late war.
     Doctor Hennessy has been president of the Council Bluffs and Pottawattamie County Medical Societies, was second vice president of the Iowa State Medical Association in 1928, and is also a member of the American Medical Association, the Missouri Valley Medical Society and the Iowa Clinical Surgical Society. He is a member of the Phi Beta Pi medical fraternity. Doctor Hennessy is chairman of the executive committee of Mercy Hospital at Council Bluffs and his brother is a past president of the staff of the hospital. He is president of the McGee Investment Company, vice president of the Automobile Finance Company, is on the board of directors of the Bennett Building and the Broadway Theatre, and is a former member of the board of the Greater Council Bluffs Chamber of Commerce, and a past president of the Kiwanis Cub. He was formerly a director of the First National Bank of Council Bluffs. Doctor Hennessy was a member of the National Guard of Iowa for a number of years and is a former director of the Council Bluffs Country Club and councilor of the Iowa State Medical Society for the Ninth District.


p. 188

     MAURICE C. HENNESSY is a Council Bluffs surgeon, associated with his brother, Dr. Albert V. Hennessy, in practice, with offices in the Bennett Building, and they are also associated in several business activities.
    Doctor Hennessy was born at Iowa City, April 18, 1891. His parents, Richard and Ellen (Maher) Hennessy, were born in County Tipperary, Ireland, and came to the United States when young people. His father located at Iowa City more than half a century ago and in early life carried mail for several years, later became a carpenter, architect and builder. He is now a resident of Chicago, and his wife died December 30, 1906. Of their ten children seven are living.
    Maurice C. Hennessy, the youngest of the children, attended school at Iowa City and the University of Iowa there, and graduated in medicine at  the University of Illinois in 1913. He had one year of interne experience in the Mercy Hospital in Davenport and has been practicing with his brother at Council Bluffs since 1914. Like his brother his attention is directed to surgery.
    He married in 1919 Miss Ruth Banks, who was born in New York City, but was reared and educated in Earling and Council Bluffs, Iowa. She is a graduate nurse. They have four daughters: Mary Ellen, Ruth Kathleen, Patricia Irene and Natalie Ann.
    Doctor and Mrs. Hennessy are members of the Catholic Church. He is affiliated with Lodge No. 351, B. P. O. Elks, and the American Legion, of which he was a former officer. Both he and Mrs. Hennessy saw active service during the World war. She was a Red Cross army nurse at Fort Sill, Oklahoma, four months, and he entered the service in July, 1917, and went overseas as surgeon of the Ninth Aero Squadron and later was assigned for duty at Liverpool with the American Red Cross Military Hospital No 4. He was in England from November, 1917, until January, 1919, during which time he was a member of Disability Board Base Section 3, S. O. S., A. E. F. He received his honorable discharge on February 1, 1919.
    Doctor Hennessy is a member of the Pottawattamie County, Iowa State and American Medical Associations, and the Phi Beta Pi fraternity. He was president of the Mercy Hospital staff at Council Bluffs for two years. He is a director of the McGee Investment Company and of the Mercy Hospital staff and of the City Medical Society and president of the Pottawattamie County Medical Society.


THOMAS J. HENNESSEY maintained his home at Missouri Valley, Harrison County, more than thirty years, and during that period he was continuously identified with the undertaking and funeral directing business, in which he was engaged in an independent way during the last twenty years of his life.  In his character and his communal service he meant much to this city, and in his chosen sphere of business he maintained the utmost loyalty and highest ideas, while his ministration in the hours of sorrow were ever marked by abiding human sympathy and kindly consideration.  The death of Mr. Hennessey occurred in February, 1927, and it is fitting that in this publication he entered a tribute to his memory.

Mr. Hennessey was born in Clonmel, Ireland, November 21, 1867, and his death occurred in the Nicholas Senn, Hospital, Omaha, Nebraska, February 3, 1927, he having gone from his home to the Nebraska metropolis to receive treatment at the hospital mentioned.  The rudimentary education of Mr. Hennessey was acquired in the schools of his native land, and he was a lad of but fourteen years when he severed the home ties and set forth to seek his fortunes in the United States.  From the port of his disembarking he forthwith proceeded to Des Moines, Iowa, where he learned the upholstering trade in the establishment of the Harbusche Furniture Company, with which he was thus connected a few years, his arrival in Des Moines having occurred in the year 1882.  In that city likewise he advanced his education by attending night school, and there also he learned the undertaking and embalming business under the direction of a man named Nelson, who was connected with the Newlen furniture and undertaking establishment and who was one of the first licensed embalmers in Iowa.  After his marriage Mr. Hennessey continued his residence in Des Moines until January, 1893, when he removed to Missouri Valley and found employment in the undertaking establishment of T. Foss.  While thus engaged he ingratiated himself deeply in the confidence and esteem of this community, and this fact proved an asset when, in 1907, he here engaged independently in business as an undertaker and funeral director.  For his new place of business he obtained the building that had up to that time been occupied by the T. M. Gilmore Grocery Company, at 507 East Erie Street, and this he fitted up consistently for the uses to which it was to be applied.  Here later additions and improvements to the building were made, and here the business has been continued since the death of Mr. Hennessey, who had brought his establishment up to the best standard in equipment and service.  His gracious and devoted wife proved his faithful and efficient assistant in conducting the business, and in 1925 he admitted to partnership Darwin A. VanCleave, whereupon the present firm title of Hennessey & VanCleave was adopted.  Mr. VanCleave is represented in the following sketch and has continued in the management of the business since the death of his honored partner.  Mr. Hennessey continued his active association with the business he had founded until death set its seal upon his mortal lips, and it is pleasing to record that his nephew, Harold Hennessey, has been connected with the business since 1927 and is ultimately to be admitted to the firm, as the virtual successor of his uncle, whose widow still retains the latter's interest in the firm, though she now maintains her home in Sioux City.  The religious faith of Mr. Hennessey was that of the Catholic Church, of which he was an earnest communicant, as is also his widow, and he was affiliated with the Knights of Columbus as a fourth-degree knight, and also with the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, the Knights and Ladies of Security, the Brotherhood of American Yeomen, the Modern Woodmen of America and the Knights of the Maccabees.

On the 27th of November, 1888, was solemnized the marriage of Mr. Hennessey to Miss Nellie E. Schultze, of Chariton, Lucas County, and after his death she removed to Sioux City, which likewise is the home of their only child, Alonzo J.

Mr. Hennessey was true and faithful in all the relations of life and his name shall long be held in gracious memory by the people of the city in which he maintained his home many years - until the time of his death.


JOHN G. HERRON, D. D. S.  Among the men who through the possession of natural and acquired abilities have contributed to the prestige and lent dignity to the dental profession in Union County, few have established a better record than Dr. John G. Herron, of Creston.  During the more than forty years that he has been engaged in practice at this place he has held the confidence and esteem of the entire community, now only because of his recognized professional abilities, but because of his public spirit and personal integrity.

Doctor Herron was born in 1864, at New Lisbon, Ohio, and is a son of Rev. Samuel and Jane (Gaylord) Herron.  His grandfather was a native of Ireland, who immigrated to the United States in young manhood and passed the remainder of his life on a farm in Pennsylvania.  Rev. Samuel Herron was born at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and acquired a college education in Ohio, where he entered the ministry of the United Presbyterian Church.  He spent the rest of his life in ministerial work and for thirty-five years held one pastorate in Ohio.  He was a member of the Masons and the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, and in young manhood was a Whig in his political views, and a delegate to the first Whig national convention, but later switched his support to the Republican party, which he supported actively, although not a seeker for public office.  He married Jane Gaylord, who was born at Akron, Ohio, and they became the parents of six children, of whom three are living:  Mattie, the wife of George A. Evans, a retired citizen of Lincoln, Nebraska;  John G., of this review; and Mary, the wife of Joe O'Neal, a retired citizen of Omaha,  Nebraska.  All are members of the United Presbyterian Church.

John G. Herron attended the public school at Mount Pleasant, and graduated from the high school at Corning, Iowa, at which times he found himself without funds.  Having decided upon a professional career, further educational training was necessary, and this he acquired through money earned after he was fourteen years of age by clerking for three years in a store at Carbon, Iowa, and by working as a farm hand for three years.  Even so, his younger years were ones of the strictest economy and self-denial.  He entered the office of Doctor Scranton at Corning, where he completed his studies and in 1885 passed the examination of the state board of dentistry.  He immediately opened an office at Corning, where he practiced for two years moving then to Afton, where he spent one year, and in 1888 took up his permanent residence at Creston, where he is now the dean of dental practitioners and one of the leading men of his profession in Southern Iowa.  He keeps fully abreast of the constant changes and advancements being made in his calling, is a conscientious student, and a former member of the Union County Dental Society, the Iowa State Dental Society and the American Dental Association.  Doctor Herron is fraternally affiliated with the Masons and the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, while his political convictions make him a Republican.

Doctor Herron was united in marriage with Miss Florence Norris, who was born and educated in Illinois, and died without issue.  For his second wife Doctor Herron married Nellie Temple, who was born in Iowa, and died in 1922, and in 1924 he married Grace Avrill, who was born at Corning, Iowa, where she received her education.  They have no children.


EDWIN R. HICKLIN, former county attorney of Louisa County, was graduated from law school in 1917.  He assisted in the organization of his county for all the allied war work and established a county war chest.  In 1918 he joined the colors and was in the service with Company E, Second United States Infantry.  He has been steadily engaged in law practice for the past ten years.

Mr. Hicklin was born at Wapello, March 1, 1895.  His father, Edwin Hicklin, is also a native of Wapello, where he was reared and educated.  He educated himself for the law, but during most of his active life has carried on an abstract business at Wapello and for eight years served as clerk of the District Court.  For four years he was postmaster of Wapello.  Edwin Hicklin married Miss Milicent Richley, of Letts, Iowa, and eight children were born to their marriage.  

Edwin R. Hicklin attended school at Wapello, graduating from high school in 1911 at the age of sixteen years.  In high school he was a member of the debating team and valedictorian of his class.  During the following four years his studies were pursued in Drake University at Des Moines, where he graduated with the A. B. degree in 1915.  At Drake he was a Phi Gamma Lambda, and a participant in many student activities, being in the class play and was desk editor of the Drake Daily Delphic.  From Drake he entered the law department of the University of Iowa and won the LL. B. degree in 1917.  He was a phi Alpha Delta at the university.

Mr. Hicklin joined the colors with Company E of the Second United States Infantry, was trained at Camp Dodge and was made line sergeant.  He received his honorable discharge in January, 1919, and is a member of the American Legion Post.  After the war he returned to Wapello, and practiced law with his father until 1922, when he was elected county attorney, holding that office tow terms.  Since leaving office he has resumed his active connection with his father.  Mr. Hicklin has been a member of the Wapello city council, is a member of the Lions Club of Wapello, the Masonic fraternity and Knights of Pythias and has been a member of the Republican state central committee of Iowa for eight years and was its secretary for two years.  He is now serving as state senator from the Twentieth Senatorial District of Iowa.

He married, October 8, 1919, Miss Irene Anderson, of Dayton, Iowa.  They have three children, Edwin Anderson, born in 1922; Martin Dale, born in 1924, and Charles Willis, born in 1928.


