Davenport Daily Gazette
September 1, 1862
A Correspondent writing from Helena, Arkansas, says:
I was greatly surprised the other day by the declaration of a person with whom I had been conversing in the post office of this place, when, in reply to a suggestion of mine about his loyalty, he answered, “Why, my dear Sir, I am a slave. I belong to Dr.____,” I looked in his face, unable to believe my own eyes. His complexion was whiter than my own; his eyes a blue gray; his hair and features Caucasian; his language free from Negro dialect. I asked him again, “Is it possible that you are a slave? Why don’t you go North and claim the privileges of a free man?” He answered, I have a wife and children, and I don’t want to go till I can take them with me. I have been allowed by my master to enjoy a measure of freedom, and to possess a little property of my own. As soon as I can realize something of this property I intend, while the opportunity exists, to secure the freedom of myself and family.”
Our conversation had commenced upon a written document which he had been showing me, and which he could read as well a myself. When he left me I wondered greatly that such a man, at least 40 years of age, evidently a gentleman and a Christian, could be held a slave, and another white man be allowed to take his wages for naught in a Christian community. And then I remembered that the modern doctrine of the South, as taught by the Richmond Enquirer and other expounders of the system, is that slavery is not based upon complexion or race, but that capital should own labor, and the best condition of society is that in which the entire laboring population are slaves. This is the doctrine on which the leaders of this rebellion are striving to establish a Southern Confederacy, and thousands of laboring men in the South are blindly led to give it their aid by fighting against the Government of their fathers from mere sectional hatred and prejudice.
When the rebellion shall be crushed and the South opened to free institutions and a higher civilization, the people who will be most benefited by the change are those who are now, by conscription and ignorance, arrayed in battle against us. May God speed the day when their eyes shall be opened, and they shall be able to discern between light and darkness!
Indian Troubles in Northern Iowa.
Des Moines, August 29.
We have nothing further from the reported Indian troubles in the northern part of the State It is believed that the first reports were greatly exaggerated. The following letter is all that can be reliably traced.
Estherville, Iowa, August 27.
C. B. Richards, Fort Dodge:
I write to inform you concerning the matters up this way. The whole settlement up at Jackson have just arrived—frightened off by the Indians. The facts are those: A Boy came in from the settlement to Jackson, wounded in the arm by a bullet, quite badly. He stated that the Indians came to his father’s house and commenced killing hogs. He was frightened, and ran pursued by an Indian, who fired upon and wounded him. He succeeded in eluding his pursuer, and is now here. He heard firing after he left and thinks that his parents are murdered, and the Jackson folks think the whole settlement above Belmont, numbering nearly fifty persons, are murdered. I hope it will not prove as bad as that. That there is bad work up there I have no doubt. Could you not raise a company and come to our aid? I have been here five years, but this is the first alarming report I have heard from the Indians. The people up this way have cried ‘wolf’ so often, that now the wolf ha come in earnest, I fear people up your way will be slow in coming to our aid.
--Jenkins, Postmaster, Estherville, Iowa.
Gen. Baker has sent arms and ammunition form Davenport to Fort Dodge, to be used for defense.
Doctors Certificates.—Divers doctors, lawyers, etc., in town got their certificates of disability yesterday, yet not one of them would refuse to be regimental Surgeon or a Colonel if they had a chance. At this rate not a thousand able bodied men will be left in Dubuque to stand the draft.—Dubuque Times.
A gentleman informs us that so far as he can ascertain not a single member of the legal profession at Dubuque has enlisted in the war. There is certainly no class of community that can better be spared.
~Transcribed by Elaine Rathmann
September 2, 1862
Female Compositors.—So many printers have volunteered in the service of their country that there is a deficiency to supply the demand. Some offices are beginning to employ females in that capacity. The Muscatine Journal has got one printer of that gender and is intending to get more. As compositors, females are quite equal to the males and we see no reason why they should not be even more skillful in the use of their fingers. The only objection we ever heard to their employment was, that they used their tongues rather freely.
County Bounty.—the first of the new soldier’s bounty warrants were printed last Saturday, and the press has been kept busy ever since working them off. A large force has been employed for the last two days filling up the blanks and getting them ready for issuing. An effort is being made to dispose of as many as possible at par, and yesterday $3,000 were realized in this way. We would like to see the whole $30,000 or thereabout taken, if possible. It is a duty we owe the soldiers, and it is the most practicable way many can aid the cause, especially those who from physical disability cannot enter the filed themselves.
Returned from Minnesota.—The families of Daniel Grace and Bennett Thompson, who left Allen’s Grove last spring for Minnesota, arrived in town yesterday on their way to their old home. They had settled in Nicollet county, about twelve miles from New Ulm and fifteen from St. Peter’s. Before they left home, they heard the Indians were only two miles off, plundering and massacring all in their families to their former home. They had a large amount of stock on their on their farm. After leaving, they met a man who had seen their place pretty well cleaned out.
Off For the camp!—Lieut. Col. Gifford left yesterday morning for our army at Corinth. He takes with him a large and choice supply of hospital stores, contributed from all parts of the country. He is accompanied by Hon. Homer S. Finley Esq., whose experience in handling fruit and vegetables will be invaluable. Mr. Theodore Holm goes along, also, on behalf of the German benevolent association. The prospect is, all of them will have enough to do. The confidence of the people in col. Gifford’s doing the matter in good style, and that the wants of our soldiers, under his management, will soon be relieved, ah caused a great abundance of material to be offered by our farmers. Persons desiring to correspond with him at this place in reference to the he business in which he is engaged, will please direct their letters to Dr. Thos. J. Saunders, who will take care that such information as is desired, shall be transmitted. All goods from Davenport will be shipped by Mr. R. M. Prettyman, care of Partridge & Co., St. Louis.
List of Names of Capt. Torrey’s Company
Dolphus Torrey, Alphonso H. Brooks, Charles E. Squiers, George W. Thompson, Rufus L. Blair, Thomas F. Allen, John L. Bell, Gabriel Shirringer, Seth Cumins, Harrison Bird, Wm. H. Cook, Thomas Brockett, Jacob S. Surbey, M. Crawford Neely, John C. Kinkead, Wm. T. McLaughlin, Isaac Patterson, William Parmelee, Stephen Lorton, Charles Asher, Benj. F. Baughman, Jas. K. P. Baker, James Bishop, Thomas J. Bradley, Sullivan Hutt, John William Howe, Samuel W. Jones, Jonathan Kirkner, John W. Kimball, David Honse, Peter Lenmer, Samuel Lorton, Moses H. Miller, John North, James H. Owens, Joseph N. Parker, Theodore Plummer, John Paul, Avery A. Perry, Nathan A. Rambo, Augustus Reading, Peter Remine, David Ross, Aaron Lambert, Andrew J. Lindsay, William A. Akely, Eraiza A. Bennett, Sylvester Barber, William A. Carter, John B. Coons, Williwam M. Coles, Wm. E. Davis, Harlan Durand, Amos Fenno, Fames Forber, LeClaire Fulton, Charles M. Golden, Thomas Grant, Eli G. Gooden, Thomas M. Granfell, Charles H. Gardner, Eli S. Green, Jos. F. Heath, Charles Hawley, Edmund Lee Hunt, Walter J. L. Hunt, Anderson S. Harding, Amos F. Hoops, Lames C. Hers, Luellen A. Hawley, Samuel D. Risley, John E. Robeson, Madison M. Stuart, Frederick Seitz, Phillip Schneider, Joseph E. Stewart, Geo. W. Slade, John R. Stratton, Isaac Stathem, John A. Tisdale, John R. Williamson, Ira S. Wisner, Maxwell K. Walker, Noice A. Wooden, William W. Warrick, William B. Williams, Alexander A. Watson, Albert C. Van Epps, Wm. H. H. Van Epps, James Parmele, John W. Remine, Leonard R. McCulloch, Gideon Nickols, George W. Alter, John W. Jennings.
~Transcribed by Elaine Rathmann
September 13, 1862
Death of a Soldier.—Dr. J. D. Hummer, of Co. C, 17th regiment, died in camp near Jacinto, on the 17th ult. He enlisted as a private in the above company and was afterwards appointed Ward Master, which position he held at the time of his death.
Iowa’s Quotas Full.—It has been ascertained that the quota of Iowa troops, under the two recent calls, is full. There is now, therefore, nothing required, but to fill the old regiments, and this should be done as speedily as possible.
Lively Appearance.—The city presented an unusually lively appearance yesterday.—People came in from all parts of the county to see their friends and acquaintances among the soldiers, and the camp was crowded with them all day. In the afternoon, music was obtained and dancing and general enjoyment ruled the hour. Since the arrival of the regiment here, matrimony has carried off three or four of the soldiers, and may do so with some more of them before the regiment gets away. They will be here at least a day or two longer.
“Exemption.”—From the crowds that gather around the office of our friend J. W. Thompson, Esq., every day, our citizens must not confined to this city; witness the following from the Burlington Hawkeye:--
“Go it ye Cripples.”—So great was the crowd of unsound men at the office of the examining surgeon, Saturday, that they came near breaking down the building. The weight was so great and the business so lively that the plastering gave way below and the floor came near to following it.
The Exempts.—Between three and four hundred persons have applied to Commissioner Thompson for exemption from military duty. The mode of operation is as follows: the application is made and signed by the applicant, and if for disability an order is given for exemption by the surgeon. If not a citizen, the following questions are asked under oath: Where were you born? When did you emigrate to the United States? Where have you resided since? Have you ever voted, or exercised the rights of citizenship? Have you ever been naturalized?
Lint Societies.—By reference to the Gazette of yesterday morning, the little girls of our city will find a direct appeal made to them from the Surgeon General of the United States, that they revive their lint societies and go to work to pick lint for the poor wounded soldiers. Just to think, hundred and thousands of soldiers, the brothers and fathers of little girls like yourselves, now suffering anguish from their bleeding wounds, when a little lint might stop the flow of blood and help to relieve their pain. Go to work little girls and pick lint—it will all be needed, more than your industrious fingers can supply.
Roster of the Twentieth Regiment.
Colonel—Wm. McE. Dye
Lieut. Col. _______
Adjutant—Constant S. Lake
Quartermaster—Jasper H. Rice.
1st Asst. Surgeon -------
2nd Asst. Surgeon -------
Serg’t. Major—Fred E. Starke.
Quartermaster Serg’t—Patrick Gaffney.
Commissary Serg’t—Joseph S. Lake
Hospital Steward—Lockwood J. Center.
Drum Major—John Delong.
Co. A—Captain Ellsworth N. Bates; 1st Lieut. Charles L. Drake, 2d Lieut. Joseph C. McClellan.
Co. B—Captain, Edward Coulter, 1st Lieut. James M. Dennison, 2d Lieut. Daniel Cavin.
Co. C—Captain, Mark L. Thompson, 1st Lieut. Harrison Oliver, 2d Lieut. Robert M. Lytle.
Co. D—Captain, Dolphus Torrey, 1st Lieut. Alphonso H. Brooks, 2d Lieut. Charles E. Squires.
Co. E.—Captain, Chester Barney, 1st Lieut. John G. G. Cavendish, 2d Lieut. Edward E. Davis.
Co. F—Captain, N. M. Hubbard, 1st Lieut. William Corbett, 2d Lieut. Monson M. Crosby.
Co. G—Captain, Joseph B. Leake, 1st Lieut. Charles Altman, 2d Lieut. John B. Parcell.
