LEACH, PRIVATE CO. D.
THIRD IOWA CAVALRY.
join the U.S. Army, walked with George and Billie Guthrie to Stumptown. Took
the cars for Keokuk, Iowa.
Went out to some
barracks, got there about 11 o'clock P.M. and turned in.
Lay around Camp, visiting with acquaintances in the regiment.
(Doing my first soldiering.)
Was detailed to Camp Guard. Billy
Guthrie and I had some fun with a greeney next to our beat.
We would slip around and run
across his beat to fool him, finally he got so excited that he called
the Corporal of the guard.
Relieved from duty, nothing doing.
Were examined by the Surgeon and passed, being pronounced sound.
Went into town to be mustered in, but they were not ready.
Returned to Camp.
Went down again, and formed in the street and as the names were
announced the boys would go into an office and be sworn in and sign the
pay roll. My name and a few
others were not called and the Capt. Kirkendall made out new papers.
Returned to Camp.
Went down and were sworn in and mustered for pay.
Returned to Camp and drew one months pay and $60.00 bounty -
Went to town and gave Mr. Earhart $50.00 to take home to Father and
down to the wharf and went aboard the Lucy Bertram and started about 9
A.M. for Dixie.
Arrived at St. Louis about 10 A.M. landed and marched to Benton
Barracks. Drew tents and put
them up N.E. of the barracks.
Moved camp about 300 yards, and was brigaded with the 3rd
Mich. Cav. and the 3rd reg. Cav. near Stink Pond.
From this date until the 30th of April we remained in
camp here drilling and doing camp duty.
Drew horses, saddles etc., and Co’s A and B started down the
river. Mustered for pay.
Co. “C” left for down the river.
Co’s D, E, G and K started down the river aboard the Silver Lake,
shoved out about 10 A.M.
Arrived at Cairo about 3 P.M. left about dark.
Run all day down the river.
Arrived at Memphis, Tenn., about 3 P.M. went out to the old Fair
Grounds and went into Camp.
Co’s F and H arrived.
The rest of the regiment got there.
Nothing of Importance occurring.
The same, except drilling etc.
Six Co’s of the 3rd Cav. went out on a scout to
Hernando, about noon.
Left Hernando at sun up Maj. Mudgett in command and cut across the
country towards Collierville, and camped in 3 miles of the place.
Marched on. Got to
Collierville about 8 o’clock A.M. took the Memphis road.
Got there about 4 P.M.
Went down to the wharf to load hay from a barge into wagons.
On camp guard. Not
Relieved from guard duty.
Went to surgeons call, was put on sick list.
Went to surgeons call marked off duty.
I was continued on sick list until 31st.
Moved camp over on Memphis and Charleston R.R. near Wolf River. Another scout to Hernando which I missed being still on sick
The boys left on the Sturges raid to Guntown.
Nothing doing, still tending sick call.
One of the men came in from the Sturges expedition, reporting all
Was returned to duty and sent to the house of Mr. Littlejohn as
safe guard. Remained ther the
News of the defeat of Gen. Sturges’ forces at Guntown, some of
the boys coming in. I left
the Littlejohn house and went to camp.
The boys still coming in. The
main body got in about midnight feeling very bitter against Gen. Sturges,
claiming the battle was badly mismanaged.
That instead of forming his army as he should, he run his Artillery
and train into a swamp and moved up small detachments and they were
defeated in detail. He finally ordered a general retreat and everything
abandoned. The Cav. had to
fight like tigers to cover the retreat and save the army.
Lieut. Tom Miller was wounded and captured near Ripley, Miss.
All quiet except a few stragglers coming in.
16-17-18-19-20-21 passed and nothing occurring, except preparations
for another expedition and general routine of camp life.
Received marching orders.
An expedition under Gen A.J. Smith left Memphis and marched to
Germantown, went into camp Co. D. on picket nothing happened.
Marched on to Moscow, went into camp in the other side of Wolf
river in the Brush.
Crossed back over Wolf river and camped in the bottom.
Gen Moore’s Division came out on the cars and joined us.
Drew $55.40 pay. Lay
in camp. The Infantry had dress parade.
Lay at Moscow all day. The
4th Ia. moved on east.
Moved to Saulsberry. Got there after night.
Delayed by the train.
Lay at Saulsberry, went out foraging, got outside the pickets.
Dine by first foraging, took some meat from a farm house.
Went foraging again, got some hams etc.
Went out on patrol east, nothing occurring.
Still laying at Saulsberry.
Co’s D and E sent out on pickett.
The videt was attacked about 1 P.M.
The Reserve was taken out and skirmished awhile Then the Johnnies
retired after which we were relieved.
(Dave Miliza wounded in arm.)
Capt. Kirkendall and 16 of Co. D came out and joined us.
Saddle up was blown at 5 P.M. Fell in and marched 8 or 10 miles
south and went in camp about 1 or 2 A.M.
Marched the rest of the day. The
advance saw 4 rebs running. We
found 40 and followed them aways but to no purpose, turned back and camped
on a pine ridge.
Marched on. Had a
skirmish at a creek 3 miles west of Ripley, Miss.
