Davenport Daily Gazette
June 3, 1862
A Fellow Citizen Turned Up.—It has been a question in our mind, from his long silence, whether our former active fellow-citizen and correspondent, Hiram A. Reid, had not gone to the shades. We did not suppose he could live so long in this active world of ours and amid times so stirring, without us seeing his name figuring in some capacity connected to the war. Here it is at last. In the report of the Western Sanitary Commission, located at St. Louis, occurs the following sentence, “A very energetic and efficient relief agent, Rev. H. A. Reid, is employed to procure transportation, and superintend the debarkation of the furloughed and discharged men, form all the hospitals of the city.”
Death of a Davenport Soldier.—The Cincinnati Israelite, of the 30th ult., contains a notice of the death, at Paducah, Ky., of Louis Schoen, of this city. Mr. Schoen was a sergeant in Capt. Wentz’s company, in the first Iowa regiment, and was honorably noticed in the accounts of that battle. He subsequently endeavored to raise a company for a new regiment, and, failing in that went to St. Louis, and enlisted there in a Missouri regiment. Mr. Schoen was a native of Kalserslantern, in the kingdom of Bavaria, and was about 26 years old at the time of his death. He came to the his city in the fall of 1857, and was in the employ of Mr. Isaac Mass and Straus & Billstein till the breaking out of the war. His death was caused by typhoid fever.
~Transcribed by Elaine Rathmann
June 4, 1862
From the Second Iowa Cavalry
Army of the Mississippi
Camp 4 Miles From Corinth, Miss.
Monday, May 26, 1862
Fitz Henry Warren, Colonel of the First Iowa Cavalry, was confirmed a Brigadier General by the Senate on Thursday last.
Friend Sanders: Though from the quiet that has reigned supreme through this region round-about for a few days, a superficial observer might be disposed to transpose a well remembered phrase to “all quiet near Corinth” yet the millions of loyal hearts who are anxiously awaiting the lightning flash that shall reveal the eventful result, may rest assured that the keeping of their vast interests are entrusted to those worthy the confidence reposed. Gen. Halleck is slowly yet surely encircling his wily foe within his mighty grasp; one from which, when he chooses to dictate, there can be, will be, but on choice for the poor deluded, misguided dupes here—the “Corinthians.” “Skedaddling” has been the final scene in their part of the play in all the acts of the victorious army of the West. Let the curtain drop and that scene now be recorded in connection with our victory at Corinth. Possess your souls in patience; all is working smoothly, quietly and successfully for the good of the nation, the welfare of the troops, and the final compete success of our glorious cause.
The 2d cavalry moved to this camp a week since, being now a little southeast of Farmington. The health of the men is good. The sick and wounded were sent from our last camp to Hamburg, from whence many of them have returned to St. Louis and perhaps some to Iowa. Sergt. Waterman of Co. G, and John S. Brush of Co. B, died at Hamburg and St. Louis, of wounds received in the charge of the 9th. From John Burgh, who was captured in the skirmish on the 8th and taken to Columbus, Miss, we learn that Lieut. B. F. Owen, Co. H, was a prisoner, severely wounded in the head. Burgh, with a hundred others, was released because “secesh” lacked the wherewithal to feed them.
In my last I took occasion to speak disparagingly of the Chicago Times and its “army correspondent,” but since seeing the Chicago Tribune of a late date detailing the immortal glories won by the “6,000 brave Illinois boys,” who whipped and “drove back 30,000 rebels” on the 9th, we wish to be excused from drawing any line of distinction between the two. This army may be composed exclusively of “Illinois boys,” and they may (as per Tribune) do all the fighting; but if so, “bigger” papers with abler correspondents make some awful mistakes, and these New York papers ought to know, for their men were on the ground. But alas for “Illinois boys,” New York reporters don’t live in Chicago.
On the night of the 22d Col. Worthington* of the Iowa 5th lost his life. He was general officer of the day, and in visiting the line of sentinels got outside the line and on approaching the sentinel was shot dead, the ball passing through his head.—No blame attaches to the sentinel, as he had been fired upon that night from persons coming from the direction in which the Col. came. A week since the pickets kept up a constant firing during the day, but for the past few days all is quiet. This afternoon there was some sharp cannonading on the right of Gen. Pope’s division. The Adjutant of the 10th Michigan was killed and several wounded. To-day Capt. Lundy of Co. g, was out on picket-guard; he lost two men, Corporal Wm. Smith and Daniel Ferguson. In going to water their horses, they probably got astray and were “picked up.”
