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Sewell Van Alstine Diary

Sewell Van Alstine describes his experiences as a soldier in the 95th Illinois Infantry during the Civil War. The diary contains entries from Sept. 1863 to October 1864. The images of the diary can be found Here - (Book online at The University of Iowa Libraries: Iowa Digital Library)

This is the transcript of his hand written diary. I have not made any changes or corrected spelling.

September the 3rd, 1863

left home on return to the regt at Natches, at 5 o clock Am, Took the 8 o clock train at Belvidere, arrived at Chicago at 11 1/2 o clock Am, remained in Chicago until 10 o clock Pm stopped at the soldiers home found good entertainment would recommend it to traveling soldiers as the place to stop while in Chicago, left Chicago at 10 o clock Pm found the frost had been severe on the line of R.R. for near 200 miles, below that, corn is not much injured, saw some fields below Centralia quite killed by frost. Reached Centralia at 11 o clock Am, the 4th arrived at Cairo at 5 Pm

2 (Sept 4-6, 1863)

went aboard the steamer Champion at 7 P. M. for Memphis. Could not procure free transportation, left Cairo about 10. P. M. went 20 miles below Columbus and laid to until morning, on the Kentucky shore, on account of low water 5th crafted over to the Mis. side unloaded the men and horses and traveled the [next?] 3 miles down the river lightening the boat to cross a sand bar, passed island No. 10 at 10 o,clock A.m. distance from Cairo 65 miles, stoped at Peir Madrid at 11 A.m. dist from Cairo 75 miles, laid to for the night on the deck 100 miles above Memphis. 6th in the evening were requested to go aboard, laid to at Island P. 25

3 (Sept 6-7 1863)

on returning on board, the fare for the trip was demanded & paid. made slow time stoped twice to wood, weather hot, arrived at Memphis at 10 P.m. went ashore; had divine service on board during the day. 7th monday morning clear & hot. Champion still at the landing, drew rations for 8 men informed ourselves concerning transportation, convinced we could do no better than pay our fare and go down on the Champion, went aboard the Champion at 11 A m. Saw C. Handy at Memphis, heard that Dr. Jones son in law was drowned at Cairo on the 4th, left Memphis at 12 m. fare from Cairo to Memphis 1.25 distance 250 fare from M. Vicksburg 1,75 dist 400 miles arrived at Helena

(Sept 7-9 1863)

at 7 o clock P.m. laid to for the night about one mile above town on the Miss. side, remained at the landing until 10 A.M. the 8th Sept. was relieved of our passengers & horses by the steamer [Past?] [Brig?] to enable us to cross the sand bar at Helena, the weather is hot & the river water warm, the Miss. side opposite Helena thickly covered with willow timber, tall straght sapplings, from 5 to 8 inches in diameter. left Helena at 1 oclock Pm. Helena is 90 miles below Memphis, passed Napoleon at 9 Pm. 110 miles below Helena, boat run all night delayed som in crossing sand bars. 9th wednesday morning clear and hot, passed Lake Providence at 11 Am. 125 miles below Napoleon, Island P.96

(Sept 9-10 1863)

is 3 miles above Lake Providence passed milikens bend at 5. P.m. arrived at Vicksburg at 7 Pm. saw Paul Hostrausser, heard of the death of Alpheus Hill, Story stopped at V, remained over night at the landing. thursday the 10th. left V. at 11 Am arrived at Natchez at 8 Pm, fare from V to N., 50 cts. found some of the boys at the landing expecting us, went up to camp, boys greeted us with a hearty welcome, found the boys in good health & spirits only 7 of the first lot of men furloughed returned on time, 4 boys of our co. died during our absence, Geo. Vandenken died Sept. 3d. Alpheus Hill died at Vicksburg Aug 30th, John Atkinson drowned Aug 24th

(Sept 10-14 1863)

Leland N.C.Green died at Memphis, the 11th wrote a letter home to Ellen, 12th wrote a letter to Rosalia, commenced doing orderlies duty, 13th sunday went to church, wrote a letter to Uncle John Vandewalker, co. detailed to report on board the Volunteer at 7. o.clock tomorrow morning, monday the 14th. at 7. A.m. it was observed the rebel cavalry had attacked our comp on the opposite side of the river, our regt. was sent over immediately the rebels retreated, they killed 2 of our men wounded 6 and took 3 prisoner & took off 30 mules, our regt. went our 4 miles the cavalry about 11 miles, came up with the enemy had a little skirmish, 1 man of the [12?] killed (Vertically, at top left:-) H Morgan [?] & Hill furloughed the 11th

(Sept. 14-17 1863)

5 & 6 men of our force wounded, our regt, returned after dak to the river, & stacked arms & slept near the guns, till morning. the 15th, moved about 80 rods up the river to a shade, stacked arms, awaiting orders, at 3 Pm. received orders to return to camp, reported that the rebels lost 4 killed some wound and carried off, 1 Capt captured, & [2?] dwellings houses burned by our troops, crossed over on the Sciota, arrived in camp at Dusk, 16 we remained in camp, wrote a letter to Newell, Joslin, heard that an order was issued by Gen Crocker Comdg District, prohibiting furloughs, for the present, received an order on dress parade, from the Col. to move camp the next day, had rivillee at 4 o clock Am. 17th

6 (Sept 17 1863)

the regt. was in line at 6 Am. & on the move, went out 2 miles on the Woodville road, filed left about 80 rods & found as beautiful a camp, as a soldier could desire an excellent shade of grove timber mostly large & Noble oaks, some sweet gum black walnut & hickory, the ground entirely clear from underbrush, a large & splendid private residence within the encampment, with its surrounding, furnished us with plenty of good cistern water, status [is?] as convenient as need be for soldiers, we were supplied with plenty of tents, which gave us ample room for comfort, we built our bunks & got to living again in regular camp style our commissary arrangement was unexeceptionable, were well supplied with army rations, & liberally supplied with vegetables sweet potatoes, greens fruit

7 (Sept 18-30 1863)

18th, employed arranging camp 19th, ordinary duty, Col. Thom and Adjutant Keeler left the regt. for the north, wrote a letter to Ellen 20th, went to town, saw Charles Outcolt he told me Sam died the 6th of Sept 21st & 22nd, nothing special, 23rd, wrote home to Alice sent it by Capt. Bush. Capt. Schellenger & Cheeney went home on furlough, [Doet?] Jones returned & [we?] resumed co drill, commenced company morning reports. 25th & 26th, all quiet 27th, sunday fine weather preaching in camp by our chaplain, prayer meeting in the evening, received a large mail in the afternoon, no letters for me, monday 28th, fair wrote a letter home to the children, (Vertically, at left:-) sent 5$ 29th, rainy, 30th, cloudy & raining some, made out the monthly return for co., no drill to day.

8 (Oct 1-9 1863)

Oct. 1st, still raining this morning, made out the qrterly return of deaths in the co. for the 3d. qr, ending Aug. 31st/63 2nd. morning fair and cool, wrote a letter to H. J. Coon, sent by Dr. Jones, co. drill & dress parade daily, 3rd, cool and fair in the morning, hot in the middle of the day recd mail, heard of the death of Charles [Risk?] also, Mrs. Richard, Dymond. coppied the morning report, for the month of Sept, Leach left the Regt. for home, discharged the 4th. Sunday had preaching in camp prayer meeting in the evening. the 5th, had review by Gen Smith, 6th, wrote a letter to Uncle Gaurth, was taken sick in the after noon, had battlion drill in the afternoon, 7th, drew & issued clothing wrote a letter to Ellen 8th, nothing of note, 9th, went to town, Brooks and Abbe returned, received a letter from Ellen by Abbe also one from Uncle John.

9 (Oct 10-14 1863)

10th, wrote a letter to Ellen, recd orders at 4 Pm to strike our tents & prepare to go aboard the boats, at 5 Pm ordered to not strike any more tents & wait until farther orders, 11th, Sunday morning to be ready to march at 12. M. left camp at 12 1/2 Pm, went aboard the steamer Thos. E. Tutt. left the landing at N sometime in the night, went up the about 15 miles & landed, monday morning the 12th, fair & cool, made very slow time, much crowded rather a disagreeable trip nothing of note occurred, arrived at Vicksburg. 11 oclock. Am. 13th, went ashore formed, in line & marched to court house & remained until 4 Pm. 120 men detailed for duty. saw Story, heard of the death of Gustavus Martin. brigade was marched 1 1/2 miles out of town & camped, went to bed supperless teams did not arrive. Lieut. Col. Blandon returned to the Regt. the morning 14th.

10 (Oct 14-25 1863)

sent a letter to Ellen, moved camp in the forenoon, found poor accomodations for comp, not room for convenience, & no water, water drawn from the river, camped about 1/2 mile inside the outer fortifications, 15th. nothing of note, 16th. heavy detail made to work on the fortifications, drew clothing. 17th. continued to work on fortifications. 18th. rained hard during the night. & all day. the 19th. cleared off at night. froze ice 1/4 inch thick 20th. cold & windy, Henry Morgan and party returned at night, read a letter from Ellen; wrote to Ellen the 21st.. 22nd & 3d. cool & cloudy 24th. moved camp about 1 1/2 miles, 1 mile from the river and 1 1/2 miles from town, 80 rods inside of outer works, better accommodations for room, but no water for drinking & cooking purposes, except what's drawn from the river, 25th. sunday fine morning

11 (Oct 25-30 1863)

weather warmer, Sergt. Lock of Co. B died this morning, wrote a letter to Newell Joslin, 26th. made estimate for clothing for Nov, Chapple, Stockwell, Ira Smith & C. Kirk returned this evening, Capt. Schellenger and the Col. this morning, 27th. worked in camp graded streets &c. Henry Hill & Geo. P. Hanson returned to co. in the evening also. Capt. Bush Loop, & many others to the Regt. 28th fine bright morning, heard that Gen. Rosecrans was superseeded by Gen. Thomas, very sorry to hear it, went to town to see H. Whelden, dress parade at 5 o'clock Pm. the first we ever had in Vicksburg. the 29th cloudy & windy in the morning not cold, men engaged making chimnies commenced raining at 6. Pm. rained most of the night, are furnished with better rations. 30th, rainy dismal.