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    WILLIAM F. HIGGINS, a popular business man of Waterloo, is a native of Iowa and was born on a farm in Carleton Township of Tama County, where his people were early settlers.
    His father was Thomas Higgins, a native of Whiteside County, Illinois, and his grandfather, Michael Higgins, was born in County Cork, Ireland, as was the only member of his family to come to America, locating in Whiteside County, where he bought a farm. Thomas Higgins lived in Whiteside County until 1864, when he came out to Iowa and settled in Tama County. At that time a railroad was in process of construction, but it was never completed, and after putting in a summer working for the construction company he had to go without his pay for his labor. He then became a farmer in Carleton Township, and for several years devoted his labors to his land. After leasing his farm he moved to Garwin, where he is now living retired. He married Harriet Smith, who was born in Iowa. Her father, John Smith, was a native of Germany. He came to the United States when a young man, in 1847 returned to his native land, and in 1849 came again to this country and joined a company that started in a covered wagon across the plains for California. He was quite successful in his search for the precious metal on the Pacific Coast and after returning east bought 320 acres of Government land in Tama County, Iowa, at $1.25 an acre. Tama County, like other counties in Western Iowa, was then sparsely settled and he was among the pioneers in starting development. He improved 240 acres, erected good buildings and lived there until his death at the age of eighty-one. Thomas Higgins and wife reared a family of five children: William F.; Margaret, who married Olin Ruff of Tama County, Iowa; Walter; Roy; and Ruth, who married Ralph Irons, of Tama County.
    William F. Higgins was born February 25, 1881, and grew up on the home farm in Tama County, was educated in rural schools and did his share of farm work. When he was nineteen years old he began clerking in a general store and six years later went to Des Moines and was employed in a cleaning and pressing establishment, and during the next four years closely studied this business with a view to setting up independently. After leaving Des Moines he was at Cedar Rapids, and in 1911 he came to Waterloo and established what is known as the Unique Cleaners, at 401 West Fourth Street. By close personal attention he has made this a business that draw customers not only from waterloo but many surrounding towns, and the plant has been steadily improved and increased in respect to modern facilities. There are now twenty-three skilled workers employed. Since 1920 Mr. Higgins has served on the short course committee which has charge of a dry cleaners' course in connection with the winter convention which is held each year at the Iowa State College at Ames.
    Mr. Higgins is a member of Helmet Lodge No. 188, Knights of Pythias, and is a Mason. He is a member of the Optimist Club and the Chamber of Commerce and a past director of the latter. His church affiliations are with the Westminster Presbyterian Church of Waterloo. He married, November 11, 1917, Miss Anna Fry, daughter of George and Nell (Smith) Fry. Nell Smith was born in England. Mr. and Mrs. Higgins adopted two children, a brother and a sister, named Eleanor Jean and Arnold Edward. Mrs. Higgins by a former marriage has a son, named Harold Blank of Waterloo.


LAFE HILL, Iowa newspaper man for over thirty years, member of the Legislature, has since 1916 been editor and publisher of the Nora Springs Advertiser in Floyd County.

Mr. Hill's activities and experiences make up an interesting record.  He has been fighting his own way since he was a boy of fourteen.  He was born at Diagonal in Ringgold County, Iowa, his birthplace being a farm where his father had settled in 1856, after having lived one year in Monroe County.

His parents, Samuel and Winifred (Bennett) Hill, came to Iowa from Shelby County, Indiana.  Samuel Hill was an Iowa soldier in the Union army, serving in the Ninth Iowa Cavalry.  In politics he was successively a Douglas Democrat and a Lincoln Republican, and was a devout Methodist and all his sons went regularly to Sunday School.  Samuel Hill had qualifications that brought him a number of relationships with the pioneer communities where he lived. He was a farmer, a country school teacher, one of the old fashioned type who ruled with the rod, served as justice of the peace, was township trustee and county coroner.  After the war he was a member of the Grand Army of the Republic.  He was born in 1832 and lived to be eighty-two years of age.  His wife, who died when fifty-five years of age, by a previous marriage had a son, David Brant, who became widely known in Iowa journalism.  David Brant was born in 1850 and died at the age of sixty-nine.  He was editor of the Iowa City Republican and was a contemporary of the young and Clarksons and served in the Legislature.  Of the children of Samuel and Winifred (Bennett) Hill the oldest, William F., also was a representative of journalism.  He was an editor at Westmoreland, Kansas, for forty-two years and served in the Legislature of that state.  The other children were:  Albert R., a farmer in California; Charles, a resident of Ringgold County, Iowa; Elizabeth, wife of William Durland, of Carter, Oklahoma; Alice, widow of A. J. Wray, of El Reno, Oklahoma; Sarah, wife of W. F. Hunter, of Irving, Kansas; Winifred, wife of Charles H. Mills, of Decatur County, Iowa; Clinton, who was in the railroad contracting business and died at Colorado in 1890.  Three of the family were teachers, William, Winifred and Lafe.

Lafe Hill was endowed with a sound mind in a sound body, but has had to struggle for his opportunities and his attainments.  It was his earnest ambition and effort that enabled him to get something better than a common school education.  He attended the Tilford Academy, and while attending school at Waterloo also taught.  He taught at Troy Mills, at the Walker Agency, was superintendent of schools at Williamsburg and Seymour.  During vacations he was fitting himself for newspaper work in his brother David's office.  Before coming to Nora Springs he established and conducted the North English Record, published the Colfax Tribune, the New Market Herald and the Manley Chief.

Mr. Hill represented Floyd County in the Iowa Legislature from 1924 to 1930.  He was chairman of the committee on suppression of crime and served on such important committees as roads and highways, baking, ways and means, printing, insurance, mines and mining, schools, cities and towns, public health, and was the ranking member of the committee appointed to investigate the banking situation in Nebraska, Kansas and Iowa.

Mr. Hill married Miss Florence Fay, whose parents, Mr. and Mrs. H. H. Fay, were early settlers in Linn County, Iowa.  They had three children.  The only child living is Fausta, wife of R. F. Tyler, who is in the creamery and ice cream business at Villisca, Iowa.  Both sons are deceased.  Brant was twenty-one when he died at the Great Lakes Naval Training Station.  Lyle also served in the Navy and was on the Japanese cargo ship, being the only white man on board.  He died in 1926, being at the time connected with the Algonia Republican.  He is survived by his widow, Cora Damman, and three children.  Thera, Flavia and Lyla.  Both sons learned the newspaper business with their father in the office of the Advertiser.  When the sons went to war Mrs. Hill took their place in the office, operating the linotype and otherwise helping the publication.  Mr. Hill is a prominent member of the Knights of Pythias organization, with which he has been identified for forty-one years.  He is past chancellor commander of his lodge, deputy grand chancellor and grand prelate.  He is a Master Mason and was chairman of the joint board of Masons and Odd Fellows when they built their lodge hall at Nora Springs.  Mr. Hill is a member of the State Press Association, and during the World war was president of the Red Cross Chapter and chairman of the four-minute men.  He is a leading Methodist layman, serving as a member of the board of trustees of the church at Nora Springs, was a lay delegate to the Upper Iowa Conference and has made his newspaper an important medium for the upholding of religious and moral influences.  In 1928 he was a delegate to the Mississippi Flood Control Convention in Chicago.


LUTHER L. HILL.  The business intimates of Luther L. Hill, of the firm of McMurray, Hill & Company, handlers of bonds, investments, securities and stock, of Des Moines, unhesitatingly place him among the most able of the younger generation of business men of the city.  A graduate of West Point, he resigned his commission in the United States Army to follow civilian pursuits, and since the establishment of the present firm, in 1928, has made steady progress in his chosen line of activity.

Mr. Hill comes of old and aristocratic southern stock.  He was born at Montgomery, Alabama, in 1896, and is a son of Dr. Luther L. and Lillie (Lyons) Hill.  His paternal grandfather, Rev. Luther L. Hill, for whom he was named, was for many years a minister of the Methodist faith, and during the war between the states bore arms in the Confederate army as a member of a regiment of Alabama volunteers.  Dr. Luther L., Hill, father of Luther L. of this review, was born at Montgomery, Alabama, and received an excellent professional training.  For years he carried on a general practice in medicine and surgery, but of later years has limited his activities to the latter branch of his profession, in which he has gained a well merited reputation.  He is a graduate of the University of Alabama and Jefferson Medical School of Philadelphia, in addition to which he had two years of study abroad.  Doctor Hill has been engaged in practice at Montgomery for a period of forty-four years, and is a member of the Alabama Medical Society and the American Medical Association.  He is likewise a citizen of public spirit and a man who has been generous in his charities.  He married at Mobile, Alabama, Miss Lillie Lyons, who was born at Pollard, that state, daughter of Joseph Lyons, a well known lumber merchant and manufacturer at Mobile, and they became the parents of four children:  Lillian, the wife of E. W. Rucker, a practicing physician of Birmingham, Alabama; Hon. Lister, a well known politician and statesman of Montgomery, and member of Congress from Alabama; Amelia, who is unmarried and resides with her parents; and Luther L., of this review.  Mrs. Hill is a member of the Catholic Church and her husband is a Methodist.  He is a likewise a veteran of the Spanish-American war.  

Luther L. Hill attended Starke's University School of Montgomery in his  youth, following which he pursued a course at the University of Alabama, from which he was graduated in 1916.  He received an appointment to West Point Military Academy, from which he was graduated in 1919, and immediately thereafter went overseas and served for a time with the Army of Occupation in Germany.  Returning to the United States in 1920, he was a lieutenant in 1920, he was a lieutenant in the Fourteenth U. S. Cavalry until resigning his commission in 1923 to give his full attention to business matters.  He was variously employed until March, 1928, when he assisted in the organization of the firm of McMurray, Hill & Company, Inc., with offices at 214 Sixth Avenue.  This company handles bonds, investments, securities, etc., and within a short space of time has assumed a place of importance in its special field.  Mr. Hill devotes his entire time to his business affairs, but is not merely a business drudge, as he enjoys the companionship of his fellows, and is a popular member of the Des Moines Club, the Wakonda Club, the Hermit Club and the Pow Wow Literary Club.  He is a Democrat in his political allegiance.

In 1921 Mr. Hill was united in marriage with Miss Mary Hippee, daughter of George B. Hippee, a review of whose career appears elsewhere in this work, and to this union there have been born two children:  Luther L., born in 1923; and Mildred, born in 1928.  Mr. Hill is likewise a member of the Delta Kappa Epsilon fraternity and of the Phi Beta Kappa honorary fraternity.


OTTO HILL, vice president of the Union Savings Bank & Trust Company of Davenport, was born in that city, has devoted the greater part of his active life in banking, and represents one of the oldest and most substantial of the German American families of the city.

His father, the late John Hill, whose name always commanded the respect of his fellow citizens in Davenport, particularly the German Americans, died February 12, 1924, at the age of eighty-four.  John Hill was born in Prussia, Germany, April 25, 1840, son of Conrad and Margaret (Ditzenberger) Hill.  Conrad Hill was an inspector for the government in Germany.  John Hill was fourteen years of age when he crossed the Atlantic to America in 1854 and in December of the same year became a resident of Davenport, then a comparatively small community but a growing metropolis of trade for the country west of the Mississippi.  At Davenport he learned the trade of cabinet maker and worked at that occupation until the Civil war broke out.

He enlisted in 1861 in Company C of the First United States Lancers, serving nine months with that regiment.  In 1862 he enlisted a second time, in Company C of the Thirty-fifth Iowa Infantry, and served as a sergeant.  On July 11, 1863, he was taken prisoner at Jackson, Mississippi, and from that time until released, at the end of the war, he endured the horrors of captivity at Libby, Belle Island and Andersonville.

After the war he returned to Davenport and in 1869  was made manager of the Turner Hall and Stadt Theater, and looked after those two well remembered institutions of the city until he retired.

