|Iowa State Census Project||Census of Iowa for the Year 1875|
A book consisting of 1875 census returns, was published by the Executive Council, and shows "in detail the population, agricultural statistics, domestic and general manufactures, and other items of interest. " This is known as the Thirteenth state census taken under state authority, but is also "the twenty-first enumeration of the inhabitants of what is now the State of Iowa".
Did you realize the existence of the great number of censuses conducted in Iowa up to this year? The 1875 census book publication is among many that contain statistics based upon collected census data. The 20 censuses up to 1875 since the organization of the territory are: 1836, 1838, 1840, 1844, 1846, 1847, 1849, 1850, 1851, 1852, 1854, 1856, 1859, 1860, 1863, 1865, 1867, 1869, 1870, and 1873.
Individual names were not included in these statistical books. But, agricultural and population totals are usually tallied using data gathered from in-person visitations, so wouldn't there be an opportunity to write down names? For many census years, individual household information or head-of-household (HOH) names were not included in the end product. For genealogical purposes, we only list censuses that include name enumerations.
Surprisingly, the 1875 book and other census books do not list the full compliment of questions contained in the census schedule and asked by the enumerator, though great pains are taken to present the results.
Thankfully, through a researcher's discovery, we have a glimpse of what the enumerator was supposed to have written down. The HOH name along with other household population totals and family statistics were among the data to be collected by the enumerator! One county—that we know of, so far—retained the data from the census questionnaire.
Carroll County has the distinct credit to have retained the original census schedule. Denise Gripp, the 1st Vice President of the Iowa State Genealogical Society, happened upon this surprising census in her research. Thanks to her, we have a glimpse of a sample first page of this census. Also see the first 150 questions of this 189 question census schedule.
I have now included the 1875 Census for Carroll County in our list of censuses to be transcribed.
Where are the original census enumerations for the other counties? Perhaps a clue is given in the introductory remarks of the 1875 census book. The county auditors compiled the county's statistics and sent them off to the Secretary of State. Seemingly, there was no requirement for the county government to keep the detailed schedules, so we can speculate that they were destroyed. The county assessors may have had further reason to destroy the original collected data. This data collection was only to be used for census purposes and assessors were not allowed to use it for tax assessment. In order to insure no enticement to this purpose was possible, the office probably destroyed the original copies in most cases
We can mourn the fact that the majority of these great genealogical treasures were destroyed. However we can still hold out hope and ask, what treasures will we find buried in the basements of the local county courthouse or in the files of the local genealogical or historical society?
- Stephen Williams (May 2008)
Title: Thirteenth State Census, The Census of Iowa, as returned in the Year 1875, Showing in Detail the Population, Agricultural Statistics, Domestic and General Manufactures, and Other Items of Interest.
Published: Under the Direction of the Executive Council. Cyrus C. Carpenter, Governor. Josiah T. Young, Secretary of State. Buren R. Shierman, Auditor of State. William Christy, Treasurer of State. Des Moines: R. P. Clarkson, State Printer. Nov. 1, 1875.
Pages: Introductory matter: xvi pages, General Tables: 507 pages
1875 Carroll Co. Census Schedule image and questionnaire transcription: Denise Gripp, 1st Vice President of the Iowa State Genealogical Society.
Repositories: Originals at Carroll County Courthouse, FHL microfilm #'s 1480855 Item 2 & 1480856 Item 1
Pages published: Stephen D. Williams, 16 May 2008
P. 1 1. Dwelling- houses numbered in order of visitation 2. Name of head of family 3. Residence- If in town or city, name of street, with number or other description 4. Residence- If in country- Township 5. Residence- If in country- Range 6. Residence- If in country- Section 7. Residence- If in country- Description by smallest legal subdivision 8. Families numbered in order of visitation 9. White inhabitants- Male 10. White inhabitants- Female 11. White inhabitants- Total 12. Colored inhabitants- Male 13. Colored inhabitants- Female 14. Colored inhabitants- Total P. 2 15. Total population 16. Nativity of inhabitants- No. born in Iowa 17. Nativity of inhabitants- No. born in the U.S. but not in Iowa 18. Nativity of inhabitants- No. born in foreign countries 19. Foreign parentage- No. having