12 (Oct 30-Nov 3 1863)

morning, no fatigue party to day, hard for the poor boys on picket, - night cool, 31st. clear & fair day, muster day & pay day. Cheeney and Bowman returned to the Co, Col Humphry takes command of our brigade. Sunday, Nov. 1st. cloudy morning, were mustered yesterday, had general inspection to day, preaching by the chaplain at 3. o clock Pm, dress parade at 4 1/2 Pm. no fatigue party to day. 2nd. fair day. furloughs granted to one each co. C. Bruce of our Co, goes home I sent 70,00 home by express in Capt Bushes package, 3d. fair & bright morning, very warm day, for the season, relieved of doing orderlies duty by Cheney, drew clothing to day, sent a letter to Sis by Bruce. 4th. one year to day since we left camp Fuller, beautiful bright

13 (Nov 3-8 1863)

morning, sincerely hope that before another year passes away, we shall be at home with our families, in the enjoyment of health, peace, & prosperity & our government permanently triumphant over rebelion, an order issued to send several officers & men north to recruit for the regt. our co. send Corp. Joseph R. Lilly. the 5th. rainy morning, rained half the night last night showery all day, quite warm, made a fire place and chimney to day, rained some in the night. 6th. bright & clear morning, warm & beautiful day, no duty, no work for me went to town in the afternoon, fleet of transports at the landing to take troops up to Memphis. 7th. fair & warm, Tuttles division embarked for Memphis, destination supposed to be Chattanooga, 8th. Sunday

14 (Nov 8-10 1863)

weather fair, company inspection at 9 A.m. preaching in camp by the chaplain at 3. o clock P.m, in town at 10 1/2 Am. & 3 Pm, also in the evening at 6 1/2 Pm. went to church in the evening, (Presbyterian) night cool, some frost, the recruiting officers started from the regt this evening. monday 9th. detailed this morning for picket, Abbe also as Lieut. of the guard, day cool but pleasant, passed time, in reading, & visiting the boys at the different posts, the night cool & airy, took my tour as sentinal, from 10 Pm. to 11 1/2 Pm, 1 1/2 hours, spread my blanket in one of the holes, dug by the rebel soldiers, in the banks of their rifle pitts slept some but lacked for covering, relieved in the morning at 9 A.m, the 10th. time passed as usual in camp morning drill at 9, fatigue duty

15 (Nov 10-12 1863)

to work on fortifications, to repor at 6 1/2 Am, 5 roll calls per day & dress parade, Whelden returned to the co. from McArthurs Hd. Qrs, 11th fair & cold, froze last night an order issued to have brigade inspection at 9 o clock Am, also Brigade dress parade at 4 Pm, Gen. McArthur was present at dress parade, recd two letters, 1 from Ellen & 1 from Uncle Gaurth, C. Bruce & other furloughed men left the Regt for home this morning. 12th. visited the old battle ground in co with Lieut. Brooks, L. Scougal, G. J. Cornwell, traced out the different points & places of interest, on takeing a view at our leasure, I was surprised to find distance so much less than I had conceived them at the time of the siege

16 (Nov 12-17 1863)

we went to Capt. Cornwells grave found the exact places where each of us had laid during the terific storm of lead & iron hail on the 22nd May, the point we reached on the 22nd was within 10 rods of the rebels works, we went to the best spring on the ground eat our lunch, & made our way back to camp, 13th. beautiful day no detail for fatigue to day, other duties as usual, wrote a letter to Alice in the evening. 14th. reported that our late furlough men were taken prisoners at Providence & boat burned small pox reported in the 11 regt. Ill our regt. all vaccinated. 15th. Sabbath quiet. 16th, wrote a letter to Ellen Col. Humpery took command of the regt, 17th had battalion drill at preaching by the chaplain, went to Church in the evening

17 (Nov 17-25 1863)

2 o,clock Pm. 18th signed pay rolls to day, fair & warm, duties as usual. co, drill at 9 Am. battalion at 2 P.m. dress parade at 4 1/2 Pm. 19. warm & cloudy in the morning but no rain to day, rumored that our division was to go & join the army of the Cumberland. 20.th, received two months pay, received letter from Sis, day cloudy, & threatening rain but no rain, 21st fair & warm, Whelden on Picket, sent 26,00 money home by express. 22nd cool bright morning, was detailed for Picket, was stationed at the post on the extreme right occupied by our Regt., was in Co. with G. & B boys, passed the day in reading, it being Sunday & so the testament, fine day & comfortable night, had brigade dress parade in camp. Monday 23d rainy day and night, wrote a letter to Sis, [?

18 (Nov 25-28 1863)

fair & warm in the middle of the day, Herren came to the Regt. an excellent order read on dress parade issued by Gen. Sherman, the object is I think, to keep citizens and Northern skirks from takeing refuge in this department to escape the draft, 26th Thanksgiving day, went to town heard an excellent discourse by an army chaplain at the presbyterian church; no drill today. Joseph Sewell returned to day, in much better condition of health than we expected, from latest accounts from home, he reports all well. 27th fair & warm, duty as usual received papers, of the 20th report that Burnside is hard pressed by Longstreet, trust all is for the best, recd mail in the evening, 1 letter from Ellen, 1 do Rosalia, 1 from Newell, rained steady most of the night, 28th cloudy, wet & slippery, on extra detail made of 5 men for

19 (Nov 28-Dec 8 1863)

patrol guard. 29th sunday wrote to Ellen, fair day volunteered to go after wood 30th was detailed to go with a party after wood, received letters from home, Dec. 1st beautiful weather, rumored that Grant had achieved a great victory over Bragg 2ond this morning, more news corroborating the report, 3d weather fine duty as usual received mail, report read on dress parade that Gen Grant had defeated and routed bragg, 4th beautiful weather, very warm on camp guard to day, 5th no drill to day excused, to prepare for inspection & review 6th Sunday fair & warm, regt. inspection at. 9. Am. preaching at 2 1/2 o clock P.M. by the chaplain., reported that Grant takes the command of the Potomac army, also that Charleston had surrendered & was burned, 7th fair & warm as usual

20 (Dec 7-8 1863)

Whelden detailed for provo guard, went to concert at presbyterian church in the evening, the concert was got up by the soldiers literary society, it was a success, & proved a good treat to the audience, and a credit to the society the entertainment consisted in music by the military Brass bands & church Choir, and essays in prose & poetry read or delivered by members of the society, & several articles read from the magazine edited by the society, & some volunteer contributions in vocal music. The seats were all filled. Gen McArthur was present, the exercises commenced with prayer, & closed with singing a doxology & benediction, rained hard during the evening & most of the night had an interesting time getting to camp, dark as Egypt & rained like fury 8th [loury?] & very slippery, revillee

21 (Dec 8-19 1863)

defered until good weather, B. drill in the after noon, 9th cool & cloudy all as usual, wrote a letter to N. Joslin 10th on picket, cloudy & threatning rain in the morning, faired off about 1 o,clock Pm, night comfortable relieved at 9 Am the 11th had brigade inspection at 9 Am, Whelden taken sick, 12th warm and cloudy threatning rain, 13th sunday warm and fair, very quiet day. 14th as usual; Jim Vincent went to the hospital 15. wrote a letter to Schuylor Wakefield, rained hard in the night very heavy thunder the dam broke & drained our pond. 16th J. P. Smith returned to the Regt, very hard storm of rain & wind, recd a letter from Sis, [Esqe.?] O.H. Wright and Hildrup of Belvidere came to the regt. 17th cold & windy, was on Picket. 18th cold. 19th Bruce returned to the Regt brought

22 (Dec 19-25 1863)

letters & things from home for the boys. sunday the 20th preaching by the Chaplain, wrote a letter to Sis. 21st fair bright morning, James Vincent died this morning at 4 o.clock, buried at 3, P.m. done my own washing to day, 22ond warm & comfortable, looks like rain saw Wm Sawyer from Belvidere, drew clothing to day prayer meeting at night 23d on patrol duty in the city, all quiet, went to hear an old missionary, (Dr. Warner) lecture on India, lost my pocket Book, 24th pleasant christmas eve, went to the presbyterian church to meeting, Dr. Warner delivered the discourse 25th Christmas, no drill, merry day for the most of the boys. three men killed last night in the city, raised a flag staff

23 (Dec 25-30 1863)

pole 45 feet high, 26th weather fair & duty as usual, 4 men of co. B were put into the guard house, for fighting the effects of their christmas treat a very hard storm of wind and rain in the night, Hiram and Jo moved into a tent by them selves. 27th cloudy & windy, with some rain no inspection. Sunday but no preaching 28th & 29th weather moderate duties as usual, 30th rainy morning, was on patrol duty a rainy day & night. the day given to clean up for inspection & muster to morrow. 31st some rain in the morning, weather changing colder muster in the morning but no inspection Col. Humphrey started north to day for Springfield; object, a query, night very cold for this latitude, some citizens say it is

24 (Dec 31 - Jan 4 1864)

than they ever experienced here Jan. 1st A.D. 1864. I am well, the men are well, received a letter to day from home that my dear family was well, I feel grateful to Almighty God for his mercies during the past eventful year, and sincerely thankful for present blessings, the day cold & windy, the day passed quiet & agreeable. no work except ordinary guard duty pray meeting in Cheeney,s tent as usual. 2ond still cold, no drill to day, went to town, got pay for rations while on furlough 3,80 wrote a letter to H. Coon and to Newell. 3d Sunday weather moderate cloudy looks like rain, preaching at 3 Pm by the chaplain in the open air, commened raining at 4 Pm. rained the most of the night 4th, rainy

25 (Jan 4-11 1864)

dismal morning. Whelden on picket Perkins. complains of being sick rainy day, changed colder during the night 5th cold, freezing some, sent a letter home to Clare, furloug granted to each man from each co. A Perkins goes from our co, 6th weather cold. 7th on picket reced mail from Philadelphia, Mr Bennet of Belvidere came here, 8th reviewed by Major Gen. D.S. Hunter 9th sent a letter to Ellen with a locket enclosed for Inez, was to town got a picture taken in locket, saw George Gile, he was in jail was at the soldiers home, took supper with Reeser 10th Sunday inspection by Capt Doean, camp & quarters inspected, Daniel Wakefield arrived prayer meeting at night, weather moderate, rainy night, 11th wet

26 (Jan 11-18 1864)

& gloomy morning. Whelden & me washed our clothes this morning, wet drizzly day, 12th still Lowry & threatning rain 13, weather unchanged, on camp guard wrote a letter to Ellen, 14th fair & clear warm as spring 15th weather pleasant, no drill during the late cold bad weather, & no duties but necessary guard duties, dress parade occasionally received letter from Ellen, & Uncle Gaurth, 16th fair but some colder Whelden on picket. 17th Sunday cloudy & threatning rain, had inspection, some rain throug the day, no preaching in camp, bible class organized, meet at one o clock Am, rained very hard during the night, 18 cool & gloomy morning, faired off during the day, received a letter

27 (Jan 18-24 1864)

from Schuyler Wakefield. the 19th a bright warm spring morning duties as usual, wrote a letter to Mrs Cornmwell, had battalion drill, 20th another beautiful spring morning, wrote a letter to Rosalia, went to town in the evening, to hear Dr Warren lecture on India, subject, the Himalayah mountains, the Dr. has been a resident missionary, 15 years in the country, was well qualified to interest hearers & did so, 21st weather fine, co. & battalion drill to day. Maj Avery in command of the Regt; 22nd on picket, also Lieut Abbe, all quiet, countersign Stony Point 23d no drill to day, officers & men went to see a prize drill, 24th Sunday weather fine Mr. McEwen from Belvidere came here, had preaching in the Regt