Co. H—Captain Rufus H. Lucore, 1st Lieut. Joseph J. Hollan, 2d Lieut. Wilson Wighton.
Co. I—Captain, Charles C. Cook, 1st Lieut. James W. Carver.
Co. K—Captain, Sylvanus B. Byam, 1st Lieut. Elijah Stone, 2d Lieut. Elias Taylor.
Cos. C, D, E, G,, and K are Scott county companies, and the rest are from Linn county.
~Transcribed by Elaine Rathmann
September 3, 1862
From the 2d Iowa Cavalry
Friend Sanders:--On arriving home from Corinth to-day with a train of ammunition and stores, I found the long quiet of our camp had been broken rather unceremoniously. To give your readers an idea of the “lay of the country,” I may say Rienza is on the Mobile railroad which passes on South. Our infantry forces and artillery forces are intrenched about Rienza. Outside of the infantry lines is posted the cavalry brigade. The 2d Michigan on the left, or east flank, a mile to the west of the railroad—adjoining, and to the right the Iowa 2d cavalry, and almost adjoining and to their right the 7th Kansas. The brigade occupying a front of a mile and encamped in a strip of timer half a mile deep with open fields to the rear, between it and Rienza and also for half a mile to the front. Extending to the he front southward at right angles from the 2d Michigan is the Booneville road. From the front of the Iowa is the Ripley and Blackland road and a mile to the west, and half a mile to the right and rear of the Kansas, bearing southwest is the Memphis road, and from the rear of the Kansas to the northwest extends the Kossuth road.
Within ten days our forage trains have been out to the front of our pickets on the Blackland road nine miles, on the Memphis seven, and on Sunday the 23d five miles on the Kossuth road. Our outposts are on these different roads from two to three miles from camp, and almost every day companies or battalions scour the country. For a month we have seen “nary secesh,” but to-day a regiment of rebel cavalry, who have been (in all probability) hovering about to the West of Corinth, mad a dash up the Memphis road. Co. L, were on picket, two miles out, but the rebels came in so rapidly that a portion were captured and the others pursued closely. The rebel dashed up the road to the he left and rear of the Kansas. Between them and the road are open fields, half a mile deep, with a ridge running parallel with the road, half way between it and the regiment. They swept from the road through the open field to the crest of the hill and within three hundred yards of the camps of the Kansas. The camps resting in fancied security, cognizant of no present danger, were suddenly aroused by a volley sent direct into camp. The Kansas fell into line, without horses at first, and you will not go amiss to say that a regiment never saddled up and got into line quicker than did the 2d Iowa just about that time—2 o’clock. The volley fired into camp mortally wounded two of the pickets, who were escaping to camp and so closely pursued that they could give no warning. The Iowa soon led the way, and the “reb’s” having commenced a hasty retreat, a rapid pursuit followed. The Iowa 2d, Co. E, in advance, led the column, the Michigan next, and the Kansas brought up the rear. Though they got the first alarm and were nearest, they didn’t get out first.
The roads are extremely dusty, and a dense cloud of dust marked the line. After pursuing a few miles, spurs were put to the horses, and after a “dead heat” of three miles came up with the rear of their column. Five of Co. E, with Judson Canfield, of Co. B, who had joined them, were advance guard. Amid the dense cloud of dust, they found themselves within a few rods of the rebels, who finding themselves so closely pursued, had dismounted and were in line and poured in a volley. Judson Canfield’s horse was shot out from under him, and falling with him against the fence, injured him internally, though not seriously, perhaps. Two of Co. E. also were wounded. The column halted and formed into line of battle, when the “rebs” broke and again took to their heels. Again the chase commenced, the rebels scattering in all directions; saddle-bags, clothes, shot-guns, rifles, carbines, &c., began to “lay around loose.” They took to the woods and fields. The column pursued them to and across Hatchee bottom, twelve miles, when dark overtaking, and not being able to outrun them, they returned.
The following is the list of casualties: Judson Canfield, Co. B, injured by horse falling; John Buck, Co. E, wounded in the hand by buckshot; Henry Buck, Co. E, in leg by buckshot; Jacob Buckman, Co. E, in breast, by spent ball, slight, and Wm. H. Mullet Co., L, shot through the abdomen; Corporal M. B. Viers, Co. L, shot through right lung. The last were the fleeing pickets shot as they fled into camp, and are supposed mortally wounded.
The following of Co. L, were captured: Orderly Sergeant C. R. Riggs, James Crawford, Terrell Wendell, Geo. W. Bagley, Jacob Strohm and Morgan H. Cavanaugh.
Results of the “race,” sixteen prisoners taken and a large stock of double barreled shot-guns, old rifles, carbines, sabres, knives, &c., &c. In a pocket of a pair of saddle-bags, Canfield brought in, was a very ancient pack of cards, wrapped carefully in a very dirty silk handkerchief; some biscuit, without salt or soda, or “grease,” very much on the “whetstone” order, and several cartridges for shot-guns. Each cartridge has twelve large buckshot, making a rather dangerous weapon to face.
Our battalion had gone out in the morning on the Blackland road. They visited Blackland and returned at night, seeing nobody, and only learning of the fracas after getting to our pickets. From the prisoners we learn, they had heard that the regiment was out to day; and they proposed “clearing out our camp.”
As one of our contrabands said, “Dem chaps come to take off your horses, but dey found more ob dem dan dey could take.”
Let them come again, they’ll always find us at home. They no doubt had many killed and wounded, but darkness closed operations. The regiment is out to-day after them. More anon. In haste. ~~Diff.
~Transcribed by Elaine Rathmann
September 4, 1862
From the 2d Iowa Cavalry
Camp Near Rienza, Miss
August 26, 1862
Editor Gazette:--Cannot and will not our Provost marshal pass an order against the selling of Liquors to soldiers? This evil is growing to be a serious one and is leading to constant broils in the streets. One soldier of the 20th regiment, had his head cut open at one of these dens on Front street, yesterday and turned out into the street beastly drunk.
Yours &c, Citizen.
Friend Sanders:--I wrote you hastily last night of yesterday’s proceeding, and to-night give you to-days. The regiments started out at daylight this morning, taking different roads; the Iowa 2d took the Kossuth road and penetrated some ten miles beyond Kossuth, twenty miles from camp, but found no foe.
The 7th Kansas, on a different road were fired on from an ambush and had five killed and several wounded. They sent to the 2d Iowa, some five miles distant, and they came at the top of their speed, but could find nary secesh.
Last night in a house near the guerrillas arms were found, and that house soon became an ash heap. To-day one near this bloody scene met a similar fate. Does any of your Iowa Vallandigham candidates think this too cruel, to our “Southern brethren?” What say Augustus Caesar Dodge, Jones, Thayer, &c? If you don’t like it gentlemen, please step down this way, head the column of the 2d Iowa cavalry through Mississippi jungles, and as your “southern brethren extend their greeting, advocate to them your “peace policy.” I might extend to you that invitation gentlemen, personally, but in behalf of the 2d cavalry, ask pardon, they prize their reputation too high, to be caught in such company, even in Mississippi swamps.
I think what our country needs at this time is a regiment of Butlers, make them all major Generals, and if some of them have their headquarters in cities not far from even Iowa, some might get their just deserts.
There will probably be some work done in this country this fall, probably some thrashing done on a larger scale and with larger machines than are used in Iowa, though our State has a life interest in the massive one improvised for this occasion.
I am not a “Major General,” and have not yet determined that I ever will be. But if I were, there are some thing I wouldn’t do and yet again there are some things I would do. And to keep from getting things mixed I’d do one thing first, and that would be this. As we swept onward in our march, I would say to every man between fifteen and sixty, we are Union men, we are living for the Union, we are fighting for the Union, and if necessary we will die for the Union. If you are a good Union man, here is a musket; join the hosts of freedom, fight for yourself, for your suffering family, for your country and your God. If he chose the “starry emblem” for his banner, we would greet him as a brother, and believe him a union man. Did he demur, I would say, we know no neutral ground, flee quickly to your master’s domains, and share the fate of the traitor crew. But lest I say something harsh, I’ll adjourn sine die.~~Diff.
The 16th of Iowa Regiment on Duty
The following is an extract from a private letter received from an officer in the 16th Iowa regiment, now near Bolivar, Tenn., dated August 31st.—
The 16th were ordered out Friday afternoon to get ready with three days rations and all their teams, to march to Summersville, about twenty-four miles distant. In a couple of hours they started under command of Col. Chambers, with about fifty cavalry and a howitzer. The camp guard, and fatigue and guard details out of camp were left. The regiment returned at 1 o’clock Tuesday morning. Pretty well tired out. They had marched over thirty miles on Monday, the weather hot and the roads rough and dusty. They brought with them one hundred and twenty-nine contrabands, including a few women and children. Also, some horses and mules, and twenty four bales of cotton. This was a pretty successful expedition, and the only expedition sent out from this brigade recently. They met no guerillas, but several thousand rebels were reported within a short distance of the 16th.
Of course no Negro was taken against his will, none known to belong to Union men. They would come. They came to Headquarters, and begged to be taken. On the return, they were waiting at the fence corners with their bundles. The boys halloed “come on,” and they came kicking up their heels like freed horses. The women and children piled into the wagons without asking anybody. One old fellow was asked how he could leave his wife and children. He replied that he had to leave them to go either South to be sold or North to be free, and he preferred the latter. He said he would die before he would return to slavery, and so would plenty of others. The owner of several of the women followed them to Bolivar. He was told that his slave could return with him if they wanted to, but could not be forced away. He went to them and begged and reasoned—tried everything in the way of bribes and good promises, and aid if they did not return they would be sent to jail. They refused to go most emphatically, sassed him scandalously, and declared their perfect readiness to go to jail, and there they did go temporarily.
~Transcribed by Elaine Rathmann
September 9, 1862
Not the Man.—It having been reported in Der Demokrat that a citizen who had once walked to Pike’s Peak and back had claimed and obtained exemption from military duty on account of physical inability. Mr. Henry Tilden, who did walk to Pike’s Peak and home again, was at once fixed upon by a circle of indignant acquaintances as “the man”. Mr. Tilden resides a short distance from the city, is a subscriber to the Daily Gazette, which he receives on the morning of its issue through the kindness of a friend on the M. & M. R. R. Failing for two days to receive his usual supply of news, Mr. T. came to town yesterday to inquire the cause. Imagine his surprise when he learned that he was tabooed as a “sneak,” and that his carrier friend positively refused to do aught for one who would try to dodge the draft.
The following note from commissioner Thompson’s clerk completely exonerates Mr. Tilden, and restores to him all the privileges of honest and patriotic citizenship; the perusal of the Gazette of course included:
Henry Tilden has not made application to have his name stricken from the rolls or any account whatever, nor has he been in the office to my knowledge before this time, when he asked for this statement of facts.~~
A. J. Smith, Clerk.
Davenport, Sept. 8, 1862.
Military Exemption for Friends or Quakers
It will be observed that numbers of petitions have been presented to our Legislature from members of the Society of Friends, asking exemption from military duty, on the ground that they cannot conscientiously engage in warfare.