Trove the Rebs. before us, killing several.
Went in Camp. Co
“D” picketed out on the Ripley road. Nothing further happened.
Moved on into Ripley, expecting a fight there, but not a Reb. was
to be seen. Took the Pontotoc
road, the 1st Bat. left the colm. Got news that the enemy was in our rear,
returned to road.
Marched on to the Hatchee. Camped. Drew rations from the supply
train which camped close.
Marched on. Had a
skirmish at ____ Creek. Co. D
was put out on the left flank. D
Marched on into Pontotoc with little opposition, the infantry
coming in on another road, throwing a few shell s into town.
Camped near town.
The Cav. went out to reconnoiter, fount the enemy in position on
the Okalona road. Returned to camp. The
enemy made an advance on the infantry and was repulsed.
Marched in to Tupelo, skirmishing all the way.
The Rebs. attacked the infantry colm’ and train, but was
repulsed. The infantry took
position at Harrisburg, one mile west of Tupelo.
Some picket firing all night.
The enemy advanced on the Infantry about daylight, and about 9 A.M.
they charged the Infantry 3 times, but they found it wasn’t Sturges, but
A.J. Smith they were butting up against and they were repulsed, leaving
large numbers dead on the field. The
1st Bat. of the 3rd Ia. under Maj. Duffield went to
the front to reconnoiter, formed in line on a ridge sending out
skirmishers.. I was standing in line on a grey horse and a Rebel
sharpshooter sent a ball that struck my horse right behind the saddle
skirt. She staggered and I
got off and the Capt. rode up, asked what the matter was.
I told him my horse was shot, and he said take back to camp.
I got her back, but she died before morning.
The col. Ordered me to take my saddle to the train and put it into
the Co. wagon. I found a horse that was to lame to stay in ranks, that I
took to ride and lead along with the train.
The train began to move out at 3 P.M> north.
Marched to Old Town Creek and attacked the rear guard, but was
Marched on with the train, camped on ____Creek without further
Marched on. Camped on
a small stream, went to the Co. and staid the night.. Got rations and
Marched on. The Cav. got ahead of the Inf. and train caught up with
the Cav. and camped on Wolf River.
Marched on to Salem. Met
a supply train and got rations and lay at Salem till next morning.
Marched to La Grange. Camped.
Remained at La Grange.
Marched to Colliersville, went down to hollow N.E. of town and went
Marched out before day. Got
to Memphis about 2 P.M. Found
the Bobtails and such there from Little Rock.
Sunday, Inspection of Arms etc.
Got my money from local paymaster.
Went to town and to the theater, saw the play “Maggie
Was on Fatigue duty. Had
gone to town without a pass.
Lay around camp.. Nothing worth noting until Aug 5.
The 2nd Brigade 3rd Ia., 4th Ia.
and 10th Missouri left Memphis Tenn., and went out on the
Pigeon Roost road. Camped at
the town of _______.
Marched across to Holly Springs road. Camped inside of a lot.
Had some horses taken that night.
Marched on to Holly Springs, camped.
Got my horse shod.
Marched out before day, took the road south.
Got to Tallahatchee, had a fight.
There found James McCollum wounded, shot through the arm.
Got him in the shade, carried water and poured on his arm. Camped
in the Talahatchee bottom.
Crossed the river and drove the enemy from their breastworks on the
hill. Followed up.
They made a stand at Herrican Creek Co. D in advance found them
posted on a hill south of the Creek with an open field on each side of the
creek. We came out of the brush on the north hill.
The opened up on us with shells.
Lieut. Morgan got excited, formed us in line, then run off and left
us, going back for Orders. The
Orders he got was to dismount his men, and cross the Creek and charge the
enemy at the top of the hill. When
we started down the hill across an old field, the Rebs. began shelling us,
the shells bursting overhead,
but no one was hurt. There was a strip of brush and timber along the creek
and we halted a re-formed in there, and the threw a load of cannister in
the brush. We somehow lost Lieut. Morgan in that brush and Sargeant
Pickler took command of the Co. and led us up to the other hill, driving
the Rebs from their rail breast works.
Captured one rebel. After
they retreated, Morgan came up as brave as you please.
We followed them into Oxford and went on picket.
Marched back to Abbyville and camped.
Went out under Maj. Jones to look for a confederate train, but it
was gone. Returned to camp.
Went out foraging under Capt. J.D. Brown, went to a mill. Returned
and thought we would get a good nights rest, but to our great
disappointment “boots and saddles” blew just after dark and we were
marched to Waterford where we went into camp.
Marched to Holly Springs, bivouacked east of town.
Lay at Holly Springs all day.
Went patrolling up the Mobile and Ohio R.R. towards La Grange, got
some very fine peaches. Found
no Rebs. and returned to Holly Springs.
Went on cattle detail, drove in a few beef.
“Saddle up” blew early, but we were not ordered out.
Was ordered to unsaddle about 10 A.M., went to an orchard and made
Co. “D” went on picket. 10
of them. Was relieved at 3
P.M. and marched to within 2 miles of Talahatchee, camped in an old
orchard, it raining all night.