28 (Jan 24-28 1964)

by Chaplain of the 13 Iowa, 25th [Post?] review & inspection, were inspected for the prizes offered by Col. Humprey 26th capt. Schellenger detailed for Brigade officer of the picket, 27th on detail for picket with Leut. Ronsom, some alteration made in the disposition of the pickets, only about half as many are detailed for picket weather fair & warm, countersign: Pulaski: a fleet of transports load with troops came down, said to be the 15th A:C: it is supposed that a raid is to be made back in the country; perhaps an advance on Mobile also reported that the rebels are in [force?] & fortifying at Champion hill; the prizes awarded as follows: Co. G. the first 25,00, Co K. the 2nd 15,00 Co B. the 3d of 10,00. 28th went to town got a crystal in my watch

29 (Jan 28- Feb 2 1864) [in margin by page number] December

saw George Gile, yet in jail also John Coffin, 29th cloudy in the morning and threatning rain, wrote a letter to Sis received an order allowing us to reenlist as veterans, 30th cloudy & foggy, Lieut. Abbe detailed to do guard duty in the ordnance department also 3 men Company G. commenced re-enlisting as veterans, 12 signed the pledge & 9 of Co. B, I was detailed for police duty. in camp, also rained some in the evening, 31st sunday, the 11th Ill. Regt left camp, gone on an expedition up the yazo river preaching in camp at 2 o clock Pm by Elder Ronsom, Chaplain of the 30th Ill. heavy shower in the evening at 9 o clock Feb. 1st weather fair A Wakefield detailed to go with 16th A C. train, wrote a letter to his wife, 2ond was relieved from police duty, the 17th Wis. and the 95th Ill. Regt

30 (Feb 2-5 1864)

have all the picket duty to do, on account of sending so many troops out on the late expedition Jackson-way received pay up to Jan. 1st/64 the 3d. sent 30,00 dollars home to wife by express with Capt Bushes package also 30,00 to Mrs. Emily Wakefield, from A. Wakefield same way, wrote a letter to Uncle Ralph 4th on picket, on the Jackson Road busy time during the day on account of so many passing, quiet at night, countersign was Hungary, parole was Kossuth, Reports from the front that the fighting had commenced near Black River, also reported by deserters, that the rebs had fifty thousand men between here & Jackson, also reported that the 11th Ill had been engaged on Yazo River & lost some men were relieved at 9 1/2 o clock Am the 5th about 2 1/2 miles from camp

31 (Feb 6-11 1864)

6th fair, some cooler, on picket the 7th Sunday, fair & pleasant with George Stockwell and Stall, countersign was Bunker Hill, received a letter from Ellen, also a package from Philadelphia, the Col returned to the Regt. Dr. Greens wife came. 8th Whelden on picket, John Vanantwerp has the ague, wrote a letter to Ellen, prayer meeting this evening. 9th. 81 recruits came to the regt., 7 to our co. Alex Clumph, A. Salsbury, E. Slater, J. McCarty S.N. Brown A. Peck H. Vandewalker. 10th went to town with the boys to see George Gile, 11th on camp guard, Chas. Booth Co. D. tried by Regt. ct. mtl, & sentenced to 20 days confinement in the guard house 14 days to diet on bread and water for being absent from Roll call, also Charley

30 (Feb 11-14 1864)

Anson Perkins returned to the Co. Chilson Co. C: to 5 days on bread and water., 12th weather fair no co. drill, are drilling recruits battalion drill and order issued for 4 enlisted men a&a commissioned officer to go North Clark Rogers, of D. David Wilke of G, & Curtis of co. B., Sergt of A. and Major Avery, an order read on Dress Parade, that S.A. Rollins had been tried by Regt. ct. mtl. & sentenced to forfeit to government one months pay, prayer meeting to night, well attended, and adition to the association, from the new recruits. 13th fair morning, John Van, on picket, received a letter from Coon. 14th Sunday, weather fair, But some indications of rain, dry & very dusty, went to town, to church in the forenoon, heard Dr Porter, a presbyterian who gave us an excellent & comforting

31 (Feb 14-18 1864)

discourse from the text; God is Love; and he that dwelleth in Love dwelleth in God; and God in him, Johns First Epistle. 4 chapter; part of the 16 verse, service in the Regt. at 2 1/2 o clock Pm. by the chaplain, some rain at night. 15th heavy rain at daylight, went to town went to the arsenal, no drill to day, guns & accouterments were inspected, preparatory to turning them over, prayer meeting this evening, 16th clear morning & some cooler, the Regt drilled by Capt. Eddy, John Boroughs, S. H. Hill & J. H. Bowman appointed corporals, 17th on picket weather cool night cold & windy, no tent, no sleep, - countersign, Roanoke, Parole: Burnside, Whelden, detailed for H.D. Qrs. Guard, 18th cold squally morning, snowed hard for a short time, relieved at 8 1/2 Am,

32 (Feb 18-22 1864)

George Stockwell, went to the hospital, sick with the mumps, cold day, some snow during the day, 19th nearly as cold as in Jan, Hiram Barnes went to the hospital sick with the measles 20th weather moderating, no drill, drew new guns, reced letter from Alice, the Springfield Rifle musk[ets] turned over the old ones, 21st sunday fine day, preaching in the Regt. by Elder Peats chaplain of the 12th Louisanna Regt. (colored) preaching in the evening at the negro quarters by a colored preacher by name he is engaged organizing & establishing churches among the colored people, he preached sound practical & consistent gospel, he was an able reasoner & a good orator, & knew well by practical and theoretical knowledge of what he talked. 22ond, review, and military display to celebrate

33 (Feb 22 page 2)

the birth-day of our great and good Washington, were in line at 8 o clock Am joined by the ballance of our brigade & marched to the city, Col. Humphrey in command of the brigade, after the preliminaries, of forming the troops we were marched in review, we were marched to the court house, white & colored troops, formed in mass & listened to the reading of Gen. Washingtons farewell address, & some good pertinent speaking & the barking of a pair of Gen. Logans Bull-dogs (30.lb parrott rifled guns) which discoursed soul stiring & exciting music to the soldier who heard them in a less quiet time we got back to camp about 2 o,clock Pm, tired & hungry but well satisfied with the days business, had

34 (Feb 22 - Feb 27 1864)

dress parade, were thanked & commended by our Col, for good behavior & military deportment on review, Prayer meeting in the evening, 23 weather warm & threatning rain, reported that Gen. Sherman & troops were at Selma Al, detailed at night for special duty, 24th an order issued to turn over all old tents draw & set up new ones drew the wedge tent, a busy day for all hands, weather fine, wrote a letter to Alice in the evening, 25th engaged in removing rubbish clearing up camp & fixing quarters comfortable drill & dress parade as usual. 26th Bowman went to the hospital sick several complaining to day, prayer meeting in Capt. Bush,s tent this evening 27th on picket on Hobb Ferry road, warm, windy & very dusty, road thronged with travel

35 (Feb 27 - Mar 1 1864)

Prayer meeting in Capt. Schellenger,s tent from 10 Am to 5 Pm, 28th Sunday relieved at 9 Am, inspection at 9 Am, preaching at 3. Pm, a beautiful day, 29th inspection review and muster day, cool, cloudy, misty disagreeable day, no drill to day. March 1st cold rainy morning rained a good share of last night, no Breakfast this morning, stoped raining about ten o clock Am, cold disagreeable day. Perkins and I got up a kind of stove or heater for our tent that answered the purpose well, no drill to day, went to the Lyceum in the evening with Al Rollins, the manner & order of conducting the exercises as follows: President and secretary Protem, elected, house called to order by the President, exercises commenced with prayer by President, & singing of a hymn, next in order, reading a paper edited by one of the members of the society, next an essay on morality and christianity; the subject,

(Mar 1 - Mar 3 1864)

Christ in every thing: next in order, was the question for discussion, Resolved that a representative ought to represent the will of his constituents; briefly argued on both sides, decided in favor of the negative next in order, an Essay on Poland, Noble, Patriotic, but unfortunate people, brief, 5 minutes allowed to deliver or read in, next an impromptu speech by a member, next reading magazine edited by one of the members, different articles both prose and verse, concluded by singing the Doxology, 2ond weather fair, detailed to guard prisoners in Regtal guard house, men of co. E. confined for violation of orders, sentenced by court martial to 14 days in the G.H. on bread & water & wear a 24 lb. ball & chain 4 foot long, attatched to the leg, commenced building the dam of the pond 3d on duty from 12 M

(Mar 3 - Mar 6 1864)

until 7 AM. the 3d. saw Lionel Lockey, he had been out with the Sherman expedition, went as far as the east line of the State of Miss, Abner Wakefield returned on duty at night, 4th duty as usual weather fine rumored that Grant had a fight at Tunnel Hill, was victorious & following the enemy, the Sherman expedition has returned, it is represented that it accomplished all it anticipated, cavalry went as far as the Alabama line, infantry to Meridian & scoured the country above & below destroyed a large amount of public property burned the town of Meridian captured some prisoners, received some refugees, confiscated lots of contrabands and mules 5th duty as usual, the ball & chains put on to the boys in the guard house. 6th 14th Wis. regt.