John Hill married in 1867 Marie Kaehler, and in 1917 they celebrated their golden wedding anniversary.  Five children were born to their marriage and the three now living are Otto, Mrs. Lutie H. Zoeckler and Miss Paula.  Two sons, Hugo and Carl, are both deceased.

Otto Hill grew up in his native city of Davenport, attending grade and high school and since 1890 has been connected with some of the local banks.  He was president of the Davenport Savings Bank when it was consolidated with the Union Savings Bank, the resulting institution becoming the Union Savings Bank & Trust Company, and since this consolidation Mr. Hill has been vice president of the larger bank.  He is also vice president and treasurer of the Martin Cigar Company.

Mr. Hill married in 1914 Julia F. Hefferman, who was born in Washington, D. C.  Their three children are Philip A., James J. and Elizabeth M.

Mr. Hill is a former treasurer and trustee of the Kiwanis Club, member of the Davenport Chamber of Commerce, the Knights of Pythias, B. P. O. Elks, Loyal Order of Moose, Improved Order of Red Men.

Mr. Hill for a number of years has been deeply interested in welfare organizations, serving fifteen years as treasurer of the Salvation Army and has been a leader in the Boy Scouts work since it was inaugurated.  He is a member of the executive council of this area of the Boy Scouts and has also served as treasurer of the Buffalo Bill Council of the organization.


JOHN S. HILLIARD, superintendent of schools at Estherville, has the reputation of a scholar, a hard working executive and a school man whose work has been attended with successful results in all the communities with which he has been identified.

Mr. Hilliard was born in Joe Davies County, Illinois, April 10, 1884, son of Smith and Jennie R. (Strickle) Hilliard.  His parents were also natives of Illinois, and his father spent his active career as a farmer.

John S. Hilliard spent his boyhood on a farm in Benton County, adjoining a place on which the famous "Bing" Miller, of the world's champion athletics, was reared.  After the country schools he attended high school at Vinton, Iowa, graduating there, and in 1906 received his diploma from the State Teachers College at Cedar Falls.  He never stopped studying, and all through his teaching career has embraced opportunities to take summer courses and in that way he graduated from the University of Iowa in 1913 and has also done post-graduate work in the University of Chicago, accumulating credits towards higher degrees.  The important positions he has filled in teaching and administration of schools were:  A year and a half as principal of a grade school at Cedar Falls; three and a half years as superintendent of schools at Lansing; three years as superintendent at Postville; and in 1922 he came to Estherville, a community whose schools have been maintained at a very high standard during the eight years of Mr. Hilliard's superintendency.  He is a member of the Iowa State Teachers Association and a life member of the National Education Association.

He married Miss Florence Thompson, who was born at Vinton, Iowa.  Their daughter, Virginia, completed three years at the Iowa State College at Ames and in September, 1930, married Don King editor of Civil Engineer, published by the Society of Civil Engineers of America at New York City.  Their son, Vance, is in the class of 1931 at Estherville High School, where he is active in forensics and business manager of the school paper, published every two weeks.  Mr. Hilliard votes as a Republican, is a Methodist, a Knight Templar Mason, member of the Knights of Pythias and B. P. O. Elks.  He finds diversion from his school duties in the game of golf.


FRED A. HINRICHSEN is president of the Fred A. Hinrichsen Advertising Agency in Davenport, and is giving through this medium the highest grade of metropolitan service, as is attested by the fact that his agency has been placed on the accredited list of the Associated Business Papers, Inc., the approval of which is a veritable assurance of superior service on the part of agencies thus listed.  Specializing in the manufacturing field, the Hinrichsen agency functions as advertising executive for a large group of representative manufacturing and industrial concerns of Davenport, including the Bettendorf Company, the Micro Machine Company, the Westco-Chippewa Pump Company, the Davenport Locomotive & Manufacturing Corporation, the Optical Industries Corporation, the National Sales & Manufacturing Company, Burgess-Perr Company and Williams-White Company of Moline, Illinois, and other important concerns for which the agency has done remarkably successful advertising exploitation.  Mr. Hinrichsen and his cooperative staff have made close and intensive study of modern advertising methods and policies and have devised many that have the stamp of originality.  The substantial business controlled by his agency is the best voucher for the efficiency of its service.

Fred A. Hinrichsen was born in Davenport, on June 29, 1890, and his loyalty to his native city is unstinted in appreciation and helpful expression.  He is a son of John and Anna (Westphal) Hinrichsen, both of whom likewise were born in Davenport, where they still maintain their home, their respective parents having been born in Germany and having been numbered among the early pioneer settlers in Iowa, where they established residence in the '40s.

The public school advantages of Fred A. Hinrichsen included those of the Davenport High School and in 1913 he was graduated in the department of business administration in the  University of Illinois.  Concerning his activities after that time the following has been written:  "For nine an done-half years he was identified with the Gordon-Van Tine Company, serving during the last three years in the capacity of sales manager.  During his years of service with this widely known company he received an excellent practical business training that has stood him in good stead in his present business."

Mr. Hinrichsen established his independent advertising agency in 1922, has directed its policies and service with consummate discrimination and judgment, and his administration, marked by loyalty and inviolable integrity of purpose, has gained to him and his agency unqualified confidence and approval on the part of those whom the agency has served.  As a result the business has shown a constantly cumulative tendency in both scope and importance.  The well appointed and equipped offices of the Fred A. Hinrichsen Advertising Agency are established in the American Bank Building, and Mr. Hinrichsen maintains his home at 3005 East Eighteenth Street.

The political alignment of Mr. Hinrichsen is with the Republican party, he is a loyal and valued member of the Davenport Chamber of Commerce, has membership in the Outing Club, and is affiliated with the Delta Upsilon and the Beta Gamma Sigma college fraternities, the latter being an honorary commercial and scholastic organization.  Mr. Hinrichsen is loyal and public-spirited as a citizen and takes specially deep interest in all that touches the welfare and progress of his native city and state.  He has served as president of the Tri-Cities Art League and has been influential in connection with other civic organizations and movements.

In August, 1923, was solemnized the marriage of Mr. Hinrichsen to Miss Helen McDonald Johnson, who was born in the City of Springfield, Illinois, and who is a representative of old and honored American families, on both the paternal and maternal sides.  Her father, Emmet Johnson, gained prestige as one of the prominent newspaper men of Illinois,  he having been for some time editor of the State Register, in the capital city of Springfield, that state, and having been the Springfield political correspondent for the Chicago Daily News, besides which he served on the staff of Gov. Richard Yates.  Mrs. Hinrichsen was graduated in the celebrated Chicago Art Institute and as a specially talented artist has proved notably successful in portraiture.  She is a gracious and popular figure in the representative social and cultural circles of Davenport.  Mr. and Mrs. Hinrichsen have two children:  Virginia Stith and Barbara Gail.


GEORGE B. HIPPEE was a veteran banker and business man of Des Moines, with an experience running back for over forty-five years at the time of his death, January 2, 1930.

He was a native son of Des Moines, born there January 1, 1860, son of George M. and Eliza (Page) Hippee.  His father was born in Canton, Ohio, son of George Hippee, a native of Pennsylvania, who followed his trade as cabinet maker at Canton for many years.  Eliza Page was born in Tuckerton, New Jersey, daughter of William Page, who spent his life in New Jersey, was a ship owner and lost his fortune through the sinking of a vessel.  The Pages were represented in the Revolutionary war and as holders of numerous Colonial offices.  George M. Hippee came to Iowa in 1856, and later went east and married at Camden, New Jersey, and brought his bride west in 1859 by way of the Mississippi River.   George M. Hippee was a pioneer druggist of Des Moines, but after 1865 was engaged in the banking business.  He was the organizer and founder of the Valley National Bank, still one of the strong institutions in the financial district at Des Moines.  He died in 1911, and his wife reached the great age of ninety-five, passing away in 1925.  Both were active members of the Episcopal Church, and he was affiliated with the Masonic Order and was a Democrat in politics.  For a number of years he was a member of the Des Moines school board.

Mr. George B. Hippee grew up at Des Moines attended public schools there, and graduated from Wooster University of Ohio in 1882.  His first business service was as collector for the Valley National Bank of Des Moines at twenty-five dollars a month.  From 1882 until October 1, 1889, he was in partnership with Simon Cassidy, following which he was general manager and later president of the City Street Railway Company until 1911.  Mr. Hippee put up the Hippee Building in 1912, selling it to the Southern Surety Company in 1924.  He and Mr. Simon Cassidy were for some years owners of the controlling interest in the Iowa Loan & Trust Company.  Mr. Hippee had a large amount of real estate and other private interests that required his active attention.  He was a York Rite Mason and Shriner, member of the Des Moines Club and Wakonda Country Club, and a Republican in politics.

He married, in 1887, Mildred Polk, a daughter of Jefferson S. Polk and member of an old and honored family of Des Moines.  They had two sons and two daughters.  George Polk Hippee, who is engaged in teh insurance business in Chattanooga, Tennessee, and Herndon Page Hippee, who is dong electrical research work in Des Moines, Iowa are the sons.  Mildred is the wife of Phineas M. Henry, a Des Moines attorney, who is a grandson of Judge Cassidy.  Mary, the second daughter, is the wife of L. L. Hill, president of McMurry, Hill & Company.


COL. FREDERICKS HIRD, United States marshal for the Southern District of Iowa, is one of the substantial men of the state, and one who is held in high esteem as a man of honor, courage and resourcefulness.  He was born at New Diggings, Wisconsin, December 6, 1879, a son of William and Hannah (Redfern) Hird, the latter of whom was born in Pennsylvania.  William Hird discovered the Avenue Top Mines in 1878, and worked these mines until the World war, when he sold them to a syndicate, after many years of successful operation.  However, the syndicate, an Eastern group, only operated for the war period, then closed down.  The mother died April 12, 1910, but the father survives and is living at Dubuque, Iowa.  While he has always voted the Republican ticket and worked for his party, he has never run for any office.  He is an active member of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and the mother was also a member and devoted much time to it.  Of the ten children born to the parents, Marshal Hird is the second in order of birth, and the eldest now living.

After he had completed his school work in Dubuque Marshal Hird had two years in a business college, after which he began earning his own living.  His first work was done as an employee of the Adams Company at Dubuque as bookkeeper for two years, after which he was assistant department manager of the H. B. Glover Company, which position he resigned in 1905 to come to Des Moines and enter the state adjutant general's department, where he had charge of all military supplies, camp grounds and target ranges.

His admirable work in this connection was interrupted by the call to arms, and he went to the Mexican border in June, 1916, but upon his return home he resumed his official duties.  After a few weeks, however, he once more responded to his country's call, and entered the army July 29, 1917.  He was assigned to duty in the construction division of the quartermaster's department, Camp Logan, Houston, Texas.  upon completion of this project he was transferred to Fort Worth, Texas, and as assistant construction quartermaster remained at gas plants 1 and 2 until completion, but was later sent to gas plant 3 at Petrolia, Texas, there being constructing quartermaster.  From there, after the work was completed, he was sent to the construction office, Washington, District of Columbia, as assistant to the supervising constructing quartermaster and as supervising constructing quartermaster, and continued to serve in that capacity until after the armistice was signed. At that time he was sent to the Chicago district to assist in adjusting contracts with different contractors, and when that work was completed he visited different camps, gathering war materials and supplies for Mexican border projects. After he had handled this clean-up work for some time in a masterly manner he was assigned to duty as construction quartermaster, A. G. S. D., Little Rock, Arkansas, upon completion of which he went to Quantico, Virginia, to train for the United States Olympic Rifle Team in the 1920 Olympic games, and finished in sixth place in the tryout.  He finished his training at Neuweid and Weissenthurm, Germany, and participated in the Olympic games at Antwerp, Belgium.  In 1912 he was a member of the United States Olympic Rifle Team in the Olympic games at Stockholm, Sweden, in which he won the fifty meter individual match, for which he was presented with the Olympic wreath diploma and gold medal by the King of Sweden.  He also won a number of team medals.  In October, 1920, Colonel Hird was honorably discharged from the army, and, returning to Des Moines, took up general construction work, but later began manufacturing brooms, which business he sold July 19, 1926.  In the meanwhile he had served as deputy sheriff of Polk County, and February 17, 1928, was appointed United States marshal.  He now holds rank of lieutenant colonel, Ordnance, Thirty-fourth Division, Iowa National Guard, to which he has risen from that of private at the age of twenty.  He passed through the different grades, including those of captain and major, to his present rank.  Colonel Hird was a shooting member of the Iowa State Rifle Team during the years of 1903-04-05-06-07-08-13-14-15; team coach, 1909-10-11-29-30; team captain, 1921-22-23-24; team captain National Guard, United Service Team, 1921-22; team coach, 1923-24.