Marched on to Abbyville and went in camp.
Marched to Herican Creek. Camped.
Took the left flank of the Infantry and marched into Oxford from
the north, without any opposition, then returned to Herican creek, camped
and on picket.
A squad of Rebs. charged the videts who fell back on the reserve,
which fell out and formed a skirmish line and the Johnnies retreated.
The skirmish line then fell back in regular order, every other man
falling back so far, then the other men who had been left standing fell
back, passing through the line of the first ones, then halting so far back
and forming a new line, and so on until the main line moved off, thus
always being ready to meet a charge of the enemy.
Marched to the Tallahatchee and camped.
Lay in camp till afternoon, then crossed the river and camped on
Marched to Hollysprings. Camped.
Lay in camp till 5 P.M. saddled up and went out to Salem and
captured some mules etc. Marched all night.
Got in from Salem about 7 A.M.
Marched to La Grange, went to camp on south side of Wolf River.
Marched to Collersville and camped.
Marched into Memphis, finding that while we were gone Gen. N. B.
Forrest had charged into the city one night and went about where we
pleased. Went to Gen.
Washburn’s headquarters, but didn’t find the Gen. then got out without
encountering much opposition.
Inspection of horses. Mustered
Received orders at dark to get ready to march next morning at 4
Boots and Saddles blew at 4 A.M.
We marched down to the wharf, lay there till some other regiments
crossed to the Arkansas side, then about half of each Co. except G of the
3rd crossed over and marched 8 or 10 miles and camped.
Marched to the Black Fish Lake, crossed it and marched till after
Marched on to the St. Francis River, crossed and wwent into camp
back of a large plantation.
Marched all day in the rain and mud.
Corderoy road part of the way.
Got to Clarenden on White River about 11 A.M., lay in camp rest of
Went down about noon, crossed White River on a Gunboat, went in
camp and drew 4 days rations.
Marched on, got out on a very large prairie, camped off to the
right of the road.
Marched on to Brownsville Station, went in camp about 1 P.M., one
half north of Station.
Still at Brownsville.
Drew 3 days rations. News
of the capture of Atlanta by Sherman.
Moved camp about 3 miles, was on picket out at the edge of the
Remained on picket till about dark, was relieved by 10th
Laying in camp, shoeing horses, getting ready to march.
Laying in camp.. Jake Koons went foraging, got some meat, potatoes
Lay quietly in camp.
The Infantry and train left, going north.
The Cav. received orders to march.
Saddled up and marched northward, passed through Brownsville,
Searcy and Austin, and caught up with the Infantry, passed through their
Marched on, camped near Red River.
Marched on, camped at West Point.
Co. D took the advance, made a raid on a house, and looted it. Was
ordered under arrest. Camped in White River bottom.
Captured a horse.
Marched on to Black River, camped and commenced building a bridge.
Finished the bridge, crossed and marched 8 or 10 miles and camped
in a swamp. Ordered to move
out at Reveille.
Got out at Reveille, marched aways, stopped and fed and got
breakfast, went on and camped at Lamaville.
Marched on, camped 3 miles above Pocahontas.
Marched on, went through the Infantry camp.
Marched on, crossed Black River again and camped in swamp.
Marched 15 or 20 miles.
Marched through Poplar Bluff, crossed Black River and camped.
Marched on, it raining on us all day, camped on a very high hill
near a mill.
Marched to Greenville on the St. Francis, went into camp.
Was 19 years old on this day.
Marched to the forks of the Fredericktown and Jackson road above a
house and carried corn 2 miles across a field, glad to get a bite for our
Marched to Jackson, Mo., got there about sundown, went in camp 1
Marched on into Cape Girardeau, went into camp west of town.
Had our horses inspected and 10 of them condemned.
Went down to the wharf and Co’s D and C went aboard the Steamboat
Enterprise. Lay at wharf all
Some Infantry came aboard and we started up the river about 9 A.M.
Landed at St. Louis at 9 P.M. got off and marched to Benton
Barracks, went in got our horses shod.
Turned in our condemned horses and drew new ones, also some
clothing –“gray backs.” Those were the hungriest graybacks we ever had.
I think there hadn’t been any soldiers in that barracks for quite
awhile, and they proceeded immediately to business.
Saddled up in the morning and marched about 30 miles, went in camp.
Marched to within 3 miles of Washington.
Marched through Washington,
went on and camped 18 miles from there.
Lieutenant Col. George Duffield Commanding the brigade received his
discharge here and left us. Lieut.
Col. Benton of the 10th Mo., taking command of the Brig.
Marched to within 38 miles of Jefferson City. Camped on a small
Camped on the Osage River 8 miles from Jefferson City.
Marched to Russellville, camped and drew rations.
Camped at Lynn. Lay in some old straw.
Marched all day, passed through California, Mo.
Marched to Sedalia, camped N.W. of town around a fine house, tied
our horses to the yard fence.
Got some mail in the morning, marched out and road very hard until
midnight. Tied our horses to
a hedge fence.
Marched on. Left
Lexington to the right and went into camp on a small stream.
Saddled up at Midnight.
Marched on aways. The
Colm. halted until daylight, then advanced to _____ Creek.