36 (Mar 6 - Mar 9 1864)

returned, 7th received orders at noon to prepare for a tramp, with blankets and accouterments destination supposed, up Red river, the 17th Wis leaves for home to night on furlough our regt escorted them to boat after 9, o,clock Pm, 8th yet in camp relieved from guard duty, prisoners released, sent home overcoat & blanket by express, 11th Ill regt returned report of their capture false, and a fight the 6th nobly sustained their well earned reputation, wrote a letter yesterday to Sis, are expecting to leave camp at 7, Am to morrow, 9th revillee at 4 Am, order issued to start at 6 Am, rained hard in the forenoon, left camp at 3 Pm, went aboard the John Raines, a marine boat, Cheney Bowman & others unwell left in camp, Lieut Brooks detailed to act as Qr. M. for

37 (Mar 9 - Mar 11 1864)

the Regt. Night fair & warm, our Co. on hurricane deck, 10th boat yet at the landing, misty disagreeable morning, fairer at 10, Am, received mail in the after noon, 2 letters from Ellen, 1 from Schuyler W, fleet left the landing at 6 Pm fleet consists of 19 boats 3 marine, 1 hospital boat, rest transports, ran all night, passed Natchez at 7, Am the 11, morning cool & windy, passed Ellis's Cliff at 9. Am, about 15 miles below N. which is is a high bluff about a mile in extent, at a bend in the river, on the Miss. side, here the rebs, had quite an extensive camp & some heavy artillery planted, it is a good commanding position, passed Port Adams at 2. Pm. it is about 5 miles above the La. line in miss, arrived att the mouth of Red river at 3 o clock Pm, landed opposite a plantation own by J.W. Carr a rebel officer, his house was burned, & stock

38 (Mar 11 - 13 1864)

of horses, mules, poultry, potatoes, &c. confiscated, a large fleet concentrated here, 2 turreted gunboats, of the monitor style & river gunboats, evening pleasant 13 men detailed for guard, slept on the hurricane deck. 12th beautiful sunny morning orders are to leave the landing at 9 Am, expect to go up Red river, fleet entered the Red river at PM: 1 olock, ascended the river 5 or 6 miles, & left Red river & went down the Atchafolayah about 10 miles, & halted the gunboats tied up on the left or East side of the stream, the transports opposite side the country low & level, resembling the country above, on the river in La., the first few miles quite low, no improvements, thickly covered with 2ond growth cottonwood timber, as we advanced country grew better, more improved, some large plantations & fine buildings, no work being done not a move observable towards raising a crop 13th were ordered to disembark at 9. Am, were the place was Sims port, Ft Seurry near

39 (Mar-13 -Mar-14 1864)

formed on the levee were reviewed by Gen Smith who is in command of the expedition had a short battalion drill, stacked arms near the boat, broke ranks & had dinner are yet ignorant of our destination, lounged on the bank until 4. Pm, were called into line to drill, had barely reached the drill ground when an order came to march, remained in readiness to march, until 9, o'clock Pm, then moved, marched about 6 miles & camped at 2 1/2 O clock Am. The 14th were delayed by bad roads & teams, 7 wagons turned over, camped on the bank of Bayan Glaze, which is a fine a strip of country as I have seen in the south ascended this stream in a northerly direction about 9 miles than filed left to the west went a mile and stoped as have to make a bridge at 10 Am started at 11 o clock Am went 2 miles left the bottom land, ascended

40 (Mar 14 page 2)

the name of the Ft. was Ft. De Russy, 70 miles from the mouth of R.R. a hill found an elevated level place that resembled the parries of Ill. full 12 in extent the direction we wer marching it is and settled country used mostly for grazing well stocked with cattle & sheep, some farming done saw corn up, passed some large cane fields & sugar manufacturies burned a large cotton gin house storoed full of C. S. cotton passed a little village called Mensura inhabitants mostly French, the French flag was frequently exhibited, claiming neutraility, passed a town called Mensura about half way across the plain 6 miles farther came to Marksville, the county town of Parish Avayello, here we heard firing ahead, our advance had attacked the enemy at the Ft, on the R.R. went within 2 miles of the R. and were halted loaded & stacked arms at 5. Pm. & listened to the fray, the firing was brisk both artillery & musketry, the artillery ceased, & the musketry increased, we soon heard a yell which we believed to be a charge upon the Ft,

41 (Mar 14 - Mar 15 1864)

a short interval of silence then a long & loud shout, that gave us hope that our forces had possession of the works, a courrier soon arrived & confirmed our hopes the Ft was captured by assault at sundown, the gunboats did not participate in the action, the regs. were 14 Iowa, 7 & 24th Mo, the No of prisoners taken were about 300, reported that 11 regts. of rebels left the Ft. the day before, the night cold & windy, had a poor nights rest had plenty of rebel beef and mutton, the 15th resumed our march at 9 Am, arrived at the Ft at 10. Am stacked arms, & looke at the works found then the most extensive, & considered the best planned, & when finished whould have been the most efficient, formidable works we have yet seen in the south there was a Ft on a bend on the S.W. side of the river 20 rods from the bank, had 6 heavy guns mounted saidto be the ones taken from the Ram, the Queen of the West was captured, just below this point

42 (Mar 15 - Mar 16 1864)

Queen of the West, & the gun-boat, Indianola the Ft was built of hewn timber 1 foot square, casemated with 2 thicknesses of R R iron, was bomb proof from the river way, but open & exposed from the rear, was evacuated when our force commenced shelling from the rear, the principal works are 80 rods to the rear of this, & connected by a good line of rifle pitts, the river at this pt bends at right angl[es] running from the N. turning East, put out pickets & remained by our guns some engaged removing the best guns from the Ft. 16th the Regt. on duty destroying the Ft, tearing out the timber & piling up to burn, an order issued that the magazine & bombproof would be blown up at 8, Pm. did not get them off until 10 1/2, P.m. several men injured, by

43 (Mar 16 - Mar 18 1864)

(Added note at head of page:-) our Regt. was within 60 rods of the magazine.

the dirt thrown, striking them a cannon destroyed by bursting, done by order from H.D. Qrs. some killed & others injured by falling pieces, one man of our regt, Co. C. Samuel Jackson, also Lieut. of the 86, Ill of our brigade, considered a reckless, unwarrantable transaction, an& our Co. detailed at 11 1/2 Pm. to fire the timber in the Ft, weather quite cool. 17th moved on board the boat in the morning, remained during the day, several men complaing of being sick, 9 answered to the sick call, reported that Alexandria was evacuated by the rebs, left the landing for up river at 9 Am, of the 18th, the magazine at the Ft on the river was blown up as. soon as the boats were out of danger, the gun-boats Benton & Essex were left at the landing,

44 (Mar 18 - Mar19 1864)

the country much the same as below level on both sides, but more elevated, the soil is a red sandy loam, considered good strong soil, where not to old & exhausted, arrived at Alexandria at sundown, found the whole fleet, there; landed on the S.W. side; at 8. Pm, crossed over & landed, stacked arms & slept by our guns; the man of Co. A that had his leg bruised by the explosion of the Ft; the 16th, 19th were called into line at 10.Am to take a tramp back into the country, went about 5 miles a half mile from the river came to pine timber found a beautiful pine forest, of Norway pine, mostly sizable for hewing timber, said by many to excell any thing of the kind they ever saw, understand from citizens, there is a large tract of pine country, extending back to the Washita river, very little cultivation on this side, ie., N.W. the other side extensively cultivated, no pine, on S. side, the river is about 80 rods wide at this place, the country on the S side is directly the opposite of the N. in its soil fertility & productions

45 (Mar 19 - Mar 21 1864)

the country is level of a rich alluvial soil, will produce 2 bales of cotton per acre or 12 hhds of sugar, is all under cultivation, and much of it highly improved, with good buildings, fences, & ornamental shade trees, sugar is quite extensively cultivated, and manufactured. Alexandria is on the S.W. side of the river, contained about 2,000 inhabitants wen the war commenced, it is laid out parallel with the river which runs nearly 60. from W. of this place, the buildings are plain, quite ordinary, the court house is the largest & most imposing structure, it is built of brick about 40.ft by 60, 2 stories, Alexandria is the county seat of Parish Rapides, considerable business done as the river is Navigable here at all times, there is a rail road running saout, 18 miles to Bayou Bluff for the transportation of cotton sugar [&c?] it is 130, miles from the mouth of R R 60 miles above Ft De.Russy & 350 miles from Shreveport, 20th cold dismal march day, (Sunday) remained in camp, sent a letter home to Ellen 21st cold & stormy

46 (Mar 21 - Mar 22 1864)

put up tent of Capt,s several went in with him, built a chimney of sods, got a good supply of dry wood, fodder in abundance, for bedding the men had all made themselves shelters from rain & were quite comfortable, I certainly count on a good nights rest; at 4. Pm, we were ordered to fall in with all orur trops, go aboard the boat, cross over the river, march out & chase or, meet the rebs, we were 1 hour getting ready, & waiting for the boat, exposed to a pitiless storm of rain & hail, were put upon the hurricane deck without cover, only as we could crawl in, encroaching on others Qrs, we crossed over at dark. were kept in readiness, with haversacks filled for a 2 days march, until 8. Pm. then were allowed, to get rest if we could find it, subject to a call at any time, I think it was the most inclement march storm I was ever exposed to, some crawled in with the marines, under the bunks, in the alleys, some on the coal bunks, some with the mules &c. 22nd cold & cloudy, faired off at 10 Am, were

47 (Mar 22 - Mar 24 1864)

ordered ashore in the afternoon, went 1/2 mile down the river & bivouaced for the night reported that 400 prisoners & 4 pieces of artillery were captured & just brought in, made ourselves comfortable for the night found plenty corn husks & unginned cotton for dedding, the steamer Luminary came up from N.O. this evening bringing subsistence stores for Gen banks force, 23rd clear bright morning white frost this morning, had revillee at sun-rise, several men complaining, to transports arrived from Baton Rouge with [C O?] brigades of black troops, about 300, prisoners brought in, the same force that is reported above, which was to high an estimate on the men, it was a cavalry force, horses & guns complete, were captured, without loss, were taken by surprise, countersign & pickets captured, force surrounded, wrote a letter to Father Hawley, no picket detail from our Regt since we last landed, 24th cold, cloudy,windy disagreeable morning, 13 reports to the Drs for prescriptions, & Lieut Brooks

48 (Mar 24 - Mar 26 1864)

sick with the mumps, Capt. detailed for foraging co. drill at 9.Am, boys engaged building cabins & chimneys rained hard, the most of the afternoon Co,s D & G detailed to go to N. O. with prisoners, co. F. detailed in the night to go aboard a transport to guard 25th clear morning but cold and windy, reports that Gen Banks had arrived with a part of his force, cleared up the camp ground in the forenoon, short drill in the Afternoon, several transports went down in the morning, to wood up, which indicates an advance, 1 of the men in the 14th Regt. stabed by a cowrad with a bayonet; notified by the Sergt. Major at 10. Pm, that revillee would be beat at 4 1/2 Am, and the regt, ready with three days rations, in haversacks to start at 6 AM; 26th started, at 6 per. orders, left 17 men on board of boat, complaining, not able to march mostly recruits, moved in a N.W. direction, weather fine quite warm, was surprised to see so large a force concentrated here, found them encamped closely for two miles from

49 (Mar 26 - Mar 27 1864)

town, we passed over a beautiful & rich section of country, as I have yet seen in the south, as level as the prairies of Ill, sufficiently dry for cultivation conveniently drained if necessary, all under cultivation & highly improved with good buildings (many splendid dwellings) excellent fences, a good portion of efficient hedge fence, of the osage orange also the white thorn, some which was really ornamental, passed several sugar manufactories, our march the most of day. was on the banks of bayou Rapides, on the S.W. side, the land is 80 or. 90 feet elevated above the water of the bayou saw Gen. Ronsan, understand his division is with the expedition bivouaced, near the head of the bayau, distance marched 20 miles, & still five miles to to the river, men were tired, plenty of sheep slaughtered for supper, laid down early near our guns, called up at 9. Am the morning of the 27th resumed our march at 9 Am: we were now on the opposite side of the bayau N.W. traveled about 2 miles, came to another bayau which seemed a continuation

50 (Mar 27 - Mar 29 1864)