From the beginning, this highly respectable, and in some portions of our country numerous body of Christians, has held a consistent testimony against wars and fightings. In no instance that we are aware of, has there ever been any swerving from this if a single congregation in Philadelphia is excepted. During our revolutionary contest, a small fraction of the body in that city took the ground that defensive warfare was admissible, acted accordingly, and always after were denied association by the original society. In holding to their views, the Friends have borne contumely, have often been rudely despoiled of their property, and have endured patiently the burdens imposed, never failing in any other instance to come fully up to their requirements a citizens, and always manifesting an intense love for Republican institutions, and a willingness to sacrifice almost everything except the cherished principle of non-resistance. State laws, where they exist in large numbers, have generally been so framed of latter years, as to afford them relief from military duty, and the desires of an earnest and God-fearing people have been gratified. From the general respect which they inspire in all their intercourse with the rest of the world, and from their elevated moral and religious character, the sympathy of their fellow men has been secured, and a cordial acquiescence has been awarded to the exemption of the Quaker from the absolute bearing of arms. Indeed, it is universally conceded that he of the broad brim and drab clothing, would, in a regiment, be an anomaly, not to be reconciled.
In putting down this rebellion it is a remarkable fact, that in Pennsylvania and New Jersey, where the Friends congregate in the greatest numbers, measures for the relief of the suffering soldiers appear to have an intensity of which hardly any other portion of our Union can boast. We believe there is a more unreserved yielding up of private resources for the welfare of the soldiers in Philadelphia and its vicinity than any other part of our country—a great deal of that unostentatious kind of work which is based upon the principle of not letting the left hand know what the right hand doeth—and this, we as honestly believe, comes from the Quaker leaven so freely interspersed through the community, always quick to recognize the call of the suffering, and ever ready to bind up the broken heart. Young men occasionally unfetter themselves and step into the ranks, in obedience to what they consider their country’s call. Sorrowfully their seniors look after them, their career is earnestly and prayerfully watched, but reproach (it cannot fail to have been noticed in this contest) scarcely, if ever, reaches the end of the tongue. Solemn words of advice, as to consistent moral conduct, have been uttered in our hearing, to such as have enlisted, by counselors from whom reproof would have come likewise had reproof been in the heart. The language was full to overflowing with tenderness, such only as Friends inspired by the deepest emotion can use: but, but—there is ceased. The wanderers from the fold evidently were not cast-aways; and for this state of feeling, the reader, probably can find a reason.
There are a number of Friends in Iowa. In Cedar, in Henry, in Marshall and in Muscatine counties, quite large congregations. We cannot help entertaining the hope that their petitions to the Legislature will meet with favorable consideration. As a people forced into the ranks, they cannot fight. In the army as men, voluntarily there, none would do the work better, for whatever they perform, as a general rule, is done strictly from a sense of duty. They are no eleventh-hour men in the enunciations of their views—not they. From the organization of the society down to the present moment, their utterances as to engaging in war have been the same. Let favorable and considerate legislation in their behalf obtain also in Iowa.
~Transcribed by Elaine Rathmann
September 9, 1862
The Attack on Fort Donelson
Iowa has a life interesting Fort Donelson, won by the gallant charge of the Second Regiment and the scarcely less eminent bravery of the Seventh, and Fourteenth, at the attack which subjugated that Tennessee rebel stronghold to Federal authority. Our readers will therefore be especially interested in the following extract from a letter written to the Cincinnati Commercial, by a. L. McKinney, Chaplain of the 71st Ohio, in which he recounts how the rebels sought to recapture the fort—but did’nt (sic) quite do it.
The Federal force at the fort was 155 men in all, of the 71st Ohio, and these were surprised on the 25th ult., by a summons to surrender by a force of 750 rebels under Col. Woodward, who had succeeded in getting a few of his men within the Federal lines by a skillful ruse, capturing eight of the pickets and with one field piece appeared in front of our unprepared forces. The letter says:
The first warning we had of their approach was their appearance in force not to exceed half a mile from our camp. The ‘long roll’ sounded, and the men were in line in a few moments. A flag of truce was sent in by the rebels, and a surrender demanded. Major J. H. Hart commanding our forces, said that they should have a reply in thirty minutes. The commissioned officers were then called into headquarters, and the question put: Shall we surrender? The unanimous and firm reply was, ‘No!’ ‘We fight.’ This reply was made known to Lieut. Col. Martin, the bearer of the flag of truce, who returned to the rebel lines. In less than ten minutes another flag was sent in , accompanied by Col. Woodward, who again demanded the surrender of the fort, offering the most honorable terms (?) and protesting his reluctance to hurt us. On being asked by Major Hart if we might have the privilege of verifying his statements as to the strength of his forces, he very promptly and politely answered ‘yes.’ Capt. McConnell was accordingly deputed to pass along his lines and ascertain the facts and report; twenty minutes being given to make the ‘reconnaissance.’ The Captain, after as thorough examination as time would permit, reported that the enemy, in his opinion, did not number of 400 or possibly 500, and one small cannon, (which was captured from our boys at Clarksville) and that we could whip them. Col. Woodward, however informed him that he had part of his forces posted south of our camp, but that the twenty minutes were nearly up; hence no time was left to ascertain the fact. The rebel regimental flag was partially concealed form our view, and as we supposed it would be employed as a signal by them, we sent a flag of truce demanding that their colors be placed where they could be plainly seen by us. They complied and planted them in full view. We tied our flagstaff to the forward wheels of a howitzer resolved not to strike it without a desperate struggle. At about three o’clock P. M. the rebel cavalry raised the yell and charged in fine style down the hill, lying east of our entrenchments into the ravine and up the hill, and a portion of them up Main street, north of our position, which brought them in range of our musketry, when a terrible fire was opened on them by our boys, unhorsing a number, killing and wounding a number of horses and men. It was during this heavy musketry that col. Woodward’s horse fell dead under him, struck by three bullets. The chivalrous colonel did some fine crawling for about twenty feet to escape the shot directed toward him. A bullet broke the skin slightly on the side of his head. Notwithstanding their leader was down, on dashed those of the charging column yet in their saddles till they reached Spring street when they wheeled to the left at right angles still coming at a furious speed and receiving our fire at every opening between the houses till they reached College street, down which they essayed to make a charge directly upon our earthworks, but the second platoon of company B, Capt. McConnell’s, poured into them such a galling fire, that they were again repulsed and scattered in the wildest confusion. I saw more than a score of riderless horses careering over the hills and through the ravines.”
“from the time the enemy made the attack till he was repulsed and entirely driven off, was about one hour, thought the sharp firing did not continue more than thirty minutes. The rebel loss from all that we can gather, as information is constantly coming in, will not fall short of thirty killed and wounded. We took no prisoners as it was imprudent for any of our troops to leave the earth works, as our force was too small. Not a man among us was hurt. This is accounted for in the security of our entrenchment.”
Work having been sent to Fort Henry for re-inforcements (sic), Col. Lorre, of the 5th Iowa cavalry arrived at Donelson the next morning with 130 men, started in pursuit of the enemy, overtook him at Cumberland Iron Works a distance of seven miles, attacked them in strong position, charged a battery and drove the rebels from their cannon and rendered it useless before retiring. After waiting a renewal of the fight for an hour, Col. Lorre retired, having lost fifteen or twenty men killed and wounded.
~Transcribed by Elaine Rathmann
September 12, 1862
Another Company came down on the steamer Denmark yesterday. They are from Jones county, and number 102 good looking, able-bodied men. We understand their average weight is 160 lbs. Capt. Austin is their commander. They are the sixth company for the 31st regiment, which will probably be mustered in this week.
The Change in the Gazette
The Muscatine “Courier” noticing the change in the management of the “Gazette” says: We judge from the first issue under the new arrangement, that the “Gazette” has fallen into hands able to maintain its present standing.
Davenport Gazette.—Alfred Sanders, the founder of this paper, gives notice that he has disposed of it, and takes leave of his readers, in its issue of the 8th. The “Gazette” was first published on the 26th day of August, 1841, and has been published by Mr. Sanders just twenty-one years. We judge he is the senior editor and publisher in the State. In parting with one so long connected with the press of Iowa, we must be permitted to express our earnest wishes that prosperity, to his heart’s content, may attend him in his future pursuits.—Burlington Hawkeye.
Changed Hands.—The Davenport “Gazette” has changed hands, Mr. Alfred Sanders, its founder, having retired from editorial cares. He is one of the oldest editors in the State, having started the “Gazette” twenty-one years ago, and has, as he expresses it in his valedictory, “seen it arrive to full age.” We wish him abundant success in whatever he may undertake in the future. The new firm, called the Gazette Co., is composed of James McCosh, Edward Russell, Fred Koops, and Levi Davis. They are all old, well-known citizens of Davenport, and will with Ed. Russell for Editor, fully sustain the reputation the paper has heretofore enjoyed, of being one of the best dailies in the State. May you have plenty of “fat takes,” gentlemen.—Muscatine Journal.
Found Drowned.—From a private letter, received in this city from Port Louisa, fifteen miles below Muscatine, we learn that on Sunday last some boys discovered the dead body of a soldier lying on a sand bank in the river about a mile above the Port. The boys went to town and told of it, when a number of citizens went out and brought in the body, when an inquest was held. There were on his person four likenesses, one of a girl and three of men; $5.10 in money, a note for $25, a canteen, an old comb and a tompion*. The body was decently interred. The people at Port Louisa supposed the deceased was a member of the Twentieth regiment, which passed down a day or two before. The Captain of the Metropolitan, however, denies that any one fell overboard during the trip. Some of the employees on the boat, however, say that two men fell into the river, one of whom was drowned. We will know positively in a few days.
Since the above was written, we have received the Muscatine Journal, which says the deceased was slender built, five feet three inches high, heavy sandy beard and hair. On his canteen was marked ‘J. Bonnets.’ The note of hand was signed J. W.. Duvlin, and was partly obliterated. These effects are in the possession of Justice Wm. Kennedy, at Port Louisa.
Pastors of Churches Exempt from Draft
Executive Office, Iowa, Iowa City, September 11, 1862
Editor Gazette:--The following has just been received by Gov. Kirkwood from the War Department, which will relieve the class referred to.
N. H. Brainerd, Mil. Sec’y
Every Minister who has pastoral charge of a church or congregation, shall be exempt from draft for military services.
By order of the Secretary of War
C. P. Buckingham, Brig. Gen. And A. A. G.
*(From Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary--tompion, aka tampion: obsolete old French, ca 1625--a wooden plug or a metal or canvas cover for the muzzle of a gun.)
~Transcribed by Elaine Rathmann
September 15, 1862
From the 11th and 16th Iowa
Iowa and Illinois Whip the Rebels
From the “Iowa Brigade”
Camp Near Bolivar, Tenn.,
Sept. 10, 1862
The account of the fight on the 29th ult. And the death of Lieut. Col. Hoge has already been given to our readers in the letters of Dr. Maxwell, but we republish now for the sake of the connection with the after exploits of the rebels, in which they found that Iowa and Illinois troops fight to hurt:
Ed. Gazette.—Since my last note to you, we have had some stirring news to tell from this vicinity. On Friday August 29th a large force of rebel cavalry, some seven to ten full regiments under General Armstrong ran against our pickets west of this town. One or two regiments under Col. Leggett, 68th Ohio, were sent out to meet the enemy, and afterwards a large reinforcement under Col. Chambers, of the 16th Iowa. The enemy retired, however, before the latter force came into action, 25 of our men having been killed and 200 wounded and missing.
Lieut. Col. Hoge, 2d Illinois cavalry, was killed while cutting his way back through the enemies lines to our own, having previously charged through with some 40 of his regiment.