On October 14, 1907, Colonel Hird was married to Mary Helen Cosgrove, born in Decatur, Illinois, reared and educated at Des Moines, and they have three children:  Fred S., Junior, who was born August 1, 1908, a graduate of the electrical engineering department in Ames College; Theodore L., who was born June 7, 1911; and Wilbur E., who was born December 29, 1913.  The two younger sons are in the public schools.  Mrs. Hird is a member of the Roman Catholic Church.  Colonel Hird belongs to the American Legion, and both he and Mrs. Hird are very prominent socially.


PETER GEORGE HITCH JR.  It is not given to every man to make a success in life, nor are all fitted for the same kind of work; but when the work fits the man, then is success much more apt to result.  Peter George Hitch, Junior, assistant manager of the American Fork & Hoe Company, of Fort Madison, is one who has always displayed an aptitude for his kind of work, and in his present company he is receiving the appreciation to which his abilities entitle him.  He was born at Godmanchester, England, in Huntingtonshire, October 28, 1872, a son of Peter George Hitch, also a native of Huntingtonshire, England.

Educated in the common schools of England, and taught the miller trade, the elder Peter George Hitch came to the United States and located at Fort Madison, Iowa, in 1873, with the idea that he could easily secure employment, but the first year he was here he was forced to work at anything he could find to do.  In 1874, however, he secured steady employment with the Morrison Plow Company, and continued with that concern for a quarter of a century, becoming foreman of the blacksmithing department, which position he was holding when he resigned, and leaving industrial life, devoted the remainder of his years to farming until 1919, when he retired.  Several years ago he served as a member of the city council of Fort Madison.  He married Miss Ellen Thackray, of Huntingtonshire, and the following children were born to them:  Peter George, Junior, who was the third born; Tanjore T., who is vice president of the American Fork & Hoe Company; Benjamin James, who resides at Pontoosue, Illinois; Mrs. Nelle T. Brown, who resides at Revere, Missouri; William H., who resides at Fort Madison.  The father of these children died in 1926 at his residence in Fort Madison.

In April, 1873, Peter George Hitch, Junior, was brought to this country by his parents, and he was reared at Fort Madison and attended the common schools, which he completed in 1886, after which he began working in the Iowa Farming Tool Company, and continued with that company for a year, after which he took a commercial course in the Johnson Business College; and in 1889 and 1890 he attended the Iowa Commercial College in Iowa City, from which latter institution he received his diploma.  While attending college he earned his own way by working.  Returning to Fort Madison after he felt prepared for a business career, he entered the Fort Madison Iron Works Company as stenographer and bookkeeper, but in 1891 left to become stenographer for the Iowa Farming Tool Company, with which he has since remained.  After reorganization the concern became the American Fork & Hoe Company, and he is its assistant manager as well as one of its stockholders.  The business is in a flourishing condition and the trade territory for the produce is a wide-spread one.  Mr. Hitch is a thirty-second degree, a Knight Templar and Shriner Mason, holding membership in the Shrine in Kaaba Temple, of Davenport, Iowa.  He also belongs to the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks.  In religious connections he is an Episcopalian.  For about twelve years he served on the school board, for five years of that time being its president.  For two terms he was a member of the city council of Fort Madison, and he has served as president of the Boy Scouts.

On May 19, 1898, Mr. Hitch married Miss Ellinor C. Dickie, and she died in November, 1902, having borne him three children:  Mrs. Emily H. Cole, of Prophetstown, Illinois; Peter James, who is a resident of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; and Mrs. Dorothy H. Foglesong, of Fort Madison.  In August, 1905, Mr. Hitch was married to Miss Emily Dickie, of Montrose, Iowa, and they have three children:  Gilbert D. who is a student of the Iowa State College, Ames, Iowa, Ellinor, now Mrs. Levert McGee, of Redvers, Saskatchewan, Canada; and Mary Helen, who is a student of the Iowa University, Iowa City.

Personally Mr. Hitch is a man of strength of character, and is recognized as one of the most reliable and highly-esteemed business men of Lee County, and one who has yet many years of usefulness before him.


FRED N. HOBSON is a native Iowan and since 1913 has carried on a very successful practice in his profession as a dental surgeon at Griswold in Cass County.

Doctor Hobson was born in Montgomery County, Iowa, January 13, 1887, son of William M. and Cora Viola (Nelson) Hobson.  His parents  live at Red Oak.  His father was born in Indiana, in 1860, came to Iowa about 1880, and has been a successful farmer and real estate dealer.  He owns several farms in Pottawattamie County.  The parents are members of the Methodist Episcopal Church.  Doctor Hobson's mother was born in Illinois, in 1864, and came to Iowa at the age of seventeen.  She and her husband were married February 14, 1883.  They were the parents of five children:  Mrs. W. S. Van, born January 16, 1884, is a graduate of the Red Oak High School and lives at Huron, South Dakota; Dr. Fred N.; Mrs. Guy Latham, born November 30, 1893, graduated from the Red Oak High School and lives at Elliott, Iowa; Mrs. Bessie Brown, born December 23, 1896, is a resident of Des Moines; and Dale C., born November 29, 1905, graduated from the Red Oak High School, studied medicine for a time in the University of Iowa, and is now with the wholesale department of Marshall Field & Company at Chicago.

Fred N. Hobson attended the Elliott High School and was graduated from the dental department of Northwestern University at Chicago in 1912.  For six months he remained in Chicago practicing his profession, and in 1913 located at Griswold, a community that has shown a fine appreciation of his professional abilities and has welcomed him into its citizenship.  Doctor Hobson is a member of the Lodge and Knight Templar Commandery of Masons and Za-Ga-Zig Temple of the Mystic Shrine at Des Moines, the B. P. O. Elks, and is secretary of the Greater Griswold  Club.

He married October 25, 1916, Miss Ina Cardio, of Atlantic.  She is a graduate of the Atlantic High School and finished a musical course in Cleveland, Ohio.  Her father, M. C. Cardio, was born in Naples, Italy, and as a boy crossed the ocean as a stowaway.  He was landed in New York, and later was traveling with a show that landed at Atlantic, Iowa.  He remained at Atlantic, sold papers on the street, worked in a restaurant, later conducted a saloon and hotel, and made himself respected as one of the most substantial citizens of that community.  He acquired considerable property.  While he never went to school, he was well informed and saw that his children were well educated.  He died in Atlantic in December, 1918, having been taken ill at New York while awaiting the arrival of his four sons who had been in France with the American Expeditionary Forces.  His son Frank, who was with the Dental  Corps of the army, is now practicing in Chicago.  Doctor and Mrs. Hobson have three children:  Patricia Jane, born at Griswold March 6, 1918; Fred N. Jr., born at Griswold July 25, 1920; and Robert L., born at Griswold October 25, 1922.


PHIL HOFFMANN, who is editor of the Oskaloosa Herald and an executive officer of the Oskaloosa Herald Publishing Company, has reason for marked satisfaction in being identified with a newspaper which, as weekly and daily, has been a power in connection with civic and material development and progress in Mahaska County during a period of eighty years, which statement connotes that the Herald had its inception when the present county seat was a little more than a frontier village.  Further interest attaches to Mr. Hoffmann's alliance with this pioneer paper by reason of the fact that he is a native son of Oskaloosa and a representative of one of the old and honored families of this section of the state.

The Oskaloosa Herald is the lineal descendant of the Iowa Herald, which was established July 2, 1850, as the first newspaper in the aspiring little village of Oskaloosa.  The founders of the Iowa Herald were Hugh McNeely and  John R. Needham, the former of whom came from Ohio to Oskaloosa in the early part of the year 1850.  Mr. McNeely, a practical printer, assumed charge of the mechanical and operative affairs of the new paper and Mr. Needham functioned as its editor.  The plant of the paper was brought from Cambridge, Ohio, where it had previously been utilized in the publishing of the Cambridge Times.  Additional material was purchased in Saint Louis, Missouri, and thus it was with no meager equipment that was initiated the publishing of the pioneer newspaper that was destined to become one of the leading journalist vehicles of the Hawkeye State.  The Herald supported the principles of the Whig party until  the birth of the Republican party, since which time it has continued a vigorous supporter of the cause of the latter party.  The first issue of the Herald came from the press July 2, 1850, and on the first of the following November the Herald, after the purchase of new type and other material, initiated its publication under the present title of Oskaloosa Herald.  It was no minor problem that faced the publishers of this pioneer paper, as Iowa was without railroad facilities at that time and the machinery and other accessories of the newspaper plant had to be shipped by boat up the Mississippi River to Keokuk or Burlington and thence transported overland to Oskaloosa.  In November, 1852, Mr. McNeely sold his interest in the Herald to John W. Murphy, and in the spring of 1855 the latter sold to James H. Knox who remained but a short time.  Thereafter Mr. Meedham continued in full control of the property and the business until he gained the collaboration of James M. Brown.  January 1, 1858, Dr. Charles Beardsley purchased the interest of Mr. Brown  and assumed editorial management of the paper.  Doctor Beardsley remained at the helm until March 9, 1865, the Herald having proved equal to the unwanted emergencies and vicissitudes that it was called upon to face during the period of the Civil war, even to the issuing of small special editions when reports from the war front were thus conveyed to the attention of the people of the community, though such news was conveyed only by the pony news express, by way of Eddyville, and the celebrated Burlington Hawkeye likewise having depended upon this frontier service.  It is a local tradition of virtually authentic order that on four different occasions in the war period every employee of the Oskaloosa Herald left to enter the military service of the Union, leaving the publishers to issue the paper as best they could.   Mr. Needham retired from his association with the enterprise after fifteen years of loyal and effective service, and March 16, 1865, the Herald was issued under the management of Col. C. W. Fisher and W. E. Sheppard, who had purchased the plant and business.  On the 16th of the following November Mr. Sheppard sold his interest to his coadjutor, Colonel Fisher, who at this time admitted H. C. Leighton and W. H. Needham to partnership.  January 30, 1868, Capt. W. A. Hunter purchased an interest in the paper and assumed editorial control.  November 11, 1869, H. C. Leighton purchased the Needham interest, but March 17, 1870, W. H. Needham acquired the Hunter interest.  George Lee later became identified with the business and he sold his interest to Albert W. Swalm, a talented newspaperman of high reputation and one who had been previously connected with the Des Moines Register, he having been widely known as a vigorous and influential newspaper writer.  August 1, 1889, Mr. Swalm and his wife Pauline, became the sole owners of the Herald by purchasing the interests of Charles and William Leighton, who had been connected with the paper thirty years, in various ways Mrs. Pauline Swalm, a woman of exceptional culture and executive ability, brought efficiency into the business management of the Herald, and of the various persons who were connected with the Herald prior to its passing to its present management she is now the only one living.