On riding over the field where the charge of the 9th was made I found some of the horses were killed at the very mouth of their guns. Some of the missing may have been captured, as their horses went down at the cannon’s mouth. The desperate but brilliant charge of the 2d Iowa cavalry, against 30,000 rebels and three batteries, on the 9th of May, will ever be remembered by the participators therein, as well as by some 6,000 Illinois boys, who will remember it as having proved to them a “saving efficacy.”
The line of entrenchments here are over thirteen miles long, and the line of the army longer yet; to visit from one portion or division to another is more if a circumstance than to visit from your goodly city Muscatine or Iowa City.
Yesterday we had a visit from Major Purcell and to-day from Lt. Col. Sanders, Capt. Frazer, and from Ira. M. Gifford, Esq., of your city, as also from Dr. Maxwell, from whom we receive of late frequent pleasant visits. Col. Sanders had been on his back for some six weeks and is much reduced in flesh. It was the advice of physicians that he should return to Iowa to recover his health, but like a true soldier and well knowing “Iowa men” could ill be spared at these times, he has weathered the storm. He has been up now three days and is fast regaining health and strength. That he may rapidly recover and be again enabled to win laurels in our glorious cause, is the earnest wish of his brethren in arms.
Until within a week past the weather had been quite warm, since which, and a day’s rain, it is rather cool.
To-day Co. E, Capt. Kendrick, were chosen to act as escort to Gen. Pope. They have left the regiment and are snugly ensconced at their new quarters. To-night the 2d and 3d battalions, with Col. Hatch, started off with a day’s rations, perhaps to see, learn, or do something. Offering you “lack of items,” in excuse for dullness.
Funeral of Col. Worthington
The funeral of the late Colonel Worthington was attended yesterday by a large concourse of citizens. The Episcopal services were performed in the church by Rev. Mr. Jope, who preached a very pertinent and feeling sermon. After these services the procession formed in the following order: the City Rifles, the hearse, (the coffin enveloped the American Flag,) the horse of Col. Worthington, the family and friends, the officers and soldiers from the Hospital, members of the Bar, Rolla Fire company, and citizens. Arrived at the Cemetery, the remains were committed to their long resting place,--“dust to dust, earth to earth, ashes to ashes,” and many tears were shed in sympathy with the bereaved family.—Gate City, 31st.
* Col. William H. Worthington from Lee County, Iowa.
~Transcribed by Elaine Rathmann
June 7, 1862
Western Armory.—The prospects of yet securing a National Armory on Rock Island is brightening. On Thursday Mr. Grimes introduced a bill which was referred to the military committee, providing for the establishment of arsenals at Columbus, Ohio, Indianapolis, Ind., and Rock Island, Ill.; and for deposits and repair of arms and other munitions of war. The bill appropriates $100,000.
Lt. Col. Sanders.—The following has been handed us for publication, by Rev. Mr. Kynett:
A private letter, dated May 29th, from Rev. C. G. Truesdell, Chaplain 2d Iowa Cavalry, says: “Col. Sanders called on me a few days ago. He looks very badly, but will not own that he is sick. His big patriotic heart, and spunky spirit, are enough to kill such a little light body, and I fear he will be compelled to give himself a little rest or he will break down altogether.”
From the 11th Iowa Regiment
Camp Before Corinth, Miss.
May 28, 1862.
Dear Editor:--The army of the West is still moving slowly but surely; justice overtakes crime, law and order subdue rebellion. True conservatism, annihilates such radical heresies as assert the divine origin and necessary existence of human slavery. The army of the West is a great institution. Visit the camp, you shall see the hardy resolute Hawkeye soldiers sitting under the shady greenwood tree (“merry, merry archers we,”) some writing, some reading, some dozing, a few studying the history of the four kings, and some perchance storing away in a safe place the two days’ rations which we are ordered to keep on hand. The story, song, jest, and laugh go around, while away to the right or to the left, or perchance to the front, the boom of cannon and roll of musketry denote “heavy skirmishing with the enemy,” and now none of us know how soon we shall all be called in.
For a few days the cars have been very quiet, but yesterday, last night, and this morning, the whistle is constantly giving out its warnings of coming and going. Either the enemy are leaving Corinth or getting heavy reinforcements. Gen. Rosecrans landed at Crump’s Landing last night 12 miles from Purdy, and to-day all our cavalry are ordered out in the direction of the latter place. Our forces have scouted to M.& O. RR. West of Purdy several times, and have torn up the track; it is surmised now that an effort is to be made to take and hold the road north of Corinth.
