Training Camps & Schools






     Under the direction of Governor William L. Harding, Commander in Chief, Iowa sent into the Federal Service during the war with the Central powers, 1917-1919, about 98,000 soldiers; 10,000 sailors and 600 Marines; all of whom accredited themselves honorably, reflecting luster upon the state.
     The 98,000 soldiers comprised 9,717 National Guardsmen; 68,512 selected service men; and the remainder enlistments in the Guard, after federal draft August 6, 1917, the Regular Army, and officers commissioned from civil life.
     When this is written May 17, 1919, it is estimated that the total losses, killed in action, died of wounds, accidentally killed and died from disease, are about 3,300 or 3 per cent, nearly the same as the per cent of losses in the Spanish American war, as against a percentage of losses in the Civil war of 17 per cent.
     The general supervision of securing these men and sending them into Federal Service devolved upon Adjutant General Guy E. Logan until July 1918, when General Logan entered the Federal Service. After this date the work was completed by Adjutant General Louis G. Lasher.
      On April 1, 1917 when it appeared certain that a state of war would be declared by the Congress against the Central Powers the military strength of Iowa consisted of 2,242 Iowa National Guardsmen, partially disorganized because of recent service on the Mexican Border. The ranks of the three regiments of Infantry, one squadron of Cavalry, three batteries of Field Artillery and auxiliary troops were thinned because of the refusal of men to take a new Federal oath.
     With the declaration of a state of war, the ranks of the Guard were quickly filled and new units organized. They were called into service by Governor Harding on July 15, 1917, mustered into service during July and drafted as organizations into Federal service August 5, 1917.

     The Iowa National Guard organizations, with their federal designations were as follows:

     Headquarters First Iowa Brigade, reorganized into the 67th. Brigade Headquarters, 34th Division, arrived at Camp Cody, New Mexico, August 25, 1917; arrived in Camp Dix, N.J. September 1, 1918; arrived at St. Medard, La Brede Area, near Bordeaux, France, October 12, 1918. Skeletonized at Le Mans, France, November 2, 1918. Headquarters returned to United States and mustered out of the service at Camp Grant, Illinois, February 12, 1918.
    First Iowa Infantry, reorganized into the 133rd Infantry arrived at Camp Cody, New Mexico, October 1st and 2nd, arrived at Camp Dix, New Jersey, September 1, 1918, arrived at St. Selve, France, October 8, 1918. Skeletonized at Le Mans and St. Aignan, France November 1st and November 12th, 1918. Headquarters returned to United States and discharged from the service at Camp Grant, Illinois, February 12, 1919.
    Second Iowa Infantry reorganized into the 125th, and 126th Machine Gun Battalion and 133rd Infantry, arrived in Camp Cody, New Mexico, August 30, 1917; arrived at Camp Dix, New Jersey, August 27th to 31st 1918; arrived in La Brede Area, France, October 10th and 12th. Machine Gun Battalions skeletonized at Le Mans, France, November 10 to November 15th, 1918. Headquarters returned to United States and discharged from the service at Camp Grant, Illinois, February 12, 1919.
    Third Iowa Infantry reorganized into the 168th United States Infantry, 42nd or Rainbow Division, arrived at Camp Mills, Long Island, September 13, 1917; arrived Liverpool, December 1, 1917. Arrived Rimauccourt, France, December 12th, 1917. Entered the line on February 23, 1918. Participated in battles at Badonviller, Lorraine, Champagne, Chateau Thierry, Sergy, St. Mihiel and Argonne. Returned to United States April 25, 1919. Mustered out at Camp Dodge, Iowa, May 16th and 17th, 1919.
     First Iowa Cavalry, reorganized into the Headquarters Troop, 34th Division, 125th Machine Gun Battallion, 133rd Infantry and 109th Ammunition Train. 34th Division arrived Camp Cody, New Mexico, September 29, 1918; arrived Camp Dix, New Jersey, August 29th to September 2, 1918; arrived in France, October 5th to October 20th. Returned to United States and mustered out January 18th and February 12th at Camps Dodge and Grant.
     First Regiment Field Artillery arrived at Camp Cody, October 2, 1917; assigned to 34th Division; arrived Camp Doniphan, Oklahoma, July 4th, 1918; arrived Camp Upton, Long Island, September 7, 1918; arrived at De Souge, France, October 25, 1918; returned to United States and mustered out at Camp Dodge, Iowa, January 15th to January 20th, 1919.
     First Separate Battalion Engineers reorganized into 109th Engineers, 34th Division; arrived at Camp Cody August 26th, September 28 and October 11, 1917; arrived at Camp Dix, New Jersey, September 1, 1918; arrived France, October 2, 1918. Still in service May 17, 1919, at Mesves, France.
      Company C Signal Corps, reorganized into the 109th, Field Signal Battalion, 34th Division; arrived Camp Cody, October 2, 1917; arrived Camp Dix, September 2, 1918; arrived Beautiran, France, October 29, 1918. Still in service May 17, 1919 at Chitenay, France.
      Ammunition Train, Horse section, reorganized into the 109th Ammunition Train, 34th Division; arrived at Camp Cody, New Mexico, September 29, 1917; arrived Camp Dix, New Jersey, August 31, 1919. Arrived at De Souge, France October 28, 1918. Returned home to United States and mustered out at Camp Dodge, Iowa, January 18, 1919. Train Headquarters and Headquarters detachment returned to Iowa May 6, 1919 for muster out.
     Field Hospitals 1 and 2 and Ambulance Companies 1 and 2 assigned to 109th Sanitary Train, 34th Division, arrived at Camp Cody, October 4, 1917; arrived Camp Dix August 29, 1918; arrived France, November 1, 1918. Skeletonized at Le Mans, France November 20, 1918.