both parents foreign born 20. Foreign parentage- No. whose father only was foreign born 21. Foreign parentage- No. whose mother only was foreign born 22. No. of voters 23. Birthplace of voters- No. born in United States 24. Birthplace of voters- Do. in British America 25. Birthplace of voters- Do. England & Wales 26. Birthplace of voters- Do. in Ireland 27. Birthplace of voters- Do. in Scotland 28. Birthplace of voters- Do. in Germany 29. Birthplace of voters- Do. in Austria, inc. Hungary and bohemia 30. Birthplace of voters- Do. in Holland 31. Birthplace of voters- Do. in Norway 32. Birthplace of voters- Do. in Sweden 33. Birthplace of voters- Do. in Denmark 34. Birthplace of voters- Do. in France 35. Birthplace of voters- Do. in all other countries 36. No. Foreigners not naturalized 37. No. of militia 38. No. 5 years old and under 6 39. No. 6 years old and under 16 40. No. 16 years old and under 21 41. Illiteracy- No. over 16 and under 21 who cannot read 42. Illiteracy- No. over 21 who cannot read-male 43. Illiteracy- Do. female 44. No. deaf an dumb not in state institution 45. No. blind not in College for the Blind 46. No. insane not in state hospitals 47. No. births in 1874 48. No. deaths in 1874 P. 3 49. No. acres improved land 50. Do. of unimproved land 51. No. rods of fence 52. No. acres in cultivation in 1874 53. Spring wheat- No. acres 54. Spring wheat- No. bushels harvested 55. Winter wheat- No. acres 56. Winter wheat- No. bushels harvested 57. Indian corn- No. acres 58. Indian corn- No. bushels harvested 59. Rye- No. acres 60. Rye- No. bushels harvested 61. Oats- No. of acres 62. Oats- No. bushels harvested 63. Barley- No. acres 64. Barley- No. bushels harvested 65. Buckwheat- No. acres 66. Buckwheat- No. bushels harvested 67. Flax- No. acres 68. Flax- No bushels of flax seed P. 4 69. Syrup and sugar- No. acres of sorghum 70. Syrup and sugar- No. gallons syrup there-from 71. Syrup and sugar- No. gallons maple syrup 72. Syrup and sugar- No. pounds maple sugar 73. No. acres blue grass for pasture 74. No acres tame grass 75. No. tons hay from same 76. No. tons hay from wild grass 77. No. bushels grass seed 78. No. bushels clover seed 79. Hungarian grass- No. acres 80. Hungarian grass- No. tons of hay from same 81. Hungarian grass- No. bushels seed from same 82. Hops- No. acres 83. Hops- No pounds 84. Tobacco- No. acres 85. Tobacco- No. pounds 86. Broom corn- No. acres 87. Broom corn- No. tons of product 88. Potatoes- No. acres 89. Potatoes- No. bushels 90. Sweet Potatoes- No. acres 91. Sweet Potatoes- No. bushels 92. Onions- No. acres 93. Onions- No. bushels 94. No. bushels turnips 94.5 No. bushels beets 95. No. bushels peas and beans P. 5 96. Acres natural timber 97. Acres planted timber 98. Rods of hedge 99. Apples- No. trees in bearing 100. Apples- Bushels gathered in ‘74 101. Pears- No. trees in bearing 102. Pears- Bushels gathered 103. Peaches- No. trees in bearing 104. Peaches- Bushels gathered 105. Plums- No. trees in bearing 106. Plums- Bushels gathered 107. Cherries- No. trees in bearing 108. Cherries- Bushels gathered 109. No. other fruit trees in bearing 110. No. fruit trees not in bearing 111. Grapes in vineyards- No. acres 112. Grapes in vineyards- Pounds of grapes gathered 113. Grapes in vineyards- Gallons of wine made 114. Grapes not in vineyards- No. of vines 115. Grapes not in vineyards- Pounds of grapes gathered 116. Grapes not in vineyards- Gallons of wine made P. 6 117. No. horses of all ages 118. No. horses sold for export in 1874 119. No mules and asses 120. No. same sold for export 1874 121. No. milch cows 122. No. pounds of butter made in 1874 123. No. pounds of cheese made in 1874 not at factory 124. No. gallons milk sold in 1874 125. No. of work oxen 126. No. of other cattle 127. No of cattle slaughtered and sold for slaughter in 1874 128. No. thoroughbred short-horns 129. No. other improved breeds of cattle, naming them 130. No. of hogs 131. No. of Berkshire hogs 132. No. Poland-China Hogs 133. No other improved breeds of hogs, naming them 134. No. of hogs slaughtered or sold for slaughter in 1874 P. 7 135. Sheep- No. on hand 136. Sheep- No. merinos 137. Sheep- No. of other improved breeds, naming them 138. Sheep- Whole number pounds of wool in 1874 139. Sheep- No. slaughtered or sold for slaughter in 1874 140. Sheep- No. killed by dogs in 1874 141. Number of dogs 142. No. stands of bees 143. No. pounds honey and beeswax in 1874 144. Value of products of farm 145. Value of market garden products 146. Value of products of the orchard 147. Value of small fruit 148. Value of animals sold for export, slaughtered, and sold for slaughter, and of hides, tallow, and all other products of the herd 149. Value of products of the diary 150. Value of fuel, railroad ties cut and all other products of the forest
Questions, comments, suggestions welcome. Please email the State Census Coordinator.
Copyright © IAGenWeb 2010