Our division has not yet been assigned its place in the new lines, but is at present held as a reserve, sending out each day a regiment on picket duty. The Eleventh were out Friday night last on our right, and within half a mile of the rebel works; a small creek separated the armies, and it is thought the next forward move there will be resisted. Meanwhile wherever the army camps a line of strong entrenchments are thrown up, the underbrush cleaned and every thing prepared to overwhelm the enemy if they attack our camp. The work of moving such an army of besiegers is no slight one. We have now built over 25 miles of breastwork, of logs and earth, filling three to four feet high, and about four feet thick, rifle pits inside and generally ditching outside. Much of this work is now behind us, and we hope will never be needed, for we build new fortifications as we go, and unless Beauregard and Bragg have heavier guns than we have they must either capitulate or evacuate.
Our army has opened over 200 miles of new road, bridging streams, cleaning off the timber, corduroying swamps, &c. We have a telegraph running all around through the woods from Halleck to each army commander, disturbing no doubt, many an owl and squirrel as the lightning track goes through their nests.
I shall not be surprised any day to see the railroad cars, and hear the whistle of the locomotive tearing through our camp. Such is the power of a grand army that I do not undertake to limit its executive ability, and I believe that Gen. Halleck handles his command with consummate skill. Every move tells in his favor, and no impatient carpet knight at home is half so anxious for a more rapid forward movement as Black (I speak the language of chess,) Beauregard. A checkmate of this rebellion is sure in the southwest in two more moves.
Every one praises the gallant conduct of the Iowa 2d Cavalry, at the skirmish of Farmington. “Diff” will of course give you particulars. It gets the greater credit from the fact that hitherto the cavalry has done but little good in this wooden country.
The health of our regiment is now pretty good. Some 200 are absent sick and wounded, and we have lost at (sic) and since the battle of Pittsburg Landing, including the killed, died of wounds and disease there contracted, an aggregate of 40 men.
Our assistant Surgeon, Dr. Lloyd, of Iowa City, is a man much liked by the men, and respected by all who know him for his gentlemanly conduct and kind attention to the sick. He serves promotion. Kindness and devotion to the welfare of his men is as honorable in the surgeon as courage and fortitude in the soldier.
The sacred (?) soil of Mississippi is better than that of Tennessee around Pittsburg. The forests are really magnificent, and my conviction is, that free labor, free schools, and free speech would make this wilderness blossom like the rose.
We are surprised and pained to hear of the death of our chaplain, Rev. Mr. Whittlesey. He was a good, brave man. He exposed himself freely to danger at the battle of Pittsburg Landing, to aid and relieve the wounded.
Lt. Col. Sanders, of the 16th Iowa, is very poor in appearance as to health but still keeps up his courage, and thinks he is getting better. So of Col. Hall, who has been sick, but is again “on duty.” Ira M. Gifford is here, and we were all mightily pleased to see his smiling face among us.—Maj. Van Hosen, of the 13th, and Capt. Foster seem to be bullet proof and sickness proof.
~Transcribed by Elaine Rathmann
June 10, 1862
Lt. Col. Hall.—This gallant officer returned home last evening, to recruit his health, being quite feeble. We hope that, with the pure air and genial surroundings of home, Col. H.’s health will soon be mended.
Soldiers Missing.—By reference to “Diff’s” letter, on the 2d Cavalry, detailed to destroy the railroad track, are missing. Messrs. Lyman C. Loomis, J. B. Ellis, James Finley, James Kennedy and Jacob Diffendorfer were from Atalissa, Muscatine county, and Charles Hilton and Caleb Sweet were from Iowa City.
Lieut. Flanagan.—Our fellow-citizen, Lt. John Flanagan, Co. B, 2d Iowa Regiment, who, it will be remembered, was mustered out of service for some slight informality, we are informed by Gov. Baker, will soon again be assigned to an honorable position among the Iowa boys.
Second Lieut. Co. B.—Sergeant Frank M. Sulter has been appointed Second Lieutenant of Co. B, 2d regiment, in place of lt. Flanagan. We congratulate Frank on his appointment, and feel that he is every way worthy of it.
~Transcribed by Elaine Rathmann
June 10, 1862
Off for the Army.—Eight boys, from 16 to 19 years of age, sons of citizens of Davenport, left here yesterday morning for Chicago, to go into a three months regiment, to guard prisoners. Success to the youngsters.