On the 31st of December, 1896, Charles V. and Phil Hoffmann purchased the plant and business of the Oskaloosa Herald, and they maintained this pioneer newspaper at the best modern standard, making its service effective in the advancing of local interests, good government, educational promotion, news purveying of general order, and in vigorous support of the principles and policies for which the Republican party stands sponsor.  The Herald is issued as a morning daily and has also a weekly edition.  It is a leader in the directing of communal sentiment and action, and its every policy is marked by loyalty and cleanness.

January 1, 1905, as a matter of expediency in the handling of the business of this metropolitan and influential newspaper, the Oskaloosa Herald Company was organized and incorporated, and the interested principals were Charles V. and Phil Hoffmann, Charles S. Walling and Miss Maggie Hoffmann.  In 1922 occurred the death of Charles V. Hoffmann, and shortly afterward A. K. Walling became a stockholder in the company.  Phil Hoffmann is president of the company; A. K. Walling is its vice president; C. S. Walling is general manager and Miss Maggie Hoffmann is secretary and treasurer, she being a talented woman of marked administrative ability and having been actively concerned with the advancement made by this progressive newspaper corporation since 1905.

Charles V. Hoffmann, whose death occurred in March, 1922, was born in Oskaloosa, Iowa, January 28, 1860, a son of Philip and Eleanor (Addy) Hoffmann.  He received the advantages of the public schools of his native city and was about seventeen years of age when he here, in 1877, in the Herald office initiated his apprenticeship to the printer's trade and in the general newspaper business.  In 1889 he was elected treasurer of Mahaska County, and in this fiscal office he gave two terms of loyal and efficient service.  In December, 1896, as previously noted, he became one of the owners of the Oskaloosa Herald.  In the following year he initiated his service as postmaster of his native city, his appointment having been made under the administration of President McKinley and his original term having expired in 1901, while his second term ended in 1905.  Thereafter he gave his time and attention mainly to the affairs of the Oskaloosa Herald until the time of his death, and in his character and his achievement he honored and was honored by his native city and state.  May 20, 1890, marked his marriage to Miss Grace Seevers, daughter of Hon. W. H. Seevers, of Oskaloosa, and she survives him, as does his son, Guilford.  Gladys, a daughter, died in her twentieth year.

Phil Hoffmann, whose name introduces this review, was born in Oskaloosa on the 16th of August, 1868, and is a son of Philip and Eleanor (Addy) Hoffmann.  Philip Hoffmann, Sr., was born in Steinweiler, Kingdom of Bavaria, Germany, October 13, 1830, and was a son of Peter and Anna (Pflatzgroff) Hoffmann.  He was reared and educated in his native land, and there learned the trades of cabinetmaker and glazier.  He was twenty-two years of age when he came to the United States in 1853, and in 1855 he gained pioneer honors in Oskaloosa, Iowa, where he, was long engaged in his trade and in the mercantile business and where he continued as an honored and influential citizen until his death, July 10, 1902, his wife having preceded him to eternal rest.

Phil Hoffmann, immediate subject of this review was graduated from the Oskaloosa High School as a member of the class of 1885, and in this city he attended Penn College during a period of eighteen months, he having in the meanwhile been employed in a local drug store evenings and in vacation periods.  He learned at first hand the intricacies and mysteries of the "Art preservative of all arts," as he served a practical apprenticeship in the offices of the Oskaloosa Herald, where he initiated his service in the dignified and autocratic position of "printers' devil."  He won advancement through his ability and loyal service and finally became identified with the editorial department of the Herald.  In 1892 he found another department for clean service, as in that year he and his brother Charles V. purchased the Oskaloosa steam laundry, which they successfully conducted under the firm name of Hoffmann Brothers until December, 1896, when they sold the plant and business and purchased the Oskaloosa Herald from Mrs. Pauline G. Swalm.  Under the Hoffmann management the Herald expanded its influence and service and gained its present rank as one of the leading newspapers of Iowa, with a plant of the best metropolitan facilities and with all departments of service maintained on a high plane of efficiency.

Phil Hoffmann is one of the representative business men and loyal and progressive citizens of his native city,  his political allegiance is given to the Republican party, and he has been influential in its local councils.  He and his wife are communicants of the Protestant Episcopal Church, in which he is a member of the vestry of the local parish.  He was president of the local Rotary Club in 1928, and he is affiliated with the Masonic fraternity and the Knights of Pythias.  Mr. Hoffmann was an active member of the Iowa National Guard during a period of five years, and became a first sergeant of company F. Third Infantry Regiment.  He is a member of the Iowa State Press Association and also of the Chicago Press Club, a representative organization in the great western metropolis.

On the 20th of September, 1905, was solemnized the marriage of Mr. Hoffmann and Miss Anna M. Glaze, daughter of Frank W. and Lily (Lloyd) Glaze, of Oskaloosa, her father having been one of the leading merchants of this city.  Mrs. Hoffmann is affiliated with the Order of the Eastern Star and the P. E. O. Sisterhood, is a member of the local Woman's Club, and is a popular figure in the social, church and cultural affairs of her home city.  Mr. and Mrs. Hoffmann have one daughter, Eleanor, who was born August 8, 1908, and who graduated from the University of Iowa in June, 1930.

Phil Hoffmann has become known as a versatile and representative newspaper editor in his native state and also as the author of an interesting and valuable work entitled Roustabout, this being a history of Mahaska County told with marked effectiveness through the medium of many humorous descriptions of life and manners, the little volume having met with marked popular approval.


THE HOLLEY FAMILY.  The mercantile business of the L. W. Holley & Sons Company, stationers, printers, binders and marking device manufacturers, and dealers in office and bank supplies, located at 100 E. Grand Avenue, Des Moines, since 1921, was established in 1899 in Madison, Wisconsin, by L. W. Holley.  About three years later a branch was started in Des Moines.  Both businesses grew, but as the territory covered was largely west from Des Moines the tow houses were consolidated in 1909.

LeRoy W. Holley was born at Stoughton, Wisconsin, August 11, 1850.  His father and mother at that time operated the Village Tavern.  His father, Hollis Holley, and mother, Laura Jane Finch-Holley, had migrated from Moravia, Cayuga County, New York State, a few years before that.  His father was Michael Holley, who had a brother, Justice Holley.

Hollis Holley was a joiner or cabinet maker by trade, and afterwards settled on one of the finest prairie farms near Janesville, Wisconsin, where he lived almost up to the time of his death in 1893.

During the Civil war he was very active in stimulating enlistments and supporting the Union, he himself being crippled in one foot, and rather too old for military service.  As only son, George, by a former marriage was badly wounded in the throat, and captured in the first battle of Bull Run.  He was confined in Libby Prison, where he died.

L. W. Holley grew up on the farm, from which he migrated at maturity to Iowa, and spent two years here in various employments.  He wished to homestead, however, and moved to Orleans, Nebraska, where he homesteaded a valley farm.  He afterwards engaged in contracting and building, also well drilling.

It was while in Orleans that he met and married Allie Newton, a school teacher, who, with her parents, had located in that section, going there from the Muskingum Valley in Southern Ohio.  Her father was Abel S. Newton (July 23, 1832-July 11, 1884).  Her mother was Marie Jane (Forsythe) Newton, who was born August 28, 1836, and is living in 1930 at the age of ninety-four.  His father was Gideon Newton, born June 26, 1804, and was the first white male child born in Ohio.  The birth occurred in the block house at Marietta when settlers were there for protection during an Indian uprising.  Gideon Newton's father was Sylvanis Newton, who was born in New York State.  His wife was Elizabeth Stacy, born March 2, 1766, a daughter of Col. William Stacy, of Massachusetts, who commanded a regiment during the American Revolutionary war, and was buried at Marietta, Ohio.

Abel S. Newton himself, served with the Seventy-eighth Ohio Infantry during the latter part of the American Civil war, and was with General Sherman on his march to the sea.  Several of his brothers also served in the war.

During the pioneer days in Western Nebraska all of the crops were taken clean by the grasshoppers for two seasons; and at one time the early settlers were threatened by an Indian uprising, which, fortunately, did not reach their section of the state.  Buffalo, antelope and other wild game were very plentiful in the early days, and were depended on by the early settlers for their meat supply.  L. W. Holley, being an excellent shot, always provided plenty of meat for their homestead farm.  The carcass of an animal could be hung high up in the tree and would not be molested by flies, they being unknown in the early days.

There were three children born to L. W. and Allie (Newton) Holley; Claud C., October 23, 1883; Mabel A., April 25, 1887, and Harold H., September 26, 1889.  In 1890 the family moved to the Puget Sound section of the State of Washington.  Here the mother, Allie Newton-Holley, died in 1893.  The grief stricken father and children then returned to Nebraska for a short time and then to his old home in Southern Wisconsin, where they spent some years.

As mentioned above, L. W. Holley moved to Des Moines about 1901, and it was here that he married Lula Steele, and they have lived here since.  No children were born to the second marriage.  He retired from active management of the business in 1910, and the three children, Claud, Mabel and Harold, have been in charge ever since.  The firm employs from fifty to sixty people, besides about forty traveling salesmen who cover territory from Ohio to the Pacific, and from Wisconsin on the north to Alabama on the south.

Claud C., manager of the business, is a member of the Des Moines and the National Chambers of Commerce, the Grant Club, the Conopus Service Club, and is also affiliated with the First Methodist Church, of which he is a trustee.  He is a member of the Pioneer Lodge No. 22, A. F. and A. M., in Des Moines; also a Scottish Rite Mason, Shriner and a Knight of Pythias.  July 2, 1912, he married Grace Brown, daughter of Dallas M. and Eliza Brown, of Greenville, Indiana.  They have one child, Helen Marjorie, born October 13, 1914.

Mabel A. acts as treasurer and office manager of the company.  She is a member of the First Methodist Church, of the Woman's Rotary Club and of the Kappa Tau Delphian.

Harold H., superintendent of the printing department, is a member of Pioneer Lodge No. 22, A. F. and A. M.,m a York Rite Mason, Shriner and a member of the Grotto.  He married Caroline Myer November 29, 1911.  They are both affiliated with the Christian Science Church.  They have two sons, John, born July 10, 1913, and LeRoy, born September 27, 1917.


ELLIS J. HOOK.  Among the reliable and substantial members of the Winneshiek County bar, one who has been engaged in a successful practice since 1912 at Decorah, where he has gained a well-merited reputation for sound ability and broad knowledge of his calling, is Ellis J. Hook.  Commencing his career as a teacher in the public schools, he thus earned the means wherewith to gain his professional training, and in addition to being a prominent attorney has also been active in public life and financial affairs, having served in the Iowa Legislature and as mayor of Decorah.