Had some skirmishing on to Independence, charged them and took some
guns from them. Winslow’s
Brigade drove them 3 or 4 miles after dark, stopped till morning, then
advanced to the Big
Blue, found them posted on the south side of the Creek behind some
rail breastworks. A Mo. Militia Brigade was put forward but refused to attack
them. Winslow’s Brigade was
put forward and drove them back. Col.
Winslow was wounded and turned the command over to Col. Benton of the 10th
Mo. Cal., a very gallant and efficient officer.
We charged and drive them beyond a strip of brush onto the open
fields. They were in a pretty
tight place. Gen. Pleasenton
on their rear with a large Cavalry force and General’s Curtis and Blunt
coming out from Kansas City, so Old Pap found the best thing for him to do
was to break for Dixie. We
mounted and followed them 5 or 6 miles, and went into camp, our horses
almost done up.
We started out early in
pursuit of Price’s Army, rode in a trot all day and until 2 o’clock
The Mo. State Militia and some U.S. Regiments charged their camp
and drove them from their breakfast, taking 2 cannon.
We then took across the open prairie after them, and pas pressing
them so hard that they had to form a line of battle at Mine Creek, a
tributary of the Osage River to protect their train and Benton and
Phillips Brigade’s swung by Co’s into line and charged General
Marmaduke’s Division, which had formed west of the creek to try to check
our pursuit, but there was no check to us, we galloped right through their
lines, capturing a battery of seven guns.
Bob Buzzard jumping off his horse and climbed up on one of the
guns, but was shot and killed, and thus we lost a brave comrade.
In this charge James Dunlavy of Co. D had a shell burst near him which wounded him in the arm, and also wounded his horse, which became unmanageable and wheeled round and started to the rear, but he got control of it again and got it headed to the front and of course that put him behind his comrades, he saw a bunch of men he took to be Union soldiers and started to go to them. Then he saw a Rebel Officer, who came riding toward him, calling him not to shoot those men, they were his own men. Dunlavy shot at the officer as he came towards him but missed him, and the officer rode up to him and was very much surprised to find he was a Yank, saying that he thought he was one of his own men. Dunlavy ordered him to surrender and hand over his revolver, which he done. He was then marched to the rear under Dunlavy’s gun. They went back aways and met a Union officer dismounted, who told Dunlavy to dismount Marmaduke and let him have his horse, which he did then started him back on the double quick. Marmaduke remonstrated with him saying he hadn’t slept for 2 or 3 nights and asked to go a little slower, which was granted. Pretty soon along came one of Gen. Curtis’ Staff, when Marmaduke introduced himself. They then turned him over to Gen. Curtis, who put him in charge of Provost Marshall.
Just before we reached the Rebel lines when we were charging onto
them Jake Koons, my bunk mate and Colm mate on the march, was struck in
the leg by a musket ball, told me his leg was mashed and asked me to stop
and help him off his horse, which I did and staid with him till the
ambulance came round, gathering up the wounded.
Got him in the ambulance, then took charge of his horse, went up to
the battle ground where the prisoners were corralled and concluded to wait
till the train came up, but after a while Com. A. M. Harris came along
dismounted. I got him onto
Koon’s horse and we started on after the army, followed on till after
dark, then tied our horses to a fence, which were few and far between in
that country then. The result
of the battle was the capture of Marmaduke and Cabell and 7 or 8 cannon
and 600 men with 5 or 5 Col.
I wish here to call attention to the claims of James Boyle of Co.
B, 3rd Ia. that he run onto Gen. Marmaduke in the timber on the
opposite bank of Mine Creek. He
and his staff ordered him to surrender, they said for him to come over the
Creek and they would, he told them to lay down their arms and they would.
They refused to do that, then Dunlavy came down the same path he
had and he leveled his gun on them and Dunlavy went over and them and
Marmaduke gave them his spur etc.
A pure fabrication as Dunlavy captured the Gen. out on an open
prairie. He was by himself and no James Boyle near, nor was any Staff
officers with the Gen.
Harris and I got out and found our regiment, they informed us that
the evening before Gen. Price had formed a line of battle 3 miles from Ft.
Scott with his whole army to check our pursuit.
Or men were formed and were getting ready to charge them, when they
drew off, and the men and horses were so near worn out that it was thought
best to let them go.
We marched to Ft. Scott, where we drew rations and feed.
Marched to Lamar and camped. Co.
D on picket. Someone fired the prairie to thy to burn the train.
Marched to one and one half miles of Carthage, Mo., passing through
Marched on, camped neat a large orchard.
Marched on, camped by a Mill run by a Spring.
Some of the 10th Mo., run it all night grinding corn.
Marched through Cassville, took the Ft. Smith road.
Camped the other side of Keetsville, to the left.
It raining in the night. Nothing
heard of Price.
Marched on, camped in 4 or 5 miles of Pea Ridge, went in camp about
noon, went out and got a sheep.
Lay in camp until about noon, raining most of the day, went
foraging through the mud.
Marched at 8 A.M. Camped in 3 0r 4 miles of Mudtown.
Carried rails one fourth mile across a field.