Col. Percel, of the 10th regiment, arrived in this city night before last. It is reported he has resigned his position as Colonel. We regret that any cause should have induced the Colonel to take this step, and sincerely hope that he may be prevailed on to retain his former position, or to accept one where his services can yet be secured to the country.
Another Brigadier.—Col. Tuttle was on Monday confirmed by the senate as Brigadier General of volunteers, and he is therefore now Gen. Tuttle, Iowa has now one Major General and five Brigadiers, including Gen. Steele, promoted from the Colonelcy of the 8th regiment. There are three Colonelcies of Iowa regiments now vacant—those of 3d, 4th and 5th regiment.
Major Joseph Andrews.—We are in receipt of a letter from this gentleman, Major of the 8th Iowa regiment, written from the residence of his mother at Providence, R. I. The Major it will be remembered, had his horse shot from under him and was afterwards struck by a ball in the neck at the battle of Shiloh. He was sent home, with the remark from the surgeon “he’ll die.” The Major is not yet able to walk, but he writes his is slowly recovering from his wound.
~Transcribed by Elaine Rathmann
June, 11, 1862
The Negro Race
The Democrat of this city has a leader in its yesterday morning’s issue commencing with the following assertion:--“The argument made by the higher law-ites of to-day is that the Negro is just as good as a white man, and is worthy of rank and position of equality with the best Circassian (?) stock.” He there adds that, “when the Black Republican party was organized it was with the view of drawing its strength from the same doctrine.” As many of our Republican citizens patronize the Democrat and permit it to be left at their residences for their wives and children to peruse, for fear the latter, who are not presumed to know much about political matters, attach credit to the assertion of that paper and believe the head of the family to belong to a party of blacks, if not to be actually in favor of a black man for President, we will file one or two exceptions. It always seems to us a waste of time to contradict assertions that every sensible man knows to be false, but yet as people will read them and the uninitiated believe them, it sometimes becomes necessary.
What the Negro would have been had he from the beginning been placed under the same enlightening influences that the white man has enjoyed, we leave to the speculations of anthropologists. The question is, what is he now and what is he capable of doing. To admit, that after hundreds of years of enslavement both of body and mind, denied access to every means of mental culture and taught from his earliest infancy that he is of an inferior race, the Negro is now capable of occupying high position in the Government, is to argue that he is naturally of a race superior to the white man. Philanthropists are now taking the Negro from his low estate and arousing his dormant faculties to an appreciation of the truths of the Christian religion. That lies at the foundation of all human knowledge and excellence, and until men and nations learn to appreciate its truths they cannot occupy as high position in the scale of being, or secure to themselves the full amount of happiness that man was destined to enjoy in this state of existence. The simple circumstance that the most ultra anti-slavery men and women, those who were formerly termed abolitionists, are seeking now to elevate the moral and mental conditions of the Negro, by instilling into his mind the primary principles of education, is proof positive of the absurdity of the position assumed by our erudite neighbor.
The Republican party never sought to draw strength from the doctrine that the Negro was worthy of rank and position in his present condition; or that he is now, or ever was as good, mentally or morally, as the white man. As politicians they viewed the question from a political stand-point. Without reference to the negro’s capabilities for even self-government, they saw that his enslavement was a curse to the people that indulged in it. It rested like a mildew upon those States that sanctioned it, blighting the prospects of the people, effeminating their minds, and rooting out the principles of Christianity. All history told them a nation could not live happily with such an incubus preying upon it. They saw the evil was growing continually. Freedom could not keep pace with its advance. So, as a party they planted the stakes; they threw a wall around the curse, and said to the Democratic party, all of the territory outside of this wall is forever dedicated to freedom; we respect your rights within these bounds, our’s you must regard without them; henceforth we are two parties, and slavery is the dividing line between us. From that day until now, every political question has been merged in this; like Aaron’s rod, it has swallowed up all the rest; and the Republican party is as ready to-day, as in 1856, to meet its opponents, and contend for the abridgement of slavery, or the glorious principles of freedom to all men.
Military Items from Adj’t Gen. Baker’s Offices
Promotions and Appointments.—Sam’l D. Brodtbeck, late Major of the 12th Iowa Infantry, to be Special Aid-de-Camp to Governor.
Maj. John M. Corse, to be Lieut. Col. Of the 6th Iowa Infantry, vice Cummins.
