The Keosauqua Republican
Keosauqua, Van Buren, Iowa
May 3, 1883
Questions for State Certificates
The following list of questions
(with the exception of Algebra) which we omit because of difficult work to put
it into type) is the course required in the last March examinations for State
Certificates, held at Burlington and Des Moines. They will be of deep interest
to most of our patrons. For life diplomas a number of other branches, besides
these here given, must be passed by applicants.
RULES FOR CANDIDATES
1. Read carefully all the rules.
2. Place upon each piece of paper passed by the person
conducting the examination, your number, as given you at the beginning of the
3. Use only the paper furnished you, and write upon but
one side of the same, and that the side with the ruled margin.
4. Read carefully the questions, and in case duplicate
questions are presented under the same number, "select one," as in no
case will credit be given for both.
5. Place in the margin the number of the question
answered, leaving the space of one line below your answers. Your answers need
not be consecutive in the order of the questions, if you desire to answer first
those which seem easiest to you, provided the number of the question answered be
placed distinctly in the margin.
6. In all mathematical work let the full process
appear, since more attention will be given to correct processes than to correct
results, the answer being placed in the margin under the number. Paper will be
furnished...[can't read line]...each solution be copied as soon as completed.
7. At the expiration of the time allotted for the
subject, you will pass our paper promptly to the examiner without folding or
creasing in any manner.
8. Ask no questions of examiners during the progress of
the examination. Do not leave your seat until the close of the hour for
9. Let all things be done decently and in order.
Time, Forty-Five Minutes.
1. Who is Vice-President of the United
States? Who is Speaker of the House? Who is Chief Justice? Give the name of the
2. What was the Credit Mobilier? In what way did it
affect American politics?
3. Which of the thirteen original colonies was largely
settled for released prisoners for debt? Who was the author of that mode of
4. Where was Washington first inaugurated, and who
administered the oath of office? Why was not the oath administered by the Chief
Justice of the United States?
5. Name five important events in Andrew Jackson's
6. With what foreign power did our country form the
first treaty? who was the American diplomatist?
7. Who was Owen Lovejoy? Narrate the circumstances of
8. What led to the court-martial of General Fitz John
Porter? What was the result of the trial?
9. In whose administration as the first Pacific
10. Explain the government and system in support of the
public schools in many states of the Union.
Time, One Hour
1. Begin with Maine and name all the
States and Territories bordering on the British possessions, and name capitals
2. Locate Savannah, Glasgow, Tokio, Timbuctoo, Madras,
Sitka, Santiago and Vera Cruz.
3. Take a cargo from Natchez to Odessa and name all the
bodies of water over which you would have to pass.
4. Name the Republics of Europe.
5. Locate the penitentiaries, asylums, reform schools
and educational institutions in Iowa under State control.
6. Name all the railroads that traverse the State of
Iowa from east to west, and the cities at both the eastern and western ends of
each, in the State.
7. Trade winds. What are they, where are they, and how
8. Where are the best anthracites coal fields in the
United States? Where are the best lead deposits? Where are the best marble
9. Locate the great volcanic girdle of the world, and
give the reason for the intense volcanic activity in the regions of the East and
10. Name and locate the prominent mountain ranges of
Time, One-half Hour
1. Form the principles of some system
2. Form all the letters one space in height and mark
3. Form the letters two spaces in height, and the
4. Illustrate the different "turns"
5. Describe the position of the body, feet, arms and
pen-holding in writing.
6. Illustrate "slant" and tell the different
7. Form all the capitals which require the
"capital stem," the "direct oval," the "reversed
8. Give a method of "opening, conducting,"
and "closing" a writing class.
9. Give some reasons for preferring copy-books for
10. Tell why teacher should keep books and pens when
class is not writing.
Time, Two Hours
1. Find the G.C.D. of 408 and 1768, by
at least two processes, and demonstrate the process by division of the less into
2. State and demonstrate a rule for dividing one
fraction by another.
3. Copy the following table. On the line with
percentage in the several columns, write the terms thereof. Opposite each of the
other subjects in the first column, write under each term in percentage, the
corresponding term of that subject.
True Discount |___|___|___|___|___|___|
4. Which is the better investment, and how much, one of
$4,200, yielding $168, semi-annually, or one of $7,500 producing $712.50
5. A and B are partners. A's stock is to B's as 4 to 5,
after 3 months A withdraws two-thirds of his and B three-fourth of his; divide
their year's gain of $1,675.
6. Of two pieces of land, the one a circle of 17 rods
in diameter, the other a triangle whose hypotenuse is 40 rods and whose
base is 24 rods, which is the larger and by how much?