Marched to Fayetteville. A salute of 20 guns was fired. Went into
Marched out at 11 A. M. Camped at Prairie Grove, where we joined
Curtis and Blunt’s commands.
Marched on through Cane Hill.
Co. D went ahead of the Colm. to hunt for corn.
Camped near an old mill.
Marched on. The 1st
Batallion rear guard of the Pack train marched till 2 o’clock A.M.
Marched to Ark. River. Threw
a few shells across the river, turned back and camped on the hill, bidding
Pap Price good bye. Co. D
gave a Maj. for McClellan.
The vote of the Iowa Soldiers was taken for President, we then
started back. Camped in a
Valley and grazed our horses on young cane.
Marched on slowly. Camped
near a very high stable lot fence, got a little corn the first in 5 days.
Went out to look for corn. Camped
on a small stream, five miles from Cane Hill, got corn to the right.
Went out foraging. Ground
some corn on a hand mill. Camped
at Prairie Grove. A wagon
train met us with bread, which was very welcome.
Marched on and camped. Was
on picket duty.
Passed through Bentonville. Camped
on Valley west of Pea Ridge.
Marched on pretty briskly. Camped in 8 mile of Cassville.
Marched to Spring Creek. Went
Marched to Little York, got there after night.
Col. Benten turned the command of the brigade over to Maj. Lusk and
Marched to Springfield. Got there about noon.
Went to town to get our horses shod.
Lay in camp at Springfield.
Sunday. Still at Springfield. Went
to church at night.
Went to town and loafed all day.
Marched six miles past Sandsprings.
Marched to within 3 miles of Lebanon, drew rations.
Marched on to Waynesville, camped, drew corn from the
Marched to Little Piney. Camped.
Marched to Raleigh. Went
into camp and turned over our condemned horses.
Pickler stole a demijohn of whiskey.
Boarded the cars in the evening, after having a row with the
provost guard. Some of the
boys took on too much drink and the guards tried to arrest them.
Started about 9 P.M.
Rode on the cars till 2 A.M. when we arrived at St. Louis.
It wasn’t Pullman sleepers but common freight cars.
We laid on the floor with our saddles for pillows.
We got off the train and saddled up and marched to Benton Barracks,
was put in #7.
Was moved from No. 7 to 29 then rested.
Taking it easy.
Took sore eyes.
Drew horses. Eyes
Eyes hurting so bad I could not bear the light.
Was sent to Benton Barracks Post Hospital.
The Regiment leaving for the boats.
Eyes some better.
The Regiment returned to camp, the river being frozen over and one
boat Headquarters and Co. H on board blowing up.
News of Sherman’s reaching Savannah.
Remained in Hospital until the 26th of Dec., when I was
appointed nurse in ward one.
My right eye getting sore again, I quit nursing and went to
doctoring again. Remained in
the Hospital until Jan 9th, when I was returned to duty, went
to Scofield Barracks to await transportation.
News of _______raid through Mississippi.
Remained at Scofield Barracks til Jan 20th, when a squad
of the 3rd Ia. received orders to go to East St. Louis to take
the cars for Louisville, Ky. Left
East St. Louis about 4 P.M. Arrived at Mitchell, Indiana at 3 P.M. the 22nd.
Lay there till 8 A.M. took cars for New Albany, Ind.
Arrived at 1:30 P.M., crossed the Ohio River at Portland, Ky., and
went to the Regiment in camp at Louisville, Ky., greatly pleased to be
with the comrades again.
Drew Spencer rifles, Sabers and belt and cartridge boxes.
Drew a revolver.
Drew $136 pay. Saddled
up an went down to Portland Wharf. The
detachment left at Memphis, Tenn. And the Missouri Price Detachment being
united at Louisville, went aboard the St. Patrick. The river being so full
of ice, boats could not run. Remained
waiting for the river to clear until Feb. 2, when we sailed down the
Landed at Evansville, Ind. Wrote
a letter home and put $100.00 in it, which arrived safely.
Moved on down the Ohio river, landed a Paduka, Ky., took on coal.
Left Paduka at daylight, going up toe Ohio river.
The H. Raymond being lashed to the side of the St. Patrick, all the
boats moving at once. A
gunboat in the lead.
Run all day up the Tennesse, landed at Savannah about dark.
Landed at Eastport about 1 o’clock on the 7th.
Lay there 2 or 3 hours, then run up the river some 10 miles, landed
and took off the forage and wagons etc.
Disembarked and marched about 15 miles and went in camp where some
other Regiment had been quartered in split log huts at Gravely Springs,
Hauled brick on an old cart and built up out chimney and with
clapboards stopped up the cracks.
On duty to carry forage one and one half miles.
Spent the day quietly.
On detail. Went to the
landing to unload a barge.
Detailed as safeguard out in the country at the house of Mr. White,
remained ther until the 27ty, when I was ordered to report to camp.
Mustered for pay.
Started on a scout. The
squad separated, marched around and went into Florence Ala., arresting
every citizen seen. Rained.
Went out to big Cypress, couldn’t cross, returned to Florence.
Still water bound at Florence.