Mr. Hook was born on a farm near Hopedale, Tazewell County, Illinois, December 5, 1870, and is a son of George W. and Catherine (Nanker) Hook.  The Hook family originated in England, whence the progenitor made his way to America prior to the war of the Revolution and took up his home in North Carolina.  Subsequently members of the family moved into Kentucky and Ohio, and it was in the latter state that George W. and Catherine Hook met and were married.  George W. Hook was reared on a farm and educated in th country schools, and was still a young man at the outbreak of the war between the states.  Volunteering his services to the Union, he became a member of the Company D, Eleventh Ohio Volunteer Cavalry, under Captain Van Winkel, and with this command was detailed to service on the western plains, where he participated in a great deal of Indian warfare.  At the close of his service he went to Tazewell County, Illinois, where he was engaged in farming until 1892, in that year coming to Iowa and establishing his residence in Grundy County, where he was a successful and substantial farmer until reaching the age of seventy years.  He then retired and moved to Grundy Center, where his death occurred in 1921, Mrs. Hook having passed away in 1911.  They were the parents of eleven children, of whom seven are now living,  Ellis J. having been the sixth in order of birth.  Both parents were faithful members of the Methodist Episcopal Church and people who were greatly esteemed in their community because of their many sterling qualities of mind and heart.

Ellis J. Hook attended a private school at Decorah, and after graduating from Decorah Institute, in 1894, prepared himself for teaching by attending summer sessions at the University of Iowa.  He taught school for several years and in 1899 was elected superintendent of schools of Winneshiek County, a position which he occupied until 1909.  At that time he commenced the study of law at the University of Iowa, from the legal department of which institution he was graduated as a member of the class of 1912 and was admitted to the bar.  He immediately began practice at Decorah, in  partnership with C. S. Brice, and this partnership continued until Mr. Brice's death in 1922, since which time Mr. Hook has practiced alone.  He carries on a large and lucrative law business of a general character and is admittedly one of the most reliable, energetic and capable men of his profession in the county.  Mr. Hook is a member of the Winneshiek County Bar Association, the Iowa Bar Association and the American Bar Association, in all of which he has a high standing and numerous friends.  He has always been prominent in public affairs and Republican politics, served three terms as chairman of the Republican central committee, was a member of the Thirty-eighth General Assembly of Iowa, and in 1917-18 was mayor of Decorah.  During the World war he was a four-minute man and likewise a member of the legal advisory board of his district.  He was one of the original incorporators of the Decorah State Bank, in 1906, and is still a member of the board of directors of that institution.  He is serving as president of the local public library board, belongs to the Decorah Chamber of Commerce and the local lodge of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, and supports the Methodist Episcopal Church.

In 1898 Mr. Hook was united in marriage with Miss Minnie M. Reed, of Decorah, the only daughter and youngest child of the four children of Daniel A. and Mary L. (Topliff) Reed.  Mrs. Hook comes of a long line of legal men, both her paternal and maternal grandfathers having been county judges.  Her father, a farmer, died in 1910, and her mother in 1927.  Mr. and Mrs. Hook have no children.


BUSH HOUSTON, physician and surgeon, practicing at Nevada in Story County, grew up in the State of Iowa from early childhood, and has earned a very enviable record in his profession in this state.

He was born at Wamego, Kansas, September 4, 1885, son of James and Lucy (Barrett) Houston.  His father went to Kansas at an early date and was a builder and contractor who did a great deal of work for the Union Pacific Railroad.  He died in Kansas in 1891 and his wife passed away in 1888.

Dr. Bush Houston was only three years old when his mother died, and he was then sent to the home of his uncle, E. E. Barrett, at Montezuma, Iowa, where he grew up and received his early education in the grade and high schools.  In 1908 he graduated in medicine from the University of Iowa, and for five years remained in Montezuma in general practice.  Doctor Houston gave up his work there in order to prepare himself for larger service in the profession.  He pursued a special course in anatomy under Doctor Prentiss at the University of Iowa and spent a year in Chicago under the instruction of a famous surgeon, Dr. Emil Ries.  Then, in February, 1913, Doctor Houston located at Nevada, and while engaged in a general practice he had limited his work to the town, and for the most part specializes in surgical cases.  He has been honored with election to the American College of Surgeons and is a member of the Story County, Iowa State and American Medical Association.

Doctor Houston married, in August, 1912, Miss Rachel Smith, of Montezuma, who was born there and was graduated from the Cumnock School of Chicago in 1910.  Doctor and Mrs. Houston have had two children:  Florabel H., born at Nevada, April 10, 1916, a junior in high school; and Virginia L. born at Nevada, November 28, 1919, who passed away May 5, 1930.

Doctor Houston is a thirty-second degree Scottish Rite Mason, a member of the Knights of Pythias, a member of the Rotary Club, is a Methodist and belongs to the Indian Creek Country Club.

He has membership in the American Legion.  In July, 1918, he enlisted at Des Moines, was sent to the Medical Officers Training School at Fort Riley, Kansas, for six weeks, joined the Eighth Sanitary Train of the Eighth Division at Palo Alto, California, and was under overseas orders, en route when the armistice was signed.  He was honorably discharged June 23, 1919, with the rank of first lieutenant in the Medical Corps, at Newport News, Virginia.


RAYMOND E. HOYNE.  Among the youngest generation of lawyers practicing at the Iowa bar, one who has gained well-merited preferment in his calling is Raymond E. Hoyne, of Hamburg.  Coming to this thriving community in 1924, he soon formed an alliance with Robert F. Hickman, and the firm of Hickman & Hoyne is now accounted one of the strong and reliable law concerns of the country.  Mr. Hoyne has participated in much important litigation that has been brought into the courts in recent years, both as a private practitioner and as city attorney of Hamburg, an office in which he served efficiently for four years.

Raymond E. Hoyne was born at Newell, Buena Vista County, Iowa, May 8, 1900, and is a son of William S. and Clara (Gregg) Hoyne.  His paternal grandfather, N. H. Hoyne, was born in Denmark, and in young manhood came to the United States, taking up his residence in pioneer days in what is now South Dakota.  There he hewed out a farm from the wilderness, developed a home and reared his family rounding out his career as a good citizen and a man who had the confidence and esteem of the community.  William S. Hoyne was born at Racine, Wisconsin, where he was reared and educated, and in young manhood went to South Dakota, where he remained until 1898.  In that year he came to Buena Vista County, Iowa, and for a time resided at Newell, but subsequently established himself in the shoe business at Clarinda,  Page County, where he still makes his home.  He is one of the reliable merchants of his community and has built up a profitable business through legitimate methods.  Mr. Hoyne is a Republican in his political allegiance, but has not sought public office.  He belongs to the Masons and the Order of the Eastern Star, of which Mrs. Hoyne is also a member, and both are active in the work of the Presbyterian Church.  By a former marriage Mr. Hoyne had one son:  Dr. Kenneth, who is engaged in the practice of dental surgery at Centerville, South Dakota.  The present Mrs. Hoyne was born at Chariton, Iowa, and is a daughter of Elisha Gregg, a pioneer settler and agriculturist of that part of the state.

The only child of his parents, Raymond E. Hoyne attended public school at Indianola and high school at Clarinda, and then enrolled as a student at the University of Iowa, from which he was duly graduated as a member of the class of 1924, receiving the degree of Bachelor of Law.  Selecting the thriving community of Hamburg as the scene of his professional activities, he practiced alone here for two months, at the end of which time he became associated with Robert F. Hickman, a review of whose career will be found elsewhere in this work, under the firm name of Hickman & Hoyne.  Mr. Hoyne has displayed a complete mastery of the law in a number of important cases, and is soundly grounded in principles and precedents.  He is a member of the Fremont County Bar Association, the Phi Alpha Delta legal fraternity and the Delta Upsilon fraternity, and is likewise a Mason.  A Republican in politics, he has taken an active part in public affairs, and for four years served the community of Hamburg in the capacity of city attorney, in which office he gave a good account of his abilities and his ideals of public service.  With his fellow-members of the Kiwanis Club he has constantly assisted worthy movements of a civic nature.  He has belonged to the Presbyterian Church since young manhood, and is a member of the board of trustees of the local church.

In 1923 Mr. Hoyne was united in marriage, at Davenport, Iowa, with Miss Julia Thompson, who was born at Tobias, Nebraska.  She is a graduate of the University of Iowa, and prior to her marriage taught home economics at Fremont, Tipton and Hamburg, this state.  They have no children.


FREDERICK C. HUBBELL , who is one of the substantial capitalists and influential citizens of his native City of Des Moines, is a representative of a family that has been established in Iowa more than seventy years and that has stood as one of major prominence and influence in connection with development and progress of the Hawkeye State - especially its fine capital city.

Frederick C. Hubbell was born in Des Moines on the 29th of April, 1864, and is a son of Frederick M. and Frances (Cooper) Hubbell, the former of whom was born in Connecticut, January 17, 1839, of Colonial New England ancestry and the latter of whom was born in Pennsylvania, she having been eighty-three years of age at the time of her death in 1924, and having been one of the gracious and loved pioneer women of Des Moines.

Frederick C., immediate subject of this review, is the eldest of the three children of Frederick M. and Frances (Cooper) Hubbell; Beulah is the wife of Carl Watchmaster, who is now retired from active business, and they reside in the City of Paris, France; Grover C. youngest of the children, is individually mentioned in the following sketch.

Frederick C. Hubbell, whose name initiates this sketch, received the advantages of the Des Moines public schools, and after completing his high school course he was a student in the Albany Law School in the capital city of New York.  Though he was not engaged in the active practice of law he has found his technical knowledge of great value in his management of business.  Upon his return in Des Moines Mr. Hubbell became actively associated with his father's varied and important business interests, and about 1890 he assumed executive management of the Des Moines Western and the Des Moines Union Railroads, the former of which was sold in 1898.  Mr. Hubbell thereafter became extensively engaged in real estate operations, and at the present time he is executive head of the Des Moines Terminal Railroad, the Des Moines Western Railroad and of F. M. Hubbell, Son & Company, Inc., besides being identified with other important corporations. His political allegiance is given to the Republican party.

In the year 1889 Mr. Hubbell was united in marriage with Miss Mary Windsor, who was born in Chicago, but who was reared and educated in Des Moines, where her father, James H. Windsor, was a pioneer in the meat-packing industry, as owner of the business conducted under the title of Des Moines Packing Company.  The death of Mrs. Hubbell occurred January 30, 1923, and she is survived by two sons:  Frederick W., who received the advantages of Harvard University and who is now vice president of the Equitable Life Insurance Company of Iowa, married Miss Helen Clarke, and their two children, Frederick Windsor and Helen Ann, are representative of the fourth generation of the Hubbell family in Iowa.  James W., the younger son, likewise attended historic old Harvard University, and he is now associated with administrative affairs in the offices of his father, he being the subject of a personal sketch elsewhere in this publication.  He married Miss Harriet Cox, and they have three children:  James Windsor, Jr., Mary and Crawford.


FREDERICK M. HUBBELL at the age of ninety had the fortune to see his plans and efforts of more than seventy years come to complete fruition.  Mr. Hubbell as a lawyer, business man and financier has probably been more intimately connected with the projects and enterprises that have made Des Moines a modern city than any other man now living.

Mr. Hubbell, who arrived at Fort Des Moines May 8, 1855, was then sixteen years of age.  He was born at Huntington, Fairfield County, Connecticut, January 17, 1839, and was educated in district schools and had three years of high school work before coming west.  On this journey to the Mississippi River Valley he accompanied his father, who was a farmer and stone mason.  They traveled by railroad as far as Rock Island, took a steamboat over to  Muscatine, and by stage coach came to Des Moines.  The following day Frederick M. Hubbell began employment as clerk in the United States land office under receiver P. M. Cassidy, at a salary of a hundred dollars a year, and in March, 1856, he removed to Sioux City, taking a position in the land office there, and later appointed deputy clerk of courts, a special act of the Legislature removing his minority qualification for his position later was passed to assure the legality of his acts.  In the meantime he studied law, was admitted to practice April 24, 1858, this also before he had reached his majority, and in the spring of 1860 he became one of the organizers of Sioux County.  After five years at Sioux City Mr. Hubbell returned to Des Moines, in 1861, was a clerk in the law office of Cassidy & Polk, and on January 1, 1862, was admitted to partnership, his seniors in the firm being two other distinguished pioneer Iowans, Phineas M. Cassidy and Jefferson Scott Polk.  Judge Cassidy retired in 1865, and from that time until January 1, 1887, the firm was Polk & Hubbell.  It was a law firm with a large volume of practice, but it was the business and financial operations of the firm that are of most importance in the history of Des Moines and the state.