7. Write a full synopsis of Ratio and Proportion.
Demonstrate the fundamental principles of Proportion.
8. Name and describe the principle units of the Metric
system. Write the table for capacity. Explain the meaning of the prefixes used.
9. Explain the process of extracting the cube root by
one of the two regular modes, indicating the adoption of its class instruction.
You can employ 91125 if you need a number which is a power.
10. Write the general formula of the value of S,
arithmetical series and demonstrate it.
Time, Forty-Five Minutes
1. Describe the manner in which the
bones are joined together.
2. Name and describe the different kinds of joints;
give an example of each.
3. Give a full description of the vertebral column.
4. Explain the manner in which the character of the
blood is changed into the lungs.
5. What habits impair the power of the lungs?
6. State what fluids or juices are secreted by the
system for the digestion of food, and give the particular one of each.
7. Describe the liver and state its function.
8. Locate the diaphragm, describe it and state its
Time, One Hour
1. Describe what your pupils should be
able to do in Reading on the Completion of the Second Reader? Of the Third
Reader? Of the Fourth Reader? Of the Fifth Reader?
2. What results should be reached in number lessons at
the end of the first year?
3. Explain your treatment of fractions when teaching
pupils just entering upon the subject.
4. Discuss this principle called selectivity in
pupils. What is violated and when maintained?
5. What principles underlie the art of questioning?
6. Indicate the development by inductive teaching of
some rule of arithmetic, as that of "pointing off" in the
multiplication of decimals.
7. What faculties does a well devised system of Object
Lessons tend to develop and discipline?
8. Describe the features of a well-conducted recitation
in Geography, grammar grade.
9. What are the names of the usual grades in a city
school system? Indicate the work in Arithmetic to be done in each grade.
10. What elements in the character and policy of the
teacher will produce good government?
DIDACTICS-THEORY OF EDUCATION.
Time [cannot read]
1. Describe the conditions and
qualities of a person educated up to your ideal standard.
2. Enumerate the forces or agencies that mould and
educate the human being.
3. Which division of education belongs particularly to
the schools. Give your reasons.
4. Write a few lines concisely explaining and defining
5. What is knowledge? Give an extended answer.
6. In what way does memory differ from knowing? In what
divisions of knowledge does simple memory constitute complete knowing?
7. What condition in the intellect and feelings of a
pupil involving his efforts to acquire knowledge should you induce and maintain
during study and recitation?
8. What is the meaning and application of the term
"Method" as used by writers on Didactics?
9. Discuss the two distinctive methods of intellectual
movement by which the learner acquires knowledge.
10. [Cannot read this question.]
Time Forty Minutes
1. Put into proper shape as to
punctuation, capitals and versification the following:
to be or not to be that is the question whether the
nobler in the mind to suffer the slings and arrows of outrageous fortune or to
take arms against a sea of trouble and by opposing end them to die the sleep no
more and by a sleep to say we end the heart ache and the thousand natural shocks
that flesh is heir to tis a consumation devoutly to be wished to die to sleep to
sleep perchance to dream aye there's the rub for in that sleep of death what
dreams may come when we have shuffled off this mortal coil.
2. What rule in Orthography (or rules, if more than
one) will apply to each of the following words: "Conferring,"
"Chargeable," Robbed," Flies," Dying," Dyeing,"
3. What rules are violated in the following: "Truely,"
'Monkies,' "Benefitted," "Denyal."
Time Forty Minutes
1. What is the advantage of much
practice in reading?
2. Mention three rules that should be observed in
teaching reading to advanced classes.
3. What attention should be given to this subject in
other than the reading lessons?
4. What are your methods of securing natural tones, and
5. Mention any rules that apply to inflection.
6. What is the design of punctuation?
7. How do you use the dictionary in connection with
7. What constitutes a good reader?
8. What is your method of teaching beginners?
9. To what extent should supplementary or home reading
be required of the pupil?
10. Do you ever require your pupils to commit to memory
passages upon which they are to be exercised, and drilled? If so for what
Time, One Hour
1. Define Syntax, analysis,
punctuation, diagram, modifier.
2. Write the possessive plural of the following words:
"man," he", "it," "house",
3. Write a simple sentence containing not less than six
different parts of speech.
4. Show by example the difference between a complex and
a compound sentence.
5. What has dependent clauses? Give three examples of
6. Parse "this," "which," and
"to accomplish" in the sentence: this is the work which I desire to
7. Analyze or diagram the following sentence, and parse
the words quoted: Photography is the art which enables "common place"
mediocrity to look like "genius"
8. Correct in full the following expressions: "I
haint had no dinner nor drunk no water for a week and haint saw a table sot us
it had ought to be since we come here." " I was setting by the river
when they telled me." "We broke up the setting hen and eat her
eggs." "I knowed that it was so for I seen him when he done it."