(Added note at head of page:-) distance marched the 27th 6 miles Cotil Landing is 20 miles by river above Alexandria of the first, but running the opposite direction, not half as large, called bayau Cotil, the landing at the river is called the same name, we arrived at the landing after frequent halts at 11: Am, no gun.boats or transports, arrived yet, reported by citizens, that rebel gunboats left here & went up river yesterday evening; rebs, destroying cotton on the opposite side of river; weather warm, rained in the night; 28th faired up in the morning, heavy detail for foraging; gun boat & saw Eastport, come up at 2 Pm, one monitor, & commissary boat, J.H. Lacey arrived in the evening, meeting in the 14th in the evening, exhortation by a private soldier, weather cooler. 29th cool with a strong N.W. wind, the most of the fleet at the landing this morning, saw our convalescent boys, all doing well except Lieut Brooks, thinks he has the fever found them on board, the Wm. L. Ewing. the marine boats ordered back to. Vicksburg, stated the detention of the fleet caused by the gun boat Eastport getting fast passing the rapids, which were 4 miles

51 (Mar 29 - Apr 2 1864)

above Alexandria, 95th moved camp at 1.Pm 1 mile up the river, on a sandy ridge, in the edge of the timber, found fine shade, & wood, & water, convenient, reported that the hospital boat Woodford sunk in 8 feet of water; cause [spun?] on a snag, heavy detail made at 12 o clock at night, to move our regt stores, from boat to camp, 30th weather fair & warm, Co. drill this morning at 9 Am, reported that Banks,s force was passing on up river to the west of us, inspection at 3 Pm, 5 roll calls per day & strict attendence required, weather warm & threatning rain, 31st battalion drill in the afternoon, Apr 1st weather fair ,but cool with high wind Capt Schellenger with party went foraging Co. drill at 9 Am, battalion at 2 Pm, wrote a letter to Ellen, Co,s D & G returned from N.O. the rebs captured & burned the steamer La.Crop below Alexandria, received orders at 12 at night, to have revillee at 4.Am, & break up camp at 5; the 2nd, got into line at 6 Am marched to the bank

52 (Apr 2, 1864) page 2

of the river, stacked arms & remained until 1,Pm. went aboard the transport Jennie Rogers, a small stern wheel steamer, the 14th and 95th except Co,s A, & F, which were detailed on Hd. Qrs boat Hastings, we remained at the landing until 3 1/2 P.m. while the fleet passed up in the following order, 2 gun boats, steamer Clara Bell Hd. Qrs, Iberville, Des. Moines, J. H. Lacey, Maes Meteor, Chauteau side wheel gun boat, Adriotic stern wheel, South Wester side wheel, Wm. L. Ewing, do, Sioux City, do, Diadem, stern weel, Thos, E Tutt side wheel, Liberty, Stern W, Emerald, side W, Hasting, stern w, Luminary, side w, Jennie Rogers, stern w, Col. Cawles, U.S. Qm. D. P. side wheel, we moved very slow, our boat seemed difficult to manage as it struck the banks several times, in making the turns, in the many short bends in the river, about 7 P.m she ran aground so hard, as to stave in som planks, that caused a leak, the troops were ordered ashore, which lightened her sufficient to repair the damage, which they did in about 3 hours


54 (Apr 3 - Apr 4 1864)

arrived at a little town & landing called Grand Le.Core at 9.P.m, where the fleet had tied up on both sides of the river, the town of Natchitoches is 4 miles S of this pt, on what is called Old, or Cane, river, which was once the channel of Red river, we remained aboard until about 11.Am. the 4th, were ordered ashore. went 60 rods from shore stacked arms had dinner, awaiting orders blissfully ignorant of the future, the prospect seems fair to march from here to shrevePort, distance from here by river is 260 miles, by land 90 miles some of Banks troops here, several colored regts, at sundown were ordered aboard the boat, hands were engaged the most of the night unloading stores were ordered ashore the morning of the 5th at 4,Am, went aboard the transport Universe, some gunboats & several transports loaded with troops, started out early our brigade took but a days rations, reported, that we were going to attack a fortified force of rebels about 40 miles

55 (Apr 3 - Apr 5 1864)

distant, went up 16 miles, stopped at a little town on the North side of the river, called Campte, which seems to have been the place of destination, a force of our cavalry, were met here by a rebel force, reported to be 3000 strong, yesterday, & driven back, some killed & wounded, our brigade disembarked at 11.Am we marched 2 miles out in the country, stacked arms remained a few hours, on the return of some scout we countermarched back to the river, & went aboard the boat, at 5.Pm, the country is the same as opposite Alexandria, undulating pine plains, soil light very little cultivated on the North side, I judge it is an extensive pine region on the north side of the river extending for hundreds of miles on the river & many miles back, the little town was pretty much destroyed by our troops yesterday, all the buildings of a public nature, stores, groceries etc. were burned, contrary to our ideas our boats headed down the river

56 (Apr 6 - Apr 7 1864)

returned to Gran,de,core at sundown, remained on board over night, poor rest bed hard cover light night cool, were ordered ashore at 4.Am. the 6th stacked arms, took breakfast, were ordered to put 3 days rations in haversacks expecting orders to march up river immediately, rumored in the afternoon, that we were to remain here, changed our position fixed quarters as comfortable as possible expecting to rest for the night, at 8.Pm, Regt. called into line sent 2 miles out in the country on picket, all quiet, the country here much the same as on the opposite side of the river, sandy soil, principally pine timber, interspersed with a variety oak, hard, hack sassafras, Box. wood, &c returned to the river at 8,Am. the 7th went aboard the Steamer Sioux City, started up the river 12 m. with a fleet, of 12 or 15 transports & several gun boats, went up the river 16 miles to Compte, laid to rained most of the afternoon, very hard in the evening, remained at the

57 (Apr 7 - Apr 8 1864)

landing until 11,Am the 8th, were detained by drawing rations, had good accommdations aboard this boat, but 6 companies of the 95th aboard, & none others, 4 co,s were detailed as guard on other boats viz A, F, D, & C, the troops of the 17th A.C. went up the river on transports, our regt. teams went up by land with the 16 A.C. (excet the Hospital team, Dr. Greens, wife still with us, has been with the regt. on every march since we left Vicksburg, rides on horseback, to day passed some better land more improved saw more people black and white, saw some fine fields of wheat and rye wheat about a foot high, rye headed out, stoped for the night at sundown at a pt called Browns landing, distance made to day 25 miles; at 9.Pm. our brigade was ordered out, to chase rebels reported that a force of 1000 men with 3 pieces of artillery, were within 2 miles; 1 mile out the advance of the 95th surrounded, & entered a house & captured a rebel Capt & 1 private,

58 (Apr 8 - Apr 10 1864)

moved on very cautiously about 4 miles, the fire of the rebel pickets in view, when we arrived at the line of fires, no pickets there learned by the darkies that the rebs heard of our approach, had fell back 2 miles, to a little town in the hills on the N. side river called Springville, concluded to return it was 3. Am. the 9th we were five miles from the boats at a pt on the R.R. called Coushatta Shute, & mostly by water above the boats, the troops marched down the river 1 1/2 miles, halted for the fleet to come up, foraged feed, beef pork & poultry, which was plenty, & at hand, still in Natchitoches Parish, went aboard the boats at 10 Am were fired into as we passed Coushatta point, laid to at dusk at ---- landing made ---- to day put out pickets, remained quiet through the night, sunday morning the 10th bright & beautiful morning, our Co. detailed as sharp shooters this morning. Joseph Sewell has the mumps, now in Soto parish on the S side, Nastitoches Parish opposite, had preaching at 11Am by the chaplain,

59 (Apr 10 1864 pg 2)

iver is getting very narrow, from 15 to 20 rods wide, current more rapid, the banks are not as high by ten or fifteen ft, have a good view of the country from the hurricane deck, is heavy timbered with a narrow strip of level land on one or the other side, cultivated, some places on both mostly planted to corn, found the cotton of each plantation burning, lately fired by the rebs, at 2.P.m, the boats in advance signaled by whistle, & the whole fleet stoped, & laid to, rumored there was a rebel battery ahead, troops were ordered ashore, some artillery landed, moved out a short distance formed in line, stacked arms, while a reconnaisance was made, reported that a large rebel transport, the Fall City, was sunk cross ways of the river effectively blockading our passage she reached from shore, to shore, probably had been loaded with brick or sand, had broke in the middle bow & stern resting on each shore, the center sunk to the hurricane deck, immediately commenced a retrograde movement, the smaller boats turning about larger ones dropping down backwards

60 (Apr 10 1864 pg 3)

where we were blockaded, called Soggy Bayou, courrier arrived from Gen Banks, in the evening, brings sorry news, reported that he had met the enemy, & been driven back, had lost some artillery, & a train of 150 wagons, the 11th at 8 Am, moved down the river slowly, stoped often for wood & forage, weather fine & airy, made breastworks of hay, & boxes of hard- bread, had sharp shooters posted, heard cannonading at the S of us, fleet was not molested up to 5 Pm laid to at 5 1/2 Pm, to wood up & get forage beef & pork, moved down a short distance & tied up for the night at Mrs. Jones, landing, 4 miles above Coushatta, put out pickets at dark, were called in at 9.Pm. expected to move on down, make as much distance as possible seem to apprehend danger of being flanked by a large force of rebels from the S. side, another courriere came from Banks, rumor says now, he lost a train 100 wagons 39 tons ammunition

61 (Apr 10 - Apr 12 1864)

18 pieces of artillery, recaptured lost 600 prisoners captured 700, had suffered considerable loss in killed & wounded, reported that, Gen Ransom was severely wounded in the knee, & Capt Dickey (of Randoms staff) killed, pickets were called out at 11,Pm, remained all night, fleet started at 7,Am. the 12th moved very slow on account of the dificulty of manageing the large boats around the numerous short bends, by the breaking of one of the bell ropes, that communicate from the Pilot to the Engineer the Sioux City swung to, stern down stream completely blockading the river, bow hard in one side & stern on the other, also broke her rudder, she was freed by being towed by 2 steamers, stern up stream, were fired into from Coushatta point, was returned briskly by our sharp shooters, none harmed on our boat, Capt of the boat, had a ball hit through his coat skirts, one man of the 95th Co. C. killed shot through the head, the Co. C was aboard the Steamer meteor,

62 (Apr 12 - Apr 13 1864)

do not yet know the extent of damage except to be harrassed all the way, rumored that there is a force of 1500, some artillery a few miles below run very slow, made poor time, boats grounded frequently, boats with broken rudder were difficult to manage, stoped at 5.Pm. to get wood, beef; gun boats firing ahead, started out at dark, passing the threatend pt separately, our boat was not fired upon when a little below the pt. of danger our boat grounded, was fast for 2 hours, the rest of the fleet were complimented as they passed gun boats kept up a fire in the direction of the enemy the most of the night, the fleet after getting below stoped for the night, the weather fair, but nights very cool, above Campte, 13th moved out at 7.Am went 3 or 4 miles & stoped were detained by 2 boats being aground ahead of us, reported by the negros that the enemy had moved down below us with their artillery gun boats are now firing in advance, 11,Am. have not yet heard the effect