The enemy lost in that engagement nearly as many as we did. They passed on and around Bolivar, crossing the Hatchee river where they camped Saturday night, 15 miles north of town at Clover Creek ford. Sunday morning they struck the Mississippi Central Railroad about 9 miles north-east of Towns Station, to which point the 11th Iowa are guarding the road. When they first reached the Railroad, company C, of the 45th Ill., were guarding it. After a short fight this company was captured, some 35 in number, and the rebels went on towards Jackson, burning bridges and trestle work as they went.
Four miles this side of Medon Station, and 12 miles from Bolivar, the enemy met company H, 11th Iowa, Capt. Beach, 45 men and one company of the 45th Illinois, 30 men. Captain Beach was returning from a trip to Jackson on a guard to the train, and seeing the smoke of the burning bridge, went out to assist the Illinois company to put out the fire. They came on, followed by a locomotive, and had extinguished the fire at four bridges, when on approaching the fifth they caught the rebels in the very act of firing the bridge, and attacked them. A few shots were exchanged, when Captain B. saw at the distance of nearly half a mile a large column of cavalry moving up to cut off their retreat, and he at once ordered his men to fall back to the Station. Scarcely had this movement commenced, when from every side the rebels rushed on shouting like demons and pouring in a continuous fire upon the foe, who did not seem inclined to come to close quarters. Presently the dirt road deviated by a wide circuit from the track of the railroad, and our boys keeping straight up the railroad at double quick, reached the shelter of cotton bales around the station. Here, with four companies of the Illinois 45th, our soldiers kept at bay three thousand of the enemy, giving back shot for shot and ball for ball, the contest raging for 4 hours, and until night ended the scene. We had fortunately some barrels of water in the fort, and a barrel or two of vinegar which were used to extinguish the burning cotton. One man of company H, 13th Iowa, Sergt. Budd, was killed, and 5 were wounded, all in the head, not dangerously, except one.
The next morning the secesh broke camp and fled northwardly; meeting, however, two regiments of our troops—the 30th and 20th Illinois Infantry—and another sharp fight ensued. At first we lost two cannon, which were cut off and the carriages burned; the rebels then returned and charge fiercely time and again on our troops, but were again and again repulsed until they fled in confusion, leaving as the result of both days fight at and near Medon 150 to 200 killed and 30 prisoners, Co. C, 45th Illinois, alluded to above. I think the war shows no more gallant fighting than our troops manifested through these contests.
A part of the same force of rebels went on to near Humboldt and attacked the guard of the M. & O. R. R. there, and were again repulsed, with the loss, among others, of Lieut. Col. Jackson, one of the their most noted partisan chiefs in this region. We have had plenty of hard work to do for the past three or four weeks, and plenty to eat. Sweet potatoes and peaches are abundant, and comparatively cheap. The health of the regiment is good, and we feel confident of our ability to do our task until reinforcements come in from the new recruits.
Col. Hare of the 11th has resigned and Lieut. Col. Hall will probably be his successor. He has been elected to this position by the vote of the company officers present.
Yours truly. Co. B. 11th Iowa.
History of the 20th Iowa
St. Louis, Mo., Sept. 10, 1862
Editor Gazette:--The Twentieth may now be counted among the regiments regularly in the service, and to give a complete narrative of our experiences, I briefly review our ways and doings form the first. The regiment is composed exclusively of companies organized in Scott and Linn counties, ranked as follows:
Company A—Captain Bates, Linn Co.
Company B—Captain Coulter, Linn Co.
Company C—Captain Thompson, Scott Co.
Company D—Captain Torrey, Scott Co.
Company E—Captain Barney, Scott Co.
Company F.—Captain Hubbard, Linn Co.
Company H.—Captain Altman, Scott Co.
Company I.—Captain Cook, Linn county.
Company K.—Captain Byram, Scott Co.
Companies A and B were in the rendezvous, at Clinton, at the time the 18th regiment left the State; companies C and D went to Clinton on the same boat, Aug. 13th; company E, on the 14th, and the others within two or three days following.
The Colonel and Major had been appointed previous to the above named dates. The Lieutenant colonel was appointed the 26th, and other staff officers at intermediate times. They are as follows:
Colonel—Wm. McE. Dye, formerly Captain of regulars.
Lieutenant colonel—J. B. Leake, Scott county.
Major—Wm. G. Thompson, Linn county.
Adjutant—C. S. Lake, Johnson county.
Quartermaster—J. H. Rice, Johnson co.
Surgeon—H. Ristine, Linn county.
Chaplain—Uriah Eberhart, Linn county.
The first and second assistant surgeons, positions are yet vacant.
The muster of the regiment was first made individually by captains Altman and Torrey, who held commissions as Second Lieutenant per general order No. 75. Captain Altman mustered companies B, G, and I. Captain Torrey mustered companies A, C, D, E, F, H. and K.
Jones county has 2,988 enrolled militia, including 902 volunteers, and 172 exempt on surgeons’ certificates and 239 otherwise, leaving 1,645 subject to draft.
Another Warning.—A soldier, a member of the 21st Iowa, coming in on the train from the West yesterday, fell from a car, lighting head foremost upon one of the tracks, hurting him very seriously so that doubt are entertained of his recovery. His name was not known to any on the cars. He was properly cared for. The sole cause of this accident was intoxication.—Dubuque Herald, 13th.
~Transcribed by Elaine Rathmann
September 17, 1862
The 21st on the Way.—The Henry Clay was at Dubuque yesterday morning taking on the 21st Iowa Infantry, Col. Merrill. They will be at the levee early this morning.
Personal.—Col. Wood, of the Iowa Twelfth, arrived in town yesterday morning, and put up at the LeClaire House. The Colonel has recovered form wounds received at Shiloh, where he was taken prisoner, but subsequently released by Beauregard, who had in vain endeavored to “pump” him about our army. The Colonel, we understand, is to drill one of the new regiments either here or at Muscatine.
Pastor or M. E. Church.—Rev. Mr. Trusdale, chaplain of the famous Second Iowa Cavalry, has been appointment by the Iowa Conference, now in session at McGregor, to the pastorship of the Methodist church in this city, corner of Brady and Fifth streets. Mr. Trusdale has noble performed his duty as chaplain, and his regiment will regret much to part with him.
Sixth Cavalry.—Col. Galligan has taken a store-room in Forrest’s block, and opened a recruiting office there for the newest cavalry regiment of the State—the Sixth. This regiment will very probably be called upon to do frontier service, and it ought to be filled up rapidly. Now is the time to get into a cavalry regiment, and into a battalion, to rendezvous here. Call in and see Col. Galligan and Lieut. Kilbourn at the upper store-room in Forrests’ block.
Returned.—Mr. A. F. Stonebraker, of company B, 2d infantry, arrived here yesterday morning on his way home. Mr. S. has been discharged on account of injuries received in the service. Mr. S. left Corinth last Wednesday. The Second regiment is now at Corinth, Rienzi having been evacuated. The Second cavalry is also there, and, in fact, there is a general falling back of our troops on Corinth. Price is reported advancing with 60,000 men, many of whom, however, are unarmed, but Price is furnishing the arms as fast as he can jayhawk them. Corinth itself is in danger of attack, and it is not impossible that place will be abandoned on the approach of the enemy, if reinforcements do not arrive.
Indian Troubles in Minnesota.—Our esteemed fellow-citizen G. L. Davenport, Esq., returned home from Minnesota yesterday morning, having left St. Paul last Friday evening. Our readers are aware that the object of Mr. Davenport’s visit was to examine into the nature of the Indian troubles in Minnesota, and if possible, arrange for their settlement. The long and intimate acquaintance of Mr. D. with the character and habits of the Indian would have enabled him to be of great service in effecting a reconciliation had such a result been possible. Leaving our city with the supposition that the whole difficulty had originated between some quarrelsome band of Indians and some swindling or at least incautious whites, Mr. Davenport felt quite sanguine of success. The result has blasted all his expectations. Instead of a small band being the aggressors, he found whole tribes engaged in the fearful work of destruction. The Sioux being the originators of the attack, and ostensibly the only tribe at war, there is little reason to doubt that their number has been greatly swelled by the braves of the Chippewas and Winnebagoes. At least six hundred whites have perished in the massacres at fort Ridgely, New Ulm, and neighboring settlements, while about two hundred women and children are held as prisoners by the Sioux. There can now be no doubt that the war inaugurated will, and must, be one of extermination or expatriation. The people of Minnesota are insisting with united voice that the entire State be cleared from the presence of Indians, friendly or otherwise. In the special session of the Legislature it was proposed to erect block-houses and stockades along the whole Indian frontier, at intervals of ten miles each to be occupied by fifty armed men, and keep the intervening space patrolled by cavalry. It is probable that this will be done; at any rate, the authorities are determined to secure the State from further ravages. Gov. Ramsey has about 4,000 men enrolled, and will soon have them equipped for the war. Large quantities of ammunition have arrived at St. Paul from Wisconsin, Illinois, and Ohio. The details of the sufferings of the people driven from their homes are horrifying. Mr. Davenport thinks there is even reason to fear serious difficulty next winter on our border; and certainly his opinion is entitled to attentive consideration by our State Executive. We are indebted to Mr. D. for Minnesota papers from which we will give extracts hereafter.
~Transcribed by Elaine Rathmann
September 17, 1862
The following appointments have been made and commissions issued therfor:
Capt. Alonzo B. Parkhill, of Co. E, 4th cavalry, Major from Aug. 10.
Capt. John Pattee, of Co. A, (late) 14, now Co. A, of battalion, 42st infantry, Major of said battalion from Sept. 1.
Capt s. L. Glasgow, of Co. D, 23d infantry, vice Sells declined.
Lieut. Martin Cherrie, Co. K, 3d cavalry, vice Miller, dismissed by court-martial.
Lieut. Wm. W. Woods, Co. L, 4th cavalry, vice Harris, Aug. 1.
Lieut. John W. Anderson, Co. A, 11th infantry, vice Grant cashiered. Aug. 10.
Charles R. Morse, 1st Lieutenant, 21st infantry, Aug. 16.
Sergeant Major Samuel L. Ward or 3d cavalry, Co. K, 4th cav’ry, vice Chenie, promoted.
Sergeant Wm. P. Hastings, Co I, 4th cavalry, vice Lambert, Aug. 1.
Sergeant Samuel M. Pray, Co. L, 4th cavalry, vice Woods promoted. Aug. 1
Galbraith, Bigler, Muscatine, Co. E, 18th infantry, Aug. 7.
Sergeant Nathan C. Hounold, Co. K, 3d cav. Vice Alvin H. Griswold, killed. Aug. 1.
Sergeant Wm. J. Wille, Co. A, 11th infantry vice Madden, cashiered.
Conditional Second Lieutenants.
Edward Reiniger, Charles City, 27th inft.
Thomas B. Hazen, Jackson co, 31st inft.
Kelita P. Morrison, Centerville, of Decorah.
Andrew J. Allen, of Waverly, 38th inft.
Attention to Our Soldiers.—Mr. James McEwen and family have for some time past been devoting time and effort to the care of the volunteers in Camp McClellan; nursing the sick, cheering the despondent, and performing for the well those little acts of kindness so much missed on a first absence from home. The following note makes known the fact that other patriotic hearts have been moved to aid in the good work.