Capt. John Williams of Co. G, 6th Iowa Infantry, promoted to Major of said regiment, for gallant conduct at the battle of Shiloh, vice Corse, promoted.
Capt. Samuel R. Edgington, Co. A, 15th Iowa Infantry, to be Major of said regiment, vice Brodtbeck, resigned.
Ass’t Surgeon Richard J. Mohr, to be Surgeon of the 10th Iowa Infantry, vice Davi resigned.
1st Lieut. W. Dean, to be Capt. Of Co. A, 5th Iowa Infantry, vice Childs resigned.
1st Lieut. Daniel S. Melvin, to be Capt. Co K, 5th Iowa Infantry vice Comstock, mustered out.
1st Lieut. Wesley Moreland, to be Capt. Co. C, 7th Iowa Infantry, vice McMullen promoted.
Serg’t Frank M. Suiter, to be 2d Lieut. Co. B, vice Flanagan mustered out.
5d Lieut. Benj. Owen, to be Capt. Co, H. 2d Iowa Cavalry, vice Sanford resigned.
Resignations—Wilson T. Smith, Capt. Co. B, 15th Iowa Infantry, May 23. M. R. Ridreick, 2d Lieut. Co. G, 3d Iowa Infantry, May 23d.
Phillip H. Goode, 1st Lieut. Co. F, 15th Iowa Infantry, May 23.
Lieut. Col. Thomas Drummond, 4th Iowa Cavalry, to take effect June 2d, 1862.
Lieut. A. B. Reyburn, 5th Iowa Infantry, mustered out by order of Gen. Halleck.
~Transcribed by Elaine Rathmann
June 13, 1862
Off for the Army.—Lieutenant Benton, Co. B, 8th regiment, left for Gen Halleck’s army on Wednesday. Lt. Byng, of Co. C, 2d regiment, left yesterday. Both of these officers have recovered their health, and are now ready to resume active service. Capt. Egbert, Co. C, 2d cavalry, and Mr. Wm. H. H. Sutliff, of Co. C, 2d Infantry, will leave today for the army.
The 8th Iowa Prisoners.—Letters were received here night before last, form Messrs. Orlando B. Finke and Matthew Hender, soldiers of the 8th regiment, recently released from confinement by the secesh, and now at Nashville. They tell of having endured much hardship since their capture. They were taken to Memphis, thence to Tuscaloosa, Selins, Milledgeville, and other places. Their treatment generally was pretty rough, but they give no details. They were released upon taking an oath not to take up arms against the South till legitimately exchanged. They are, however, still prisoners, and are confined at Nashville, and will remain so till exchanged. But, as Mr. Finke says, they would rather be Uncle Sam’s prisoners than in the hands of the amiable secesh. They anticipate, when exchanged, a short furlough, so that they may see their friends before re-entering the service. They expect to leave for St. Louis soon.
Mr. Hender says that before the regiment was surrounded and taken, they had made four successful charges on the enemy. They were told, after their capture, that an Alabama regiment, which had attempted to take the battery which the 8th had the care of, had only eighteen men uninjured at the close of the day. All of Co. B (Capt. Cleaveland) are released. Mr. Wm. Platts, who was wounded at Shiloh and taken prisoner, is among the released, and is entirely recovered.
Penniless Soldier.—We were called upon early yesterday by a wounded soldier for money to assist him in reaching Dubuque, where he said his parents resided. He showed us a furlough stating his name to be John Kinney, a private in the 16th U.S. Infantry. We do not suppose that any of our best officers would refuse him deck passage to Dubuque and so told him. His reply was that he didn’t like to ask them! We suggested to him that that would be less objectionable than going around the streets begging pittances to help him along. He coincided in the suggestion and concluded to try it. Imposters in soldier’s garb will be very common for some time to come, and as this is a central point measures should be adopted to send home the genuine defenders of our country who reach here penniless, unable to prosecute their journey for want of means.
~Transcribed by Elaine Rathmann
June 14, 1862
The Union and the Constitution
“The Union as it was, and the Constitution as it is,” is the claptrap motto of the new political party, that has stolen the name of “Democracy,” upon which to found an organization in order to amalgamate the pro-slavery adherents of the South with the remnants of the old Democratic party at the North, and thus constitutes a power sufficient to replace the country as it was before the latter sentiments developed themselves in rebellion. In other words, it is the object of this party to restore the Union precisely as it was before the rebellion commenced; and this they propose to do by claiming that every measure adopted by Congress and act enforced the President, looking to the abolition of slavery, is in direct opposition to the constitution. In doing this, they lay down the broad principle that “freedom is sectional and slavery is national.” There was a time when this principle might have been maintained with a show of success; but under the present circumstances, we regard it as the most suicidal course that any party could possibly adopt.