These sort of expressions should be avoided." "Try and recite the
lesson perfectly" "Two men will be tried for crimes in this town which
are punishable with death if a full court should attend."
9. Analyze or diagram the following:
Of the last bitter hour came like a blight
Over thy spirit and sad images
Of the stern agony and shroud and pall,
And breathes darkness out the narrow house,
Take there to shudder, and grow sick at heart,-
Go forth under the open sky and list
To nature's teachings."
10. In the above sentence, parse the words,
"when," "list," "house."
1. Define single and double entry.
2. What are representative accounts and why are they so
2. Give rule for journaling.
3. What is a Trial Balance and for what is it intended?
4. Describe the manner of closing a ledger.
5. Make a bill for the following goods and receipt it
properly: Sold James McFarland 28 yards of prints at 16.23 cents, 85 lbs of
????? sugar at 10.32 cents, 21 lbs. "A" sugar at 12 1.2 cents; 16 lbs
butter at 28 cents; 8 gals. maple syrup at 90 cents.
6. Write a negotiable note due in nine months.
7. What are speculative accounts? What is shown by
debtor and credit sides?
8. What is the province of the journal and how may it
be dispensed with?
9..10. Commenced business with cash on hand, $6,000;
Mdsc., $4,000; bills receivable, $800
Time, Forty-Five Minutes
1. Name the different ways in which
leaves may be classified.
2. Define symmetrical flower, complete flower,
essential organs, protecting organs.
3. Describe the manner in which plants obtain
4. How are plants propagated or multiplied in numbers?
5. Describe the ovary, the ovnie, the the pistil.
6. Define classification. Tell how plants are
7. What is a simple fruit? How are simple fruits
8. Give a full description of an apple or bean, tell
the kind of fruit, and classify the plant which produces it.
Time, One Hour
1. In case of a failure in the
electoral college to choose a President and Vice-President, state fully by what
bodies and by what vote each is chosen.
2. How may a bill become a law without the signature of
3. Name five specified powers of Congress and five
specified powers prohibited to the states.
4. What is "the writ of habeas corpus" and
when may its privileges be suspended?
5. State two methods of proposing Amendments to the
Constitution of the United States.
6. State the difference between "original and
7. Name the three powers of the government, to what
offices each is vested, and by whom and for what periods such officers are
8. [cannot read question.]
9. Distinction between States and Territories.
10. Nature of the "Missouri Compromise" and
the occasion of its repeal.
CONSTITUTION AND LAWS OF IOWA
Time, Forty-Five Minutes.
1. What is the title of the presiding
officer of the Senate? How is he chosen?
2. What is the title of the presiding officer of the
House? How is he chosen?
3. What restriction does the Constitution make
4. Give the names of the State officers, and the office
5. Can private property be taken for public use without
6. [cannot read question]
7. When does a law passed by the General Assembly take
8. Does the State give pecuniary aid to county
Agricultural Societies? Explain.
9. In what respect do the functions of the District
Courts differ from those of the Circuit Courts?
10. How can the Constitution be amended? Give the
Time, Forty-Five Minutes.
1. Develop a straight line and draw
four pictures or designs upon it.
2. Develop curves, single and double, and draw four
designs containing them and straight lines.
3. Draw five designs of fruit or vegetables.
4. Draw a hat, a knife, a basket, a book.
5. Develop the ellipse and draw three designs upon it.
6. Draw a square and fix diagonals; draw the square in
perspective and show how to find the center.
7. Draw a figure and locate horizon line, vanishing
point, point of sight, [cannot read line], point of distance, and base line.
8. Draw three cubes in perspective below the horizon
line, one directly on the line of view, one to the right and one to the left of
9. Locate three windows in the perspective side of a
building-as a school house.
10. What parts of a picture are shaded?
Time, One Hour
1. What is molecular force? Give
examples of the different kinds.
2. Which travels the faster, sound at a high pitch or
sound at low pitch?
3. Show that perpetual motion is impossible.
4. The temperature of water at 60 degrees (Farh.) is
reduced to 32 degrees; did it expand or contract? Explain.
5. Explain why barometer falls when the thermometer
rises, and vice versa.
6. Will a ship carry a heavier cargo in salt water or
in fresh water? Why?
7. What is the solar spectrum? Upon what does the color
of light depend?
8. Why does a receding object appear to become smaller?
9. What is the velocity of light and how was it first
10. Show the impenetrability of air, using the diving
bell as an illustration.