63 (Apr 13 1864) pg 2

(Added note at head of page:-) it is said one Pilot (at the wheel) one engineer & all the fireman left their posts while under fire

of the last night's firing, our boat started in advance at 2.Pm. to pass the pt of danger, expecting the others to fall in, & follow, we had gone but a short distance when the rebs fired into us with artillery & musketry, the first shot, passed 1 foot forward the Pilot house, & 2 feet above the hurricane deck, through our breast works of hard-bread boxes, upsetting some of the sharp shooters, injuring none, 7 cannon shots were fired, mostly shells which passed, & exploded very near us, several muskets shots put through the smoke, and steam pipes, no one injured, passed out of range, & stoped, whistled the signal. great credit is due Capt, ____ of the boat for his admirable management of so large a boat, around the bend, at such a rate of speed, he took the wheel himself, he is said to be one of the best pilots that runs the Miss. R. I think him one of the most worthy & commendable of men, invariably attentive, to his duties in person, in difficult places, quiet, kind, familiar & agreeable, in conversation & manners, to all, did not hear an oath or harsh word spoken to crew or soldier

64 (Apr 13 - Apr 15 1864)

while on board; in about 2 hours 1 gunboat came down, accompanied by a supply&d tow boat, which carried two guns; the rebs directed their fire at the supply boat [times?] disabled her engines, cut a man in two parts, wounded one; she replied with her two guns, (but strange to us land lubbers,) the gun boat which is an iron clad, (the Chilieothe) did not fire a shot, which with her heavy guns & shells she could undoubtedly silenced & scattered, she brings the former in tow, to us, then taken in tow by the Sioux City, down to Campte where we remained over night, at dusk a force of infantry with an advance guard of cavalry came up from Gran De Core on the N. side which probably was the relief of our fleet above, as they came down during the night, & in the morning of the 14th distance passed yesterday 10 miles, have not yet heard the particulars of the doings above us, weather cool & airy, laid at Campte the most of the 15th detained on account of boats being fast, the Ibervill, John Warner, Black-hawk,& gunboat tyler were aground, arrived at Grand De core

65 (Apr 15 1864) pg 2

at 6.Pm. distance made to day,16 miles, part of the fleet, here, disembarked the morning of the 15th, marched a mile back from the river, in the edge of the woods, & camped, Banks, & his army are here, the principal topic of conversation was and is, the late battle & its consequenses, it was no doubt a disastrous repulse, the two armies met at Pleasant Hill 40 miles from here, on the 8th at ___ from what I have learned, I think Banks was surprised not thinking the enemy in formidable force, he was attacked furiously in front with artillery, & both flanks, with infantry & cavalry, his trains were so interspersed with the troops out of order in battle, that confusion, panic & defeat, was the result, Gen Ransom who commanded the 13 A. C. was seriously wounded in the first of the engagement, the 13th & 19th A.C's. were engaged, the attack was made in heavy pine wood, which made it difficult to get the train of teams out of the way, 180 waggons & 19 pieces of artillery complete were lost, they retreated 13 miles, followed by the rebs & there they met the 16th. A.C. commanded

66 (Apr 15 1864) pg 3

by Gen. A.J. Smith, who was one day,s march in rear of Banks resolved to give them battle, with his troops alone, in the afternoon of the 9th after some skirmishing, the battle commenced in a small open field, (skirted by woods) by a furious cavalry charge by the rebs, which our men met firmly & heroicly, yet it is said, scarsely a man of the enemy cavalry left the field, were cut down by our artillery & infantry, which was most admirably managed, the rebs flushed with a late victory, were sanguine & determined & charged furiously with infantry, & were boldly met, & charged upon by our forces, they swayed madly to & fro, across the open field, first one side driven at the pt of the bayonet then the other, it is said, some batteries changed hands 3 times successively, the fight continued with unabated fury until after dark, from reports, both armies withdrew from the field during the night, neither desirous of renewing the conflict, rumor says the enemy sent in a flag of truce in the morning for the privilege, to bury their dead, & our forces had left commenced their retreat at 4 Am the 11th. & the whole force made their way to this place.

67 (Apr 16 - Apr 18 1864)

16th yet in camp, weather fine, nights uncomfortably cool, Banks has a pontoon bridge across the river, is crossing his trains to the N. side continually, hear that he is fortifying in the rear; all seem ignorant of what is to be done next, quiet in camp, washed my clothes to day. 17th beautiful sabbath morning, preaching in camp by Elder Bodwell, chaplain of the 27th Iowa, the best practical discourse, & most appropriate address to soldiers that I have yet heard, inspection at 3 Pm, 4 of our sick sent down the river, Henry Hill, James Vickers John Coleman, John McCarty, the fleet all came down yesterday, no serious damage done, the Governor of Mo. here, yesterday made a speech, in the evening, went to hear the rev. Mr. Burnell preach in the 8lst regt. he is an agent of the U. S. christian commission, he is a very worthy man, zealous devoted to the cause, 18 yet quiet in camp, orders to clear up our camp ground, & make bough houses have an opportunity to send mail, the J H Lacy goes to Vicksburg,wrote a letter to Uncle Gawith, prayer meeting in the evning,

68 (Apr 19 - Apr 20 1864)

19th weather fine, engaged making seats, writing desk, shading our Qrs. &c; prepared a place for holding prayer meetings, arranged seats; at 5.Pm, received orders to be ready to march at an hours notice, were called into line of battle this morning at 4 Am, large reconnoitering force sent out early, (Vertically, at right:-) 117 Ill. prayer meeting this evening, Mr Pournell & Col More present, each made a short exhortation, an interesting & profitable meeting, general impression is that we are to move against the enemy, But, which way is a mystery John Vanantwerp sent off with the sick 20th waiting for orders, commenced a letter to Ellen; started from camp at 12 1/2. M, move out on the flats, where the troops were concentrating, remained several hours, moved out to Natchitoches, one brigade in advance, here the roads diverge to Shreve-Port, & Alexandria, evident we are going down the river if we can, reports the enemy to be in heavy force near & around us their pickets were driven from here when we

69 (Apr 20 - Apr 22 1864)

came in, camped in town, 21st remained in camp all day, horses saddled, & teams hitched up expecting. to move, every hour, called into line at 12 at night, moved a mile & stayed until morning, smart skirmishing all the afternoon, this town is one of the prettiest towns I have seen in the south before the war it contained over 3,000 inhabitants it has a level, rich, & fertile country about it, extending on our line of march, between Cave, & Red rivers to the mouth, of Cave R, plenty of excellent timber of various varieties, white clover is the gen. pasture is very flourishing, 22nd started at 10 Am, made slow time, were hindered by trains ahead, at 2 Pm the enemy overtook us while at a halt, our brigade immediately formed & went back 3/4 of a mile to meet them, we were in a large field of several hundred acres of corn, the rebels were in the skirt of woods, & in and under cover of houses at the West side of the field, they had been following up & skirmishing with our cavalry all day we were marched up within musket range where 2 pieces of artillery were posted, which opened

70 (Apr 22 - Apr 23 1864)

first volley G.J. Cornwell, was shot in the fore head, (but strange to say lived until 3 Am next morning) at this time the enemy was seen, moving on our left flank but were turned back by the forces moving in that direction our regt kept up a steady fire ten minutes, & were fired upon briskly, as we could see where every shot struck, by the dust raised, we were moved a little nearer & partially covered by some negro qrs. & surroundings, the 8lst, next took their turn firing the rebels fell back were charged by the cavalry & driven back, we resumed our march, marched the most of the night, made thirty miles in the 24 hours, 23d rainy morning, were at a little town called Caultierville, buried Cornwell here, moved on a mile, were again attacked by the enemy at 9 Am, turned and fought them until 3. Pm, our regt. supported a battery, the fighting, mostly by artillery on both sides, some sharp skirmishing, rebs were driven, & silenced, moved on about a mile further & camped, made 2 miles in 24 hours, the rebs com

71 (Apr 23 - Apr 25)

(Added note at head of page:-) [?] in the morning heavy cannonading ahead, Banks engaged with the enemy at his crossing

-enced shelling us in the night, skirmishing began at daylight, 24th shelling continued by the rebs, our forces formed at 6. Am, advanced within musket range & opened fire briskly upon them with our brigade & 8 pieces of artillery, which soon made it to hot for them, & silenced & set them running, one man of our co. K was shot dead by one of our own men in the rear rank, Anson Perkins, killed by S.N.Brown very carelessly, some of our brigade killed & wounded also som of the battery, have not yet learnt the loss, it is reported the enemy suffered, severely moved out at Am crossed Cave river on Banks pontoon at 11 Am, saw Gen Banks, arrive at Cotile landing at 10 Pm, distance made to day 24 miles, weather so far has been favorable for marching, dry cool & airy nights uncomfortably cool for sleeping out, 25th started out at 10 Am, rebs firing in our rear, took the Bayau road to Alexandria moved on a few miles were fired upon from the opposite side of the Bayau, we were put in line of battle, but were soon ordered

72 (Apr 25 - Apr 27 1864)

forward, the rebs were driven by the cavalry which crossed over, cannonading at a distance in the rear all day, moved 12 miles and stoped at 5, Pm, had a good nights rest resumed our march at 6. Am,. the 26th, arrived at Alexandria, at 12 M. hot and very dusty, men tired, the 13th & 19 A.C. already in, town 16th still in the rear, firing all day to day in the rear, went half mile below town & camped a part of the 13th A.C. came up from N.O. this evening to join Banks, reported that we are to go to Vicksburg soon, by river, found our sick boys here doing well, 27th received a large mail to day, all well at home, war news & prospects not very encouraging at present reported our regt. camp equipage sent from Vicksburg to Cairo, also rumored that we were transfered to the Gulf. D.P. troops continue to arrive from below, gun boats still above the rapids, cannot get down on account of low water, Gen Banks reports 3000 killed wounded, & missing at the battle of Pleasant Hill

73 (Apr 28 0 Apr 30 1864)

28th weather dry & hot, cannonading continues up river, do not know the cause or consequences, sent mail to day, wrote to Ellen, boats continue to arrive from below, heard that Cyrus L. Warren died, at Vicksburg with small Pox, called into line at 2 P.m, the rebels were driving our pickets in, moved out towards the woods, & remained in line of battle through the night, our brigade camp equipage was packed & moved in town during the night. 29th still in line, rumored that Ge. Banks is appointed Secretary of war, returned to camp at 10 Am, a slight panic in town reported, that some of Banks force on the [right?] fell back inside their fortifications, in disorder destroying a large quantity of oats & other property; made out muster rolls, 30th revillee at 3 Am, orders to march at daylight with 2 days rations, mustered in the morning, started on march at 12,m. crossed the river on pontoon bridge, moved 5 miles north & camped near the military Academy,