Marched from Florence to camp.
Rained all day.
Co. went on picket out on the Florence road.
Relieved from picket.
Sunday. Inspection. Matlick
and I made a visit out to Mr. White’s.
Regimental Inspection of arms, clothing and horses, general
equipment and quarters.
On detail, went down to the river.
Getting ready to march drilled an received marching orders, was
detailed to remain with camp equipment, protested and traded places with
Z. D. Buckles. Went out in
the evening to see my friends at White’s. Came near being captured.
Was told by my friends out there, that the Rebs would try to
capture, me so going back along a bridle path I heard horsemen coming.
I slipped out in the brush and let them pass, then got into the
path and came on to camp.
Moved out, went down to the river at the Waterloo crossing, crossed
and got to camp about 10 o’clock.
On detail. Went down to bring some wagons across the river.
They wasn’t there so returned to camp.
Sunday Inspection. Received
Marching orders revoked.
Marched at 2 o’clock, went out within 3 miles of the Memphis and
Charleston, R.R. Went in camp
at 8 o’clock.
Marched all day south in to Ala.
Co. “D” advanced guard, marched to Newburg and Franklin.
Co. on picket.
Marched in rear of the train, camped by a large frame house near
the Warrior river.
Crossed Warrior river by a mill and falls.
Camped on a creek. Drew
Marched on, halted in the afternoon and fed our horses 2 hours.
Marched on to the Black Warrior.
The 2nd Brigade commenced crossing in the morning, we
crossed about 3 o’clock, it being very rocky and rough many horses got
down, went in camp on the other side, were turning in about 10 o’clock
when bugles sounded “Boots & Saddles,” so we had to roll out and
march to the crossing of the Locust Fork.
Commenced crossing about
9 or 10 A.M. and marched to within 1 mile of Elyton.
Camped on a large plantation, found some corn for horses.
Didn’t march until about 3 P.M.
Marched to the Catawbia river and camped, passing through Elyton
and Blue Mt foundry, burning it.
Moved out about noon, crossed the Catawbia river on the railroad
bridge. Crossed Buck creek at
a mill, burning a foundry. Camped
The 10th Mo. went out on patrol.
The 3rd Ia. moved out having some brisk skirmishing in
the advance. Went on to with in 3 miles of Randolph.
Moved out in rear of the 2nd Brigade, the advance of
which had some skirmishing at Randolph, and on to a creek, where the 3rd
Iowa took the advance, Co’s D. and H advance guard.
The Confederates made a stand at Plantersville.
Whe charged them and drove them before in confusion.
Was relieved and camped at Plantersville.
Broke camp about 9 o’clock.
The 2nd division taking the advance.
Got to the Rebel lines at Selma about 4 o’clock.
Soon the order came to prepare to fight on foot.
No 8 held horses and the dismounted men to the front. The 4th Division taking the center, the 2nd
the right, 1st in reserve mounted.
The 2nd Division charged and took the works on the
right. The 4th
drove them in the center, driving them out of town, taking possession.
Was put on guard at the Arsenal, drove everyone away.
Was shortly relieved. Marched
at 10 A.M. out on the Summerville road passed through Summerville. Camped.
Started back, went 2 or 3 miles.
Got orders to go and reinforce Gen. McCook, turned to the left went
through Perryville. Camped on the forks of the Randolph and Centerville
Moved out of camp about sunup, on the Randolph road, camped at
Broke camp at sunup, marching to Selma via Summersville, where we
stopped and fed then went on through Selma, turned and went out 4 miles on
the Plantersville road went on camp.
It raining on us all the way from town.
Moved camp a little ways, remained there all day.
Had Co. Inspection. Boots
and saddles blew about 9 P.M. Went
down to the river, lay there till morning, the bridge having given away.
Sunday. They got the bridge fixed about noon. The 1st Battalion crossed, one Co. of the 2nd
the bridge gave way. 1st
Bat. went out and formed in line 1-2-3 were ordered to go repair the
bridge. Went into camp and
went foraging. 1-2-3 were
relieved about dark..
Moved out about 8 A.M. on the Montgomery road, went on seven miles
past Benton, the advance having some fighting there.
Camped at the forks of the Montgomery and Haynesville road.
Moved out about 8 o’clock on the Haynesville road, was delayed
crossing the Big Swamp Creek, got across about dark.
Marched on through Thomasburg, on to a mill and camped.
Moved out about sunup, crossed Matumas Creek.
McCooks Division in advance. Marched
on into Montgomery, the Mayor surrendering the city.
The 4th Division marching through at “Carry Sabers”
went on 3 miles and went in camp.
Went out to forage meat under Capt. Brown.
Marched out about sunup, Co’s C and D in the rear of the train.
The 3rd and 4th Battalions were left under
Maj. Kirkendall at Montgomery. Passed
through Mt Meigs and crossed lime creek, got in camp at 12:30 P.M.
Moved out about daylight, passed through Tuskeegee, since noted as
the home of the Booker Washington Negro College.
Moved out on the Columbus road, going through Crawford, arrived on
the hill in sight of Columbus. About
3 o’clock there was Artillery firing.