The domineering spirit of the South in the councils of our nation will no longer be tolerated. The backbone of slavery is broken, and it can never again stand erect in the presence of the free spirit of the North. This war has already abolished it from the District of Columbia, from the protection of the national flag, and from a large portion of the State of Virginia; while it has prepared the way for its eradication from the States of Delaware, Maryland, Kentucky and Missouri. It is weakened throughout the entire South. The slaves having once scented the breeze of freedom will not consent quietly to return to their old oppressed condition.
A party founded upon an evil so gigantic can never success in this enlightened age of the world. Although the vassals of Vallandigham, the putative father of this new Democratic party, maintain that the constitution is outraged by the course pursued by Congress, the Executive and the heads of Departments, in regard to slavery, yet not one of them can designate a single act yet committed by these officials that under the circumstances violates that instrument. The Republicans and those noble men who affiliated with the Democratic party proper while in existence, but now refuse to act with the new pro-slavery organization, are as tenacious of preserving the constitution inviolate in the prosecution if this war, as the most ultra man in the new party, and they are sincere in their motives.
The constitution will be preserved; it is superior to slavery and can survive the downfall of that institution, and be just as beautiful and perfect in all its parts as though no such stain ever rested upon our country. Men have no proper appreciation of that instrument, they underrate it and weaken the very power by which they seek to build themselves up, when they affirm that the constitution makes slavery national, is identical with it, and will be destroyed by its abolition.
The Union will not be restored as it was, governed in its councils by a handful of slaveholders, backed by a political organization that for the sake of their influence will “bend the pregnant hinges of the knee that thrift may follow fawning,” regardless of the consequences that may follow. But brighter, more lovely, it will emerge from this contest the admiration of the world, shorn of that obnoxious feature that made us a by-word among nations and produced eternal discords among ourselves. Compacted together by one sentiment, one purpose, one interest, it will survive and flourish when nations that were wont to ridicule its pretensions to freedom will have crumbled into dust.
Suppression of the Slave Trade.
Capt. Schultz arrived in Washington, on Friday with the treaty with Great Britain for the suppression of the slave-trade, signed by the Queen. Ratification having been exchanged, the treaty is now law. Capt. Schultz went out and returned in the Persia, spent less than a week in England, and was gone but twenty-nine days.
This is among the great doings of this Congress and Administration which will render the age immortal. It destroys the slave-trade forever. The American flag can no longer be used for such a nefarious purpose.
An Appalling Fact.—The bereavements of the war, so far as the single city of New Orleans is concerned, have a dreadful exemplification in the appalling fact, stated by the New Orleans ‘Delta’, that there are no fewer than 2,400 orphan children in that city.
Mortality of Iowa Soldiers.
The following list comprises the names of Iowa Volunteers who have died in the vicinity of St. Louis at the dates named.—For further information, apply to John A. Smithers, 113 Chestnut street, St. Louis:
June 1—Socrates Pyle, Co. E, 7th Regt.
June 2—Jacob E. Chrish, Co. H, 12th do
June 2—Thoedore Ables, Co. K, 15th do
June 2—Levi Bonsall, Co. D, 13th do
June 3—Lewis Tarpenning, Co. F, 15th do
June 5—A. S. Gardiner (sergt) Co. C, 13th
June 7—Jacob Robinson, Co. I, 16th do
~Transcribed by Elaine Rathmann
June 16, 1862
Sick and Wounded.—The steamer Empress left Pittsburg Landing on the 4th Inst., with five hundred sick and wounded soldiers on their way to different hospitals. Among them we find the following from Scott county companies, viz: D. Miclot, Co. B, 2d regiment; J. H. Woods, Co. B, 16th; and Wm. W. Gerden, Co. C, and L. W. Coleman, Co. E, 2d cavalry.
Returned.—Rev. C. G. Vanderveer arrived on the eastern train Saturday evening. We are pleased to know that he is in good health, though he looks as if he had seen something of war, as he truly has. Mr. Vanderveer has resigned the chaplaincy of the Eight, and his resignation has been accepted. HE will now resume his pastoral charge of the Reformed Dutch Church of this city, where he will preach this morning at half past ten o’clock.