Hospital, Camp McClellan
September 16, 1862
Editor Gazette:--Please allow me the privilege of acknowledging the receipt of a box of jellies and canned fruit, donated to the hospital by Mrs. Maggie Keith and her lady friends of West Liberty, Muscatine county. The heart of the sick soldier is once more cheered by the kind remembrances of their devoted friends, for which they return their sincere thanks.
Mary T. McEwen
To a Despondent Volunteer.—We have received a letter from a member of the 20th Iowa, formerly a citizen of Davenport and vicinity, in which the writer complains of the “want of purpose on the part of our rulers,” and of the folly which opposes small Federal forces to large bodies of the enemy. It urges the adoption of a vigorous policy to remedy the first evil complained of, and an immediate draft fort the second. We think that if “A. A. P.” will wait patiently a little while he will see the policy and the men he desires. The former is beginning to develop itself and the latter will be hurried forward as fast as they can be equipped. We say to our correspondent as to all others who are desponding—hope and have courage, the dawn cometh.
Pennies.—Messrs. Editors:--Why is it that during the great scarcity of change the copper cent continues to be proscribed at the West? Indeed, why is it banished at all? If I want a cent’s worth of candy, a skein of cotton thread, a darning needle, an apple, a sheet of paper, a goose-quill, a bit of yeast, and hundreds of other articles, In just the quantity of one cent value and no more, I am compelled to pay five cents and get more than I want of each article or go without. These hard times require economy, and the scarcity of sliver change suggests the necessity as well as policy of adopting the copper coin as a convenient circulation medium. Will our merchants hold a caucus and agree to take the pennies?
~Transcribed by Elaine Rathmann
September 18, 1862
Company G, 1st Iowa.—We have obtained from Mr. E. Claussen, who was Orderly Sergeant of Capt. Wentz’s company, in the First regiment, a statement of the present positions of the members of his company. We publish the list below, for the purpose of having it corrected, should there be any error; and we ask any one who perceives any omission, or anything needing correction, to inform us, so that the error may be rectified. Anything which will make the statement more complete is also desired.
It is desirable this list should be as correct as possible, as it is intended to furnish it to the Adjutant General for his forthcoming report:
Augustus Wentz, Captain—Lieut. Col. 7th Iowa, killed at Belmont, Nov. 7, 1861.
[Robert Henne was elected 1st Lieutenant on the organization of the company, but not mustered in. He was subsequently 1st Lieut. Of the 12th Mo. and was wounded at Pea Ridge, his left leg being subsequently amputated.]
Second Lieut. Johannes Ablefeldt—Capt. 12th Mo., at last accounts on Curtis’s staff. Sec. Sergt. Louis Schoen—enl. Ord. Sergt. 3d Mo; died at Paducah, Ky, in hospital, May, 1862
First Corp. Gustave A. Koch—2d Lieut. 3d Mo., resigned in the spring of 1862.
Sec. Corp. Claus Rohwer—Sergt. 12th Mo., Sept. 1861; died in consequence of wounds received at Pea Ridge.
Fourth Corp. Sugust Steffen—2d Lieut. 12th Mo.
Musician Aug. Anzorge—enlisted in Benton Hussars, Mo. cav.
Ernst. Arp, Sergt. Maj., now 2d Lieut, 12th Missouri.
Chas. Altman, 1st Lieut., and Capt. 20th Iowa.
Peter Becker, servant of Lieut. Col. Wentz, now Sergt. Co G, 16th Iowa.
Hans Bremmer, 16th Iowa.
Christian Barche, Corp. 16th Iowa.
Jas. B. Caldwell, N. J. volunteers, Aug. 1862; wounded in the recent battles in Virginia.
Fritz Dose, still under medical treatment for wounds received at Wilson’s Creek, and applied for pension.
Johannes Eggers, Q. M. Sergt. 1st Mo. flying battery; out of service now.
Anton Enderle, Benton Hussars Mo., cav. Enlisted fall of 1861.
Joseph Enderle, 16th Iowa.
Andreas Fellentreter, 26th Iowa.
Fritz Hes, 1st Mo., flying battery; out of service now.
Heinrich Hemmelberg, supposed to be in the service.
Johannes Hansen, supposed to be in the navy.
Seifert Juergensen, Corp. 16th Iowa. Co. B.
Wilhelm Kiel, 16th Iowa Co. B.
Alexander Ketlerman, servant to Col. Perczel; subsequently left him. In town now.
Fritz Krelbom, Mo. cav., 1861
Johan Luethen, 12th Mo.
Heinrich Massow, thought to be in the service
Carl Matthes, 16th Iowa.
Armilius Meisner, hospital steward, new Iowa regiment.
Johan H. Peters, Sergt. 43d Illinois.
Christian Petersen, supposed to be in service in the 1st Mo. flying battery.
Friedrick Roddewig, 20th Iowa.
Heinrich Rohder, Sergeant, 43d Illinois.
Hans Schlunz, 16th Iowa (supposed.)
Heinrich Sievers, Iowa cavalry, new recruit, regiment unknown.
Wm. H. Spohr, in service somewhere, supposed in Missouri volunteers.
Carl Siekel, 12th Missouri.
Theodore Sloanaker, enlisted in 10th Iowa, now 2d Lieutenant.
Franz Stisser, 12th Missouri/
August Timm, Ord. Serg’t Co. G, 16th Iowa.
Christian Voss, 12th Missouri.
Henry Wright, died from wounds at Wilson’s Creek.
Hans J. Nehm, killed at Wilson’s Creek.
William S. Mackenzie, 1st Lieutenant, 12th Missouri, aid-de-camp to Gen. Osterhaus.
Those members of Co. G, whose names are not on this list, as far as we know, never re-entered the service. Those who went into Missouri companies, mostly did so immediately after their own regiment was mustered out, and those in Iowa regiments entered them at the time of their formation. Where the case was otherwise, we have generally given the date of enlistment.
~Transcribed by Elaine Rathmann
September 18, 1862
The Girls at Work.—The following note explains itself, and shows how much the juveniles can do when they try:
Princeton, Scott Co., Iowa
Mr. Eldridge, P. M., Davenport: Sir: We send one small box of lint and bandages gotten up by four small girls of this town. Their names are as follows: Mary M. Crouse, Mary J. Zimmerman, Fidelia E. Blackman, Rosa Warner.
Mrs. Jane Warner, of Princeton, also sent two boxes of lint and bandages very nicely prepared for use. These were at once forwarded, with other supplies, to Mrs. Wittenmyer, at Corinth, Miss.
Organize the Militia.—The Legislature at its extra session, as is known, passed an improved militia bill, but its provisions are not generally understood. The entire militia of the State are required to organize and drill themselves immediately, and the distinction between the active and reserve militia force is abolished. The Governor is authorized to issue a proclamation requiring the militia to assemble for drill at certain times. A failure to attend at such times, will be punished by a fine of one dollar. The Governor may authorize the formation of the militia into regiments, brigades and divisions, whenever he deems it necessary. It is thought the Governor will issue a proclamation in accordance with his bill, requiring a meeting for drill once in two weeks. Hon. James T. Lanes, of this city, is the author of the bill, which the Legislature didn’t think they could improve on, and so passed it just as he introduced it, without a single alteration of any kind. Now that we have the law, let us go to work and get up our companies right off. No time ought to be lost.
Arrival of Prisoners.—The western train, last evening, brought in a number of persons arrested in the vicinity of Des Moines, on charges of disloyalty. They were in charge of Deputy U. S. Marshal Bowers. Their names are: C. C. Mann, John Galinger, James Naylor, John Beele, W. Evans, Jas. Evans, Vol. Gideon, Jack Porter, Joseph Gideon, ___ Knight, and Squire McCartey. They are said to comprise President, Vice President, Secretary and members of the K. G. C. Seven of them are from Madison county, three from Clark and one from Polk. The prisoners were escorted to Camp McClellan.
The Exempts.—Commissioner Thompson and Dr. Baker have about finished up the exemption business. Looking over the list of those who have applied for exemption, we have been very much alarmed for the health of the community at the sight of some of the names which appear on the list—names of men who have always been supposed to enjoy their brags of how much they could endure, and talked patronizingly to weaker bodies. Now, when those men are too feeble for military duty, what must be the condition of the general health of the county? No wonder the doctors are all making money. We give below a tabular statement of the number of exempts in the county.
~Transcribed by Elaine Rathmann
September 19, 1862
The following appointments have been made, and commissions issued therefore:
Colonel.--George M. O’Brien, Dubuque, 42d inf. From Sept. 16.
Lieutenant Colonels.--John O’Neil, Dubuque, 42d inf. Sept 16. Major Harvey Graham, 22d inf., vice Garrett, promoted. Sept 17.
Majors.--Capt. Jabez Banbury, 6th inf., vice Robertson, resigned. July 14. George W. Howard, Chickasaw Co., 27th inf. Aug. 10. N. B. Mathews, Dubuque, 42d inf. Sept 16.
Surgeons.—Arad Parks, Sigourney, 33d inf. S. B. Olney, Fort Dodge, 32 inf. G. L. Carhart, Mount Vernon, 31st inf. John E. Sanborn, Dubuque Co., 27th inf. W. S. Marsh, Mt. Pleasant, 25th inf.
Assistant Surgeons.—Oren Peabody, 22d inf. James D. Gray, Keokuk Co., 25th inf. Emanuel H. Reigart, Tipton, and Stephen M. Cobb, Muscatine, 35th inf. D. H. Kauffman, Indianola, and H. W. Jay, Charlton, 34th inf. John Y. Hopkins, Oskaloosa, 33d inf., Lucius French, Anamosa, and Christopher I. Dawson, Jackson county, 31st inf. W. L. Nichols, Fort Dodge, and David F. Eskin, Glenwood, 29th inf. E. J. B. Stotler, Marshalltown, and W. P. Lathrop, Vinton, 29th inf. David C. Hastings, Buchanan county, and Albert Boomer, Delhi, 27th inf. H. M. Farr, Henry county, 25th inf.
Adutuants.—H. M. Pettit, Dubuque, 1st Lieut. 38th inf., Sept. 10. John J. Lambert, Dubuque, 1st Lieut. 42d inf., Sept 16.
Quartermasters.—Albert J. Twogood, 1st Lietu. 31st inf., Sept. 10. William Ireland, Dubuque, 1st Lieut. 42d inf., Sept. 16.
Conditional Second Lieutenant.—James G. Dawson, Jones county, 31st inf. Robt. J. Shannon, 32d inf. Walter S. Johnson, Appanoose county, 36th inf. Sergt. George E. Dayton, of 1st cav., for 6th cav. Chas. E. Moss, Keokuk, 6th cav.
Death of Lieut. Thos. A. Spottswood.
A telegram having been received by the members of the Twenty-first regiment, while encamped on Rock Island, announcing the death of Lieut. T. A. Spottswood, at Dubuque, where he had been left sick with measles, a meeting of the commissioned officers was held on the steamboat. Henry Clay yesterday, Sept. 18th, at one o’clock P. M., to express their feelings regarding the solemn event. After appropriate addresses by Lieut. Col. G. W. Dunlap, Gen. N. B. Baker, Rev. Mr. Sloane, Chaplain, and others, the following persons were appointed a committee on resolutions: Fist Lieuts. W. A. Roberts, P. M. Brown, A. R. Jones, and Major Van Anda, who reported the following resolutions, which were unanimously adopted:
Whereas, We have learned with deep regret and sincere sorrow of the decease of our brother officer and soldier, Lieut. Thomas a. Spottswood, 2d Lieut. Co. F, 21st regiment Iowa volunteers, therefore
Resolved, That in his death we have lost a friend whom we loved, a citizen whom we respected, a soldier and a patriot worthy of our high esteem.