74 (Apr 30 - May 4 1864)

weather hot, road dusty, found good spring & cistern water at the academy, some prospect of rain, striped a barn of its covering to make Shelter, only slight sprinkle, had a good nights rest, all quiet. May the 1st Sunday morning, cool, cloudy, & airy, no service to day, Chaplain present, fine comfortable day, order came in the afternoon, that we were to remain here a few days, sent to the river, for our camp equipage, at 12 midnight recd. orders to move back immediately to camp, arrived at camp at 3 Am the 2ond, laid down hoping to rest until morning, in half an hour, were called into line of battle, march to the front, & remained until 7 Am, at 12 m, were ordered to march with 2 days rations, moved out up the bayau Rapides road, very slowly, found the most of the troops of the place were out, object seems to bring on an engagement with the enemy, or surround him, skirmishing the most of the afternoon, some artillery fire near sundown, bivoucked in the open field, about 3 miles from town, 3d. at 7 Am moved in a southerly direction, towards Cheneyville abot 5.miles, remained until the 4th at

75 (May 4 - May 7 1864)

sun rise, resumed our march [westward?] on the Cheneyville road, commenced daming the river, to get the gun boats over the rapids, moved south 6 miles, brisk skirmishing in the advance, some artillery used, the enemy ceased firing, & fell back, we fell back one mile, & formed line of battle in a large sugar cane field, on Gov. Mores, plantation, at 10.Am. skirmishing resumed in the afternoon, heavy artillery firing in a S.E. direction, supposed to be gun boats on the river weather airy & comfortable, 5th remained in line to day, 6th at 1.Pm. advanced upon the enemy, close & brisk skirmishing all the afternoon bivanacked in a corn field, distance made, 4 miles but were much fatigued, by so much maneuvering in battle order. 7th moved forward at 11.Am skirmishing short distance in front, heavy musketry firing, charges made by both parties, moved on 2 miles & stoped at sundown, & prepared to stay overnight, received orders in thirty minutes, to fall back immediately to Mores plantation, have not learned the particulars

76 (May 7 - May 10 1864)

of the late skirmishing, we lost some men, the enemy reported to have lost a considerable, in a charge to day received news this evening that the enemy, captured 2 gun boats, of musketoe-fleet, & 1 transport on the 4th which accounts for the firing of that day, reached Mores plantation at, 10.Pm, bivouacked on our old line in the cane field, the 8th at 2.Pm. moved out on the road near the Bayau Roberts & camped, quiet to day. 9th weather threatning rain, notified, we should have time to wash ourselves & clothes to day, took a cold water wash in the Bayau, slight sprinkle of rain to day. went to a neighboring plantation, picked some green apples for sauce, also some greens, found some English turnips, saw a field of barley fit to harvest, teams sent to Alexandria for 7 days rations, prospect fair to march down the river soon, reported part of the gun boats over the shoals, Thom Vincent sent to the hospital sick, to A, a man of the 14th was killed by meddling with the ballance wheel in the sugar mill, 10th early in the morning a squad of rebel cavalry made

77 (May 10 - May 14 1864)

a bold dash on our picket lines, driving in our cavalry pickets, skirmished a short time, rebels soon retired, all quiet teams returned from Alexandria, gun boats not all over yet, dam reported to have given away & another to be made, night cold & windy. 11th weather fine clear cool & airy, firing on, the picket lines in the evening 2 men of the 58 Ill. wounded on picket one had a leg amputated to day the 12th one man of the 58th, accidently shot through the thigh (in camp) preaching in our regt this evning by the chaplain of the 44th Ill rumor afloat that Gen. Grant had captured Richmond. 13th quiet in camp, preaching in the 16.Corps by the Chap of 33 Iowa, 14th revillee at 4.Am. moved out at 6.Am. on march down the river, went in a N.E. direction 5 miles, came to the river, found the road thronged with Banks troops & train, fleet,also there, 15 miles below Alexandria, rebels fired from the opposite side of the river occasionally, skirmishing with cavalry to the right & artillery firing in advance, moved [4?] miles, camped at 11 1/2 Pm, at the pt where

78 (May 14 - May 17 1864)

he enemy had batteries planted & captured our gun boats & 1 transport, 15th moved out at 7.Am. fighting to the right & in the advance as usual, moved 15 miles to day & stoped to the right & near Ft. De.Russy, at 6.Pm. sharp skirmishing a short distance in advance, we lost some cavalry, heard the fleet had passed the Ft. & gone down below, 16th revillee at 2 Am, started out at 3 1/2. Am. passed through Marksville at 9 Am. found the enemy in strong force on the edge of the prairie in our front, the whole army was formed & moved on in battle order for miles considerable artillery firing from both sides, the rebels had one large piece, said to have been taken from one of our [late?] captured gun boats, & which threw a large number of 50,lbs. shot unpleasantly near us, rebels were compelled to fall back, moved to our right, & attacked our rear, Gen Lawler ordered back with a division, after noon very hot & dusty, moved 15 miles to, day camped on bayau De,Glaze at. 9.Pm, troops & trains were passing all night 17th firing resumed in the rear early in the morning, reported that 50 of our cavalry were killed & wounded, in charging on the enemy, they were decoyed into an ambushof infantry, by an insulting squad of cavalry. Gen

79 (May 17 - May 19 1864)

Mower was ordered back with a part of the 16 A.C. we moved forward at 11 Am. slowly, moved 8 miles, firing kept up close in the rear & to our right all day, we camped at Ft. Simmes, 2 miles from the fleet. 18th moved over the bayau ----- in the morning. & stacked arms, rebels made a bold attack in the forenoon but were crowded back, by our men, who continued to advance & the affair soon assumed the appearance of a battle, artillery opened on both sides with a will, our brigade was ordered out at 1:Pm. at a double quick step nearly 2 miles, the musketry firing was incessent & artillery firing very rapid for several hours. the loss seems considerable on both sides, we met wounded men, & saw pools of blood frequently, some of our men say they saw 10 & 15 union soldiers, lying dead on a few rods square & more rebels, the battery attached to our brigade suffered, had 2 men killed & 12 horses, besides other damage, Lieut. Morse from Belvidere of the 58th Ill. was killed, our brigade remained in the advance until10.Pm. & fell back 1 mile & bivouacked remained in line in an open field until 12, m, the 19th (weather very hot,) moved over the Bayou, the cause of detention here is, the army is crossing

80 (May 19 - May 25 1864)

the Atchafalaya, the enemy not seen nor heard from to day, rumored that he has fallen back, our loss the 18th was heavy for the force engaged, killed estimated from 175. to 200. killed, & wounded in proportion, 125 rebels were buried in one pit by our men, the No, of rebel prisoners captured is differently estimated from 400 to 600, heard that Banks successor (Gen Camby) had arrived, 20th moved out crossed the Atchafalaya at 12. M on a bridge of boats, consisting of 20 steamers, timbers laid, & planked across the bows, we moved 2 miles up the Atchafalaya, & camped, the train crossed over the fleet moved down in the afternoon weather hot & dry Edmund M. Slater died to day, capt Schellenger detailed to take charge & care of convalescents on board the steamer Mars. 21 moved out at 7 Am arrived at the Miss R near the mouth of R R. at 12. m: weather hot went aboard the steamer Golden Era at 9 Am the 22ond arrived at Vicksburg the 24th at 3 Am, disembarked at, 10 Am, moved about 60 rods from the river & camped on the side hill, 25th hot & uncomfortable, poorly supplied with rations, went up town took dinner at Soldiers Home, drew

81 (May 25 - June 1 1864)

clothing to day. 26th still in camp; went aboard the steamer G. Era at 10.Pm, Pioneer Corps returned to the Regt, R. G. Story joined the Co. 27th left the landing at sunrise, weather hot, the river high fleet makes good time, passed L. Providence at 5 .Pm ran all night, passed Napoleon at 5,Pm the 28th went up the Arkansas River 1 1/2 miles, a distance of 15 miles saved by taking a channel across a bend practicable in high water, 29th Sunday beautiful day arrived at Helena at 12 M. stoped 1 1/2 hours, preaching in the cabin at 2.P.m., arrived at Memphis at sunris the 30th moved out to the rear about 3 miles, 31st warm & fair, drew clothing, rumored that we were to march in the morning, sent a Box home by express, June 1st left camp at 12.m, marched to the railroad went aboard open cars started at 5 1/2 Pm, by R R westward rained most of the afternoon, cars ran 2 miles west of Collierville,

82 ( June 1 - June 5 1864)

arrived at the end of the road at 10 Pm, got off the cars, bivouacked for the night, rain in the night. June 2ond moved forward at 8 Am arrived at Lafayette, 7 miles 11 1/2 Am, more rain, remained over night rain during night. 3d revillee beat at 2 1/2 Am started at 4 Am,. marched 12 miles in S.E. direction & stoped on the cold water for dinner at 1 Pm. rainy day, moved on, 8 miles stoped on the R R, at M. & went into camp at 7 P.m. rained hard during afternoon & night. 4th moved out at 12 m. marched 5 miles, & camped 3 miles from salem Miss, some rain to day, sunday moved out at 7 Am, marched to salem & halted at Salem a mile beyond at 11 Am the object & destination, No. of troops &c, of the expedition yet a mystery, remained during the day, weather fair, teams sent out foraging poor success country quite level, & fair to Salem, saw some winter wheat, & oats, were middling, timber mostly oak, with some shestnuts, & other varieties country beyond salem more hilly lighter soil some pineabout 8 miles beyond towards

83 ( June 5 - June 10 1864 )

(Added note at head of page:-) the 9th a train of convalescents were sent back to Memphis under escort

Ripley, the 6th had revillee at 3 Am started at 4 1/2 Am, commenced raining at 6.Am rained very hard, the most of the forenoon, moved very slow, road awful, 19 wagons of the train upset very hot 5 artillery horses died, moved 14 miles & camped at sun down within seven miles of Ripley, 7th moved 5 miles & halted for the night, no rain. 8th started at 4 Am. passed through Ripley at 6.m,. moved S. 2 miles, & countermarched a short distance took a road leading to Tupulo, heavy shower, very hot, marched 10 miles & camped, Co. K sent out on an advance picket Post. took up qrs. in houses & sheds rain in the night Gen. Greene came up & stoped over night. 9th started out at 11.Am. moved 8 miles & camped. 10th moved out at daylight, crossed the Hd. waters of the Hatchie River, water a marsh, water & mud extending about 30 rods wide, very thickly wooded; marched 12 miles, met came upon the enemy at 4 Pm near _____the fight was short, but severe lasted about three col, Humphrey was killed, & Capt Bushy. Albert Rollins was mortally wounded, & John Morrisson