A Davenport Soldier is Taken Prisoner and Escapes.—We make the following extract from a letter written by P. M. McGuire to his father, James McGuire, Esq., giving an account of his capture, forced travels in Secessia, and final escape from the rebels. Mr. McGuire belongs to Co. A., Curtis’ Horse, and although a young man, is an old citizen of this place. His letter is dated Fort Hieman, June 5th.
“I have arrived back safe to my company after nearly three months’ imprisonment. I was taken prisoner at Paris, Tenn. On the 11th of March; from there was taken to Humboldt, from there to Memphis, from there to Columbus, Miss.; from there to a little town in Louisiana; from there to Mobile, Ala.; from there to Tuscaloosa, Ala.; from there I made my escape on the night of the 6th of May, after cutting my way out through a brick wall. I traded my uniform for a secesh uniform, and part of the time traveled as a Confederate soldier, and a part of the time I kept in the timber, killed young hogs and roasted them, and eat them without salt or bread. I finally got to our forces across the river from Decatur, Ala. Gen Mitchell’s division; from there to Shelbyville by wagon train; from there to Louisville, by way of Bowling Green and Nashville; by cars from Louisville down the Ohio to Paducah, and up the Tennessee river by steamboat, and arrived here on the 3d inst.”
Recovering.—We were pleased to see Adj’t George McCosh riding out yesterday. He has much improved under the judicious care of Dr. Gibson, but is still feeble. He will soon, however, we hope, be completely restored to health.
Dead Soldiers.—The following deaths of Iowa soldiers occurred in the Keokuk hospital at the dates mentioned: June 11th, J. W. Guthrie, co. B, 15th regiment; 13, H. LeValley, Co. A, 17th regiment, and A. C. Scrivens, Co. A, 15th regiment.
Sick Soldiers.—Mrs. Wittenmyer, in a letter to the Soldiers’ Aid Society of Keokuk, says, that owing to the distance necessary to transport the sick, the army being so far from the Tennessee river, none but those laboring under chronic difficulties will be removed, and it is the intention to send such cases as far north as hospital facilities will allow, ‘Keokuk,’ she adds, ‘is put down for 1,000 and Davenport 800.’ It may be that that hospital boat, so often referred to, may yet visit us.
~Transcribed by Elaine Rathmann
June 17, 1862
Released Prisoners—Their Treatment by the Rebels.—We have been handed two letters from released prisoners now at Nashville, one from Mr. O. K. Fluke, the other from Mr. John Rager, both of this county,--from these letters, by permission, we make an abstract of the adventures of the prisoners. They were made prisoners, as is known, towards the close of the first day of the Pittsburgh fight. They were marched across the field at the point of the bayonet to their camping place for the night, and reached Corinth next afternoon, and Memphis Tuesday evening. About 12 o’clock that night they each received two hard crackers, the first food they had had since Sunday morning.—From Memphis they went by railroad to Mobile, and thence to Tuscaloosa by steamboat, at which place they arrived on the 15th of April. They were treated tolerably well while on the cars, and were met by crowds of citizens, who were anxious to see “live Yankees.” They remained at Tuscaloosa till May 15th. While there, the ration to each man was a piece of corn bread, five inches long, two inches wide, and one and a half thick, every day; and small piece of boiled beef, or mule meat, a plate of beans, a cup of rice and three tablespoonfuls of molasses every other day.
After they had “dwindled down to almost nothing,” they were taken back to Mobile, and thence to Montgomery; where they were paroled. They then went east to West Point and Atlanta, and thence to Chattanooga, Tenn., where they remained a couple of days. Afterwards they took the cars to Bridgeport, on the Tennessee river, under a flag of truce, about thirty miles to the national lines. Mr. Fluke says, “I tell you there was then a set of glad boys: how we cheered and shouted when we saw the glorious stars and stripes!” Arrived at Huntsville, they got something to eat for the first time since they left our lines; the coffee, too, was very welcome, for they got none of it in the Confederacy, because as far as they know or could hear of, that interesting portion of creation hadn’t any coffee, but used instead rye and wheat “coffee.” From Huntsville they marched eighty miles to Columbia and there took the cars to Nashville. At the conclusion of his letter Mr. Fluke says:
“I don’t think the South can stand it much longer: they have not enough to eat. Their soldiers are living very poorly and they are pressing men into their army now. I have seen lots of rebel soldiers, who told me they were forced into the service.” “They have neither silver nor gold at all, and instead use bills of from five cents to one dollar in each town; and they won’t pass from one town to another.”