Resolved, That we deeply sympathise with the relatives and friends of the departed in this their sad bereavement, and with the officers and soldiers of Co. F, who, by his decese, have lost a faithful officer, a true and generous friend, and an efficient soldier.
Resolved, That we deeply sympathise with the relatives and friends of the departed in this their sad bereavement and with the officers and soldiers of Co. F, who, by his decease, have lost a faithful officer, a true and generous friend, and an efficient soldier.
Resolved, That these resolutions be sent to the Dubuque Times, Dubuque Herald, and the Davenport, Gazette, for publication.
G. W. Dunlap, Chairman
W. A. Robert, Secretary.
~Transcribed by Elaine Rathmann
September 19, 1862
Twenty First Iowa.—This regiment, as we have stated, encamped on Rock Island Wednesday night, and the ruins of the old military post there were again, after a quiet of more than a quarter of a century, enlivened by the tread of armed men. Three companies quartered for the night within the building of the old fort, recalling to mind the ancient time when it was garrisoned against another though hardly more savage foe than the one we have now to contend with; while suggesting the hope that the prostration of that enemy was not more complete than will be that of those now arrayed in arms against their country.
During the morning yesterday, a dispatch from Gen. Pope authorized the regiment to proceed on its way southward. They accordingly embarked again, and about 4 o’clock in the afternoon were on their way to St. Louis. Their further destination is unknown.
Postage Stamps Not Currency.—The following official communication from the Post Office Department to C. H. Eldridge, Esq., Postmaster of this city, settles a vexed question:
Post Office Department
Finance Office, Washington, Sept. 15.
Postmaster, Davenport, Iowa:
There is no legal warrant for the use, as currency, of postage stamps, sold by Postmasters, nor are the latter required to redeem them. Hence you are instructed to limit sales to such amounts as a re absolutely required for postal purposes.~~A. M. Zevely, Third Asst. P. M. General.
The Draft.—The Governor has addressed the following circular to the drafting commissioners of the several counties. It will be seen that everything is to be got ready for a draft, in case the same should be ordered, which the Governor considers imminent:
Executive Office, Iowa, Sept. 16, 1862
Sir:--I have recently been instructed by the War Department, that the excess of volunteers over the quota of this State of the first Three Hundred Thousand men will be credited to the State on her quota of the second Three Hundred Thousand; and that if the State has filled both quotas by volunteering, no draft would at present be made except to fill the old regiments.
There are now, in process of organization two independent regiments at Dubuque—one the Irish regiment, under Colonel O’Brien, and a Cavalry regiment, under Colonel Wilson; also, a regiment in the southern part of the State, under colonel Summers. I will endeavor to procure credit to the State for these regiments.
Still the danger of a draft is imminent. The order may reach me on any day to commence the draft to fill the old regiments. You will therefore perfect all your arrangements for the draft. Heave everything done that is required of you by the instructions heretofore sent you, so that you will be ready to commence the draft on one day’s notice, and await such further instructions as may be sent you. You need not attuned from day to day, as heretofore, but be ready to act when required.
You will ascertain and strike from your list of men liable to draft, all men in your county who may enlist in any of the old regiments or is either of the regiments named.
Samuel Kirkwood, Governor.
Another View.—Der Demokrat of yesterday administered a fitting rebuke to our other cotemporary for its fulsome eulogies of Gen. McClellan at the expense of other officers who have nobly distinguished themselves in the service. It closes thus: “McClellan’s register of sins is open to the world. He cannot be whitewashed, and although he may yet play a principal role in the political arena, his place in the field will appear at zero in the history of this war.”
On Thursday, Sept. 18th, Wm. Henry Davis, son of James H. and Elizabeth Davis, born Nov. 13, 1860. Disease, consumption. Funeral from the residence this afternoon at two o’clock.
In Orfordville, Wis., on Monday morning the 15th inst., Orlana W., wife of Asa M. Mamblett, aged 40 years.
~Transcribed by Elaine Rathmann
September 19, 1862
Late News by the Mails.
The Twentieth Regiment.
Rolla, Mo., Sept. 15, 1862
Editor Gazette.—The Twentieth left Benton Barracks Sunday morning, the 14th inst., and after the hours of delay that seem inseparable from military operations, took cars on the Pacific Railroad. We reached this place at 8 o’clock in the afternoon. Our baggage was behind, and so tired were we that we marched upon a bare knoll, near the depot, and lay down for the night. It had been oppressively warm through the day, and the night without being cold, was clear and pleasant.
At early dawn to-day the camp was aroused, streets laid off, tents pitched,--for the first time by us,--and real camp life begun. The phase of it offered us is far from tempting; no shade, no water convenient, with dust and dirt everywhere. We find relief in our troubles in the expectation that we do not stay long, and the arrival of the tents, drawn for our special benefit, will be the signal for our instant departure. We are to have large tents of a French pattern, imported for Government use.
Our destination may be inferred from the start we have made. As to our accompanying forces, &c, &c. I can say nothing.
Our health is good. Company D left Anderson and Harding in the hospital in St. Louis, and L. E. Hunt will be left here.~~D.
THE WAR NEWS
Another Desparate Battle
The Rebels driven North via Antietam Creek
Our Forces Capture Whole Batteries
Loss Heavy on Both Sides
Longstreet and his Division taken Prisoner
Another Terrible Battle
Washington, Sept. 17.
At three o’clock this p. m., intelligence was received that since 5:30 this morning the fiercest and most sanguinary battle of the whole war has been I progress. All the corp d’armee which McClellan had taken with him to Frederick were massed at the point indicated and the engagement is believed to have been between the whole of the two armies.
There is reason to suppose the losses on each side very great, as requisitions for medical stores and arrangements for wounded men, to be sent to Robersville immediately, are larger than have ever been made at any time.
Information has been received that McClellan destroyed the aqueduct at the mouth of Antietam Creek and the bridge across that creek upon the road leading to Sharpsburg, thus cutting off the retreat of the rebels in the direction of Shepardstown.
Later reports from Hagerstown this afternoon state that the rebels are retreating in great confusion and disaster and subsequently heavy and rapid firing was heard in the direction of Williamsport, which induces the belief that McClellan has pursued the retreating rebels to that point, and that they made a stand there to cover their passage across the Potomac.
The reconnaissance made by Col. Davies’ cavalry, who made a dashing foray towards Hanover Junction, from Fredericksburg, and now under command of Heintzelman, show that since Friday last the rebels have evacuated Leesburg, and that a force of 10,000, with 30 pieces of artillery, and a supply train two miles in length, has gone in the direction of Harper’s Ferry.
Information has been received here, which, however, is not deemed altogether reliable, that a large rebel force is marching northward upon the other side of Bull Run Mountains. Measures were promptly taken to ascertain the truth of the report.
A gentleman of this city, who is conversant with the region about Harper’s Ferry, says that the Potomac can be forded at Shepardstown, at Antietam Creek, at dam No. 4, and at Harper’s Ferry.
A letter was received to-night from Lieutenant Russell, 96th Pa., who states their loss at the battle of the pass of the Blue Ridge, to be 156. Major Martin and Lieutenant Dougherty were killed.
Very little is positively known here in regard to to-day’s fighting, except the fact that the contest is still going on. The Government has preserved silence in regard to whatever information it possesses, but we learn from some official sources that the tenor of the advices is favorable to the Union cause. Private dispatches, believed to be correct, inform us that the enemy had destroyed the turnpike bridge over Antietam Creek, and had thrown up rude earthworks to defend the fords of said stream.
Later.—We learn that the rebels have been driven steadily back towards the Potomac, and it was believed the fighting was done mainly by the rebels’ rear guard, which was contesting the advance of our troops and covering the retreat of the man body.
A special train with medical stores and surgeons leaves here to-night for Frederick. Heavy firing was heard to-day in the direction of Drainesville, which tends to the belief that one of our columns may have encountered a force in that neighborhood. If so, our knowledge of the force and its leaders leaves us in no fear of the results.
~Transcribed by Elaine Rathmann
September 21, 1862
The Indian Troubles.—Mr. E. M. Knight, writing to the Des Moines Register from Esterville, Emmett county, Sept. 6th tells of a visit he had made to the scene of the late Indian outbreak. He found the new made graves of the murdered, and in the houses were trunks and boxes broken open, and also their contents. I appears, form good authority, that the outrages were perpetrated by a portion of Ink-pa-du-cha’s band, who have been stealing horses for the last eight years through the border counties. The citizens up there think they can protect themselves if properly armed. The letter concludes as follows:
“I am afraid that too many designing persons on our border wish a large body of State troops quartered among them for speculative purposes. I have it from good authority that some of our border men affirm that in case a large body of troops are not quartered among them, that they would be justified in inciting the Indians to continue their depredations. Such men should be attended to at the earliest moment, and placed in “durance vile” during the remainder of their lives.”
This is not at all improbable; it has been the case too frequently on the frontiers to doubt that it may be done again.
Takes the Prize.—A correspondent from Warren county in this State, informs us that Whitebreast Township, in that county, has furnished one hundred and twenty volunteers for the war. We are of the opinion that Whitebreast is the banner township of the Union.
From the 2d Cavalry.
Camp at Rienzi Miss.,
Sept 13, 1862
Editor of Gazette:--We are now encamped in the woods at New Rienzi without company tents, and precious little to eat except what we can arrest, found running loose within our lines, such as pigs, goats, sheep &c., more commonly known in the army as slow deer; a very fair substitute in place of any thing better. The reason of our being short of provisions is, that it is deemed unsafe to bring or keep on hand any quantity of commissary stores at this place, for Price is reported to have sent word several times that the intended to dine at Rienzi on certain occasions, and we being well aware he has not much to eat at home, fear our share would come up minus after his lean host has once satisfied their rapacious appetites. We keep on hand, however, a more substantial food for him, which we will issue in double ration if he shows his head. There are now at Rienzi five regiments, 3 of infantry and 2 cavalry (2d Iowa and 7th Kansas) all of which are under command of Col. Duboise. The health of our regiment is excellent, there being only a few in the hospital. Our hospital I now at Corinth, and the sick have recently been sent there; they are doing well, being well cared for. The weather is still quite hot, but a change is evidently approaching; the nights are becoming quite cool. We feel as if we “have seen the elephant,” and have out-generaled the climate, if we haven’t the rebels, and as fall weather is approaching we feel no more fear of malignant diseases than we should at home. Our fruit season is now nearly passed, and we shall all have to bid farewell to luxuries, such as pies and dumplings, which for some time have graced our rustic tables; but “Uncle Sam” must send us some of his new onions and potatoes, and we will try and be content therewith until fruit season comes again. Last night a beautiful shower of rain fell, which was welcomed by all, notwithstanding many of the boys felt the efficiency of it by way of a sound “ducking;” they being without tents and having little protections from the showers, except what they derived from the trees and their talmas.* Twenty-four of our wagons loaded with tents, officers baggage &c, were sent to or near Corinth yesterday; it being supposable they would be safer there than at this place, also rendering a hasty retreat less troublesome, provided we be forced to make one. Our pickets now extend in every direction from this place, and are very carefully and strongly posted. Reconnoitering parties are continually out and find a few rebels, but no great force has yet been seen near this, and we have but little idea of the force advancing. Two companies were out to-day and reported seeing quite a number a short distance this side of Boonville, 6 or 8 miles from this place. We are waiting anxiously for them, being assured they can’t easily surprise us, for our regiment is in the saddle half expecting to climb into it.