84 (June 10 - June 12 1864)

several of the Regt killed & wounded, we were whiped, & driven, compelled to make a disorderly retreat, lost all of the train of 180 wagons, pieces of artillery, the prisoners yet to be estimated, marched all night arrived at Riply in the morning of the 11th, rebs attacked us sharply as soon as we halted, took some prisoners, our only safety was in speedy retreat, no ammunition but 60. guns to our regt. others still shorter of guns, took a road in the direction of LaGrange Tenn. marched 30 miles, the larger force of the enemy, followed our force that took the salem road, rumored that they were mostly captured, halted at Dusk, stayed until daylight, 12th marched all day & until 12 at night harrassed all day by the enemy, some negroes killed & some white troops were taken prisoners, kept firing upon us until after dark, marched over thirty miles, camped near La.Fayette, were entirely out of rations we drew 2 days rations the 9th no more were issued until the 13, in the afternoon near Colliersville brought out by the train, got aboard the train arrived at memphis at dusk, were drawn up

85 (June 12 - June 23 1864)

to camp by teams that came for us 14th learn our loss was 75, killed wounded & missing, [Bruce?], Lewis, & David Pickard missing of Co. K., Wells Briggs of Co. G. Mort Powell of B also others the object of the expedition seems to have been to divert the attention of the rebel force in that Qr. or to destroy the R R, the force sent out was about 8000, 3000 cavalry, 5000 infantry, in command of Gen Sturgis, Gen Grierson with the cavalry, our brigade was composed of the 81st Ill., 113th, 120th, 108th and 95th Ill. commanded by Col, Hoag, No 2ond brigade, found a letter in camp from Ellen & Sis 15th sent a letter to Ellen, received one from Ellen. 18th Major Avery returned18th, weather hot & showery, 20th recd. 4 months pay 21st bought a draft to send home No, 61, signed by Wm H Jameson U. S. paymaster. 22nd received letter from Ellen, sent letter with draft to Ellen, 23d went to town, saw the boys in the hospital, paid Tho. Vincent $20,00 collected for him, went to. the Brilliant Saloon

86 (June 23 - July 4 1864)

got a free lunch, shower in the evning 24th hot & showery, Brown sent to the hospital, several Regts. of ,3, months men arrived, Rolla Parks & others came to our Co in the evning, 25th scores of Boone Co. boys come to our regt. through the day, dress parade in the evening, 26th Sunday, Lieut Co. Blaneon arrived, attended divine service in colored regt. 27, 8, & 9 weather fair & hot, all quiet, are doing no duty except in Camp, hear we were relieved for 30 days, since our return from the Sturgis expedition, 30th muster & general inspection Henry Vandewalker gone home on furlough received a letter from Uncle Gawith; July 1st, ,fair & hot, received letter from Alice, 2ond a fine shower, drew clothing, sent a letter to the children; 3 as usual. 4th still & quiet in camp, some military display in the City, by the enrolled military excursions on the river, Pic.Nics &c, with the burning of some powder comprised the amusement of the day, rumored, that Gen A.J.Smith had a brush

87 (July 4 - July 21 1864)

with the enemy at Salisbury, a town on the M. & C. R. R. 10 miles beyond Lagrange; the rebs attempt to drive our fores from the place did not succeed, troops continue to move out to Smith; 5th Andrew Oleson returned to Co. green corn in camp to day; vegetables of all kinds, plenty for some time past, 7th John McCarty returned to Co. for duty. 8th hot & getting Dusty, 7th Ill. cavalry went out to join the Smith expedition. 10th a fine shower, cotton fairly in blossom, Maj. Avery started after our regt things wrote a letter to Ellen, 11th reported that Gen Smith had an engagement with the enemy, not considered reliable, 14th weather hot, dry, & dusty, Jay Renne returned to Co. 17th [?] E Abbe came here, Dr. Jones in camp, is a delegate from the Christian Comm,s preaching by. Elder Overton of the 33d Iowa, 18th recd a dispatch from Gen A. J. Smith, announcing a successful engagement with Forrest, 20th Gen. Smith came in. 21st Dr. Green arrived, learned that the enemy were severely, punished, in the

88 (July 21 - Aug 3 1864)

late engagement, with but little loss to our forces, the enemy was out generaled by Gen Smith, he brought them to fight on his own ground, the battle was fought near Tupelo on the Mobile & Ohio R R. on the 14th the enemies loss in killed & wounded is estimated at 2500 several prominent officers killed, 150 prisoners taken, our No engaged was estimated at 4000 the enemy,s at ____ our loss in killed, wounded & & missing, did not exceed 300 22ond the 14th Wis Regt. came in, brought in a rebel flag; 23rd weather changed cooler, night quite cold, 24th Sunday were addressed by Mr Burnell, the Gen field agent of the C.C.M, went over to the 39 Wis Regt, to hear him, dry & hot during the week, good news from Atlanta Ga, a great victory reported by Sherman, 29th rumored that we were to move soon, recd, a package from home, received mail from home sent letter to Alice, some rain this afternoon. 31st Sunday wrote to Ellen, weather very hot, shower in the night, Aug. 1st Cloudy airy & cool, the 3d broke up camp, & started

89 (Aug 3 - Aug 11 1864)

for the river landing, went aboard the steamer White Cloud, left Memphis the 4th at 3.Am. arrived at Helena at 11.Am, arrived at White river landing at 9,Pm. Co. detailed to remain at the Post & do garrison duty, 5th went into the stockade work in the evening which inclosed some less than an acre, found 6 log cabins roofed with shakes, & floors in some of them, which made comfortable Qrs, 14 men from other Co's. of the Regt. were added to K making 50 men, 6th were buisy in cleaning up camp, our duty, mostly Picket, some contingant guard duty, & fatigue repairing, stockade, 7th Sabbath wrote a letter to Ellen. 8th Lieut Brooks & other officers of the 35th came down from Memphis on the steamer Kate Hart, went up White river, reported to Co. Blanden weather hot & dry 9th James Vickers came to the Co: Gen Dana arrived at the Post the 10th left stringent orders relative to trading, closing the line against citizens, James Vickers came to Co., 11th Steamer Empress came up was fired into from a schel batterie of six guns, 102 shots fired, 32, striking the boat, killing 5 men.

90 (Aug 11 - Sept 3 1864)

disabling the boat, was saved from capture by the timely arrival of a Gun boat, occured 60 miles below here at Gaines Landing on the Ark side, - fine shower in the evening, 12th Maj. Avery arrived with the regt,l. things, Cheney & others with him 13, & 14th as usual. 15th recd mail, none for me 16th Cheney returned to the regt, some rain. 17th showery, 18th more rain, 19. do; 20th fair & hot. 21st Forrest made a raid into Memphis, Col. Blanden, Capt. Eddy, & party went north recruiting, 22ond two diserters came in, sent up the river, 23d Chapple went to St. Charles, 24-27th very hot, four deserters came in were of the murderous party that fired into transports especially the Empress, sent them up river, 30th weather showery, John Burroughs very sick with the intermittent fever, several others, sick with ague, 31st E. Tyler sick attack of fever, L. Seaugal sick, Sept 1st very hot, river rising, recd a letter from Alice 2ond wrote home, was taken Sick. 3d recd two months pay, John Burroughs & Tyler sent north to hospital

91 (Sept 3 - Oct 9 1864)

sent 50,00$ home by H. Doran 7th rained very hard, 8th in morning, Gen. Dennis’ division arrived enroute [fo rep?] White river 7,000 Chas Fross returned from Memphis, 6 Tyler died at [Mem?] the 5th, 9th sent letter to Ellen, 20th Lieut Abbe returned to Co, nights cool, engaged pumping coal barges for Mr. Helm, 23rd Chaplain More came to the post enroute to the regt. 25th cool bright airy morning, preaching by the Chaplain at 9 A.M. salute of 36 guns and a speech by Capt. Davis in honor of Gen. Sheridens victory over Early. Oct. 1st nights very cool & hot through the day. 4th sent a letter to Ellen, done with the coal barges, settled with Mr. Helm, received of him in different installments $479.00. 5th received a letter from Ellen. 6th sent $100.00 by express to Ellen, our brigade sent up White River. 8th had an ague shake, Adjutant Wood came to the detachment, frost at night. 9th Sabbath morning, cool, bright and beautiful, engaged through the day reading the

92 (Oct 9 - Oct 30 1864)

life & letters of the Rev. C. N. Prighter, agent of the American Bible society in the Levant, had an ague shake in the afternoon. 10th had the ague hard, was very sick, 11th, 12th & 13th days hot, nights cool. 14th rainy, duty plenty, mostly guard duty, 17 prisoners in the guard house, am on duty evry, other day. 14th bought a barrel of oranges from N.O. paid 15.00. 15th several regts. came up from Vicksburg & below, are going up White river. 17th rumored that Memphis was in danger of an attack from Forrest, troops sent up as fast, as possible, 18th built a chimney, had the ague. 19th weather cool river rising, bought a gov. voucher of a soldier blacksmith of 32.00 for 50 cents on the dollar. 20th had the ague again. 24th checked the ague with Quinine, weather fair, my birthday, feel grateful, to God for his mercy & kindness, in preserving my life & health, & that of my family, & pray that it may be continued. 29th troops returned from Memphis, rainy time. 30th the sabbath, fair weather,

93 Story

ing Ahasuerus, of scripture, known in history as prince Astyages, was the father of Darius the mede in scripture known in history as Cyaxares the 2ond also grandfather to King Cyrus, the conquerer of Babylon whose mother was Mandane the daughter of King Ahasuerus, - Babylon was taken by Cyrus just 50 years after the taking of Jerusalem by the babylonians under Titus 2ond Carmbysses succeeded Cyrus reigned 7 ys 5 m. in scripture he is called Arhauerus Smerdis the usurper, succeeded to the throne of Persia called in scripture Artazerxses, - - the Babylonians have the honor of being the founders of astronomy - the prophet, Daniel was chief superindendent & prime minister of the Persian Empire, under Cyrus King of Babylon - Lycurgus was the great Spartan Legislator, son

94 Story

of Eunomus one of the kings of Sparta which was a state or city of Greece. Lycurgus is also called of the seven sages of Greece; - Solon one of the chief of the Grecian sages, was supreme arbiter and legislator of Athens, lived Am, 3445 & 550 before the reign of Julius Cezar, - Homer the most celebrated & illustrious of poets, was born in Smyrna a City of Greece Am, 3160, - Thales the most illustrius of the seven wise men of Greece was born at Ionia in Greece, AM 3457. Esop the noted fabulist was a Grecian slave, he had abundance of wit, was teribly deformed in person, the beauty of his mind soon shone through the cours veil that covered it, one of his pleasant sayings was - we aught not consider the form of the vessel but the quality of liquor it Contains; he obtained his freedom

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