The following portion is the form of oath which the paroled prisoners subscribed: “I do hereby solemnly swear and pledge my most sacred word of honor, that I will not, during the existing war between the Confederate States and the United States of America, bear arms, or aid and abet the enemies of said Confederate States or their friends, either directly or indirectly in any form whatsoever, until regularly exchanged or released.”
~Transcribed by Elaine Rathmann
June 19, 1862
Death in the Camp.
As we advance into these regions a variety of diseases are becoming ruinously prevalent. Fever and ague, jaundice, diarrhea, and many types of fevers are thinning the ranks of the different regiments fearfully. I will not attempt to describe the pictures of the poor men, as they drag themselves through camp. The toughest looking ones seem to be the greatest sufferers. Last evening I paid a visit to a physician friend, and accepted an invitation to partake of the luxuries of his extra cot. About 1 o’clock we were aroused by the cry of “Doctor, the Captain’s dying.” The Doctor immediately dressed himself sparsely and I accompanied him to a private tent, where lay a robust-looking officer. The doctor bade me rub his stomach and legs with a coarse towel, while he forced quinine and wine into him. In a few minutes the man became partially sensible, and inquired of the Lieutenant Colonel, who had just arrived ‘What is the matter?’ there’s something wrong, Colonel—don’t deceive me—I’m in a dangerous condition. I’ve been asleep, Colonel, and there is something wrong. O God! my wife and children—don’t let me die for their sake. You know I’ve got my leave of absence, for the doctor says Gen. Buell has singed the papers.’
Lieutenant Colonel—‘Yes, Captain, you have been very low, but the doctor says he will save you. He has gone for an emetic.’
Captain—‘colonel, there is no use in my dying here, when treatment at home would save me. It would kill my wife, I am afraid the doctor has not procured my furlough—he is only deceiving me to quiet me.’
Let me assure you the scene was touching in the extreme. The poor man did not seem really afraid to die, but desired to live for the sake of his wife and little ones.
He had presented his papers for a leave of absence, which had not been returned, although the doctor had assured him that everything was all right—that Gen. Buell had signed the document.
The doctor worked arduously for several hours, assisted by the staff officers, to save the Captain’s life, and before daylight he exhibited symptoms of recovery. About 9 o’clock, however, the unhappy man became dangerous, and shortly before ten passed from terrestrial scenes, his last words being, ‘and can’t see my little boy, neither.’
I shall ever remember the dying Captain, and his last words, ‘and can’t see my little boy, neither.’
~Transcribed by Elaine Rathmann
June 30, 1862
A Soldier Dead.—A soldier named Lamon arrived here last Wednesday morning, sick with chronic diarrhoea. He was conveyed to his home in the northern part of the county, where he died Saturday morning. The deceased was a brother-in-law of Mr. Skiles, of Conrad Grove, and a member of the Sixteenth Regiment.
First Shipment from Memphis.—Mr. George Yapp, of this city, arrived yesterday morning from Memphis, where he has been since before the war. He brought with him six hogsheads of N. O. sugar, the first shipment of any kind received here from Memphis since the blockade began. Mr. Yapp’s family, we are told, had not heard from him in a year.
Dr. Asa Morgan.—We met this gentleman, surgeon of the Iowa 7th regiment, in our city a day or two since on his return home. After following this heroic regiment through its brilliant engagements, he has at length been obliged on account of persistent ill health, to resign his commission and return to his home at DeWitt. Dr. Morgan is an indefatigable, hard-working physician and it will be difficult to supply his loss to the regiment.
Keokuk, June 28, 1862
Ed. Davenport Gazette: Will you please insert the inclosed list of articles needed in hospitals, in your paper and greatly oblige.
Lucretia Knowles, Cor. Sec’y Sol. Aid Society, Keokuk.
To the Soldiers Aid Societies of Iowa:
The following is a list of articles needed in hospitals which are not supplied by Government, or not furnished in sufficient quantities to meet the demand: Bed sacks, sheets, pillows, pillow cases, comforts or quilts, socks, blankets, bandages and rags, dressing gowns, slippers, towels, handkerchiefs, shirts, drawers, codfish, dried beef, green tea, nutmegs, sponges, combs, crackers, eggs, butter, dried and canned fruit, cheese, pickles, cordials, prunes, wines, jellies, pepper, white sugar, lemons, oranges, fine soap, pins, needle books, brooms, wash bowls, tincups, reading matter
~Transcribed by Elaine Rathmann
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