I was told of quite a little joke to-day, at the expense of the 2d Iowa. It has been very apparent during the fruit season, that we have had rather the best of the infantry. As they were in the back ground, we in front got all the good fruit—they what they could catch, it being at our option whether we let them outside our lines or not. They were yesterday indulging in the “ardent,” and one of them drank the following toast: “Success and long life to our western army, except that d—d 2d Iowa Cavalry, for they are always ahead of us, and leave nothing behind.” I’ll wager a shilling though that they will always be glad to have us in front when “rebs” are about, for if we don’t leave much to eat behind, we usually keep the rebels back, while the infantry are lounging in camp.
With our best wishes for the good people of Iowa. I am yours, &c., Union.
*Talma—a large hooded cape or cloak.
Acts of the Special Session.
The following is a synopsis of the most important enactments of the late Special Session of the State Legislature:
The law published in the Gazette of last Saturday authorizing the electors of this State now in the military service of the United States to vote at the next general election.
A law legalizing the county bounties voted by County Supervisors to men enlisting in their respective counties, and authorizing the levy of a special tax to meet the same.
An amendment of the law enacted at the last regular session, which provided that the property of all Iowa volunteers not above the rank of Captain, should be exempt from levy and sale during the time they remain in the service. The law now applies to all our soldiers, of whatever rank.
A law placing ten thousand dollars at the disposal of the Governor, to be used for the benefit of our sick and wounded soldiers, and placing twenty thousand dollars more in the hands of the Census Board to be drawn upon by our Governor when ever they shall deem it necessary for the public good.
A law authorizing the Governor to equip a force of not less than five hundred mounted men to operate on the northern frontier against the Indians, be paid as regular soldiers, and be kept in the service as long as the public exigencies may require.
Also, the passage of a law organizing one company of mounted men in each county on the southern border, part of which shall keep a continual scout along the line, and prevent any guerrilla incursions—those only being paid who do service.
The Assembly indefinitely postponed a proposition to exempt from military duty, Quakers, and others conscientiously opposed to bearing arms.
~Transcribed by Elaine Rathmann
September 24, 1862
THE WAR NEWS
Rebel Loss at Iuka 261 Killed—
Ours less than 100.
Bragg Demands Surrender
He Doesn’t Get It!
Special to the N.Y. Tribune
Washington, Sept. 22.
A reconnoitering party, under command of Maj. Deems, of Sibley’s staff was pushed beyond Chantildi yesterday. Thirty-nine stragglers were taken prisoners and paroled. No pickets of the enemy were to be seen. A quantity of rebel knapsacks, camp equipage, and a large silk rebel flag, which bore evidence of service, belonging to the Beauregard Rifles, were also captured.
Twelve hundred of our wounded arrived here by railroad, form Frederick, to-day. There are now fully, 2,000 in the city, the capitol and new hospitals being crowded. Room will be made for at least 2,000 more.
Yesterday 100 wagon loads of sanitary stores and provisions were sent to Frederick for the relief of the wounded.
Special Dispatch to the Herald.
Washington, Sept. 22.
It is stated on good authority that Burnside was offered the command of the army of the Potomac, but in declining the honor, he asserted the pre-eminent fitness of McClellan for the position.
It is supposed that the wound received by Richardson through the shoulder and breast will prove fatal. The wound of Dana is below the knee, and from a musket ball.
Gen. W. H. French, and his son William, reported wounded, are well, uninjured and on duty.
The Battle at Iuka
Seven Iowa Regiments Engaged.
Adjt. Laurence Killed
The Fifth, Tenth, Sixteenth, and Seventeenth Iowa regiments were attached to Rosencrans’ army at the fight at Iuka. Loss of the four regiments, one hundred and fifty killed and wounded. Col. Chamber, of the Sixteenth Iowa, wounded in right shoulder. His Adjutant, Laurence, was killed. The Eleventh, Thirteenth, and Fifteenth Iowa regiments, were also engaged. Loss is very slight. The Iowa regiments did most of the fighting.~~C. C. Cadble
It will soon be seen from the above that while seven Iowa regiments participated in the fight, but four of them bore the brunt of the battle; the 11th, 13th and 15th being only slightly engaged. Lieutenant George Laurence, Adjutant of the 16th, killed in this fight, was formerly a member of company E, First Iowa; at the time of his enlistment in that regiment at Burlington, he was 24 years of age; he was a native of Canada. Previous to his promotion to the adjutancy; he was First Lieut. of company E, 16th regiment. He was highly esteemed among his comrades as a true man and a brave soldier.
We are still in doubt as to whether Col. Chambers is a prisoner or not. We had hoped to have received a dispatch giving full lists of the wounded and killed, but go to press without.
~Transcribed by Elaine Rathmann
September 24, 1862
From the 2d Cavalry
On the 3d of September, the regiment was ordered to march on the 4th to Boonville, with 4 days rations. The regiment had a few days previously moved from their camp outside the entrenchments into the town, as also the 2d Michigan and 7th Kansas, forming the brigade.
On the night of the 4th, three regiments of infantry, including the 2d Iowa Infantry, left for Kentucky, and on the 5th, the 2d Michigan left the brigade and started for Louisville, Ky.; thus taking away the most efficient regiments in this army, (except the 2d Iowa); and also Col. Sheridan, acting Brigadier.
While the regiment lay in the woods at Booneville, watching for an advancing foe, on Sunday the 7th, Gen Granger left, and during the day, a new Colonel somebody, took command. I went to the regiment that afternoon with
Tuesday, Sept. 9th.—Col. Hatch returned with the regiment safe and sound to camp, and then up again went the tents of the 2d cavalry; and perhaps somebody found somebody had been scared, and nobody hurt. All the rations had been sent to Corinth and our regiment not being able to transport ten days rations, “on a run,” had returned them there; ad a return train having delayed its coming, rations were short, and would have been shorter had it not been for several herds of goats which had been picking about in perfect security, until this particular season of the year caused great mortality among them!
In the great “hurly burly,” the rail road from this place to Booneville was destroyed to prevent Price running his army in some night on a hand car.
The men and horses of our regiment are very much exhausted from constant fatigue. We have had no forage for ten days, except as we foraged upon the country.—Some squadrons have been on picket six nights in succession, and some officers on duty eight nights out of nine in succession.
Yesterday morning, at one o’clock, the regiment left camp with supporting infantry and artillery, to capture a body of rebel cavalry near Booneville. Arriving at Boonville at day-break, they found that the enemy had “left the day before,” &c.
To-day col. Hatch had brought into camp the rebel Lieuts. Wilson and Deboit, who were wounded in the fight of July 1st, near Booneville. To-morrow Colonel Hatch returns with them under a flag of truce, perhaps to visit Gen. Price, &c They are as full of secesh as the Devil is of lies, though respectable looking. Their intelligence may be inferred from a remark of one of them to me, “That the Southern Confederacy were fighting for Freedom,” &c. I reckoned, then, I had better quit.
The 1st of September Sergeant Meade and private J. C. Scripture, of company I, returned a Lieutenant to Col. Faulkner at Ripley, under a flag of truce. As they were to start to return again the next morning, they told Sergeant Meade that he could return, but they would have to keep his man a few days, but not to be alarmed about him. He has not yet returned.
As to our regiment, except that commission, we are all right, and ready to stay here, go to the Gulf, to Virginia, or if ordered, even to “fall back to a new base of operations.”
Well, we have heard from the army of Virginia, and what do we think? It is not military to “tell anything,” but I have heard some so presumptuous as to ask, “Have we no Generals?”
I remain peacefully Yours, ~~Diff
From Camp Kirkwood.
Camp Kirkwood, Sept. 20th, ‘62
Editor of Gazette: Agreeable to request, I embrace the present opportunity to contribute my mite for the benefit of the patrons of your paper. We are now being initiated into the mysteries of camp life, and while some are complaining of the strictness of orders and discipline of the camp, others are well pleased. And while there are some that can not stand the fatigue of a soldier, there are some with whom it well agrees. At present there is considerable sickness in camp, owing to change of life and habits, and partially to the low damp ground upon which our camp is situated. The frequent showers and sudden changes of weather have been hard on those who are nor have been unused to exposure; but most of the men think that as soon as we get a little seasoned, we shall stand it first rate. There has been but one death since we came into camp. The men are getting along finely on drill, and since our uniforms were furnished they present a fine appearance, and look almost like veterans.
The officers are all well liked, especially our Colonel, Milo Smith, who goes around among the men like a father, and is looked upon as nearly akin to us all.
We had a very pleasant time at Camanche, at the county fair, on Thursday the 18th inst. , and while there were presented with a splendid banner from the society. There were also two sword presented at that time, one to Capt. Johnson, and the other to Lieut. McDill. The presentations were accompanied with appropriate speeches and responses. The regiment met with great applause from the spectators, as did also the band, which under the instruction of Albert Linton, drum major, is progressing finely.
We have been looking daily and hourly for the pay-master, Capt. Hendershott, and report says he is to be here next week; we hope it is so, for the boys are getting somewhat impatient, as the Colonel has promised that when we are mustered into service and paid off he will give us furloughs, so that we can go home and settle up our affairs. There are a few in the regiment who refuse to be mustered into service and are now in the guard house, but I think a few days will bring them to terms.
~Transcribed by Elaine Rathmann
September 25, 1862
Important Orders from Gen. Pope
The Frontier to be Protected
Adjutant General Baker has received orders from Gen. Pope, through Gen. Elliott, chief of staff, to dispatch six companies of infantry to Jackson county, Minnesota, without delay. The officer placed in command of these troops is to select such points as will best afford protection to the people, and at the same time allow concentration fro defense in case of attack; and he is there to prepare quarters for the shelter and protection of the force at his disposal. These troops are to be provide with provisions and ammunition sufficient to last one month after their arrival. The officer in command is to report to the headquarters of the Department, at St. Paul, immediately after selecting his positions, the most practicable mail and wagon road by which supplies and communications can reach him. Stores, forage, fuel, &c are to be procured as near to the locality s possible, and is to be provided by the Adjutant General, together with transportation, arms, &c.
It will be seen that the execution of this order will provide the very best possible means of security to the Iowa frontier. The troops will be in the service of the United States and though placed in Minnesota, where State troops could not be taken, they will be as a wall of steel to Emmett, Dickinson, and adjoining counties. With the company of cavalry already mustered into the United States service at Sioux City and now fully equipped, and the arms provided for the home guards, our frontier will be well secured.
Gen. Baker has not yet decided whether to take the six companies from the 26th or 27th regiments, probably the former. Not having any fixed ammunition at command, Gen. B. will be compelled to furnish such as can be had—powder, lead and caps. No time will be lost in getting these troops to the field of operations, and the settlers who have abandoned their homes in terror may be assured of security. Gen. Pope has also issued instructions to Capt. Hendershott to do all in his power to facilitate the mustering and equipping these troops.
Twenty-Second Iowa Regiment.