     Work upon the Selective Service law commenced in May, 1917 and the first registration took place June 5, 1917; the second registration on June 5, 1918; the third on August 24, 1918 and the fourth on September 12, 1918. The total registrations were as follows:

June 5, 1917 217,914 registrants 68,192 Class 1 Fighting men
June-August 1918 21,571 registrants 13,151 Class 1 Fighting men
September 12, 1918 283,893 registrants 36,247 Class 1 Fighting men


523,578 registrants 117,590 Class 1 Fighting men

      Of this number of Class 1 men the 112 Local Boards in Iowa inducted and sent to Camp 68,512 men, leaving 49,696 men ready to go when the Armistice was signed.
      During the administration of the draft extending from May 18, 1917 to May 13, 1919, when the State Draft Headquarters were closed, about 11,666 Iowa men and women assisted in the administration of the work:

State Headquarters officers and clerks 23
Registrants 1st and 3rd registration 5,000
Members first registration boards 330
Members District Boards and advisors 21
Local Board members and Chief clerks 531
District and Local Board clerks 500
Government Appeal Agents 112
Medical Advisory Board Members 212
Legal Advisory Board Members 303
Associate Members Legal Advisory Boards 3,800
Additional Examining Physicians 179
Dental Surgeons for Local Boards 112
Members, Boards of Instruction 431
Soldier clerks 112

Total Number officials and employees


      The final financial report of Major Roy W. Snell, U.S.A. Disbursing Officer and Agent for Iowa added to previous expenditures shows a total expenditure of $423,045.52, an average cost per registrant in Iowa of 80 cents and an average cost per inducted man of $6.17. The Second Annual report of the Provost Marshall General shows the nation average per man inducted as $7.90.
      In addition to Individual inductions, enlistments in the Army, Navy and Marine Corps, of which no accurate record is available at this time, Iowa sent inducted men to camps as follows:

Camp Dodge, Iowa 36,577
Fort Benjamin Harrison, Indiana 152
Camp Alfred Vail, New Jersey 15
Camp Dix, New Jersey 142
Camp Meade, Maryland 20
Fort Meyer, Virginia 25
Camp Hancock, Georgia 10
Camp Lee, Virginia 37
Iowa State College, Ames 1,500
Iowa State University, Iowa City 165
Des Moines College, Des Moines, Iowa 412
Van Couver Barracks, Washington 94
Armour Institute, Chicago, Illinois 103
Mooseheart College, Illinois 103
Sweeney Auto School, Kansas City, Missouri 500
Rahe Auto School, Kansas City, Missouri 500
Sioux City High School, Sioux City, Iowa 180
Camp Gordon, Georgia 6,440
Camp Pike, Arkansas 12,537
Camp Mabray, Texas 300
Camp Forrest, Georgia 3,297
Jefferson Barracks, Missouri 2,967
Syracuse, New York 275
Kelley Field, Texas 5
Camp Funston, Kansas 500
Fort Riley, Kansas 600
Columbus Barracks, Ohio 47
New York University, New York 100
Wisconsin University, Madison, Wisconsin 400
Fort Worden, Washington 500
Camp Humphrey, Virginia 7
Washington Barracks, Washington D.C. 2



      When the Armistice was signed on November 11, 1918 the following men were entraining for the camps named:

Camp Greenleaf, Georgia 2,500
Fort McArthur, California 1,400
Camp Dodge, Iowa 4,154

Of this number about 600 actually entered the service for a day or two and were discharged from the Army before reaching camp, the day the armistice was signed, November 11.
      Camp Commanders assigned these selected men to organizations and the Adjutant Ceneral of Iowa has been unable to secure the names of the organizations in which they served, Camp Commanders uniformly asserting that they can not give the data. It is known that several thousand selected men sent to Camp Dodge served in France with the 88th Division, but thousands of Iowa men were transferred from camp to camp and from organization to organization until it is impossible for the Adjutant General of Iowa to say at this time where they served a majority of their time in the Army. This record will be secured later from the Adjutant General of the Army for compilation by the Iowa War Roster Commission, which under the provisions of H.F. 362 by Williams, is at work gathering the individual record of each soldier, sailor and marine from IOwa.
      A compilation of data secured from the 112 Local Selective Service Boards in Iowa in August 1918, while these boards were sending men to camp gives an incomplete record of the effect upon the farming industry. At that time it showed:

Farmers and farm laborers inducted 32,799
Men in other occupations inducted 30,461

This shows that of the men inducted .51 87 per cent were farmers or farm laborers, but it does not take into account the National Guardsmen, nearly 10,000, practically all of whom were from the cities and towns.
     The State census of 1915 shows the urban population to be 54.1 percent, a trifle more than half of the total population of the state. It therefore appears that the rural and urban districts of the states, each with about half the population furnished almost an equal number of men for the army.

-----the foregoing report was prepared by Frank E. Lyman, lieutenant colonel and aide on the Governor's staff.


-source:  State of Iowa 1919-20, OFFICIAL REGISTER, Twenty-eighth Number, compiled under the supervision of W.C. Ramsay Secretary of State, by Harrold E. Klise; page v-viii