The order came to prepare to fight on foot.
No’s 1-2-3 dismounted and fell into line.
I being No. 4 took charge of the horses, then the order was
countermanded and the men mounted again (we were then southwest of town)
and moved around to the northwest and the 1st and 2nd
Battalions of the 3rd Iowa were again ordered to prepare to
fight on foot. One of the members of my four said he was sick and asked me
if I would take his place and let him stay with the horses, “yes” I
told him I would if he was sick. So
we fell into line, by then it was dark.
We had strict orders not to fire until we got the order to do so. We were standing in line and there was a rebel battery off
and seemed to be directly to out left.
The Confederate skirmishers in out front began firing and at that a
few of our men forgetting their orders also began firing.
Capt. Miller started along the front of the Co. and gave the order
to cease firing. Just then
this battery to our left opened on us, sending a cannon ball right down
the line, passing just in front of the line striking Capt. Miller, tearing
away one side of hid body, and just then we were ordered forward, and only
a few of the Co. knew that the Capt. was hit and no under officer took
command of the Co., but we went on just the same in our place in line,
crossed over an old field. I
remember stumbling into a ditch filled with blackberry briers, going on
till we came to a lot fence, climbed over it into the lot, then we
didn’t know which way to go next, and everyone began calling for Co. D
and no one rallied us.
I and Comrade Matlick got together and hearing most of the firing
off to the left, we concluded the Co. had gone that way, so we climbed out
of the lot on that side, crossed the road and went into the brush, crossed
a slight swag in the ground and started up a gradual raise, taking our
directions by the firing and flash of guns.
I discovered that my gun was empty, coming to a large stump, I
dropped down behind it while I filled the magazine of my gun, the bullets
were striking the stump, whack, whack, and clipping the brush overhead.
I could have lain behind that stump and been safe, but that was not
what I was there for. I had
started in the fight and was going to do my part.
So when I got my gun loaded I started on.
My comrade had gone on so I thought I must catch up with the line,
supposing of course it was ahead. Presently
I came to where the brush and young trees had been cut down and lapped
across each other in a way to make it as difficult as possible for a man
to get through, but I worked my way through, and a little farther on came
to a line of sharpened stakes set in the ground, the sharp ends pointing
towards me, leaning at an angle of about 45 degrees.
I worked between two stakes then soon reached a breastworks, and
heard men talking. Then I was
sure I had caught up with the line. I
heard a man rail out “Where are you going? No you get back into that
ditch or I will box your jaws.” Well
I thought that was curious language for any of our officers to use, but
yet I didn’t suspect it not being our line, because I had reached there
without finding our line, so I climbed upon the loose dirt and then saw a
rifle pit full of men. I stooped down to slip into the ditch among them, and that
brought my eyes closet to the men and I saw that they had grey hats and
coats. I was just on the
point of saying “well you drove them out did you boys,” but when I saw
where I was I didn’t say it. They
didn’t say anything to me, they hadn’t noticed me.
In fact I saw their heads were tuned and they were all looking at
the tussle of the officer and the soldier who started to run.
After realizing what I had run into my next thought was
Andersonville. The next was
to make my getaway. I
realized that it was a desperate chance, but I determined to chance it, so
I raised up, turned around, stepped down off of the breastwork, started
slowly and cautiously back, till I thought I was out of sight, then I
started to run, run into those down brush, would fall down, get up and try
it again, and down I would go again.
I realized how soldiers feel when they stampeded, only I didn’t
throw away my gun, clothes or anything else, that I had about me, but when
I got clear of the down brush, you had better bet I tried by speed.
I don’t think there was a horse in the Regiment that could have
kept up with me, I was scared and whipped because I had discovered there
was no Union line in front of those fellows, and I wanted to inform our
commander of the fact. But
over 300 men of the 3rd IA had captured their right wing
including a small fort, was in danger of being gobbled up if those men
came out and charged us, but mounted men had charged in and captured the
bridge, which gave us free passage into the town defeated by about 3000
men behind breastworks, whom, what were not captured left precipitately.
The Confederates had stuffed every crack and crevice (it being a
covered bridge with cotton saturated with coal oil and planted a battery
at the east end of the bridge to rake it and set it afire, but our
horsemen charged across, they thinking is was some of their own men coming
over, and didn’t know any better until our men drove them from their
guns, and captured them. We
mounted and crossed over into town and were then told to scatter out and
find supper and lodging among the citizens and see that no harm came to
civilians or their property, which was done.
We remained in Columbus the 17th on Provost duty and
staid at private residences at night again and was treated nicely.
The next morning the 18th we went over to the battle
ground and took Capt. Miller’s body and took him back over to the river
to a cemetery in Columbus and buried him, then moved out on the Macon road
and camped on a creek.
Marched on passing Waverly Hall and Bellview.
Camped near Flint River.
Marched on across Potato River at Thomas’ Foundry went into camp
after dark, passing through Thomastown.
Marched out about sunup on the Macon road.
Got news of an armistice between Sherman and Johnston.
Macon surrendered with 1500 Confederates.
Marched through Macon, crossed over Okemulgee River on the R.R.
Bridge and went into camp.