From our Regular Correspondent
St. Louis, Sept. 20, 1862
The 22d Iowa was mustered into the United States service on the 9th inst. At Iowa city, and on the 15th inst. It left by rail for Benton Barracks. We left Camp Pope at one o’clock a. M., on the 15th inst., and by one o’clock P.M. of the same day we were on board the steamer Metropolitan, for Montrose, where we took the cars around the rapids for Keokuk, which place we reached in the forenoon of the 16th inst. We remained at Keokuk until Wednesday morning, the 17th, in consequence of the non-arrival of the steamer Sucker State. And oh! What a drenching rain we had that night. About 10 o’clock A.M. Wednesday morning the Sucker State sounded her whistle and swung off into the river, bearing upon her decks a thousand of Iowa’s noble sons, to the scenes of conflict between rebellion and loyalty. We bade adieu to Iowa—many of us doubtless, for the last time. We had a pleasant trip to St. Louis, and it was with much interest the boys made close observation of the towns and people along the borders of Missouri.
We reached St. Louis on Thursday morning, the 18th inst., and at once marched through the city to Benton Barracks, some four miles north of the landing.
Soon after the boat reached the St. Louis levee, a soldier by the name of Rogers, of Co. D, from Albia, Monroe county, dove into the river after his bayonet, which he had dropped. The second attempt was his last—he never arose again.
There are some seven thousand soldiers in Benton Barracks at present, including the 21st and 22d Iowa reached here yesterday, and left this evening for Rolla.
I am informed that there are some eight hundred rebel prisoners in the McDowell College, St. Louis, including a large number of rebel sympathizers who refuse to be enrolled for service and take the oath of allegiance. When our regiment passed through the streets of St. Louis it was the subject of favorable remark by the people generally as well as the recipient of many demonstrations of “God speed and protect you.”
Gen. Schofield left here yesterday to take command of the Missouri forces now concentrating in the southwest of this State. He is highly spoken of in military circles.
I learn that the 21st and 22d regiments are to go into Gen. Herron’s brigade at Springfield. A fight is expected thereabouts.
We have just received marching orders for Rolla to-morrow morning. The boys in high spirits, anxious for a brush.
Major Graham has just received his commission as Lt. Col. Of the 22d, vice Garrett, promoted. Nine-tenths of the commissioned officers of our regiment recommended, in writing, Lt. J. B. Atherton, our present Adjutant, for the majorship; but Gov. Kirkwood refuses to commission him, because he is not a Captain.
The health of our boys is good—only eleven in the hospital.
Again, from Rolla,
~Transcribed by Elaine Rathmann
September 29, 1862
From the 2d Cavalry
Camp at Corinth, Miss.
September 23, 1862
Editors Gazette:--I give you hastily a few items of news from this vicinity. The trains with all stores, equipage, &c, of some forty regiments are in ‘Corrall’ at his place and are intended to be used in barricading the town should an attack be made on this point. For a week past there has been a general movement of troops; Gen. Rosencrans’ division is moving to the northeast from Rienzi to attack Price’s army at Iuka, on flank and rear, while Grant’s went from Corinth directly eastward to meet him in front.
On Saturday, the 20th Price being at Iuka, Gen. Rosencrans had come up, and expected Grant’s division to make an attack in front at 2 p.m. About 10 a.m. the 5th Iowa, Rosencrans’ division, commenced driving in the rebel pickets, and at 4 p.m. an attack was made on Price’s army. The troops behaved splendidly. The 5th Iowa was in the thickest of the fight. The rebels fought with bravery and determination, but could not avail against the gallant ‘Yankee boys.’ The rebels charged on an Ohio battery, killing all the horses but 5, and succeeded in capturing the guns, only 20 of the men remaining unhurt. The 5th Iowa in turn, charged the rebels and retook the battery. The 5th were in the centre and were very much cut up; one company going in with forty-five men and coming out with only ten; I could not get the letter of the company. The 17th, 10th, and 16th were also in the fight; Col. Chambers is reported missing.
On Saturday the 2d Iowa cavalry came across Falkner’s cavalry in the rear of Price’s army drawn up in line of battle. The 2d dismounted, and the rebels poured in a volley, when the 2d opened and they took to their heels leaving five killed and four mortally wounded. The 2d pursued capturing ten prisoners. Price finding he could not withstand the assaults of the ‘mud sills’ gave way, leaving the field in our possession. Our loss was seventy-five killed on the field, and about three hundred wounded. The rebel loss was one thousand killed and wounded. Sunday morning the 21st, the 2d cavalry pursued the retreating rebels harassing their rear and taking prisoners. After passing over a rise of ground the ‘rebs’ had formed in line, and after col. Hatch, and the head of the column had passed the ridge, opened with a volley of musketry and a shower of grape from a masked battery. Capt. Kendrick of company E, had his sabre bent double by a cannon shot, and Captain Egbert had his horse shot under him; the captain was injured internally by his horse falling and is now in the hospital at Iuka. Nelson Lovell of Co. C, was wounded in the neck severely. Henry Melchord, of Co. C, in the shoulder; and John Shaffer of Co. A, wounded in the shoulder, slightly; these were the only casualties to our regiment. The 2d then fell back over the ridge and formed in line of battle and were soon joined by some sharp shooters and a battery, when the ‘rebs’ got up and ‘dusted.’ Price was making for Kentucky, intending to cross the Tennessee river at Eastport, but Gen. Rosencrans was too close after him. Price was expecting, and was prepared for an attack from Grant’s army, but was not aware of Gen. Rosencrans’ close proximity. He had felled trees, and placed obstructions in the roads which detained Gen. Grant’s division and rendered it impossible for him co-operate in the attack. As it is, Price has been badly whipped and is skedaddling southward.
There are rumors of a fight at Bolivar, forty miles west, yesterday; no particulars.
Corinth is being well fortified, and ‘king cotton’ is being turned to good account in the operation.
Captain Gilbert has been promoted to Chief of Cavalry on Gen. Rosecran’s staff; an admirable selection. I am going to the regiment to-day and may learn further particulars, if so I will communicate them.
In haste, ~~ Diff.
P.S. Col Chambers is reported in the hospital at Iuka, wounded. The rebels left twelve guns at Iuka, being in too much of a hurry to remove them. Col. Hatch for efficient services, has been placed in command of the cavalry brigade, than whom none is more worthy.~~Diff.
Thrilling Incident and Hairbreadth Escape.—A correspondent of the St. Louis Democrat, writing from Benton Barracks, says:
“A case of miraculous preservation came to my notice a few days since in the person of Captain B. F. Crail, of company F, 3d Iowa cavalry, who, in one of the recent skirmishes with Porter’s guerrillas, had a ball pass through his cap, in uncomfortable proximity to his head; another cut a hole through his cravat. In a later skirmish near Santa Fe, Missouri, a bullet struck him in the right breast and was removed soon after. While in the same engagement another bullet struck him on the other side, over the heart, passed down and lodged in the stomach, where it has remained until day before yesterday, when it was extracted by Dr. McGugin, the gentlemanly and efficient surgeon in charge of the convalescent hospital in Benton Barracks.
~Transcribed by Elaine Rathmann
September 29, 1862
List of the Wounded Iowa Soldiers in the Battle at Iuka, Mississippi
Office of Davenport Gazette,
Sept. 27th, 10 o’clock A.M.
Mr. F. O. Parker arrived in this city this morning, direct from Corinth, having left there on Thursday morning. Through the kindness of Mr. P. we have received from Col. I. M. Gifford, the following full report of the wounded among the Iowa regiments at the battle of Iuka:
Company A.—Nelson Alexander, Wilson E. Thurston, H. Bitter, N. C. Henk, M. F. Regal, T. G. Tubbs, John W. Kasad, Sam’l H. Olinger, W. A. E. Lisdell, R. A. Tatnall, J. webb, Jackson D. Mitchell, C. Hinesley, J. R. Fabers.
Co. B.—Lieut. J. S. Mattiers, corporal W. Gamble, S. M. Louderback, J. P. Banks, G. f. Work, J. McChrocky, W. Hunnel, J. Vanuta Wm. A. Rice, W. C. Hausafus, J. Bordon, W. B. Wallace, Henry Scott.
Co. C.—Sergt. M. Campbell, N. T. Orr, H. Roberts, John Albaugh, John Butler, Orril George, S. Thompson, J. S. Ashbirn, J. P. Stephens, J. R. Smith, G. W. Palmer, J. M. Stevens.
Co. D.—Capt. Wm. Mooney, Lt. Jarvis, Sergt. John E. Pawe, Sergt. Harman A. Jones, H. Paton, A. B. Wiles, W. H. Hartman, Wamer B. Barrett, James Reynolds, W. Woodward, Jacob Sipe, J. W. Johnson, L. E. Strong, S. Mills.
Co. E.—Elijah Chichister, W. Baughman, W. Bunce, A. B. Lewis, W. H. Brown.
Co. F.—Sergt. James Refrew, Corp. Raison, P. Laffer, Corp. H. B. Sanders, W. Chahort, P. D. Miner, Geo. B. Tipton, Chas. Goss, John Hall, H. D. Glanson, R. McClenham, J. H. Rollam, J. E. Woods, O. W. A. State, Chas. Gano, W. L. Switzer.
Co. G.—Lieut. Samuel S. Sample, Henry V. Fisher, J. M. Miskmin, A. Campbell, G. Jenkins, John Whiteman, J. M. Kellogg, Keirson Miles.
Co. H.—Wm. Knapp, J. P. Shoulton, Joel Brown, M. W. Shane, Benj. Penn, Jacob T. Overturf, H. Shelton, H. Voss, M. D. Hughes.
Co. I.—W. A. Brackey, Chas. P. Reed, Wm. W. Stovens, Wm. Shuler, W. G. Worden S. H. Snaderson, Henry P. Marvin.
Co. K.—W. Lytle, J. M. Smith, A. Sall, L. Shryock, M. Shindler, J. Henley, W. C. Renebart, Jno. Renehart.
Col. Chambers, wounded.
Co. A.—Geo. Miller, Sergt, I. N. Lawrence, E. L. Gordon, Michael Conley, Ed. Cassily, C. B. Harris, H. Manahan, Henry Horn.
Co. B.—corp. Joachim Arp, Corp. Hans F. Hartmann.
Co. D.—Lt. Robt. Alcorn, Corp. David Candy, T. McNealy, L. Horton.
Co. E.—Sergt. J. S. Gillespie, F. A. Forbes, J. Stinemetz, Henry Gipe.
Co. F.—Sergt. M. R. Laird, Ed. Wilcon, J. M. Barnes, J. M. Grove, Michael McGowan, W. C. Welsh.
Co. G.—Corp. G. B. Quick, A. Peick.
Co. I.—Lt. H. D. Williams, Corp. Isaac C. Munger.
Co. K.—J. Deel, H. Karstens, W. Deferc, D. Ligurn.
Co. A.—H. A. Mills.
Co. B.—George Dandy.
Co. C.—Capt. S. M. Archer, G. N. Baldwin, J. T. Jackson.
Co. D.—K. Smith, J. Hood, R. Bromer.
Co. E.—Ben H. Shavler, Richard E. Williams, Ira E. Leury, W. D. Fisher, A. W. Reemer, Wilton M. Godley, John S. Parkhurst.
Co. F.—Milton J. Richardson, J. Cline, Chas. Chase.
Co. G.—Thos. Stewart, Jesse Lee, S. Gard, S. B. Duncan.
Co. H.—Sergt. Andrew M. Vance, Sylvester H. C. Grubb.
Co. I.—J. J. Koolbeck.
Co. K.—J. F. Fulbertson, Hugh White.
Second Iowa Cavalry
Co. C.—Nelson Lovel.
~Transcribed by Elaine Rathmann
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