Polk & Hubbell supplied not only legal counsel but a great deal of finance and business ability in the development of transportation lines in and out of Des Moines.  They promoted the beginning of a street railway system in 1866.  They were large stockholders in the Des Moines & Minnesota Railroad Company when it was constructed from Des Moines to Ames.  Later this road was sold to the Chicago & Northwestern.  In 1879 they acquired the property and the assets of the Des Moines, Adel & Western Railroad, which was started in 1871.  In January, 1888, Polk & Hubbell sold their interest to the Des Moines & Northwestern Railway Company, which had been organized in 1887, and of which F. M. Hubbell was president, Gen. G. M. Dodge, vice president, and J. S. Polk, secretary and treasurer.  Eventually this line became a part of the Chicago & Milwaukee & Saint Paul system.

Mr. Hubbell with Mr. Polk and B. F. Allen incorporated the Des Moines Water Works Company, and secured a franchise in 1871.  This company built the water system, and Polk & Hubbell owned and controlled the company for a number of years, Mr. Hubbell serving as secretary of the company.  Mr. Hubbell was also one of the organizers of the Des Moines Union Railway Company and was its first secretary and treasurer.

Mr. Hubbell was the man perhaps primarily responsible for instituting Des Moines as a center in the western insurance world.  He helped organize in 1867 the Equitable Life Insurance Company of Iowa, became its first secretary, in 1888 was elected president, and was head of the company until 1907, after which he served as chairman of the Board of Trustees.  He is still chairman of the board and is a trustee of the Frederick M. Hubbell estate.  Mr. Hubbell has been a Democrat in politics, and for many years a communicant of Saint Paul's Episcopal Church at Des Moines.

He married Frances Cooper, whose father, Isaac Cooper, was an early day building contractor in Des Moines.  Mrs. Hubbell is deceased.  There are three children.  The sons, F. C. and Grover C., are Des Moines citizens whose careers are sketched individually elsewhere.  The only daughter, Beulah C., is the wife of County Carl A. Wachtmeister, and they live in Paris and have a son, Frederick.


FREDERICK W. HUBBELL must find a definite measure of pride and satisfaction in being an executive officer of the Equitable Life Insurance Company of Des Moines, of which he is vice president, for this substantial and well conducted concern, the history of which covers a period of more than sixty years, had as one of its founders his paternal grandfather, Frederick M. Hubbell, who has been one of the foremost figures in the march of development and progress of Des Moines, where he established residence in 1855 and where he now maintains his home, having celebrated in January, 1930, the ninety-first anniversary of his birth.  Of this patriarchal and honored citizen more specific mention is made on other pages of this publication, in the personal sketch of his son Frederick C., who is, in turn, the father of Frederick W. of this review.  By reason of such reference to the careers of the grandfather and the father no further record of the family history is here demanded.

Frederick W. Hubbell was born in Des Moines on the 24th day of November, 1891, ad here his early education was acquired in the public schools, including the high school.  It was thereafter his privilege to become a student in historic old Harvard University, and in that institution he was graduated as a member of the class of 1913 and with the degree of Bachelor of Arts.  Upon his return to his native city he became assistant treasurer of the Equitable Life Insurance Company, with which he has since continued his executive association and of which he is now the vice president.  Mr. Hubbell is one of the representative business men of the younger generation in his native city, is vitally interested in all that touches the welfare and advancement of that city, is a Republican in politics, and he and his wife are communicants of St. Paul's Church Protestant Episcopal.

On the 19th of June, 1915, was solemnized the marriage of Mr. Hubbell and Miss Helen L. Clark, who was born in Sioux City, this state, and who received the advantages of the University of Minnesota and of the exclusive Finch School in New York City.  Rufus B. Clark, father of Mrs. Hubbell, was an executive of the Queal Lumber Company, which maintains establishments in Sioux City and Des Moines, Iowa, and Minneapolis, Minnesota.  Mr. and Mrs. Hubbell have two children:  Frederick W., Jr., born June 15, 1921, and Helen Ann, born September 13, 1924.


GROVER COOPER HUBBELL is interested prominently in leading manufacturing industries and other important corporations in his native City of Des Moines, where the Hubbell family had stood exponent of large influence since the early pioneer days.  Mr. Hubbell has rank as one of the substantial capitalists and representative men of affairs in Des Moines, where his birth occurred February 3, 1883, and he is a son of Frederick M. and Frances (Cooper) Hubbell, concerning whom, and the family history as well, adequate record appears on other pages of this publication, in the personal sketch of his only, and older, brother, Frederick C. Hubbell.  The venerable father, now ninety-two years of age, still resides in Des Moines, where he first established residence in 1855, and his large and worthy achievement constitutes an integral part of the history of development and progress in Iowa and its fair capital city.

The Des Moines public schools afforded Grover C. Hubbell his earlier education, which was advanced by his attending the Culver Military Academy, Culver, Indiana, and Lawrenceville School, at Lawrenceville, New Jersey.  He was graduated at Lawrenceville as a member of the class of 1902, and in 1905 he was graduated in Yale University, with the degree of Civil Engineer.  He has since been actively concerned with the affairs of the large and important estate developed by his father in Des Moines, besides having many and varied capitalistic interests of independent order, including his association with manufacturing enterprise of major importance, his large real-estate holdings and operations, and his association with the Equitable Life Insurance Company of Des Moines, of which he is a trustee, his father having been one of the two founders of this substantial and well ordered corporation.

Mr. Hubbell takes loyal and liberal interest in all that concerns the welfare of his native city and state, his political alignment is with the Republican party, he is affiliated with both York and Scottish Rite bodies of the Masonic fraternity, as well as the Mystic Shrine, has membership in the Des Moines Club and the Wakonda Club, and he and his wife are communicants of the Protestant Episcopal Church.

On the 27th of September, 1905, was solemnized the marriage of Mr. Hubbell to Miss Anna Ramsey Godfrey, a daughter of Col. George L. Godfrey, who was colonel in the United States army in the Civil war and who thereafter held various Governmental positions of importance, he having been at one time United States collector of customs in Des Moines.  Mr. and Mrs. Hubbell have three children:  Frances Cooper Hubbell, eldest of the three daughter, was born October 18, 1906, and was graduated in Smith College as a member of the class of 1928.  Helen Virginia, the second daughter, was born February 12, 1908, attended Columbia University, New York City, also student modeling and art in New York, and married Niblack Thorne, of Chicago, May 17, 1930; Mary Belle, who was born December 15, 1911, attended the "Andre Brook" School at Tarrytown, New York, and is now attending a finishing school in Munich, Germany, conducted by Miss Weaver of "Andre Brook."


JAMES W. HUBBELL, is manager of the F. M. Hubbell estate, which is one of the most important in the City of Des Moines, he having been born in this city on the 5th of June, 1895, and here being a scion of the third generation of a family whose name has been one of major prominence in connection with the history of Iowa's capital city during a period of nearly three-quarters of a century.  Of the history of the Hubbell family adequate record is given on other pages of this publication, in the personal sketch of Frederick C. Hubbell, who is the father of James W. of this review and a son of Frederick M. Hubbell, who remains as one of the most venerable and honored pioneer citizens of Des Moines and of whose large estate the subject of this sketch has general executive management.

After completing his course in the West High School of Des Moines James W. Hubbell entered historic old Harvard University, in which institution he was graduated as a member of the class of 1917 and from which he received the  degree of Bachelor of Arts.  At the university he was a popular member of the representative student organization known as the Fly Club.

In the year that marked the graduation of Mr. Hubbell from Harvard University the nation entered the World war, and it was his to represent Iowa as one of the gallant young soldiers in that great conflict.  After his enlistment he received preliminary training at Camp Dodge, Iowa, where he won commission as first lieutenant.  He went overseas as a member of the Eighty-eighth Division, and with the American Expeditionary Forces he was in active service in France at the time the historic armistice brought the war to a close.  He later returned with his command to the United States, and he received his honorable discharge on the 6th of June, 1919.

After his return to his native city Mr. Hubbell became a trustee of the F. M. Hubbell estate - that of his grandfather, and he now has the active management of this estate, the holdings and interests of which are many and varied and include valuable Des Moines real estate.  Mr. Hubbell is a member of the Board of Trustees of the Equitable Life Insurance Company and in his home city is likewise a director of the Bankers Trust Company.  His political alignment is with the Republican party, he and his wife are communicants of Saint Paul's Church, Protestant Episcopal, and he has membership in the Des Moines and the Wakonda Clubs.

In 1921 was solemnized the marriage of Mr. Hubbell and Miss Harriet Cox, who was born and reared in Sacramento, California, and who is a daughter of Crawford Cox. The three children of this union are James W., Jr., Mary Windsor and Crawford Cox, aged respectively, at the opening of the year 1929, seven, five and three years.


SIMON A. HUBER is a physician and surgeon whose services have made him one of the best loved and most respected and valuable citizens of Charter Oak, Crawford County.

Doctor Huber was born at Columbus, Nebraska, April 2, 1882, and, owning to the early death of his parents, had to make his own way in the world.  Getting an education was a considerable struggle and entailed a great deal of hard work and privation on his part.  His parents, Simon and Margaret Huber, were natives of Switzerland.  Doctor Huber was only three months old when his father died and was seven years old when his mother passed away at Columbus, Nebraska.  As an orphan boy he made the best use of his opportunities, attending public schools, studied in the State Normal School at Wayne, Nebraska, and in 1908 graduated from the Creighton University School of Medicine at Omaha.  Doctor Huber for three and a half years practiced at Minneola, Iowa, and in 1914 established his home at Charter Oak.  The only interruption to his continuous service as a physician and surgeon came during the World war, when he was overseas in France.  He served, with the rank of captain, in the Medical Corps for a year with Base Hospital No. 2 at Beau-Desert.

Doctor Huber is a member of the Crawford County, Iowa State and American Medical Associations, is a thirty-second degree Scottish Rite Mason and Shriner, a Republican, a Presbyterian and a member of the American Legion Post Homer Hall of Charter Oak.  His pastime is fishing.

He married Miss Clara Hartje, a native of Iowa.  They have two children, Genevieve M. and Robert A.


CHARLES CLYDE HUNT.  The Masonic fraternity is possibly the oldest organized institution known to civilized man.  Its present organization is some 250 years old, but back of that the order can be traced in one way or another to the days of early Egyptian dynasties, and through many countries and during many centuries it has ben doing a highly beneficent work.  It is the only international society and is the only human institution that has no boundary lines and enters into every country where a measure of civilization prevails and one God is recognized.

In the United States the membership of more than 3,300,000 comprises the cream of our citizenship.  From George Washington down to our present day our greatest and best men have felt honored in being affiliated with this ancient and yet vigorous institution.  Never soliciting membership, never answering criticisms, moving along in the even tenor of its way, doing good to humanity, with the advance of civilization it grows stronger year by year, and men wonder why.  The reasons are not far to seek.  In a world of rapid change it is reasonable and conservative.  In a world of political unrest, no politics comes within its portals.  In a world of many social strata, it is absolutely democratic, and upon the floors of its lodges all members meet upon an equality.  The widow and the orphan know it but to bless, the distressed brother in a far country meets something even beyond charity.  That it lives and thrives and waxes more vigorous with the centuries is a just tribute to its work, worth and merit. In every large city and in every state of the Union there are found men who are to the Masonic fraternity of their jurisdiction what great generals are to great armies, and among these is Charles Clyde Hunt, of Cedar Rapids, grand secretary of the Grand Lodge of Iowa, A. F. and A. M.