Lay in camp all day. Rumors
still prevalent of Peace.
Sunday. Lay in camp.
The Regiment went in regular camp.
Nothing doing. Everybody
Official news of the assassination of Pres. Lincoln.
Particulars of Gen. R.E. Lee’s surrender.
Saddled up and went out on the Clinton road six miles, formed in an
old field and was searched for stolen or jahawked property.
None found that I heard of.
Sunday. Inspection and
mustered for pay. Received
news of Joe Johnson’s surrender.
Nothing of importance going on.
On chain guard. Got
orders to march.
Relieved about 3 AM. Marched
out about sunup, crossed the river on the pontoon bridge and took the road
for Atlanta. Camped at Forsythe.
Moved out at 4 AM. Camped
in 2 miles of Griffin.
Marched on through Jonesborough.
Camped at Morrow Station.
Lay in camp all day, the led horses going on into town.
Moved out early in the morning towards Atlanta, passed through
Rough and Ready, got to Atlanta about 1 o’clock and went in camp out in
the timber, left of Peachtree road.
10-11-12 Lay in
camp. No news.
Received news of the capture of Jeff Davis.
Went out on inspection.
Sunday inspection. On
Relieved from guard.
Routine of camp.
Sunday inspection, dress parade at 6:30 PM.
Drilled from 5-9 PM.
On water guard.
A day of humiliation and prayer.
Fell into line at 2 o’clock and marched to the city to the
Presbyterian church, where Chaplain Lathram preached a funeral sermon for
Drilled one hour in the evening.
News of Kirby Smith’s surrender.
Inspection of arms and clothing.
Received a letter from home.
All quiet. Drilled.
Sunday. Inspection. Detailed
to go out and work on the bridge over the Chatahootcha river.
Traded with Lem Baker, who had been working and returned to camp on
An invoice of Co. property was taken.
Went to graze the horses, and got a fine mess of Dewberries.
The 4th Ia. went out on inspection.
The 3rd Ia. went out on inspection, had inspection of
Nothing doing. All
anxious to go home.
Was detailed to go to town on Quartermaster guard.
On Quartermaster guard.
Relieved from guard, rested and slept.
On guard again.
Relieved from guard. The
1st Ohio left for S. Carolina.
All quiet. Went to camp in the evening.
Relieved. All quiet.
On guard every third day.
All quiet. Having a good time.
The troops had a general review.
The 4th U.S. Battery fired a salute of 36 guns.
Stayed in town at Quartermasters until July 24, when we were sent
out to a corral to guard a lot of mules.
Moved to another corral and remained there until the 6th
Was relieved and went to camp, the mules being turned over on the 5th.
Some indication of going north.
Some more indications. Secured
a carbine and saber to take home.
Mustered out of U.S. service at 10 A.M. and went down to the depot
and got on the cars, and left at 2 o’clock for Chatanooga, Tenn.
Got to Chatanooga, Tenn. about 4 A.M. the 10th, pulled
on for Nashville, got there about dark the 11th, about 4 P.M.
Remained on the cars all night.
Got off the cars and went to the Louisville depot, got aboard at 1
P.M., left at 5 P.M., got to Louisville at 11 A.M.
Crossed the Ohio, got on the cars and left about 6 P.M.
Run all day and night.
Fog to Michigan City , Ind. at 8 A.M., run on and got to Chicago
about noon, took dinner at the Soldiers Rest, started for Rock Island
about 6 P.M., run all night, arrived at Rock Island about 1 P.M. the 15th.
Crossed over to Davenport and went to Camp McClellan.
Helped to carry up the arms.
Signed the pay roll.
No pay yet.
Payed off and discharged about 4 P.M.
Went tot the Wharf and got on the Packet Savannah.
Tun past Burlington and Ft. Madison, laid over at Montrols on
account of rapids.
Arrived at Keokuk about 7 A.M.
Went up in town and bought a suit of clothes.
Boarded the cars for
home, sweet home, all danger, privations and hardships of a soldiers life
forgotten and feeling sure of a cordial welcome by my Father and Mother
and friends, and feeling proud of the fact that I had done a little
towards the preservation of the glorious Union of these States.
Our trains arrived at Stumptown, now Selma, Ia., about 8 P.M.
Some friends from Troy met us there.
Samuel Guthrie was there with his farm wagon and hauled his boys,
George and Billy and I home, arriving about 10 A.M. Aug 22, 1865, thus
ending my Military experience.
I then entered civil life and tried to be of some assistance to my
On Oct 27, 1870 I married Sarah C. Carroll and we remained on the
old farm until July 4th 1886 when she passed away.
October 16, 1892 I married Lizzie M. Darnell and remained on the
farm until 1900, when we moved to Bloomfield, Ia.
In 1900 I was elected County Clerk in which I served four years.
July 1905 I entered the Mercantile business in West Grove in which
I continued till May 1910, when I sold out to Jesse B. Day and moved to
Bloomfield, buying out Chas. Bullock’s grocery in which I continued
until Jan 1, 1912 when I sold out to J. A. Owens and retired from
Copyright Davis County IAGenWeb. All rights reserved!