Charles Clyde Hunt, was born at Cleveland, Ohio, November 9, 1866, and is a son of Dr. William George and Mary A. (Chase) Hunt.  His father, born in England, August 7, 1803, was a picture frame molder in his native country as well as at Cleveland, and then took up the study of medicine.  In 1869 he came to Iowa, and was engaged in the practice of his profession at Monticello until his death in 1886.

Charles C. Hunt had only the advantages of a public school education as a lad, for it was necessary for him to go to work and assist in the support of the family.  He worked in a creamery at Monticello for seven years, during which time he studied nights, and, desiring to secure the benefits of a good education, moved the family to Grinnell, this state, and worked his way thorough Grinnell College, from which excellent institution he was graduated with the degree of Bachelor of Arts as a member of the class of 1892.  He commenced his career as a school teacher at Northfield, Minnesota, and for one year was also principal of the school at Cherokee, Iowa, but at the end of that time returned to Grinnell, where for twelve years he served as deputy county treasurer and for six years as county treasurer of Poweshiek County, being nominated by his party without opposition and in his last term being elected without opposition.  As county treasurer he was appointed to serve on the commission to prepare blanks and forms used in all county treasurers', auditors' and assessors' offices.  Because of the efficiency and painstaking care which Treasurer Hunt used in the conduct of his own affairs, he was selected to serve as state examiner in 1913, but resigned from this office to remove to Cedar Rapids in August, 1917, to become deputy grand secretary of the Grand Lodge, A. F. and A. M., of Iowa.  At the time of the decease of the late N. R. Parvi, January 19, 1925, Mr. Hunt became grand secretary, a position which he has since filled with great efficiency.  As a Masonic student and because of his writings on Masonic subjects as editor of the Grand Lodge Bulletin, Grand Lodge of Iowa, A. F. and A. M., he is known not only all over the United States, but in foreign countries as well.  Mr. Hunt has been active in Masonry since 1900, having served five years as master of Lafayette Lodge No. 52, A. F. and A. M., at Montezuma; is a past high priest of Hyssop Chapter, R. A. M., at Malcom, Iowa; a past eminent commander of Appollo Commandery, K. T., at Cedar Rapids, and grand high priest of the Grand Chapter, R. A. M., of Iowa in 1919-1920.  He was a member of the committee on Cryptic History of the Iowa Grand Council, R. and S. M.; and the General Grand Council,  R. and S. M.  Index Grand Commandery Code of Iowa.  He is a charter member of th National Masonic Research Association, in which he has been active since its organization in 1914,  in which year he served as secretary, and has assisted in the preparation of articles for the Masonic Encyclopedia.  In 1922 he was called by the United States Government as an expert witness at the trial at Salt Lake City in the famous Thompson Masonic fraud case.  Mr. Hunt is a member of the Scottish Rite, A. A. S. R., and a life member of Kaaba Temple, A. A. O. N. M. S., at Davenport.  He likewise has other fraternal affiliations, being a past noble grand, a past chief patriarch and a past major canton in Odd Fellowship, and a past chancellor commander of the Knights of Pythias.  He was elected for the term of 1929-1930 as president of the Grand Secretaries Association of the United States.  Politically Mr. Hunt is a Republican.  He is an active member of the Presbyterian Church and has served twice as chairman of the pastoral committee of the Westminster Presbytery of Iowa.  One of Mr. Hunt's favorite recreations is the game of chess, in which he is accounted an expert player.

On June 30, 1897, while deputy county treasurer, he was united in marriage with Miss Catherine Knapp, who was born at Smithfield, Minnesota, of pioneer parentage.  After completing her education at Winona, Minnesota, she became a teacher at Northfield, Minnesota, until her marriage to Mr. Hunt.  They are the parents of four children:  Lucien Francis, a graduate of Coe College, Bachelor of Arts, and of the University of Ohio, Bachelor of Science, who is now teacher of chemistry at the Northern Michigan Normal School, at Marquette, Michigan; George Albert, a graduate of Coe College, Bachelor of Arts, Northwestern Michigan Normal School, Master of Chemistry, and Doctor of Bacteriology, Yale University, where he was an instructor of medicine in 1929-1930, when he went to Europe in the interests of a large manufacturing concern to do research work in bacteriology at the prominent clinics; Evelyn Knapp, a graduate of Coe College, who was an instructor in physical training in the high schools of Marion and Cedar Rapids until her marriage to Eldo S. Reid, of Laurens, Iowa; and Catharine Leona, a student at the Powers School of Spoken Word, Boston, Massachusetts.


WILLIAM A HUNT is one of the brilliant and resourceful members of the Ottumwa bar.  He has enjoyed a large patronage as a lawyer, and is a man of many interesting connections and associations with his home community and state.  The Republican party organization regards him as one of its ablest young leaders and speakers.

Mr. Hunt was born in Davis County, Iowa, December 17, 1887, a son of Charles E. and Clara B. (Colston) Hunt, and grandson of Thomas A. Hunt, who came from Virginia to Iowa in the early 1850's and served with an Iowa regiment in the Union army.  The maternal grandfather, William Colston, was born in England, came to the United States and located in Iowa prior to the Civil war, and during the war was a member of the Sixth Iowa Cavalry.  Before leaving the military service he participated in several Indian campaigns.  Mr. Hunt's father, Rev. Charles E. Hunt, was also born in Davis County, Iowa, and devoted his active life to the ministry of the Christian Church.  He and his wife had two sons, William A. and Elmer, the latter of whom was also an attorney, located at Creston, Iowa.

William A. Hunt was graduated in 1906 from the Southern Iowa Normal School at Bloomfield in Davis County.  He then spent over six years in the University of Iowa.  He was graduated from the liberal arts course in 1910, completed the work of the college of law in 1912 and remained for a year in the graduate school.  Mr. Hunt was admitted to the bar in 1912 and for three years practiced in the State of Ohio.  He then returned to Iowa, and has since been located at Ottumwa.  He was city solicitor from 1919 to 1925, inclusive, and since 1926 has been chairman of the Wapello County Republican Central Committee.  He is a member of the Wapello County, Iowa State and American Bar Associations.

Mr. Hunt came in for some unusual honors in the political campaign of 1928, being made temporary and permanent chairman and keynote speaker in the Iowa Republican State Convention at Des Moines on July 18, 1928.  In the same campaign he was presidential elector at large from Iowa.  Mr. Hunt is a director of the Ottumwa Y. M. C. A., a member of the Chamber of Commerce, a past president of the Kiwanis Club, is a Knight Templar and Scottish Rite Mason and Shriner and a member of the Knights of Pythias, B. P. O. Elks, Moose and Yoemen.  During the World war he was chairman of the Wapello County four-minute speakers.  Mr. Hunt and family are members of the First Christian Church and take and active part in that organization.

Mr. Hunt married at Des Moines in 1911 Miss Grace Toulouse, daughter of Joseph H. and Priscilla (Wayne) Toulouse.  Mrs. Hunt is of French ancestry, and her mother was a direct descendant of the family of the famous "Mad Anthony" Wayne.  Mrs. Hunt is a prominent factor in social and civic organizations, being a past matron of the Eastern Star Chapter, is a member of the Ottumwa Woman's Club and has given much time to the work of the home beautiful and gardening movement.  Her own home  is a contribution to the ideals of this movement.  It is known as Torbin Hill, being located on the summit of one of Ottumwa's heights, commanding a fine view of the Des Moines River Valley and surrounding country.  Mr. and Mrs. Hunt have spent a great deal of time and labor in landscaping the grounds.  They have three children:  William A., Jr., who graduated from the Ottumwa High School in 1929 and is now an Iowa representative in the United States Military Academy at West Point; Dorothy, who graduated from the Ottumwa High School in 1929 and is a student in the University of Iowa at Iowa City; and J. Paul, attending high school.


HON. MARK WILLIAM HYLAND, mayor of Tama, has practiced law in that city since 1911.  It was both an honor and responsibility when Mr. Hyland was elected mayor, and the people of Tama have fallen into the habit of looking to him for able leadership in any form of community undertakings.

Mr. Hyland was born in the City of Des Moines, September 26, 1886, son of William and Mary (Dowd) Hyland.  His grandfather was Mark Hyland, an Iowa pioneer who came from Worcestershire, England.  He was a brick mason by trade, but in Iowa lived on a farm at the village of Campbell in Polk County. He was an English Lutheran, but his son William and Mary Dowd Jyland were Catholics.  William Hyland learned the trade of brick mason, and through his trade contributed to the construction of some of Des Moines' buildings.  For a number of years he acted as straw boss for the two prominent construction firms of Youngermann Company and Weitz Company.  He was born at Campbell, just west of Des Moines, in 1853, and his wife was born at Davenport, in 1851.  These parents have three children, Mark William being the oldest, John for many years was manager of the Des Moines Gun Stock Company, and since that was merged with the Penrod Jordan & Clarke Company he has had charge of the Kansas City branch.  The daughter, Mayme, is the wife of Roy Peterson, with the Des Moines Gun Stock Company.

Mark William Hyland did not lack the average comforts and privileges of an Iowa boy growing up in the capital city, but the circumstances of the family were such as to encourage him to early efforts for himself, and after the local schools he won his education through college and university.  He attended the Crocker School in Des Moines for his grade work, graduated from the West Des Moines High School in 1905, and later entered the University of Iowa.  While he paid his expenses in university, he took a prominent part in athletics, going to the university with the record of a good performer in the high school teams.  While at the university he was for a time stenographer to the Dean of Pharmacy.  He played football and basketball, and also had charge of the ticket sales at various athletic events.  His interest in athletics was continued after he left the university and for a time he played professional ball, and even yet he finds his week ends taken up by duties as a referee.  He was graduated LL. B. from the University of Iowa in 1911, and at once came to Tama to engage in practice.  He was associated with S. C. Huber until the later was appointed United States judge in the Hawaiian Islands by President Wilson in 1916.  Since then he has practiced alone and has enjoyed a large business in the local courts and as a counselor.

Mr. Hyland was a member of the Tama school board and chairman of the board from 1922 to 1928, and in the latter year was elected mayor.  His administration has been one of efficiency in all departments, but perhaps his chief emphasis has been directed toward giving Tama adequate streets, and connections with the outside world through paved highways.  He has been an advocate of good roads ever since he came to Tama, and exerted his influence toward bringing two of the Federal Aid Highways through the city, the Lincoln Highway and Route 59.  In politics Mr. Jyland is a Democrat, and has served his party well in the county and has attended a number of Democratic conventions.  He is a member of the Tama County, Iowa State and American Bar Associations, is a member of the Phi Delta Phi legal fraternity, the Sigma Alpha Epsilon, and is secretary of the Tama Commercial Club.  During the war he had charge of the Third Liberty Loan Drive, was district chairman of the National Council of Defense, and is today chairman of the local Red Cross.

Mr. Hyland married Miss Elizabeth Hruska, daughter of Lueis Hruska, of Cedar Rapids. They have two children, John, born in 1915, and June, born in 1920.  John has the athletic propensities of his father and in high school is on the basketball and football teams and one of the junior players in the local tennis club.


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